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IEC60254120051

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IEC6025412005

Leadacidtractionbatterispatr1:Gentralrequirementsandmethodsoftest

5.1.1Thetestsfor:

Sequence

of

performance of 5.1
thetests

5hcapacity(see5.2)

IEC6266012010

chargeretention(see5.3)

Secondarylithiumion
IEC621332012

1hhighratedischargeperformance(see5.4)

cellsfort...

IEC626602

...
2010Secondary
BATSO012008
Maybecarriedouteitheronanewcompletebatteryoronarepresentativepart
lithiumioncellsfor
03
thereofintheorderlistedhere.
IEC6008642007
th...
LEV
4
Foracceptanceorcommissioninga5hcapacitytestorasagreeduponbetween
IEC614272005
batterysupplierandbatteryusershallbeselected.

...
...
PVES
GB8897.52006

Thechargeretentiontestandthehighratedischargeabilitytestareoptional.
...

QB/T2947.3

5.1.2Thetestforenduranceincycles(see5.5)isadestructivetestandshallbe
2008
IEC619602011
executedonaminimumofthreecellsofthesametype.
3

UN38.3
Suitablepackingshouldbeprovidedforthetestsamplesinordertomaintainthe
...
...
PSE
samedimensionaswheninstalledinbatteries.

5.2.1Tofacilitatethetemperaturereadings,onepilotcellisselectedpergroupof
sixcells,theaverageofthepilotcellsbeingconsideredasrepresentativeofthe
averagetemperatureofthebattery.
The temperature of each of pilot cell shall be read immediately prior to the
discharge.Theindividualreadingsshallbebetween15 and 40. The average
initial cell temperature t0 is calculated as the arithmetic mean of the individual
values.
5.2.2Thebatteryshallbecompletelychargedinaccordancewith4.3.

5.2.2Thebatteryshallbecompletelychargedinaccordancewith4.3.
5.2.3Within1hto24haftertheendofcharging,thebatteryshallbesubjectedto
adischargeatthecurrentIN(see3.1.2)
This current shall be maintained constant within 1% throughout the whole
dischargetime.
5.2.4 The voltage across the terminals of the battery (excluding battery output
cables),shall be either recorded automatically against time, or noted at suitable
timeintervalsusingavoltmeter(see4.1.1.2)
5.2.5The discharge is discontinued when the average voltage has reached the
valueof1.7Vpercell.Thedischargetimeshallbenoted.
Capacitytest

5.2

5.2.6TheuncorrectedcapacityC(Ah)attheinitialtemperaturet0iscalculatedas
the product of the discharge current (in amperes) and the discharge time(in
hours).
5.2.7 If the initial temperature t0 (see 5.2.1) is different from the reference
temperature(30).thecapacityC.inaccordancewith5.2.6,shalbecorrectedto
theactualcapacityCabytheequation:
Ca=(Ah)
Where
T0istheinitialtemperature
tristhereferencetemperature(30)
=0.006()1forthe5hcapacity.
5.2.8 A new battery, submitted to the rated capacity test, when subjected to
repeatedCN discharge/charge cycles according to 5.2.2 to 5.2.6 shall supply at
least
Ca=0.85CNatthefirstcycle
Ca=1.00CNatorbeforethetenthcycle.
5.3.1afterhavingundergoneacapacitytestinaccordancewith5.2,andhaving
obtainedacapacityCaCN,thebatteryisrechargedinaccordancewith4.3.Its
surfacesshallbecleanedanddriedinordertoremoveanytracesofconductive
materialorelectrolyte.
5.3.2the battery shall be stored on open circuit(i.e. without a connected electric
load)atanaveragecelltemperatureof202foraperiodof28days(672h).

Charge
retentiontest

Duringthattime,themaximumcelltemperatureshallnotexceed+25andthe
5.3

minimumtemperatureshallbenotlessthan+15.
5.3.3 at the end of the open circuit storage, in accordance with 5.3.2,the
temperature of the cells is adjusted to the range indicated in 5.2.1.then the
residual capacity Ctshall be determined by a discharge at the standard current
IN(see3.1.2)andthereafterinaccordancewith5.2.4to5.2.7
5.3.4Theresidualcapacity.Crshallbenotlessthan0.85Ca.

5.3.5Afterthetest,thebatteryshallbefullyrechargedinaccordancewith4.3.
5.4.1Thetesttoverifythehighrateperformancevalue(It)shallbecarriedouton
anewbatteryhavingobtainedacapacityCa.CNinaccordancewith5.2.
5.4.2Theinitialbatterytemperature(t0)andtheambienttemperatureshallbein
accordancewith5.2.1.

5.4.3Within1hto24haftertheendofcharging.Thebatteryshallbesubjectedto
adischargeatthecurrentI1specifiedbythemanufacturer(see3.3)
TheaveragedischargecurrentshallcorrespondtoI11%.Currentdeviationshall
notexceed5%I1ofatanytime.
Highrate
discharge
performance
test

5.4.4 the voltage across the terminals of the battery(excluding battery output
5.4

cables) shall be either recorded automatically ,according to the following


equation:
T h=1(h)[1+l2(t030())]
Wherel2=0.01()1forthe1hcapacity.
5.4.6 the cells/ monoblocs or batteries shall be discharged for a period of T h
hourswhenthefinalaveragevoltagepercellshallbenotlessthan1.60V.
Should however the average voltage of 1.60V per cell be reached prior to
dischargeT h. the current may be interrupted. In this case, the cells or batteries
ondischargehavefailedthistest.
5.4.7Afterthetest,thebatteryshallbefullyrechargedinaccordancewith4.3.
5.5.1thetestshallbecarriedoutoncellsamplesasspecifiedin5.1
5.5.2 After undergoing the actual capacity test of 5.2 and having shown a
capacityCaatleastequaltothenominalcapacityCN,thecellsshallberecharged
asspecifiedin4.3.
5.5.3 The cells/monoblocs shall the be connected to a device where they shall
undergoacontinuousseriesofcyclesthroughoutthetest,eachcyclecomprising
thefollowing:
5.5.3.1Ventedcells
Adischargefor3hatacurrentofI(A)=CN(Ah)/4(h).
Arechargefor9himmediatelyfollowingthedischarge,supplyingthebatterywith
achargedcapacityasdefinedinTable1below,thecurrentattheendofcharge
beingnotgreaterthanI(A)=CN(Ah)/16.66(h).
Table1cellrechargefactors
Rechargecapacity Chargefactor

Celltype
A,B,C,D(IEC602542,Table1)

0.864C

1.15

0.864C

1.15

a,b,c,d(IEC602542, Amendment 1, Table


2)
E,F,G(IEC602542,Table1)

0.937C

1.25
e,f,g(IEC602542,Amendment1,Table2)

0.787C

1.05(typical)

Cellswithelectrolyteagitation

NOTE 1 Cells having electrolyte agitation require a lower charge factor as


Cyclic
endurancetest

indicatedabove.Cellshavingincreasedelectrolytedensitymayrequireahigher
5.5

thennormalchargefactor.Inthesecases,andwhereotherspecialfeaturesare
incorporated,themanufacturersinstructionsshouldbefollowed.
NOTE 2 Where monobloc batteries or cells do not conform to the dimensions
definedinIEC602542,Tables1or2,arechargecapacity/chargefactorshould
be applied that is appropriate to the cell height when compared with cells in
thesetables.
5.5.3.2Valveregulatedcells
Adischargefor3.5hatacurrentofI(A)=0.2CN(A).
Unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer, a recharge for a
maximum of 14h immediately following the discharge, at a constant voltage not
exceeding 2.4V per cell, with a current limit during the last 2h not greater than
I(A)=CN(Ah)/66.66(h).
NOTE During the initial part of the constant voltage charge a current limitation
maybeacceptedorrecommendedforservicelifereasons.
Duringthelast2hofcharge,thevoltagemaybeallowedtoriseabove2.45Vper
cell.
5.5.3.3Throughoutthewholeofeithertest5.5.3.1or5.5.3.2,thetemperatureof
thecellsshallbemaintainedbetween33and43.
5.5.4Aftereachseriesof50cycles5cycles,thecells/monoblocsshallundergo
acapacitytestasspecifiedin5.2.
The test shall be considered as terminated when the corrected capacity
Caresultingfromthistestislessthan0.8CNduringtwosuccessiveseriesof50
cycles5cycleseach.
5.5.5Theenduranceincyclesisthenumberofcyclescompleteduptotheendof
thefirstofthetwofinalseries.Thisnumbershallbeatleastequaltothenumber
statedbythemanufacture.

1003

2011
0512639833076398330605126398339763983398
ICP110181591