File format help sheet

Raster and vector files The difference between vector and raster graphics is that raster graphics are composed of pixels, while vector graphics are composed of paths. A raster graphic, such as a gif or jpeg, is an array of pixels of various colours, which together form an image. A vector graphic, such as an .eps file or Adobe Illustrator? File, is composed of paths, or lines, that are either straight or curved. The data file for a vector image contains the points where the paths start and end, how much the paths curve, and the colours that either border or fill the paths. Because vector graphics are not made of pixels, the images can be scaled to be very large without losing quality. Raster graphics, on the other hand, become "blocky," since each pixel increases in size as the image is made larger. This is why logos and other designs are typically created in vector format -- the quality will look the same on a business card as it will on a billboard. 1. Jpg. Jpg is a raster file and is widely supported and is the standard format for photography and internet e.g. Google image. Jpg stands for joint photographic experts group which has variable compression (choose file quality) but isn’t suitable for simpler pictures, also resizing jpg images make the picture loose its quality .I use jpg on a day to day when I am taking photos on my camera. 2. Png. Png is a raster file format that doesn’t rely on a particular file format this allows it to be accessible on the internet. Png stands for portable network graphics, but older browsers do not support this format png are the program I use to upload pictures onto websites. 3. Bmp. Bmp stands for windows bit map which Is a raster file which supports a wide range of colours and also supports windows software. No compression and you can’t email it because it’s not supported because of this I

only use bmp for clients that’s computer is windows and isn’t a mac. 4. Pdf. Pdf is a metafile which means this program supports both raster and vector files (pixelated and mathematic based files) pdf stands for portable document format this is because pdf supports both raster and vector, this makes it easy to share on the internet, also nobody can withdraw your shared pdf file because pdf encrypts the file before it goes on the internet. But on the down side pdf files don’t manipulate images an example of when I use pdf is when im uploading completed work the encryption helps you from being a victim of copyright. 5. Psd psd is a raster file this format can also be a vector file if chosen to be psd stands for Photoshop document. This document allows images to be stored in layers this is a real convenience for me when I need to make a poster and other picture based work. Psd files can be converted into other formats making it accessible in much software but printing takes extremely longer but you can change the format. 6. Gif gif is a raster file that is used for animations that are easily accessible on the internet. Gif are mostly used to shorten or decrease file size of a video but only supports 256 colour schemes this make the image loose quality , but easy to create. Gif stands for graphic interchange format. I use the gif format each time I create an animation to enable me to upload them onto the internet. 7. Cgm. Cgm is a raster and vector file making it a metafile meaning it supports both formats. Cgm stands for computer graphics metafile this is a free file format that’s standard printing template is the interracial standard in some programs you will need to reconvert the file, I use cgm on a day to day basis for sharing a document for example an email.

8. Tif. Tif is a raster file which is widely supported I use the tif format to scan written documents, also made for support both windows and mac but isn’t supported by the internet. Tif files don’t auto compress (creates a significantly big image) Tif stands for tagged image file format.

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