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TOPICAL TEST 7 : MACHINES

Section A
This question paper consists of 25 questions. Answer all questions. Every question is followed by four options A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer. UNIT 7 1 Diagram 1 shows an object.

5 Which of the following is matched correctly? A B C D Tool Knife Stairs Bottle opener Hammer Simple machine Pulley Wedge Lever Wheel and axle

Diagram 1

What type of simple machine does the object apply? A Gear B Lever C Wedge D Wheel and axle 2 Which of the following shows the easiest way to move a stone? A C

6 Diagram 2 shows two objects, P and Q.

Diagram 2

What simple machines do P and Q apply? A B C D P Pulley Gear Wedge Lever Q Lever Wedge Wheel and axle Inclined plane

7 Diagram 3 shows an object that can be seen in the playground. 3 The following tools apply the same type of simple machine except A C
Diagram 3

It applies the principle of A lever C gear B wedge D pulley 8 Diagram 4 shows a tool.

4 Which of the following objects applies the pulley to work? A C

Diagram 4

What is the type of simple machine that the tool makes use of? A Gear C Screw B Lever D Pulley

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9 Which of the following tools applies the same principle of simple machine as the see-saw? A Knife C G-clamp B Scissors D Spanner 10 All the objects below use screw principle except A C

15 Diagram 7 shows two tools.

Diagram 7

What is the similarity between these two tools? A Both tools have screw. B Both tools have pulley. C Both tools have wedge. D Both tools have wheel and axle. 16 Diagram 8 shows a hammer is used to pull out a nail.

11 Diagram 5 shows a set of gears.

Diagram 8

What do P, Q and R represent respectively?


Diagram 5

P A B C D Load Effort Load Fulcrum

Q Fulcrum Fulcrum Effort Load

R Effort Load Fulcrum Effort

Which of the following statements is true? A Both P and Q rotate anticlockwise. B Both P and Q rotate clockwise. C P rotates anticlockwise but Q rotates clockwise. D P rotates clockwise and Q rotates anticlockwise. 12 Which of the following tools applies the gear principle? A C

17 Which object below is a complex machine? A Thumbtack B Door stopper C Puncher D Bottle opener 18 Diagram 9 shows a tool that is used to tighten or loosen two objects.

13 Diagram 6 shows a crane.

Diagram 9 Which of the following tools uses the same type of simple machine as the tool? A See-saw B Ladder C Door stopper D Cross spanner 19 Diagram 10 shows a complex machine.

Diagram 6

Which simple machine does the crane apply to raise and lower loads? A Lever C Pulley B Wedge D Wheel and axle 14 Which of the following activities involve the use of wedge? I Fishing II Reading book III Cutting vegetables IV Sawing a plank using a saw A I and II C III and IV B I and III D II and IV
Diagram 10

What are the simple machines that can be found in the complex machine? A Lever, gear, wedge B Wheel and axle, lever C Inclined plane, screw, gear D Pulley, wheel and axle, lever 20 Diagram 11 shows a nail clipper.

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23 Diagram 13 shows a complex machine.

Diagram 11

Which of the following simple machines that can be found in the nail clipper? I Gear II Lever III Wedge IV Wheel and axle A I and III B I and IV C II and III D II and IV 21 The information below shows two types of simple machines. Gear Wheel and axle

Diagram 13 Which type of simple complex machine? I Lever II Screw A I and II B I and III machine can be found in the III IV C D Pulley Wheel and axle II and III II and IV

24 Diagram 14 shows an alarm clock.

Diagram 14

Which object below applies these simple machines? A C

Which of the following the alarm clock? I Gear II Lever A I and II B I and IV

simple machines are found in III IV C D Wedge Wheel and axle II and III III and IV

25 Diagram 15 shows two simple machines consist of X. X 22 Diagram 12 shows a complex machine. Lever Wheel and axle
Diagram 15 Diagram 12

X most probably is A

The complex machine applies all the simple machines below except A screw B wedge C pulley D wheel and axle

Section B Answer all the questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided.
1 Table 1 shows 3 gears of different sizes that can be found in a wrist watch. The number of rotation of 3 gears in one minute is recorded. Gear X Y Z Number of rotations 10 15 20
Table 1

[1 mark] (b) State the relationship between the size of the gears and the number of rotations in one minute. _______________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Predict which gear has the biggest size. _______________________________________ [1 mark]

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? _______________________________________ _______________________________________


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(d) State one reason (inference) based on your answer in (c). _______________________________________ [1 mark] (e) State (i) what is changed (manipulated variable): ____________________________________ (ii) what is observed (responding variable): ____________________________________ [2 marks] (f) What conclusion can be made based on the observation on gears X and Z? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ [1 mark] 2 Diagram 1 shows an investigation carried out by Maniqan. He is required to transport some bricks from position P to Q by using two methods. The number of bricks that he transported using each method is recorded in Table 2.

____________________________________ [2 marks] (d) What can be concluded from the investigation? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ [1 mark] 3 Diagram 3 shows three objects, K, L and M.

Diagram 3

(a) State whether the objects shown in Diagram 3 is complex machine or simple machine. _______________________________________ [1 mark] (b) State one reason (inference) to support your answer in (a). _______________________________________ _______________________________________ [1 mark] (c) State the similarities between

Diagram 1 Method to transport bricks Number of bricks

(i) object K and object L: ____________________________________ (ii) object K and object M: ____________________________________ [2 marks] (d) Identify one simple machine exist in (i) K : ________________________________ (ii) L : ________________________________ (iii) M : ________________________________ [3 marks]

Carry with hands Wheelbarrow


Table 2

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(a) State the difference between the number of bricks carried with hands and the number of bricks using the wheelbarrow. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ [1 mark] (b) State two variables that were kept the same (constant) in the investigation. 1. ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________ [2 marks]

(c) State (i) what is changed (manipulated variable): ____________________________________ (ii) what is observed (responding variable):
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