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1

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2005

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

(Electronics & Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain how microwave engineering is different from low frequency electronic

engineering.

(b) Derive an expression for the power output and efficiency of a two cavity Kly-

stron? What is the maximum efficiency that can be obtained?. [8+8]

2. (a) Discuss the role of Helix in TWT amplifier with the help of its Brillouin

diagram.

(b) A traveling wave tube operates under the following parameters.Beam

Voltage Vo = 3 KV, Io = 30 mA, Characteristic impedance of helix Zo = 10Ω,

Circuit length (N) = 50, Frequency f = 10 GHz. Determine:

i. the gain parameter

ii. output power gain in decibels.. [8+8]

3. (a) Describe how microwave frequencies are generated in a magnetron tube with

neat sketches.

(b) What is Π mode? What are the various modes that are possible in a mag-

netron. [8+8]

(b) Write short notes on “Parametric Amplifier”. [8+8]

5. (a) A rectangular wave-guide has a cross section of 1.5 cm x 0.8 cm, σ=0, µ= µ0

and ∈= 4∈0 . The

magnetic

field component is given as

πx 3πy 11

Hx = 2Sin a cos b Sin (π × 10 t − β z) A/m

Determine

i. The mode of operation

ii. The cut off frequency

iii. The phase constant

iv. The propagation constant

v. The wave impedance.

(b) Write short notes on “Rectangular resonant Cavity”. [10+6]

6. (a) Draw a neat sketch of magic T-junction. Imagine that a source is connected

to arm ‘P’, and arm ‘S’ is match terminated. Arms 1 and 2 are terminated in

reflection coefficients of 0.2 and 0.3 respectively. What is the VSWR seen by

the source?

1 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 1

(b) Draw the H-plane Tee junction and explain its properties. [8+8]

(b) Gyrator and its applications. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain how you measure VSWR of given load for all kinds of loads possible.

(b) Give the measurement procedure of Q factor of a resonant cavity. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2005

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

(Electronics & Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

jωCgk , considering the inter electrode capacitances, lead inductance.

(b) Describe the mechanism of velocity modulation in a two cavity Klystron and

hence obtain an expression for the bunched beam current? [8+8]

2. (a) What is a slow wave structure? Explain and differentiate between different

structures.

(b) Explain the working principle of TWT amplifier.. [8+8]

(b) Explain Hatree conditions. Derive the voltage under this condition for linear

magnetron. [6+10]

4. (a) What are the properties of parametric up converter and down converter?

What are their applications?

(b) Explain the principle and working of a GUNN diode oscillator? Give a neat

sketch of the oscillator at X-band. [8+8]

5. (a) Derive the expressions for cutoff frequency, phase constant, group velocity,

phase velocity and wave impedance in rectangular wave guide, for TE modes.

(b) An air filled circular waveguide is to be operated at a frequency of 6 GHz and

is to have dimensions such that fc=0.8f for the dominant mode.

Determine

i. The diameter of the guide

ii. Guide wave length and

iii. Phase velocity in the guide [10+6]

coupler.

(b) A 20-mw signal is fed into the series arm of a loss less Magic Tee junction. Cal-

culate the power delivered through each port when other ports are terminated

in matched load. [8+8]

7. (a) Explain how a magic Tee can be use for a circulator configuration with neat

sketches.

1 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 2

(b) Ten watts is applied to the input of a coupler whose output end is terminated

in a matched load. The auxiliary output is found to be 100 milli watts. When

10 watts is applied to the output end of the coupler and the input is terminated

in a matched load, the auxiliary output is found to be 10µ watts, find both

the coupling and directivity. Define the parameter involved. [8+8]

able microwave bench setup.

(b) Calculate VSWR of a rectangular guide of 2.3cm x 1.0 cm operating at 8 GHz.

The distance between twice minimum power points is 0.09 cm. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2005

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

(Electronics & Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Compare “Drift space bunching” and “Reflector bunching” with the help of

Applegate diagrams.

(b) A reflex Klystron operates at the peak of n=1 or 3/4 mode. The dc power

input is 40mW and ratio of V1 to V0 is 0.278.

i. Determine the efficiency of the Reflex Klystron Oscillator

ii. Find the total power output in mW.

iii. If 20% of the power delivered by the electron beam is dissipated in the

cavity walls, find the power delivered to the load.. [6+10]

2. (a) Explain the characteristics of slow wave structures used in traveling wave

tubes. Why is helix preferred?

(b) Backward wave oscillator is a voltage controlled oscillator. Justify this state-

ment.. [8+8]

(b) A cylindrical magnetron is operated at 5 GHz with a= 3 cm, b= 5 cm, N=16,

V0 = 20KV, B0 = 0.05 T calculate hull cut off voltage and cut off magnetic

flux density and Hatree voltages. [8+8]

4. (a) Explain the GUNN effect in semiconductor devices. Discuss how it leads to

negative resistance and hence oscillations at Microwave frequency.

(b) Write short notes on “IMPATT diode”. [8+8]

5. (a) Show that the TEM, TM01 and TM10 modes in a rectangular wave-guide do

not exist.

(b) Discuss the merits and demerits of circular wave guide over rectangular wave

guide. [10+6]

6. (a) What is magic Tee? Describe the properties of magic Tee, giving its S-Matrix.

(b) Show a wave-guide with cylindrical post and describe its behaviour. How can

it be used, when it is inserted half way into the wave-guide? [10+6]

7. (a) Determine the S parameters for a 10dB directional coupler. The directivity

is 30 dB. Assume that directional coupler is lossless and the VSWR at each

port is 1.0 under matched conditions.

(b) Explain the Faraday rotation in Ferrites in detail. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 3

8. (a) Explain VSWR measurement procedure in microwave laboratory with a suit-

able microwave bench setup.

(b) Calculate VSWR of a rectangular guide of 2.3cm x 1.0 cm operating at 8 GHz.

The distance between twice minimum power points is 0.09 cm. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2005

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

(Electronics & Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss in detail about lead inductance and inter electrode capacitance effects

of conventional tubes at microwave frequencies.

(b) What is electronic Admittance? Discuss its significance and the mode patterns

of Reflex Klystron Oscillator. [8+8]

2. (a) What are the desirable properties of slow wave structures to be used in TWT

amplifiers.

(b) Draw a neat sketch of traveling wave tube and explain its principle of operation

with bunching diagrams.. [8+8]

3. (a) Explain how magnetron is different from Reflex Klystron both being oscilla-

tors.

(b) Explain about Hull cut off voltage and Hull cut off magnetic flux density in a

circular magnetron. [8+8]

(b) An N type Ga As GUNN diode has the following specification

Threshold field: 3KV/m

Applied field 3.5KV/m

Device length 10 micrometers

Doping Constant 1014 electron/ Cm3

Operating freq. 10 GHz

Calculate the current density and (-Ve) electron mobility in the device, ex-

plaining the relations used. [6+10]

5. (a) Starting with the equation for the propagation constant of a mode in a rec-

tangular wave guide, Derive the expression λ = √ λgλc

2 2

λg +λc

Where λg is the guide wave length and λc is the cutoff wave length

(b) An air filled rectangular wave guide has dimensions of 0.9” x 0.4” and is

supporting T E10 mode at a frequency of 9800 MHz. Calculate the wave guide

impedance. Calculate the percentage change in this impedance for a 10%

increase in the operating frequency. [8+8]

6. (a) What is magic Tee? Describe the properties of magic Tee, giving its S-Matrix.

(b) Show a wave-guide with cylindrical post and describe its behaviour. How can

it be used, when it is inserted half way into the wave-guide? [10+6]

1 of 2

Code No: RR311701 Set No. 4

7. (a) What are ferrites? What property do they have different from ordinary con-

ductors or insulators?

(b) Describe any one microwave component which make use of Faraday rotation

principle, with neat sketches. [8+8]

(b) Describe the measurement of impedance using slotted line and Smith chart.

[8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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