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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.7) In the circuit shown below, the switch makes contact with position b just before breaking contact with position a. As already mentioned, this is known as a make-before-break switch and is designed so that the switch does not interrupt the current in an inductive circuit. The interval of time between making and breaking is assumed to be negligible. The switch has been in the a position for a long time. At t = 0 the switch is thrown form position a to position b. a) Determine the initial current in the inductor. b) Determine the time constant of the circuit for t > 0. c) Find i, v1, and v2, for t 0. d) What percentage of the initial energy stored in the inductor is dissipated in the 72 resistor 15 ms after the switch is thrown form position a to position b.

a. IL(0) = 24/(8+12) = 2A b. = L/R = 1.6/(8+72) = 20 ms c. I(t) = IL(0)e-t/ = 2e-50t A v1 = - I(t)= - (72+8)( 2e-50t) = - 160e-50t v2 = -R I(t)= -(72)( 2e-50t) = -144e-50t d.EL(0)= (1/2)L IL(0)2 = 3.2J P72 = IL(0)2Re-2(R/L)t = 4*72e-(2)50t = 288e-100t W = integral from 0 to 15 ms 288e-100t = 2.237 2.237/3.2 = 69.92%

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.12) The switch in the circuit below has been in position 1 for a long time. At t = 0, the switch moves instantaneously to position 2. Find v0(t) for t 0+.

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.24) The switch in the circuit below is closed at t = 0 after being open for a long time. a) Find i1(0-) and i2(0-). b) Find i1(0+) and i2(0+). c) Explain why i1(0-) = i1(0+). d) Explain why i2(0-) i2(0+). e) Find i1(t) for t 0. f) Find i2(t) for t 0+.

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.25) In the circuit below, both switches operate together; that is, they either open or close at the same time. The switches are closed a long time before opening at t = 0. a) How many microjoules of energy have been dissipated in the 12 k resistor 12 ms after the switches open? b) How long does it take to dissipate 75% of the initially stored energy?

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.37) The switch in the circuit below has been in position a for a long time. At t = 0, the switch moves instantaneously to position b. a) Find the numerical expression for io(t) when t 0. b) Find the numerical expression for vo(t) when t 0+.

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.51) The switch in the circuit below has been closed a long time before opening at t = 0. For t 0, find a) vo(t). b) io(t). c) i1(t). d) i2(t). e) i1(0+).

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.52) The switch in the circuit below has been in position a for a long time. At t = 0, the switch moves instantaneously to position b. For t 0, find a) vo(t). b) io(t). c) vg(t). d) vg(0+).

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Homework 5 due 3/28

EE 3301.501

7.56) The switch in the circuit below has been in position a for a long time. At t = 0, the switch moves instantaneously to position b. Calculate (a) the initial voltage on the capacitor; (b) the final voltage on the capacitor; (c) the time constant (in microseconds) for t > 0; and (d) the length of time (in microseconds) required for the capacitor voltage to reach zero after the switch is moved to position b.

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