Some Example Sentences in Nyima Rinpoche’s Dialect

“pure motivation” means to have “bodhicitta” in our mind
;Ým-ÇÀôP-G®P-¤ºÛ-hôm-mÛ-‚P-Vßz-ˆÛ-Åï¤Å-P-±!ôºÛÅï¤Å-¾-»ôh-Mã-hï-¼ïhü
a lot has changed since we first met
P-±ô-hP-qô-fÞG-q-mÅ-z¸ÞP-ºHã¼-z-¤P-qô-ºIô-!ºhÝG
according to Buddhism, all sentient beings can be brought onto the
path of liberation
mP-qºÛ-VôÅ-¿e¼-mü ºIô-z-Åï¤Å-Tm-f¤Å-Th-f¼-zºÛ¾¤-¾-ºGôh-fÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
according to latest news, it will snow tomorrow
Gż-ºHã¼-VïÅ-XïÅ-¤-¿e¼-mü ÅP-ZÛm-DPÅ-!ºzz-Mã¼ïhü
according to the law, it is forbidden to torture prisoners
FÛ¤Å-¿e¼-mü z®ôm-q-n¤Å-¤m¼-GTôh-GbôP-VôGGÛ-¤-¼ïhü
after the storm today the roads will be covered with ice and it will
be dangerous
hï-¼ÛP-GÛ-DPÅ-½ÀâP-XïÅ-ÅÞ-¾¤-±P-¤-ºEGÅ-h¼-HÛG»ôG-mÅ-hï-Zïm-D-¾ôGÅ-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü
after the teacher counseled me, I stopped killing bugs
„À-¤Å-P-¾-zÇÀzÅ-‚-GmP-XïÅ-PÅ-ºiï-ÁÛG-zÅh-Mã-¤±
¤Å-zŸG-q-»Ûmü
after we die, we will be scattered in the six realms
P-±ôÅ-ºVÛ-XïÅü P-±ôÅ-±P-¤-ºIô-z-¼ÛGÅ-iâG-¾-ºfô¼ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü
after you are done using this, please give this to somebody else
EôhˆÛÅ-ºhÛ-zïh-uôh-±¼-hÝÅü !ºhÛ-¤Û-GŸm-ŸÛG-¾v!ôh-¼ôGÅü
after you have died, you will understand the opportunity you
missed
Eïh-¼P-ºVÛ-±¼-hÝÅü Eïh-ˆÛÅ-Gô-Ç+zÅ-„ÀGÅ-q-hï-!!!
È-Gô-Mã-¼ïhü

1

ah! (oh, I see)
Íôü PÅ-ÁïÅ-ÅôP.ü
alas! (how sad!)
!Íôü ¤-z¸P-¸ÛG
all living beings have the Buddha seed in themselves
ÆôG-VGÅ-»ôP-HÛ-Mãh-¾-ÅPÅ-MÅ-ˆÛ-Mã-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü
all of my notes are in this pile of papers
ÁôG-zÞ-ºhÛ-±P-¤-PºÛ-¸Ûm-ƒÛÅ-¼ïhü
all of these leaves need to be swept up
¾ô-¤-ºhÛ-n¤Å-ºxG-hGôÅ-GÛ
altogether how long will it take?
±P-¤-¤Z¤-hÝ-Çkô¤-m-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü
am I dying?
P-ºVÛ-ºIô-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
am I not allowed?
PÅ-VôG-Mã-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü
am I right?
PÅ-ºIÛGÅ-ÅôP-P¤ü
another alternative is to have a heater in each room
ºhï¤Å-;-GŸm-ŸÛG-DP-¤ÛG-¼ï-¼ï¼-mP-iôh-GbôP-»ôVÅ-¼ï-»ôh-GÛ
any practice we do, must include love and compassion
P-±ôÅ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-GP-‚ïh-ˆP-‚¤Å-z¯ï-hP-ljÛP-Xï-PïÅq¼-hÝ-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
apples and oranges
;Ý-ÁÝ-hP-±-¾Þ-¤ü
are batteries available here?
ºhÛ¼-»Å-lô-º±ôP-Mã-Íï-»ôh-GÛ
are most days sunny in the summer?
G»¼-;ºÛ-ZÛm-¤P-xôGÅ-¾-ZÛ-¤-iô-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü
are there any questions?
iÛ-z-GP-»P-!Íï-»ôhü
are there days or dates on which you don’t travel?

2

Eôh-¼P-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-¤Û-‚ïh-qºÛ-h¤ÛGÅ-zž-HÛ-ZÛ-¤hP-»P-m-±ïÅ-IPÅ-!Íï-»ôhü
are there some old lamas still alive in this area?
Å-V-ºhÛ-m-hGôPÅ-¾ô-¾ôm-qºÛ-„À-¤-!ºGº-h-hÝPÇ+Ý-±ï-zŸÝGÅ-!Íï-»ôhü
are there things here that can be thrown away?
!ºhÛ¼-¤¼-G»ÞG-m-VôG-H!Û-zTº-¾G-¼!ï-Íï-»ôhü
are these cheap to buy in Tibet?
ºhÛ-±ô-zôh-mÅ-ZôÅ-m-¼Ûm-GôP-h¤º-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü
are these not hand made?
ºhÛ-±ô-¾G-z¸ô-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü
are these Rinpoche’s shoes?
!ºhÛ-¼Ûm-qô-VïºÛ-ŸzÅ-¿Ë¤-!Íï-¼ïhü
are they about ready to come?
D!ô-±!ô-»ôP-z¼-I-OÛG-‚ïh-±¼-Íï-ÅôP.ü
are they complaining about something?
Dô-±ôÅ-TÛG-¼ïh-¤Û-ºhÝG-¸ï¼-mÅ-ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhmÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
are they relatives?
Dô-±ô-Zï-ºƒï¾-Íï-¼ïhü
are those your bags?
ºhÛ-n¤Å-E!ôh-HÛ-DÞ¤-¤-Íï-¼ïhü
are we having a class today?
hï-¼ÛP-P-±ô-¾-!º²Ûm-IÔ(VôÅ-FÛh)»ôh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
are we late?
P-±ô-ºGô¼-Íï-ÅôPü
are we not supposed to sit in row 3?
P-±ô-ºyP-GÅÞ¤-qºÛ-mP-ºhÝG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü
are we studying hard?
P-±ôÅ-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-Èà¼-fG-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
are winters better than summers?
G»¼-;-¾Å-hGÝm-D-»G-qô-»ôh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
are you able to make ends meet?
E!ôh-¾-º±ô-zºÛ-fôG-h;º-P¾-!Íï-»ôhü

3

are you able to read and write tibetan? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-zôh-»ÛG-ºƒÛ->ÀôG-!Íï-fÞzü are you allergic to anything? E!ôh-¾-¸Å-¤Û-ºyôh-ˆÛ-Íï-»ôhü are you comfortable? E!ôh-¼P-BÛh-qô-Íï-ºhÝG are you feeling weak? E!ôh-¾-¤Û-zhï-z-Íï-ºhÝG are you going to lie down now? E!ôh-¼P-¤¼-Z¾-mÅ-ºhÝG-GÛ-Íï-»Ûmü are you happy? E!ôh-¼P-BÛh-qô-Íï-ºhÝG are you hungry? E!ôh-¼P-Íï-¿eôG-GÛ are you itchy? E!ôh-¾-¸-ºyâG-Íï-»ôh-GÛ are you married? E!ôh-¼P-GZïm-zOÛGÅ-‚Å-!Íï-±¼ü are you not going to repay him? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-Dô-¾-zÞ-¾ôm-v!ôh-ˆÛ-¤Ûm-m¤ü are you ready to go? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-ºIô-z¼-I-OÛG-Íï-±¼ü are you ready? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-I-OÛG-Íï-±¼ü are you selling these? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-ºhÛ-n¤Å-z®ôP-zŸÛm-Íï-»ôhü are you single or married? E!ôh-¼!P-Dï¼-AP-»Ûm-m¤-GZïm-zOÛGÅ-±¼ü are you surprised? E!ôh-ÈP-Íï-ÅP-fü are you the assistant? E!ôh-¼P-¾Å-¼ôGÅ-q-Íï-»Ûmü (E!ôh-¼P-¤hÝm-ºhÝGÍï-»Ûmü) are you the caretaker of this place? 4 .

I really love them P-¤ô-¤ô-¾-Pô-¤-hGº-mÛ-¼ïhü as I was entering the house. a bird flew in through the window P-DP-z-hï!ºÛ-mP-hÝ-º²â¾-hÝÅ-‚-ŸÛG-Ç+¼-DÞP-mPmÅ-ºwÞ¼-Å!ôP.º-GÛ are your feet sore? E!ôh-ˆÛ-@P-q¼-Ǩ-Íï-»ôhü aren’t we your disciples? P-±ô-E!ôh-ˆÛ-ÇÀôz-¤-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü aren’t you from the city or are you from the countryside? Eïh-¼P-IôP-Eï¼-mÅ-¤-¼ïh-h¤-»P-m-IôP-GÅïzmÅ-»Ûmü as for momos.Ým-ÇÀôPG®P-¤-»ôh-m-hï-wm-fôG-È-TP-Vïm-qô-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü as soon as you arrive in Tibet. very large P-±ôÅ-Oæz-ˆÛ-hGï-zºÛ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-VßP-»P. please call me E!ôh-zôh-¾-º‚ô¼-¤-fG-P-¾-D-q¼-GbôP-¼ôGÅü as they say.ü . even if the merit that we generate due to our practice is small."DôºÛ-±ôh-hqG-G!ÛÅ-Pô-¤-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¤¼!ïhü" ask him if a hundred yuans will be enough IôP-ÇKô¼-zÎM-»Û-Íï-ºhP-Dô-¾-Ç+h-V-iÛÅü at least 2 people died ZÝP-¤f¼-¤Û-GZÛÅ-ÁÛ-ºhÝG at midnight I will still be doing my sadhana practice 5 .E!ôh-¼P-Å-V-ºhÛºÛ-zhG-GZï¼-‚ïh-¤Dm-Íï-»Ûmü are you thirsty? E!ôh-¼!P-Íï-Ç+ô¤-GÛ are you tired? E!ôh-¾-Íï-h. ‘he who assumes. the benefit will be very. the opportunity is still there P-h-hÝP-º±ô-mÅ-ºhÝG-mü h-hÝP-Gô-Ç+zÅ-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü as long as the motivation is pure.ü as long as I am still breathing. does not really know’ Dô-±ôÅ-zÁh-Mã.

-¾Å-GÛ-ºhÝG at that time I asked him again and again hï-hïÅ-Dô-¾-PÅ-»P-mÅ-»P-hÝ-zÁh-»ôhü at that time I did not know her Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-Dô-¤ô-Pô-¤Û-ÁïÅü at that time I had yet to learn Tibetan Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-h-hÝP-zôh-Ç+h-¢PÅ-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü at that time I was doing something else Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-¾Å-.¤±m-hˆÛ¾-¾-h-hÝP-PÅ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôh-HÛ¼ïhü at new year.-hï-¤Ûm-GŸm-ŸÛG-‚Å-zŸÛm-»ôhü at that time I was not yet born Ç+zÅ-hï¼-P-h-hÝP-BïÅ-»ôh-Mã-¤-¼ïhü at that time I was still planning Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-h-hÝP-ºV¼-GŸÛ-zbP-zŸÛm-»ôhü at that time I was undecided Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-fG-zTh-¤ïhü at that time I will still be eating Ç+zÅ-hï¼-PÅ-h-hÝP-¸-zŸÛm-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü at that time the Tibetans had not yet come to India Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-zôh-q-±ô-M-G¼-¾-zÇÀïz-¤ïh-»ôh-ˆÛ¤-¼ïhü at that time these were still grazing Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-ºhÛ-±ôÅ-¯Ó-¸-zŸÛm-ºhÝG at that time we had not yet met Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-P-±ô-fÞG-¤ïhü at that time we had not yet sent the letters Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-P-±ôÅ-ºyÛm-»ÛGn¤Å-GbôP-¤ïhü at that time we will not yet have arrived Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-P-±ô-zÇÀïz-»ôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü at that time you had sent a message not to do that 6 . we wear new clothes P-±ôÅ-¾ô-Gż-¾-Hôm-VÅ-Gż-q-Gôm-Mã-¼ïhü at that time he was still at work Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-DôÅ-¾Å-.

ü lô-ÇoݤŸÛG-„ÀâG-hGôÅü before we leave. please wash your hands ¸Å-¤-¸-ÇSôm-E!ôh-ˆÛ-¾G-q-ºFâ-¼ôGÅü before I had joined the army P-h¤GÅ-¾-¤-ŸÝGÅ-GôPü before I had meditated on Chenrezig PÅ-um-¼Å-G¸ÛGÅ-ˆÛ-ÇKô¤-¤-zMz-GôP. can someone please clean the trash P-±ô-¤-ºIô-GôP. we need to get some gasoline P-±ôÅ-GŸÝP-¾¤-Vïm-¤ô-¾-¤-ÇÀïz-GôP.Ç+zÅ-hï¼-E!ôh-HÛÅ-hï-¤-‚ïh-¸ï¼-mÅ-ºyÛm-ŸÛGGbôP-hGôÅ-¸ÛG at that time you will still be teaching us compassionately Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-‚¤Å-z¯ï-PP-P-±ô-¾-ÇÀôzFÛh-‚Å-(VôÅ-GÅÞP)zŸÛm-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü at the end of the month.ü before eating. the teachings will still be continuing ¹-z-hïºÛ-¹-¤WâG-¾-h-hÝP-ÇÀôz-FÛh-(VôÅ-FÛh)n¤Å¤Û-¤fÞh-hÝ-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü at the monastery hGôm-q-hïºÛ-mP-¾ü at this time of the year the sun rises early ¾ô-ºhÛºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-ºh!ÛºÛ-Ç+zÅ-ZÛ-¤-ÇS-¤ô-Á¼-HÛ¼ïhü at what time should we meet? Vß-±ôh-TÛºÛ-fôG-P-±ô-fÞG-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü be careful.ü ¤Û-ŸÛG-GÛÅ-Gh-ljÛGÅ-hï-G®P-¤‚!ïh-Íï-fÞzü 7 . some buildings collapsed V¼-¤P-qô-zzÅ-q¼-dïm-DP-z-!ºGº-¾ôGÅ-ÅôP.ü before we get on the highway. or you might fall and hurt yourself G¸z-G¸z-‚ôÅ-¤-GbôGÅü E!ôh-¤¼-¿ËàP-mÅ-Ǩ-‚ïh-ˆÛ¼ïhüÎ because it burned. we are cooking again hï-±ÛG-ÅôP-zÅ-P-±ôÅ-»P-zB¼-z®ô-zŸÛm-»ôhü because it rained so much.

the teachings will most likely be finished Vß-±ôh-¿SºÛ-ÇSôm-¾-ÇÀôz-FÛh-(VôÅ-FÛh)-n¤Å-w¾Vï¼-±¼-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü by that time he will have finished cooking hÝÅ-±ôh-hïºÛ-ÇSôm-DôÅ-¸-¤-¾Å-±¼-»ôh-Mã-¼ïhü by that time I will have finished hÝÅ-±ôh-hïºÛ-ÇSôm-¾-PÅ-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü by that time I will not yet have started hÝÅ-±ôh-hïºÛ-ÇSôm-PÅ-h-hÝP-ºGô-º²âGÅ-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ¤-¼ïhü by that time she will have arrived hÝÅ-±ôh-hïºÛ-ÇSôm-Dô-¤ô-zÇÀïzÅ-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü by the blessings of the buddha ÅPÅ-MÅ-ˆÛ-‚Ûm-½ÀzÅ-ˆÛÅü by the time we reach.ü “Wylie” !ºIôÇePÅ-¢P-hGôÅü before. did you get the package we sent? 8 . it will have started P-±ô-º‚ô¼-hÝÅ-hï-ºGô-º²âGÅ-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü by the way.ü best wishes for your happiness Eïh-¾-zhï-BÛh-»ôP-zºÛ-Ǩôm-ºhÝm-ŸÝü bon appetite! ¸-¤-ºhÛ-ŸÛ¤-qô-‚ãP-zÅ-¼ï-z-»ôhü box for donations Ÿ¾-ºhïzÅ-ÇK¤ü bring that book in which the name and address is written ¤ÛP-hP-D-‚P-ƒÛÅ-»ôh-źÛ-ºƒÛ-hïz-hï-Eï¼-ÁôG by five o’clock. I had misunderstood PÅ-Gô-¾ôG-¤-‚Å-GôP. you have to learn “Wylie” system of writing E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-zôh-»ÛG-GbG-HÛ-¤-¢P-GôP.before you learn to type Tibetan. he was wealthy ÇSôm-¤¼-Dô-xãG-qô-ŸÛG-»Ûmü before.

Íô-hï-mü P-±ôÅ-zÇ+ݼ-zÅ-zTº-¾G-hï-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-Íï¾ôm-fü by then these will be spoiled h!ï-hÝÅ-ºhÛ-±ô-¼Þ¾-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü by this method we can achieve the goal fzÅ-ÁïÅ-ºhÛ-zMãh-mÅ-P-±ôÅ-h¤ÛGÅ-»Þ¾-hï-ºIâz-fÞzMã-¼ïhü can we reserve a seat on the bus? P-±ôÅ-ºIâ¾-ºDô¼-@Ýz-ÇeïGÅ-ŸÛG-ÇSôm-Zô-Íï-fÞzü can you guess? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-±ôh-hqG-Íï-fÞzü can you help me pull this cart please? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-P-¾-ÁP-d-ºhÛ-ºfïm-¼ôGÅ-Íï-fÞzü can you please hold this book for me – I’ll come and check it out tomorrow E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-P-¾-hïz-ºhÛ-º²âm-Íï-fÞzü P-ÅP-ZÛm-ºôP-mÅhï-¾-z¿eü can you predict what will happen in the future E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-¤-ºôP-q¼-TÛ-‚ãP-ÇSôm-hqG-‚Å-Íï-fÞzü can you reach the books on the topmost shelf? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-hqï-FÛºÛ-ÇeïP-GÛ-hïz-hï-±ô-Íï-½‰ôz-GÛ can you substitute meat with tofu? E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-ÁºÛ-±z-hôÅ-—tôÅ-‚ïh-!Íï-fÞzü certainly! (definitely) bG-bG-¼ïhü climb on the chair if you can’t reach the bulb directly G¾-ÆÛh-E!ôh-ˆÛÅ-Áï¾-bôG-¾-fh-G¼-¤-½‰ôz-mü @Ýz-ÇeïGÅ-ÇeïP-¾-zÞhü come after 4:30 pm xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-4!ú30XïÅ-mÅ-ÁôG come between 2 and 3 in the afternoon xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-2mÅ-3z¼-¾-ÁôG compared with coffee. I like tea better DÐô-—˜ïÅ-hP-zÇkݼ-mü P-¾-WºÛ-hGºü 9 .

ü did he/she not make the momos? Dô-zôÅ-º¤-Dô-¤ôÅ-¤ô-¤ô-z¸ôÅ-¤-ÅôP-P¤ü did it break? hï-zTGÅ-Íï-ÅôP.ü did he throw out the trash? Dô-zôÅ-Gh-ljÛGÅ-hï-G»ÞGÅ-Íï-ÅôP.ü did he not cut the fruits? DôÅ-Á!!ÛP-bôG-!hï-n¤Å-G®zÅ-¤-ÅôP-P¤ü did he not give you his address and phone number? DôÅ-E!ôh-¾-Dô-¼P-GÛ-D-‚P-hP-D-q¼-ÍP-IPÅ-‚Ûm-¤ÅôP-P¤ü did he really think this life would last forever? Dô-zô-Pô-¤-¤Û-±ï-ºhÛ-hÝÅ-Gbm-bà-GmÅ-Mã-¼ïh-zŤmÛ-Íï-¼ïhü did he receive the message? Dô-¾-ºyÛm-hï-º‚ô¼-!Íï-ºhÝG did he reply immediately? Dô-zôÅ-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-¾m-zMz-Íï-ÅôP.cyclic existence means we keep on taking one birth after another ºDô¼-z-mÛ-¤Þ-¤fÞh-hÝ-Bï-z-GTÛG-GÛ-!XïÅ-ÅÞ-GTÛG¾ïm-qºÛ-hômü dedication is very important zÇSô-Ǩôm-mÛ-È-TP-GÛ-G¾-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü did he fall down? Dô-¤¼-¿ËàP-Íï-ºhÝG did he finish typing? DôÅ-»Û-Gï-GbG-±¼-!Íï-ºhÝG did he meet you? Dô-E!ôh-¾-fÞG-!Íï-ÅôP.ü did he wait for me? DôÅ-P-zÇKÝGÅ-Íï-ÅôP.ü did he show you the text? Dô-zôÅ-Eïh-¾-hïz-hï-zÇem-Íï-ÅôP.ü did she accept the invitation? 10 .

ü did you find it? hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-½‰ïh-Íï-ÅôP.ü did the doorbell not ring? ÇKôºÛ-TôP-zl-hï-¤-IG-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü did they hear the announcement? Dô-±ôÅ-Ez-zOGÅ-hï-Gô-Íï-ÅôP.Dô-¤ôÅ-¤Iôm-ÁôG-hï-PôÅ-¾ïm-‚ïh-Íï-ÅôP.ü did they not show any regret for their actions? Dô-±ôºÛ-¾Å-.-¾-Dô-±ô-!ºHôh-q-BïÅ-ˆÛ-Íï-»ôh-GÛ did those soak? hï-±ô-½Àôm-Íï-ÅôP.ü did you have to wait too long? 11 .ü did we go? P-±ô-ÅôP-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü did we not meet? P-±ô-fÞG-mÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü did you advertise you have some things to sell? Eôh-¾-zTº-¾G-ºGº-z®ôP-Mã-»ôh-q-n¤Å-Ez-zOGÅ-Íï‚Åü did you bring the check we will offer? P-±ôÅ-wÞ¾-hGôÅ-qºÛ-hPÞ¾-º²Ûm-hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Eï¼Íï-»ôhü did you count the money? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hPÞ¾-hï-Íï-z¯ÛÅü did you eat? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¸-¤-¸!ôÅ-Íï-±¼ü did you find everything you need? Eôh-¾-hGôÅ-qºÛ-T-¾G-±P-¤-¾ôm-Íï-ÅôP.ü did you get a receipt? Eôh-ˆÛ-‚ãP-º²Ûm-hï-¾ôm-Íï-ÅôP.ü did they learn today’s lesson well? Dô-±ôÅ-hï-¼P-GÛ-ÇÀôz-±m-hï-»G-qô-ŸÛG-¢PÅ-ÍïÅôP.

ü did you know the lama? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-„À-¤-hï-Pô-Íï-ÁïÅü did you know the mantra? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÇSGÅ-hï-Íï-ÁïÅü did you like it? Eôh-hï-¾-Íï-hGºü did you not cry? Eôh-PÞÅ-¤ïh-h¤ü did you pray? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Ÿ¾-ºhôm-Íï-zhômü did you proof-read this text? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hïz-hï-ŸÝ-hG-Íï-‚Åü did you receive the gift I sent you? P-±ôÅ-zÇ+ݼ-zºÛ-¾G-dG-(ºzz-D)-hï-Eôh-¾-º‚ô¼-ÍïÅôP.ü did you remember to bring it or did you forget it? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-Eï¼-ºôP-z-im-ÅôP-P¤-»P-m-zXïh-ÅôP.ü did you wear it yet? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-h-hÝP-hï-Hôm-¤ïh-h¤ü do animals have feelings? Åï¤Å-Tm-¾-±ô¼-z-»ôh-ˆÛ-!Íï-¼ïhü do I have any messages? P-¾-ºyÛm-GP-»P-Íï-»ôh-GÛ do I have batteries? P-¾-»Å-lô-Íï-»ôh-h¤ü do I have that book? P-¾-hïz-hï-Íï-»ôh-h¤ü do it like this 12 .ü did you take (eat) your medicine? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Ǩm-Íï-¸ôÅü did you understand? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÁïÅ-Íï-ÅôP.Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Vß-±ôh-¼ÛP-qô-ŸÛG-¾-zÇKÝGÅ-hGôÅ-‚ãP-ÍïÅôP.

hï-ºhÛ-ºi-‚ôÅü do the Chinese students study hard? M-mG-GÛ-ÇÀôz-¤-n¤Å-HÛÅ-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-Èà¼-fG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-! Íï-¼ïhü do these fruits not have fewer seeds? Á!ÛP-bôG-ºhÛ-±ô-¾-¸ï-ºƒâ-ZÝP-®¤-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü do they bite? ºhÛ-±ôÅ-Åô-ºhïzÅ-HÛ-Íï-¼ïhü do they not have more tea? DôP-±ô-¾-hï-¾Å-W-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü do they not waste? DôP-±ôÅ-Vßh-¸ôÅ-ÅÞ-GbôP-¤ïh-h¤ü do those nomads not have yaks? w-GÛ-ºƒôG-q-±ô-¾-G»G-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü do we have everything we need to fill the statues? P-±ô-¾-Ç+Ý-n¤Å-¾-hGôÅ-qºÛ-¸ÞP-ºWâG-GÛ-»ô-‚h±P-¤-»ôh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü do we need a permit for that? P-±!ô-¾-hï-¾-VôG-¤Vm-hGôÅ-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü do we need to keep these anymore or can they be thrown away? P-±ôÅ-ºhÛ-n¤Å-Z¼-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïh-»P-m-ºhÛ-n¤Å-¤¼G»ÞG-ˆP-VôG-mÛ-¼ïhü do we not have extra batteries? P-±ô-¾-»Å-lô-¿ËG-¤-hGôÅ-mÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü do we not have toothpaste? P-±ô-¾-Åô-Ǩm-»ôh-mÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü do you agree with the plan? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-ºhÛ-¾-¤ôÅ-¤fÞm-Íï-»ôhü do you agree? Eôh-¾-¤ôÅ-¤fÞm-Íï-»ôhü do you feel any pain? Eôh-¾-¸ÞG-G²ï¼-!Íï-»ôh-GÛ do you feel sick? Eôh-Íï-m-GÛ 13 .

º-DG-Íï-»ôh-GÛ do you have the time to meet on this weekend? Eôh-¾-G¸º-ºDô¼-ºhÛºÛ-¤WâG-¾-fÞG-MãºÛ-Vß-±ôhÍï-»ôhü do you have the time to talk? Eôh-¾-Ç+h-V-zÁh-MãºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-Íï-»ôhü do you have to have surgery? Eôh-GÁG-zTôÅ-‚ïh-Íï-hGôÅ-GÛ 14 .do you happen to know who wrote this prayer? GÅô¾-ºhïzÅ-ºhÛ-ÅÞ-»ÛÅ-ƒÛÅ-q-»Ûm-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Íï-ÁïÅü do you have a headache? Eï-¾-¤Gô-Íï-m-GÛ do you have a hobby? Eôh-¾-¾Å-Ÿô¼-HÛ-hGº-xôGÅ-Íï-»ôhü do you have a message to send? Eôh-¾-Ç+h-zÇ+ݼ-(ºyÛm)-zÇ+ݼMã-Íï-»ôhü do you have any blank CD? Eôh-¾-ºôh-Çkï¼-ÇeôP-q-GP-¼ÞP-¼ï-Íï-»ôhü do you have any blessing pills? Eôh-¾-h¤-µÅ-¼Û¾-zÞ-GP-¼ÞP-Íï-»ôhü do you have any gift items for sale? Eôh-¾-¾G-dG-GÛ-(ºzz-DºÛ)-¼ÛGÅ-GP-¼ÞP-º±ôP-MãÍï-»ôhü do you have any instructions about scheduling your travel? Eôh-¾-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-¼!ïºÞ-¤ÛG-GÛ-¾¤-Çeôm-¼ï-Íï-»ôhü do you have any latest news? Eôh-¾-Gż-ºHã¼-Gż-z-Gż-AP-¼ï-Íï-»ôhü do you have any painkiller medicine? Eôh-¾-G²ï¼-ºWô¤Å-Ǩm-¼ï-Íï-»ôhü do you have any suggestions? Eôh-¾-zŤ-±ß¾-GP-¼ÞP-Íï-»ôhü do you have bandage? Eôh-¾-Ǩm-¼ÎÅ-Íï-»ôhü do you have difficulty getting up? Eôh-¾-ŸôGÅ-q-ÇS-zô-mÅ-»¼-¾P-Mã-h.

do you have vegetarian food? Eôh-¾-Á-¤ïh-ˆÛ-¸Å-Íï-»ôhü do you know how to drive a car? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-L-ºIâ¾-(½ÀP-ºDô¼)-GbôP-Íï-ÁïÅü do you know how to practice? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-GP-ºi-‚ïh-hGôÅ-!Íï-ÁïÅü do you know if we will go out this evening? hô-hG!ôP-P-±ôÅ-xÛ-¾ôG-¾-ºIô-¤Û-ºIô-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÍïÁïÅü do you know some english? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-h‚Ûm-Ç+h-ºGº-Íï-ÁïÅü do you know that lama? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-w-GÛ-„À-¤-hï-Pô-Íï-ÁïÅü do you like momos? Eôh-¼P-¤ô-¤ô-¾-Íï-hGºü do you miss home? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-EÛ¤-Íï-im-GÛ do you need to cut your fingernails Eôh-ˆÛ-Åïm-¤ô-Gbàz-!Íï-hGôÅü do you need to wash any clothes? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Hôm-q-GP-¼ÞP-ºFâ-Íï-hGôÅü do you not intend to keep? Eôh-¾-Z¼-zºÛ-h¤ÛGÅ-»Þ¾-¤ïh-h¤ü do you remember? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Íï-im-GÛ do you sing? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-JÀâ-¾ïm-Íï-ÁïÅü do you think we will reach on time? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-zŤ-m-P-±ô-hÝÅ-±ôh-bG-bG-fôG-ºÎ‚ô¼-HÛÍï-¼ïhü do you use it? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-zïh-uôh-!GbôP-GÛ-Íï-»ôhü do you want to exchange it for the watch or the camera? 15 .

g.Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-Vß-±ôh-hï-hP-zXï-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-h¤-q¼-VÅ-! hï-hP-zXï-zŤ-HÛ-»ôhü does he know what happened to the book I put here? PÅ-ºhÛ¼-zŸG-»ôh-qÅ-hïz-hï-¾-TÛ-‚ãP-DôÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-Íï¼ïhü does he not have any malas? Dô-¾-yïP-z-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü does he/she drink? Dô-zôÅ-º¤-Dô-¤ôÅ-VP-ºfÞP-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü does he/she not have a new khata? Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾-D-zbGÅ-Gż-z-¼ï-¤ïh-h¤ü does he/she not? Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾-¤ïh-h¤ü does it fit? (e. new clothes) Hôm-q-Gż-q-hï-Íï-ºIÛG-GÛ does it not increase? hï-¤P-¼Û-ºIô-GÛ-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü does it not open? hïÅ-ÇKô-xï-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü does she have medicine for this sickness? mh-ºhÛ-¾-Dô-¤ô-¾-Ǩm-Íï-»ôh-GÛ does that dog bite? w-GÛ-EÛ-hïÅ-!Íï-º²âm-m¤ü does that not break? hï-VG-¤-ÅôP-P¤ü does that plant have a yellow flower? w-GÛ-¯ÓÛ-ÁP-hï-¾-¤ï-bôG-Åï¼-qô-»ôh-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü does the dog bite? EÛ-hïÅ-!Íï-º²âm-m¤ü does the doorbell not work? ÇKôºÛ-TôP-zl-hï-IG-GÛ-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü does this belong to you? hï-Eôh-¼P-!GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü does this bite? 16 .

ü don’t do like this hï-ºi-¤-‚ïhü don’t take pictures here ºhÛ¼-q¼-¤-¾ïmü don’t we need a thicker coat for the winter? hGÝm-D¼-P-±ô-¾-Çeôh-¾Ð-hï-¾Å-¤fÞGÅ-!q!ô¼ŸÛG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü don’t worry Å!ï¤Å-DÞ¼-¤-‚ïhü don't forget to eat your medicine Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Ǩm-¸-Mã-¤-zXïhü due to a successful career. past and present.ºhÛÅ-Åô-ºhïzÅ-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü does this not burn? ºhÛÅ-ÆïG-Mã-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü does this turn? ºhÛ-ºDô¼-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü does your clothes need to be washed? Eôh-ˆÛ-Hôm-q-n¤Å-ºFâ-Íï-hGôÅü don’t analyze too much zŤ-„Àô-¤P-qô-¤-GbôP.-»ôhü. the tradition is to blow out the candles and make a wish BïÅ-Ç+¼-HÛ-vô-BÛh-Ç+zÅü »P-¾Ð-n¤Å-wÞºÛ-zÅh-hïǨôm-¾¤-ºhïzÅ-Mã-hï-Æô¾-Mãm-ŸÛG-¼ïhü during what times tomorrow will you be busy? ÅP-ZÛm-!Vß-±ôh-m¤-Eôh-¼P-¾-¾Å-. he is rich DôºÛ-º±ô-¾Å-¾ïGÅ-ºIâz-‚ãP-zÅ-Dô-xãG-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü (Dô-¾-¾¤-ºIô-»G-qô-‚ãP-zÅ-Dô-xãG-qô-ŸÛG-»Ûmü) due to the many aspiration prayers of holy beings. we are blessed h¤-q-n¤Å-ˆÛ-ÇSôm-¤-hP-h-¿eºÛ-Ǩôm-¾¤-HÛ-¤fÞ-¾zdïmü P-±ô-BÛh-qô-¼ïhü during a birthday party.(ÅPZÛm-m¤-±ôh-Eôh-¾-Dô¤-¾ôP-¤ïhü) 17 .

ü everybody together ±P-¤-¿Ëm-º²ô¤Åü everyone is entitled to their own opinion ¤Û-±P-¤¼-¼ÛP-GÛ-zŤ-±ß¾-ºhôm-q¼-hzP-V-»ôhü everything I know I learned in the last six years PÅ-GP-ÁïÅ-q-V-±P-ºhÅ-qºÛ-¾ô-iâG-mP-¾-¢PÅq-»Ûmü 18 .ü education is very expensive in this country M¾-Dz-ºh!ÛºÛ-mP-ÁïÅ-»ôm-(ÇÀôz-IÔ)-È-TP-GÛ-GôPVïm-qô-¼ïhü even by that time he will probably not be here f-m-Ç+zÅ-hï¼-Dô-ºhÛ¼-w¾-Vï¼-zÇÀïz-»ôh-Mã-¤¼ïhü even if you cannot remember everything.ü eating vegetables is healthy ÇSô-±¾-¸-m-zhï-fP-¾-z¸P. some people still traveled by horses only a hundred years ago Í-¼ÛºÛ-mP-m-»P-¾ô-zMºÛ-ÇSôm-hÝ-h-hÝP-¤Û-ºGºdºÛ-GôP-¾-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-‚Å-q-¼ïhü even next year.ü Gmh-zÇkÝÅ-hïim-fzÅ-‚ôÅü even in America. try to remember the summary G¾-ÆÛh-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-±P-¤-im-¤-fÞz-ˆP. the construction work to rebuild the monastery will not yet have been started hGôm-qºÛ-zB¼-GÅô-¾Å-GŸÛ-hï-f-m-¾ô-XïÅ-¤ºÛ-mPh-hÝP-ºGô-º²âGÅ-»ôh-Mã-¤-¼ïhü even the translator was surprised f-m-Ç+h-Nå¼-z-»P-Pô-¤±¼-!(ÈP)-ÅôP.each year we have to renew the permit P-±ôÅ-¾ô-¼ï¼-mP-VôG-¤Vm-hï-Gż-z¸ô-hGôÅ-Mã¼ïhü eating too much butter is not good for health ¤¼-¤P-qô-¸-m-zhï-fP-¾-¤Û-z¸P.

ü exactly! (precisely) bG-bG-¼ïhü excuse me! (getting someone's attention) GTÛG-Zm-¼ôGÅü exercise is very important. but don’t stop right away ¾ÞÅ-¯¾-¢P-Mã-È-TP-G¾-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü Eôh-¼P-¾Qâ¾-Vß-fôm-¼G-q¼-hÝ-¾ÞÅ-¯¾-¢ôP.-GŸm-GP-»P-¤-‚Å-GôP. we cannot analyze hP-qô-P-±ôÅ-ÇÀôz-FÛh-(VôÅ-FÛh)-¾-Zm-¤-GbôGÅ-¤Zm-q¼-P-±ôÅ-Gô-hôm-dôGÅ-¤Û-fÞzü five years from now.ü »Ûm-»P-hï-¤fG-¤±¤Å-¤-ºWôG feel free to use another blanket if you need G¾-ÆÛh-Eôh-¼P-¾-hGôÅ-m-Z¾-fÞ¾-GŸm-q-ŸÛGHômü º²ï¤Å-hGôÅ-mÛ-¤-¼ïhü first I need to relax before I do anything else PÅ-¾Å-.everything would have been okay under different circumstances GmÅ-±ß¾-¤Û-ºi-zºÛ-ºôG-V-±P-ºIÛG-ÅôP. salad is better than fired foods ºyôh-Çeïm-HÛ-¿k-±ß¾-¿e¼-mü ¸Å-z®ôÅ-¤-¾Å-ÇSô±¾-½Àôm-q-»G-qô-»ôhü from now on. concentrate on this practice 19 . because without hearing. exercise until you sweat. the monastery will be rebuilt h-mÅ-z¸ÞP-¾ô-¿SºÛ-mP-hGôm-q-hï-zB¼-GÅô-±¼-Mã¼ïhü fold your clothes neatly Eôh-¼P-GÛ-Hôm-q-n¤Å-¿kïz-z¯ïG-»G-qô-ŸÛG-Môzü four multiplied by two is eight zŸÛ-GZÛÅ-¾-zNå¼-m-zMh-¼ïhü from a health point of view.ü hP-qô-PÅ-P¾-GÅôŸÛG-MG-hGôÅ-GÛ first turn to the left and then to the right hP-qô-G»ôm-xôGÅ-ÅÞ-ºDô¼-hï-mÅ-G»Å-ÅÞ-ºDô¼ü First we must hear the teachings.

P¤ü) have some tea W-ŸÛG-ºfÞP.-hï-Gm¤-IâºÛJÀ-V-»Ûmü has he woke up? Dô-zô-GZÛh-Åh-Íï-ºhÝGü has it been that long since we last met? P-±ô-XïÅ-¤-fÞG-mÅ-»Ûm-¼ÛP-qô-ŸÛG-ºGô¼-!Íï-ÅôPP¤ü (P-±ô-¤-fÞG-mÅ-»Þm-¼ÛP-qô-ŸÛG-ºGô¼-Íï-ÅôP.h-mÅ-z¸ÞP-Z¤Å-¾ïm-ÇKP-¾-„Àô-¯ï-GTÛG-bà-OÛ¤Åü from now on.ü have the students already assembled? ÇÀôz-¤-±P-¤-º²ô¤Å-±¼-hÝ-VßG 20 .-hGôm-q-¾-»Ûm-xïh-.ôm-¤VôG-¤Eïmü !(Íô-„À-¤-¤Eïmü) good morning! ŸôGÅ-q-zhï-¾ïGÅü (Z¾-Å-Íï-zhïü) goodbye! zhï-¤ô-‚ôÅü (G-¾ï¼-wïzÅü) (h-±ï-¼ÛP) goodnight! hGôP-¤ô-zhï-¾ïGÅü (Z¾-Å-zhïü) Guru Rinpoche founded the Nyingma tradition GÝ-¼Þ-¼Ûm-qô-Vï-»ÛÅ-½‰ÛP-¤-q-hzÞ-z½‰ïÅ-q¼‚Åü half of this money is for monastery and the other half is for air tickets hPÞ¾-ºhÛºÛ-xïh-. I won't do that h-mÅ-z¸ÞP-!PÅ-hï-¾Å-Mã-¤Ûmü good afternoon! ZÛm-GôP-zhï-¾ïGÅü good deeds helps remove obstacles ‚-uôh-G®P-¤ºÛ-z¼-Vh-Åï¾-¼ôGÅ-‚ïhü good evening! hG!ôP-iô-zhï-¾ïGÅü good heavens! h.

have you already eaten? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¸-¤-¸ôÅ-Íï-±¼ü have you been able to decide what to do? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-‚-z-GP-‚Å-fG-GTôh-‚Å-fÞz-±¼-Íï-ÅôP.ü he can come any day after tomorrow Dô-ÅP-ZÛm-XïÅ-mÅ-m¤-»ôP-m-ºIÛG he can drink this in five gulps 21 .ü have you ever been to Golok? Eôh-¤Gô-¾ôG-¾-ºIô-¥ôP-Íï-»ôh have you ever eaten (tried) this before? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ºhÛ-ÇSôm-¤¼-¸-Íï-¥ôPü have you never eaten this fruit before? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Á!ÛP-bôG-ºhÛ-ÇSôm-¤¼-Gbm-mÅ-¸-¥ôP-¤ïhh¤ü have you really decided to quit your job? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Pô-¤-¾Å-GmÅ-mÅ-ƒ¾-z¼-fG-GTôh-‚Å-±¼-zÍï-»Ûmü he acts like this Dô-zô-ºhÛ-ºi-ºFz-ˆÛ-ºhÝG he almost resigned? Dô-zôÅ-È-¾¤-¾Å-GmÅ-hP-ºƒ¾-Íï-ÅôP.ü he came about 30 minutes ago Dô-È-¾¤-Ç+¼-¤-30GôP-¾-zÇÀïzÅ-ÅôP.ü he arrived yesterday Dô-D-ÅP-zÇÀïzÅ-ÅôP.ü he broke a window by throwing stones DôÅ-lô-ºwPÅ-mÅ-Ç+¼-DÞP-ŸÛG-zTGÅ-ÅôP.ü he called when we were ordering food in the restaurant P-±ôÅ-¸-DP-mP-hÝ-¸-¤-zbP-Ç+zÅ-DôÅ-D-q¼-zbPÅôP.ü he broke it with his hands hï-DôP-GÛ-¾G-qÅ-zTGÅ-ÅôP.ü he brought this ºhÛ-DôÅ-Eï¼-mÅ-»ôP-ÅôP.

ü he did not shout DôÅ-Ç+h-Tô¼-zMz-¤-ÅôP.ü he doesn't see the point in chanting without understanding the words ±ÛG-hôm-¤-Gô-z¼-ºhôm-q-hï-¾-DôÅ-ljÛP-qô-¤fôPGÛ-¤Û-ºhÝG he drew us a local map DôÅ-P-±ô-¾-Å-GmÅ-ˆÛ-Å-F-ŸÛG-ƒÛÅ-ÅôP.ü he didn't find it hï-DôÅ-½‰ïh-¤-ÅôP.ü he comes often Dô-dG-q¼-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü he concealed a gun under his jacket D!ôÅ-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-Çeôh-¾ÐºÛ-ºôG-bà-zôÅ-fÞP-ŸÛGzÇ+ÝPÅ-ºhÝG he did indeed come Dô-Pô-¤-»ôP-ÅôP.DôôÅ-ºhÛ-Èàz-¿S-‚Å-mÅ-ºfÞP-fÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü he can't decide what to do DôÅ-GP-‚Å-hGôÅ-fG-GTôh-‚Å-fÞz-¤Û-ºhÝG he chanted while I drove PÅ-L-ºIâ¾-zbP-¼ÛP-¾-DôÅ-Ÿ¾-ºhôm-zbôm-ÅôP.ü he did not answer the phone DôÅ-D-q¼-¾ïm-¤-ÅôP.-mÅ-ºƒ¾-z¼-ºhôh-q-¤ïh-GÛ he doesn't appear to be very happy Dô-È-TP-BÛh-qô-ºi-zô-¤Û-ºhÝG he doesn't like the idea Dô-zŤ-„Àô-hï-¾-hGº-¤-ÅôP.ü 22 .ü he explained how he grew up DôÅ-Dô-¼P-º±¼-¾ôPÅ-G-ºi-‚ãP-z-ºƒï¾-zÁh-‚Å-ÅôP.ü he does not have any money Dô-¾-hPÞ¾-GP-»P-¤ïh-GÛ he does not want to quit !Dô-¾Å-.

ü he has his own business Dô-¾-Dô-¼ÛP-ZÛh-ˆÛ-¾Å-.º-DG-‚ãP-ÅôP.ü he has questions about the monks in your monastery 23 .ü he had problems Dô-¾-h.ü he fixed the prayer wheels (the ones that were not working) DôÅ-!ºDô¼-¾ô-n¤Å-zB¼-GÅô-‚Å-ÅôP.ü he finished reading this book DôÅ-hïz-ºhÛ-z>ÀGÅ-±¼-ÅôP.ºÛ-zT¼-ºiÛ-ŸÛG-»ôhü he has an expensive car Dô-¾-L-ºIâ¾-GôP-Vïm-ŸÛG-»!ôh-GÛ he has been working his whole life DôÅ-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-¤Û-±ï-GP-¾-¾Å-.ü he had not yet called back by 4:00 O’ Clock DôÅ-xÛ-i!ôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-4q-±ßm-¾-D-q¼-h-hÝP-zbP-¤ÅôP.-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ he has not decided .ü he has eaten DôÅ-¸-±¼-ÅôP.ü he has a job-interview tomorrow Dô-¾-ÅP-ZÛm-¾Å-.-‚Å-ÅôP.he fell from his horse Dô-d-¾Å-¿ËàP-ÅôP.ü he gave me a chance to say something D!ôÅ-P-¾-Ç+h-V-zÁh-qºÛ-Gô-Ç+zÅ-ŸÛG-vh-ÅôP.he is still thinking about it D!ôÅ-fG-GTôh-±¼-¤Û-ºhÝGü DôÅ-h-hÝP-hïºÛ-Ç+ô¼¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-zŸÛm-ºhÝG he has not yet finished DôÅ-h-hÝP-±¼-¤Û-ºhÝG he has our telephone number Dô-¾-P-±ôºÛ-D-q¼-ÍP-IPÅ-»ôhü he has paid the bills DôÅ-JÀ-V-n¤Å-vh-±¼-ÅôP.

ü he is a very pleasant person Dô-mÛ-È-TP-GÛ-¤Û-BÛh-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü he is already gone Dô-ºIô-±¼-ÅôP.ü he is also coming Dô-»P-»ôP-GÛ-»ôhü he is asking if he should stay or leave DôÅ-Dô-ºIô-hGôÅ-m-zÇkh-hGôÅ-m-Ç+h-V-ºiÛ-zŸÛmºhÝG he is asking will you accept him as a disciple DôÅ-Eïh-¼P-GÛ-hPôÅ-ÇÀôz-Zm-¤Û-ZÛm-Ç+h-V-ºiÛzŸÛm-ºhÝG he is confused DôÅ-È-Gô-¤-ÅôP.ü (DôÅ-¤-Gô-fü) he is four years old Dô-¾ô-zŸÛ-¼ïhü he is going Dô-ºIô-zŸÛm-ºhÝG he is good at cooking Dô-¸-¤-¾Å-(z¸ô-)-¤Dm-»G-qô-ŸÛG-!»Ûmü he is kind Dô-¤Û-Åï¤Å-z¸P-ŸÛG-»Ûmü he is learned because he focused on his studies DôÅ-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-ÇeïP-Èà¼-z¯ôm-‚Å-qÅ-Dô-ÁïÅ-»ôm-TmŸÛG-¼ïhü he is not an expert 24 .Dô-¾-Eïh-¼P-GÛ-hGôm-qºÛ-mP-GÛ-IÔ-z-n¤Å-ˆÛÇ+ô¼-¾-ºiÛ-z-ºGº-ºhÝG he has yet to cut the fruits DôÅ-h-hÝP-Á!ÛP-bôG-hï-±ô-G®zÅ-¤ïh-GÛ he has yet to start practicing DôÅ-h-hÝP-Z¤Å-¾ïm-ºGô-º²âGÅ-¤Û-ºhÝG he hit me with a stick DôÅ-h‚ãG-q-ŸÛG-GÛ-P-¾-GŸÝ-ÅôP.

but also about computers DôÅ-¸-¤-z¸ô-ÁïÅ-qÅ-¤-±h->ÀôG-JÀh-Ç+ô¼-¾-»P-ÁïňÛ-¼ïhü he lived in India until he was seventeen 25 .ü he kills animals DôÅ-Åï¤Å-Tm-HÛ-ÆôG-zTh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü (Dô-zÁm-q-ŸÛG¼ïhü) he knows about this.ü he killed himself DôÅ-¼ÛP-¤ïh-‚Å-ÅôP. but he is not a professional ºhÛºÛ-Ç+ô¼-DôÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-Dô-hï-¾-¤DÅq-¤-¼ïhü he knows not only about cooking.Dô-¤DÅ-hzP-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü he is not sure what to do DôÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¤ïh-GÛ he is not talking D!ôÅ-D-zl-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¤ïh-GÛ he is one of the students Dô-ÇÀôz-¤ºÛ-mP-mÅ-GTÛG-¼ïhü he is pretending not to know DôÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅ-¤hôG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-ºhÝG he is smiling a lot today Dô-hï-¼P-º²â¤-¤ô¾-¤ô¾-‚Å-ˆÛ-ºhÝG he is special Dô-h¤ÛGÅ-zž-¼ïhü he is Thondup Dô-hôm-ºIâz-¼ïhü he is throwing a party and inviting you DôÅ-vô-BÛh-ŸÛG-GbôP-GÛ-»ôh-GÛü Eôh-¤Iôm-ºzôh‚Å-ˆÛ-ºhÝG he is wishing DôÅ-Ǩôm-¾¤-ºhïzÅ-zŸÛm-ºhÝG he jumped from the roof Dô-DP-fôG-mÅ-¤VôPÅ-ÅôP.

ü he made an announcement DôÅ-Gž-zOGÅ-ŸÛG-‚Å-ÅôP.ü he said he did not receive the package DôÅ-Dô-¾-zTº-¾G-hï-º‚ô¼-¤-ÅôP-¸ï¼ü he said he will definitely come. "I will do it" DôÅ-"hï-PÅ-¾Å"¸ï¼ü 26 .Dô-¾ô-zTß-zhÝm-q¼-hÝ-M-G¼-¾-zÇkh-q-¼ïhü he looked after my things while I was gone P-ÅôP-XïÅ-PºÛ-T-¾G-n¤Å-¾-DôÅ-z¿eÅ-ÅôP.ü he probably doesn’t have it Dô-¾-hï-w¾-Vï¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü he pushed me DôÅ-P-¾-wÞh-MG-zbP-ÅôP.ü he made torma from (using) “oatmeal” DôÅ-“oatmeal” HÛ-Gbô¼-¤-z¸ôÅ-ÅôP.ü he may have gone out of town Dô-IôP-q-mÅ-ÅôP-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü he might have your camera Eôh-¼P-GÛ-q¼-VÅ-DôºÛ-¾G-m-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-qü he misunderstood the meaning Dô-¾-mP-hôm-hï-Gô-¾ôGÅ-‚ãP-ÅôP. although he might be late Dô-ºGô¼-»Pü Dô-»Ûm-GTÛG-¤Ûm-GTÛG-ºôPGÛ-»Ûm-¸ï¼ü he said he would not do it DôÅ-hï-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¤Ûm-¸ï¼ü he said to keep in touch DôÅ-Dô-¾-ºƒï¾-z-ˆÛÅ-¸ï¼ü he said.ü he must have left by now Dô-h-PïÅ-q¼-hÝ-ÅôP-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü he picked it up with his bare hands DôÅ-hï-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-¾G-q-Xïm-qÅ-„ÀPÅ-ÅôP.ü he replied that he will not be able to come DôÅ-Dô-ºôP-fÞz-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïh-¸ï¼-mÅ-¾m-zMz-ÅôP.

ü he wants a protective neck-chord Dô-¾-ÆâP-ºDô¼-ŸÛG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü 27 .ü he threw away the empty box (intentionally) DôÅ-ÁôG-ÇK¤-ÇeôP-z-hï-G»ÞGÅ-ÅôP.ü he threw away your letter (unintentionally – he didn’t know what it was) DôÅ-hï-WÛ-»Ûm-¤-ÁïÅ-q¼-Eïh-ˆÛ-ºyÛm-»ÛG-hïG»ÞGÅ-ºhÝG he took it without permission DôÅ-hï-Ç+h-V-¤-iÛÅ-q¼-Eï¼-ÅôP.he says he knows how to fix it DôÅ-hï-G-ºi-zB¼-GÅô-‚ïh-hGôÅ-ÁïÅ-¸ï¼ü he sealed the envelope with glue DôÅ-»ÛG-ÁÝz-hïºÛ-D-¢!Ûm-VߺÛ-¢¼-ÅôP. but he knows nothing DôÅ-ÁïÅ-zŤ-HÛ-ºhÝG-»Ûm-»P-DôÅ-TÛ-»P-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ he threw a big party to welcome the guests DôÅ-Ç+Ý-¤Iôm-hï-n¤Å-¾-hGº-zÅÞ-ŸÝ-mÅ-fÞGÅ-vôVïm-qô-ŸÛG-zbP-ÅôP.ü he seems to have many strange ideas Dô-¾-zŤ-„Àô-Eh-¤±¼-¤P-qô-»ôh-D-¼ïhü he speaks english perfectly DôÅ-h‚Ûm-Ç+h-bG-bG-zÁh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü he studied at night DôÅ-¤±m-¤ô-ÇÀôz-¢PÅ-‚Å-q-¼ïhü he talks a lot DôÅ-¤P-qô-zÁh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü he thinks he knows.ü he touches everything when we go shopping P-±ô-±ôP-MG-¾-ºIô-hÝÅ-DôÅ-zTº-¾G-±P-¤-¾-fÞGHÛ-ºhÝG he tries to help DôÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-q¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôP-GÛ-¼ïhü he vomited Dô-BåGÅ-ÅôP.

ü he was saved thanks to that stranger Pô-¤Û-ÁïÅ-qºÛ-¤Û-hïºÛ-z. but usually he is serious Dô-¤±¤Å-¤±¤Å-¾-¤bôGÅ-m¤-Mãm-Gh-¤ô-ºVô¼-Mã¤-¼ïhü he will not return until friday Dô-¼ï-G¸º-wÞ¼-zÞºÛ-z¼-hÝ-xÛ¼-ºôP-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü 28 .Ý-ÁÝ-hP-±-¾Þ-¤-D¤-zÞ-n¤Å-M-¤¼-±h-ÅôP.ü he will laugh occasionally.ü he was there when it happened hï-‚ãP-hÝÅ-Dô-zô-hï¼-»ôh-q-¼ïhü he weighed the apples.º-iÛm-¾-Dô-zôºÛ-ÆôG-BzÅÅôP.he wants the coat that we bought yesterday P-±ôÅ-D-ÅP-ZôÅ-ˆÛ-Çeôh-¾Ð-hï-Dô-¾-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhGÛ he wants to apologize for that mistake DôÅ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-hïºÛ-Vïh-¾-hGôPÅ-hG-ŸÝ-zŤHÛ-»ôhü he wants to carry the bag for you DôÅ-Eôh-¼P-GÛ-DÞG-¤-hï-DÞ¼-zŤ-HÛ-»ôhü he wants to offer this to you DôÅ-hï-Eïh-¾-¢Ûm-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ he wants to sit down Dô-¤¼-zÇkh-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ he wants to talk with you DôÅ-Eïh-¾-D-zl-ŸÛG-zÁh-zŤ-HÛ-»ôhü he was arrested for breaking the law Dô-¯-FÛ¤Å-hP-ºG¾-zÅ-º²âm-z¸ÞP-‚Å-ÅôP.ü he was holding a knife DôÅ-IÛ-ŸÛG-z¸ÞP-ºhÝG he was imprisoned for almost 20 years Dô-¾-w¾-Vï¼-¾ô-ZÛ-ÁݺÛ-FÛ¤Å-fG-zTh-ÅôP. oranges and peaches DôÅ-.ü he was injured Dô-¾-©Å-Bôm-wôGÅ-ÅôP.

he will probably come Dô-w¾-Vï¼-ºôP-Mã-¼ïhü he wishes to represent us Dô-¾-P-±ôºÛ-±z-‚ïh-ˆÛ-ºhôh-q-»ôhü he would like to discuss something with you DôÅ-Eïh-¼P-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-ŸÛG-‚ïh-zŤHÛ-»ôh-ÅôP.º) here she comes 29 .ü he would like to introduce a new friend to you DôÅ-Dô-¼P-GÛ-IôGÅ-q!ô-Gż-q-hï-Eïh-¾-Pô-vôhŸÛG-‚ïh-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ he.ü he/she did not teach Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-ÇÀôz-FÛh‚Å-¤-ÅôP.ü hello! (greetings) z=-ÁÛÅ-zhï-¾ïGÅü (ÍÞ-h.ü he/she does not have a job Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾-‚-z-(¾Å-.)-¤ïhü he/she has a dog Dô-¾-º¤-¤ô-¾-EÛ-ŸÛG-»ôhü he/she is a farmer Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-ŸÛP-q-(¼ôP-q)-ŸÛG-¼ïhü he/she is calling Dô-zôÅ-º¤-Dô-¤ôÅ-D-q¼-GbôP-HÛm-ºhÝG he/she is not sleeping Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-Z¾-¤Û-ºhÝG he/she will not quit Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾Å-GmÅ-hP-ºƒ¾-HÛ-¤-¼ïhü he/she woke up Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤!ô-GZÛÅ-Åh-ºhÝG he’s starting to understand DôÅ-h-ÁïÅ-ÅôP. lifted that heavy box Dô-hP-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-IôGÅ-qô-±ôÅ-¤Z¤-hÝ-w-GÛ-ÇK¤¿YÛh-¤ô-hï-»¼-zbGÅ-ÅôP. along with his friends.

¤ô-ºhÛ-m-ºôP-GÛ-ºhÝG his card only has the name of his company – it does not say what kind of work he does Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-D-‚P-ÇKP-¾-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-¾Å-DÞP-GÛ-¤! ÛP-¤-GbôGÅü GŸm-DôÅ-¾Å-.ü how does one create footprints on a rock? ¤Û-ŸÛG-GÛÅ-G-ºi-lô-fôGÅ-¾-ŸzÅ-XïÅ-zŸGÅ-q-»Ûmm¤ü how far is it between Chengdu and Tromthar? FÛm-bàºÞ-mÅ-Fô¤-¤fº-z¼-fG-G-±ôh-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü 30 .-TÛ-ŸÛG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôh-zÁh¤Û-ºhÝG his father died DôôºÛ-w-Lm-ÁÛ-ÅôP. otherwise there is danger of falling Eôh-¼P-GÛ-¾G-qÅ-h¤-qô¼-ºWâ-¤-GbôGÅ-¤¼-¿ËàPz¼-Zïm-D-ºhÝG how are you? Eïh-¼P-zhï-¤ô-Íï-»Ûmü how can I stay relaxed in samsara? P-ºDô¼-zºÛ-mP-¾-¿Ëôh-¿Ëôh-ŸÛG-G-ºi-ºhÝG-fÞz-ˆÛ¼ïhü how can I tell if these are authentic? ºhÛ-±ô-bG-¤-»Ûm-¤m-PÅ-G-!ºi-zÁhfÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how can it be alright for children abandon their parents? ‚Å-q-n¤Å-ˆ!ÛÅ-Dô-±ôºÛ-w-¤-Bå¼-zŸG-m-hï-G-!ºi-ŸÛGºIÛG-GÛ-¼ïhü how can that be okay? hï-G-ºi-ŸÛG-ºIÛG-GÛ-¼ïhü how do you know that? hï-Eïh-ˆÛ-G-!ºi-ÁïÅ-ÅôP.ü his first option is this DôºÛ-ºhï¤Å-G-hP-qô-hï-ºhÛ-¼ïhü his personality seems strange today hï-¼ÛP-DôºÛ-n¤-ºHã¼-hï-Eh-¤±¼-ŸÛG-¼ïhü hold on tight with your hands.

ü how long might you stay? Eïh-¼P-G-±ôh-¾-ºhÝG-GÛ-»Ûmü (Eôh-ZÛ-¤-hÝ-¾ºhÝG-GÛ-»Ûmü) how long will the ceremony continue? hÝÅ-Çeôm-hï-G-±ôh-ŸÛG-¾-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how long will the teachings last? VôÅ-FÛh-G-±ôh-ŸÛG-¾-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how long will the Tsampa last? ¯¤-qÅ-G-±ôh-ŸÛG-¾-ºhPÅ-GÛ how long will this take? !ºhÛÅ-G-±ôh-ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü (hï-¾-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-zGô¼¼¤) how many bags will you have? Eôh-¾-DÞ¤-¤-G-±ôh-»ôhü how many copies should I make? PÅ-ºi-zÁÝÅ-G-±ôh-MG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü 31 .ü how long have you been friends? Eïh-¼P-IôGÅ-qô-‚Å-m-G-±ôh-ºGô¼-ÅôP.how far is it? hï-fG-G-±ôh-¼P-GÛ-¼ïhü how good is it? hï-G-ºi-ŸÛG-»G-GÛ how is it written? hï-G-ºi-ƒÛÅ-q-»Ûm-m¤ü how is it? hï-G-ºi-¼ïhü how is this read in Tibetan? ºhÛ-zôh-Ç+h-mP-¾-G-ºi-ŸÛG->ÀôG-GÛ-¼ïhü how long (how much time) does it take to go from Chengdu to Dokho FÛm-bàºÞ-mÅ-lô-Dô-¾-ºIô-z¼-G-±ôh-ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü how long has it been since you last saw your teacher? Eïh-ˆÛÅ-hGï-Lm-(„À-¤)-¤-ºW¾-mÅ-G-!ºi-ŸÛG-ºGô¼ÅôP.

how many days have passed since you arrived? E!ôh-zÇÀïzÅ-mÅ-ZÛm-G-±ôh-ºIô-ÅôPü how many days will you stay? Eôh-ZÛm-G-±ôh-¾-ºhÝG-GÛ-»Ûmü how many monks live in this monastery? hGôm-q-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-IÔ-z-G-±ôh-»ôhü how many of you would like to come? Eôh-¼P-±ô-¤Û-G-±ôh-ºôP-GÛ-»Ûmü how many students will come? ÇÀôz-¤-G-±ôh-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü how many? G-±ôhü (hÝ) how much deposit is needed to rent this room? DP-¤ÛG-ºhÛ-JÀ-m-Gbº-hPÞ¾-G-±ôh-ºWôG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ¼ïhü how much do you practice everyday? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ZÛm-GTÛG-¾-Z¤Å-¾ïm-fïPÅ-G-±ôh-‚ïhˆÛ-»ôhü how much does it cost to rent one week? hï-zhÝm-yG-GTÛG-¾-JÀ-m-G-±ôh-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how much is this? (what is the cost?) ºhÛ-¾-G-±ôh-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how often do Chinese students visit you? M-mG-GÛ-ÇÀôz-¤-n¤Å-fïPÅ-G-±ôh-¾-Eïh-¾-fÞG-GÛºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü how old are you? Eôh-¼P-¾ô-G-±ôh-»Ûmü how old do you have to be to take monk vows IÔ-zºÛ-(hG!ï-±ß¾-ÇÀôP-GÛ)-Çkô¤-q-¾ïm-q-¾-Eôh¼P-¾ô-G-±ôh-¾-fôm-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü how old is that Rinpoche? ¼Ûm-qô-Vï-DôP-hGôPÅ-¾ô-G-±ôh-¼ïhü how should we arrange? P-±ôÅ-I-OÛG-GP-ºi-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-Ťü 32 .

ü I am about to leave for work P-È-¾¤-¾Å-. but not every day P-¾-¸-(‚)-ÇKôP-Gmôhü PÅ-Ç+zÅ-¼ï-¾-fïPÅ-GTÛG-¼ï¸-HÛ-»ôh-»Ûm-»P-ZÛm-dG-q¼-¸-ˆÛ-¤ïhü I am anxious to know what he said DôÅ-TÛ-zÁh-»ôh-q-PÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-ºhôh-q-Vïm-qô-»ôhü I am assuming PÅ-zŤ-HÛm-»ôhü I am concerned that time will be wasted 33 .-¾-ºIô-IzÅ-»Ûmü I am afraid I might die without at least completing ngondro PºÛ-ÇSôm-ºIô-D-¤-GP-GôP-P-ÁÛ-ºIô-Mã-¼ïh-zŤ-mÅCG-GÛ I am afraid of wild animals P-GTm-G¸m-(¼Û-BïÅ-ÆôG-VGÅ-¾-CG)-¾-CG I am allergic to eggs – I can eat them once in a while.ü. my friends help me P-¾-h.ü how will you do it? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-G-ºi-ŸÛG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»Ûmü how would you feel if it happened to you? hï-Eôh-¾-‚ãP-z-»Ûm-mü Eôh-¾-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-»Ûm-HÛ¼ïhü however much difficulty I have.º-DG-G-±ôh-»ôh-ˆP-PÅ-IôGÅ-qô-±ôÅ-P-¾¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü i almost forgot my keys PºÛ-w¾-Vï¼-¿kï-¤ÛG-n¤Å-zXïh-ÅôP.(®ßG-Íï-¸ÛG¤Ûm-m-PÅ-¿kï-¤ÛG-n¤Å-zXïh-ÅôP-¸ÛG) I am a vegetarian P-Á-¤Û-¸-¤Dm-»Ûmü I am about to finish PÅ-È-¾¤-±¼-ÅôP.how strange! Tï-ºiºÛ-Eh-¤±¼-ŸÛG-¼ïh-ºP.

ô-¼ï-ŸÛG-Zô-ºIô-GÛm-»ôh I am grateful PÅ-Eôh-¾-ljÛP-mÅ-fÞGÅ-Xï-Vï-ŸÝ-GÛm-»ôhü I am guessing PÅ-±ôh-hqG-‚ïh-HÛm-»ôhü (h‚ÛzÅ-±ôh-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôh) I am happy you did not forget Eôh-ˆÛÅ-zXïh-¤-ÅôP-z¼-P-hGº-ÅôP.PÅ-hÝÅ-±ôh-VßP-¸ôÅ-ÅÞ-GbôP-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïh-zŤ-mÅÅï¤Å-DÞ¼-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôhü I am confident I can do that PÅ-hï-¾Å-fÞz-Mã-¼ïh-zŤ-mÅ-P-¾-Gh!ïP-±ôh-»ôhü I am confident it will not be easy hï-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¤Ûm-HÛ-P-¾-»Ûh-VïÅ-»ôhü I am doing the best I can. but it is not enough PÅ-P-¼ÛP-GÛ-GP-fÞz-±ôh-‚ïh-HÛm-»ôhü »Ûm-»P-hﮤ-ŸÛG-GÛ-¤Û-fÞz-GÛ I am driving right now h-PÅ-L-ºIÛ¾-Ç+ô¼-mÅ-ºIô-zŸÛm-»ôhü I am eager to go to tibet P-zôh-¾-ºIô-Mã-ºhôh-q-Vïm-qô-»ôhü I am emphasizing you to think about how kind the mother sentient beings have been to us ¤-Hã¼-Åï¤Å-Tm-n¤Å-P-±ô-¾-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-z¸P-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïh-zŤ-mÅ-PÅ-Eôh-¾-mm-zÁh-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôhü I am fine P-zhï-zô-»Ûmü I am from America P-Í-¼Û-mÅ-»Ûmü I am getting (becoming) tired now h-P-(fP)-Vh-ºIô-HÛm-ºhÝG I am giving you a brief teaching PÅ-Eôh-¾-ÇÀôz-(VôÅ)-FÛh-¤hô¼-zÇSæÅ-ŸÛG-zÁhˆÛm-»ôhü I am going there to buy bread P-hï¼-.ü 34 .

ü (PÅ-ºIô-Å-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ) I am more confused in the mornings PÅ-ŸôGÅ-q¼-WÛ-»P-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I am new around here P-ºhÛ¼-Gż-q-»Ûmü (PÅ-ºhÛ¼-¤P-qô-¤Û-ÁïÅü) I am not able to come P-ºôP-¤Û-fÞz-GÛ I am not able to sleep P-GZÝh-¤Û-DÞG-GÛ I am not allowed to enter P-mP-hÝ-º²â¾-¤Û-VôG I am not busy P-¾-ƒï¾-z-¤ïhü I am not eating PÅ-¸-¤-¸-HÛm-¤ïhü I am not happy P-¤Û-BÛh-GÛ 35 .I am in a hurry P-¾-ƒï¾-z-»ôhü I am interested to hear the story P-¾-¾ô-MãÅ-hï-fôÅ-z¼-hGº-vô-»ôhü I am john P-Wôm-»Ûmü I am just an ordinary student P-uÛ¼-zbP-!ÇÀôz-¤-ŸÛG-»Ûmü I am just flipping the pages of the text PÅ-(¼P-P)-hïz-ºhÛºÛ-¿kïz-¤-n¤Å-zNå¼-HÛm-»ôhü I am just joking PÅ-.Ý-¼ï-(D-¤±¼)-z¯ï-HÛm-»ôhü I am like this P-hï-ºi-ŸÛG-¼ïhü I am looking for cars to rent PÅ-L-!ºIÛ¾-ŸÛG-JÀ-Mã-z±¾-HÛm-»ôhü I am lost PÅ-¾¤-D-zô¼-ÅôP.

I am not interested in tourism P-»Þ¾-Ç+ô¼-vô-ºV¤Å-¾-hGº-zô-¤ïhü I am not really making progress PÅ-Pô-¤-»¼-MÅ-¾-GbôP-¤Û-fÞz-GÛ I am not really sure PÅ-Pô-¤-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I am not sleepy P-¾-GZÛh-¤Û-ºzz-GÛ I am not sure PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I am not thinking of going PÅ-ºIô-Mã-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-GÛm-¤ïhü I am not used to high altitudes P-Å-V-¤fô-ż-ºIô-¥ôP-¤ïh I am not used to this P-hï-¾-V-MãÅ-¤ïhü I am reading (silently) the news PÅ-±G-ÁôG->ÀôG-HÛm-»ôhü I am ready to go to bed P-Z¾-hÝ-ºIô-z¼-I-ÎOÛG-±¼ü I am rearranging these things to make it look neat PÅ-ºhÛ-n¤Å-ÇtäÅ-hG-!qô-ºi-zô-ŸÛG-‚Å-mÅü zB¼zOÛGÅ-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôhü I am reviewing the lecture notes PÅ-ÇÀôz-FÛh-ˆÛ-¸Ûm-ƒÛÅ-n¤Å-¾-zB¼-ŸÛz-‚ïhˆÛm-»ôhü I am searching for my keys PÅ-¿kï-¤ÛG-n¤Å-z®¾-zŸÛm-»ôhü I am starting to fall asleep P-¾-GZÛh-ºzz-ºGô-±ßGÅ-ˆÛm-ºhÝG I am staying in the monastery P-hGôm-qºÛ-mP-¾-zÇkh-»ôhü I am still at work so I will be late coming home 36 .

PÅ-h-hÝP-¾Å-.-È-TP-¤P-qô-»ôhü) I am well P-zhï-zô-»Ûmü 37 .-¤P-qô-ŸÛG ‚ïh-!zŤ-HÛ-fzÅÁïÅ-GbôP-GÛm-»ôhü I am trying to figure out what is the best thing to do PÅ-VïÅ-¾Å-.-»G-ÁôÅ-hï-‚ïh-ˆÛ-GP-»Ûm-q¼-Íï-ÁïÅü fzÅÁïÅ-GbôP-GÛm-»ôhü I am trying to find the street PÅ-¾¤-D-hï-Íï-¾ôm-z¿e-GÛ-»ôhü I am trying to understand the meaning PÅ-mP-hôm-hï-Íï-Gô-z¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü I am very busy P-¾-ƒï¾-z-È-TP-Vïü (P-¾-¾Å-.º-GÛ I am trying to do many things at the same time PÅ-hÝÅ-GTÛG-¾-¾Å-.-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôh-Aïmü P-ºôP-M!Ý-ºGô¼HÛ-¼ïhü I am still searching for it PÅ-h-hÝP-hï-z®¾-zŸÛm-»ôhü I am still sleepy P-¾-h-hÝP-GZÛm-ºzz-ˆÛm-ºhÝG I am still trying to figure out what happened PÅ-h-hÝP-TÛ-‚ãP-ÅôP-z-ÁïÅ-z¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôPGÛm-»ôhü I am studying PÅ-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôhü I am thinking about how to do this PÅ-ºhÛ-GP-ºi-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-HÛm-»ôhü I am thinking of ordering a vegetable stir-fry dish for us PÅ-ÇSô-±¾-ÇSô-¤ºÛ-±ï-¿kï¼-ŸÛG-!P-±ô-¾-zÁh-zŤHÛm-»ôhü I am thirsty P-Ç+ô¤-GÛ I am tired P-¾-h.

º-DG-Vïü I can lose my job any time PºÛ-‚-z-zdm-qô-¤ïhü I can read but I cannot understand PÅ->ÀôG-fÞz-ˆP-mP-hôm-¤Û-Gô I can understand but I cannot remember all PÅ-È-Gô-»P-±P-¤-¤Û-im-GÛ I cannot access the website P-¾-i-GmÅ-¤ïhü I cannot hear the difference between the two sounds PÅ-O-ºhÛ-GZÛÅ-ˆÛ-z¼-HÛ-h‚ï-z-¤Û-Gô-GÛ I cannot hear very well in my left ear PºÛ-G»ôm-nºÛ-»G-qô-ŸÛG-¤Û-±ô¼ü I cannot say more complex sentences PÅ-±ÛG-Oæz-h.ü) I bought it when it was on sale hï-º±ôP-GÛ-»ôh-hÝÅ-PÅ-hï-ZôÅ-»Ûmü I called but the phone line is engaged PÅ-D-q¼-GbôP-ˆP-hï-GbôP-zŸÛm-ºhÝG I can barely make ends meet P-¾-º±ô-zºÛ-fôG-h.º-¤ôzÁh-¤Û-fÞzü) I can't do that PÅ-hï-‚ïh-¤Û-fÞzü i can't remember the word right now PÅ-±ÛG-hï-h-¤Û-im-GÛü 38 .I am working very hard. but it is not enough PÅ-¾Å-.-Èà¼-z¯ôm-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü »Ûm-»P-hïºÛ-¤Û-fÞzGÛ I arrived yesterday P-D-ÅP-º‚ô¼-ÅôP.ü I asked him but he said he did not know PÅ-Dô-¾-iÛÅ-ˆP-DôÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅ-¸ï¼ü I became angry P-Çtô-¾PÅ-ÅôP.º-¤ô-zÁh-¤Û-fÞzü (PÅ-Ç+h-V-h.ü (PÅ-±ÛG-q-¸-ÅôP.

ü I could not start the car PÅ-L-ºIÛ¾-(½ÀPÅ-ºDô¼)-hïºÛ-O-¸Ûm-¤Û-fÞz-GÛ I did not check the news yesterday PÅ-P-ÅP-GÛ-±G-ÁôG-¾-¤-z¿eÅü I did not hear PÅ-Gô-¤-ÅôP.ü I didn’t really understand PÅ-Pô-¤-È-Gô-¤-ÅôP.ü I do not eat meat PÅ-Á-¸-Mã-¤-¼ïhü I do not have the book P-¾-hïz-hï-¤ïhü I don’t have much academic knowledge P-¾-ÇÀôz-IÔºÛ-ÁïÅ-»ôm-¤P-qô-¤ïhü I don’t have much practice in speaking Tibetan PºÛ-zôh-Ç+h-¾-¢ôP-zl¼-¤P-qô-¤ïhü 39 .ü I didn't understand PÅ-È-Gô-¤-ÅôP.ü I did not know PÅ-ÁïÅ-¤-ÅôP.ü I didn’t have the time to go shopping P-±ôP-MG-¾-ºIô-zºÛ-hÝÅ-±!ô!h-»!ôh-¤-ÅôP.ü I closed the box PÅ-ÇK¤-hïºÛ-D-zMz-»ôhü I completely agree with you PÅ-Eôh-¾-¡h-hï-¤ôÅ-ºfÞm-!‚ïhü I could not see clearly PÅ-Gž-zô-¤fôP-fÞz-¤-ÅôP.ü I didn't notice it was missing until now PÅ-hï-¤-±P-z-h-z¼-hÝ-ÁïÅ-¤-ÅôP.I changed my mind PºÛ-zŤ-„Àô-ºHã¼-ÅôP.ü I did not understand PÅ-È-Gô-¤-ÅôP.

I don’t have the karma for retreat P-¾-Oæz-q-Z¤Å-¾ïm-HÛ-¾Å-hzP-¤ïh-GÛ I don’t know the spelling PÅ-hG-V-hï-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I don’t know when I will die P-m¤-ºVÛ-PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don’t like it P-hï-¾-¤Û-hGºü I don’t like to watch television P-z½‰m-ºyÛm-¾-z¿e-Mã-¤Û-hGºü I don’t mind giving this to you hïEôh-¾-¢Ûm-m-P-¾-¤Û-wPÅü I don’t need P-¾-¤Û-hGôÅü I don’t really like to complain P-ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-Pô-¤-¤Û-hGºü I don’t remember PÅ-¤Û-im-GÛ I don’t think the horses will be able to pull this carriage PÅ-d-ºhÛ-±ôÅ-ÁP-d-ºhÛ-ºIâh-fÞz-HÛ-¼ïh-¤Û-zŤ-GÛ I don’t think you would like to listen PÅ-Eôh-Zm-Mã-¾-hGº-HÛ-¼ïh-¤Û-zŤ-GÛ I don’t want to eat PÅ-¸-¤Û-zŤ-GÛ I don’t want too much butter P-¾-¤¼-¤P-qô-¤Û-hGôÅü I don't believe PÅ-»Ûh-VïÅ-¤Û-‚ïhü I don't consider that person to be very helpful PÅ-¤Û-hï-wm-fôGÅ-Vïm-qô-¼ïh-¤Û-zŤ-GÛ I don't do that PÅ-h!ï-¾Å-ˆÛ-¤Ûmü i don't have any time to waste P-¾-Vßh-¸ôÅ-ÅÞ-GbôP-zºÛ-Vß-±ôh-¤ïhü 40 .

-GŸm-hG-hï-±ô-¾-¤Û-hGº-(ºfhü) I don't like to travel alone P-¼P-GTÛG-qÞ-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-(»¼-¤¼)-¾-ºIô-Mã-¤Û-hGºü I don't need to go to the city P-IôP-Eï¼-¾-ºIô-¤Û-hGôÅü I don't recognize your voice PÅ-Eïh-ˆÛ-Ç+h-Pô-¤-¸Ûmü I don't remember .I will have to look it up in the book PÅ-hïz-hïºÛ-mP-¾-z¿e-hGôÅ-zÅü PÅ-¤Û-im-GÛ I don't remember who gave this to me ºhÛ-ÅÞºÛ-P-¾-vh-q-»Ûm-mü PÅ-¤Û-im-GÛ I don't think it is time yet i don't think it's time yet PÅ-hÝÅ-±ôh-hï-h-hÝP-¼m-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-¤Û-zŤ-GÛ I don't travel 41 .I don't have the authority to arrest anybody P-¾-¤Û-º²Ûm-MãºÛ-hzP-V-GP-»P-¤ïhü I don't know PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don't know Chinese PÅ-M-Ç+h-(»ÛG)-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don't know how to repair this PÅ-hï-G-ºi-zB¼-GÅô-‚ïh-hGôÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I don't know how to use this tool PÅ-¾G-V-ºhÛ-G-ºi-zïh-uôh-‚ïh-hGôÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don't know if she’s still sick h-hÝP-¤ô-¼P-m-GÛ--Íï-»ôh-PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü i don't know the exact date PÅ-¹-±ïÅ-bG-bG-ŸÛG-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don't know Tibetan PÅ-zôh-Ç+h-(»ÛG)-¤Û-ÁïÅü I don't know when I will be able to come to tibet PÅ-P-zôh-¾-m¤-ºôP-fÞz-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I don't like the other choice P-ºhï¤Å-.

P-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¤ïhü (P-»¼-¤¼-¾-ºIô-GÛ-¤ïhü) I don't want to buy batteries PÅ-JÀôG-»Å-Zô-¤Û-hGôÅü I don't want water P-¾-Vß-¤Û-hGôÅü I doubt if he is waiting Dô-zÇKÝG-»ôh-m-¤ïh-mü PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I doubt if this car is expensive L-ºIÛ¾-hï-¼Ûm-GôP-Vïm-qô-»Ûm-m¤-¤Ûmü PÅ-¤ÛÁïÅü I doubt that I will be able to come PÅ-P-ºôP-fÞz-¤Û-fÞz-¤ï-ÁïÅü I dreamed about you PÅ-Eôh-©Û-¾¤-©ÛÅ-ÅôP.ü I forgot PÅ-zXïh-ºhÝG I forgot my cell phone PÅ-¾G-º²âm-D-q¼-zXïh-ºhÝG I forgot my wallet PÅ-ÇKô¼-DÞG-zXïh-ºhÝG I forgot to bring my wallet PÅ-ÇKô¼-DÞG-Eï¼-mÅ-»ôP-Mã-zXïh-ºhÝG I found it PÅ-hï-z½‰ïh-ÅôP.ü I eat vegetables and tofu PÅ-ÇSô-±¾-hP-hôÅ-—˜ôÅ-¸ü I feel like going out for some coffee PÅ-DôÐ-—˜ïÅ-ŸÛG-x!Û-¾-ºfÞP-ºIô-zŤ-GÛ I finished cooking PÅ-¸-¤-¾Å-±¼-ÅôP.ü I drive PÅ-L-ºIÛ¾-GbôP.ü I get two days off out of seven 42 .

-‚Å-q-»Ûmü I have diarrhea 43 .ü I have an old car P-¾-L-ºIâ¾-½‰ÛP-q-ŸÛG-»ôhü I have been feeling sick for a few days P-ZÛm-ºGº-¾-m-ÅôP.ü I had underestimated how much help might be available PÅ-¼ôGÅ-¼¤-G-±ôh-»ôh-q-hï-±ôh-hqG-‚ïh-M!Ý-VßPºhÝG I had yet to finish writing and sending the email when I was interrupted yesterday P-¾-D-ÅP-z¼-Vh-GbôP-hÝÅü PÅ-h-hÝP-»ÛG-ºyÛm-ºƒÛmÅ-i-ºyÛm-GbôP-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü I have a bad habit – I sleep a lot P-¾-¤P-qô-GZÛh-ˆÛ-Gô¤-GÁÛÅ-Pm-q-ŸÛG-»ôhü I have a favor to ask P-¾-¼ôGÅ-q-ŸÛG-‚ïh-¼ôGÅ-¸ï¼-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ I have a prescription P-¾-Ǩm-fô-»ôhü (P-¾-Ǩm-qºÛ-ºIï¾-zÁh-»ôhü) I have a question P-¾-iÛ-z-ŸÛG-»ôhü I have already finished PÅ-±¼-ÅôP.P-¾-zhÝm-yG-GTÛG-mP-mÅ-ZÛm-GZÛÅ-P¾GÅô-»ôhü I go back to work next week P-zhÝm-yG-XïÅ-¤¼-xÛ¼-¾Å-.-¾-ºIô-Mã-»Ûmü I had breakfast two hours ago PÅ-Vß-±ôh-GZÛÅ-ÇSôm-¾-ŸôGÅ-W-(¯-D)-ºfÞP-±¼ü I had to eat it (I didn’t want to) PÅ-hï-¸-hGôÅ-ÅôP.ü I have been to Canada P-D-m-c-M¾-Dz-¾-ºIô-¥!ôP-»ôhü I have been working for ten years PÅ-¾ô-zTß-¾-¾Å-.

º-DG-¤P-qô-»ôhü I have never eaten yak meat PÅ-G»G-Á-Gbm-mÅ-¸-¥ôP-¤ïhü I have no other option P-¾-ºhï¤Å-.ü I have some sharp pain here 44 .-±¼-ÅôP.º-DG-ºhÝG I have finished my work for today PÅ-hï-¼P-GÛ-¾Å-.ü I have got many books P-¾-hïz-¤P-qô-»ôhü I have kept this new book especially to show you PÅ-hïz-Gż-q-ºhÛ-Eïh-¾-zÇem-Vïh-Z¼-q-»Ûmü I have lost my passport PÅ-xÛ¼-Bôh-¾G-Eï¼-zô¼-±¼-ºhÝG I have made some tea and breakfast PÅ-ŸôGÅ-¸Å-hP-W-zÇ+ô¾-z-»Ûmü I have many problems P-¾-h.-GŸm-¤ïh-GÛ I have not checked the news today PÅ-hï-¼P-GÛ-±G-ÁôG-¾-z¿eÅ-¤ïhü I have not figured this out yet PÅ-hï-h-hÝP-ÁïÅ-¤-ÅôP.ü I have not packed my bags yet PÅ-h-hÝP-zTº-¾G-n¤Å-zÇkÝ-GÅôG-‚Å-¤ïhü I have one request P-¾-¼ï-ºhôh-GTÛG-»ôhü I have one small envelope P-¾-»ÛG-ÁÝzÅ-VßP-VßP-GTÛG-»ôhü I have pain over here P-¾-ºhÛ¼-m-»Û-ºhÝG I have seen it PÅ-hï-¤fôP-ÅôP.P-¾-zÁ¾-mh-wôGÅ-ºhÝG I have difficulty waking up in the morning P-¾-ŸôGÅ-q-GZÛh-Åh-ˆÛ-h.

-Gż-q-ŸÛG-z®¾-hGôÅü I have to repeat this again PÅ-hï-zB¼-¿kz-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-GÛ I have to take the car to a repair shop PÅ-L-ºIÛ¾-hï-L-ºIÛ¾-»P-¾Å-‚ïh-Å-ŸÛG-¾-Eï¼-hGôÅü I have to travel from work for one week PºÛ-¾Å-.ü I heard that there is a lake nearby Zï-ºI¤-m-¤±ô-ŸÛG-ºhÝG-¸ï¼ü 45 .-mÅ-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-¾-zhÝm-yG-GTÛG-¾-ºIôhGôÅü I have to work until evening today PÅ-hGôP-iô-z¼-hÝ-¾Å-.ü I heard that his cat died D!ôºÛ-‚Û-¾-hï-ÁÛ-ÅôP-¸ï¼-z-Gô-‚ãP.-‚ïh-hGôÅü I have two projects I need to finish today PÅ-hï-¼ÛP-¾Å-ºV¼-GZÛÅ-±¼-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü I have two questions P-¾-iÛ-z-GZÛÅ-»ôhü I have very limited vacation PºÛ-GÝP-GÅ!ïP-È-TP-fÞP-fÞP-ŸÛG-»Ûmü I have wasted so much time! PÅ-hÝÅ-±ôh-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-Vßh-¸ôÅ-ÅÞ-GbôP-ÅôP.P-¾-ºhÛ¼-G²ï¼-Pm-q-MG-GÛ I have to be back by five o'clock P-Vß-±ôh-!¿S-q-±ßm-¾-xÛ¼-ÇÀïz-hGôÅü I have to look for a new job PÅ-¾Å-.ü I have yet to ask for forgiveness PÅ-h-hÝP-Çtô-¤-¾P-¸ï¼-hGôÅü I have yet to finish my ngondro PÅ-h-hÝP-ÇSôm-ºIô-±¼-hGôÅü I have yet to study diligently PÅ-h-hÝP-!Èà¼-z¯ôm-PP-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-‚ïh-hGôÅü I heard that he had a car accident Dô-¾-L-ºIÛ¾-GhôP-fÞG-zMz-ºhÝG-¸ï¼-z-Gô-ÅôP.

ü I know PÅ-ÁïÅü I know he is planning to come tomorrow PÅ-ÁïÅü Dô-zô-ÅP-ZÛm-ºôP-MãºÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛmºhÝG I know how to estimate ±ôh-hqG-G-ºi-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-PÅ-ÁïÅü I know I don't know PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅ-q¼-PÅ-ÁïÅü I know that he knows that I know PÅ-ÁïÅü PÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-»ôh-q-DôÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü I know there is one that is different ºhÛ-m-GTÛG-»ôh-q-hï-¤Û-ºi-z-»Ûm-q-PÅ-ÁïÅü I like it 46 .ü (PÅ-h-h-¸-±¼-ÅôP-zÅ-h-PÅ-¸-¤ÛhGôÅü) I just finished making the tea so it must still be hot PÅ-h-h-W-zÇ+ô¾-z-»Ûm-qÅ-hï-h-hÝP-±-zô-»Ûm-PïÅü I just glanced the book.I hope I can come some day ZÛ-¤-ŸÛG-¾-P-ºôP-fÞz-MãºÛ-¼ï-z-»ôhü I hope so PÅ-¼ï-z-»ôhü (PÅ-»P-hï-ºi-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh) I hope this benefits hïÅ-wm-fôGÅ-ˆÛ-P-¾-¼ï-z-»ôhü I hung the thangka on the wall HP-PôÅ-hï-¾-fP-G-hï-PÅ-z.¾-z-»Ûmü I just ate something (I don’t need to eat again) h-h-PÅ-¸-±¼-ÅôP. but no one answered PÅ-ÇKô-hï-zlÝPÅ-»P-¤Û-GTÛG-GÛÅ-xï-¤-ÅôP. I have not read it in detail PÅ-hïz-hï-¾-GTÛG-z¿eÅ-q-»Ûmü PÅ-hï-V-±P-ŸÛG>ÀôG-¤ïhü I keep getting (becoming) distracted P-G»!ïP-¼Þ-zTßG-HÛm-ºhÝG (ºhݼ-z¼-Vh-¤P-GÛ) I knocked on the door.

ü I made an attempt to contact him PÅ-DôP-¾-ºƒï¾-fÞG-‚ïh-q¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôP-z-»Ûmü I mailed the letter PÅ-ºyÛm-»ÛG-hï-zbP-±¼ü I make many mistakes when speaking Tibetan PÅ-zôh-Ç+h-zÁh-hÝÅ-¤P-qô-mô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü I may not come P-w¾-Vï¼-ºôP-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü I met you in 2003 2003¾ô¼-P-Eôh-¾-fÞG-ÅôP.ü I must go now h-P-ºIô-hGôÅü I must go to the toilet P-GÅP-uôh-ŸÛG-GÛ-mP-¾-ºIô-hGôÅ-GÛ I nearly slipped on the ice P-È-¾¤-h¼-fôG-!hï-mÅ-ÁÝh-ÅôP.ü I might be able to convince PÅ-w¾-Vï¼-»Ûh-VïÅ-q¼-‚Å-fÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü I might come during vacation. but I don’t now when P-w¾-Vï¼-GÝP-GÅïP-Ç+zÅ-ºôP-Mã-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-m¤ºôP-PÅ-h-hÝP-¤Û-ÁïÅ-GÛ I mistook the dzo for a yak PÅ-G»G-hP-¤²ô-mô¼-ÅôP.ü I need a prescription P-¾-Ǩm-qºÛ-ºIï¾-zÁh-(Ǩm-fô)-ŸÛG-hGôÅü I need a refund for this one-way ticket to Chengdu 47 .P-hï-¾-hGºü I like the melody but I can’t understand the words P-¼ô¾-h‚P-hï-¾-hGº-GÛ »Ûm-»P-PÅ-±ÛG-¤Û-Gô-GÛ I like to exercise P-¾ÞÅ-¯¾-¢ôP-z¼-hGºü I lost my bag PÅ-DÞ¤-¤-hï-zô¼-ÅôP.

PºÛ-FÛm-bàºÞ-¾-ºIô-‚ïh-ˆÛ-Gm¤-IâºÛ-º²Ûm-‚P-hïºÛhPÞ¾-P-¾-xÛ¼-¾ôG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-GÛ I need an ambulance P-¾-mh-Bôz-½ÀP-ºDô¼-ŸÛG-hGôÅü I need help P-¾-¼ôGÅ-¼¤-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-G!Û I need help to lift this heavy box P-¾-ÇK¤-¿YÛh-¤ô-ºhÛ-zbïG-¼ôGÅ-ŸÛG-hGôÅ-GÛ I need some change for this $50 bill PÅ-Í-¼ÛºÛ-ÁôG-ÇKô¼50ºhÛ-hPÞ¾-D-ºfô¼-¾-zXïhGôÅü I need some information to fill this form PÅ-hGïP-ÁôG-ºhÛ-hGïP-q¼-Ç+h-V-ºGº-iÛ-hGôÅü I need someone to help me carry this P-¾-ºhÛ-DÞ¼-¼ôGÅ-¤Û-ŸÛG-hGôÅü I need to be more mindful PÅ-hï-¾Å-G¸z-G¸z-‚ïh-hGôÅü I need to buy stamps to send this letter PÅ-ºyÛm-»ÛG-ºhÛ-GbôP-Vïh-£G-dG-ºGº-Zô-hGôÅü I need to call someone PÅ-¤Û-ŸÛG-¾-D-q¼-GbôP-hGôÅü I need to cash these traveler’s cheques PÅ-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-hPÞ¾-º²Ûm-ÇKP-mÅ-hPÞ¾-ŸÛG-¾ïmhGôÅü I need to change clothes PÅ-Hôm-q-ŸÛG-zXï-hGôÅü I need to change dollars for local currency PÅ-Í-ÇKô¼-Å-GmÅ-ˆÛ-hPÞ¾-¾-zXï-hGôÅü I need to change my clothes (these clothes are dirty. I want to wear new clothes) PÅ-P-¼ÛP-GÛ-Hôm-¯ôG-q-n¤Å-wÞh-mÅ-Gż-z-ºGºHôm-hGôÅ-GÛ I need to check my email PÅ-i-DP-mP-¾-P-¾-i-ºyÛm-»ôh-¤ïh-ŸÛG-z¿e-hGôÅü 48 .

ü I never used to eat meat. but now I do PÅ-ÇSôm-¤-Á-Gbm-mÅ-¸-HÛ-¤ïhü »Ûm-»P-h-PÅ-Á-¸ü I plan to read this book P-¾-hïz-ºhÛ->ÀôG-ºV¼-»ôhü I pray that you will get well soon PÅ-Eôh-¼P-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-mh-¾Å-iG-Vïh-Ǩôm-¾¤-MG 49 .º-¤ô-ŸÛG-»Ûm-HÛ-Åï¤Å-¾-ºV¼-¤ÅôP.I need to clean the house PÅ-DP-z-ºhÛ-G®P-¤-ŸÛG-z¸ô-hGôÅü I need to cut the vegetables PÅ-Ç!ôS-±¾-n¤Å-G®z-hGôÅü I need to go to a police station P-Zïm-dôG-¾Å-DÞPÅ-ŸÛG-¾-ºIô-hGôÅü I need to improve PÅ-»¼-MÅ-¾-GbôP-hGôÅü I need to mail this PÅ-»ÛG-ºyÛm-ºhÛ-GbôP-hGôÅü I need to return their call PÅ-DôP-±ô-¾-w¼-D-q¼-ŸÛG-GbôP-hGôÅü I need to return this to her PÅ-¤ô-¾-ºhÛ-xÛ¼-vôh-hGôÅü I need to sweep and mop the floor PÅ-Ÿ¾-¤fÞ¾-hï-ºxG-mÅ-ºxÛ-zh¼-‚ïh-hGôÅü I need to tie my shoelace PÅ-P-¼ÛP-GÛ-¿Ë¤-OôG-¤hÝh-hGôÅü I need to wash the dishes PÅ-¿kï¼-¤-n¤Å-ºFâ-hGôÅü I need to withdraw money using my credit card PÅ-hô¤-¾ïm-º²Ûm-‚P-zïh-uôh-‚Å-mÅ-hPÞ¾-ŸÛG-¾ïmhGôÅü I need your signature P-¾-Eïh-ˆÛ-¤ÛP-dG-ŸÛG-hGôÅü I never imagined it would be so difficult PÅ-Gbm-mÅ-hï-ºi-h.

I prefer coffee to tea P-¾-W-¾Å-DôÐ-—˜ïÅ-ˆÛ-hGºü I prefer drinking orange juice PÅ-±-¾Þ-¤ºÛ-DÞ-z-ŸÛG-ºfÞP-GÛ-»Ûmü I prefer not to eat meat PÅ-Á-¸-Mã-¤Ûmü I read that book PÅ-hïz-ºhÛ-z>ÀGÅ-±¼-ÅôP.ü I realized the mistake I had made PÅ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-z¸ô-»ôh-q-hï-ÁïÅ-ÅôP.ü I really don't know PÅ-Pô-¤-¤Û-ÁïÅü I really have to go now h-P-Pô-¤-ºIô-hGôÅü I really must get up early P-Pô-¤-ÇS-zô-mÅ-»¼-¾P-hGôÅü I really want to join this club P-Pô-¤-±ôGÅ-q-hïºÛ-mP-ŸÝGÅ-ºhôh-»ôhü I received it hï-P-¾-º‚ô¼-ÅôP.ü I remember my parents many times PºÛ-w-¤-GZÛÅ-fïPÅ-¤P-qô¼-im-ºhÝG-GÛ I remember the day when you first came PÅ-Eôh-¼P-hP-qô-»ôP-zºÛ-ZÛm-hï-im-GÛ I remember what you said Eôh-ˆÛ-GP-zÁh-q-hï-PÅ-im-GÛ I remember you said you were coming Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Eôh-ºôP-GÛ-»ôh-¸ï¼-q-hï-PÅ-im-GÛ I see what you mean Eôh-HÛ-mP-hôm-GP-»Ûm-q-hï-PÅ-ÁïÅ-GÛ I sent my daughter to school PÅ-P-¼ÛP-GÛ-zÞ-¤ô-ÇÀôz-IÔ¼-zbP.ü I should listen more carefully when you speak 50 .

-¾-ºIô-HÛ-¤-¼ïh-zŤ-GÛ I think I will take my coat off as I am feeling hot h-P-iô-GÛ PÅ-mP-¾Ð-hï-wÞh-zŸG-hGôÅ-GÛ I think it is okay PÅ-hï-ºIÛG-GÛ-zŤ-GÛ I think so PÅ-hï-ºi-zŤ-GÛ I think this is yours PÅ-hï-Eôh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-zŤ-GÛ I thought about helping PÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-zŤ-ÅôP.Eïh-ˆÛÅ-!zÁh-hÝÅ-PÅ-G¸z-G¸z-¤P-ŸÛG-‚Å-mÅ-ZmhGôÅ-GÛ I sleep until 6:00 am P-ŸôGÅ-q-Vß-±ôh-6z¼-hÝ-Z¾-GÛ-»ôhü I slept late P-xÛ-zô-Z¾-ÅôP.ü 51 .ü) I still have some questions P-¾-h-hÝP-iÛ-z-ºGº-»ôhü I still have two more days P-¾-h-hÝP-ZÛm-GZÛÅ-¿ËG-»ôhü I still haven’t decided PÅ-h-hÝP-fG-GTh-¤ïhü I still need to get ready PÅ-h-hÝP-I-OÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅü I suppose we could do it that way PÅ-zŤ-q¼-P-±ôÅ-hï-hï-ºi-‚Å-m-fÞz-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü I think he is in a hurry PÅ-zŤ-q¼-Dô-¾-ƒï¾-z-ºhÝG I think I remember where I put it PÅ-zŤ-q¼-hï-GP-hÝ-zŸG-»ôh-q¼-PÅ-im-GÛ I think I will not go to work tomorrow ÅP-ZÛm-P-¾Å-.ü I sneezed PÅ-JÀô-¾Þ-‚Å-ÅôP.ü (PÅ-µÛh-q-‚Å-ÅôP.

ü I threw a stone into the pond PÅ-lô-ŸÛG-Vß-µÛP-mP-¾-ºwPÅ-q-»Ûmü I told many jokes PÅ-D-¤±¼-¤P-qô-zÁh-ÅôP.ü) I understood a little PÅ-ZÝP-ZÝP-ŸÛG-È-Gô-ÅôP.ü I tried to open the door but it was the wrong key PÅ-ÇKô-xï-z¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-zbP-»P-¿kï-¤ÛG-hï-mô¼-ºhÝG I understand a little when I read.ü (PÅ-È-Gô-ÅôP.I thought about it PÅ-hïºÛ-Ç+ô¼-¾-zŤ-„Àô-zbP-z-»Ûmü I thought you had already eaten PÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¸-¤-¸-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-zŤ-ÅôP. but I don’t necessarily remember everything PÅ->ÀôG-hÝÅ-ZÝP-ZÝP-ŸÛG-Gô-»P-±P-¤-¤Û-im-GÛ I understood PÅ-ÁïÅ-ÅôP.ü (PÅ-TßG-Íï-TßG-Íï-ŸÛGGô-ÅôP.ü) I use a pencil because if I make a mistake. then I can erase it G¾-ÆÛÛh-PÅ-mô¼-»ôh-m-Ÿ-«åG-GÛÅ-ºƒÛ-¼ôGÅü hïmÅ-hï-PÅ-GÅÞz-fÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü I used to drink alcohol (but now I don't) PÅ-ÇSôm-¤¼-VP-zbàP-GÛ-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-h-ºfÞP-GÛ¤ïhü I used to wake up early but now I sleep late P-ÇSôm-¤-ÇS-¤ô-»¼-¾PÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü »Ûm-»P-h!!ïP-ÅPP-xÛ-zô-Z¾-HÛ-»ôhü I vaguely recall that there was a tree here ºhݼ-ÁP-ÇkôP-ŸÛG-»ôh-fü PÅ-Gž-¾-¤-Gž-ŸÛGim-HÛ-ºhÝG I wake up at 5:00 am P-ŸôGÅ-q¼-Vß-±ôh-5ÇeïP-GZÛh-Åh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü I want just one P-¾-GTÛG-Dô-m-hGôÅü 52 .

I want to apologize for this mistake PÅ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-ºhÛºÛ-Vïh-hÝ-hGôPÅ-hG-ŸÝ-hGôÅü I want to buy P-¾-Zô-ºhôh-»ôhü (PÅ-ZôÅ-zŤ-GÛ) I want to buy another one like this PÅ-ºhÛ-ºi-GŸm-ŸÛG-ZôÅü I want to find out PÅ-ÁïÅ-m-ºhôh-GÛ I want to focus on ngondro PÅ-ÇSôm-ºIô-ÇeïP-¾-„Àô-Gbh-zŤ-GÛ I want to give PÅ-¢Ûm-zŤ-GÛ I want to give this to you ºhÛ-PÅ-Eôh-¾-v!ôh-zŤ-GÛ I want to hear how this is recited ºhÛ-G-ºi-ŸÛG->ÀôG-HÛ-»Ûm-m-PÅ-Gô-hGôÅ-GÛ I want to help PÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-zŤ-GÛ I want to learn how to chant this ºhÛ-G-ºi-ŸÛG-ºhôm-HÛ-»Ûm-m-PÅ-¢P-zŤ-GÛ I want to learn more about buddhism PÅ-mP-VôÅ-Ç+ô¼-¾-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-‚ïh-zŤ-GÛ I want to offer this khata PÅ-D-zbGÅ-ºhÛ-ºzÞ¾-zŤ-GÛ I want water P-¾-Vß-ŸÛG-hGôÅ-GÛ I was born in Tibet P-zôh-mÅ-BïÅ-q-»Ûmü I was frightened because of the tone with which he spoke D!ôºÛ-Ç+h-V-zÁh-ÇePÅ-GÛÅ-P-ljÛP-¾ôG-‚Å-ÅôP.ü) i was in the hospital for 2 days ZÛm-GZÛÅ-¼ÛP-¾-P-Ǩm-DP-mP-zÇkh-q-»Ûmü 53 .ü (D!ôºÛ-Ç+h-V-zÁh-ÇeïP-GÛÅ-P-¾-Ÿïh-ÇoP-ÇÀôPÅôP.

ü I will light a lamp and incense PÅ-¤Vôh-¤ï-ŸÛG-hP-Çtô-¤Vôh-Mã-!»Ûmü I will make some tea for you PÅ-Eôh-¾-W-Ç+ô¾ü I will miss you a lot PÅ-Eïh-¼P-¤P-qô-im-HÛ-¼ïhü I will not borrow PÅ-¤Û-G»¼ü I will not forget PÅ-¤Û-zXïhü I will pick up your bags PÅ-Eôh-ˆÛ-DÞ¤-¤-(zTº-¾G)-n¤Å-¾ïm-hÝ-ºôP.I was startled by the sound of the car ½ÀP-ºDô¼-O-hïº!Û-P-ljÛP-¾ôG-‚Å-ÅôP.-XïÅ-¤¼-PÅ-DP-z-Gż-q-ŸÛG-z®¾-ˆÛ-»Ûmü I will come to pick it up later PÅ-hï-bôG-®¤-XïÅ-mÅ-¾ïm-q¼-ºôP.ü I will pour some more beer PÅ-VP-h-hÝP-„ÀâGÅü I will probably finish this by monday PÅ-w¾-Vï¼-ºhÛ-G¸º-¹-z-±ßm-¾-±¼-Mã-¼ïhü I will probably not do this next week PÅ-w¾-Vï¼-ºhÛ-zhÝm-yG-XïÅ-¤ºÛ-mP-±¼.ü I wasn't there P-hï-m-¤ïhü I went to school but know nothing P-ÇÀôz-IÔ¼-ÅôP-»P-TÛ-»P-¤Û-ÁïÅü I went yesterday to check my email P-D-ÅP-i-DP-mP-¾-ÅôP-mÅ-i-ºyÛm-»ôh-¤ïh-z¿eÅÅôP.ü I will be looking for a new apartment next summer G»¼-.ü I will put it here temporarily GmÅ-Ç+zÅ-ÅÞ-PÅ-hï-ºhݼ-zŸG I will sit here 54 .

-‚ňÛ-»ôhü I work in that store PÅ-w-GÛ-±ôP-DP-mP-¾-¾Å-.P-ºhÛ¼-zÇkh-(ºhÝG) I will sleep later P-®ßP-XïÅ-mÅ-Z¾ü I will start after a few days ZÛm-ºGºÛ-XïÅ-mÅ-PÅ-ºGô-º²âGÅü I will try to help. but I don’t know if it will be helpful or not PÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-q¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôP.-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü I worked very hard PÅ-¾Å-.ü »Ûm-»P-hï-wmfôGÅ-‚ãP-¤Û-‚ãP-PÅ-¤Û-ÁïÅü I will volunteer to do this PÅ-hP-„ÀPÅ-‚Å-mÅ-ºhÛ-¾Åü I will walk around and ask somebody P-ºhÛ-»¼-¤¼-¾-ºIô-mÅ-¤Û-ŸÛG-¾-ºiÛü I wiped the desk that was dirty PÅ-TôG-®ï-xÛÅ-»Ûm-hï-z®ôG-q-¼ïh-ºhÝG I wish I can practice my sadhana every day PÅ.ZÛm-dG-q¼-Z¤Å-¾ïm-fÞz-m-zŤ-HÛ-ºhÝG I wish there were fewer distractions PÅ-hï¼-z¼-Vh-hï-¾Å-ZÝP-m-zŤ-GÛ I wonder if this will be enough for everybody PÅ-ºhÛºÛ-¤Û-±P-¤-¾-ºhP-¤Û-ºhP-ÁïÅ-m-ºhôh-GÛ I won't argue with you PÅ-Eôh-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-¯ôh-q-¤Û-‚ïhü I work from early in the morning until late at night PÅ-ŸôGÅ-q-ÇS-zô-mÅ-hG!ôP-¤ô-xÛ-zô-z¼-hÝ-¾Å-.-Èà¼-z¯ôm-‚Å-q-»Ûmü I would appreciate it if you can help me G¾-ÆÛh-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-P-¾-¼ôGÅ-q-fÞz-mü hï-PÅ-XïÅÞ-»Û-¼ÛP-‚ïhü I would like a little bit less butter 55 .

there won’t be much Tsampa left G¾-ÆÛh-PÅ-¯¤-q-¸-m-XïÅ-ÅÞ-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-¤Û-¿ËG-GÛü if I am asleep.ü if had i known. please forgive me 56 . it is okay to wake me up G¾-ÆÛh-P-GZÛh-¾-Áô¼-mü P-GZÛh-¾Å-h=ôG-mºIÛG-GÛ-¼ïhü if I am not there by 3:00 then don’t wait for me G¾-ÆÛh-P-Vß-±ôh-3-q-±ßm-¾-¤-ÇÀïz-mü P-zÇKÝG¤Û-hGôÅü if I buy this and you don’t use it then the money will be wasted G¾-ÆÛh-PÅ-ºhÛ-Zô-mÅ-Eôh-!ˆÛ-zïh-uôh-¤-‚ïh-mü ÇKô¼-¤ô-hï-ºyô-z½ÀG-¼ïhü if I did something wrong. I would have come early (G¾-ÆÛh)-PÅ-ÁïÅ-ÅôP-»ôh-m-P-ÇS-zô-mÅ-ºôPÅ-»ôhˆÛ-¼ïhü if I also eat.P-¾-¤¼-ZÝP-ZÝP-»Ûm-m-hGºü (P-¾-¤¼-TÛ-ZÝP-GPZÝP-GÛ-hGºü) I would like one more please P-¾-»P-zB¼-GTÛG-GmP-¼ôGÅü I would like to come but my circumstances are not good P-ºôP-zŤ-GÛ »Ûm-»P-PºÛ-GmÅ-GmÅ-ÇeïP-»G-qôŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü I would like to make a donation PÅ-Ÿ¾-ºhïzÅ-ŸÛG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»Ûmü I would like to make an appointment PÅ-fÞG-MãºÛ-D-Vh-ŸÛG-‚ïh-m-zŤü I would like to rent a car PÅ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-ŸÛG-JÀ-zŤ-HÛ-»ôhü I would not have thought of that P-¾-hï-¾-zŤ-„Àô-¤ïhü I’m coming there (the place where you are) P-Eôh-»ôh-ż-ºôP-GÛm-»ôhü I’ve met them before P-ÇSôm-¤¼-DôP-±ô-hP-fÞGÅ-¥ôP.

I would like to stay a long time PÅ-VôG-¤Vm-¾ôm-mü P-Mãm-¼ÛP-ŸÛG-¾-ºhÝG-zŤGÛ If I had gotten up earlier.G¾-ÆÛh-PÅ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-z¸ô-mü P-GÝ-»PÅ-ÅÞ-GbôP¼ôGÅü if I don’t practice diligently my life will be wasted G¾-ÆÛh-PÅ-Èà¼-z¯ôm-PP-Z¤Å-¾ïm-¤-‚ïh-mü PºÛ-¤Û±ï-ºyô-z½ÀG-¼ïhü if I don’t wash the clothes. they will not become clean PÅ-Hôm-VÅ-hï-±ô-¤-ºFâ-mü hï-±ô-G®P-¤-VGÅ-ˆÛ-¤¼ïhü if I don't awaken by 6 o'clock. we cannot check-in the bag G¾-ÆÛh-T-¾G-¿YÛh-±h-uÛ-M-50¾Å-¤P-mü P-±ôºÛDÞ¤-¤-(T-¾G)-Gm¤-Iâº!Û-fP-mÅ-¤Û-GbôP. I would have had time for breakfast P-hï-¾Å-ÇS-zô¼-»¼-¾PÅ-»ôh-mü !PÅ-ŸôGÅ-W-ºfÞPzºÛ-hÝ-±ôh-Dô¤-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü if I make a mistake.ü if she hadn't quickly avoided the car. the center may be asked to prove it can support everybody 57 . please correct me PÅ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-z¸ôÅ-mü ¾ïGÅ-zTôÅ-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü if it is convenient. please wake me up P-Vß-±ôh-iâG-±ßm-¾-GZÛh-¤-Åh-mü P-GZÛh-¾Åh=ôGÅ-¼ôGÅü if I eat too much in the evening. it must be hot ¤ï-zÞÅ-m-iô-ˆÛ-¼ïhü if it weighs more than 50 kilos.º-GÛ if I get permission. she would have been killed ¤ô-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-½ÀP-ºDô¼-hï-¾-G»ô¾-¤-fÞz-mü ¤ôzÅh-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü if the center write many Visa letters. please also cook for my friends hï-ÇezÅ-zhï-mü PºÛ-IôGÅ-qô-n¤Å-¾-»P-¸-¤-z¸ôżôGÅü if it is fire. it is hard to get up in the morning PÅ-xÛ-iô-¸-iG-mü ŸôGÅ-q¼-»¼-¾P-Mã-h.

VôÅ-±ôGÅ-ˆÛÅ-fôP-¤Vm-¾G-Eï¼-¤P-qô-ºƒÛ-mü VôűôGÅ-¾-¤Û-±P-¤-¾-Mz-Bô¼-fÞz-qºÛ-DÞP-Bï¾-‚ïhzTßG-HÛ-¼ïhü
If there is a problem, please tell me
h;º-DG-»ôh-m-P-¾-zÁh-¼ôGÅ.ü
if they push, it will slide
D!ôP-±ôÅ-wÞh-MG-GbôP-mü hï-ÁÝh-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü
if they sleep late, they cannot wake up early
DôP-±ô-xÛ-zô-Z¾-m-ÇS-¤ô-»¼-¾P-fÞz-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü
if this were to spill, it will spoil the carpet
ºhÛ-zÁô-m-hïÅ-Å-Ghm-hï-µôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
if we ask him to do this, it would be like asking the king to sweep
the floor
Dô-¾-ºhÛ-¾Å-¼ôGÅ-¸ïï¼-mü hï-M¾-qô-ŸÛG-¾-Ÿ¾¤fÞ¾-ºxG-¼ôGÅ-¸ï¼-z-ºi-zô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü
if we buy air-tickets in advance, then the cost is usually cheaper
P-±ôÅ-Gm¤-IâºÛ-º²Ûm-‚P-ÇSôm-mÅ-ZôÅ-mü hï-mÅMãm-¿km-JÀ-V-TßP-h¤º-zô-»Ûmü
if we continue on this road, we will reach the border
P-±ô-¾¤-D-ºhÛ-zMãh-mÅ-¤Û-ºfÞh-hÝ-ÅôP-mü P-±ô-Ť±¤Å-¾-ÇÀïz-ºIô
if we do not have the experiential understanding, we must have
devotion and faith
P-±ô-¾-Z¤Å-ÅÞ-¥ôP-zºÛ-Gô-z-¤ïh-mü P-±ô-¾-hh-qhP-»Ûh-VïÅ-PïÅ-q¼-hÝ-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
if we don’t cover with plastic, the things will get wet
P-±ôÅ-zTº-¾G-n¤Å-ºHÛG-HÛ-¤-ºGïz-mü hï-±ô-½ÀômºIô-Mã-¼ïhü
if we drive a car that is not warmed up, over the long term, it will
damage the engine
P-±ôÅ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-GbôP-hÝÅ-ÇSôm-¾-O-z¸ÞP-mźFâ¾-ºDô¼-iôm-qô-¤-z¸ô-mü »Þm-¼ÛP-mÅ-ºF⾺Dô¼-¾!Î-Gmôh-Bôm-fïz-ˆ!Û-¼ïhü
if we exchange, is that okay?

58

P-±ôÅ-zXï-¾ïm-‚ïh-m-hï-Íï-ºIÛG-GÛ
if we have to make a fire for this practice, does it have to be big or
can we just make a small fire?
Z¤Å-¾ïm-ºhÛ-¾-¤ï-zÞÅ-hGôÅ-mü ¤ï-Vïm-qô-hGôÅ-ˆÛ¼ïh-h¤-»P-m-¤ï-VßP-VßP-zÞÅ-m-VôG-GÛ-¼ïhü
if we have to make a fire, does it have to be big?
P-±ô-¤ï-zÞÅ-hGôÅ-m-hï-Vïm-qô-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü
if we plan early, the tickets might be cheaper
P-±ôÅ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-ÇSôm-mÅ-ºGôh-mü º²Ûm-‚P-hïºÛGôP-±h-TßP-h¤º-Mã-¼ïhü
If we understand the sufferings of the hell realms well, we will
stop ourselves from unleashing anger
P-±ôÅ-Pm-ÅôP-GÛ-ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-»G-qô-ŸÛG-ÁïÅ-mü P±ôÅ-DôP-Fô-ºhôm-q-¤±¤Å-ºWôG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
if we use the kitchen is it okay?
P-±ô-W-DP-hï-zïh-uôh-‚ïh-m-hï-!Íï-ºIÛG-GÛ
if you are not careful, it is easy to get sick
Eôh-¼P-GÛ-G¸z-G¸z-¤-‚Å-mü Eôh-¾-¾¤-ÅP-mh-wôGGÛ-¼ïhü
if you don't hold on to it, someone will steal it
Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-¤-G¸ÞP-mü ¤Û-ŸÛG-GÛ-hï-@Ý-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü
if you don't like it, please let me know
Eôh-hï-¾-¤-hGº-m-P-¾-zÁh-¼ôGÅü
if you walk, how long would it take to reach?
@P-fP-¾-ÅôP-mü hï¼-ÇÀïz-q-¾-G-ºi-ŸÛG-ºGô¼-HÛ¼ïhü
if your motivation is good, the result will be good
Eôh-ˆÛ-;Ým-ÇÀôP-»G-qô-»Ûm-mü ¤WâG-ºƒÅ-»P-»Gqô-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
if your teachers instructions are not obeyed, there will be
consequences
Eôh-ˆÛ-„À-¤ºÛ-z;º-¾-¤-Zm-mü z;º-Vh-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
I'll do it
hï-PÅ-‚ïh-VôGü

59

i'll get ready soon
PÅ-¤HôGÅ-qô-I-OÛG-‚ïhü
I'm worried we will be late and miss the plane
P-±ôÅ-xÛ-zô-VGÅ-mÅ-Gm¤-IâºÛ-Xï-Vôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhzŤ-mÅ-PÅ-Åï¤Å-DÞ¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü
in a few years from now there will still not be peace in this world
h-mÅ-z¸ÞP-h-hÝP-¾ô-ºGºÛ-mP-º²¤-JÀÛP-mP-ŸÛzhï-»ôh-Mã-¤-¼ïhü
in a few years you will be traveling to even more places
¾ô-ºGºÛ-mP-Eôh-¼P-hï-¾Å-Å-GmÅ-¤P-qô-¾-ºIô-Mã¼ïhü
in august Rinpoche will not yet have come here
¹-z-zMh-qºÛ-mP-h-hÝP-¼Ûm-qô-Vï-ºhݼ-wïz-»ôh-ˆÛ¤-¼ïhü
in autumn leaves fall from the trees
Çeôm-D-¾ô-¤-n¤Å-ÁP-ÇkôP-¾Å-¤¼-¿eàP-GÛ-¼ïhü
in general, I think it is a good idea
xÛ¼-ÇeïP-PÅ-hï-zŤ-„Àô-»G-q!ô-ŸÛG-¼ïh-zŤ-GÛ
in his previous life, he was a great khenpo
DôP-GÛ-Ç+Ý-±ï-ÇSôm-¤¼-Dô-¤Dm-Vïm-ŸÛG-¼ïhü
In my opinion, if we decide early, we can plan early
PÅ-zŤ-m-P-±ôÅ-fG-GTôh-ÇS-zô-mÅ-‚Å-mü ºV¼-GŸÛÇS-zô-mÅ-ºGôh-fÞz-Mã-¼ïhü
in order to get rid of suffering, we must understand its cause
ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-¾Å-f¼-Vïh-P-±ôÅ-PïÅ-q¼-hÝ-hïºÛ-MãAïm-ÁïÅ-hGôÅü
In the afternoon think about cause and effect
xÛ-iô-¾Å-Mã-ºƒÅ-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-GÛ-»ôhü
in the future they will contribute more and more
Dô-±ôÅ-¤-ºôP-q¼-¢Ûm-GbôP-¤P-mÅ-¤P-hÝ-‚ïh-ˆÛ¼ïhü
in the morning
ŸôGÅ-qü (mP-ÇSü)

60

ü is he careful? Dô-hô-ÇoP-v!ôh-¤Dm-ŸÛG-Íï-¼ïhü is he circumambulating? DôÅ-zÇ+ô¼-z-‚ïh-ˆÛm-Íï-ºhÝG (DôÅ-Ç+ô¼-z-zÇ+ô¼HÛ-!Íï-ºhÝG) is he not there? Dô-hï¼-¤ïh-h¤ü is he not waiting? DôÅ-zÇKÝG-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü is he ready to debate? DôÅzI!ô-JÀïP-‚ïh-q¼-I-OÛG-‚ïh-ºhÝG-G¤ü is he/she not singing? Dô-zôÅ--º¤-Dô-¤ôÅ-GŸÅ-GbôP-GÛm-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü 61 . think about how rare it is to be born as a human being ŸôGÅ-q¼-¤ÛºÛ-¾ÞÅ-dïm-fôz-q¼-G-ºi-h. we are supposed to see things as they are – pure by their very nature lô-Xï-fïG-qºÛ-Ç+zÅ-ÅÞ-P-±ôÅ-±P-¤-!ÇeôP-q-ZÛh-hݤfôP-hGôÅü in which text are these prayer written? Ÿ¾-ºhôm-(GÅô¾-ºhïzÅ)-ºhÛ-±ô-»Û-Gï-(hïz)-GP-GÛmP-¾-»ôh-mÛ-¼ïhü investigate the validity of the teachings VôÅ-FÛh-n¤Å-m¤-»ôh-q¼-¯h-ŸÛz-‚Åü is he about to recite? DôP-GÛÅ-GÅÞP-¼m-Íï-ÅôP.ôm-qô-»Ûmq¼-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-GÛ-»ôhü in this area there is a place to learn english Å-GmÅ-ºhÛ¼-!h‚Ûm-Ç+h-¢PÅ-Å-ŸÛG-»ôhü in those days I put a lot of effort into this hïP-ÅP-PÅ-ºhÛ-¾-Èà¼-z¯ôm-‚Å-ˆÛ-»ôhü in two hours the paint will have dried Vß-±ôh-GZÛÅ-mP-¾-±ôm-¯Û-hï-Ç+¤-HÛ-¼ïhü in vajrayana.In the morning.

is he/she not the driver? Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-½ÀP-ºDô¼-D-¾ô-z-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü is he/she old? Dô-zô-º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾ô-¾ôm-ŸÛG-Íï-¼ïhü is it boiling? hï-Dô¾-HÛm-Íï-ºhÝG is it difficult? hï-h.º-¤ô-ŸÛG-Íï-¼ïhü is it easy? hï-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-Íï-¼ïhü is it mine? hï-PºÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is it not possible to prove that? ºhÛ-DÞP-zBï¾-‚ïh-¤Û-ÆÛh-q-ŸÛG-Íï-¼ïhü is it not raining? V¼-z-ºzz-HÛm-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü is it not theirs? h!ï-DôP-±ôºÛ-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü is it okay to drink beer instead of tea WºÛ-±z-¾-¿~ä-VP-(VP)-ŸÛG-ºfÞP-m-ºIÛG-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is it okay to turn off the lamps? ¤Vôh-¤ï-hï-±ô-zÅh-zŸG-m-Íï-ºIÛG is it okay? hï-Í!ï-ºIÛG-GÛü is it permitted to camp here? ºhÛ¼-Gݼ-wÞz-m-ºIÛG-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is she not cooking? ¤ôÅ-¸-¤-z¸ô-GÛm-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ü is she playing? Dô-¤ôÅ-¯ïh-¤ô-z¯ï-HÛ-Íï-»ôh-GÛ is that legal? hï-FÛ¤Å-¤fÞm-Íï-¼ïhü is that not a little bit crooked? hï-TßP-ºEG-Gï-ºEôG-Gï-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü 62 .

is that parcel arriving here? T-¾G-(zOÛ¾-fÞ¤)-º‚ô¼-HÛ-hï-ºhÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is that really true? hï-hPôÅ-GmÅ-zhïm-q-Íï-¼ïhü is that so? hï-ºi-ŸÛG-¼ïh-h¤ü is that sprouting? hï-BïÅ-mÅ-ºôP-GÛ-»ôh-mÛ-Í!ï-¼ïhü is that your cup? hï-Eôh-ˆÛ-(w!ô¼-z)-W-mï-Íï-¼ïhü is the lama resting? „À-¤Å-Ç+Ý-P¾-GÅô-Íï-ºhÝGü is the temperature too cold. too hot. or just right? Gm¤-ÁïÅ-(±-IP)-hï-È-TP-ºEG-GÛ-¼ïh-h¤-È-TP-iô-GÛ¼ïh-»P-m-bG-bG-»Ûm-HÛ-¼ïhü is there a chance we will meet them tomorrow? P-±ô-ÅP-ZÛm-DôP-±ô-¾-fÞG-HÛ-Gô-Ç+zÅ-ŸÛG-! Íï-»ôh-h¤ü is there a discount on this item T-¾G-ºhÛºÛ-GôP-±h-¤¼-GTôG-Mã-Íï-»ôhü is there a menu here? ¸Å-fô-Íï-»ôhü is there a place I can store this while I am staying here? P-ºhÛ¼-zÇkh-¼ÛP-¾-ºhÛ-zŸG-Å-ŸÛG-Íï-»ôhü is there a room available to rent? ºhÛ-m-DP-(z)-¤ÛG-JÀ-HÛ-Íï-»ôhü is there a shower at this hotel? ¤Iôm-DP-mP-¾-G¸ÞGÅ-FâÅ-‚ïh-Å-Íï-ºhÝGü ¾ÞÅ-qôºFâ-Åü is there a tree in the park? uÛ-JÀÛP-mP-¾-ÁP-ÇkôP-Íï-»ôh-GÛü is there anything you would like me to get for you while I am at the market? 63 .

P-Fô¤-¾-»ôh-¼P-PÅ-Eôh-¾-ZôÅ-mÅ-»ôP-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-TPÍï-»ôhü is there butter in the refrigerator? ºEG-ÇK¤-mP-¾-¤¼-Íï-»ôhü is there electricity and hot water all day? ºhÛ¼-ZÛm-GP-zô¼-JÀôG-hP-Vß-±-zô-»ôh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is there more than one answer? ¾m-GTÛG-¾Å-Íï-»ôhü is there no difference? Eh-q¼-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is there no place where I can buy it? PÅ-ºhÛ-Zô-Å-ŸÛG-ºhÛ¼-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is there not someone else who can take that responsibility? ºhÛ-m-¤Û-GŸm-q-¾Å-ºGm-DÞ¼-fÞz-¤Û-ŸÛG-¤ïh-mÛÍï-¼ïhü is there someone here who speaks english? ºhÛ-m-h‚Ûm-Ç+h-zÁh-fÞz-¤Û-Íï-»ôhü is this a good idea? zŤ-„Àô-hï-Íï-»G-GÛ is this boiled? ºhÛ-Dô¾-¤-Íï-¼ïhü is this enough? ºhÛºÛ-Íï-ºhP-GÛü is this expensive? ºhÛ-GôP-Vïm-qô-Íï-¼ïhü is this not a great taste? ºhÛ-È-TP-GÛ-ŸÛ¤-qô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü is this not filling? ºhÛÅ-DïPÅ-ˆÛm-¤Û-ºhÝG-G¤ is this not nice? hï-»G-qô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü is this seat taken? @Ýz-ÇeïGÅ-ºhºÛ-ÇeïP-m-¤Û-Íï-»ôh-GÛü is this tent waterproof? 64 .

ü it does not look authentic hï-bG-¤-ºi-zô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü it doesn’t look like somebody has been here for a long time ºhÛ-m-¤Û-ŸÛG-»Þm-¼ÛP-¾-zÇkh-q-ºi-zô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü it doesn't matter hï-¤Û-Bômü it drips over here.Gݼ-ºhÛºÛ-Vß-ºGôG-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is this wood too wet to ignite? ÁÛP-ºhÛ-¤ï-zÞÅ-‚ïh-½Àôm-iG-Íï-ºhÝG is this yours? ºhÛ-Eôh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü is your homework finished? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-mP-¢ôP-±¼-Íï-ÅôP.ü 65 .ü is your room okay? Eôh-ˆÛ-DP-z-Íï-ºIÛG-GÛü isn't it? hï-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü it broke hï-VG-qô-¼ïhü it burned hï-±ÛG-qô-¼ïhü it can cost up to 50 yuans per hour to rent hï-JÀ-m-Vß-±ôh-GTÛG-¼ï-¾-IôP-ÇKô¼-50q¼-»ÛmHÛ-¼ïhü it depends on you how well our team does hï-P-±ôºÛ-¼Û-DG-GÛÅ-G-ºi-»G-qô-fÞz-¤Û-fÞz-¾-¼ïG¾Å-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it did not thunder ºƒâG-IG-¤-ÅôP. so we have put this bucket it fell fÛGÅ-q-ºhÛ-m-ºfÞGÅ-ˆÛ-»ôh-qÅ-P-±ôÅ-¸ô-z-hï-¸ïhü it has been confirmed hï-bG-bG-‚Å-±¼-ÅôP.

º-GÛ) it is easy hï-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-¼ïhü (hï-¯-GÛ) 66 .ü it has not been confirmed hï-bG-bG-‚Å-±¼-¤ïhü it is 10 minutes to 6:00 pm Ç+¼-¤-10xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-6¾-¸Ûm-ºhÝGü it is 20 minutes past midnight ¤±m-hGôP-Vß-±ôh-12!ú20¼ïhü it is 5 minutes past 4:00 am ŸôGÅ-qºÛ-Vß-±ôh-4ú5¼ïhü it is 5 minutes to dinner hG!ôP-¸Å-¸-Mã-¾-Ç+¼-¤-5ºhÝGü it is 9:00 o'clock Vß-±ôh-9bG-bG-¼ïhü it is a big responsibility hï-¾Å-ºGm-Vïm-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it is a good idea zŤ-„Àô-hï-»G-GÛ it is a more advanced practice hï-¤fô-¼Û¤-HÛ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it is about time I call home PÅ-EÛ¤-¾-D-q¼-GbôP-±ôh-¾-w¾-Vï¼-¸Ûm-ºhÝG it is almost january now h-w¾-Vï¼-¹-z-hP-qô-¼ïhü it is an emergency hï-²-IG-GÛ-GmÅ-±ß¾-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it is becoming (getting) dark now h-Å-¼Þz-ºI!ô-HÛm-ºhÝGü it is delicious hï-ŸÛ¤-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü (hï-ŸÛ¤-GÛ) it is difficult hï-DG-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü (hï-h.it has been snowing all morning Ÿ!ôGÅ-q-GP-zô¼-DPÅ-ºzz-ÅôP.

but we have to follow rules zôh-»ÛG-GbG-HÛ-¢P-Mã-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-P-±ôÅ-zl-vôh-hP-zÇeàm-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it is easy to see what is not yet done h-hÝP-GP-‚ïh-¤ïh-q-hï-¤fôP-Mã-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it is five minutes since he left Dô-ÅôP-mÅ-Ç+¼-¤-¿S-¼ïhü it is good to plan in advance ÇSôm-mÅ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-GbôP-z-hï-»G-GÛ it is hanging hï-ºGï¾-ºhÝGü it is her's hï-¤ô-¼ÛP-GÛ-¼ïhü it is hot hï-±-zô-¼ïhü it is important hï-G¾-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü it is late now..it is easy to complain ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-¼ïhü it is easy to learn to type Tibetan.¼ïhü it is mutually beneficial hï-wm-±ßm-GZÛÅ-¾-wm-fôG-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü it is necessary to buy insurance for the car ½ÀP-ºDô¼-¾-Zïm-ÆâP-±ôP-Çkï-Zô-Mã-È-TP-!GÛ-G¾Vïm-qô-¼ïhü it is nice hï-»G-GÛ (hï-¾ô-GÛ) it is not a big accomplishment hï-¾ïGÅ-Iâz-Vïm-qô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü it is not important hï-G¾-Vïm-qô-¤-¼ïhü 67 . would you like to rest? h-xÛ-zô-¼ïhü Eôh-ˆÛ-P¾-GÅô-MG-GÛ-Íï-»Ûmü it is most likely hï-w¾-Vï¼-.

º-HÛ-¼ïhü it is probably about 3 o'clock w¾-Vï¼-Vß-±ôh-3-q-¼ïh-ºhÝG it is probably before 6:00 pm hï-w¾-Vï¼-hGôP-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-6ÇSôm-¾-¼ïhü it is safe to walk around during day time 68 .. but maybe it will be useful someday hï-hï-¼P-zïh-uôh-¤ïh-GÛü »Ûm-»P-ZÛm-ŸÛG-¾-hï-zïhuôh-»ôh-ÆÛh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it is not very likely hï-w¾-Vï¼-.¤-¼ïhü it is nutritious hï-¸Å-zTßh-Tm-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it is past the expiry date for this food ¸Å-ºhÛºÛ-¹-±ïÅ-»ô¾-±¼-ºhÝGü it is possible I will unintentionally make serious mistakes when talking tibetan PÅ-zôh-Ç+h-zÁh-hÝÅ-zŤ-zŸÛm-¤-»Ûm-qºÛ-mô¼ºFâ¾-±z-Vïm-z¸ô-ÆÛh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it is possible to come here by train and bus. but it takes more effort ºhÛ-m-¤ï-ºDô¼-hP-ºIÛ¾-ºDô¼-GP-¼ÞP-GÛ-ÇKP¾-»ôP-m-ºIÛG-GÛ-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-TßP-®¤-h.it is not mine hï-PºÛ-¤-¼ïhü it is not nice to cover up evil deeds and pretend to be good uôh-Pm-‚Å-mÅ-»G-¤hôG-‚ïh-m-hï-»G-qô-¤-¼ïhü it is not ours hï-P-±ôºÛ-¤-¼ïhü it is not serious hï-±z-Vïm-¤-¼ïhü it is not snowing DPÅ-ºzz-ˆÛ-¤ïh-GÛü it is not urgent hï-±z-Vïm-¤-¼ïhü it is not useful now.

º-¤ô-¼ïhü it is very hard hï-È-TP-h. but there are exceptions hï-m¤-Mãm-hï-ºi-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-h¤ÛGÅ-zž-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü it is very difficult to please everybody ¤Û-±P-¤-hGº-¤GÝ-‚ïh-hÝ-ºWâG-HÛ-È-TP-h. it might rain hard soon ºƒâG-IGÅ-zŸÛm-ºhÝGü ¤HôGÅ-qô¼-V¼-z-Vïm-qôÁÛG-ºzz-Mã-¼ïhü it is urgent hï-G¾-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü (hï-±z-Vïm-¼ïhü) it is usually like this.º-¤ô-¼ïhü it is very important to comprehend the meaning of the scriptures hqï-VºÛ-mP-hôm-Gô-Mã-hï-È-TP-G¾-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü it leaks and needs to be fixed hï-¾-f!ÛGÅ-q-fÛGÅ-ˆÛ-ºh!ÝG-qÅ-hï-zB¼-GÅô-(»P-¾Å)ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-GÛ 69 .ZÛm-G¼-»¼-¤¼-(ºV¤-ºV¤-¾)-ÅôP-m-zhï-ºWG-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü it is said that this footprint in the rock was made in the 14th century ƒG-ÇeïP-GÛ-ŸzÅ-Xï-ºhÛ-hÝÅ-¼z-zTß-zŸÛºÛ-mP-¾-zŸGq-¼ïh-¸ï¼ü it is scheduled from 8 until 9 hÝÅ-±ôh-¼ÞÅ-¤ÛG-hï-Vß-±ôh-8mÅ-9q¼-¼ïhü it is serious hï-±z-Vïm-¼ïhü it is smaller than I thought hï-PÅ-zŤ-HÛ-¾Å-VßP-ºhÝG it is somewhere in this pile of papers hï-ÁôG-zÞ-ºhÛ-±ô-mP-ŸÛG-¾-»ôhü it is the same one we saw last week hï-P-±!ôÅ-zhÝm-yG-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-¤fôP-Mã-hï-hPGTÛG-¼ïhü it is thundering.

º-DG-Vïm-qô-»Ûm-ÅôP.-‚ïh-ż-ºIô-Mã-w¾-Vï¼-Ç+¼-¤-30ºGô¼-HÛ¼ïhü it took us two weeks to finish it h!ï-±ôÅ-±¼-z¼-zhÝm-yG-GZÛÅ-hGôÅ-ÅôP.it makes no difference to me hï-P-¾-wm-fôGÅ-¤!ïh-GÛ it must be after 4 o'clock by now hï-Vß-±ôh-4XïÅ-¾-»Ûm-HÛ-¼ïhü it must be the shrine room hï-¤Vôh-DP-»Ûm-HÛ-¼ïhü it rained all day ZÛm-GP-zô¼-V¼-q-ºzz-ÅôP. I did not do it intentionally hï-¤-zŤ-zŸÛm-hÝ-¼ïhü PÅ-zŤ-zŸÛm-hÝ-‚Å-q-¤Ûmü it was his decision not to do that hï-¤-‚Å-q-hï-Dô-»Û-fG-GTôh-¼ïhü it was not my intention to offend the lama „À-¤ºÛ-fÞGÅ-hGôPÅ-h=âGÅ-Mã-hï-PºÛ-h¤ÛGÅ-»Þ¾¤Ûmü 70 .ü it used to be very difficult hï-ÇSôm-¤¼-h.ü It was an accident.ü it says in the book that you were born in a village called kyidu ruwa hïz-hïºÛ-mP-¾-Eôh-¼P-BÛh-¤hÝh-IôP-GÅïz-mP-ºFâPÅz-¼ïh-¸ï¼ü it should be held like this hï-ºhÛ-ºi-‚Å-m-º²Ûm-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it spilled – we need another one hï-xÛ-¾-zÁôÅ-ºhÝG-qÅ-P-±ô-¾-GŸm-q-ŸÛG-hGôÅü it takes about 45 minutes to cook ¸-¤-hï-z¸ô-z-¾-È-¾¤-Ç+¼-¤-45ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü it takes approximately 20 minutes to get there hï-ÇÀïz-q-¾-w¾-Vï¼-Ç+¼-¤-20ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü it takes me about 30 minutes to go to work P-¾Å-.

after all this trying) hïÅ-¤fº-¤WâG-hï¼-¾Å-. isn’t it? hï-»G-qô-¼ïïh-¤-¼ïh-h¤ü 71 .-‚Å-ÅôP.000 yuans hïºÛ-¼Ûm-GôP-¾-=âP-ÇKô¼-10000¿ËG-hGôÅ-ˆÛ¼ïhü it will not hurt hïÅ-Gmôh-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü it will not purify hïÅ-G®P-¤-z¸ô-Mã-¤-¼ïhü it will protect hïÅ-ÆâP-Bôz-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it will rain tomorrow ÅP-ZÛm-V¼-ºzz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it will take only 20 minutes hïÅ-Ç+¼-¤-20¤-GbôGÅ-ºGô¼-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü it will take time hïÅ-zGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü it worked! (it finally worked.ü it would cost approximately 1500 dollars h!!ïºÛ-¼Ûm-GôP-¾-Í-ÇKô¼-1500®¤-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü it’s become messy hï-z®ôG-q-¾ôGÅ-ºhÝG it’s good to meet you finally – I have come close to meeting you ¤fº-¤WâG-hï¼-Eïh-¾-fÞGÅ-q-hï-»G-qô-¼ïhü P-Eïh-ˆÛZï-ż-fÞGÅ-ºôPÅ-z-¼ïhü several times fïPÅ-ºGº-¾ü it’s nice.it will be an adventure hï-Zïm-D-»ôh-qºÛ-‚-z-¾ôG-HÛ-¼ïhü it will be better to call tomorrow ÅP-ZÛm-D-q¼-GbôP-m-hï-¾Å-z¸P-GÛ it will be easier to do things few at a time hÝÅ-GTÛG-¾-‚-z-ZÝP-ZÝP-‚ïh-m-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-»ôhü it will cost more than 10.

nothing to worry about Ǩ-hï-VßP-VßP-ŸÛG-¼ïhü Åï¤Å-DÞ¼-‚ïh-¤Û-hGôÅü it's mine hï-PºÛ-¼ïhü it's none of my business hï-Eôh-¾-zzÅ-¤ïh-GÛü (hï-Eôh-¾-DÞ¼-ÇeïP-¤ïhü) it's not possible hï-¤Û-ÆÛh-q-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it's perfect! (just right) hï-bG-bG-¼ïhü it's still hot.ü it's time to start h-ºGô-º²âGÅ-¼m-ÅôP.-ºhÛ-¾Å-z-¾-w¾-Vï¼-ZÛm-GP-zô-hGôÅ-ˆÛ¼ïhü its better than this ºhÛ-¾Å-hïºÛ-»G-GÛ it's bleeding here ºhÝ-mÅ-FG-º²GÅ-ˆÛm-ºhÝG its difficult to get up before sunrise ZÛ-¤-¤-Á¼-GôP-»¼-¾P-Mã-hï-h.ü it's too expensive 72 . isn't it? hï-h-hÝP-±-zô-¼ïhü ¤-¼ïh-h¤ü it's straight ahead hï-fh-G¼-¾-iP-¤ô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü it's time to sleep h-Z¾-¼m-ÅôP.º-GÛ it's just a small cut .it’s not easy to ask for help ¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-¼ôGÅ-¸ï¼-Mã-hï-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü it’s probably going to snow w¾-Vï¼-DPÅ-ŸÛG-ºzz-GÛ item for sale z±ôP-MãºÛ-T-¾G it'll take almost the whole day to do this work ¾ÎÅ-.

ü just a minute.hï-GôP-Vï-iG-ºhÝG it's too much hï-¤P-!iG-ºhÝG it's very cold here. she had not mailed it yet ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-G¸º-¤ÛG-h¤¼-¾-¤ôÅ-h-hÝP-hï-zÇ+ݼ-¤ÅôP.ü PÅ-hï-P-¾-»ôh-¤ïh-ŸÛGz¿eü just because someone is Tibetan. does not mean they are not a communist zôh-q-»Ûm-m-GÝP-Fm-¼ÛP-¾ÞGÅ-q-¤Ûm-qÅ-Ez-HÛ¤-¼ïhü just thinking about suffering makes me sad ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-zÅ-PºÛ-Åï¤Å-q-Bô-¼ÞzTßG just walk over there and put it in the closet hï¼-ÅôP-¾-hï-V-ÇK¤-mP-hÝ-ŸôG last month we were still looking for a translator ¹-z-ÇSôm-¤¼-P-±ôÅ-h-hÝP-Ç+h-Nå¼-(¾ô-®Ð)-zŸÛG-z®¾-zŸÛm-»ôhü last Wednesday.ü last year also we were discussing about this issue ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-P-±ôÅ-Gmh-hôm-ºhÛ-»P-IôÅzÇkݼ-‚Å-q-»Ûmü last year she was still a new student ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-¤ô-h-hÝP-ÇÀôz-¤-Gż-q-¼ïhü last year the decision had not yet been reached ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-h-hÝP-fG-GTôh-hï-‚Å-¤ïhü last year they gave you a gift ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-Dô-±ôÅ-Eïh-¾-ºzz-D-vh-ÅôP. is there a heater? ºhÛ-m-È-TP-ºEG-GÛ hï¼-iôh-GbôP-»ô-VÅ-Íï-»ôhü I've finished chopping the vegetables for the soup PÅ-DÞ-z-Ç+ô¾-‚ïh-¾-ÇSô-±¾-ZôÅ-±¼-ÅôP.ü 73 . I will see if I have it or not Ç+¼-¤-GTÛG-zÇKÝG-hP.

but not including.ü let her talk ¤!ô-¾-zÁh-hÝ-VßGü let me check if the text has already been translated hqï-V-hï-zNå¼-±¼-Íï-ºhÝG-PÅ-TÛG-z¿eü let me present the situation PÅ-GmÅ-±ß¾-hï-ºƒï¾-zÁh-ŸÛG-‚ïhü let me tie this ºhÛ-PÅ-¤hÝhü let me try PÅ-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-‚ïhü let us go P-±ô-ºIô let us meet at 20 minutes to 8:00 in the morning P-±!ô-Vß-±ôh-7ú20fôG-fÞG (P-±ô-ŸôGÅ-q-Ç+¼-¤20Vß-±ôh-8q¼-¤-¸Ûm-GôP-fÞGÅü) let’s go together P-±ô-¤Z¤-hÝ-ºIô let's count while you are still here h-hÝP-Eôh-ºhÛ¼-»ôh-¼ÛP-¾-P-±ôÅ-z¯Ûü let's drink some tea before we go out P-±ô-xÛ-¾-¤-ºIô-ÇSôm-¾-P-±ôÅ-W-ŸÛG-ºfÞP.ü let's eat (P-±ô)¸-¤-¸ü let's go P-±ô-ºIôü let's sit down P-±ô-zÇkh-(ºhÝG) long life to you 74 .last year they were coming here on weekends ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-G¸º-ºDô¼-¤WâG-¾-Dô-±ô-ºh!Û¼ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü last year you taught up to. Guru Yoga ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-„À-¤ºÛ-n¾-¤‚ô¼-z¼-hÝFÛh-ÅôP.

ü) long time no see »Ûm-¼ÛP-¾-fÞG-¤-ÅôP.Eôh-¼P-±ï-¼ÛP-z¼-ÁôG (informal ±ï-¼ÛP.ü may he come back later today? hï-¼ÛP-TßP-XïÅ-mÅ-Dô-xÛ¼-¾-ºôP-GÛ-Íï-¼ïhü may I be able to finish PÅ-±¼-fÞz-q¼-ÁôG may I have the time to write P-¾-»Û-Gï-ºÎƒÛ-zºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-»ôh-q¼-ÁôG may I use this? ºhÛ-PÅ-zïh-uôh-GbôP-Íï-VôG may there be peace in the world º²¤-JÀÛP-mP-ŸÛ-zhï-»ôP-z¼-ÁôG may they be satisfied 75 .ü many students are listening to the lama's teaching ÇÀôz-¤-¤P-qôÅ-„À-¤ºÛ-VôÅ-FÛh-¾-Zm-HÛm-ºhÝG many years have passed since that singer became popular JÀâ-z-hï-Ç+h-IGÅ-VGÅ-mÅ-¾ô-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-ºIô-ÅôP.ü looking back. I think that was a big mistake PÅ-xÛ¼-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-±ï-mô¼-ºFâ¾-hï-Vïm-qô-ŸÛG¼ïh-zŤ-HÛ-ºhÝGü lunch is at exactly 12:00 noon ZÛm-GôP-GÛ-¸Å-Vß-±ôh-12ú00bG-bG-fôG-¾-»Ûmü many conditions have to come together. such as teachers. students. sponsors and so on „À-¤-hP-ÇÀôz-¤-¢Ûm-zhG-¾-ÅôGÅ-q-V-Aïm-¤P-qôÁÛG-¿Ëm-hÝ-º²ô¤Å-hGôÅ-GÛ many people died ¤Û-¤P-qô-ÁÛ-ÅôP.ü) (formal Ç+Ý-±ï-¼ÛP.ü look at the second page ÁôG-PôÅ-GZÛÅ-q-¾-¿eôÅü look! here they come! ¿eôÅ-hP-DôP-±ô-ºhÛ¼-ÇÀïz-‚ãP.

please hï-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-£P-¯Û-ZÝP-ZÝP-ÁÛG-Æï-¼ôGÅü more than 200 students went to the teachings VôÅ-FÛh-¾-ÇÀôz-¤-ZÛÅ-zM-¿ËG-ÅôP-ºhÝG most of my experience is with the Lhasa dialect ¿Ë-źÛ-Ç+h-¾-P-¾-Z¤Å-¥ôP-»ôhü motivation plays a major role in any dharma practice mP-VôÅ-ˆÛ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-GP-»Ûm-»P-.DôP-±ôÅ-ºhôh-q-DïPÅ-q¼-ÁôG maybe he will come late.º-zOæzÅ-q-¼ïhü mix a little bit of honey with it.ü my leg touched the book PºÛ-@P-qÅ-hïz-¾-fÞG-ÅôP.ü my name is john PºÛ-¤ÛP-¾-Wôm-¸ï¼ü my stomach hurts PºÛ-wô-m-GÛ my telephone number is PºÛ-D-q¼-ÍP-IPÅ-hïü my throat hurts 76 .Ým-ÇÀôP-GÛ-Eï¼HÛ-¼ïhü my eyes are sore PºÛ-¤ÛÛG-m-GÛ (PºÛ-¤ÛG-mP-¾-©-»ôh-GÛ) my first question is PºÛ-iÛ-z-hP-qô-hïü my guess is that it might snow in the afternoon PÅ-±ôh-hqG-‚Å-m-xÛ-iô-DPÅ-ºzz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü my head hit the wall and a lot of blood came out PºÛ-¤Gô-AP-¾-zMz-mÅ-FG-¤P-qô-¸GÅ-ÅôP. maybe not Dô-w¾-Vï¼-xÛ-zô-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü w¾-Vï¼-ºôP-GÛ-¤¼ïhü meat is harder to chew than vegetables ÇSô-±¾-¾Å-Á-¿kh-ˆ!Û-Æ-¤ô-ºhÝG Milarepa obeyed his teacher ¤Û-¾-¼ÞÅ-qÅ-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-„À-¤ºÛ-z.

PºÛ-¤Ûh-q-m-GÛ
my wallet must have fallen somewhere
PºÛ-ÇKô¼-DÞG-hï-Å-V-ŸÛG-¾-¿ËàP-ÅôP-¸ÛG
next year I will still be working
¾ô-XïÅ-¤¼-h-hÝP-PÅ-¾Å-;-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
nice to meet you
Eôh-¾-fÞG-q-hï-»G-qô-¼ïhü
no
¤Ûmü ¤ïhü ¤Û-hGôÅü
no problem
¤Û-Bômü
nobody is to blame for this
hï-¾-¤Û-GTÛG-GÛÅ-Bôm-zXôh-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü
nomads like to grow their hair
!ºƒôG-q-±ô-C-¼ÛP-z!ô-Z¼-HÛ-hGºü
not only is the quality not good, but also it is expensive
ÇtäÅ-D-Pm-qºÛ-¤-±h-¼Ûm-GôP-»P-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü
now he is retired
h-DôÅ-¾Å-;-mÅ-P¾-GÅô-±¼-»ôhü (h-DôÅ-zIïÅ-»ô¾‚Å-ÅôP.ü)
now I need to go
h-P-ºIô-hGôÅü
now i will chant with a different melody
h-PÅ-¼ô¾-h‚P-¤Û-ºi-z-ŸÛG-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-ºhômHÛ-»Ûmü
now its 15 minutes break!
h-Ç+¼-¤-15¾-P¾-GÅô-»ôhü
now you try to read
h-Eôh-ˆÛ->ÀôG-q¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-fôPÅü
of course!
»Ûm-»Ûmü ¼ïh-¼ïhü »Ûm-hP-»Ûmü
oh yes, now I see! (I hadn’t realized until now)
Íô-¼!ïü h-PÅ-Á!ïÅ-Å!ôP.ü
oh, now I remember! (until now, I couldn’t)

77

Íôü h-PÅ-im-GÛ
okay, put it on the table
Íôü (»ü) hï-TôG-®ï-ÇKP-¾-ŸôG
on what days are you not cooking ?
m¤-GÛ-ZÛ-¤!ô¼-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¸-¤-z¸ô-GÛ-¤ïhü
on what days are you vegetarian? on Tuesday?
m¤-GÛ-ZÛm-¤ô¼-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Á-¸-GÛ-¤ïhü ¤ÛG-h¤¼ZÛm-!Íï-¼ïhü
once we are sure the teachings are valid, we should sit down and
meditate
P-±ôÅ-VôÅ-FÛh-n¤Å-bG-bG-ŸÛG-zhïm-q¼-dôGÅ-hÝÅü
P-±ô-¤¼-Çk!ôh-mÅ-ÇKô¤-MG-hGôÅü
one day we will all vanish from this world
ZÛ-¤-ŸÛG-¾-P-±ô-±P-¤-º²¤-JÀÛP-ºhÛ-mÅ-¤ïh-ºIô-Mã¼ïhü
one more time
»P-zB¼-fïPÅ-GTÛG
one needs to disregard all hardship and learn from the lama
P¾-z-Eh-hÝ-zÅh-mÅ-„À-¤ºÛ-¤hÝm-mÅ-¢P-hGôÅü
one of my teeth has decayed and is causing a lot of pain
PºÛ-Åô-GTÛG-¼Þ¾-ºhÝG-qÅ-G²ï¼-¤P-qô-MG-HÛmºhÝG
one-hundred plus three-hundred is four-hundred
zMºÛ-ÇKP-(fôG)-¾-ÅÞ¤-zM-zÇom-m-zŸÛ-zM-¼ïhü
oops!
open the book to page 540 and you will see it
hïz-hïºÛ-ÁôG-PôÅ-540‚ïÅ-hP-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-¤fôP-GÛ-¼ïhü
ouch!
our minds are ruled by afflictions
P-±ôºÛ-Åï¤Å-q-Zôm-¤ôP-hP-ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-ˆÛÅ-hzPzNå¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôh-q-¼ïhü
over time, these pills will multiply due to the blessings

78

hÝÅ-Ç+zÅ-ÅÞ-h¤-µÅ-¼Û¾-zÞ-ºhÛ-hG-¾-¼ÛP-Æᄎzz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
perhaps he brought the food
w¾-Vï¼-DôÅ-¸-¤-Eï¼-mÅ-ºôP-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhüü
perhaps there is a message for me in that letter
»ÛG-zÇ+ݼ-ºhÛºÛ-mP-hÝ-P-¾-ºyÛm-q-ŸÛG-»ôh-mfP.ü
please ask him what time he would like to meet the new student
h!ÝÅ-±ôh-m¤-DôP-ÇÀôz-¤-Gż-q-¾-fÞG-Mã-»Ûm¸ï¼-mÅ-Ç+h-V-ºiÛ-¼ôGÅü
please be careful! it is slippery here
G¸z-G¸z-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü ºhÛ-Áݾ-Å-ŸÛG-¼ïhü
please bless me to succeed in this practice
Z¤Å-¾ïm-ºhÛ-¤f¼-xÛm-Vïh-P-¾-fÞGÅ-Gbh-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü
please bring me another cup of tea
P-¾-»P-zB¼-W-wô¼-z-GP-Eï¼-mÅ-»ôP-¼ôGÅü
please bring some tsampa
¯¤-q-ŸÛG-Eï¼-mÅ-»ôP-¼ôGÅü
please buy some books
hïz-ºGº-ZôÅ-¼ôGÅü
please call me
P-¾-D-q¼-ŸÛG-GbôP-¼ôGÅü
please close the door
ÇKô-hï-Mz-¼ôGÅü
please come
wïzÅ-¼ôGÅü
please come in
mP-¾-wïz-¼ôGÅü
please count this money with me
ÇKô¼-¤ô-ºhÛ-P-»ôh-ż-z¯Û-¼ôGÅü
please cut
G®z-¼ôGÅü (Gbàz-¼ôGÅü)
please distribute the tsok
±ôGÅ-hï-v!ôh-¼ôGÅü

79

please do like this ºhÛ-ºi-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü please don't do that hï-¤-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü please eat ¸-¼ôGÅü please give a brief teaching on Refuge Bz-ºIôºÛ-FÛh-¤hô¼-zÇkÝÅ-ŸÛG-GÅÞP-¼ôGÅü please give me an example hq!!ï¼-zXôh-ŸÛG-ºWôG-¼ôGÅü please help ¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü please let him check your computer .maybe he can fix it Dô-¾-Eïh-ˆÛ-JÀôG->Àh-hï-z¿e-¼Þ-VßG-hP-DôÅ-hï-»P¾Å-fÞz-m-fP.ü please mark your book so that you can tell the difference (from other similar books) Eôh-¼ÛP-GÛ-hïz-¾-dG-MG-¼ôGÅ-hP-hï-mÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅEh-q¼-h‚ï-fÞzü please open the door ÇKô-hï-‚ï-¼ôGÅü please open the gate for me P-¾-M-ÇKô-hï-‚ï-¼ôGÅü please pass me the salt P-¾-±Ð-hï-vôh-¼ôGÅü please read this aloud for me ºhÛ-P-¾-Ç+h-Vïm-qô->ÀôG-¼ôGÅ please refrain from drinking alcohol – it is not healthy Eôh-ˆÛÅ-VP-zbàP-z-hï-¤±¤Å-ºWôG-¼ôGÅü hï-zhï-fP(ºyôh-dïm)-¾-z¸P-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü please remind him today’s schedule Dô-¾-hï-¼P-GÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-¼!ïºÞ-¤ÛG-im-GÅô-‚ïh¼ôGÅü please review with me 80 .

P-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-zB¼-¢ôP-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü please say prayers for my friend PºÛ-IôGÅ-qôºÛ-Vïh-hÝ-ºhôm-q-GÅÞP-¼ôGÅü please show me around this monastery P-hGôm-q-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-FÛh-¼ôGÅü (P-¾-hGôm-qºhÛºÛ-mP-¿Ë-FÛh-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü) please show me how (in what manner) this knot is tied ¤hÝh-q-ºhÛ-¤hÝh-ÇePÅ-hï-P-¾-GÅÞP-¼ôGÅü please show me on the map Å-FºÛ-ÇKP-hÝ-P-¾-Çeôm-¼ôGÅü please show me this book hïz-ºhÛ-P-¾-Çem-¼ôGÅü please sign here ºhÛ¼-¤ÛP-dG-ºGôh-¼ôGÅü please sit down ¤¼-zŸÝGÅ-¼ôGÅü please sit here ºhÛ¼-zŸÝGÅü (ºhÛ¼-Çkôhü) please speak slowly h¾-¤ô-zÁh-¼ôGÅü please stand up »G-zŸïPÅ-¼ôGÅü please sweep the kitchen well W-DP-hï-»G-qô-ŸÛG-!ºxG-¼ôGÅü please take care of yourself Eôh-¼P-GÛÅ-G¸z-G¸z-‚ïh-¼ôGÅü please teach us the way to arrange things on the altar ¤Vôh-FºÛ-ÇKP-¾-¤Vôh-‚¤Å-‚ïh-ÇePÅ-hï-P-¾-GÅÞP¼ôGÅü please tell me when your clothes need to be washed Eôh-ˆÛ-Hôm-q-n¤Å-ºFâ-hGôÅ-hÝÅ-P-¾-zÁh-¼ôGÅü Please think it over hïºÛ-ÇKP-¾-zŤ-„Àô-ŸÛG-GbôP-¼ôGÅü please use this closet to put your things 81 .

V-ÇK¤-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-Eôh-ˆÛ-zTº-¾G-n¤Å-ºWôG-mÅzïh-uôh-GbôP-¼ôGÅü please wait zÇKÝG-¼ôGÅü please wake me up at 5:00 o’clock Vß-±ôh-5ÇKP-¾-PºÛ-GZÛh-h=ôG-¼ôGÅü please write ºƒÛ-¼ôGÅü practice this over and over again hï-»P-mÅ-»P-hÝ-Z¤Å-¾ïm-‚ôÅü probably w¾-Vï¼ü probably not w¾-Vï¼-¤-¼ïhü quality of the text hqï-VºÛ-ÇtäÅ-Gü really (no kidding) Pô-¤-»Ûmü really? (is that so?) Pô-¤-Íï-»Ûmü repeat after me PÅ-XïÅ-ÅÞ-zB¼-¹ôÅ-‚!ôÅü right now we are planning for next year h-P-±ôÅ-¾ô-XïÅ-¤ÛºÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-ºGôh-ˆÛm-»ôhü Rinpoche will be doing self-empowerment at 9:30 a.m.ü see you soon 82 . Vß-±ôh-9ú30fôG-¼Ûm-qô-Vï-GÛÅ-hzP-GÛ-d-Gôm-‚ïhˆÛ-¼ïhü saying thank you doesn’t help z.º-iÛm-Vï-¸ï¼-z-®¤-HÛÅ-wm-fôGÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü see you at 5:30 in the evening xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-5ú30fôG-fÞG see you later TßP-®¤-XïÅ-mÅ-fÞG-(¤W¾)-»ôP.

¤HôGÅ-q!ô¼-fÞG-»ôP.ü she came but she was late.ü she has become very famous ¤ô-È-TP-GÛ-Ç+h-IGÅ-VGÅ-ÅôP. wasn't she? ¤ô-»ôP-ÅôP-»Ûm-»P-ºGô¼-ÅôP-¤-ÅôP-P¤ü she claimed they put her uncle in prison Dô-¤ôÅ-zÁh-Mã-DôP-±ôÅ-Dô-¤ôºÛ-Í-ŸP-FÛ¤Å-¾-¢¼ÅôP-¸ï¼ü she covered her niece with a blanket ¤!ôÅ-¤ô-¼ÛP-GÛ-±-¤!ô-fôG-¾-Z¾-fÞ¾-hï-ºGïzÅ-ÅôP.ü see you tomorrow ÅP-ZÛm-fÞG-»ôP.ü she has the address ¤!ô-¾-D-‚P-hï-»ôh-GÛ 83 .ü she does not dare to ride ¤ôÅ-(d)-zŸôm-wôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü she does not have blankets ¤ô-¾-Z¾-fÞ¾-¤ïh-GÛ she donated ¤ôÅ-Ÿ¾-ºhïzÅ-‚Å-ÅôP.ü see you tonight hô-hGôP-fÞG-»ôP.ü she brought this dish ¿kï¼-¤-ºhÛ-¤ôÅ-Eï¼-ºôP-ÅôP.ü seems like the food has spoiled ¸-¤-hï-¼Þ¾-ÅôP-z-ºi-zô-ºhÝG she always complains ¤ôÅ-dG-q¼-ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü she became upset ¤ô-Çtô-¾P-ÅôP.ü she gave ¤!ôÅ-vh-ÅôP.ü she generally doesn’t call Eôm-m-¤ôÅ-D-q¼-GbôP-¤-ÅôP.

but she is just pretending not to know Dô-¤ôÅ-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-¤Û-ÁïÅ-¤hôG-‚ïh-ˆÛmºhÝG she looks upset (I wonder why) Dô-¤ô-Çtô-¾PÅ-»ôh-D-¼ïhü she may have taken many pictures Dô-¤ôÅ-q¼-¤P-qô-zMz-»ôh-D-»Ûmü she might be resting Dô-¤ôÅ-P¾-GÅô-‚Å-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü she might cook tonight hô-mÝz-Dô-¤ôÅ-¸-¤-z¸ô-Mã-¼ïhü 84 .she is also helping ¤ôÅ-»P-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG she is apologizing for coming late ¤!ôÅ-¤ô-¼ÛP-ºGô¼-ÅôP-z-¾-hGôPÅ-hG-ŸÝ-GÛm-ºhÝG she is bringing ¤ôÅ-Eï¼-mÅ-»ôP-GÛm-»ôhü she is claiming you already agreed to give the empowerment ¤ôÅ-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-hzP-hï-zÇ+ݼ-Mã-¤ôÅ-¤fÞm-‚Å-±¼-»ôh¸ï¼ü she is confused about something you said yesterday D-ÅP-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-zÁh-ˆÛ-hï-¤ôÅ-È-Gô-¤Û-ºhÝG she is Dekyi Dô-¤ô-zhï-BÛh-¼ïhü she is feeling sad ¤ô-Åï¤Å-q-Bô-GÛ-»ôh-GÛ she is in a good mood ¤ô-Åï¤Å-q-BÛh-GÛ-»ôh-GÛ she is not agreeing Dô-¤ô-¾-¤ôÅ-ºfÞm-¤ïh-GÛ she is not shy Dô-¤ô-Pô-±-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü she is smiling Dô-¤ôÅ-º²â¤-¤hPÅ-Çeôm-HÛm-ºhÝG she knows.

but there was traffic Dô-¤ô-ºôP-zŤ-ÅôP-»Ûm-»P-½ÀP-ºDô¼-HÛ-º±P-D-VïÅôP.ü should I make some tea? PÅ-W-ŸÛG-Íï-Ç+ô¾ü should I memorize this? 85 .ü she wants to donate ¤ô-¼ÛP-GÛÅ-Ÿ¾-ºhïzÅ-ŸÛG-MG-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ she will certainly like to learn from you Dô-¤ôÅ-Pô-¤-Eïh-¼P-GÛ-¤hÝm-mÅ-¢P-zŤ-HÛ-»ôhmÛ-¼ïhü should I bring a cushion for you? PÅ-Eïh-¾-Ghm-ŸÛG-Eï¼-Íï-»ôP.she might dare to bring Dô-¤ôÅ-Eï¼-ºôP-wôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü she probably works Dô-¤ôÅ-w¾-Vï¼-¾Å-.ü should I do this first or should I do that first? PÅ-ºhÛ-ÇSôm-¾-¾Å-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïh-»P-m-hï-ÇSôm-¾¾Å-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü should I knock? PÅ-ÇKô-Íï-lÝP.-‚ïh-ˆÛ-!»ôhü she said he was a jerk Dô-¤ôÅ-Dô-mÛ-mô¼-ºFâ¾-Áô¼-¤Û-ŸÛG-»Ûm-ÅôP¸ï¼ü she said that it had not been a good day Dô-¤ôÅ-hï-ZÛ-¤-»G-qô-ŸÛG-»Ûm-¤-ÅôP-¸ï¼ü she sometimes comes Dô-¤!ô-¤±¤Å-¼ï¼-¾-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü she sometimes sees things that others cannot see ¤±¤Å-¼ï¼-GŸm-qÅ-¤Û-¤fôP-ˆÛ-hï-±ô-Dô-¤ôÅ-¤fôPGÛ-¼ïhü she told me it wasn’t helpful Dô-¤ôÅ-P-¾-hï-wm-fôGÅ-‚ãP-¤-ÅôP-¸ï¼ü she wanted to come.

ü should we schedule a tsok on monday the 27th? P-±ôÅ-±ôGÅ-hï-G¸º-¹-zºÛ-27ZÛm-ºhôm-HÛ-‚ïh-mü should we speak out against injustice in society P-±ôºÛ-uÛ-±ôGÅ-mP-iP-zhïm-¤Û-ºhÝG-¸ï¼-mÅ-zÁhhGôÅü sign here please ¤P-dG-ºhÛ¼-ºGôh-¼ôGÅü smaller than expected GŸÛ¼-zŸG-¾Å-VßP-ºhÝG some cultures bury their dead people Æô¾-Mãm-ºGº-»Ûm-m-zï¤-qô-Å-ºôG-bà-Ç~Å-ˆÛ-¼ïhü some of us went there P-±ô-ºGº-hï¼-ÅôP-z-»Ûmü some people are able to shout louder than others ¤Û-D-ÁÅ-ˆÛÅ-GŸm-¾Å-Ç+h-Tô¼-Vïm-qô-MG-GÛ-¼ïhü some people are not able to clearly distinguish between good and bad ¤Û-D-ÁÅ-ˆÛÅ-»G-¯ôG-GÛ-h‚ï-z-Gž-zô¼-º‚ïh-fÞz-ˆÛ-¤¼ïhü some students would like to arrange for a personal interview ÇÀôz-¤-ºGº-¾-ÇKï¼-HÛ-zT¼-ºiÛºÛ-I-zOÛGÅ-‚ïh-ˆÛºhôh-q-ºhÝG 86 .ºhÛ-PÅ-„Àô-¾-º²Ûm-hGôÅ-mÛ-!Íï-¼ïhü should I pour some more tea? PÅ-W-Íï-„ÀâGÅü should I turn on another lamp? PÅ-¤Vôh-¤ï-GŸm-ŸÛG-Íï-¤Vôhü should we cancel the teaching? P-±ôÅ-VôÅ-FÛh-hï-xÛ¼-ºfïm-‚ïh-hGôÅ-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü should we change the appointment to friday? P-±ôºÛ-fÞG-MãºÛ-D-Vh-hï-zX!ï-mÅ-G¸º-q-ÅPÅZÛmfÞG-hGôÅ-mÛ-!Íï-¼ïhü should we order anything else? hï-¤Ûm-P-±ôÅ-¸-¤-GŸm-Íï-GbôP.

and sometimes there is not? ¤±¤Å-¼ï¼-O-GhPÅ-¾-Mãm-¿km-HÛ-ºIô-ÇePÅ-»ôh-qhP-¤±¤Å-¼ïh-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü sorry Çtô-¤-¾P.ü students will listen to you because you are the lama Eïh-„À-¤-»Ûm-q¼-dïm-ÇÀôz-¤-±ôÅ-Eïh-ˆÛ-GÅÞP-¾Zm-ˆÛ-¼ïhü suppose somebody has a good intention to help but something bad happens while helping.ü Dô-¼ÛP-GÛÅ-‚-z-hï-»G-qô-ŸÛG-»Ûm-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-mhïºÛ-ºƒÅ-zÞ-G-ºi-ŸÛG-»Ûm-Mã-¼ïhü suppose you lost all your books G¾-ÆÛh-Eôh-ˆÛ-hïz-±P-¤-zô¼-ÅôP-mü 87 .ü sometimes there is a pattern to the pronunciations. what is the result? G¾-ÆÛh-¤Û-ŸÛG-GÛ-‚-z-Pm-q-ŸÛG-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôh-q-hP.ÝmÇÀôP-»G-qô-ŸÛG-»ôh-q-hPü ¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-Ç+zÅ-Pm-qŸÛG-‚ãP-ÅôP-m-hïºÛ-ºƒÅ-zÞ-G-ºi-ŸÛG-»Ûm-Mã-¼ïhü suppose somebody is doing something evil but is thinking he is doing something good.ü (P¼-¤-Dôü) so-so (okay) ºIÛG-GÛ stick it together with glue hï-¤Z¤-hÝ-¢Ûm-VßÅ-¢¼-¼ôGÅü stick this on the wall with something sticky hï-¢¼-µÅ-ŸÛG-GÛÅ-ˆP-PôÅ-¾-¢ô¼ü students were gathering late in the evening hGÝP-¤ô-xÛ-zô-ÇÀô¤-¤-±ô-¤Z¤-hÝ-º²ô¤Å-ÅôP.somebody donated all these books ¤Û-ŸÛG-GÛÅ-hïz-hï-±ô-±P-¤-Ÿ¾-ºhïzÅ-‚Å-ÅôP. what is the result? G¾-ÆÛh-¤Û-ŸÛG-¾-¼ôGÅ-q-‚ïh-zŤ-qºÛ-.ü something strange happened to me yesterday D-ÅP-P-¾-Eh-¤±¼-ŸÛG-‚!ÝP-ÅôP.

º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for taking the trouble to help me PºÛ-h.swallow one pill twice each day.º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for your help Eôh-ˆÛ-¼ôGÅ-Bô¼-Vïh-z.ü GTÛG-ŸôGÅ-WºÛ-XïÅ-hP-GTÛG-mÝz-¸Å-ˆÛ-XïÅ-ÅÞºfÞP.º-iÛm-ÁÝm-hÝ-Vïü that center is requesting this empowerment and lung VôÅ-±ôGÅ-hïÅ-hzP-¾ÞP-ºhÛ-¼ï-ŸÝ-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG that dog barks a lot EÛ-hï-¤P-qô-¸ÞG-GÛ-¼ïhü that is amazing! hï-Eh-¤±¼-ŸÛG-¼ïhü that is for them hï-Dô-±ôºÛ-Vïh-hÝ-¼ïhü that is immoral 88 .º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for all your help Eïh-ˆÛÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚Å-q¼-z.º-iÛm-Vïü thank you so much z.º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for coming wïzÅ-q¼-z.ü swimming is a good exercise Vß-zB¾-mÛ-¾ÞÅ-¯¾-»G-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü ten divided by two is five zTß-hï-GZÛÅ-¾-zG!ôÅ-m-¿S-fôzü thank you z. once after breakfast and once after dinner ZÛm-¼ï¼-Ǩm-¼Û¾-GTÛG-¼ï¼fïPÅ-GZÛÅ-¾-ºfÞP.º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for reminding me P-¾-im-GÅô-‚Å-q¼-z.º-iÛm-Vïü thank you for your hospitality Eôh-ˆÛ-Çoï-¾ïm-G¸z-MÅ-Vïh-z.º-DG-EôhˆÛÅ-DÞ¼-¼ôGÅ-‚Å-q¼-z.

ü that makes me sad hïÅ-PºÛ-Åï¤Å-q-Bô-¼Þ-zTßG-ÅôP.Ým-uôh-»G-qô-¤-¼ïhü that is impossible hï-ÆÛh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü that is mine hï-PºÛ-¼ïhü that is my suggestion.ü that monk recites the scriptures well IÔ-q-hïÅ-hqï-V-n¤Å-»G-q!ô-ºhôm-GÛ that nomadic girl is very attractive 89 .hï-. but you can do whatever hï-PºÛ-zŤ-±ß¾-»Ûm-»P-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-GP-‚ïh-m-ºIÛG that is not for me hï-P-¾-¤-¼ïhü that is not my pen hï-PºÛ-«å-GÝ-¤-¼ïhü that is one point of view hï-G®ô-zô-GTÛG-¼ïhü that is one possibility hï-ÆÛh-q-ŸÛG-¼ïhü that is only one of many possible ways of doing it hï-‚ïh-fÞz-qºÛ-¾¤-D-¤P-qô-mP-mÅ-GTÛG-Dô-m-¼ïhü that is probably illegal hï-w¾-Vï¼-FÛ¤Å-ºG¾-¼ïhü that is risky hï-Zïm-D-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü that is very interesting hï-¾ô-GÛ (hï-»G-GÛ) that is very likely true hï-È-¾¤-zhïm-q-»Ûm-HÛ-¼ïhü that is what the translator said Ç+h-Nå¼-HÛÅ-zÁh-Mã-hï-hï-¼ïhü that is why I was excited Mã-¤±m-hï¼-zdïm-P-¾-ÁïÅ-ºhôh-‚ãP-ÅôP.

º-GÛ that radio does not work ½ÀâP-ºyÛm-(O-ÇkÝh-ºDô¼-¾ô-)hï-¾Å-.ü the campers gathered around the fire to keep warm G!ݼ-wÞz-¤Dm-n¤Å-ˆÛÅ-¤ïºÛ-¤fº-Ç+ô¼-hÝ-º²ô¤ÅmÅ-¤ï-¾-iôÅ-ˆÛ-ºhÝG 90 .ü the biggest obstacle is to overcome the fear ºWÛGÅ-CG-¾Å-M¾-Mã-hï-h.mÛ-¼ïhü the baby accidentally spilled some milk ‚ÛÅ-q-hïÅ-ºô-¤-zÁôÅ-ÅôP.-¤Û-‚ïh-GÛ that shop is usually closed on fridays ±ôP-DP-ºhÛºÛ-ÇKô-m¤-Mãm-G¸º-q-ÅPÅ-ZÛm-Mz-ˆÛ¼ïhü that town has cleaner bathrooms IôP-q-hï-¾-GÅP-uôh-G®P-¤-»ôh-GÛ that was easy. wasn’t it? hï-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü ¤-¼ïh-h¤ü the 1960s were a difficult time 1960mP-h.º-P¾-¤P-qô-‚ãP.º-DG-Vï-ÁôÅ-hï-¼ïhü the bill is 20 dollars JÀ-V-¾-Í-ÇKô¼-20¼ïhü the book also talks about other teachers hïz-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-„À-¤-GŸm-HÛ-Ç+ô¼-»P-»ôh-GÛ the Buddhas have a pledge to practice Bodhicitta ÅPÅ-MÅ-f¤Å-Th-ˆÛÅ-‚P-Vßz-ˆÛ-Åï¤Å-Z¤Å-ÅÞ-¾ïm-q¼h¤-zTº-‚Å-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü the butter is in the fridge ¤¼-hï-ºEG-ÇK¤-mP-¾-»ôhü the campers chopped down many tree branches Gݼ-wÞz-¤Dm-n¤Å-ˆÛÅ-Á!ÛP-GÛ-»¾-G-¤P-qô-zThÅôP.!ºƒôG-¤ô-hï-È-TP-GÛ-¤²ïÅ-¤-ŸÛG-¼ïhü that peg is stuck deeply in the ground. it is difficult to pull out wÞ¼-z-hï-Å-mP-¾-¸z-¤ô-ŸÛG-zlz-ºhÝGü hï-»¼-ºwÞhˆÛ-h.

it's broken) ½ÀP-ºDô¼-hï-¾-VG-Bôm-‚ãP-ºhÝG the car needs to be fixed – it has a flat tire (puncture) ½ÀP-ºDô¼-hïºÛ-ºDô¼-¾ô-hƒ¾-ºhÝG-qÅ-zB¼-GÅôŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅü the car takes time to warm up ½ÀP-ºDô¼-HÛ-ºyâ¾-VÅ-iôm-qô-‚ïh-q-¾-hÝÅ-±ôhºGô¼ü the cell phone is ringing Eôh-ˆÛ-¾G-º²Ûm-D-q¼-ÇKP-¾-D-q¼-ÇÀïz-HÛm-ºhÝG the cell phone reception is not always good ¾G-º²Ûm-D-q¼-HÛ-º‚ô¼-Gb!ôP-DP-hï-dG-q¼-»G-qô¤Û-ºhÝG the children went to hide since their father was about to arrive ‚ÛÅ-q-h!ï-±!!ôºÛ-w-Lm-º‚ô¼-Ç+zÅ-DôP-±ô-»ÛzÅ-hݺIô-ÅôP. but not locked) ÇKô-hï-¾-¸Ð-Mz-¤Û-ºhÝG the doors don't open until 10:00 am ÇS-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh10z¼-hÝ-ÇKô-xï-Mã-¤-¼ïhü the fire spread fast ¤ï-hï-¤HôGÅ-qô-I¤-ÅôP.ü the city workers come to pick up trash bags IôP-Eï¼-HÛ-¾Å-.ü the door is unlocked (it's just closed.-‚ïh-¤Dm-n¤Å-ˆÛÅ-Gh-ljÛG-DÞG-¤n¤Å-¾ïm-hÝ-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü the cost is 50 dollars per day ZÛm-¼ï-¾-JÀ-V-!Í-ÇKô¼-50¼ï-¼ïhü the dharma is gradually spreading to the west mP-VôÅ-¼Û¤-zŸÛm-mÝz-xôGÅ-M¾-Dz-ÅÞ-h¼-ºIôGÛm-ºhÝG the doctor advised you to rest Ǩm-qÅ-Eôh-¾-P¾-GÅô-Môz-GÅÞP.the campfire was still burning when I fell asleep P-GZÛh-hÝÅ-h-hÝP-Gݼ-mP-GÛ-¤ï-hï-ºz¼-HÛm-ºhÝG the car doesn't work (its not functioning.ü 91 .

the first 18 months I was lazy hP-qô-¹-z-18¼ÛP-P-Z-¼ï-Zô-¼ï¼-ŸÛG-»Ûm-ÅôP.-»G-qô-hïÅ-¤Þ-¤fÞh-hÝ-wm-fôGÅ-»ôP-GÛ-¼ïhü the handle (of the fridge) is broken. we must correct it P-±ôºÛ-.Ým-ÇÀôP-G®P-¤-¤Ûm-q¼-ÁïÅ-hÝÅ-hï-¾ïGÅzTôÅ-hGôÅü the monks will still be debating at noon IÔ-q-hï-±ôÅ-ZÛm-GÝP-h-hÝP-VôÅ-¯ôh-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü the neighbors might complain EÛ¤-¤±ïÅ-hï-±ô-ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ÆÛhü the next question is ºiÛ-z-XïÅ-¤-hïü 92 .ü the four thoughts that turn the mind are the foundation to higher practices the frog was jumping up and down ¿~¾-z-hï-»¼-¿kÛP-¤¼-¿kÛP-‚Å-ÅôP. so you must pull on the door to open it ºEG-ÇK¤-hïºÛ-¾ÞP-VG-ºhÝG-q¼-zdïm-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-!hïºÛÇKô-¾-z¸ÞP-mÅ-xï-hGôÅü the khampa fought bravely D¤-q-±ôÅ-„Àô-DôG-Vïm-qô-PP-ºfz-º²ÛP-‚Å-q-¼ïhü the letter will be in mail next week zhÝm-yG-XïÅ-¤¼-»Û-Gï-h!ï-zÇ+ݼ-HÛ-»Ûmü the meaning is not easy to understand mP-hôm-hï-Gô-Mã-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü the mere fact that you have called puzzles me Eôh-ˆÛÅ-zÁh-qÅ-mP-hôm-¤hô¼-zÇkÝÅ-hïÅ-PºÛ-¤Gô½‰ôG-bà-ºWâG the moment we see that our motivation is not pure.ü the good works we are doing now will still continue bringing benefit after we are gone P-±ôÅ-±¼-zºÛ-XïÅ-ÅÞ-»Pü P-±ôÅ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-qºÛ¾Å-.

-ºƒÛ-Mã-hï-¹-z-zŸÛ-qºÛ-z¼-hÝ-ºGôº²âGÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü the people new to the dharma will especially feel bored or frightened to hear about the hell realms mP-VôÅ-ˆÛ-ÇÀôz-¤-Gż-q-n¤Å-ˆÛÅ-Pm-ÅôP-GÛ-¾ôMãÅ-Gô-z¼-¤Û-hGº-z-º¤-»P-m-CG-GÛÛ-¼ïhü the plane has landed Gm¤-Iâ-hï-ż-ºzz-ÅôP.-¤Û-»G-GÛ the remaining food.the painting work for the monastery will not start until April hGôm-qºÛ-fP-. we either feed it to the birds or throw in the trash ¸Å-¿ËG-hï-‚-¾-¢Ûm-qº¤-»P-m-Gh-ljÛG-mP-G»ÞG the river was overflowing during the floods last year m-mP-Vß-¾ôG-Ç+zÅ-ÅÞ-MãG-Vß-hï-Vß-¼G-GÛ-ÇKPmÅ-ºxã¼-ÅôP.ü the procedure is to first examine the quality of the merchandise ºIô-ÇePÅ-»Ûm-m-fôG-hP-qô-±ôP-MãºÛ-ÇtäÅ-G-¾-z¿eMã-hï-¼ïhü the reason why I had to go that far to buy is because this was not available in stores nearby P-Å-fG-¼ÛP-qô¼-Zô-ºIô-zºÛ-Mã-¤±m-hï-Zï-ºI¤-HÛ±ôP-DP-n¤Å-ˆÛ-mP-¾-hï-º±ôP-Mã-¤ïh-GÛ the recording quality of this is not well ºhÛºÛ-O-wzÅ-ˆÛ-ÇtäÅ-.ü the police caught the thief Zïm-dôG-q-hï-±ôÅ-@Ým-¤-hï-z¸ÞP-ÅôP. but then it will get easier hP-qô-zOÛG-¾¤-hï-±ô-¤Û-Gô-Mã-ºi-zô-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-hï-mÅ-¾Å-ÇÀ-zô-‚ãP-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïhü the school is just around the corner 93 .ü the roads get really muddy when it rains V¼-z-ºzz-hÝÅ-¾¤-D-hï-±ô-Pô-¤-ºh¤-zG-GÛ-GP-ºIô-GÛ¼ïhü the rules will seem complicated at the beginning.

ü the sun is covered by the clouds ZÛ-¤-vÛm-qÅ-zOÛzÅ-ÅôP.ü the six realms of existence have to do with the six afflictive emotions the size of the stomach of the preta indicates that even if one had all the possessions in the world.ÇÀôz-IÔ-hï-¾¤-¸Þ¼-bG-bG-m-»ôhü the shrine room is in the basement.ü the tea is boiling W-Dô¾-HÛm-ºhÝG the tea overflowed W-ºxÛ¼-ÅôP.ü the sun shined brightly ZÛ-¤-»G-qô-Á¼-ÅôP. ¤Vôh-DP-hï-ºôG-DP-mP-¾-»ôhü the situation is that we’ve missed our flight GmÅ-±ß¾-hï-P-±ôÅ-Gm¤-IâºÛ-XïÅ-Vôh-¤-ÅôP. one would not be satisfied »Û-hG-¾-¤±ôm-m-DôP-±ô-¾-º²¤-zºÛ-JÀÛP-GÛ-Mãhï-»ôh-ˆP-DôP-±!ôÅ-»Ûh-±Û¤-Mã-¤-¼ïhü the sky is becoming dark Gm¤-Pô-ºfÛzÅ-ºIô-GÛm-ºhÝG the sufferings come about due to unvirtuous deeds ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-n¤Å-¤Û-hGï-zºÛ-¾ÞÅ-mÅ-‚ãP.ü the tree is blocking the sunlight 94 .ü the teachings are well advertised VôÅ-FÛh-n¤Å-Ez-zOGÅ-»G-qô-‚Å-ºhÝG the teachings last for a few days VôÅ-FÛh-!n¤Å-ZÛm-ºGº-¾-¤-GbôGÅ-¤ïh-GÛ the toothpicks are in this small bottle Åô-GÁP-n¤Å-h¤-zÞ-VßP-VßP-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-»ôhü the town is across the bridge IôP-q-hï-¸¤-qºÛ-ÇKP-¾-»ôh-GÛ the train has arrived ¤ï-ºDô¼-zÇÀïzÅ-ÅôP.

ÇkôP-qô-hïÅ-ZÛ-¤ºÛ-!ºôh-ºGôG-ºhÝG the Tsampa bag burst ¯¤-DÞG-hï-Gh-ÅôP.-GP-zô¼-¯Ó-¸-GÛ-¼ïhü then i asked if he knew that teacher PÅ-Dô-¾-w-GÛ-„À-¤-hï-ÁïÅ-º¤-¤Û-ÁïÅ-Ç+h-V-ŸÛG-iÛÅq-»Ûmü there are elephants in India M-G¼-¾-JÀP-Vïm-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü there are horses in Tibet 95 .ü the yaks just wander anywhere they want G»G-±ô-DôP-±ôºÛ-ºhôh-q-¿k¼-GP-ż-ºE¤-ºIô-GÛ¼ïhü the yaks will graze all summer G»G-±ô-G»¼-.ü the turtle comes to the surface only once a year ¼ÞÅ-Ç~¾-hï-¾ô-GTÛG-mP-¾-fïPÅ-GTÛG-Dô-m-»¼ºzÞh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü the use of computers is gradually spreading to the villages JÀôG->Àh-zïh-uôh-GbôP-Mã-hï-¼Û¤-zŸÛm-IôP-GÅïzDG-¾-EzÅ-ºIô-GÛm-ºhÝG the water has yet to get hot h-hÝP-Vß-hï-iôm-(±)-qô-‚ïh-hGôÅü the way she drives is scary Dô-¤ôÅ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-GbôP-ÇePÅ-hï-CG-¤ô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü the weather is becoming (getting) hotter and hotter Gm¤-GÁ!ÛÅ-iô-¼Þ-ºIô-GÛm-ºhÝG the weather isn't really hot Pô-¤-±-z-¤ïh-GÛ (Gm¤-GÁïÅ-Pô-¤-¤Û-±-GÛ) the weeds have spread all over ¯Ó-Pm-hï-±ô-GP-ż-I¤-ºIô-ÅôP.ü the words of enlightened beings are profound h¤-q-n¤Å-ˆÛ-GÅÞP-mÛ-zŤ-HÛ-¤Û-Ez-q-¼ïhü the yaks got startled by the flash light G»G-n¤Å-JÀôG-h¤¼-H!ÛÅ-h=ôGÅ-ÅôP.

-¤Dm-hï-±ô-¾-ºIm-zÇkݼ¤P-qô-»ôh-GÛ there is a possibility he won't come.-GZÛÅ-»ôh-GÛ there are very few places where people don’t speak any english h‚Ûm-Ç+h-zÁh-¤Û-ÁïÅ-źÛ-Å-V-È-TP-ZÝP-ZÝP-¼ïhü there has to be at least six digits in the password GÅP-±ÛG-¾-ZÝP-¤f¼-»P-ÍP-GÝ-(±ÛG-ºƒâ)-iâG-hGôňÛ-¼ïhü there is a bird flying in the sky ‚-ŸÛG-m¤-¤Dº-¾-ºwÞ¼-zŸÛm-ºhÝG there is a lot of competition for talented workers ¼ÛGÅ-Çeôz-Tm-HÛ-¾Å-. depending on whether his car is fixed or not 96 .-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-¾Å-Mã-»ôhü there are no snakes in our pot P-±ôºÛ-hï¤-mP-¾-£æ¾-»ôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü there are not many volunteers ºhÛ¼-hP-„ÀP-¤Dm-¤P-qô-¤ïh-GÛ there are other ways to do this ºhÛ-‚ïh-q¼-¾¤-D-GŸm-»ôh-!ˆÛ-¼ïhü there are people with that skill but they are not volunteering ¾G-¯¾-hï-»ôhqºÛ-¤Û-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-Dô-±ôÅhP-„ÀP-‚ïh-mÅ-¾Å-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü there are probably some over here hï¼-w¾-Vï¼-ºGº-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü there are rules for playing this game ¯ïh-¤ô-ºhÛ-¯ï-z-¾-OÛG-¾¤-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü there are three reasons for generating devotion to the guru „À-¤-dïm-q¼-Mã-¤±m-GÅÞ¤-»ôhü there are two options ºhÛ-m-ºhï¤Å-.zôh-¾-d-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü there are many small things to buy zTº-¾G-VßP-VßP-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-ZôÅ-hGôÅü there are many things left to do before leaving ¤-ºIô-ÇSôm-¾-¾Å-.

-zGôÅ-Mã-ŸÛG-¤ïh-GÛ 97 . the cost is high. and sometimes to travel a far distance.Dô-ºôP-¤Û-ºôP-hï-Dô-¼ÛP-GÛ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-»P-¾Å-fÞz¤Û-fÞz-¾-¼ïG-¾Å-»ôh-qÅ-¤Û-ºôP-m-fP-GÛ there is a storm coming ¿ËGÅ-½ÀâP-iG-qô-ŸÛG-ºôP-GÛm-»ôhü there is another one like this hï¼-ºhÛ-ºi-GŸm-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ there is danger of dying ºVÛ-MãºÛ-Zïm-D-»ôh-GÛ there is much oil buried under the desert sands xï-fP-ºôG-¾-Çoݤ-¤P-qô-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü there is no logic to airline ticket pricing – sometimes to travel a short distance. the price is small Gm¤-IâºÛ-JÀ-V-¾-PÅ-Gbm-ŸÛG-¤ïh-GÛ ¤±¤Å-¼ï¼-ÅfG-fÞP-PÞ¼-JÀ-V-¤fôm-qô-¼ïh-¤±¤Å-¼ï¼-Å-fG-¼ÛPqô¼-JÀ-V-h¤º-¤ô-¼ïhü there is no rabbit in my house PºÛ-DP-zºÛ-mP-¾-¼!Û-zôP-¤ïhü there is nothing else to do but find a way out ºhÛ-m-¾¤-D-ŸÛG-z±¾-Mã-¤-GbôGÅ-GŸm-GP-»P-‚ïhMã-¤ïh-GÛ there is nothing to dislike about this job ¾Å-.-ºhÛ-¾-¤Û-hGº-Å-GTÛG-ˆP-¤ïh-GÛ there is one new student ºhÛ-m-ÇÀôz-¤-Gż-q-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ there is room (empty space) in this closet to put your things V-ÇK¤-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-Eôh-ˆÛ-zTº-¾G-n¤Å-ºWôG-ÅÇeôP-q-ŸÛG-ºhÝG there is so much dust! f¾-lݾ-¤P-q!ô-»!ôh-GÛ there is something wrong with the computer JÀôG->Àh-¾-TÛG-‚ãP-ºhÝG there isn’t enough sharing of work ºhÛ-m-¾Å-.

-¼ïhü these are called momos. but we call them dumplings over here ºhÛ-±ôºÛ-¤ÛP-¾-¤ô-¤ô-¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-P-±ôźhÛ¼-dumplings ¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü these are different hï-±ô-¤Û-ºi-z-¼ïhü these are for us hï-±ô-P-±ô-¾-¼ïhü these are fortunate circumstances ºhÛ-±ô-GmÅ-ÇeïP-»G-qô-¼ïhü these are fruits ºhÛ-±ô-Á!ÛP-bôG-¼ïhü 98 .they are the same ºhÛ-GZÛÅ-z¼-¾-Eh-q¼-¤ïh-GÛ-ºhÛ-GZÛÅ-GTÛG-q¼ïh-ºhÝG these are all the options ºhÛ-±ô-±P-¤-ºhï¤Å-.-GŸm-¤ïh-GÛ there will be other students coming tomorrow ÅP-ZÛm-!ÇÀôz-¤-GŸm-q-hG-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü there's no difference between the two .ü there was no other option for me P-¾-ºhï¤Å-.there isn't much honey left in this bottle (it's almost over) Áï¾-h¤-ºh!ÛºÛ-mP-¾-£P-¯Û-¤P-qô-¿ËG-¤ïh-GÛ there it is! hï-ºhÛ-¼ïhü there needs to be a plan for rebuilding the monastery hGôm-q-zB¼-GÅô-‚ïh-q-¾-ºV¼-GŸÛ-ŸÛG-hGôÅ-GÛ there used to be a huge prayer wheel here ÇSôm-¤¼-hï-m-È-TP-GÛ-hÝP-ºDô¼-Vïm-q-ŸÛG-»ôhÅôP there was a chance the sickness would spread in the whole world mh-hï-º²¤-JÀÛP-GP-ż-Ez-ºIô-ÆÛhü there was much damage because of the strong winds ½ÀâP-Vïm-hïºÛ-Aïm-HÛ-Gmôh-Bôm-¤P-q!ô-fïzÅ-ÅôP.

they include different teachers and teachings ºhÛ-±ô-PÅ-¾ô-¤P-qô-¼P-zÇkÝ-zºÛ-¸Ûm-ƒÛÅ-¼ïhü ºhÛ-±ô-mP-¾-„À-¤-ºi-¤Ûm-HÛ-VôÅ-FÛh-»ôhü these are not for you ºhÛ-±ô-Eôh-¾-¤-¼ïhü these are not ours ºhÛ-±ô-P-±ôºÛ-¤-¼ïhü these are only some of the options ºhÛ-±ô-ºhï¤Å-.these are my notes collected over many years.-ºGº-¼ïhü these are papers for burning ÁôG-zÞ-ºhÛ-±ô-ÆïG-HÛ-¼ïhü these are some examples ºhÛ-±ô-hqï-zXôh-ºGº-¼ïhü these are the bank-statements ºhÛ-±ô-hPÞ¾-DP-GÛ-Gž-zÁh-¼ïhü these are the malas to be blessed yïP-z-ºhÛ-±ô-¾-¼z-GmÅ-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü these candles will still be burning in the morning »P-¾Ð-ºhÛ-n¤Å-ŸôGÅ-q¼-h-hÝP-ºz¼-ºhÝG-HÛ-¼ïhü these children have redder cheeks ‚ÛÅ-q-ºhÛ-±ô-¾-¤DÞ¼-±!ô-h¤¼-q-!ô»ôh-GÛ these did not stick together ºhÛ-±ô-¤Z¤-hÝ-¤!Û-¢¼-GÛ these have spoiled so I will throw them away ºhÛ-±ô-¼Þ¾-±¼-ºhÝG-hï¼-zdïm-PÅ-hï-±ô-¤¼-G»ÞG these papers will be burned ÁôG-zÞ-ºhÛ-n¤Å-¤ï-¾-ÆïG-Mã-»Ûmü these trees grow very tall ÁÛP-ÇkôP-ºhÛ-±ô-È-TP-¼ÛP-qô-BïÅ-ºhÝG they are busy DôP-±!ô¼-ƒï¾-¾-»ôh-GÛ they are confused Dô-±ôÅ-È-Gô-GÛ-¤ïh-GÛü 99 .

but not exactly same hï-±ô-ºi-zô-ºhÝG-»Ûm-»P.GTÛG-q-bG-bG-¤-¼ïhü they are talking downstairs Dô-±ôÅ-DP-ºôG-¾-D-zl-zÁh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG they are the same Dô-±ô-GTÛG-q-¼ïhü they are thinking what to do next 100 .they are divorced Dô-±ôÅ-G¸º-ºfô¼-‚Å-±¼-»ôhü they are expecting their first child in february DôP-±ô-‚ÛÅ-q-hP-qô-hï-¹-z-hP-qô-mP-z®º-zºÛ-¼ïzÇKÝG-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG they are inviting you from february 19 to march 3 DôP-±ôÅ-Eïh-¼P-¹-z-GZÛÅ-qºÛ-±ïÅ-19mÅ-¹-z-GÅÞ¤qºÛ-±ïÅ3z¼-hÝ-Ghm-ºiïm-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG they are inviting you to visit their center E!ôh-¼P-Dô-±ôºÛ-VôÅ-±ôGÅ-mP-G¸ÞGÅ-Ç+ô¼-¾Ghm-ºiïm-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG they are nomads Dô-±ô-ºƒôG-q-¼ïhü they are not able to stay very long Dô-±ô-»Þm-¼ÛP-¾-zÇkh-fÞz-Mã-¤-¼ïhü they are not coming this evening Dô-±ô-hï-¼P-xÛ-iô-¾-ºôP-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü they are not far Dô-±ô-¾-MP-fG-¼ÛP-GÛ-¤-¼ïh they are probably renting it Dô-±ôÅ-w¾-Vï¼-hï-JÀ-GÛ-¼ïhü they are requesting a short talk Dô-±ôÅ-D-zl-fÞP-fÞP-ŸÛG-zÁh-ˆÛ-¼ïh-ºhÝm-ŸÝ-zŸÛmºhÝG they are requesting teachings Dô-±ôÅ-VôÅ-FÛh-Vïh-¼ï-!!ºhÝm-ŸÝ-zŸÛm-ºhÝG they are similar.

Dô-±ôÅ-XïÅ-¤¼-TÛ-‚ïh-hGôÅ-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-GÛmºhÝG they are waiting for you Dô-±ôÅ-E!ôh-zÇKÝG-ºhÝG they blame me Dô-±ôÅ-Eôh-¾-Bôm-º²âGÅ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-ºhÝG they complain a lot about many things Dô-±ôÅ-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-¾-ºDP-¼-‚ïh-ˆÛ-ºhÝG they did not visit Dô-±ô-z¿e-Ç+ô¼-¾-ºôP-¤-ÅôP.ü they leave at noon Dô-±ô-ZÛm-GôP-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïh they left a message for you Dô-±ôÅ-Eôh-¾-Ç+h-ŸÛG-zŸG-ÅôP.ü they discussed for 2 hours Dô-±ôÅ-Vß-±ôh-2¼ÛP-¾-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-‚Å-ÅôP.ü they might attend Dô-±ô-ŸÝGÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü they phoned me 101 .ü they do not have any time this month ¹-z-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-Dô-±ô-¾-hÝÅ-±ôh-¤ïh-GÛ they don't have it either Dô-±ô-¾-»P-hï-¤ïh-GÛ they get up and prostrate very early in the morning Dô-±ôÅ-È-TP-GÛ-ŸôGÅ-q-ÇS-zô-»¼-¾P-mÅ-xG-º±¾ˆÛ-¼ïhü they have a daughter Dô-±ô-¾-zÞ-¤ô-!ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ they have not finished arguing Dô-±ôÅ-¯ôh-½‰ôG-hï-±¼-¤Û-ºhÝG they helped Dô-±ôÅ-¼ôGÅ-q-‚Å-ÅôP they just went Dô-±ôÅ-h-h-ºIô-ÅôP.

ü they will be arrived by then hÝÅ-±ôh-hïºÛ-ÇSôm-¾-Dô-±ô-º‚ô¼-±¼-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü they will be arriving in a few hours Vß-±ôh-ºGºÛ-mP-¾-Dô-±ô-º‚ô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü they will come tomorrow Dô-±ô-ÅP-ZÛm-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü they will give money for singing Dô-±ôÅ-GŸÅ-GbôP-JÀ-hPÞ¾-v!ôh-Mã-¼ïhü they will meet you in the baggage claim area Dô-±ô-Eïh-¾-zTº-¾G-±P-vôh-‚ïh-Å-mÅ-fÞG-Mã-¼ïhü they will not be able to stay long even if they come Dô-±ô-ºôP-»P-»Þm-¼ÛP-¾-Çkôh-fÞz-HÛ-¤-¼ïhü they will not loan Dô-±ôÅ-hPÞ¾-G»¼-HÛ-¤-¼ïhü they will not read these books Dô-±ôÅ-hïz-ºhÛ-±ô->À!ôG-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü 102 .ü they were on vacation last week Dô-±ô-¾-zhÝm-yG-ÇSôm-¤¼-GÝP-GÅïP-»ôh-ÅôP.ü they said to me you agreed Dô-±ôÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¤ôÅ-ºfÞm-‚Å-ÅôP-¸ï¼ü they tried to fix the (broken) machine ºyâ¾-ºDô¼-VG-qô-hï-Dô-±ôÅ-zB¼-GÅô-‚ïh-ˆÛ-fzÅÁïÅ-GbôP-GÛm-ºhÝG they want to invite you Dô-±ôÅ-Eôh-Ghm-ºiïm-‚ïh-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ they want to meet you Dô-±ô-Eôh-¾-fÞG-zŤ-HÛ-»ôh-GÛ they went Dô-±ô-ºIô-ÅôP.ü they plan to hire him Dô-±ôÅ-Dô-JÀ-HÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-»ôh-GÛ they probably just decided Dô-±ôÅ-w¾-Vï¼-h-h-fG-GTôh-‚Å-ÅôP.Dô-±ôÅ-P-¾-D-q¼-zbP-ÅôP.

they will return (come back) in the evening Dô-±ô-xÛ-iô-¾-xÛ¼-ºôP-GÛ-¼ïhü they will sweep Dô-±ôÅ-ºxG-GÛ-¼ïhü they’ll only be able to decide after they reach here Dô-±ô-ºhÛ¼-ÇÀïz-qÅ-XïÅ-mÅ-fG-GTôh-fÞz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü think about the sufferings that exist in the other realms ºIô-D¤Å-GŸm-¾-»ôh-qºÛ-ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-¾-zŤ-„ÀôfôPÅü this bill is not right – this charge is probably a mistake ‚ãP-º²Ûm-hï-ºIÛG-¤ïh-GÛ w¾-Vï¼-JÀ-V-hï-¾-mô¼ºFâ¾-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ this book is not very useful hïz-ºhÛ-wm-fôGÅ-Vïm-q!ô-¤ïh-GÛ this book was written by Nyoshul Khenpo hïz-ºhÛ-½‰ô-ÁïÅ-¤Dm-qôÅ-ƒÛÅ-q-¼ïhü this bread is for the ducks to eat .ü this does not have any health benefits that I know of hï-PÅ-ÁïÅ-zhï-fP-¾-wm-fôGÅ-GP-»P-»ôh-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü this does not make any sense to me hï-P-¾-Gô-Mã-TÛ-»P-¤ïh-GÛ this does not stop ºhÛ-¤±¤Å-ºWôG-¤Û-ºhÝG this english word for this is called "spoon" ºhÛ-¾-h‚Ûm-Ç+h-ˆÛ-"spoon"¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü this instruction seems to contradict that instruction ¾¤-Çeôm-ºhÛ-¾¤-Çeôm-hï-hP-¤Û-¤±ßPÅ-GÛ-qü this is a book ºhÛ-hïz-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is a copy of the original 103 .ô-¼-ºhÛ-PP-z-n¤Å-¾-»Ûmü this did not turn on hï-ÇKô-‚ï-¤-ÅôP.

but it is a direct flight so you don’t have to change planes Gm¤-Iâ-ºhÛ-È-TP-ÇS-GÛ »Ûm-»P-hï-fh-G¼-hÝ-ºwÞ¼Mã-¼ïhü Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¾¤-mÅ-zXï-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü this is an emergency situation ºhÛ-²-iG-GÛ-GmÅ-±ß¾-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is bent ºhÛ-GÝG-GÝG-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is called a "table" ºhÛ-¾-"table"¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü this is crooked ºhÛ-ºEôG-ºhÝG (ºhÛ-iP-¤ô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü) this is damaged .ºhÛ-Pô-¤ºÛ-ºi-zÁÝÅ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü (ºhÛ-¤-GŸÛºÛ-ºi-zÁÝÅŸÛG-¼ïhü) this is a scratch piece of paper ºhÛ-ºƒÛ-ÁôG-¾P-¤-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is a sign of a very devoted student hï-ÇÀôz-¤-»P-hG-q-ŸÛG-GÛ-dG-¼ïhü this is a very special book hïz-ºhÛ-È-TP-GÛ-¤-ºi-z-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is a well-known prayer ºhÛ-‚Ûm-½ÀzÅ-Vï-zºÛ-Ÿ¾-ºhôm-ŸÛG-¼ïhü this is an early flight.I would like to exchange this for another one ºhÛ-VG-ºhÝG PÅ-ºhÛ-GŸm-ŸÛG-hP-zXï-zô-MG-hG!ôÅGÛ this is enough ºhÛºÛ-ºhP-ˆÛ-¼ïhü (ºhÛºÛ-ºhP-GÛ) this is exactly what I had in mind ºhÛ-P-¾-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-bG-bG-hï-¼ïhü this is for you ºhÛ-Eôh-¾-»Ûmü this is free ºhÛ-¾-JÀ-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü this is my favorite book 104 .

nor too new ºhÛ-È-TP-GÛ-½‰ÛP-z-»P-¤-¼ïh-È-TP-GÛ-Gż-q-»P¤-¼ïhü this is not big ºhÛ-Vïm-qô-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü this is not exactly what i wanted. and one item is missing ºhÛ-P-±ôºÛ-zTº-¾G-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-GTÛG-¤Û-±P-GÛ this is the best book I have bought PÅ-ZôÅ-MãºÛ-hïz-ºhÛ-»G-ÁôÅ-¼ïhü this is the book for writing ºhÛ-ºƒÛ-hïz-¼ïhü this is the key to the front door ºhÛ-¤hÝm-ÇKôºÛ-¿kï-¤ÛG-¼ïhü this is the money for buying food ÇKô¼-¤ô-ºhÛ-¸-¤-Zô-‚ïh-¼ïhü this is the receipt ºhÛ-‚ãP-º²Ûm-¼ïhü this is the ritual to guide those who have died ºhÛ-Áô-zôºÛ-¾¤-Çeôm-HÛ-ºhôm-q-¼ïhü this is the text that she sent us 105 .P-hGº-źÛ-hïz-hï-ºh!Û-¼ïhü this is neither too old. but i like it any way ºhÛ-P-¾-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-bG-bG-Çeï-¤-¼ïh-»Ûm-»P-GP-¿e¼hï-ºIÛG-GÛ this is not for him/her hï-Dô-¾º¤-Dô-¤ô-¾-¤-¼ïhü this is not spinning ºhÛ-¤Û-ºDô¼-GÛ this is not the time to be lazy h-Z¾-mÅ-ºhÝG-±ôh-¤-¼ïhü this is not very helpful ºhÛ-wm-fôGÅ-Vïm-qô-¤-¼ïhü this is one of my favorite books hïz-ºhÛ-P-hGº-źÛ-hïz-n¤Å-ˆÛ-mP-mÅ-GTÛG-¼ïhü this is our luggage.

what kind is it? ÁP-bôG-Í-§-ºhÛ-ŸÛ¤-GÛ this medicine will make you drowsy Ǩm-ºhÛÅ-Eôh-¾-GZÛh-wz-HÛ-¼ïhü this monastery was built during the 12th century ºGôm-q-ºhÛ-hÝÅ-¼z-zTß-GZÛÅ-qºÛ-mP-¾-zŸïPÅ-q¼ïhü this screw needs to be tightened GTßÅ-G¸ï¼-ºhÛ-zÇk¤-hGôÅ-GÛ this smells ºhÛ-¾-iÛ-¤-ƒô-GÛ this thermos is full of tea ±-hï¤-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-W-GP-»ôh-GÛü this time is very precious hÝÅ-±ôh-ºhÛ-È-TP-GÛ-¯-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü this will take a long time to dry 106 .hqï-V-ºhÛ-Dô-¤ôÅ-P-±ô-¾-zÇ+ݼ-mÛ-¼ïhü this is the trash bag.-¤ï-‚ïh-GÛ) this mail was accidentally delivered to the wrong address »Û-Gï-ºhÛ-D-‚P-mô¼-zºÛ-ÇeïP-¾-vh-ºhÝG this mango tastes good . and that is the recycle bag ºhÛ-¤¼-G»ÞG-HÛ-Gh-ljÛGÅ-„ÀâG-źÛ-DÞ¤-¤-¼ïhü ºhÛ-zB¼-uôh-fÞz-qºÛ-Gh-ljÛGÅ-„ÀâG-źÛ-DÞ¤-¤¼ïhü this is the wrong size ºhÛ-Vï-VßP-ºIÛG-¤ïh-GÛ this is too heavy to pick up ºhÛ-»¼-ºhïGÅ-q-¾-¿YÛ-iG-ºhÝG this is turning ºhÛ-ºDô¼-HÛm-ºhÝG this is very pure ºhÛ-È-TP-GÛ-bG-¤-¼ïhü this lamp does not work ¤Vôh-¤ï-ºhÛ-¾-TÛG-‚ãP-»ôh-GÛ (¤Vôh-¤ï-ºhÛžÅ-.

-h.ºhÛ-Ç+¤-!Mã-¾-hÝÅ-±ôh-ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü this will take a long time to finish ºhÛ-±¼-Mã-¾-»Þm-¼ÛP-ŸÛG-ºGô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü those are for him hï-±ô-Dô-¾-¼ïhü those are his keys hï-±ô-DôºÛ-¿kï-¤ÛG-¼ïhü those are not for us hï-±ô-P-±ô-¾-¤-¼ïhü those are not yours hï-±ô-Eïh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü those will be good gifts to give to students hï-±ô-ÇÀôz-¤-±ô-¾-vh-ˆÛÛ-¾G-dG-»G-qô-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü those yaks survived the winter G»G-hï-±ô-hGÝm-D-¾-ÁÛ-¤-ÅôP. twist this to the left ºhÛºÛ-D-xï-z-¾-hï-G»ôm-hÝ-GTßÅü 107 .-¤P-qô-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü to be able to memorize so much is incredible „Àô-¾-¤P-qô-º²Ûm-fÞz-q-hï-»-¤±m-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü to circumambulate means to go around the stupa Ç+ô¼-z-zÇ+ô¼-zºÛ-hôm-mÛ-¤Vôh-dïm-¾-zÇ+ô¼-zMG-q-hï-¼ïhü to establish dharma in America is a very big task Í-¼ÛºÛ-mP-¾-mP-VôÅ-Çtï¾-z-hï-È-TP-GÛ-¾Å-.º-¤ô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü to open this.ü three minus two is one GÅÞ¤-mP-mÅ-GZÛÅ-ºfïm-m-GTÛG-¿ËG-GÛ-¼ïhü time is very limited and precious. but there is also a lot of work to do hÝÅ-±ôh-mÛ-±h-º²Ûm-»ôh-q-hP-¯-Vïm-qô-¼ïhü »Ûm-»P-¾Å-.-Vïmqô-ŸÛG-¼ïhü to manage a center is a tough job VôÅ-±ôGÅ-º²Ûm-BôP-‚ïh-ˆÛ-hï-¾Å-.

-¾-ºIô-GÛ-¤Ûmü tomorrow is your last day teaching here ÅP-ZÛm-Eïh-ˆÛÅ-ºhݼ-VôÅ-GÅÞP-zºÛ-ZÛm-f-¤-hï¼ïhü tonight it will definitely rain hô-hGÝP-Pô-¤-V¼-ºzz-HÛ-¼ïhü turn on the fan.to start it. we must push this button two times hï-ºGô-º²âGÅ-q-¾-P-±ôÅ-fïz-Gmôm-hï-fïPÅ-GZÛÅ-¾Gmôm-hGôÅü (hï-zïh-uôh-‚ïh-q-¾-P-±ôÅ-fïz-Gmôm-hïfïPÅ-GZÛÅ-¾-Gmôm-hGôÅü) to think about these things makes me depressed ºhÛ-±ô-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-zÅ-PºÛ-Åï¤Å-q-ÇkÝG-bàzTßG to yawn in front of the teacher or to extend legs towards the teacher is not respectful „À-¤ºÛ-¤hÝm-mÅ-JÀ¾-zMP-‚ïh-qº¤-@P-q-AP-q-ÅôGÅmÛ-¤-GÝÅ-q-»Ûmü today I am really bored hï-¼ÛP-P-Pô-¤-»Ûh-ÅÞm-GÛ (P-hï-¼ÛP-Pô-¤-¤Û-BÛhGÛ) today I won't be able to come in time to cook hï-¼ÛP-P-hÝÅ-±ôh-bG-bG-fôG-¸-¤-z¸ô-GÛ-»ôP-fÞz-ˆÛ¤-¼ïhü today someone is sponsoring the reading of scriptures hï-¼ÛP-¤Û-ŸÛG-G!ÛÅ-hqï-V-(»ÛG-±¼)-ºhôm-q¾-»ôm-zhG-‚ïh-ˆÛm-ºhÝG tomorrow I will not go to work ÅP-ZÛm-P-¾Å-. please ½ÀâP-ºDô¼-hï-zÇ+ô¼-¼ôGÅü turn this to make the water flow Vß-zŸÝ¼-z-¾-ºhÛ-GTßÅü two cars crashed ½ÀP-ºDô¼-GZÛÅ-GhôP-fÞG-zMG-ºhÝG 108 .

understand what the disease is. and what the prescription is mh-hP-mh-dG-Ǩm-fô-n¤Å-GP-»Ûm-È-Gô-GÛ-VßGÅü use a small piece of wood to create a support for this hï-zdïm-‚ïh-¾-ÁP-hݤ-zÞ-ŸÛG-zïh-uôh-‚ôÅü usually I have difficulty getting up early m¤-Mãm-P-mP-ÇS-»¼-¾-¾P-fÞz-mÛ-¤-¼ïhü vacation will last about fourty or so days GÝP-GÅïP-hï-w¾-Vï¼-ZÛm-zŸÛ-zTß-¿ËG-¾-»ôh-ˆÛ¼ïhü vaccinations help prevent infections ºGôG-Ǩm-HÛÅ-ºGô-mh-ºGôG-fÞzü vajrayana is for practitioners with a very special kind of ability lô-Xï-fïG-q-mÛ-h¤ÛGÅ-zž-ˆÛ-mÝÅ-q-»ôh-qºÛ-Z¤Å¾ïm-¤Dm-±ô-¾-¼ïhü very good È-TP-z¸P-GÛ (È-TP-»G-GÛ) was it dangerous? hï-Zïm-D-»ôh-Íï-ÅôPü was it enough money to buy? ÇKô¼-¤ô-hïºÛ-ZôÅ-‚ïh-Íï-ºhP-GÛ was the fact of our meeting a coincidence or not? P-±ôºÛ-±ôGÅ-ºhÝ-hï-¤-zOÛGÅ-¿Ëàm-Iâz-ŸÛG-‚ãP-ÅôPP¤-¤-ÅôP.ü was the sun not shining bright this morning? hï-¼ÛP-ŸôGÅ-q¼-ZÛ-¤-Vïm-qô-iô-¤-ÅôP-P¤ü we agreed P-±ôÅ-¤ôÅ-¤fÞm-‚Å-ÅôP.ü we are about to reach there P-±ô-hï-¾-ÇÀïz-¾-Dh-»ôhü we are almost out of butter P-±ô-¾-¤¼-w¾-Vï¼-¸h-ÅôP.ü 109 .ü we all wanted to call you P-±ô-±P-¤Å-Eïh-¾-D-q¼-GbôP-zÎŤ-ÅôP. what the symptoms are.

º-DG-ºhÛ-G-ºi-Åï¾-hGôÅ-q¼-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-‚ïhˆÛm-»ôhü we are going P-±ô-ºIô-GÛ-»ôhü we are going on a pilgrimage P-±ô-GmÅ-Ç+ô¼-¾-ºIô-GÛ-»ôhü we are holding a meeting P-±ôÅ-±ôGÅ-ºhÝ-ŸÛG-º±ôGÅ-zŸÛm-»ôhü we are in the middle of a meeting P-±ôÅ-±ôGÅ-ºhÝ-º±ôGÅ-zŸÛm-qºÛ-ÇKP-»Ûmü we are meeting them at the restaurant P-±ô-DôP-±ô-¾-¸-DP-hïºÛ-mP-¾-fÞG-GÛ-»Ûmü we are not related P-±ô-hP-ºƒï¾-z-¤ïhü we are not remembering P-±ôÅ-¤Û-im-GÛ we are preparing for tomorrow's meeting P-±ôÅ-ÅP-ZÛm-HÛ-±ôGÅ-ºhÝ-I-OÛG-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü we are ready to start P-±ôÅ-ºGô-º²âGÅ-q¼-I-OÛG-‚Å-±¼ü we are still discussing the issue – we haven’t decided Gmh-h!ôm-hï-P-±ôÅ-h-hÝP-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü hï-fG-GTôh-‚Å-±¼-¤ïhü we are students 110 .we are attached to the five sense objects P-±ô-±ô¼-z-¿SºÛ-hPôÅ-qô-¾-VGÅ-»ôhü we are blowing up balloons for the party P-±ôÅ-fÞGÅ-vôºÛ-Vïh-ÇKP-fÞG-¾-hzÞGÅ-MGGÛm-»ôhü we are collecting money for this project P-±ôÅ-¾Å-GŸÛÛ-ºhÛºÛ-Vïh-hPÞ¾-zÇkÝ-zŸÛm-»ôhü we are debating what to do P-±ôÅ-GP-‚ïh-hGôÅ-Ç+ô¼-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-‚ïh-ˆÛm-»ôhü we are discussing how to solve this problem P-±ôÅ-h.

-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü we beat a drum during this ceremony P-±ôÅ-hÝÅ-¤Vôh-ºhÛºÛ-Ç+zÅ-ÅÞ-Q-lÝP-q-»Ûmü we can chat after they have gone Dô-±ô-ºIô-±¼-hÝÅ-P-±ô-D-zl-‚ïh-VôG we can pay by credit card P-±ôÅ-hô¤-¾ïm-º²Ûm-‚P-ÇKP-mÅ-vh-m-VôG we can talk after you finish Eôh-ˆÛÅ-±¼-!hÝÅ-P-±ô-D-zl-‚ïhü we cannot decide what to do GP-‚ïh-hGôÅ-P-±ôÅ-fG-GTôh-¤Û-fÞz-GÛ we cannot use any type of “oatmeal” to make tormas “oatmeal” HÛ-¼ÛGÅ-GP-»Ûm-¼ÞP-Gbô¼-¤-zTº-‚ïh-¤Û¾ôü we cook P-±ôÅ-¸-¤-z¸ôü we did not agree P-±ôÅ-¤ôÅ-¤fÞm-‚Å-¤ïhü we did not take it P-±ôÅ-hï-Eï¼-¤ïhü we do not have any fruit juice left P-±ô-¾-Á!ÛP-bôG-GÛ-DÞ-z-GP-»P-¿ËG-¤Û-ºhÝG we don’t have any volunteers with that skill P-±ô-¾-¾G-¯¾-hï-»ôh-qÅ-hP-„ÀP-¤Dm-GTÛG-ˆP-¤ïhü we don’t have enough time to cook P-±ô-¾-¸-¤-z¸ô-zºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-¤ïh-GÛ we don’t know in advance exactly when Rinpoche is coming 111 .P-±ô-ÇÀôz-¤-»Ûmü we are supplicating you to come P-±ôÅ-Eïh-Ghm-ºiïm-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü we are trying hard but it’s not enough P-±ôÅ-Èà¼-z¯ôm-‚ïh-mÅ-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôP-GÛ-»ôhü »Ûm-»P-hï-®¤-HÛ-¤Û-fÞz-GÛü we are working P-±ôÅ-¾Å-.

ü we generate loving kindness and compassion to help dismantle the egocentric attitude P-±ôÅ-¼ÛP-ºhôh-ˆÛ-uôh-q-¤ïh-q¼-z¸ô-‚ïh-¾-‚¤Å-z¯ïhP-ljÛP-Xï-zBïh-hGôÅü we get a very short notice about when Rinpoche will come P-±ô-¾-¼Ûm-qô-Vï-m¤-wïzÅ-Ç+ô¼-¾-zl-fô-fÞP-fÞPŸÛG-!º‚ô¼ü we had a meeting before you came Eïh-¤-º‚ô¼-ÇSôm-¾-P-±ô-¾-±ôGÅ-ºhÝ-ŸÛG-»ôhÅôP.ü we had made this decision last year fG-GTôh-ºhÛ-P-±ôÅ-¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-mP-‚Å-q-¼ïhü we had not yet met at that time Ç+zÅ-hï¼-h-hÝP-P-±ô-fÞG-¤ïhü we had to cancel our plans 112 .¼Ûm-qô-Vï-m¤-wïzÅ-Mã-!»Ûm-P-±ôÅ-ÇSôm-¤-mÅbG-bG-ŸÛG-¤Û-ÁïÅü we don't do it like that P-±ôÅ-hï-hï-ºi-¤Û-‚ïhü we don't get along well P-±ô-È-TP-GÛ-ºV¤-q!ô-¤ïhü we don't hear the doorbell ring. especially if we are downstairs P-±ôÅ-ÇKôºÛ-WôP-zl-hï-¤Û-Gô-GÛ h¤ÛGÅ-zž-GÛ-P±ô-ºôG-DP-¾-»ôh-Ç+zÅü we don't meet very often P-±ô-dG-q¼-¤Û-fÞG we don't need to lie P-±ôÅ-µâm-zÁh-¤Û-hGôÅü we fold the blankets in the morning and put it in the closet P-±ôÅ-ŸôGÅ-q-Z¾-fÞ¾-n¤Å-¿kïz-¯ïG-‚ïh-mÅ-V-ÇK¤mP-¾-ºWôG-GÛ-¼ïhü we found a parking spot after some time Tß-®¤-XïÅ-mÅ-P-±ôÅ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-ºWôG-Å-ŸÛG-½ ‰ïh-ÅôP.

P-±ôºÛ-GV¼-GŸÛ-hï-xÛ¼-ºfïm-hGôÅ-ÅôP.ü we have opposite views on this issue Gmh-hôm-ºhÛºÛ-ÇKP-¾-P-±ôºÛ-zŤ-±ß¾-¤Û-GTÛGGÛ we have some ideas P-±ô-¾-zŤ-±ß¾-ºGº-»ôh-GÛ we have studied up to guru yoga P-±ôÅ-„À-¤ºÛ-n¾-º‚ô¼-z¼-hÝ-ÇÀôz-¢ôP-‚Å-»ôhü we have the responsibility P-±!ô-¾-¾Å-ºGm-h!ï-»ôhü we have to apply for an id card P-±ôÅ-fôz-fP-¾G-Eï¼-Vïh-!ljm-ŸÝ-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅü we have to fill this application P-±ôÅ-ljm-ŸÝ-ºƒÛ-ÁôG-hï-ºGïP-hGôÅü we have to follow rules P-±ôÅ-zOÛGÅ-FÛ¤Å-z¯Û-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü we have to go in the opposite direction P-±ô-¿kôG-xôGÅ-ÅÞ-ºIô-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü we have to make a plan P-±ôÅ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-ŸÛG-ºGôh-hGôÅü we have to pay a monthly subscription fee P-±ô-¹-¼ïºÛ-¤PGÅ-Zô-JÀ-V-vôh-hGôÅü we have to pay the translator P-±ô-Ç+h-Nå¼-¾-JÀ-V-vôh-hGôÅü we have to reflect on it 113 .ü we have a record of all the money that is received P-±ôÅ-¾-º‚ô¼-zºÛ-hPÞ¾-±P-¤ºÛ-»Û-Gï-(fô)-»ôhü we have a translator P-±ô-¾-Ç+h-Nå¼-ŸÛG-»ôhü we have few students P-±ô-¾-ÇÀôz-¤-ºGº-»ôhü we have gone over this many times already P-±ôÅ-ºhÛºÛ-ÇKP-¾-zŤ-„Àô-fïPÅ-¤P-qô-zbP-±¼ÅôP.

ü we must dedicate the merits P-±ôÅ-hGï-z-¾-ÁÝGÅ-MG-hGôÅü we need it within 30 days hï-P-±ô-¾-ZÛm-30mP-hGôÅü we need love and compassion from the very beginning until the very end of the path P-±ô-¾-z¯ï-z-hP-ljÛP-Xï-fôG-¤-mÅ-f-¤ºÛ-z¼hÝ-»ôh-hGôÅü we need more time to arrange your travel P-±ôÅ-Eôh-ˆÛ-ºIÛ¤-ºIâ¾-I-OÛG-‚ïh-q¼-hÝÅ-±ôh-TßP¼ÛP-q!ô-ŸÛG-hGôÅ-GÛ we need to be more careful P-±ôÅ-G¸z-G¸z-¤P-ŸÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅ-GÛ we need to buy a return ticket from here to Ganden and back P-±ôÅ-ºhÛ-mÅ-hGº-¿km-z¼-hÝ-xÛ¼-»ôP-º²Ûm-‚PŸÛG-ZôÅ-hGôÅü we need to discuss some issues P-±ôÅ-Gmh-hôm-ºGº-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-‚ïh-hGôÅü we need to have an appointment P-±ôÅ-fÞG-MãºÛ-D-Vh-TÛG-‚ïh-hGôÅü we need to hurry or we will be late P-±ôÅ-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-‚ïh-hGôÅ-¤-GbôGÅ-XïÅ-ÅÞ-¾ÞňÛ-¼ïhü 114 .P-±ôÅ-hï-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-hGôÅü we have to understand well the sufferings that exist in samsara P-±ôÅ-ºDô¼-zºÛ-ÇkÝG-zÇS¾-»G-qô-ŸÛG-ÁïÅ-hGôÅü we have yet to decide what to do P-±ôÅ-GP-‚ïh-h-hÝP-fG-GT!ôh-‚ïh-hGôÅü we hope you can come back P-±ô-¾-Eïh-xÛ¼-wïzÅ-fÞz-qºÛ-¼ïh-z-»ôhü we meet at 1 o'clock P-±ô-Vß-±ôh-1ÇeïP-¾-fÞG we met at the school P-±ô-ÇÀôz-IÔ-mÅ-fÞGÅ-ÅôP.

we need to listen carefully P-±ôÅ-G¸z-G¸z-‚Å-mÅ-Zm-hGôÅü we need to separate the black beads and the red beads P-±ôÅ-¤Û-bÛG-mG-qô-hP-h¤¼-qô-D-D-‚ïh-hGôÅü we now have access to Buddha’s teachings because of our accumulation of virtue in many former lives P-±ôºÛ-Bï-z-ÇSôm-¤¼-hGï-z-zOæzÅ-q¼-dïm-h-¿e-»PP-±ô-¾-ÅPÅ-MÅ-ˆÛ-VôÅ-n¤Å-zOæz-qºÛ-zÇ+¾-z-¿kmü we practice on the 15'th of each month P-±ôÅ-¹-z-¼ï-¼ïºÛ-±ïÅ-15ZÛm-Z¤Å-¾ïm-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü we practiced many of your instructions P-±ôÅ-Eïh-ˆÛ-ÇÀôz-Çeôm-(Gh¤-PG)-¤P-qô-ŸÛG-Z¤Å¾ïm-‚Å-ÅôP.ü we probably shouldn’t blame anybody else P-±ôÅ-w¾-Vï¼-GŸm-ÅÞ-¾-»P-Bôm-º²âGÅ-‚ïh-Zm-Mã¤-¼ïhü we really must stop now h-P-±ôÅ-Pô-¤-¤±¤Å-ºWôG we sent you a package P-±ôÅ-Eôh-¾-T-¾G-(lôG-OÛ¾)-ŸÛG-zÇ+ݼ-»ôhü we start at 2 o'clock P-±ôÅ-Vß-±ôh-2qºÛ-ÇeïP-¾-ºGô-º²âGÅü we take rebirth in samsara due to laziness P-±ô-¾ï-¾ô-hzP-GÛ-»P-zB¼-ºDô¼-z¼-Bï-Mã-¼ïhü we waited for you P-±ôÅ-Eôh-zÇKÝGÅ-ÅôP.ü we waited for you until three o'clock P-±ôÅ-Eïh-Vß-±ôh-3-z¼-hÝ-zÇKÝGÅü we want a private room P-±ô-¾-ÇKï¼-HÛ-DP-¤ÛG-ŸÛG-hGôÅü we want to discuss about this issue P-±ôÅ-Gmh-hôm-ºhÛºÛ-Ç+ô¼-IôÅ-zÇkݼ-ŸÛG-‚ïhzŤ-GÛ we want to know your opinion 115 .

ü we will get a reply in one or two months ¹-z-GTÛG-G¤-GZÛÅ-mP-¾-P-±ô-¾-¾m-º‚ô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü we will go P-±ô-ºIô-GÛ-»Ûmü we will have to wait for a few minutes P-±ôÅ-Ç+¼-¤-ºGº-¾-zÇKÝG-hGôÅü we will know in approximately one week P-±ô-È-¾¤-zhÝm-yG-GTÛG-mP-¾-ÁïÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü we will pass through (go through) Chengdu before reaching Dokho P-±ô-lô-Dô-¾-¤-º‚ô¼-GôP-FÛm-bàºÞ-zMãh-mÅ-ºIôMã-¼ïhü we will sell it hï-P-±ôÅ-z®ôP-Mã-»Ûmü we will send to you P-±ôÅ-Eïh-¾-zÇ+ݼ-»ôP.ü (P-±ô-±P-¤-Th-ÅôP.ü we will send you copies of this text after it is done hqï-V-ºhÛ-¾Å-±¼-hÝÅ-P-±ôÅ-Eôh-¾-hïºÛ-Pô-zÁÝÅŸÛG-zÇ+ݼü we will start a fire so the wild animals don’t come too close 116 .P-±ôÅ-Eïh-ˆÛ-zŤ-±ß¾-hï-ÁïÅ-m-zŤ-GÛ we were all tired P-±ô-±P-¤-¾-h.º-ÅôP.ü) we were still making Tormas when you called Eôh-ˆÛÅ-D-q¼-ÇÀïz-hÝÅ-P-±ôÅ-h-hÝP-Gbô¼-¤-z¸ôGÛ-»ôhü we will accept whatever you decide Eïh-ˆÛÅ-fG-GTôh-GP-‚ïh-m-P-±ôÅ-hïP-¾ïm-‚ïhü we will be late if we don’t leave soon P-±ôÅ-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-¤-ºIô-m-ºGô¼-ºIô-Mã-¼ïhü we will decide when the time comes Ç+zÅ-hï¼-fôm-m-P-±ôÅ-fG-GTôh-‚ïhü we will follow behind your car P-±ôÅ-Eôh-ˆÛ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-HÛ-XïÅ-ºhïh-mÅ-»ôP.

P-±ôÅ-¤ï-zÞÅ-hP-¼Û-BïÅ-ÆôG-VGÅ-n¤Å-(P-±ôºÛ)-Zïż-»ôP-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü (P-±ôÅ-¤ï-zÞÅ-hP-GTm-G¸m-n¤Å-Zï-ż-»ôP-GÛ-¤¼ïhü) we will start at 10:30 a.ü ¤-ÅôP-P¤ü were there any difficulties while coming here? ºhÛ¼-»ôP-Ç+zÅ-h. P-±ôÅ-ÇS-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-10ú30ÇeïP-ºGô-º²âGÅü we will start eating as soon as we finish cooking P-±ôÅ-¸-¤-z¸ô-±¼-z-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-¸-¤-¸ü we will stop here now and continue from here later h-P-±ôÅ-ºhÛ¼-¤±¤Å-zŸG TßP-®¤-XïÅ-mÅ-¤Û-¤fÞhhÝ-¤±¤Å-ºhÛ-mÅ-‚ïhü we will travel by car P-±ô-½ÀP-ºDô¼-mP-mÅ-ºIô we won't reach home until 7:00 pm P-±ô-xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-7-q¼-hÝ-º‚ô¼-HÛ-¤-¼ïhü we worried P-±ôÅ-Åï¤Å-DÞ¼-‚Å-ÅôP.ü we've got to get a bed and dresser for the bedroom 117 .won't we? P-±ô-hÝÅ-±ôh-bG-bG-ÇeïP-fôm-Å!ôP.º-DG-ºyh-Íï-ÅôP.m.ü we would like to make a recording before you leave Eôh-¤-ºIô-ÇSôm-¾-P-±ôÅ-fô-ºGôh-‚!ïh-zŤ-GÛ (Eôh-¤ºIô-ÇSôm-¾-P-±ôÅ-¯ÛÅ-MG-zŤ-GÛ) we’re about to arrive P-±ô-º‚ô¼-¾-Dh-»ôhü welcome! hGº-zÅÞ-ŸÝü we'll be on time .ü were they not sitting together? DôP-±ô-¤Z¤-qô¼-zÇkh-¤ïh-h¤ü were you sick? Eïh-m-Íï-ÅôP.

ü what color is your hat? Eôh-ˆÛ-ŸÐºÛ-D-¤hôG-TÛ-ŸÛG-»Ûmü what day is today? hï-¼ÛP-GÛ-ZÛ-¤-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what day is tomorrow? ÅP-ZÛm-HÛ-±ïÅ-IPÅ-TÛ-¼ïhü what day was yesterday? D-ÅP-GÛ-±ïÅ-IPÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what did he ask? DôÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-iÛÅ-ÅôP.-TÛ-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ what are the books? hïz-hï-±ô-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what are these? ºhÛ-±ô-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what are they doing? DôP-±ôÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-ºhÝG (DôP-±ôÅ-Vß-»ïh-.ü 118 .what about the monks who were debating? VôÅ-¯ôh-‚Å-qÅ-IÔ-z-hï-±ô-G-ºi-ºhÝG what alternatives do I have? P-¾-ºhï¤Å-.ô-GÛ) what are you doing? Eïh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü what are you thinking about? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-¾-zŤ-„Àô-GbôP-GÛm-»ôhü what beautiful trees these are! Íü W!!Û-!ºiºÛ-ÁÛP-ÇkôP-ºhÛ-n¤Å-»G-qô-ŸÛG-¼ïhºP.ü what did they say? Dô-±ôÅ-TÛ-zÁh-ÅôP.ü what did they ask? Dô-±ôÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-iÛÅ-ÅôP.-TÛ-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ what are the alternatives? ºhï¤Å-.ü what did the doctor say? Ǩm-qÅ-GP-GÅÞP-ÅôP.

ü what do nomadic families use dogs for? ºƒôG-q-±ôÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-GÛ-Vïh-hÝ-EÛ-GÅô-GÛ-»ôh-mÛ¼ïhü what do they sell? DôP-±ô-¾-TÛ-ŸÛG-º±ôP-Mã-ºhÝG what do you know about the tenth century? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hÝÅ-¼z-zTß-qºÛ-Ç+ô¼-¾-TÛ-ŸÛG-ÁïÅü what do you plan to do tomorrow? ÅP-ZÛm-Eôh-¾-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-»ôhü what do you recommend I do? PÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-m-hGº-GÛ what do you think .what did you ask him? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Dô-¾-TÛ-ŸÛG-iÛÅ-»Ûmü what did you decide? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-fG-GTôh-GP-‚Å-ÅôP.ü what did you say? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-zÁh-ÅôP.is that right? Eôh-ˆ!ÛÅ-TÛ-zŤ-GÛ hï-ºIÛG-Íï-»ôh-GÛ what do you think about this book? Eïh-ˆÛ-hïz-ºhÛºÛ-Ç+ô¼-¾-TÛ-zŤ-GÛ what do you want to be when you grow up? have you decided yet? Eôh-¼P-Vïm-q!ô-¾ôGÅ-hÝÅ-Eôh-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¾-hGºü Eôh-ˆÛ-h-hÝP-fG-GTôh-±¼-Íï-»ôhü what do you want? Eôh-¾-TÛ-ŸÛG-hGôÅü what does the dorjee and bell symbolize? lô¼-Xï-hP-i!Û¾-zÞºÛ-¤±ôm-‚ïh-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü 119 .ü what did you talk about? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-GÛ-Ç+ô¼-JÀïP-¤ô¾-‚Å-ÅôP.ü what did you learn this morning? h-mÛP-ŸôGÅ-q¼-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-¢PÅ-ÅôP.ü what did you like best about the movie? Eôh-VïÅ-hGº-źÛ-JÀôG-z½‰m-GP-»Ûm-ÅôP.

¼-ÇKô¤-MG-qºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-VïÅ-»G-qô-hï-m¤¼ïhü what is the check-out time? ¤Iôm-DP-mÅ-m¤-ºzÞh-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü what is the criteria? fG-GTôh-‚Å-ÇePÅ-hï-WÛ-¿e¼-¼ïhü what is the date today? 120 .-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôh-mÛ-¼ïhü what is his native language? Eôh-¼ÛP-ZÛh-ˆÛ-Ç+h-TÛ-¼ïhü (Eôh-¼ÛP-GÛ-w-Ç+hTÛ-¼ïhü) what is it you don't like about winter weather? Eôh-hGÝm-DºÛ-Gm¤-GÁÛÅ-¾-¤Û-hGº-Å-GP-¼ïhü what is on TV after this show? Çem-¤ô-ºhÛºÛ-XïÅ-mÅ-z½‰m-ºyÛm-ÇKP-¾-TÛŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ what is that called? hï-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü what is that? hï-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is the antidote to attachment? ºhôh-VGÅ-ºWô¤Å-‚ïh-ˆÛ-GZïm-q!ô-TÛ-¼ïhü what is the area of this property? Å-V-ºhÛºÛ-Å-GmÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is the best time in the day to meditate? ZÛm-h.ü what happens when someone is about to die? ¤Û-ŸÛG-ÁÛ-¾-Dh-»ôh-hÝÅ-TÛ-‚ãP-GÛ-¼ïhü what is he doing? DôÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-ºhÝG what is her job? Dô-¤ôÅ-¾Å-.what happened with you in the 1960s 1960mP-Eïh-¾-TÛ-‚ãP-z-¼ïhü what happened? TÛ-‚ãP-ÅôP.

hï-¼ÛP-GÛ-¹-±ïÅ-TÛ-¼ïhü what is the exchange rate for today? hï-¼ÛP-GÛ-hPÞ¾-HÛ-GôP-±h-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is the longest river in Tibet? zôh-mP-GÛ-Vß-zô-(G®P-qô)-¼ÛP-ÁôÅ-hï-GP-¼ïhü what is the matter with you? Eôh-¾-TÛ-‚ãP-ÅôP.ü what is the next flight to Nepal? z¾-»Þ¾-¾-ºIô-zºÛ-Gm¤-Iâ-XïÅ-¤-hï-GP-¼ïhü what is the opposite of this word? ±ÛG-ºhÛºÛ-¿kôG-¹-GP-¼ïhü what is the order of practice? Z¤Å-¾ïm-‚ïh-ÇePÅ-G-ºi-¼ïhü what is the price of that electric iron? JÀôG-GÛ-±-Gmôm-HÛ-GôP-±h-G-ºi-¼ïhü (JÀôG-GÛ±-Gmôm-¾-G-±ôh-¼ïhü) what is the temperature today? !hï-¼ÛP-GÛ-iô-IP-TÛ-ºi-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is the verb for this action called? ‚-z-ºhÛºÛ-‚-±ÛG-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü what is the way to do prostrations? xG-º±¾ÇePÅ-GP-ºi-¼ïhü what is the way to wear this robe? Hôm-q-ºhÛ-Gôm-ÇePÅ-GP-ºi-¼ïhü what is this monastic dance called? hGôm-q-ºhÛºÛ-ºV¤-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü what is this? hï-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is your name? Eôh-ˆÛ-¤ÛP-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼ü what is your address? Eôh-ˆÛ-D-‚P-TÛ-ŸÛG-¼ïhü what is your family name? E!ôh-ˆÛ-EÛ¤-±P-GÛ-¤ÛP-¤-TÛ-¸ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü 121 .

-GP-»Ûmü what is your friend doing? Eïh-ˆÛ-IôGÅ-qôÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-zŸÛm-»ôhü what is your friend's name? Eôh-ˆÛ-IôGÅ-qôºÛ-¤ÛP-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼ü what is your given name? Eïh-¾-w-¤Å-zbGÅ-qºÛ-¤ÛP-¾-TÛ-¸ï¼ü what is your nationality? are you Tibetan? Eôh-ˆÛ-¼ÛGÅ-GP-¼ïhü Eôh-zôh-q-Íï-»Ûmü what is your opinion about the train to Lhasa? ¿Ë-źÛ-¤ï-ºDô¼-¾-Eôh-ˆÛ-zŤ-±ß¾-GP-ºi-»ôh-GÛ what kind of breakfast did you have? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ŸôGÅ-¸Å-TÛ-ŸÛG-¸-GÛ-»ôhü what kind of climate do you have? is it mild? Eôh-±ô-¾-Gm¤-GÁÛÅ-G-ºi-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü Gm¤-GÁÛźW¤-qô-»ôh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü what kind of decisions can we not make? P-±ôÅ-fG-GTôh-GP-¤-‚Å-m-ºIÛG-GÛ-¼ïhü what kind of grades did you make in college? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¤fô-ÇÀôz-mP-¾-»ÛG-±h-¤fô-h¤m-GP-¾ômÅôP.ü what kind of work do you do? are you a salesman? Eôh-ˆÛ-¾Å-.what is your favorite food? Eôh-hGº-źÛ-¸-¤-GP-!»Ûmü what is your favorite pastime? Eôh-hGº-źÛ-z¼-GÅïP-¾Å-.-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü Eôh-º±ôP-¤Dm-Íï-»Ûmü what kinds of ingredients are in this food? ¸-¤-ºhÛºÛ-mP-¾-µÅ-ÇoºÛ-¼ÛGÅ-TÛ-ŸÛG-»ôh-GÛ what kinds of vegetables do you have? Eôh-¾-ÇSô-±¾-HÛ-¼ÛGÅ-GP-GP-»ôh-h¤ü what month is next month? ¹-z-XïÅ-¤-hï-¹-z-GP-¼ïhü what month is this? ¹-z-ºhÛ-GP-¼ïhü 122 .

what number should i dial to get the operator?
D-q¼-ºƒï¾-¤fÞh-¤Dm-¾-D-q¼-MG-m-D-q¼-ÍP-IPÅ-GPGmôm-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
what part of the world do you come from?
Eôh-¼P-M¾-Dz-GP-mÅ-»Ûmü
what point are you trying to make?
Eôh-ˆÛÅ-±ÛG-GÛ-¯-z-GP-zÁh-q¼-fzÅ-ÁïÅ-GbôPGÛm-»ôhü
what program did you watch on the television last night?
¤hP-hGôP-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-±m-q-GP-¾-JÀôG-z½‰m-ÇKP-¾z¿eÅ-q-!»Ûmü
what should I tell them
PÅ-DôP-±ô-¾-TÛ-zÁh-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü
what should we do now?
h-P-±ôÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü
what size shoes do you wear?
Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¿Ë¤-Vï-VßP-G-ºi-ŸÛG-Gôm-HÛ-¼ïhü
what time are you coming back?
Eôh-¼P-xÛ¼-¾-m¤-ºôP-GÛ-»Ûmü
what time did you get to work yesterday morning?
Eôh-¼P-D-ÅP-ŸôGÅ-q¼-m¤-±ôh-¾Å-;-‚ïh-ż-fômÅôP.ü
what time did you get up yesterday morning?
Eôh-¼P-D-ÅP-ŸôGÅ-q¼-m¤-±ôh-»¼-¾PÅ-q-»Ûmü
what time did you use to get up last year?
Eôh-¾ô-ÇSôm-¤¼-m¤-±ôh-»¼-¾PÅ-ˆÛ-»ôhü
what time do we leave?
m¤-±ôh-P-±ô-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïhü
(hÝÅ-±ôh-TÛºÛ-ÇeïP-P±ô-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïhü)
what time do you get up every day?
Eôh-¼P-ZÛm-dG-q¼-hÝÅ-±ôh-TÛºÛ-ÇeïP-»¼-¾PGÛ-»ôhü
what time does it get dark?
hÝÅ-±ôh-TÛºÛ-ÇeïP-¤Þm-¼Ûz-ˆÛ-¼ïhü

123

what time is it?
hÝÅ-±ôh-TÛ-¼ïhü Vß-±ôh-G-±ôh-¼ïhü
what time should we schedule the class to start?
P-±ôÅ-º²Ûm-IÔ-ºGô-º²âGÅ-qºÛ-hÝÅ-±ôh-m¤-‚ïh-hGôÅGÛ
what time will the class finish?
Vß-±ôh-TÛºÛ-ÇeïP-¾-º²Ûm-IÔ-±¼-Mã-¼ïhü
what was the weather like yesterday?
D-ÅP-Gm¤-GÁÛÅ-G-ºi-‚ãP-ÅôP.ü
what were you doing at about four o'clock yesterday afternoon?
D-ÅP-xÛ-iôºÛ-Vß-±ôh-zŸÛ-»Å-¤Å-¾-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-‚Åq-»Ûmü
what were you doing when i called you on the telephone?
PÅ-Eôh-¾-D-q¼-zbP-hÝÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-‚Å-ˆÛ-»ôhü
what will happen tomorrow?
ÅP-ZÛm-TÛ-‚ãP-Mã-¼ïhü
what will happen?
TÛ-‚ãP-GÛ-¼ïhü
what will she do after she gets there?
Dô-¤ô-ºhÛ¼-ÇÀïz-qºÛ-XïÅ-mÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
what will the weather be tomorrow?
ÅP-ZÛm-Gm¤-GÁÛÅ-G-ºi-»Ûm-HÛ-¼ïhü
what will you buy?
Eôh-ˆÛ-TÛ-Zô-Mã-»Ûmü
what will you cook?
Eôh-ˆÛ-¸-¤-TÛ-‚ïh-Mã-»Ûmü
what will you do then?
hï-mÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»Ûmü
what will you have for breakfast tomorrow morning?
ÅP-ZÛm-ŸôGÅ-¸Å-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-TÛ-¸-Mã-»Ûmü
what work do you do?
Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¾Å-;-TÛ-‚ïh-ˆÛ-»ôhü
what would you like to eat?
Eôh-ˆÛ-¸-¤-TÛ-ŸÛG-¸-zŤ-GÛ

124

what would you rather have done yesterday?
Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Pô-¤-D-ÅP-TÛ-‚Å-q-»Ûmü
when did you bring it?
hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-m¤-Eï¼-»ôP-ÅôP.ü
when do the doors close?
ÇKô-m¤-MG-GÛ-¼ïhü
when do the doors open?
ÇKô-m¤-xï-Mã-¼ïhü
when do we need to start?
m¤-±ôh-P-±ôÅ-ºG!ô-º²âGÅ-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
when I left you were still talking
P-ºIô-hÝÅ-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-h-hÝP-Ç+h-V-zÁh-zŸÛm-»ôh-ÅôP.ü
when I retire there will be bills to pay, but no income
PÅ-P¾-GÅô-MG-hÝÅ-JÀ-V-vôh-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
»Ûm-»P-»ôP-ÇKô-»ôh-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü
when I saw him, he was not finished talking with her
PÅ-Dô-¤fôP-hÝÅ-DôÅ-h-hÝP-¤ô-¾-Ç+h-V-zÁh-±¼-¤ÛºhÝG
when I was in India, I used to walk a lot.
P-M-G¼-¾-»ôh-hÝÅ-P-@P-fP-¾-¤P-qô-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïhü
when I was young, I used to run a lot
!P-‚ÛÅ-q-»Ûm-hÝÅ-P-¤P-qô-zMãGÅ-GÛ-¼ïhü
when is the announcement?
Gž-zOÛGÅ-hï-m¤-‚ïh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü
when listening to teachings, sit quietly in a state of mind that is
free from thoughts
VôÅ-Zm-hÝÅ-DÞ-ÅÞ¤-qô¼-zÇkh-mÅ-Åï¤Å-q-GŸm-¾¤Û-G»ïP-q¼-Åï¤Å-z¯ï-GTÛG-hÝ-GmÅ-hGôÅü
when should they come?
DôP-±ô-m¤-»ôP-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü
when should we plan to meet tomorrow?
ÅP-ZÛm-P-±ôÅ-m¤-±ôh-fÞG-MãºÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-‚ïhhGôÅü
when should we schedule it?

125

P-±ôÅ-hï-hÝÅ-±ôh-m¤-¾-z¸ô-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü when the teacher is satisfied.Ým-ºhÝÅ-ÅÞÇKô¤-hGôÅü when we were little. we will begin to receive other teachings „À-¤Å-»Ûh-±Û¤-hÝÅ-P-±ô-¾-VôÅ-FÛh-Gż-zºÛ-ºGôº²âGÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü when was the last time he wrote you? DôÅ-Eôh-¾-ºyÛm-»ÛG-XïÅ-¤-hï-zbP-hÝÅ-m¤-¼ïhü when we practice guru devotion. we visualize the teacher as having qualities of the three roots „À-¤-zdïm-hÝÅ-P-±ôÅ-„À-¤-¯-GÅÞ¤-.ü when were you born? Eôh-¼P-m¤-BïÅ-q-¼ïhü when will I recover from this illness? P-mh-ºhÛ-¾Å-m¤-iG-GÛ-¼ïhü when will we arrive? P-±ô-m¤-º‚ô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü when will we get it? P-±ôÅ-hï-m¤-¾ôm-HÛ-¼ïhü when will we stop? P-±ôÅ-m¤-¤±¤Å-ºWôG-Mã-¼ïhü when will you arrive? Eôh-¼P-m¤-º‚ô¼-HÛ-¼ïhü (Eôh-¼P-m¤-fôm-HÛ¼ïhü) when will you be done? Eôh-¼P-GÛ-m¤-±¼-Mã-¼ïhü when will you come? Eôh-¼P-m¤-»ôP-GÛ-»Ûmü when will you send it? Eôh-¼P-GÛ-hï-m¤-GbôP-GÛ-»Ûmü when you called me. we escaped over the mountains P-±ô-‚ÛÅ-q-»Ûm-hÝÅ-P-±ô-¼ÛºÛ-ÇKP-¾-ƒôÅ-ÅôP. I was still eating dinner 126 .

Eôh-¼P-GÛÅ-D-q¼-zbP-hÝÅ-h-hÝP-PÅ-hG!ôP-¸Å-¸zŸÛm-»ôhü when you go to bed. think about impermanence Eôh-¼P-Z¾-hÝ-ºIô-hÝÅ-¤Û-dG-q-¾-zŤ-„Àô-fôPÅü where are we? P-±ô-GP-hÝ-»ôh-mÛ-¼ïhü where are you from? Eôh-¼P-GP-mÅ-»Ûmü where are you going? Eôh-GP-¾-ºIôü where are you? Eôh-GP-m-»ôhü where are your pens? Eôh-ˆÛ-«åG-GÝ-n¤Å-GP-hÝ-»ôhü where can I buy the ticket for the bus to Lhasa? PÅ-¿Ë-ż-ºIô-zºÛ-ºIÛ¾-ºDô¼-º²Ûm-‚P-GP-m-ZôÅ-Mã¾ôm-HÛ-¼ïhü where can I plug in the TV? PÅ-z½‰m-ºyÛm-¾-JÀôG-GP-hÝ-º²ï¼-HÛ-¼ïhü where can we rent? PÅ-DP-z-GP-m-JÀ-Mã-¾ôm-HÛ-¼ïhü where did I put my keys? PÅ-¿kï-¤ÛG-hï-±ô-GP-¾-zŸG-ÅôP-P¤ü where did the accident happen? (hôm-Aïm)-½ÀP-ºDô¼-GhôP-fÞG-bï-GP-¾-zMz-ºhÝG where did you go yesterday? Eôh-¼P-D-ÅP-GP-¾-ÅôP-mÛ-»Ûmü where did you grow up? Eôh-¼P-GP-mÅ-¤±¼-¾ôPÅ-‚ãP-mÛ-¼ïhü where did you put it? hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-GP-¾-zŸG-»ôhü where do they stay? DôP-±ô-GP-¾-zÇkh-»ôh-GÛ where do you live? 127 .

Eôh-GP-m-zÇkh-»ôhü where is a hospital? Ǩm-DP-ŸÛG-GP-¾-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü where is it? hï-GP-¾-»ôh-GÛ where is the bathroom? G®P-uôh-(FâÅ-DP)-GP-¾-»ôh-GÛ where is the door? ÇKô-hï-GP-m-»ôh-GÛ where is the group of people I was with? P-hP-¤Z¤-qô¼-»ôh-qºÛ-¤Û-hï-±ô-GP-m-»ôh-GÛ where is there a restroom? ºhÛ-m-G®P-uôh-Íï-»ôh-GÛ where is there a tourist information office? ºhÛ-m-»Þ¾-Ç+ô¼-vô-ºV¤-qºÛ-Ç+h-V-ºiÛ-źÛ-¾ÅDÞP-»ôh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü where should I put this? ºhÛ-PÅ-GP-¾-ºWôG-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü where should I sit? P-GP-m-ºhÝG-hGôÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü P-GP-m-ºhÝG where were you born? Eôh-GP-mÅ-BïÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü where were you during june last year? ¾ô-ÇSôm-¤ºÛ-¹-iâG-qºÛ-mP-Eôh-¼P-GP-hÝ-»ôhü where were you on tuesday? Eôh-¼P-G¸º-¤ÛG-h¤¼-ZÛm-GP-¾-»ôhü where will you be next year at this time? ¾ô-XïÅ-¤ºÛ-h-Ç+zÅ-Eôh-GP-¾-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü where will you put it? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-GP-¾-ºWôG-Mã-»Ûmü whether it is cheaper to go to California from New York or from Washington depends on many things 128 .

mïºÛ-»ôG-IôP-Eï¼-º¤-!¶-ÁÝm-Iôm-mÅ-D¾-—˜ô¼mï-»-¾-ºIô-zºÛ-JÀ-V-¯-¤Û-¯-hï-¤ÛP-qô-ŸÛG-¾-¼ïG¾Å-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü which came first – the chicken or the egg? ‚-Á-hP-‚-ÇKôP-GZÛÅ-GP-ÇSôm-¾-ÇÀïzÅ-ÅôP.ü which restaurant? ¸-DP-GP. please check this text for accuracy or mistakes.ü which direction is it to the theater? „À-¤ºÛ-xôGÅ-Å-GP-¼ïhü which door is the way out of this building? DP-z-ºhÛºÛ-xÛ-¾ôG-¾-ºIô-źÛ-ÇKô-GP-¼ïhü which foot hurts? is it the left one? @P-z-GP-m-GÛü G»ôm-q-Íï-¼ïhü which one of those monks is Lobsang? IÔ-z-ºhÛ-±ô-mP-mÅ-„Àô-z¸P-ÅÞ-¼ïhü which one would you like this one or that one? Eôh-¾-ºhÛºÛ-hGº-hïºÛ-hGºü Eôh-¾-GP-GÛ-hGºü which page number? ÁôG-IPÅ-GP. I was reading a book Eôh-ˆÛÅ-»ÛG-ºyÛm-ƒÛÅ-¼ÛP-PÅ-hïz-ŸÛG-z>ÀGÅq-»Ûmü who all went? ±P-¤-ÅÞ-ÅôP-mÛ-¼ïhü who are those people? ¤Û-hï-±ô-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who are you writing to? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÅÞ-¾-»Û-Gï-ºƒÛ-zŸÛm-»ôhü 129 . Eôh-ºhÛ¼-»ôh-¼ÛP-¾-hqï-V-ºhÛ-bG-¤Û-bG-z¿e¼ôGÅü while you were writing.ü which would you rather eat – pork or beef? Eôh-¾-wG-ÁºÛ-hGº-º¤-JÀÛP-ÁºÛ-hGºü Eôh-ˆÛÅ-GP-¸Mã-»Ûmü while you are here.

mÛ-»Ûmü who gave it to you? hï-Eôh-¾-ÅÞÅ-vh-ÅôP.-ºhÛ-ÅÞÅ-ƒÛÅ-mÛ-¼ïhü who wants to go first? hP-qô-ÅÞ-ºIô-zŤ-GÛ who will travel with you to america? Eôh-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-ÅÞ-Í-¼Û-¾-ºIô-GÛ-¼ïhü who wrote this prayer? Ÿ¾-ºhôm-hï-ÅÞÅ-GÅÞP-(ƒÛÅ)-q-¼ïhü 130 .ü who in your opinion is the greatest lama of our times? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-zŤ-m-P-±ô-hÝ-Ç+zÅ-ºhÛ¼-„À-¤-Vï-ÁôÅ-hïÅÞ-¼ïh-zŤ-GÛ who is it? hï-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who is that over there? w¼-xôGÅ-GÛ-¤Û-hï-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who is the author of this text? hqï-V-ºhÛºÛ-¯ô¤-q-qô-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who is the governor of this prefecture? DÞ¾-HÛ-hqôm-qô-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who is the person who drives your car? Eôh-ˆÛ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-GbôP-¤Û-hï-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who is your teacher? Eôh-ˆÛ-„À-¤-(hGï-Lm)-ÅÞ-¼ïhü who painted this thangka? fP-.who are you? Eôh-ÅÞ-»Ûmü who bought that new house down the street from you? Eôh-»ôh-źÛ-¾¤-ºôG-GÛ-DP-z-Gż-q-!hï-ÅÞÅ-ZôÅmÛ-¼ïhü who did you go with? Eôh-¼P-ÅÞ-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-ÅôP.ü who hit who with what? ÅÞÅ-ÅÞ-¾-TÛ-ŸÛG-GÛ-zMz-ÅôP.

-¤Û-¾Å-mÛ-¼ïhü why is it taking so much time? hï-TÛ-ŸÛG-‚Å-mÅ-hÝÅ-±ôh-¤ÛP-qô-ºGô¼-mÛ-¼ïhü will it be convenient for you to explain your plans to him? Eôh-ˆÛ-ºV¼-GŸÛ-hï-n¤Å-Dô-¾-ºƒï¾-zÁh-‚ïh-m-Íï-ºIÛGGÛ will the wild beasts not kill the cattle? GTm-G¸m-hï-±ôÅ-xãG-¸ôG-n¤Å-¤Û-zÅh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü will there be many shops along the road? ¾¤-ºI¤-m-±ôP-DP-¤ÛP-qô-»ôh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü will they quarrel? DôP-±ôÅ-D-¯ôh-‚ïh-ˆÛ-Íï-¼ïhü will this color fade over time? hÝÅ-ºGô¼-m-ºhÛºÛ-±ôm-»¾-HÛ-Íï-¼ïhü will this take a lot of time? ºhÛÅ-hÝÅ-±ôh-¤P-qô-ºGô¼-HÛ-Íï-¼ïhü will those birds survive the winter? ‚-hï-±ô-hGÝm-D-º±ô-fÞz-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü will we meet again? P-±ô-»P-zB¼-fÞG-Mã-Íï-¼ïhü will you be here at ten o'clock tomorrow? Eôh-ÅP-ZÛm-Vß-±ôh-zTߺÛ-ÇeïP-¾-ºhÛ¼-»ôP-GÛÍï-»Ûmü will you eat? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¸-Mã-Íï-»Ûmü 131 .whom did you teach? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÅÞ-¾-FÛh-mÛ-¼ïhü whose book is this? hïz-ºhÛ-ÅÞºÛ-¼ïhü whose is this? ºhÛ-ÅÞºÛ-¼ïhü why are you going? Eôh-TÛ-ŸÛG-‚Å-mÅ-ºIô-mÛ-»Ûmü why does this not work? hï-TÛ-ŸÛG-‚Å-mÅ-¾Å-.

ü without a Visa.will you please lock the door when you leave? Eôh-¼P-ºIô-hÝÅ-ÇKô-¾-¸Ð-MG-¼ôGÅü will you please measure this window to see how wide it is? Ç+¼-DÞP-ºhÛºÛ-ŸïP-±h-¾-G-ºi-»ôh-±h-MG-¼ôGÅü with the new medicine she was immediately cured Ǩm-Gż-q-hï-¸ôÅ-mÅ-¤ô-¤HôGÅ-qô¼-iG-ÅôP. a chinese passport holder can stay no more than one week in hong kong fôP-¤Vm-¤ïh-q¼-M-mG-GÛ-xÛ¼-Bôh-¾G-Eï¼-»ôh¤Dm-±ô-zhÝm-y-GTÛG-¾Å-¿ËG-!ÈôP-GôP-¾-Çkôh¤Û-VôG Without analyzing the teachings. we cannot sit down and meditate VôÅ-hôm-¤-dôGÅ-q¼-ÇKô¤-MG-¤Û-fÞzü won’t that increase the total cost even more? hïÅ-Eôm-Çkô¤-¼Ûm-GôP-hï-¤fô-¼Þ-GbôP-¤Û-ºhÝGG¤ü won't it be inconvenient? hï-ÇezÅ-zhï-zô-¤ïh-mÛ-Íï-¼ïhü would you be interested in going to the store with me? Eôh-¼P-P-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-±ôP-DP-hïºÛ-mP-hÝ-ºIô-GÛÍï-»Ûmü would you like a little bit more? h-hÝP-TßP-®¤-Íï-hGôÅü would you like some hot water? Eôh-¾-Vß-±-zô-Íï-hGôÅü would you like some more tea? Eôh-¾-h-hÝP-W-Íï-„ÀâG would you like to go for a walk? Eôh-¼ÛP-ºV¤-ºV¤-¾-ºIô-GÛ-Íï-»Ûmü (Eôh-¼ÛP-ºE¼mÛ-Íï-ºIô) would you like to leave a message? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Ç+h-zÇ+ݼ-zŸG-ˆÛ-Íï-»Ûmü would you mind giving this car a push? ½ÀP-ºDô¼-hï-¾-wÞh-MG-ŸÛG-GbôP-Íï-fÞzü 132 .

it is mine ¼ïhü hï-PºÛ-¼ïhü yesterday was sunday D-ÅP-G¸º-ZÛ-¤-¼ïhü "you" (singular and plural.±P-¤¾-zïh-uôh-‚ïh-fÞzü you are an accomplished teacher Eïh-mÛ-Eh-ºwGÅ-ˆÛ-„À-¤-ŸÛG-¼ïhü you are an expert cook 133 .would you mind mailing this letter for me? »Û-Gï-ºhÛ-P-¾-zÇ+ݼ-Íï-fÞzü would you please hold the door open for me? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÇKô-ºhÛ-P-¾-xï-mÅ-ºhÝG-Íï-fÞzü would you please pass the salt? ±Ð-hï-P-¾-¢Ûm-Íï-fÞzü would you please tell him I called. I understand ¼ïhü hï-PÅ-È-Gô-GÛ yes. honorific and non-honorific) Eôh-("you" mÛ-Eôh-ˆÛ-hôm-hï)¸!ï¼-zºÛ-±ÛG-ºhÛ-mÛ¤ÛP-±ÛG-ZÝP-±ÛG-GÝÅ-±ÛG-¤-GÝÅ-qºÛ-±ÛG. I think it does ¼ïhü PÅ-zŤ-q¼-hï-¼ïhü yes. PÅ-Dô-¾-D-q¼-zbP-ÅôP-¸ï¼-mÅ-zÁh-Íï-fÞzü would you please tell him that I'm here? P-ºhÛ-m-»ôh-¸ï¼-mÅ-Dô-¾-zÁh-Íï-fÞzü would you rather we eat first and then go? P-±ôÅ-hP-qô-¸-hï-mÅ-ºIô-Íï-¼ïhü wouldn't you like to rest? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-P¾-GÅô-MG-GÛ-¤Ûm-m¤ü wow! Íôü (Í-È-Èü) writing a Visa letter involves taking responsibility fôP-¤Vm-¾G-Eï¼-HÛ-ljm-ŸÝºÛ-»Û-Gï-ºƒÛ-z-¾-¾ÅºGm-DÞ¼-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¼ïhü yes.

º-iÛm-Vï-¸ï¼-hGôÅ-mÛ-¤-¼ïhü you don't have to pay duty on personal belongings Eôh-¼P-ZÛh-GÛ-zTº-¾G-¾-F¾-vôh-hGôÅ-ˆÛ-¤-¼ïhü you finished reading the book – didn’t you? Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hïz-hï-z>ÀGÅ-±¼-ÅôP. and I will come later Eôh-ÇSôm-¾-ÅôP-hP-P-TßP-®¤-XïÅ-mÅ-»ôP.-Eï¼-VôG-GÛ-¤-¼ïhü Eôh-ˆÛÅ-GZÛžÅ-GTÛG-ºhï¤Å-VôG you did very well Eôh-ˆÛÅ-È-TP-GÛ-»G-qô-‚Å-ÅôP.I have many others Eôh-ˆÛÅ-!hï-Z¼-m-VôG P-¾-GŸm-q-¤ÛP-qô-»ôhü you can take this with you when you return to Tibet Eôh-¼P-zôh-¾-xÛ¼-ºIô-hÝÅ-hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-Eï¼ü you can’t have both .ü ¤-ÅôP-P¤ü your future depends on how well you do the exam Eôh-ˆÛ-¤WâG-ºƒÅ-hï-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-»ÛG-MãG-hï-»G-qô-‚ãP¤Û-‚ãP-¾-¼ïG-¾Å-»ôhü you get good reception on your phone Eôh-ˆÛ-D-q¼-ÇKP-¾-D-q¼-Gž-zô-º‚ô¼-Mã-¼ïhü you go first. you can also eat the skin Eôh-ˆÛÅ-ÁÛP-bôG-ºhÛ-G®z-mÅ-ÁÝm-q-hP-¤Z¤-hÝ-¸m-VôG you can keep it for you .ü 134 .ü you don’t have to say thank you Eôh-ˆÛÅ-z.ü Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hqï-¤ïhŸÛG-‚Å-ÅôP.you can choose only one of the two options Eïh-ˆÛÅ-GZÛÅ-.Eôh-mÛ-¸-¤-z¸ô-¤Dm-¤DÅ-hzP-ŸÛG-¼ïh you are driving very carefully Eôh-ˆÛÅ-½ÀP-ºDô¼-È-TP-GÛ-G¸z-G¸z-‚ïh-mÅ-GbôPGÛm-ºhÝG you are not lazy Eôh-¾ï-¾ô-Tm-ŸÛG-¤-¼ïhü you are very kind Eôh-mÛ-È-TP-GÛ-Åï¤Å-z¸P-ŸÛG-¼ïhü you can cut this fruit and eat with skin.

ü ¤-ÅôP-P¤ü you will have to get an injection Eôh-¾-Dz-ŸÛG-MG-hGôÅ-GÛ you will see it very clearly.ü you need a special “mp3” cd player to play an “mp3” cd GbôP-‚ïh-¾you teach good Eïh-ˆÛÅ-VôÅ-FÛh-»G-qô-‚ïh-GÛ you teach. weren't you? Eôh-D-ÅP-ºhÛ¼-»ôP-ÅôP.º-»ôhü (Eôh-Vh-»ôhü) you must have dialed the wrong number Eôh-ˆÛÅ-D-q¼-GbôP-Å-mô¼-ÅôP. don't you? Eôh-¾-xÛ¼-Bôh-¾G-Eï¼-hï-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü ¤ïh-h¤ü you have a taste for the simple life Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¤Û-±ï-hˆãÅ-¤ºÛ-ƒô-z-ŸÛG-¥ôP-ÅôPü you have many choices Eôh-¾-ºhï¤Å-. you can't miss it hï-¤-Áô¼-z¼-Eôh-ˆÛÅ-hï-¾-»G-qô-¿eôÅü you'd better hurry or we’ll be left behind Eôh-ˆÛÅ-¤HôGÅ-qô-¤-‚ïh-m-Eôh-¼P-XïÅ-ÅÞ-¿ËG-ºIôMã-¼ïhü your (singular and plural. and I will listen Eôh-ˆÛÅ-VôÅ-FÛh-‚ïh-hP-PÅ-Zmü you were here yesterday.you have a passport. honorific and non-honorific) 135 . and i have mine Eôh-¾-Eôh-¼P-GÛ-z¿e-±ß¾-ŸÛG-hP-P-¾-P-¼P-GÛz¿e-±ß¾-ŸÛG-»ôh-ˆÛ-¼ïhü you must be tired Eôh-¾-h.-¤!ÛP-qô-»ôh-GÛ you have my camera PºÛ-hq¼-VÅ-Eôh-¾-»ôhü you have wisdom P-±ôÅ-¾-ÁïÅ-¥ôP-»ôhü you have your point of view.

Eôh-("your" mÛ-Eôh-ˆÛ-hôm-hï)¸!ï¼-zºÛ-±ÛG-ºhÛ-mÛ¤ÛP-±ÛG-hP-ZÝP-±ÛG-GÝÅ-±ÛG-¤-GÝÅ-qºÛ-±ÛG-±P¤-¾-zïh-uôh-‚ïh-fÞzü your appointment will be next monday at two o'clock Eôh-ˆÛ-fÞG-MãºÛ-D-Vh-!hï-G¸º-¹-zºÛ-Vß-±ôh-GZÛÅÇeïP-¾-¼ïhü your brother does not have any manners Eôh-ˆÛ-Çtäm-¤Vïh-¾-uôh-q-»G-qô-¤ïh-GÛ your devoted students have made many offerings to you Eôh-ˆÛ-hh-¿km-HÛ-ÇÀôz-¤-n¤Å-ˆÛÅ-ºzÞ¾-z-¤P-qôwÞ¾-ÅôP.ü your fame is spreading everywhere Eôh-ˆÛ-¤±m-ljm-GP-ż-¾-Ez-ºIô-GÛ-»ôh-GÛ your right hand is swollen. does it hurt? Eôh-ˆÛ-¾G-q-G»Å-¤-hï-CPÅ-ºhÝG-»ôh-GÛ hï-Íï-m-GÛ “exception” means it is not the same as others “exception”mÛ-GŸm-hP-fÞm-¤ôPÅ-¤-»Ûm-qºÛ-hôm-hïï¼ïhü “oatmeal” is a breakfast food item “oatmeal”mÛ-ŸôGÅ-¸Å-ŸÛG-¼ïhü 136 .

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