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Geology of the Gull Lake North ASP Flood, Upper Shaunavon Formation, Southwest Saskatchewan

By Sid Leggett, Husky Energy

Acknowledgements • Husky Energy • Members of the Gull Lake ASP Team – Graham Jackson – Curtis Cymbaluk – Dorian Holgate • Wendy Shier • Doug Flaig • Kent Barrett .

– Reservoir details. – Stratigraphy. • Summary . sedimentology and environment of deposition.Talk Outline • What is Alkali/Surfactant/Polymer (ASP) flooding? • Criteria for pool selection. • Gull Lake Upper Shaunavon pool.

– Reduces adsorption of the surfactant on the rock surfaces – Reacts with acids in the oil to create natural surfactant. . • Polymer – Improves the sweep efficiency. • Surfactant (Soap!) – Reduces interfacial tension.What is Alkali Surfactant Polymer Flood? • Alkali: Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) or Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3).

ASP Screening Criteria • • • • • • • • • Sandstone preferred over carbonates Thick unstratified reservoir with few barriers No bottom water or gas cap Low clay content (<5%) Permeability > 100md Porosity > 15% Residual oil saturation after water flood > 35% Size Light to intermediate crude with organic acids .

Location – Gull Lake North Pool .

CRETACEOUS Regional Stratigraphy • Top of the Middle Jurassic. • Bounded by low relief regional unconformities. • Transition from a carbonate depositional setting to one dominated by terrigenous sediments. MESOZOIC U. SHAUNAVON PALEOZOIC . SHAUNAVON L. • Mixed siliciclastic/ carbonate unit.

Modified from J.Upper Shaunavon Regional Geology Isopach Top Mississippian to Top Lower Shaunavon • Mississippian to Lwr Shaunavon isopach reflects Upr Shaunavon depositional surface.E. • Gull Lake North area located on the Gull Lake Front east of the Tompkins Apron. 1964 . •Truncated to the northwest by the Sweetgrass Arch. Christopher. • Center of the Williston Basin to the southeast.

• Channel is up to 10. • Waterflood initiated in 1956. 24 cp intermediate crude A2 Member Channel Isopach Upr Shaunavon Fm. . • Discovered in 1953.3API.The Upper Shaunavon at Gull Lake • NW-SE trending tidal channel that forms the reservoir for the Gull Lake North pool.3m thick. • 22.



Porous Sandstone (A2) • Very fine grained sandstone. • Crossbedding. • Tidal influence. • Minor calcareous cement. flaser bedding. shale ripups and drapes. . shale couplets and back climbing ripples.

crinoids. and rare gastropods. peloids. • Early calcite cementation during a period of subaerial exposure. . • Marine environment of deposition.Coquina and Calcareous Sandstone • Thin walled bivalve coquinas.

No beach or barrier bar.Skeletal grainstones. .Shaunavon Environment of Deposition • Turks and Caicos Platform .Large shallow marine platform . . • German Bay . peloidal grainstones and packstones and oolitic grainstones.Complex of intertidal flats and tidal channels.Channels oriented perpendicular to the general shoreline. .

• Oil only along the main fairway (green). • Gull Lake N is located at transition. Gull Lake N .Oil and Gas Hydrodynamic Fairway Map Trapping Mechanism • Fluid flow towards a north-south hydrodynamic low. • Gas structurally updip to the northeast. • Oil is trapped in structural highs and updip pinchouts (blue).

6m (up to 9. Gull Lake North pool reserves: 76MM bbls OOIP.9% Kaolinite and 0. Average net pay of 4. Net Porosity Map . Downdip water leg with an oil/water contact of 372.5mSS. porosity of 20% and average permeability of 384md. Oil • • Water • Upr Shaunavon.Reservoir Details • • Estimated reserves for the entire reservoir: 110MM bbls OOIP. A2 Channel.5 and 0.2 and 0.6m).5%). Clays: between 0.6% Illite. recoverable with water flood 26MMbbls (34.

√ Permeability > 100md.Summary • Gull Lake North Upper Shaunavon pool is a large incised tidal channel composed of a mixture of porous sandstone and tight limestone. √ Low clay content. • The pool met most of the key criteria for an ASP tertiary flood: – – – – – – – – – Sandstone. √ Intermediate crude with organic acids. √ • Only one negative criteria: water leg. √ No gas cap. • Hydrodynamic/structural trap resulted in oil accumulating in the updip part of the tidal channel. 4/09 . √ Porosity > 15%. √ Size. √ Residual oil saturation > 35%. X Srl. √ Thick unstratified reservoir.