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SULIT ASMIl

4531/1
Physics
Paper 1
August
2013
1 %jam
PENTAKSIRAN SUMATIF 3
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2013
PHYSICS
PAPER 1
1 Hour 15 Minutes
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TOLD TO DO SO
All candidates are advised to refer to the given information on page.
This booklet consists of 31 pages
TERENGGANU NEGERI ANJUNG ILMU
Dibiayai oleh:
Kerajaan Negeri Terengganu
Dicetak Oleh:
Percetakan Yayasan Islam Terengganu Sdn. Bhd.
Tel: 609-666 8611/6652/8601 Faks: 609-666 0611/0063
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Name
Form:
PHYSICS
Kertas 2
Ogos 2013
2-jam
PENTAKSIRAN SUMATIF 3
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2013
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1. Tuliskan nama dan tingkatan anda dalam
ruang yang disediakan
2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa
3. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat
pada halaman 30.
Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa
Bahagian Soalan
Markah
Penuh
Markah
Diperoleh
A
1 4
2 5
3 6
4 7
5 8
6 8
7 10
8 12
B
9 20
10 20
C
11 20
12 20
Jumlah
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 28halaman bercetak
TERENGGANU NEGERI ANJUNG ILMU
Dibiayai oleh:
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Dicetak Oleh:
Percetakan Yayasan Islam Terengganu Sdn. Bhd.
Tel: 609-666 8611/6652/8601 Faks: 609-666 0611/0063
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SULIT 4531/3
Nama :
No. Kad Pengenalan :
Tingkatan :
PENTAKSIRAN SUMATIF 3
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2013
PHYSICS
FIZIK
Paper 3
Kertas 3
One hour and thirty minutes
Satu jam lima belas minit
DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL TOLD
JANGANBUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1. Write your name, identity card numbers andform inthespace provided
Tidiskan nama, nombor kad pengenalan dan tingkatan anda pada ruangyang disediakan
2 Candidate is required to read information on page 14.
Ca/on dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 14.
Kertassoalan ini mengandungi 14halaman bercetak
TERENGGANU NEGERI ANJUNG ILMU
Dibiayai oleh:
Kerajaan Negeri Terengganu
Dicetak Oleh:
Percetakan Yayasan Islam Terengganu Sdn. Bhd.
Tel: 609-666 8611/6652/8601 Faks: 609-666 0611/0063
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Section A
Bahagian A
[28 marks]
[28 markah]
Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.
Time suggestion in this section is 60 minutes
Masa yang dicadangkan untukmenjawab bahagian ini ialah 60 minit.
A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the volume, V, of a
gas and its pressure, P.
Diagram 1.1 shows the setup apparatus that were prepared.
Seorangpelajar menjalankan satueksperimen untuk menyiasat hubungan antara isipadu suatu
gas V, dengan tekanannya, P.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunanradas yang disediakan.
Bourdon gauge
Tolok Bourdon
syringe
picagari
Diagram 1.1 I Rajah 1.1
A Bourdon gauge is used to measure the pressure of gas, P.
Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6show the reading, of the Bourdon gaugecorrespondent to
volume of the gas.
Satu tolok Bourdon digunakan untuk mengukur tekanan gas itu, P.
Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, \.5dan 1.6menunjukkan bacaan tolok Bourdonyang sepadan dengan
isipadu gas tersebut
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Diagram 1.2 / Rajah 1.2
Diagram 1.3 / Rajah 1.3
Diagram 1.4 / Rajah 1.4
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Volume of gas = 14.4 cm"
Isipadugas = 14.3 cm
Volume of gas = 5.6 cm"
Isipadugas = 5.6 cm
Volume of gas = 2.6 cm'
Isipadu gas =2.6 cm
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Diagram 1.5 / Rajah 1.5
Volume of gas = 2.2 cm3
Isipadu gas = 2.2cm3
Volume of gas = 1.6 cnr
Isipadu gas = 1.6 cm
Diagram 1.6 / Rajah 1.6
(a) For the experiment described on page 2 identity:
Bagi eksperimenyang diterangkan pada halaman 2, kenal pasti:
(i) The manipulated variable
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan
(ii) The responding variable
Pembolehubah bergerak balas
(in) The constant variable
Pembolehubah dimalarkan
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[ 1 mark / markah]
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(b) (i) Basedon Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 determine and record the pressureol
the gas, P.
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5dan 1.6tentukan dantekanan gas itu.P.
(ii) For each value of V, calculate 1
V.
Tabulate your data for all values of V, P, and I in the space provided
V
Bagi setiap nilai V, hitung /
V
Jadualkan data anda bagi semuanilai V, P dan 7 dalamruang
V
yang disediakan
[7 marks / markah]
(c) On the graph paper, draw a graph of P against \
V
Pada kertasgraf, lukis graf P melawan J_
V
(d) Based on the graph in 1(c), state the relationship between P and V.
Berdasarkangrafdi 1(c), nyatakanhubunganantara P dan V.
[5 marks / markah]
1 mark/ markah]
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Graph of P against 1
V
Graf P melawan l_
V
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Astudent carries out anexperiment to investigate the relationship between the wavelength, X
and distance two consecutive bright fringe, x for monochromatic light. The studenl use double
slit experiment. Firstly the student located an orange filter in front of single slii where iis
wavelength, Xis 0.000590 mm. The distance between double slit and screen is arranged until
the interference pattern observed. The experiment wasrepeated 4 times with yellow filter (X
= 0.000570 mm), green filter (X = 0.000510 mm), cyanfilter (X = 0.000475 mm) and violet
filter (X = 0.000400 mm). The result is shown on the graph x against X.
Seorangpelajar menjalankan eksperimen untuk menyiasat hubungan antara panjang
gelombang, Xdanjarak dalam pinggir cerah berturutan, x bagi cahaya-cahaya
monokromatik. Pelajar itu menggunakan eksperimen dwi celah dengan meletakkan penuras
jingga dihadapan celah tunggal di mana panjang gelombangnya ialah 0.000590 mm. Jarak
dwi celah dengan skrin dilaraskan sehingga corak inteferen kelihatan. Jarakpinggir cerah
diukur. Eksperimen diulang 4 kali dengan menggunakan penuras kuning (X = 0.000570
mm), hjau (X = 0.000510 mm), biru(X = 0.000475 mm) dan ungu (X = 0.000400 mm).
Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam grafx lawan X.
x /mm
Graph ofx against X.
Grafx lawan X.
Diagram 2/ Rajah 2
>./mm
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(a) Based on the graph in Diagram 2, determine the value of x when red filter is used
where its wavelength, Xis 0.000650 mm.
Show on your graph, how you determine the value of x.
Berdasarkan grafdalam Rajah 2, tentukan nilaix bila penuras merah digunakan
dimana panjang gelombangnya, Xialah 0.000650 mm. Tunjukkan di atasgrafanda
bagaimana anda menentukan nilai x.
[3 marks / markah]
(b) What will happen to the value of x, if the wavelength, Xincrease?
Apakah yang akan berlaku terhadap nilai x.jikapanjang gelombang, Xbertambah?
bertambah
(c) (i) Calculate the gradient, A'and its unit
Show on the graph how you determine value of k.
Kirakankecerunan, k dan unitnya
Tunjukkan di atas grafbagaimana nilai k ditentukan
k =.
[1 mark / markah]
[3 marks / markah]
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(ii) If the distance between the double slit and screen is 4 m, calculate the
separation of two slit, by using equation
ka = D
Jikajarak antara dwi celah dan skrin ialah 4 m, kirakanjarakpemisah
antara dua celah, a dengan menggunakanpersamaan
ka = D
[3 marks / markah]
(iii) If the magnitude of Ddecrease, what happen to the distance between two
consecutive bright fringe, x?
Jika magnitud D dikurangkan, apakah yang berlaku padajarakpinggir
cerah berturutan, x?
[ 1 mark / markah]
(e) State oneprecaution that should be taken to improved the results of theexperiment.
Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yangperlu diambil untuk memperbaiki
keputusan eksperimen
1 mark / markah]
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10
Section B
Bahagian B
[ 12 marks]
[12 markah]
Answer any one from this section
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan dari bahagianin
The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes.
Masayang dicadangkan untuk menjawab bahagian ini ialah30 minit.
Diagram 3.1 shows a worker drill the hardsurface by usinga drilling machine.
Diagram 3.2 show the worker drill at the same surface but he used smaller drill bit.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan seorangpekerja menggerudi satu permukaan keras dengan
menggunakan mesingerudi
Rajah 3.2menunjukkan pekerja itu menggerudi permukaan yangsama tetapi menggunakan mata
gerudi yang lebih kecil
Drilling
machine
drill bit
mata gerudi
j^
Diagram 3.1/ Rajah 3.
Based on the information and observation:
Berdasarkanmaklumat danpemerhatian itu:
(a) State one suitable inference.
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.
(b) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakansatu hipotesis yang sesuai.
Drilling
machine
Diagram 3.2 I Rajah3.2
drill bit
mata gerudi
[1 mark / markah]
[1 mark / markah]
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(c) With the use of apparatus such asa plasticine , weight and other apparatus, describe one
experiment to investigate the hypothesis statedin 3(b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti plastesin, pemberat dan radas lain, terangkan satu
eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yangdinyatakan di 3(b).
In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan denganjelasperkara berikut:
(i) The aim of the experiment.
Tujuaneksperimen.
(ii) The variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.
(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.
Senarai radas dan bahan.
(iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.
Susunan radas.
(v) The procedure of theexperiment which should include one method of controlling
themanipulated variable and one method of measuring theresponding variable.
Prosedur eksperimenyang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah
dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.
(vi) The way to tabulate the data.
Cara untuk menjadualkan data.
(vii) The way to analyse the data.
Cara untuk menganalisis data. [10 marks / markah]
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12
Diagram 4(a)(i) shows the a fan blade rotate faster than Diagram 4(a)(ii). Diagram 4(a)(ii) and
Diagram 4(b)(ii) shows the different numberof speedcontrol.
Rajah 4(a)(i) menunjukkan putaran bilah kipas lebih laju daripada Rajah 4(b)(1). Rajah
4(a)(ii) dan Rajah 4(b)(ii) menunjukkan perbezaan nombor kelajuan yangdigunakan.
Diagram 4(a)(i)
Rajah 4(a)(1)
Diagram 4(b)(i)
Rajah 4(b) (i)
Diagram 4(a)(ii)
Rajah 4(a) (ii)
Diagram 4(b)(ii)
Rajah 4(b)(ii)
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(c) With the use ofapparatus such asa plasticine , weight and other apparatus, describe one
experiment to investigate thehypothesis stated in3(b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti plastesin, pemberat dan radas lain, terangkan satu
eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yangdinyatakan di 3(b).
In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan denganjelas perkara berikut:
(i) The aim of the experiment.
Tujuan eksperimen.
(ii) The variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.
(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.
Senarai radas dan bahan.
(iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.
Susunan radas.
(v) Theprocedure of theexperiment which should include onemethod of controlling
themanipulated variable and onemethod of measuring theresponding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen yangmesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah
dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.
(vi) The way to tabulate the data.
Cara untuk menjadualkan data.
(vii) The way to analyse the data.
Cara untuk menganalisis data. [10 marks / markah]
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'12
Diagram 4(a)(i) shows the a fan blade rotate faster than Diagram 4(a)(ii). Diagram 4(a)(ii) and
Diagram 4(b)(ii) shows the different number of speed control.
Rajah 4(a)(i) menunjukkan putaran bilah kipas lebih laju daripada Rajah 4(b)(i). Rajah
4(a)(ii) dan Rajah 4(b)(ii) menunjukkan perbezaan nombor kelajuan yang digunakan.
Diagram 4(a)(i)
Rajah 4(a)(1)
Diagram 4(b)(i)
Rajah 4(b)(1)
Diagram 4(a)(ii)
Rajah 4(a) (ii)
Diagram 4(b)(ii)
Rajah 4(b)(ii)
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Base on the observation above and your knowledge of electromagnet:
Berdasarkan pemerhatian di atas dan pengetahuan anda mengenai elektromagnet:
(a) State one suitable inference.
Nyatakansatu inferensyang sesuai.
[ 1 mark II markah]
(a) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakansatu hipotesis yang sesuai.
[ 1 mark // markah]
(c) With the use of apparatus such as magnet, copper rod andotherapparatus, describe
an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b)
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti magnet, rodkuprum dan radas-radas lain,
terangkan satu rangka kerja ekperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang anda
nyatakan dalam 4(b)
In your description, state clearly the following :
Dalampenerangan andajelaskan perkara berikut
(i) Aim of the experiment.
Tujuan eksperimen.
(ii) Variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubahyang terlibat.
(iv) The list of apparatus and materials.
Senarai radas dan bahan
(iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.
Susunan radas.
(v) The procedure of the experiment which include the methodof controllingthe
manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawalpembolehubah
dimanipulasikan dankaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.
(vi) The way you would tabulate the data.
Penjadualan data.
(vii) The way you would analyse the data.
Cara menganalisis data.
[ 10 marks / markah]
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END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON
1 This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi duabahagian : Bahagian A danBahagian B.
2 Answer all question in Section A. Write your answers in the spaces provided in
the question paper.
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Jawapan kepada Bahagian A hendaklah ditulis
dalamruangyang disediakan dalamkertas soalan.
3 Answer one question fromSection B and detail. You answer must clear and logic. You can use
equations, diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer.
Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan terperinci. Jawapan mestilahjelas dan logik.
Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan, gambar rajahjadualgraf dan caralainyangsesuai
untuk menjelaskanjawapan anda.
4 If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatujawapan, buatkan garisan di atasjawapan
itu.
5 The diagram in the question provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skalakecuali dinyatakan.
6 The marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiapsoalanatau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan.
7 You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifikyang tidak diprogramkan. Walau
bagaimanapun, langkah mengiraperlu ditunjukkan.
8 The time suggested to answer Section A is 60 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes.
Masayang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit, Bahagian B ialah30
minit.
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pIZlK.
PENTAKSIRAN SUMATIF 3 SPM TAHUN 2013
MARK SCHEME
KERTAS 1
1
D
26 A
2 D
27
C
3 B
28
C
4 C
29
D
5 B
30
A
6 B
31
A
7
C 32
C
8
D 33 C
9
A 34 D
10
D
35 D
11
C 36 C
12 A
37 B
13 C
38 A
14 B 39 C
15 A 40
A
16 A
41 B
17
C
42 B
18 C
43 B
19 c
44 A
20 D
45 D
21
C 46 C
22
D 47
B
23 D
48 B
24 D 49
C
25
C 50
D
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KERTAS 2
QUESTION 1
Section Mark Answer
Note
(a)
1 Concave mirror
(b)
1 Reflection
(c)
1 Magnified // Upright // Virtual
Reject : If answer more
than one and contradict
(d)
1 Decrease // same size as object
TOTAL 4
QUESTION 2
Section Mark
Answer
Note
(a)
1 Diffraction
(b)
1
1
[
]
')
J
)
J
1 - Correct patteren
2- Wavelength no
changed
(c)
1
1
20
1.5 cm
1- Correct substitution
2- Answer with correct
unit
TOTAL 4
QUESTION 3
Section Mark
(a)
(b)
(c)
TOTAL
Answer
Bourdon gauge
Kinetic energy// velocity// speed of air molecules
increase
Frequency collision between air molecules and
wall of the flask increase // change of momentum
increase // force increase // pressure increase
15+273//37+273//288//310
2.7xI05
288
2.9063 xlO5 Pa
_5l
310
Note
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QUESTION 4
Section Mark Answer Note
(a)
1 Beam of electron moving at high speed // fast
moving electron
(b)(i)
1
Cafla
Sine
ode ray
\r Katod
(b)(ii)
1
Cathode ray has negatively charged // unlike
charges between cathode ray and plate produces
force of attraction
(b)(iii) Increase
The strength of electric field increase //force
increase
(c)(ii)
-x9xl0-31xv2=4.5xl0-16
2
v = 3.1623 jdO'ms"1
TOTAL
QUESTION 5
Section
(a)
(b)(0
(ii)
(iii)
(c)(0
(ii)
(d)
(e)
1
Tot/Jum : 8
Answer
Theproperty of a material return to itsoriginal state after an
applied external force is removed.
Spring N is thicker than spring M.
Distanceof bouncingball in Diagram 5.2 is greater / higher
than in Diagram 5.1.
Elastic potential energy stored inspring N is greater thanin
spring M
The greaterthe elastic potential energy, thegreater the
distance of bouncing ball.
Thegreater thethickness of a spring, thegreater theelastic
potential energy stored.
As the thickness of the spring increases, the elastic potential
energy stored inthespring increases // ... .directly
proportional // The greater.
Elastic potential energy of the springs changes to kinetic
energy of the balls.
Note
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QUESTION 6
Section Mark
(a)
(b)(i)
(b)(ii)
(c)
(d)(i)
TOTAL
QUESTION 7
Answer
Ohm's law
Resistance
Gradient 6.2 > 6.3//Gradient 6.2 >
Diameter 6.2 < 6.3// Diameter 6.2
Cross sectional area 6.2 < 6.3// Cross sectional area
6.2<
Inversely proportional // increases , decreases
Decrease//smaller/small//lower///low
Resistance decrease
Note
Accept: vice
versa
Section Mark
Answer
Note
(a)
1
Angle of incidence when refrection angle is 90
(b)
1
1
Ray inside the glass block refracted towards the
normal
Ray in air again parallel to the AO
A ._.__.
(c)(i)
1
1
1
sin 42
1.49
(c)(ii)
1 Increase
(d)(i)
1
1
450-900-450//450-450-907/900-450-457/45-900
//90-457/45-457/ Diagram
Angle of incidence > critical angle // the ray of
light canpassing through both of the prism // total
internal reflection occur//ray of light does not
refract to the side of prism
(d)(ii)
1
1
The prisms are replaced at the position of the
mirrors respectively // The prisms is located at
upper corner and lower corner of the box
respectively// The angle 90 of the prism at the
corner // diagram
Angle of incidence > critical angle // the ray of
light can passing through both of the prism // total
internal reflection occur//ray of light does not
refract to the side of prism
TOTAL 8
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QUESTION 8
Section mark
Answer
Note
(a) (0
1 Archimedes principle
(ii)
1
2
Sea water filled ballast tank
The weight of submarine bigger//
Buoyant force < Weight ofthe submarine
(b)
1
2
V = 0.2 x 0.8
- 0.16 m3
(c) (i)
(c) (ii)
(c) (iii)
(c) (iv)
1,2
1,2
1,2
1
Characteristics
Reason
More number of air
tanks cylinder carried
Can stay longer time
under the water /
Can rise and
submerge many
times / more air
supply for
respiration of crews
Can withstand higher
maximum water
pressure
Safe when the
submarine submerge
very deep in the sea /
The body will not
break due to high
water pressure
aerodynamic
Reduce water
Resistant
Submarine x
Total 12m
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QUESTION 9
Section
Answer
Note
(a)
1 Principle of thermal equilibrium of heat
(b)
1 - The amount of heat energy is the same
1
- c of Diagram 9.1(a) is greater than Diagram9.1(b)
1
- Temperaturein diagram 9.1(a) is greater than in
Diagram 9.1(b)
1
- the rate of heat loss in Diagram 9.1(b) is greater than in
Diagram 9.1(a)
1
- the smaller the c ofcontainer, the greater the rate of
heat loss
(c)
1
- initially, more heat flow fromwater to the container
than from container to the water
1
- nett heat flow is from water to the containers
1
- when thermal equilibrium is reached
1 - nett heat flow is zero.
- the temperature of water = temperature ofcontainer
(d)
Aspects
Reasons
high specific capacity of
small change in
1,2 inner box
temperature // keep hot
longer time.
material X made of good
prevent heat from flow out
3,4
5,6
7,8
9,10
heat insulator
Low density of material X
Low mass // light
Low density of outer box
Low mass // light
shiny colour of outer box
Reflect heat from outside
20
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QUESTION 10
Section
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
1,2
3,4
5,6
7,8
9,10
Tot/Jum : 20
Flemming left hand rule
Thereading of ammeter in Diagram 10.2 > in Diagram 10.1
Angle of deflection of copper wire coil in Diagram 10.2 > in
Diagram 10.1
The strength of magnetic field in Diagram 10. land Diagram
10.2 is the same
The bigger the reading of ammeter the bigger the deflection
of copper wire coil
The bigger the magnitude of current, the bigger the force on
current carrying conductor
Current flow incopper coil produce magnetic field
And interact with magnetic field of permanent magnet
Produce catapult field
And force on copper coil
Suggestion / Modification
Explanation /Reason
Many number of turns of
coil
Increase the strength of
magnetic field produced
Soft iron core
To concentrate the magnetic
field line
Curve magnet
To produce radial magnetic
field
Lower stiffness
The pointer easy to deflect
Strip mirror under the
pointer // Has adjustment
screw
Avoid parallax error // to
correct the zero error
Note
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QUESTION 11
Section
(a)(i)
1
(a)(ii)
(b)
(c)(i)
(c)(ii)
Tot/Jum : 20
Answer
State the principle of conservation ofmomentum correctly
Total momentum of a system is always constant if there is
no external force acting on the system.
State the explanation correctly
Combustion fuel in compressed air, thehot gases is forces
out through blades of turbine.
The exhaust gases emerge from the jet engine at high
velocity.
The exhaust gases have been given high momentum.
As total momentumconserved, equal amount of momentum
acted in forward direction.
The jet engine (and whole air craft) experiences a forward
force / thrust.
Statethecharacteristics andexplanation correctly
Fuel used is kerosene.
Lighter and easy to increase acceleration // Easy to obtain
hot gases incombustion chamber.
High melting poin
Not easilyto melt // withstand high temperature.
Large no of blade
Rate of compression of air higher
Large sizeof combustion chamber
High mass of exhaust gases can be emerged.
Statethe choiceandgive thereason correctly
The most suitable structure ofjet engine is R
Fuel used is kerosene, high melting, large noof blades and
large sizeof combustion chamber
Show the calculation correctly
Greatest force provided by all engines working together,
F= 4x250,000 // 1000,000 N
Substitute the value correctly
F 1000,000
3 ~ w 400,000
Correct answer with unit
a - 2.5 m s""
Substitution of value correctly
v2 = tr + 2as
852 = 0 + 2(2.5)*
Correct answer with unit
s = 1445 m
Note
Maximum : 4 marks
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QUESTION 12
Q12
12(a)
12(b)
12(c)(1)
12(c)(ii)
12(c)(iii)
12(d)
Total
Answer
Semiconductor is a material with electrical conductivity better than
insulator but weaker than a conductor
- Doping process/Silicon is doped with pentavalent
atoms/Phosphorus/Antimony
- To produce covalent bond
- Increase the free electron inside the semiconductor
- Majority charge-carriers is negative electron
Vx-z=6V
V X-Y
= 6-1 =5V
VM =
R
M
KRM+*N
\x6V
5 =
R
M
tftf+1000.
x6V
5Rm 5000 = 6RM
RAf= 5000 Cl
Free
electron
- LDR is connected at base circuit
- When intensity of light is low/ dark, resistance of LDR
increases / so Vbasc is large / transistor switched on
- Terminal positive of batteries is connected to collector
- So that the transistor is forward biased
- Bulbs are arranged in parallel circuit
- All bulbs are connected to voltage supply of 95V
- Relay switch is used
- So that the secondary circuit will switch on // So that the
electromagnet will switchon the secondary circuit
- Choose A
- Because LDR is connected at base circuit, terminal positive of
batteries is connected to collector; bulbs are arranged in parallel
circuit and relay switch is used.
20 marks.
Mark
1
Note
Max
4
10
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NO
l(a)(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(b)(0
(ii)
(c)
KERTAS3
SECTION A
MARKING CRITERIA
State the manipulated variable correctly
Volume/TV
State the responding variable correctly
Pressure//P
State the constant variable correctly
Temperature/type of gas// density of gas
Record the readings of ^correctly
Diagram 1.2
Diagram 1.3
Diagram 1.4
Diagram 1.5
Diagram 1.6:
Note
1.0
2.5
5.5
6.5
8.5
1. All 5 values correct - 3 marks
2. 4 values correct - 2 marks
3. 3 values correct-1 mark
4. consistence 1 d.p
State the values of 1/V correctly
All 5 values of 1/Vcorrect
Diagram 1.2 : 0.07
Diagram 1.3 : 0.18
Diagram 1.4 : 0.39
Diagram 1.5 : 0.45
Diagram 1.6 : 0.60
Note :
1. All 5 values correct - 2 mark
2. 3 or 4 values correct - 1 mark
3. consistence two orthree d.p.
Tabulate the results for V, P,and correctly
V/cm3 P/kNm"2
\N/cm'
14.3 1.0
0.07
5.6
2.5 0.18
2.6
5.5 0.39
2.2 6.5
0.45
1.6 8.5
0.60
Table with 4 columns correctly labelled
Unit of each quantities
Max total
MARK
SUB TOTAL
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(d)
(e)
No. 2
2 (a)
(b)
(c)(i)
Draw a complete graph of P against
Give a tick {/) based on the following:
A P at the y-axis. at the x-axis
V
B Uniform scale at both axes
C 5 points plotted correctly
[Note : 4 points plottedcorrectly : ^]
D Straight line of best fit is drawn
{not trough the origin)
E Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares
(Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm)
(From the origin to the last point)
Marks awarded :
Number of S
Marks
6S 5
4-5
4
3^ 3
2^
2
1
1
State the correct relationship between sin i and sin r
P directly proportional to
Mark
Marking scheme
16
Extrapolate the line
Straight line from x-axis at X= 0.00065 mm and straight line to y-axis
at x = 5.5 mm
5.5 mm(with unit)
increase
Draw a sufficient large triangle (7 cm vertical)
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(c)(ii)
C(iii)
(e)
total
No.
(b)
Mil
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
12
Mark
* Correct substitution(followcandidate's triangle) - 2 marks
* State the value /answer with 8000 (with no unit get 1 mark)
D
k =
a
4
8000 = -
a
a=5 x 10-4m = 0.5 mm
decrease
-eye position must be perpendicular to scale,
-carry out the experiment in dark room.
Answer
Inference : Pressure depends on surface area
Hypothesis : If the surface area increases, the pressure decrease
Aim: To investigate therelationship between pressure and surface area
Variables:
Manipulated : surface area
Responding : pressure
Constant Variable : Force// type of palstecine
List of apparatus : 5wooden rod, weight, plasticine and meter ruler
Arrangement of apparatus:
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weight
Pressur
^ wooden rod
r
s
plastecine
(v)
1
Control of manipulated variable:
Set up the apparatus as shown on the diagram
Record the surface area of the wooden rod example x cm
1
Measurement of responding variable:
Put weight on the wooden rod
Read and record the depth of the hole of plastecine.
1
Repeat the experiment 4times with the difference surface area ofwooden
rod.
(vi)
Tabulation of data
Surface area /cm'z
Depth/ cm
x,
x2
x3
x4
x5
Terimajikataktulis unit
(vii)
1
Analysis of data.
Plot the graph of Pressure against surface areaOR
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Pressure
Surface area
Accept the symbols PandA ifthe meaning is mentions before
12
Section Mark
Answer
4(a) 1
State a suitable inference
Speedof fan influenced of current/
Resistance of conductor influenced of length.
4(b) 1
State relevant hypothesis (with direction)
If lenethof conductor increase, the resistance increase.
4(c)
Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework (10 marks)
4c(i)
1 State the aim of the exnerimentfMl)
ToJnvftstignfe the relationship between length and resistance
4c (ii) 1
1
State the manipulated variable and the responding variable(TVI2)
Manipulated variable : length
Responding variable : resistance
State the constant variable (M3)
Constant variable : diameter/type of conductor/temperature/resistivity
4 c(iii) 1
List out the important apparatus and materials (M4)
Dry cell, ammeter, voltmeter, constantan wire and meter ruler.
4 c(iv) 1
State a function able arrangement of the apparatus (M5)
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4c(v)
4 c(vi)
4c(vii)
4c(viii)
4c(ix)
TOTAL 12
^vy-^.
Constantan
wire
State the method of controlling the manipulated variable (M6)
Experiment started by using a constantan wire length of 20 cm .
State the method of measuring the responding variable (M7)
-Switched on the switch and recordthe reading of ammeter, I, and
voltmeter, V
. V
-Calculate the resistance , R =
Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with different values (M8)
Repeat the experiment 4times with different length ofconstantan wire such as
30 cm, 40 cm , 50 cm and 60 cm.
Tabulate the data (M9)
Length/cm
Resistance/Q
20
30
40
50
60
[State how data will be analysed (sketch graph/statement) (M10)
Plot graph Resistance against length
Alternative answer for no 4
1 Magnitude ofthe force on acurrent-carrying conductor in amagnitude field with the
magnitude of the current
i No.4
Mark
Marking scheme
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4 (a)
(b)
Mil
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(vi)
(vii)
Inference : the speed/frequencyof fan blade depends on current
Hypothesis : If the current increases, the speed/frequency ofblade
increases
Aim: To investigate the relationship between current and frequency
Variables
Manipulated : current
Responding : frequency
I <-- . I X. '
Constant Variable : strength of magnet / no of turn / diameter of coil
List of apparatus : direct current motor model, transformer,ammeter,
rheostat, stroboscope and a piece of paper
Arrangement of apparatus:
dnwm de
hiijui)gri>
bcrfobai
Control of manipulated variable:
Adjust therheostat and record ammeter reading, example 0.1 A
Measurement of responding variable:
Detennine and record thefrequency of motor by using stroboscope and
piece of paper
Repeat theexperiment 4 times with thedifferent voltage.
Tabulation of data
Potential difference, V/V
Frequency, f/Hz
10
12
Analysis of data.
Plot the graph of speed against potential difference OR
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12
speed'' frequency
* potential
difference
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