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1

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and

Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

i. Complementary shear

ii. Poisson’s ratio

iii. Volumetric strain. [6]

(b) If the Young’s Modulus of elasticity of a material is twice its modulus of

rigidity, then compute the Poisson’s ratio of material. [10]

2. (a) What are the elastic constants ? Derive the relation between them. [8]

(b) A load of 2.0 kN is to be raised at the end of a steel wire. If the stress in the

wire must not exceed 100 N/mm2 , what is the minimum diameter of the wire?

What will be the extension in 5.0 m long wire? Take E = 210 kN/mm2 . [8]

(b) A simply supported beam of length 5m carries a uniformly increasing load of

800 N/m run at one end to 1600 N/m run at the other end. Draw the S.F.

and B.M. diagrams for the beam. [12]

4. (a) Discuss the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) The cross section of a simply supported beam is as shown in Figure 1. Find

its moment of resistance if permissible tensile stress is 160MPa. Compare it

with equivalent section of same area but [10]

i. Square section

ii. Rectangular section with twice the width and

iii. a circular section.

It is loaded with point load of 10 KN at the end C. If E = 200 ×102 kN/m2 and I =

12 ×10−6 m4 determine deflection at the point C and maximum deflection between

A and B. [16]

6. A 2m diameter cast iron pipe has thickness of 10 mm and is closely wound with

a layer of 5 mm diameter steel wire under a tensile stress of 50 N/mm2 . If water

under a pressure of 3.2 N/mm2 is admitted into the pipe, find the stresses induced

in the pipe and steel wire. [16]

7. (a) Define slenderness ratio. State the limitations of Euler’s formula. [4]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 1

Figure 1:

(b) Derive an expression for the Rankine’s crippling load for a column. [8]

(c) How will you justify the Rankine’s formula is applicable for all lengths of

columns, ranging from short to long columns. [4]

450kW at 4/3 Hz. There is, at the same time, a bending moment of 30kN-m and

an end thrust of 250kN. Find

(b) the maximum shear stress and its plane [6]

(c) the stress, which acting alone, will produce the same maximum strain. Take

poisson’s ratio = 0.3 [4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and

Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

vertical bar 4m long and 8 cm2 in section. If the maximum instantaneous extension

is found to be 0.42 cm, find the corresponding stress and the value of the unknown

weight. E = 200 kN/mm2 . [16]

diameter and 30 mm inner diameter. Both the rod and tube are 450 mm long. The

compound rod is held between two stops which are exactly 450 mm apart and the

temperature of the bar is raised by 700 C.

(a) Find the stresses in the rod and tube if the distance between the stops is

increased by 0.30 mm.

(b) Find the increase in the distance between the stops if the force exerted between

them is 90 kN

Eb = 90kN/mm2 ; αb = 2.1 × 10−5 per 0 C [16]

3. A beam of span 10m is simply supported at two points 6m apart with equal over-

hang on either side. Both the overhanging portions are loaded with a uniformly

distributed load of 2 kN/m run and the beam also carries a concentrated load of

10 kN at the midspan. Construct the SF and BM diagrams and locate the points

of inflexion, if any. [16]

4. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

5. (a) What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr’s theorems, as applica-

ble to the slope and deflection of a beam. [6]

(b) A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at

the free end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum

deflection due to this loading. [10]

6. (a) Prove that the tendency to burst length wise is twice as great as a transverse

section in a thin cylindrical shell subjected to an internal fluid pressure. [8]

(b) A thin cylindrical shell 3 m long is of 1 m diameter. Determine the changes

in length and diameter, if the shell is subjected to an internal pressure of 20

N/mm.2 . Take E = 200 kN/mm2 and 1/m = 0.28. [8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 2

7. Derive an expression for the major and minor principal stresses on an oblique

plane, when the body is subjected to direct stresses in two mutually perpendicular

directions accompanied by a shear stress. [16]

8. (a) Derive an equation for the deflection of an open coiled helical spring. [8]

(b) Find the maximum permissible axial load for a closely coiled helical spring

made out of 10 mm square rod with 16 coils of 12 cm mean diameter if the

maximum shear stress is limited to 300 N/mm2 , calculate also the deflection

under the load if N=0.84×105 N/mm2 . [8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and

Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Draw stress - strain diagram for mild steel. Indicate salient points and define

them. [8]

2. Prove that Poisson’s ratio for the material of a body is 0.5, if its volume does not

change when stressed. Prove also that Poisson’s ratio is zero when there is no

lateral deformation when a member is axially stressed. [16]

3. Calculate the value of ‘a’ so that the maximum positive bending moment is equal

to the maximum bending moment for the beam as shown in the Figure1. Draw the

BMD using the calculated value of ‘a’. [16]

Figure 1:

4. (a) Find the dimensions of the strongest rectangular beam that can be cut out of

a log of wood 2.6m diameter. [8]

(b) A T-beam having flange 160mm × 20mm and web 20mm × 170mm is simply

supported over a span of 6.5m. It carries a u.d.l of 6kN/m including self weight

over its entire span, together with a point load of 40kN at mid span. Find the

maximum tensile and compressive stresses occurring in the beam section and

sketch the stresses across the section. [8]

5. (a) A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an in-

termediate point. Deduce an expression for the deflection and hence calculate

the deflection at the point of application of the moment. [8]

(b) A beam of length L carries a uniformly distributed load w/unit length and

rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much

the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressures on

the three supports shall be equal. [8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 3

6. The cylindrical shell made of steel is having a diameter of 3 m and the shell is

subjected to an internal pressure of 1.5 N/mm2 . Longitudinal joint efficiency of

the shell is 85%, ultimate tensile strength of the steel plate is 480 N/mm2 and the

factor of safety is 5. Determine the thickness of the shell plate. [16]

7. Derive an expression for the shear stress produced in a circular shaft which is

subjected to torsion. What are the assumptions made in the above derivation ?

[16]

450kW at 4/3 Hz. There is, at the same time, a bending moment of 30kN-m and

an end thrust of 250kN. Find

(b) the maximum shear stress and its plane [6]

(c) the stress, which acting alone, will produce the same maximum strain. Take

poisson’s ratio = 0.3 [4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and

Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) A steel bar 1.6 m long is acted upon by forces as shown in the Figure1. Find

the elongation of the bar. Take E = 2.1×108 KN/m2 . [10]

Figure 1:

2. (a) Derive the relationship between the three moduli of elasticity. [8]

(b) Show that in a prismatic bar, the maximum stress intensity due to a suddenly

applied load is twice the stress intensity produced by the same load applied

gradually. [8]

3. (a) Device the relations among loading, shear force and bending moment in a

beam. [9]

(b) A cantilever beam AB span 6m is subjected to a uniformly varying load of 8

kN/m intensity at the fixed end A and zero at the free end B. draw SFD and

BMD. [7]

4. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

5. (a) What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr’s theorems, as applica-

ble to the slope and deflection of a beam. [6]

(b) A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at

the free end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum

deflection due to this loading. [10]

6. A 2.4 m internal diameter and 6 m high vertical steam boiler is constructed with

20 mm thick plates for a working pressure of 1.1 N/mm2 . The end plates are flat

and are not stayed. Calculate

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 4

(a) the stress in the circumferential plates due to resisting the bursting effect and

the stress in the circumferential plate due to the pressure on the end plates.

[8]

(b) the increase in length, diameter and volume. [8]

7. Direct stresses of 120 N/mm2 tension and 90 N/mm2 compression are applied to an

elastic material at a certain point, on planes at right angles. The greater principal

stress is limited to 150N/mm2 . What shearing stress may be applied to the given

planes and what will be the maximum shearing stress at the point ? Work from

the first principals. [16]

8. (a) Derive an expression for the angle of twist in the case of a member of circular

cross section subjected to torsional moment. [6]

(b) A solid steel shaft has to transmit 75 kW power at 200 r.p.m. taking the

allowable shear stress as 70 N/mm2 , find a suitable diameter for the shaft if

the maximum torque transmitted in each revolution exceeds the mean by 30%.

[10]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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