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My Part of Drop in the Sea of Structural Engineering: Creating ETABS Default.

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Creating ETABS Default.edb file


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Creating Default.edb file for ETABS

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When you start ETABS and click on New Model, it asks to choose edb file, either default or custom. In this tutorial you will be able to create a default.edb file. The advantage for this option is, you can immediately start working on building the model instead of first defining the material and section properties. The choose.edb option is for selecting an ETABS file which is not default but you want to use parameters of the model used in other project. So, in this tutorial you are going to make a default edb file containing all the information, units and options in which you want to work and dont want to waste your time every time you start a new model. We will work in SI units in this tutorial.

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1-Start ETABS

3-Select kN-m from lower right corner units drop box.

4-Start a new model and when asked for edb file, Choose No, because at this time you are creating your first edb default file.

5-Select Grid Only option and press ok.

No we will work menu by menu. So first one is file menu.

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FILE menu
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i-Print Setup

Select your default printer and paper size. DEFINE menu

Select your units to be N-mm i-Material Properties

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Select add new materials and define different concrete strengths you use commonly. For example Conc. 21: 21N/mm compressive strength and 420N/mm

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My Part of Drop in the Sea of Structural Engineering: Creating ETABS Default.edb file

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steel strength with 4700fc as modulus of Elasticity. Conc. 25, Conc. 30, Conc. 35, Conc. 40 etc. ii-Frame Sections
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Select the first section in the list then scroll to the bottom and while holding the Ctrl button select the last section in the list, then click on delete button. All frame sections except the last one will not be deleted. You can add new sections and once you have defined your section, you will be able to delete also this last undesired section. Add all the sections, you want to be in your project, for example rectangular, circular etc. Define as many sections as you can. Sometimes, you want to optimize your sections and want to increase say a beams depth by 50mm and check if it is passing or not. So first define the smallest section and then define all other sections with depth increment of 50mm (or 3 inches) keeping the width same. Once you have reached the limit for the depth of the members, say 1000mm then start defining the sections with width increment. This step is most time consuming, but as you do it, I bet it will be much time saving for your next models. If a beam say 250x300 is failing, you will not need to define another section say 250x400, rather you will just select it from the pre-defined sections and change the section to see if its passing or not and so on. You MUST concentrate hard on this step and on cover values and material of sections, because once you define the sections, it will be hard to catch the error in cover or depth or width values. For an example you can have your sections like this:B-250x300 B-250x350 B-250x400 Note: Cover to rebar center is distance b/w edge of beam to centroid of reinforcement. I recommend you to use two layers of the main bars you use commonly for top and bottom reinforcement and #3 bars or (T10) bars for stirrups and 40mm cover. Remember when you use two layers, the distance b/w bars (vertically) should be larger of 25mm(1) or main bar dia. For example for moderate height and size of buildings. You can 2 layers T-16 main T-10 stirrups so cover = depth 40cover 10stirrups 16 (1layer of T016)-(25/2mm) for half of dist b/w bars. = depth 80. iii-Wall/Slab/Deck Sections B-300x300 B-300x350 B-300x400 C-300x300 C-400X400 C-500X500

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CIVIL EA FORUM ETABS Model Checking, Tips & Tricks Installing CSI/REVIT 2009 FOR ETABS 9.5 How to: PARTIAL FIXITY in ETABS Creating ETABS Default.edb file

Define all your slab sections here. For example 2way150 (two way slab 150thick) 1way125(one way slab 125 thick) etc. Please select material for each section carefully. Membrane and bending thickness is same mostly. But if you have pre-cast slab with 75mm topping, your bending thickness will be 75mm and your membrane thickness will total thickness (slab+topping). If you have flat slab, select shell option, otherwise membrane option. For one way slab use special one way slab distribution option. SHELL: Transfers load to horizontal boundary elements (beams

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in two way slab with beams).


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MEMBRANE: Transfers load to boundary nodes (columns in flat slab). Slab load is distributed by 45 degree tributary area method. iv-Static Load Cases

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Define all your static load cases. To be simple, define Dead, Live, EQ and wind loads.
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Put dead load multiplier 1 in one of any dead load case. No need to put separate Self wt load case. Usually dead load cases are DL, WALLS, Finishes. For simplicity and for small projects, you can use only 1 case as DL (including all finishes, walls, self wt) etc and one LL. For earthquake loads, you must define four cases EQX1- X direction + Y Eccent. EQX2- X direction Y Eccent. EQY1-Y direction + X Eccent. EQY2-Y direction X Eccent. Eccentricity ratio should be 0.05(5%). These four directions are necessary for irregular buildings. If you have perfectly regular and symmetric building, you can use only one X and one Y direction. v-Special Seismic Load Data

Select do not use special seismic load data and press ok. vi-Mass Source

Select From loads option because we will not generally put additional masses inside our model and self weight is also being calculated with DL (self wt. multiplier is 1). So everything will calculated based on your given loads. Use 100%DL(all dead load not just self wt.) + 25%LL (see UBC-97 code). For light buildings you can use 100%DL + 15%LL. ANALYZE menu

i-Set analysis options

Unselect dynamic and P-Delta option, if you do not want to use these options. (UBC Equivalent Static Process, used in moderate size buildings.) If you run your model with dynamic option selected, you will not be able to see static seismic calculations in summary file, even if you remove dynamic option and run the model again. This is a bug in ETABS. So if you are sure that you will use STATIC process, remember to check dynamic option is unselected before running your model. OPTIONS menu

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My Part of Drop in the Sea of Structural Engineering: Creating ETABS Default.edb file

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i-Preferences>Concrete Frame Design

Select your code. For ACI, ACI-02 is best. Select seismic design category. If you want to convert UBC Seismic zone to seismic category, refer to ACI table R1.1.9.1 in Chapter 1. Do not change pattern load factor. Utilization factor limit is the additional ETABS factor of safety. Its not recommended to change this factor also. ii-Preferences>Reinforcement Bar Sizes

Change to your needs and delete unnecessary bar data. iii-Preferences>Live Load Reduction

Select your parameters. Usually no live load reduction is selected. And thats it. You are done. You have successfully configured everything you needed for your next models. Now its the time to save it in proper location. Click Save As in file menu and select the installation folder of ETABS, if there is already default.edb file, overwrite it, otherwise save as Default.edb. Now every time you start a new model and when asked to choose edb, just select the Default.edb button and you will find all the settings there.

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