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QUADRATIC EQUATIONS (PRACTICE QUESTIONS)

1. Which is a quadratic equation ? (a) x + 2.


3 = x2 (b) x2 6x + 4 = 0 x

(c) x4 + x2 + 1 = 0

(d) None of these

Determine out of the given values which is the solution of the equation 3x2 2x 1 = 0 (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 1 (d) 4

3.

Determine the value of k for which x = 2 is a solution of the equation kx2 + 2x 3 = 0. (a)
1 4

(b)

1 2

(c) 2

(d) 0

4.

If one root of the quadratic equation 2x2 + kx 6 = 0 is 2, then the value of k will be : (a) 2 (b) 6 (c) 1 (d) 5

5.

Which one of the following is not a quadratic equation ? (a) (x 1)3 = x3 + 2x2 + x 1 (c) (x + 1)2 = 3(x + 1) (b) (x + 3) (x 1) = x2 4x + 9 (d) x2 + 5x = (1) (1 5x)2

6.

If

5 1 is a root of the equation x2 + kx = 0, then the value of k is 4 2

(a) 2 7.

(b) 2

(c)

1 4

(d)

1 2

If ax2 + bx + c = 0 has equal roots, then c is equal to (a)


b 2a

(b)

b 2a

b2 (c) 4a

(d)

b2 4a

8.

The positive value of k for which the equations x2 + kx + 16 = 0 and x2 4 2 x + k = 0 will both value real roots is (a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 16 If the roots of the equation x2 + 6x 91 = 0 are p and q, then (a) p = 13, q = 7 (b) p = 13, q = 7 (c) p = 13, q = 7 (d) p = 13, q = 7

9.

10. 11. 12.

For what value of k, the quadratic equation x2 kx + 4 = 0 has equal roots ? Find the roots of quadratic equation 2x2 7x + 3 = 0 by the method of completing the square. Solve by factorization method : (i) 4x2 4ax + (a2 b2) = 0 (ii)
1 1 1 1 = + + a b a+b+x x

13. 14.

Find the values of k for which the equation (k 12) x2 + 2 (k 12) x + 2 = 0 has equal roots. Using quadratic formula solve the following quadratic equation : p2x2 + (p2 q2) x q2 = 0

15.

Find the roots of the following equation : 1 1 9 = ; x 3, 6 x+3 x6 20

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

If the equation (1 + m2) x2 + 2mcx + c2 a2 = 0 has equal roots, show that c2 = a2 (1 + m2). Find the roots of the quadratic equation 2x2 + x 4 = 0 by applying the quadratic formula. A train travels 360 km at a unifrom speed. If the speed had been 5 km/hr more, it would have taken 1 hour less for the same journey. Find the speed of the train. The sum of the areas of two squares is 468 m2. If the difference of their perimeters is 24 m, find the sides of the two squares. Seven years ago Varuns age was five times the square of Swatis age. Three years hence Swatis age will be two-fifth of Varuns age. Find their present ages. A train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is increased by 5 km/h from its usual speed. Find the usual speed of the train. A two digit number is such that the product of its digits is 18. When 63 is subtracted from the number, the digits interchange their places. Find the number. For what value of k, is 2 a root of the equation 3x2 + 4x + 2k = 0. Write the discriminant of the quadratic equation
1 2 x 3x + 5 = 0. 2

25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35.

Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation : 4x2

2 1 x =0 3 16

For what value of k does the equation x2 + 2x + (k2 + 1) = 0 has real and equal roots ? Find the value of k for which the quadratic equation k2x2 2(2k 1) x + 4 = 0 has real and equal roots. The difference of squares of two numbers is 88. If the larger number is 5 less than twice the smaller number, then find the two numbers. If one root of the quadratic equation 2x2 + kx 6 = 0 is 2, find the value of k. Also find the other root. The area of a right angled triangle is 165 m2. Determine its base and altitude if the later exceeds the former by 7 m. Sum of the areas of two squares is 640 m2. If the difference of their perimeters is 64 m, find the sides of the two squares. A train covers a distance of 90 km at a uniform speed. Had the speed been 15 km/hr more, it would have taken 30 minutes less for the journey. Find the original speed of the train. If the list price of a toy is reduced by Rs 2, a person can buy 2 toys more for Rs 360. Find the original price of the toy. If x = 2 and x = 3 are roots (solutions) of the equation 3x2 2mx + 2n = 0, find the values of m and n. Solve the quadratic equation x2 + 6x 10 = 0, when (i) x is a natural number (ii) x is a rational number (iii) x is a real number