Balancing Overhung Rotors

The information provided is for help with Commtest Instruments products: • vb instrument

QUESTION How can I balance an overhung rotor? ANSWER Overhung rotors have characteristics such as Disk Skew and Gyroscopic Effects that can make them hard or impossible to balance with standard single or dual plane balancing techniques. This FAQ describes two effective techniques for balancing an overhung rotor; one for single plane balancing and another for dual plane balancing. Use the diagram below to follow the steps outlined in each method. A = bearing furthest from the rotor B = bearing closest to the rotor C = inboard on the rotor D = inlet/outboard on the rotor

Rotor showing measurement points and correction planes

Using Single Plane Balancing - Static then Couple
The following method resolves static and couple imbalances separately. The static component is balanced first before dealing with any couple unbalance. Step 1 - Static Balance • Connect the channel 1 accelerometer to bearing B (closest to the fan) and perform a single plane balance on plane C only (closest to the bearings). Step 2 - Couple Balance • When the vibration level at bearing B is satisfactory move the channel 1 accelerometer to bearing A (furthest from the fan). • If the vibration level of bearing A is not acceptable perform a single plane balance on plane D using 'couple weights'. This means that when placing a trial weight on plane D, also place an equal weight 180º opposite on plane C. • When the instrument calculates the required balance weight, place it as directed on plane D and place an equal weight on plane C in a location 180º

For the 'left' trial weight apply a known weight in plane C and take the left trial reading. Initiate a dual plane balance and collect the initial readings. 2. use one heavier weight instead of two individual weights. repeat step 1).e. 3. Take the 'right' trial reading and let the instrument perform balance calculations. This method can balance an overhung rotor in four runs (not counting trim balances). We advise you to check the machine to eliminate other probable causes of vibration before carrying out lengthy balancing procedures. Dual Plane Balancing for Faster Results The following method combines the static and couple balance operations into one. You can use the instrument's 'combine weights' function to combine the two weights in plane C into one i. • If the vibration level of bearing B is not acceptable perform another normal single plane balance in plane C (i. 4. perform a dual plane balance.e. Balance the rotor by applying the weight in plane C as indicated by the instrument in the 'left' correction plane. when placing trial or trim weights on plane D also place an equal weight on plane C in a location 180º opposite the weight positioned on plane D. 6. Step 3 .e. however. For the 'right' trial weight apply a known weight in plane D and an equal weight in plane C 180º opposite. . If vibration persists this may be because the problem is not caused by imbalance. i. The techniques outlined above are effective in reducing vibration on imbalanced rotors. for every balance and trim balance you will be applying two weights to plane C and one to plane D. and also add an equal weight 180 º opposite in plane C. If you have 'remove trial weights' selected remove all trial weights. For the 'right' correction plane apply the weight in plane D as indicated by the instrument. Use only the weight and location of the plane D weight when entering data into the instrument. Connect the two accelerometers on bearings A and B. Essentially.opposite. If you have 'remove trial weights' selected remove all trial weights. Use only the weight and location of the plane D weight when entering data into the instrument. 1.Final Static Balance • When the vibration level at bearing A is satisfactory move the channel 1 accelerometer to bearing B (closest to the fan). 5.

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