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Cargadores Frontales WA380/430/470-6

E t t Estructura y Funcin F i ESTRUCTURA Y FUNCION


E&F WA380,430,470-6

Distribucin de componentes en el chasis


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Vlvula del Equipo de Trabajo

Bomba

Condensador de AC Tanque Hidrulico Radiador y enfriador (lado a lado) V t propulsado Vent l d hidrulicamente con funcin de reversa

Vlv de Direccin Acc ECSS (si existe)

Relleno de combustible (Relocalizada solo para el WA380)

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Enfriamiento: Motor del ventilador de enfriamiento


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Se aadi una vlvula de seguridad

Sirve para aliviar picos de presin en bajas temperaturas y durante el arranque

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Enfriamiento: Bomba del ventilador de enfriamiento


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Diagrama del Tren de Potencia


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Diferenciales
Ejes:

WA380

WA430

WA470

WA480

Los ejes estan equipados con frenos de disco humedo y reductor planetario. Estan disponibles p en ( (TPD) )y( (LSD). ) Esta identificacion se pone en la placa.

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Diferenciales
Eje Trasero :

WA380

WA430

WA470

WA480

Sensor de Temperatura para Diferencial Eje / Trasero. La seal de sobretemperatura va hasta el Monitor .

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Diferenciales
WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

TPD o LSD muestra el tipo de Diferencial

Placa del Eje : LSD: Limited Slip Differential TPD: Torque Proportional Differential
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Eje Frontal
WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

1 Diferencial 2 Mando Final 3 Semi eje 4 Carcaza 5 Freno Multi Disco del tipo Humedo 6 Machon 7 Tapon de Nivel y Llenado de aceite 8 Tapon Drenaje

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Diferencial LSD cuando se traslada en linea recta


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1 2 9

Todas las ruedas van a la misma velocidad


10

Igual torque es transmitido al eje izquierdo y derecho. El pasador porta satelites (7) gira con la misma velocidad que la caja diferencial (10), discos y platos (1 y 2), aros de presion (8) y planetarios (5).
5

8 8 3 7

El engrane satelite montado sobre el pasador (7) no gira. Asi la transmision de torque cruza desde el engrane lateral hacia el eje.

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Operacin del LSD


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

1 2 9

10

5 8 8 3 7

1. El eje (7) esta soportado entre las superficies de levas de los anillos presion ( (8) )q que estan cara a de p cara. 2. El esfuerzo (torque) transmitido desde los anillos de presion (8) hacia el eje (7) es transmitido por las levas. 3. La Fuerza (Fa) para separar los anillos de presion (8) uno del otro es generado por la inclinacion de las levas en proporcion al torque transmitido. 4. Separating load (Fa) acts on the brake on the back side of each side gear (5) to generate braking torque.

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Operacion del Diferencial de Patinamiento Limitado


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10

Input power to the differential is divided evenly between the right and left wheels by the differential gear. When one wheel turns with less effort, than th t wheel that h l will ill t turn f faster t ( (slip), li ) surplus l driving force is transmitted to the opposite side brake (1&2) through the brake and case on the gear back side. Power is now distributed to the side that is pulling. The differential effect starts working only when this surplus portion of the drive force has exceeded the braking force. force

5 8 8 3 7

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Vlvula de Freno
WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Los pedal DER e IZQ estn unidos y cumplen la misma funcin

-6
Pedal DER Pedal IZQ

-5

Pedal DER

Pedal IZQ

Vlvula Tandem (el pedal y la vlvula estn separados) WA380,430,470-6

Vlvula Tandem (el pedal y la vlvula estn integrados) 13/32

Vlvula individual

Control de Freno
WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Puntos de cambio en el circuito de la bomba de freno


Tipo de modelos - 6
Al circuito PPC Al circuito de Freno Vlv de Carga Bomba de Carga

Tipo de modelos - 5
Al circuito PPC Al circuito de Freno Vlv de Carga
Bomba de Vent

La bomba de carga y frenos han sido integradas en una. La vlvula de carga ha sido modificada.
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Vlvula de Freno
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Puntos de cambio en la vlvula de freno

Tipo de modelos - 5

Tipo de modelos - 6

Vlv de q Freno Izq

A valv de Freno Der

Acumulador De la bomba Acumulador De la bomba

A freno trasero A freno trasero

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Valvula de Freno -6
The brake valve is installed under the cab on the left side toward the front Pressing a brake pedal conducts oil to the brake piston to apply the brakes. The left side and right side brake pedals are mechanically interlocked. Pressing one of the pedals operates the other pedal at the same time. As the brake pedal is pressed, the transmission cut-off oil pressure sensor is operated, signaling the transmission controller to set the transmission in neutral electrically.

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Circuito de control de Freno


WA380 WA430

El aceite de control de frenos proviene de la bomba de enfriamiento del ventilador

PA

Cut in : 60 kg/cm2 Cut out : 100 kg/cm2

PB

PA

PB

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Frenos
Brake is applied : When the brake pedal is pressed, pressurized oil from the brake valve presses piston (2) forward to apply the brake disk pack. Rotating inner disk (4) is pressed against fixed outer disk (3). The spring between each outer disk are compressed.

Brake is released : when the brake pedal is released, oil from the brake piston (2) flows b fl back kt to t tank k through th h th the b brake k valve. l The springs between each outer disk pushes the brake piston bake to release outer (3) and inner disk (4). The brake lining on the inner disk (4) has cross grooves to support the oil flow for cooling the brake lining.

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Frenos
Check brake disk wear : Front and rear axle housings are equipped with brake wear indicators. Method : 1. Remove cap(1). 2. Lightly press the brake pedal to the stroke end. 3. While shaft (2) is pushed in, measure projection (x) (wear volume) from guide (3) using a slide caliper T. * Keep pressing the brake pedal during measurement. * If shaft (2) is projected from the end of guide (3) to the groove on it, replace the disc. Wear (x): Max. 2.4 mm 4. After testing, return cap (1). Cap (1): 29 29.4 4 39.2 39 2 Nm {3 {3.0 0 4.0 4 0 kgm}

Brake wear indicator

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Sistema de Carga de los Acumuladores


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

P : From pump A : To cooling fan motor PPC : To PPC valve ACC1 : To brake valve port PA ACC2 : To brake valve port PB T : Drain S1 : Brake oil pressure switch (low pressure) S2 : Emergency brake oil pressure switch G : Accumulator charge pressure pickup port WA380,430,470-6 20/32

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Sistema de Carga de los Acumuladores

1. Valve body 1 2. Sequence valve (H1) 3. Relief valve (R2) 4. Shuttle valve (S1) 5. Priority valve 6. PPC relief valve (R3) 7. Main relief valve (R1)
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Sistema de Carga de los Acumuladores


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Cut-out state

Pump PPC To cooling fan motor

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Oil pressure in passage (B) is higher than set pressure of relief valve (1), piston (2) is pushed right by oil pressure in passage (B) (B). Relief valve (1) opens and oil passage (C) is now connected to port (T). Oil from the pump flows through orifices (a) and (b) and oil passage (C) to port (T). Oil pressure across orifice (a) is reduced, a P between chambers (D) and (E) is produced. When pressure in chamber (D) becomes greater than set pressure of priority valve (5), valve (5) moves to the right. The open area on the side of port (P) and orifice (c) is reduced and port (P) is connected to port (A) gradually. The oil from the pump flows through port (P), sequence valve (7), and port (A) to the cooling fan motor. 22/32

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Brake Accumulator Charge Valve


Cut-in state :

Pump

To cooling fan motor

Relief valve (1) has closed passage (C) back to tank (T). Priority valve (5) is pushed to the left by spring force. Oil from port (P) flows across orifice (c ) and check valve (8) to the ports (ACC1) and (ACC2) as well to chamber (B). WA380,430,470-6

The supplied quantity of oil to the accumulators is determined by orifice (a) and the pressure in (E) plus spring force (6).

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Brake Accumulator Charge Valve


Pressure reaches cut off :

The pressure in passage (C) has reached relief pressure and opens relief valve (1). The oil in passage (C ) in drained to tank (T). The priority valve (5) moves to the right because of the pressure loss in chamber (E). The oil supply to chamber (B) is stopped. WA380,430,470-6 24/32

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Localizacin de la vlvula de carga de los Frenos


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Punto de revisin de Presin de los Acumuladores de Freno

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Valvula de Carga de los Frenos y Acumuladores


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

Acumuladores de Freno Volumen : 3,0 Litros Presion : 35 bar Puerto A Hacia el acumulador de freno trasero Puerto T Punto testeo presion de de frenos principal Puerto P Valvula liberacion emergencia Freno Estacionamiento Valvula Alivio Presion PPC (R3) (Standard: 38 bar)
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Valvula (R2) de carga de los os acumuladores acu u ado es Cut off : 100 bar Cut in : 60 bar

Valvula de Seguridad (R1) para freno y ventilador (Standard: 148 bar)


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Valvula de Carga de los Frenos y Acumuladores

Switch baja presion de Acumuladores Abre a 45 bar ; Cierra a 55 bar Hacia el Acumulador PPC

ACC 1 Hacia el Acumulador Trasero ACC 2 Hacia el Acumulador Delantero

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Vlvula de alivio PPC

Toma de presin de la bomba vlvula de seguridad de ventilador,freno y bomba PPC (R1) NO TOCAR Ajuste 180 bar
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vlvula de alivio de presin PPC (R3) Ajuste 38 40 bar

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Vlvula de Carga de Acumulador de Frenos

Acumulador para bajada de emergencia Toma de presin PPC vlvula antiretorno


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Acumuladores de Freno
Accumulator : The accumulators are mounted between brake valve and brake. They are used to eliminate peak pressures when the brake is applied. Volume 46 cc, cc Gas pressure 2.5 2 5 3.5 3 5 bar

Accumulator for front brake

Accumulator for rear brake Two way check valves The purpose is to eliminate pressure pulsations while the brake pressure inside the brake valve is adjusted. The oil flow to the brake is reduced with a 2.2mm orifice. The return flow is across orifice and check valve. WA380,430,470-6 30/32

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Operacin de la Vlvula de Carga de Frenos


WA380 WA430 WA470 WA480

1. Modo Cut In (empieza a cargar)

Vlvula de Alivio (R2) cerrada WA380,430,470-6 31/32

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