The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
Volume 94, Issue 5 September 30, 2013


4th Annual Community Awards

Features 5

2013 Homecoming weekend

The CSM marching band performs at the Homecoming game against New Mexico Highlands. The Orediggers were victorious, and enjoyed the festivities as well. See more Homecoming photos on page 6.

Golden honors Mines professor
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
Golden’s mayor, Marjorie N. Sloan, honors select individuals who consistently work for the betterment of life in Golden. Now in its fourth year, the 2013 Community Event bestows a handful of prestigious awards on Golden’s local heroes. The first recipient of the 2013 Community Award was CSM alumnus Dr. Chuck Baroch. He served on the Golden City council for 13 years, with six of those years as mayor. Baroch also has 18 years of service in the Golden Civic Foundation. Ed Dorsey, the second recipient of the community award, works with a number of organizations that serve Golden, such as the Buffalo Bill Days committee, the Leadership Golden Board, and the Golden Urban Renewal Authority (GURA). Preston Driggers, next recipient of the Community Award, remains responsible for the acquisition of both North and South Table Mountains and the programs to keep them open to the public. Driggers also works on the GURA board and the project on Golden Ridge Road. The next recipient was Dr. Hugh King, a professor in the chemical and biological engineering department at CSM. King is the co-founder of Namlo international, a worldwide program dedicated to providing education Mr. Roberts witnessed the magic to countries from Nepal all the way of European street life, how blocks to Nicaragua and even the US. and their thriving ecosystems T h e f i n a l re c i p i e n t o f t h e have existed for thousands of 2013 Community Awards is Dan years, the young and hopeful Thoemke. Thoemke is a pastor dreamer returned to his homewith previous history of serving town of Dallas, Texas and had big as the chaplain for the Golden visions on how to make it better. Police Department. Upon seeThe area Roberts hailed from in ing the isolated religious leaders Dallas was rife with bankrupt busiof Golden, Thoemke threw to- nesses. Upon examining the city gether a get-together of sorts to plans, Roberts discovered that unify pastors which all the failed busieventually lead to The 2013 Communi- nesses sat along the formation of the the route of a now “Together Church,” ty Event bestows a defunct streetcar the coalescing of path. While the all pastors to fulfill handful of prestigious committee laughed G o l d e n ’s n e e d s . foolishly at Robert’s Thoemke also runs awards on Golden’s lo- p l a n o n w a n t i n g the Golden Backto bring back the cal heroes. pack program, streetcar, Robert, which gives needy with his background children a backin IT, designed a pack full of food for the weekend. professional-looking website to Following the award ceremony, propel his plans forward. Jason Roberts, a political activThe story made the local news ist, took to the stage to give the in how Jason Roberts and other night’s keynote speech. Mr. Rob- founding members of the “Oak erts founded “Team Better Block,” Cliff Transportation Organization” an organization whose main pur- had started movement to bring pose is to revitalize blighted city back the streetcar to the small blocks and streets. Mr. Roberts part of Dallas. Although there were originally started his career as an no other “founding members,” loIT consultant and never dreamed cal community members became of doing urban development. In ecstatic over the news about how fact, he referred to himself as a they might get a street car, and just a simple, “nerd by day and the committee told Roberts that rock guy at night” for his day job in the ambitious project was not computers and his heavy involve- worth his time or effort. Eventument in music. ally Roberts secured a federal After an eye-opening trip where grant for $43 million to reinstate

Sports 11

Football defeats New Mexico Highlands

Puzzle 12

This weeks crossword

the streetcar. Roberts looks at extremely run down blocks and pictures how big of a social community could exist there, essentially trying to transport the European pedestrian life into American car culture. Even in places like Dallas, where temperatures can rise to 104 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer, Roberts firmly believed that if there is an atmosphere inviting enough, people will come. There is a Dutch saying that, “There is no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing.” Even though most analysts project that renovating blocks will cost millions of dollars and the planning and tests to perform alone will cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, Roberts took a handful of his friends and refashioned the streets in a single weekend, thus attracting businesses to come back and open up shop. Following a relatively straightforward three step process, showing up, giving the project a name, and setting a date and publishing it (in a time span of weeks and not months and years or even decades), Roberts was able to transform his community into a lively and safe neighborhood whose production outputs in revenue among other benefits are quantifiable.

Continued on page 3 at Golden.

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september 30, 2013

Jacob Emmel, Staff Writer
Cambridge, Massachusetts - Lightsaber-like lasers might not be exclusive to science fiction after all. A group of researchers at the HarvardMIT Center for Ultracold Atoms has published the results of a study showcasing a new form of matter, called “photonic molecules,” in which photons begin to interact with each other and act as though they have mass. In this state, achieved by streaming a weak laser into a rubidium-filled vacuum, photons stay linked together but deflect each other when they come into contact. According to Mikhail Lukin, the leader of the study, “It’s not an inapt analogy to compare this to lightsabers. […] The physics of what’s happening in these molecules is similar to what we see in the movies.”

Greenbelt, Maryland - Data from the Curiosity rover revealed that Martian topsoil contains approximately two percent water by weight. By observing the gases released after boiling dirt samples, Curiosity found that, in addition to carbon dioxide, oxygen, and sulfur compounds, the soil contains significant quantities of heavy water, rich in the hydrogen isotope deuterium. Similar water is present in Mars’ atmosphere, which suggests that the soil has absorbed it and that the atmosphere and surface of the planet interact frequently.

Vienna, Austria - A new class of thermoelectric material may allow for more efficient conversion of industrial waste heat into electrical energy. Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology created a new clathrate—a type of lattice that traps atoms and molecules in “cages”—that holds cerium atoms in a structure made of barium, silicon, and gold. When one side of the material is heated, electrons in the cerium atoms move toward the cooler side, creating a voltage between the two sides. The team behind this discovery will attempt to duplicate this effect using more economically viable elements to improve the material’s marketability.

Beijing, China - A 419-million-year-old fish fossil may give greater insight into how the human face evolved. Entelognathus primordialis, a newly discovered armored fish, possesses a jaw structure resembling that of modern vertebrates and differs significantly from those of related fish. It uses the same three-bone system present in current chewing vertebrates in place of the collection of small bones found in bony fishes. In a commentary on the discovery, Dr. Matt Friedman of the University of Oxford stated that it “suggests a real antiquity to some of the most prominent features of our own bony faces.” This may allow researchers to trace defining characteristics of humans and other vertebrates much further down their lineage than previously believed.

Oredigger Staff
Deborah Good Editor-in-Chief Emily McNair Managing Editor Taylor Polodna Design Editor Connor McDonald Webmaster Lucy Orsi Business Manager Arnaud Filliat Copy Editor Katerina Gonzales Content Manager Jared Riemer Content Manager Karen Gilbert Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world
Bradley Wood, Staff Writer
This week, the UN Security Council unanimously voted to enact a plan to eliminate all of the chemical weapons in Syria by mid 2014. The plan includes inspections of Syria’s weapon stockpiles by experts and complete destruction of chemical weapon potential. World leaders support the decision and see it as a big step towards peace in Syria. Terrorist attacks in a shopping mall have killed a confirmed 67 people, with many more still to be accounted for. Preliminary reports suggest that the attackers gained control of the mall with force: by killing innocent security guards. After gaining access and taking hostages, the attackers maintained control of the mall for the next four days, at which time police and military forces regained control of the mall. Investigations are currently underway. The Ku Klux Klan has obtained a permit to hold a rally near the famous town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The rally is planned on the site of the famous battle and the site of the Gettysburg address. The leader of the local chapter of the KKK has been quoted in local newspapers saying his chapter is devoted to removing Obama from office. Venezuelan authorities have arrested 22 people in connection to a recent drug bust. Nearly 3000 pounds of cocaine were found on an Air France flight from Venezuela to Paris. The drugs were smuggled onto the plane by security officials in Venezuela and were being smuggled into Europe by security officials at Paris Charles de Gaulle airport. Six people have been arrested in France; three were British and three Italian. Ninety-two children have been rescued and 301 people were arrested in China following an investigation into a child trafficking ring. The ring appears to have been targeting children in one part of China and moving them to another part of China where they were being sold. Speculators blame China’s one child policy and lax adoption laws for the child trafficking problems. Surgeons in China are growing a replacement nose for a patient. They used transplant techniques to grow a new nose for a patient, Xiaolian, who lost his nose in a traffic accident. HIs new nose is being grown directly on his forehead. When the nose is ready doctors will transplant it to the correct place on Xiaolian’s face. 42 people are confirmed dead in a building collapse in Mumbai, India. So far, 33 people have been pulled from the wreckage alive, while some are still missing. The cause of the collapse has be attributed to poorly completed construction. Building collapses have become common in India where they struggle to maintain their infrastructure.

Local News
A hunter found human remains on a mountainside in a remote area of southern Jefferson County on Saturday. Crews reached the area on Sunday to begin the investigation. The Sinclair Refinery near Rawlins, Wyoming exploded Friday night. The explosion occurred in the refinery’s hydrogen unit. The resulting fire took firefighters several hours to extinguish. No one in the plant was injured and the fire did not damage any buildings in the nearby town of Sinclair. Snow on I-70 caused four crashes Friday night. The interstate was closed in both directions at the Eisenhower Tunnel for an hour. The Rockies defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 Saturday night. This was only the fifth shutout for the Rockies. Although Rockies right fielder Michael Cuddyer spent the night on the bench, he got his first batting title in 13 seasons with one game remaining. Gary Sinise, known for his role as Lieutenant Dan in “Forrest Gump,” donated $60,000 to the Black Forest Fire department. The largely volunteer fire department lost a lot of equipment during the recent fires, and Sinise’s donation will help pay to replace the equipment. The donation will also help the department buy a standing track vehicle to speed up fire mitigation.









The club rugby photograph caption on page 1 of Issue 4 (September 23) incorrectly listed the score of the match as 6-3. It was actually 60-3. The Oredigger apologizes for any confusion.

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september 30, 2013

Clear technical communication a must
Jordan Francis Staff Writer
According to Bruce Grewcock, CEO of Kiewit Corporation, engineers, scientists, mathematicians, and other professionals often have to communicate with politicians, regulators, media representatives, and members of the general public. Many of these people do not enjoy math or any of the other specialties in which engineers are trained. Grewcock lauded Mines for producing “great technically-based people…with a heavy emphasis on the math and the sciences,” but warns students that “what you’re going to encounter in the real world is some people that actually don’t like math. …You’re going to encounter a whole bunch of people that are going to have a tremendous impact and influence on projects you are working on and business and the industry and whatever you get involved in, they’re going to have a tremendous influence on you…I will guarantee you will come across… people, some of whom might have a technical background, but odds are most of them won’t. They don’t get it. Even the well-intentioned ones.” Grewcock said that to successfully interact with the necessary and helpful non-technical people, students and professionals must learn certain skills that are rarely taught in school. He claims that engineers need to learn to broaden their interests and perspectives, develop communication skills, and ask people’s opinions. Grewcock conveyed that he believes that these skills, in conjunction with a good sense of ethics, can help engineers both on a personal and industry-wide level. Grewcock emphasized the need for technically-based professionals to create and maintain good communication skills, pointing out that everyone in this industry knows what it is like to be treated to “death by Powerpoint.” He said that students need to focus on learning how to communicate in their writings, through spoken word and presentations, and by simplifying concepts enough for those with different levels of training or education to understand the essentials of any idea. Additionally, Grewcock stated that students should take care to learn how to listen to other people. He claimed that listening to people and asking their opinions is a very important part of the job and that the question “What do you think?” can be a professional’s most powerful tool. In order to be able to really listen to other people well and understand their ways of thinking, Grewcock said that engineers and others in the industry need to broaden their perspectives through “intellectual curiosity,” which largely involves asking questions whenever possible

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Kiewit CEO advises students on non-experts
or necessary. Grewcock advised his audience to be well-read, not just in terms of technical journals, but books, magazines, other journals, and other, possibly unconventional, sources of culture, news, and education. He claimed that working to develop and maintain these skills will help professionals with their people skills and in creating relationships, which everyone needs. Relationships are powerful, Grewcock said, so he advised students and professionals alike to develop a tolerance for difference. He said that students need to stay in contact with people from school and work to create and maintain a network of contacts, as well as seek out mentors once they get into their industry. A mentor, Grewcock said, can be a safe person to vent to as well as somebody to talk a professional through problems and provide him or her with good, candid feedback. Grewcock concluded by pointing out that students here “are part of a very unique institution…everybody [in the professional world] knows Mines” and he said that developing the skills he had mentioned would help students and professionals to be more successful and happier personally and professionally. He also advised anyone already in the industry to try this way of operating as it is “never too late to get started.”

Golden, cont’d. from page 1
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
The trick was getting the actual members of the community involved. While the government can pay workers to renovate a street, Roberts was able to rally volunteers and changed what were once dangerous ghettos into a booming street filled to the brim with people and business. Ultimately, it is best to transfer the ownership to the community themselves so that the responsibility lies within them. Now, gaining large momentum, the “Build a Better Block” program has projects going on all over the world. It is not complicated to champion change in the world; it does not have to even be that physically big to garnish a truly meaningful impact. Robert’s believed that he was, “not a leader in any capacity, but with any passion, anyone can be a leader.”

Constructing Probing microscopic thermo “perfect crystals”
Hannah Rossi Staff Writer
Almost every student at Mines takes a thermodynamics course in their academic career. Whether the topic is enjoyable or not, Muneera Beach, PhD in Biochemistry and Biophysics, explains the importance of thermodynamics in technology today. Beach works with a microcalorimetry. Microcalorimetry is essentially the study of thermodynamics at a microscopic level. This helps scientists understand the complex binding phenomena through heat interactions. The two capital methods of microcalorimetry are Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC). A UCSD graduate, Beach originally thought she would go to medical school. Realizing that she disliked anatomy, Beach changed her course and went for calorimetry, “I decided to get a Ph.D. and haven’t looked back since. “ Being an application scientist, Beach uses simulations to help run experiments and return reports for specific projects for GE Healthcare. She has been with the company since 2008. More specifically, Beach uses ITC to measure the entropy, enthalpies, and stoichiometry of mixing molecules. ITC utilizes two cells, the sample cell and the reference cell. The given molecule is placed in the sample cell while the reference cell typically contains water. A syringe then injects the other molecule being measuring into the sample cell. The sides of the cells have sensors and the capability to raise and lower temperature. The reference cell matches the temperature change in the sample cell to equate the differential temperature for the entire mechanism to zero. During her seminar last week, Beach covered three major examples of how ITC is used in the modern world: biomimetic interactions of proteins with functionalized nanoparticles, polymer surfactant complexes, and pharmaceutical applications. These readings can be used to calculate the enthalpy, entropy, or stoichiometry of the mixture caused by hydrogen bonds and Van der Waals attraction. Measuring amino acid functionalized particles bonding with different proteins can be used to modulate enzyme activity. These experiments can also show scientists how many of the amino acids are bonding with the proteins and how many of them are bonding the same way. Amino acids are placed in the sample cell while the proteins are titrated into the cell using the syringe. Beach points out that these reactions can rely on both electrostatics and hydrophobic characteristics of the molecules. The temperature at which the experiments occur is also crucial to the results. Mixing the same amino acid to the same protein can result in vastly different numbers for the enthalpy and entropy. Polymer Surfactant Complexes can also be analyzed using ITC. Detergents, cosmetics, environmental health and safety, pharmaceutical aspects and energy, are a few of the areas polymer surfactant interactions affect. Beach discusses the concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) when mixed with polymers in water. She also discusses the major difference one ethyl group can make in a peptide when being mixed with SDS. For example, Beach compares polyethylene glycol to polypropylene glycol. The two polymers produce opposite concentrations of SDS when using ITC. Beach explains that polyethylene glycol produces hydrophobic effects while polypropylene glycol causes enthalpic effects. ITC also vastly affects the pharmaceutical industry. Beach explains a recent experiment done to stabilize a certain protein using polysorbate-80. Trials revealed that pharmacists were overusing polysorbate-80. After the correctly calculated ratio was used, the proteins were then able to disassociate in the body during consumption which allowed for the drugs to be more effective. ITC can also be used to measure the quality of proteins. Companies wanting to measure the activity in a protein could use ITC to see reactions caused when mixing proteins. Beach says that the activity in quinidine antibodies were recently measured using a similar process. ITC can be used for a magnitude of applications as Beach closes with, “size does not matter in ITC, as long as you have a binding event.” She points out that ITC is used for a vast and diverse amount of applications. Nanoparticle, proteins, and polymers are just a few examples of science utilizing thermodynamics to improve products and medicine in the modern world.

Golden’s mayor honors community service leaders. A Mines professor was among the honorees.

Zach Snyder Staff Writer

versible Additionally, the particles themselves are extremely difficult to control. Bevan said that the Michael Bevan’s current re- greatest obstacle was “trying to search seeks to design and ul- image particles very close to one timately manufacture a material another” but, he added, “that’s called “perfect crystals.” Perfect where the engineering kicks in… crystals are particles of atoms do the science then design.” With the use of total internal stacked on top of each other that are so perfectly geometrically reflection microscopy (TIRM), aligned they behave with special Bevan’s project team was able to measurably record the fidgetproperties. One ideal use of a perfect ing movement atoms have when crystal is to build a computer out they are close to each other. One day in the lab, one of of them that theoretically could Bevan’s graduate run at the One ideal use of a students randomly speed of light. discovered that adThe immense perfect crystal is to justing the amount computing caelectrical energy pabilities at this build a computer out of of pushing particles speed are difficult to fathom. them that theoretically together can actually be changed increPerfect crystals are not natu- could run at the speed mentally and thus alter the behavior of rally occurring, and previous of light. The immense two particles close to one another. Parman made atcomputing capabili- ticles, while never tempts to proactually touching duce them ties...are difficult to another particle, still have all been get close enough to futile. Many fathom. stick, though Bevan who tried endnoted that, “it’s baed up with minor defects at the atomic level. sically levitation, it sounds like These defects had to do with witchcraft but is not that bad.” If all particles line up uniformly, how the crystals stacked on top of each other such as point-mass then the manufacturer generates a perfect crystal which has a lot flaws or line-ridge faults. Bevan encountered some is- of useful properties. Bevan’s resues when trying to create per- search continues on today, so fect crystals. By definition, these sometime down the line the latperfect crystalline structures est iPhone processor may be cannot be undone and therefore powered by technology that feels the setting of the positions of at- like it is straight out of science oms in the perfect crystal is irre- fiction.

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september 30, 2013

Findings suggest second chamber in Kilauea
John Bristow Staff Writer
Despite the appearance of being a concrete and known science, geology, due to the interpretive nature of the discipline, has plenty of differing interpretations that keeps the field alive. These debates often emerge in seminar, as when Dr. Aaron Pietruszka of the United States Geological Survey presented on the nature of the magma chambers that feed one of the most spectacular volcanoes in the world, Kilauea. Through geophysical findings, isotopic analyses, and volumetric calculations Pietruszka walked the attentive audience through his steps to determine that two small chambers of magma, rather than one, feed Hawaii’s fiery masterpiece. Pietruszka said, “[We have] known for a number of years a lot about the plumbing system [of Kilauea], primarily from geophysics.” In the system, the melt is primarily from the mantle with a few xenoliths thrown in for good measure. The magma rises from there through a primary conduit starting at about 60 kilometers down and then it spends time in a summit magma chamber that sits at 2-4 kilometers down. From there, the magma either finds its way out at Halema’uma’u or it travels down a set of faults to erupt at Pu’u‘O’o[a]. Since the movement of fluid in the subsurface causes minor tectonic activity, the pathways used by the magma can be determined by compiling seismic activity over time. As it would be revealed later, there are some considerations to take into account, namely whether or not the fluid is magma or if it is just simply hydrothermal fluids. Since determining the exact nature of these systems takes a lot of data and more than a few assumptions, there is wiggle room in terms of interpretation. Pietruszka put up models for the two major end members of these interpretations, one being a fairly simple system with only one magma chamber, and the other being the model that he was there to defend, the two chamber idea. Like a well seasoned performer before a show, Pietruszka announced, “[I am] going to try to convince you that there are two small magma chambers,” before leading off into the history of the competing models. The first step was to introduce one of the crucial factors that is needed to understand a magma system, the size of the magma chamber. For the most part this is done by looking at where there are earthquakes and finding a spot without any. Since a fluid will not carry any sort of earthquake through it, a blank zone in the data indicates where there is a lack of solid rock. According to the data, there is an area below Kilauea that ranges from 40 cubic kilometers, if the whole area is fluid, to a measly 0.08 cubic kilometers if there is slightly molten material surrounding the chamber. For his own PhD, Pietruszka used geochemical data and came up with a volume of around 2-3 cubic kilometers. Beyond the size of the chamber, shape is another important constraint. This data is compiled from ground deformation over time, but due to the resolution of the data, there is still room for multiple interpretations. “They saw these inflation centers rising and falling,” stated Pietruszka as he displayed the data, “it seemed like there were two main areas where activity was focused.” Of course other people have looked at this data and have come up with entirely different interpretations. Rather than two vague areas, data reduction can point to one main spot. Pietruszka hinted that this may not be correct given that recent geophysical studies have leaned towards two magma chambers. The studies also added in a mark of confusion to the interpretation, rather than having two chambers at normal depths, only one was deep while the other was interpreted to be extremely shallow. Pietruszka admitted that while it would help his interpretation to assume that the signature represented a magma chamber, it may also be an active hydrothermal system below the surface. To his dismay Pietruszka announced that the group that did the study “[was] really agnostic to if [the data] were hydrothermal [activity] or magma.” The most poignant geophysical data-set “is kinda the smoking gun for magma,” revealed Pietruszka. Microgravity measurements at Halema’uma’u indicated that mass was increasing, which generally indicates magma is intruding into the system. The current thought behind the interpretation is that a while back an earthquake created a small void which is currently filling with magma, this explains why it was not seen before. As the chamber fills up, it drives the eruption at Halema’uma’u. With the geophysics out of the way, Pietruszka asked, “how can we use lead isotopes to confirm these findings?” Given that his specialty is in lead isotopes, he was well prepared to back up the geophysical work. “In Hawaii, the lead isotope signature indicates mantle derived magmas,” said Pietruszka. On top of the basic average signature, each of the eruptions has an individual signature which can be used to determine some of the basic properties of how it behaved in the system. Beyond this, for some of the longer eruptions, the signature will fluctuate based on the actual source from which the eruption is drawing, which may change over the course of an eruption. The fundamental principle that Pietruszka drew upon was that if there is a secondary magma chamber, the isotope ratios should reflect a different signature than the primary chamber. During the early stage of the recent large eruption of the Kilauea caldera, the isotopic ratios followed a singular path that was reflected at all of the sites. Then, as Pietruszka revealed, something unusual happened in the early 1970’s: the trend split into two different groups based on location. “[The] interpretation is that there are two different magma bodies, [which] looks to correspond to the geophysics,” said Pietruszka, then he added, with an air of relief, “this is encouraging.” The isotopic data can also be used along side a few well thought-out assumptions to find

A USGS scientist takes lava samples from Kilauea.
out more about the magma chamber. According to Pietruszka, the chamber is likely cooled to some extent by hydrothermal activity near the surface. The residence times that can be ascertained by eruptions to help determine the size of the chamber, which is around 0.2 cubic kilometers provided the chamber exists. To finish up the presentation, Pietruszka took time to address a few remaining questions about the Kilauea system as a whole. The first venture outside the main topic focused around figuring out if there could be another magma chamber deeper than the main system; unfortunately, the data that can be used to make this interpretation is sparse. “We can put up all the evidence for this on two slides,” said Pietruszka. The main evidence surrounding the idea concerns xenoliths. In igneous geology, xenoliths are artifacts of the rocks which a magma passes through. The longer a magma is present in a system, the more likely it is for xenoliths to be accumulated into the fluid. If there is a magma body at depth, xenoliths should be present from this chamber. Since the rock types at depth are different than the shallow rocks, an analysis of xenoliths is handy in a system such as the Kilauea volcano. Unfortunately for Pietruszka’s curiosity, the current system will not reveal it through the magmas; “Even if a deeper chamber is there, we [will not] see these effects because [the magma] is too hot.” To add another nail to the coffin, geophysical studies have not seen any evidence for it. Pietruszka would reveal later that despite that, there is data that helps prove that there is not a deep chamber. The other concern brought up that was somewhat secondary to the main focus of the presentation and concentrated on the current state of the plumbing system. Pietruszka put up multiple slides of isotopic data and worked through what it could mean. When the recent eruptions at Halema’uma’u began, the isotopic data was very similar to what was erupting at Pu’u ‘O’o. This would mean that the system possibly did not have a secondary chamber, or that the Pu’u ‘O’o magmas are a much later version of the Halema’uma’u material. As the magmas kept erupting, their composition moved away from that of the Pu’u ‘O’o magmas and started their own trend. If the trends stay separate, it could indicate that the rift zone that ends in the Pu’u ‘O’o eruptive site is not as related to the summit zone as one thought. On the other hand, if the magmas at Pu’u ‘O’o started reflecting what is erupting at the summit, it could help reinforce the idea of the system having one main plumbing pipeline. “Of course,” added Pietruszka, “this is something we will work on in the future.”

Mines research- Formulating a model for ers turn food human sleep cycles waste to glass
Chris Robbins Staff Writer
food waste as a valuable mineral source for the advanced ceramics and glass industries. “Organic waste can potentially provide at least some of the metal oxides required to produce glass and glass-ceramics products. Thus, glass manufacturing processes provide a uniquely suited potential route to recycle and reuse these organic wastes, producing useful glass products and reducing the influx of waste into landfills,” said Mines researcher Ivan Cornejo. Cornejo, Ivar Reimanis and Subramanian Ramalingam are the co-inventors of this patent and belong to the Colorado Center for Advanced Ceramics in the George S. Ansell Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at Mines. Dr. Cecilia Diniz Behn and her collaborators used data from rodent studies to formulate a mathematical model to predict and analyze sleep cycles in humans. Normal sleep involves a constantly changing cycle of wake periods, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. All people experience these three “phases” at some point while sleeping, but the frequencies and tendencies with which they are experienced seem to vary greatly by person. The data seems to suggest that some of the key factors involved in determining the proportions spent in each stage while

Courtesy Mines Newsroom
Mines researchers turn food waste to glass Colorado School of Mines researchers have provisionally patented a sustainable method to turn organic food and agricultural waste into glass. The process uses organic waste (such as eggshells, rice and wheat husks, peanut shells and banana peels) that is rich in the primary minerals that make up the most common oxides used in the manufacture of windows, containers and specialty glass. This discovery is not only a potential cost-savings boon for glass manufacturers, but also an environmentally conscious way to recast

sleeping were: the “firing rate” of constant conditions. neurotransmitters in the brain, the The results of testing the forlevels of adenosine (a nucleoside mulae were shown to be quite that promotes sleep), and the accurate, as the time predicted random excitatory inputs from in each state by the model was other parts of the brain. quite close to times actually reBehn used corded in each sleep these three main Behn believes that state. factors as variBehn believes understanding ables to develop that understanding formulae to dissleep cycles is the play periods of sleep cycles is the first step to learning sleep under cerabout the cirfirst step to learn- more tain conditions. cadian system. This As a result, ing more about the research could also she found that help find a relationduring any given circadian system. ship between differsession of sleep ent sleep cycles, the the transition between stages body’s homeostatic regulation, was rather cyclical, meaning and the release of orexin neurons there are changes between wake, (which are meant to excite certain REM, and NREM phases on fairly brain cells and promote wakefulsimilar intervals under certain ness).

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september 30, 2013

Homecoming a spicy fundraiser
Taylor Smith Staff Writer
Spirits were high going into halftime during this year’s homecoming football game. The football team was in the lead, the weather was great, and the sun was shining. Two clubs made an appearance during halftime, hosting events of great intrigue. The Mines Activities Council was the first organization to take the field with the announcement of the 2013 Homecoming Queen and Beast. Nominees for Homecoming Queen were: Ashley Hertzler, Erica Kellenberger, Kaitlyn Hedberg, Lauren Lunquist, and Virginia Judge. Nominees for Homecoming Beast were: Brandon Hunton, Kit Pfeiffer, Kyle Heser, Scott McClary, and Oluwaseun Ogunmodede. Those nominated had to belong to an organization on campus, and after a long week of voting on trailhead the winners were decided. The 2013 Homecoming Queen was Ashley Hertzler and the Homecoming Beast was Oluwaseun Ogunmodede, known as Seun. In her fourth year at Mines, Ashley is majoring in Mechanical Engineering and is an active member of Alpha Phi. Seun is in his fourth year at Mines also majoring in Mechanical Engineering, however he is also a member of the Colorado School of Mines Soccer team. This year’s winners were excited as they donned their respective embellished helmets and the Beast

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The Stars Above Mines

put on his beard. The second organization to take the field “brought the heat” in the wake of the Queen and Beast recognition. The Up ‘til Dawn organization hosted a Buffalo Wild Wings Blazin wing-eating contest to raise money for the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. Three groups, representing different aspects of the school, competed with three members on each team to see who could eat hot wings the fastest. Each group had to eat a total of 30 hot wings; 10 hot wings a person. The three groups representing the school were the Residence Hall Association, the Physics department, and the Mines Student chapter of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG). The American Association of Petroleum Geologists took first place with competitors Adam, Nico, and Travis; taking second was the Residence Hall Association, and coming in last was the Physics Department. However, the Physics Department was able to raise the most money with approximately $850 raised, while the Residence Hall Association raised the second most at approximately $200 and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists raised about $95. Overall, the contest raised more than $1100 for the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. The money will go towards the 1.8 million dollars that it takes to operate the St. Jude Children’s Research hospital on a daily basis.

Planetary Observations
John Bristow Staff Writer
From a theoretical perspective, stars are amazing to observe. The sky is chock full of ticking time bombs just the blink of an eye away from going supernova. In reality, the stars are frankly quite boring. Sure there are double stars and a few of them glimmer and flash in a way that can fascinate for a long while. Unfortunately for the night sky, stars are more like the individual dots of point in a pointillist painting rather than beauties themselves. Luckily for amateur astronomers, there are certain dots with a bit more discernible magnificence than the stars, and in astronomy terms, they are in our own backyard. Planets have always fascinated humanity. Instead of progressing around the sky like stars, planets advance and regress over the course of months. It was this stellar dance that inspired many of the early philosophers and later on, made names like Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton household names. Very few entities beyond the grasp of our atmosphere have gotten so many scientists and philosophers in trouble more than the planets. In terms of their reality, planets are funky little byproducts of stellar fusion and the nuances of gravity, with a bit of cosmic thermodynamics and chemistry sprinkled on for effect. Where stars are fairly simple in terms of processes and composition, at least up until the very end of their existence, planets are diverse chemical playgrounds. Just as Earth has weather, seasons, and a variable surface, the other planets in the solar system have amazing levels of chaos that make them extraordinarily fun to observe. With a good enough telescope and the right conditions, an astronomer can watch the seasons change on Mars, storms churn on Saturn, and meteorites plummet into the depths of Jupiter’s clouds. Some of the earliest reasoning for life existing elsewhere in the universe came from old school astronomers noticing the surface of Mars change every year, interpreting what was really cyclones churning the surface as massive scale agriculture operations of a dying race. A humble amateur may think that these observations are made by huge observatories on the highest peaks of the world, but in reality, with a bit of patience, basic equipment can be used to document these changes. The first target of any observation should be Jupiter. The biggest sibling of the solar family is large enough and bright enough to easily find. The only brighter night objects being the Moon and Venus. The most basic of telescopes, and even binoculars will be able to watch as the four main Jovian moons progress around the planet. The inner moons move so fast that over the course of the night, they can complete a whole orbit. Rarely can their shadows be seen on the planet


Chocolate Waffle Recipe
Bradley Wood Staff Writer
Waffles are a decadent treat often associated with breakfast foods. They go well with fried chicken too. People all over the world have enjoyed waffles for many years. With the addition of chocolate, this delicacy can be transformed into a treat for anytime. Follow this recipe to make delicious chocolate waffles that will satisfy any sweet-tooth. Ingredients: 1 1/2 cups flour ¼ cup sugar 1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa 1 tablespoon baking powder ¼ teaspoon salt 2 eggs 1 ¾ cups milk ½ cup vegetable oil 1 teaspoon vanilla ½ cup chocolate chips Directions: In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar, unsweetened cocoa, baking powder, and salt. Thoroughly mix

itself. The next step up, is the next planet out from the Sun, Saturn. While Saturn does not have as many observable moons, nor does it usually have weather that can be seen by casual telescopes, it does have rings. Of all of the wonders of the solar system, none of them are quite as grand as the rings of Saturn. After touring the outer solar system, observations of the inner planets have their own unique charm. With the exception of Venus, the inner planets all have observable surfaces. Mercury is hard to capture due to its proximity to the Sun; though with a bit of patience, it is possible to see the phases of Mercury. Much more drastic is Venus. Just as the Moon shifts from full to new and back to full again, Venus changes how much light is seen from Earth. When it is on the far side of its orbit from us, it is nice and round. Closer to us it can turn into a barely visible sliver. Finally there is Mars. The ruddy complexion of the planet is easily seen, and during the planet’s winter, white polar caps can be seen sandwiching the red. During the spring and summer months the front side turns black as the winds whip up the un-oxidized subsurface. All of these can easily be seen with a basic telescope or good binoculars, and there is one last stellar body to check out before the depths of space can be probed, the one closest to home, which will be covered next week.

dry ingredients, and leave a well in the middle of the bowl. In a separate bowl, lightly beat the eggs with a fork. Combine the beaten eggs, milk, vegetable oil, and vanilla: stir well. Add the eggs and milk mixture to the flour mixture all at once. Stir the batter with a whisk until well mixed, it should still be lumpy. Pour batter into waffle maker and sprinkle chocolate chips into batter before closing lid. Be sure to grease waffle maker to ensure the waffle does not stick.

Homecoming Fundraiser raises over $1,100 for St. Judes.


 Arthur   Lakes  Library  
Mon  –  Thurs   7:30am  –  9pm   Friday                               7:30am  –  3pm   Saturday                   10am  –  3pm   Sunday                         11am  –  9pm  


Bring  in  this  Coupon  to  receive  

1  FREE  brew  Coffee!  
On  Wednesday  10/2/13  (1  per  person)  

Chocolate Waffles are a decadent breakfast treat for the hungry Mines student.

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Festivities confirm: View is better at the top

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september 30, 2013


Competitors attempt to ignore scalding sensations as they devour wings at halftime.


The Homecoming Queen and Beast meet for the first time.


Mines defense brings down the ball carrier to help secure the Homecoming victory.


After the day’s events, fireworks lit up the sky on Friday.

Mines shows off its spirit as they take to the streets before the Homecoming game.


No homecoming game would be complete without body paint.

The student section reacts to one of many touchdowns at Saturday’s game.

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Geek Week
of the
What do you do with your limited spare time? Make costumes of nerdy things. What is your favorite thing about Mines? Everyone else accepts my random tangents as normal. If you were a superhero, would you rather be an awesome but still relatively normal human like Batman or Iron Man, or would you prefer to have actual super powers? I’d want to be super-rich and innovative, as long as I don’t look like buff Bruce Wayne ‘cause that’d be horrifying. What is your greatest accomplishment? Collecting all of the beads in Okami. In a battle of wits, who would win if the fight was between Dr. Stephen Hawking and Professor Charles Xavier? Xavier because he can control Hawking’s mind. I mean, no matter what, he’s gonna win. If you could be dropped into any fictional universe, what would it be and why? [The universe of] Doctor Who because then you could get to all the other parallel universe, [which] would also include some video game universes. If you could have your own Pokémon, which one would you want and why? Both Weelees, which are fusions, [one] between Weedle and Hitmonlee and [one between] Weezing and Hitmonlee because they would do wheelies on a bike. What is your best nerd moment? [It was] either making a Star Fox costume or naming my pet degus after Tales of the Abyss characters. Do you have any plans for the future? [They involve] getting into web development and making more costumes. Do you have any advice for fellow geeks and Mines students? Embrace it because everyone else does too. Do you have a favorite quote? “Two wrongs don’t make a right turn.” - Sylvester McCoy as the 7th Doctor from Doctor Who.

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...Kelsey Kopecky, Senior: Computer Science

Jordan Francis Staff Writer
Some geeks are content to sit at home, gather knowledge, game, read, and otherwise shut themselves away from the outside in keeping with the stereotypical sedentary nerd lifestyle. Others boldly venture out to see the rest of the world, meet other nerds from all walks of life, and work on projects that require both travel and artistic capabilities. This is the kind of geek people can find in Computer Science senior Kelsey Kopecky. The Oredigger caught up with Kopecky last week to learn about her geekery. [Oredigger]: Why did you choose that major? [Kopecky]: ‘Cause I like solving puzzles and [because] CSU has a crappy Zoology department. What’s been your favorite class so far? Creative Writing because Toni Lefton loves dinosaurs. Are you a geek and why? Yes. You should just look at all the stuff that covers the walls of my apartment and the stack of video games [I have there].

Kelsey Kopecky collected all of the beads in Okami!

“The World’s End” The new Justin Timberlake
James Davis Staff Writer
Each member of the group gets a chance to come to grips with the mistakes of their pasts and Perhaps the greatest comedy find closure despite the imminent of the year, “The World’s End” threat of possible destruction. has certainly earned its spot on Hilarity ensues as the cast fights the shelf of great movies. From their way through hordes of alien the comedic genius that crafted robots, struggling for the last “Sean of the Dead”, Simon Pegg pint at the pub aptly named The has once again struck gold. Join World’s End. King, whose life has Gary King (played by Simon Pegg) been less than successful, comes and his team of rapscallions as to the conclusion that his past is they conquer the famed “Golden all he has to hold on to. This last Mile”. The final installment of the bit of motivation is enough for him Cornetto Trilogy brought in an to repel force the alien robots to impressive $8.7 million opening flee in fear at his unstoppable igweekend in the US, earning it the norance. Side-splitting comedy infused highest average viewings across with a hint of drama keeps “The the country. The story follows middle-aged World’s End” at an accelerated protagonist Simon King as he re- pace of pleasure. Relatable and tells his high school glory days. familiar characters keep the audiThe story climaxes at his friends’ ence begging for more as the shefirst attempt at the Golden Mile, nanigans continue. The story takes a mile-long pub crawl comprised a moment of emotional depth as COURTESY FOCUS FEATURES they look into of 12 bars. the sordid After recalllives that foling the failed lowed King’s attempt to graduation, complete but promptly this feat, returns to King begins the shallow a quest to wade pool of gather his raunchy hufour high mor to keep school pals the audience and give laughing. it another Like many of go. Despite Pegg’s films, meeting they also fosome resis“The World’s End” a side-splitting cus around tance, King comedy, guarnteed crowd pleaser. some of the uses his wit to con them into coming along. better traits of humanity. DeterThe team revisits the sleepy town mination, strength, and stupidof Newton Haven, only to find that ity are brought out, proving to be its inhabitants have all been but the main characters’ best weapon against the cold logic of alien roreplaced by alien robots. Unable to escape, the group bots. “The World’s End” is a guarfind themselves with no choices anteed crowd pleaser, and a must but to finish the Golden Mile. on every “have seen it” list.

The 20/20 Experience
Sarah Dewar Staff Writer

20/20 Experience - 2 of 2,” is expected to be one of the more popular songs on the album. The heavier beat-loaded songs are Twenty brand new songs. placed at the forefront of the alTwenty days. Experimental guitar bum. The album aptly transitions sessions. Synthesis of old and into a few slower, more thoughtnew beats. Creativity flowing from provoking songs. “Drink You studio room to studio room as Away” and “Amnesia” are two multiple songs are recording at the songs that represent this reflective same time. portion of the album. Referring Justin Timberlake returns to back to the progression of events the music scene this year with during a night out scenario, this is two albums. Almost tantalizingly COURTESY RCA RECORDS the point in time when planned to increase a past lover from a anticipation, the reconfusing break up leases are scheduled suddenly appears in just a few months the same room. With apart. “The 20/20 “Amnesia,” the lyrExperience - 1 of 2” ics are applicable to is already one of the many individual scebest selling albums narios: “Amnesia, of the year. It includes every memory fades the popular singles away till it’s gone/ “Mirrors” and “Suit Where did you go/ and Tie.” Jay-Z lends Amnesia, went from his vocals to “Suit everything to nothing/ and Tie” and also apNo we anymore, she’s pears again on the a stranger that I used second album, addto know.” ing the appropriate Unique to many amount of rap lyrics album releases in the to soulfully enhance past few years, these Timberlake”s pop artalbums include songs ist platform. much longer than the Just this week, typical allotted length Timberlake is releasfor songs. All eleven ing the second part songs on “The 20/20 of this collection, “The Justin Timberlake’s newest album “The 20/20 ExperiExperience - 2 of 2” 20/20 Experience - 2 ence” is a highly enjoyable and recommended album. of 2.” “Take Back the Night‚“is the definitely apparent while listening album are longer than four minonly single released prior to the to both albums in sequence. If the utes and thirty seconds, with the full album release. “Take Back the first album is cocktail hour, then longest song surpassing eleven Night” definitely has a retro-soul the second album is most defi- minutes. While this album is defifeel, ushering in the beginning of nitely the after-party. It is officially nitely not a quick listen, it is full of fall and the closing of summer. As time to have an amazingly incred- significance and valuable melodies that make the length an integral the song title implies, this compo- ibly time. Drake also makes a vocal ap- component of the collection as a sition encourages the prevalence of nightlife enthusiasm among the pearance in this second album. whole. Overall, this is a highly enyoung, free, and beautiful. Men “Cabaret,” the third song on “The joyable and recommended album.

and women alike can identify with the message Timberlake relates to his listeners. Timberlake appeared on “Jimmy Kimmel Live” to promote his new album as well as to reinvigorate listeners with the feeling of excitement that was sparked with the release of the first album. He observed that, “the first (album) is a little more summertime; it’s a little more virginal. The second half is just a little more....slutty.” This is

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Gregory Johnson waltzes through classes
James Davis Staff Writer
Calculus I is a standard firstyear core class at Mines and one the vast majority of students here are familiar with. For this reason, it is not surprising that many students roll their eyes when Gregory Johnson uses his famous line, “You don’t know it because I haven’t taught you yet!” What initially sounds like hubris turns out to be gentle honesty as Johnson amazes his class with a seemingly impossible equation. As the students release a sigh of realization, the professor turns towards his class with a grin on his face and asks, “How about another example?” Johnson is currently in his sixth year at the School of Mines, pursuing a graduate degree in mathematics. This grants him the unique position of being knowledgeable in his particular discipline, yet retaining the understanding of the struggles of the college student. His natural gift for numbers is apparent. Johnson said,“As far as I can remember, math and numbers have always been easy for me.” His numerical flexibility transitions well into the classroom environment. Johnson can describe mathematical functions in different ways so that every student gets the opportunity to learn. Johnson is well on his way to becoming a full-time college professor, a personal goal of his when he completes his graduate degree program. However, he is far from a one trick pony. Johnson’s mathematical skills are rivaled by his moves on the dance floor. He explains that as he was growing up, “dancing was what was happening.” As early as elementary school, Johnson explored the many facets of dance, including hip hop and Latin style dances. Once he attended Mines, he joined the local dancing community, expanding his knowledge to ballroom dance and jazz. Johnson now gives dance lessons twice a week, sharing his years of

Math and dance collide

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september 30, 2013

La Casa Alba
Hannah Rossi Staff Writer
Making its debut eight months ago, La Casa Alba has been a hit among locals. The family operated establishment on 715 Washington recently replaced Santiago’s, another local favorite who recently moved locations. The youngest son of the Alba family and manager of the restaurant, Scott, grew up in Golden. While the family boasts being in Golden for over 30 years, Scott‘s mother is originally from Mexico. Everyone knows that Colorado is not exactly a hot spot for great Mexican food. However, Casa Alba breaks the stereotype. Chiles Rellenos, Huevos Rancheros, and Chilaquiles are among the authentic Mexican dishes on the menu to feed the Mexican food craving side of Golden locals. For the less exotic, everything from bacon burritos to chicken tacos are also among the many food choices. “We like to go on Saturdays and get breakfast” explains Mines Junior, Joshua Duran Shew. Casa Alba opens at 6:30 am weekdays and Saturday to feed the urges of

“SWTOR”: Addicting fun
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
The entire world has been taken over by “League of Legends”. However, “Star Wars: The Old Republic” can definitely stand in as a substitute for LoL for those looking for a change of pace and a break from the same old video game, but perhaps not for those not wanting hard core gaming. Since “LoL” ’s inception five years ago, in 2008, and its beta version premiere a year after that, the completely free-to-play model supported by microtransactions, all anchored by highly addicting gameplay with millions of players worldwide has done its part to drastically alter the way consumers purchase video games. While virtual token economies have long existed before, where a buyer can spend some amount of real money for an equivalent amount of electronic “points” or “coins” to buy individual components of a video game, Riot Games, maker of “League of Legends,” has become massively successful through this approach. This business model now directly interjects into the spotlight of the competitive market and quickly has “The Old become the prime example of how to attract buyers. Gone are the days where gamers can only play on a several hundred dollar entertainment system while paying for each individual gaming cartridge. Now, a player can simply connect to the internet and download a fully professionally developed video game that will certainly suck the player into hours and hours of game play. At some point not too long ago in a galaxy very close, “Star Wars: the Old Republic” (“SWTOR”) joined the imperial ranks of the “Free-to-Play and optional buy in” gaming models. At its core, SWTOR is a massively multiplayer online role playing game (MMORPG or just MMO for short). MMO’s have long existed in the video game industry, where many people even outside those who play video games have heard of such big names such as “World of Warcraft.” In many aspects, “SWTOR” resembles many aspects of the typical MMO like “World of Warcraft” or “Guild Wars.” There is just one tiny, indiscreet detail that makes “SWTOR” an extremely unique experience that separates it from not just other MMO’s, but many other video games at large: it is set in the “Star Wars” universe and follows story canon. The “Star Wars” story dates back all the way to the last generation. George Lucas’ brainchild set a new precedence for the quality of the science fiction genre. Fast forward all the way to 2013, when the “Star Wars” story continues not in movies but in a video game. If anything can

experience with others. His favorite style of dance is Argentinian Ballroom, a less formal variant of the classic ballroom dance. Johnson has also expressed great interest in parkour, or the efficient use of the body to traverse objects. He trains several days a week in order to stay in shape. This, combined with his regular workout at the climbing wall, is part of his training routine for his eventual application to the American Ninja Warrior show. Johnson also shared a few trivia facts about himself. His favorite number is a modest 17. He noted that many mathematicians prefer fancier numbers such as i and e, but 17 holds a special place in his heart, as 17 was his number throughout his high school soccer career. Also, surprisingly enough, his favorite dessert is not pie, rather it is cheese cake. “It is sort of like pie,” he claimed. When he is not teaching, dancing, or just being awesome, Johnson is hard at work on his graduate degree.

its customers such as Shew. Casa Alba’s menu consists entirely of homemade recipes, explains manager Scott Alba. “It’s recipes that I grew up with. We eat them at my house all the time, just a home cooked meal,” remarked Alba when asked about the menu. Alba”s mother is the secret behind the recipes. “Mom’s cooking is supported by the entire family. We take the orders and do the clean up. But best of all, we serve you, our customers,“ the website boasts. The Casa Alba website ( occasionally posts a recipe online to get feedback on the ingredients. La Casa Alba recently started offering delivery within a five mile radius of the Washington/Highway 58 Bridge for a small fee. The open dining area offers a great place to meet or socialize while enjoying your favorite Alba dish. The restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner provides a diverse menu that hits the spot any time of the day. Golden locals looking for a home cooked authentic mexican meal should look to La Casa Alba for a pleasant experience.

character they will play, such as the heroic Jedi Knight or devious Sith Inquisitor, which ultimately determines what story the player will live through. The college student who has dreamt about following the suave path of Han Solo can do that by training as a Smuggler, or those just wanting to duke it out flailing a lightsaber can learn the ways of the Sith Warrior. One of “Star Wars” greatest attributes is the sheer grandeur of lightsaber combat. Everyone remembers the duel between Young Anakin slipping to the dark against Obi-Wan Kenobi on a volcanic planet, and for just a split-second the “SWTOR” player can feel like they themselves are wielding the awesome power of the lightsaber. Beyond the scope of feeling a part of the Star Wars universe, “SWTOR” is a relatively straightforward MMO. For those unfamiliar with the whole concept COURTESY LUCASARTS of paying a monthly subscription for a video game instead of just buying the whole game outright, MMO’s heavily reward time played and dedication. Some players will find immense satisfaction drudging through the entire game’s story, from level 1 all the way to level 55, but others looking for just Republic” a fresh break for gamers. a “quick-fix” of gambe said about “SWTOR,” it would ing will not find it here. “SWTOR” be that this game is completely costs roughly $15 a month for a story driven. Not only does the subscription, which gives full acgame feel like the player is watch- cess to all content in the game. ing a genuine “Star Wars” film, However, anyone with Winthe game actually transports the dows and internet can download gamer deep into an interactive a trial. Fifteen dollars goes to story where irreversible decisions pay for the servers. Each player have to be made. controls a unique “Star Wars” The very beginning of the game character alongside thousands poises the player right away with of other players, really lending to an important decision to make that whole phenomena of feelabout which story will unfold. ing part of an organic world. That Players get to choose from eight being said, “SWTOR” should be different “classes” that go far be- picked up by gamers willing to acyond the simple fighter and healer. cept commitment. For every hour After picking whether to ally with put into this game, an unquantifithe Republic or Sith Empire, play- able amount of enjoyment is paid ers pick the type of “Star Wars” back.

Vans still in style
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
There exists an invention so simple and innovative that it has evolved to become an integral part of not only daily life but fashion as well. Civilization has brandished shoes for almost as long as recorded history goes, so it is easy to forget something as simple as footwear can be so vital to an individual’s outward appearance and persona. The Van’s “Canvas Authentic” model of men’s shoes combines both the common utility of all-purpose shoes with elegant style. During orientation week, freshmen break into their CSM 101 sections to become acquainted with their new classmates whom they will be learning the basics of Mines alongside of. Upperclassmen certainly rue the day they had to awkwardly navigate their way through ridiculous ice breakers. One of these ice breakers is known as the shoe game. Playing the shoe game is easy enough, with the rules being as complex as any other party game. In the small group of ten or so standing in a circle, every player removes one of his or her shoes and tosses it into the center of the ring of people and puts the other shoe behind them. Afterwards, players randomize their position in the circle so no one is standing next to where their actual shoes are. The first player picks up a shoe of his or her choosing then verbally describes the personality of the owner based on nothing but the type and quality of the shoe alone.

La Casa Alba offers home cooked mexican for all tastes.

After psychoanalyzing the anonymous owner, the guesser makes his or her best attempt at figuring who the shoe actually belongs to, going until the guesser picks right. Humans subconsciously notice every single small detail, from the hair on top of a girl’s head right down to the shoes on people’s feet, even if they do not give that much thought into it. Rugged tennis shoes probably indicate a physically active person who loves outdoor activities, while delicate flip-flops show off a relaxed and easygoing personality. The Van’s Canvas Authentic emanate an aura of wanting the best of both worlds of comfort and style. Moderately priced at $50, the Canvas Authentic is comprised of textile cloth equipped with a waffle rubber sole and is available in a variety of colors. The shoe is specifically designed for skateboarding, but other functional uses of the shoes include looking good in school, going out to the mall to hang out, and even just traveling on the go. The Mines Ballroom Dance Club actually recommends Vans for dancing, and they have proved themselves fitting for getting into the groove of Swing among other dance styles. The best part of the Canvas Authentic shoe model is they are very comfortable and frankly they just look cool, though with that in mind, do be aware that while they can survive normal wear and tear, they do not fare well in bad weather. With thoughtful care these shoes can keep the average engineer at the top of the goodlooking pyramid.”

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Benjamin Elliott Staff Writer

Oredigger Fiction Column Red Eye
make some tough decisions concerning which teachers would stay and who would be out of a job. The administration ended up making salary cuts and dropping some of the staff, which meant more work for those who remained. Badger, being a fairly small town to begin with, could afford to increase class sizes, so the change wasn’t as drastic as it otherwise could have been. Still, I felt the brunt of the increased workload. I was never somebody who enjoyed excessive work. If it had a tangible purpose, I understood it; I even encouraged myself to partake in it, but never enjoyed it. So the increased workload I experienced was not welcome. Understand that as an educator, I felt an obligation to each student passing briefly through my classes to present the ideas they were learning as clearly as possible, to invigorate their minds to the utmost. I decided to teach out of idealism, and hoped that my students would learn to think not only with the cynicism and ‘realism’ that pervaded our daily lives, but with some form of the same hopeful optimism. This ideal is, of course, one that takes effort, and more students meant more stress for me. This time was something of a focused, harried one, and I didn’t focus on the disease while the media and doomsayers spoke of cataclysm. Our town got the disease late, which was in a way a blessing and a curse. Perhaps the size of the town, the infrequency of visitors, contributed. While we had few sleepers in the early days, we also remained naïve of the ways society was changing outside of our town. Some people had been paying attention to national news, and had an inkling of just how things had changed for the worse, but I remained in the dark. I used to read newspapers, or at least surf the web, but in those days, my workload prevented me from anything more than a cursory glance at world events. My later mental state was certainly a product of those days, before my students began to fall asleep as well. But that’s jumping ahead, so in order to avoid getting ahead of myself, allow me to backtrack once more. The world outside of Badger, frantically hurrying to combat the disease, created teams to fight it. Most were focused on merely reversing the effects, the damage. They all failed; for all intents and purposes, the sleepers were vegetables. Some of the more reasonable teams looked at vaccination, hoping to save those who hadn't contracted the disease yet. Still, those attempts usually only ended in more sleeping test subjects. For the sleeping beauties of the world, there was no prince forthcoming. Then, about five months after the outbreak was really noticed, a team working on stimulants came across a formula that could prevent the user from falling asleep. Not only with regards to the eternal sleep, but any kind of sleep. After some refinement, they “perfected” it to mitigate the fatigue from staying awake. Simulated sleep, in pill form. Countries around the world declared it a godsend. They began to mass produce it as soon as they could. Everyone had the chance to have it, and everybody used it. They called it Red Eye. In Badger, we didn't think we would ever need the drug; the town was the sort that eschewed unnecessary things, enjoyed sleep, and hated change... and besides, no sleepers had appeared yet. Not until Danny Kirkland, a fifth grader, went, and others started falling in heaps. The mood of the town changed overnight. Everyone stopped sleeping. The hospitals set up life support for the sleepers, and everyone pitched in to keep them alive and comfortable. At the time, hopes were still high for an absolute cure. We were the losing team, sure, but a comeback was never off our minds. This isn't exactly a new story, is it? It's what happened, but seemed to follow all of the conventions of diseasebased apocalypse. Which is to say, more people fell asleep than replaced them. We were losing alright. It was, at this time, that the commission organized to distribute the drug, the Consciousness Preservation Commission, came to town. They were largely funded off of taxes, but also took donations from those who felt obliged to give. They came to my door, asking if I had anything to “help the sleepers”. I gave them ten dollars the first time. The second time I waved them off. The third time I didn't even open the door, and they stopped coming after that. Epiphanies don't always happen all at once. They can come gradually. Not sleeping gives a special kind of epiphany, where one begins to mix dreams and reality, until one is both awake and asleep, all the time. While Red Eye mitigated some of the fatigue one gets without sleep, it couldn't entirely replace it, so everyone who hadn't fallen asleep was still always tired, always distracted. Memories became more difficult to hold onto. Thoughts mixed and jumped unpredictably. Still, people managed. They held on. And here's the thing about epiphanies, man, they aren't all that satisfying. I mean, at first, of course, you get that rush, and you know something new, something that nobody else knows, and you get psyched. But it's like recognizing a big name actor in some film nobody knew they were in- knowing the actor isn't all that notable. Nobody cares. You know it, but it doesn't make you a part of the movie. You're still just watching. You aren't a part of that incestuous circle of filmographic caricatures. And you can choose to interrupt the movie and annoy your fellow viewers by pointing out the trivia, or just shut up and carry that baby to your grave. Epiphanies are nothing. And everybody was hurting, and feeling good about surviving, and feeling better about having those half-baked epiphanies, and none of it was remotely satisfying in the end, after the thrill was gone. So the way it went, I taught my class as the number of students dwindled. I need not describe every face as they passed out, sometimes individually, sometimes en masse, but always towards the same end goal. Children are often, if not always, less disciplined than adults, and it was easy to miss a dose of Red Eye. Sometimes they fell asleep in class, and it was never so tragic as when you knew they would never wake up. I took my daily dose, but staying awake did not keep me employed. Two months after Red Eye was released, school was canceled. The kids were all snoozing. We would have no new researchers, at least from Badger. And I would have no more money after my savings ran out. Despite being thrifty with what I had, finitude balks in the face of decline. I had to find a way to get more money, but nobody was hiring, especially in a place as small as Badger. I offered my services to every place in town. I even went as far as Galena, and passed over the state border to Carl Junction, but the story was the same, and I only ended up with a little less gasoline. Eventually I stopped going anywhere, and the rest of the world stopped coming to Badger. Except for the CPC. I invested in some seeds to see if I could grow my own food. I terminated my electricity, canceled my newspaper. I had no news, except what I could bum off of others. Sustainability seemed within reach. Except, I needed Red Eye, like everybody, and it cost fifty dollars for a fifteen pill box. That was enough to make it just over a week, while playing it safe. For someone my weight, two a day was “safe”. One day, feeling especially apathetic about my prospects, I only took one. I stayed awake, though the fatigue was worse. So I started doing that. But even that couldn't last forever. Until the plants grew, I would have to continue buying food. I got the cheapest stuff I could find, and used an old wood stove to cook it. Rice and beans, mostly, with occasional greens and citrus fruits to avoid malnourishment. I couldn't hunt, and was too much of an animal sympathizer to consider it seriously. It was bare bones. I was having hourly epiphanies, and decided in that common form of cowardice to keep them to myself. Some of them appear in my journal, some have never left my mind. You see where this is going. Eventually, I had forty dollars and no remaining Red Eye. I had few options left. And I could have sworn I had been seeing things at this time, when I chose to write, because I saw exactly what was going to happen to me for the rest of the day following and where I would end up. I do not know if I can prove its reality, at least, not here, but it was a true premonition. Like all epiphanies, it fills me with wonder, and then dull dread. But in the off chance it was not merely a fever dream caused by my debilitated mental state, a record of having known it before it occurred is contained in the following. Rumor had it that the old dance hall, a little out of town and by now long abandoned, had been repurposed for gambling. Initially, it had just been gambling for cash, but as I found it, it had grown into something of a casino for the miracle drug. I, out of Red Eye, was invited by a sanitation worker I was acquaintances with to come by for a chance to retain consciousness. I agreed to visit the casino, which had been created under the

In the distant future Nobody can break an addiction until they decide that they want to be unhappy. I have lived in fear for three years. The reasons for this fear will become self-evident, and you likely know them if you live in this time, but first I need to explain who I am. My name is Mark Lehrer, a third grade teacher in the town of Badger, on the edge of Kansas by Missouri. It’s a small town in the most traditional sense, and before the long day we now find ourselves a part of, it used to be a nice place to live. We had some of the lowest crime rates in the state. The land is as flat as you might expect, the sky is open and wide. There was a time when this town was shrinking, after the turn of the century, but some attention came back to the town in the form of land developers, and surprisingly enough the town grew. Enough to build a new school, at least, which was finished a little before I got my teaching degree. That’s how I moved to Badger. I don’t know whether I’ll ever get the chance to move away, not that it would help. After I had been teaching for four years, people started getting sick. Everyone got it, and everyone seemed to be fine at first. The doctors explained that it was a weak pathogen, highly infectious but mostly harmless. The ATCC captured the culture for study, and epidemiologists spent their time guessing at how the disease could spread and mutate. It was a simple enough strain; the virus gave the infected a short runny nose, followed by a cough and rash. It seemed close enough to the common cold that if it hadn’t been for how widespread it was, nobody would have even noticed it was any different. And then people started to fall asleep. It hit everyone at different times, with no discernible rhyme or reason. The scientists working on the disease had no forthcoming answers on why people were falling asleep; they only noticed that the victims, which included among their number a few fellow researchers, had lowered levels of acetylcholine and spasmodic brain activity. They tried to keep their concerns to themselves while they looked for a cure, but as people began to drop like flies, the general public became aware that something was deeply wrong. People everywhere were entering comas, and not just those who would be expected to due to concussion or trauma. They fell asleep, as usual, in their usual place in their own homes, and failed to wake up. The sickness that swept the world may have been reason to be afraid for most, but even as I heard the rumors, I was not greatly concerned by its progress. No, it was the aftermath of the sickness, the sickness with no end in sight, which kept me up at night. At the time when people began to fall asleep, there were some unrelated concerns over the school budget. Like most towns in Kansas at the time, Badger had been feeling the brunt of shaky fiscal policy, and we were forced to

table by what I had described to me as “powerful men”. I went out equal parts desperation and resignation. I wasn't sure why of all people a sanitation worker was helping me; I hadn't showered in days. The guy came by to get me while the sun was setting, and we set off for the dance hall. We reached the door, guarded by a stocky man I recognized as the gas station clerk. He let me in, while the sanitation worker stayed outside. I was brought to a table with six chairs, each with two Red Eye pills placed on a plate. Two men and a woman were already seated. “Entrance fee is thirty,” I was told from behind a curtain, and I offered the requisite price. It was taken roughly, and a chair was pulled out for me. In the next hour two more people, a man and a woman, came through the door, each taking a place at the table. “Each of these pills are full Red Eye doses, and you are to take them now.” Nobody had even touched the pills yet, but now that permission was given, everyone took them hungrily, including myself. After consuming the pills, the clerk from outside handcuffed each of us to our chairs. Our narrator continued. “You may recognize me as the mayor of Badger, and I thank you for coming tonight. Desperate times call for desperate measures, and when there is not enough to feed everyone, individuals must be sacrificed for the greater good. This first dose places you all on an even playing field. Of the money collected from all six of you, a third that is, sixty dollars, will go to the winner of the competition, while the house retains the rest. Those who fall asleep have lost the competition. All of you shall remain seated until only one conscious player remains. Good luck, and we will observe you carefully.“ That voice was not the voice of the mayor of Badger. The mayor of Badger had fallen asleep a week ago. Nonetheless, if he was in control of a local supply of Red Eye, then he may as well have been president of the country. We began to wait as the plates were removed. None of us talked at first, knowing that some of those at the table would likely end up dead. Functionally dead, at least. Brain dead. Dreaming forever, until even dreams stopped. After one of the men at the table fell asleep, one of the others breathed a sigh of relief. “Glad that wasn't me,” he said. The ice having been broken, it was clear for us to speak. Until one of the women spoke: “You know, it's better not to talk. You're keeping everyone else engaged, awake, if you talk.” “But you're keeping yourself awake too,” the other woman said. “It's still a level playing field.” “I guess.” Despite the barrier having been opened, a few minutes passed silently, during which the first woman and another of the men fell asleep too. There were three of us left. I thought I was starting to see flickering shadows playing at the corners of the room, but I couldn't see what was casting them. Continued on page 10 at Red Eye

w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t

Red Eye
Benjamin Elliott Staff Writer
Continued from Red Eye, page 9. “You know,”, the remaining man said, “we’re handcuffed to these chairs.” “So?” I said. “What reason does the house have to honor the agreement, and get a pill to the final contestant? None. It would be a waste of an extra pill or two.” “They gave us the first few,” the woman pointed out. “Yeah, but they still make up their losses in entrance fees. If we got here and didn’t see the pills on the plates, do you think any of us would have let ourselves be handcuffed?” The woman blanched. I did too, internally. He was right. I was going to die here. We all were. “They can hear us, you know,” I half whispered. “So what? Not like we can get out of here. We’ve already lost.” A few more minutes went by. The woman fell asleep, head lolling to one shoulder. Then, about five minutes later, the other man did too. Perhaps living with more fatigue than your average Joe had inoculated me somewhat, or perhaps I just got lucky, but I was the only one still awake. And nobody came for me. And it was here that I remembered something I had heard of on television. A way to get out of handcuffs, by dislocating one’s own thumbs. I had small hands to begin with, so I figured I’d try it. It took about three minutes to get the bravery to actually do it though, and I started to feel my eyes drooping. I blinked and saw something scamper under the table and out the doorway. Too quickly

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f e a t u r e s

september 30, 2013

“Star Wars: Blood Ties” a must for Fett fans
Jordan Francis Staff Writer
Boba Fett is one of the most popular and iconic characters in the “Star Wars” movies, despite the fact that he does not receive very much screen time in the series. Perhaps this is because of his father and their obvious visual ties to the Mandalorians, the infamous fan-favorites of the “Star Wars” Expanded Universe. Perhaps it is the mystery surrounding his presence in the movies and the fact that he has enough gadgets and resourcefulness to make even Batman jealous, or maybe it is simply because Fett’s appearances are too brief to be screwed up by any of Lucas’s past (or Disney’s possible future) modifications to the films. Whatever the reason, most “Star Wars” fans cannot seem to get enough of the bounty hunter who scares even the mighty Han Solo and, as a result, Fett is a popular character for “Star Wars” writers to explore and expand upon. “Star Wars: Blood Ties” collects issues #1 - #4 of “Star Wars: Blood Ties – Jango and Boba Fett” published by Dark Horse Comics and continues the long-standing tradition of slightly expanding one of the most feared and respected bounty hunters in the galaxy. The story begins with Boba remembering some of the time he spent with his father, Jango, before the events of “Attack of the Clones.” Jango receives a mission to eliminate a man Count Dooku perceives as a threat. Jango accepts and brings Boba along on the mission. Jango allows his son to try to snipe their target, but when the mystery man dodges, Jango engages the target directly to finish him off. To his shock, Jango learns that the man is one of his own clones who ran away from the still-forming Republic army. Jango shoots and kills the man and then sees the man’s wife and son, whose name is Connor Freeman. Jango refuses to answer any of the woman’s questions, but leaves her and the boy alive. He returns to Boba, who has seen nothing of what has just transpired between his father and his target, and leaves the planet, obviously disturbed by what has happened. He promises Boba that they will talk about what happened later, but (spoiler alert for those who have not seen “Attack of the Clones”) Jango is killed in the Battle of Geonosis before he and Boba get the chance to discuss the events of that mission. Many years later, when Boba has grown up and taken up his father’s profession as another intimidating and effective bounty hunter, he is told that a crime lord named Tayand has placed a bounty on Freeman for gambling debts, though Fett is not at this time aware of the connection between Freeman and his own father. However, when Boba learns that Jango had set up an inheritance fund for Freeman prior to his own death, Fett takes the job. The comic cuts to Freeman in a bar, where he shoots and kills another bounty hunter without even looking before being caught by Boba Fett. Fett encounters some resistance from a group called the League of Bounty Hunters whose members want to steal Freeman and claim his bounty for themselves. Fett quickly dispatches the group and recaptures Freeman. When Freeman revives, Fett reveals not only that the inheritance fund was set up by Jango, not Freeman’s father as Connor had previously thought, but also that he was the one who initially shot Connor’s father. Furious, they begin to fight each other and as a result miss the arrival of the remnants of the League of Bounty Hunters. The two remaining members manage to grab Freeman and shoot Fett without checking to make sure he is dead before taking off to claim the bounty. When the League arrives on Tayand’s planet, Connor manages to kill one of the members before Fett swoops in to reclaim Freeman. Before Fett takes him to Tayand, Freeman manages to explain that the bounty exists because he went gambling to increase the inheritance he thought his dad had left him, intending to multiply his father’s legacy. He won against Tayand, who, unaccustomed to losing, declared Connor to be a cheater and put a bounty on his head. Fett turns Connor in, but then offers to pay Freeman’s debt. Tayand, however, is more interested in making Connor suffer than he is in getting the money. In a desperate move, Freeman puts a bounty of three credits on Tayand, which Fett accepts. Fett makes short work of Tayand and he and Freeman fight their way past the remaining thugs. Once they have taken out everybody in the lair, Connor gathers up as much of Tayand’s money as he can hold and he and Boba part ways, both still “trying to make a dead man proud.” This comic is an interesting piece of work. One could make the argument that it is mostly riding the coattails of the ever-profitable popularity of Boba Fett and, to some extent, that is true. However, it is still an enjoyable comic in its own right. Stories that explore the unique father-son relationship between Jango and Boba as well as those which focus on the balance between Boba’s identities as Jango’s clone and the man he has chosen to be tend to be very interesting. The little moments and details are definitely the best parts of this story, from the revealing and often entertaining ways that characters react to the mere presence of Jango or Boba to the snide remarks Connor makes throughout the story whenever he finds himself in a somewhat hopeless situation. The art is unique and worth mentioning. It tends to focus largely on hues and reflections of light with emphasis on glows and colors on the characters and backgrounds. The characters’ faces and other more personal details are not blurry by any means, but they are not particularly well-defined either. The focus in this art definitely lies more

to identify. And without making a sound. I was not yet dreaming, but imagining as if I were whilst awake. I was hallucinating. I forced my thumbs against the arms of the chair, until I heard a popping noise and lancing pain in my hands. That woke me up a bit. I was, surprisingly enough, able to slip free of the chair. I staggered to my feet, and walked from the former discotheque casino. I stepped out onto the road, where the sun was setting. Wasn’t the sun setting when I had entered the building? It had not been a whole day, had it? It could not have been. I walked, dragged myself along the dusty road back to the main town. The road passed alongside some neighborhoods, I remembered, and I could probably stop at one of the houses that had not already been abandoned for help. How many people were left in Badger? Not many... were there? As I neared the town, I heard it before I saw it. Loud machinery. As I came closer, I saw it. Or them, really. Giant machines, the size of mountains, rolling along the road before coming to each house, and crushing them like giant trash compactors. The setting sun cast them in silhouette, their monolithic shadows, a wonderful and terrible sight, across the roads to me. They moved like living beings, consuming the houses. These were the apex predators of humans. On their sides were painted the letters CPC. Each a ferocious beast of their species, and cleaning the remaining refuse of mine own from what was now their world. Twas an eldritch sight. The houses, one by one, were becoming scrap material. I fell to my knees, and knew at last, that I was dreaming.

Blue skies are calling in “The First Days of Spring”
Despite being a strong album, it has a few glitches. The John Cusack quote, “Did I listen to pop music because I was miserable? As autumn begins, it may not Or was I miserable because I lisseem ideal to review an album tened to pop music?” from “High titled “The First Days of Spring” Fidelity” applies well for the albut given that good music is ideal bum. Surely the album is great for any time of the year, this aspira listen once or twice in a short ing concept album by Noah and period of time, but any more than the Whale deserves a look over. that and a special form of music Every album has a niche to fill, COURTESY MERCURY misery begins to set in. if done correctly. “Sgt. The album can also be Peppers Lonely Hearts a tad pretentious and Club Band” by The experimental from time Beatles is perfect for a to time in a way that is day that is just absurd exemplified by modern enough to be barely indie bands. abnormal, “Megalithic Even though the alSymphony” by last bum is older, having year’s E-Days headbeen released in 2009, liner AWOLNATION is “The First Days of perfect when an elecSpring” still holds up aftric enthusiastic jolt is ter nearly half a decade. needed, and any album For the ambitious, the by Explosions in the whole album has a Sky sets the tone for a concept video, which deeply moving experican be viewed for free ence. “The First Days online. While it may be of Spring” is by far one a bit less powerful than of the most dramatithe music itself, and cally perfect break-up anyone watching it will albums of all time. It surely be labeled as a starts with the bleary consistency of a de- Noah and the Whale a strong album but some- hipster, it still has its place. jected hungover morn- times pretentious and experimental. Overall, for an album ing and builds towards an unsurpassed hope that the far is “Blue Skies” which almost with a purpose, “The First Days future will be better than the past. compresses the message of the of Spring” fills its purpose as a Along the way there are moments whole album down to an all too direct connection with the lisshort four minutes and eight sec- tener rather than the artist telling of regret, joy, and acceptance. If none of that serves as a sell- onds. That message refines to the listener a story. For those in ing point to anyone but the most something along the lines of, “it need of the message told by the broken-hearted, the album as a may not get better now, but there album, it comes more than recommended. whole is also musically inspiring. will come a time when it will be.”

John Bristow Staff Writer

Many of the tracks, while meant to be played one after another, can serve as individual singles. Without the context of the album as a whole, the songs can represent a whole wide array of emotion, ranging from the unsurpassed upbeat joy of “Love of an Orchestra” to the desolate sadness of “I Have Nothing.” The best song on the entire album by

in general ideas and symbols, reflecting the comic’s emphasis on legacies passed on through bloodlines and actions from the past. It is a bit of an odd style and the strange factor of it is often noticeable but rarely distracting. Additionally, it is always a pleasure to learn more about the relationship between Boba and his father and the few pages at the beginning which cover Jango’s training for Boba are no exception. The scene, which involves Jango forcing young Boba to steal a tooth from a gigantic creature whose teeth are about the same size as the boy, goes from terrible and horrifying to actually somewhat touching as the reader realizes the strange but definite way in which Jango cares for his son. The comic makes it clear that Boba returns this odd affection even after his father’s death, showing at the end that to this day, Boba still collects teeth from monsters that he faces. Overall, this is an enjoyable story that should interest casual “Star Wars” fans who only know Boba Fett from the movies as well as die-hard Fett fans who know what material his armor is made out of (beskar iron, for the curious). It may have some appeal even to those who are not normally fans of typical “Star Wars” stories, as this comic does not contain many references to the movies or much of the rest of the better-known parts of “Star Wars.” It is not a must-have story, but it is definitely worth a read for any who can get their hands on it.

w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t

september 30, 2013

Men’s CC on top Volleyball comes out even
Jared Riemer Content Manager
Last weekend, the Colorado School of Mines cross country teams used their three weeks of training since their last meet to run past the competition. With races in both Boulder, Colorado and Palo Alto, California, the weekend proved successful for both the men’s and women’s teams. The women’s team finished sixth out of eleven teams at the Stanford Invitational. The No. 6 ranked men’s team finished first out of sixteen non-Division I one teams at the Stanford invitational and second out of seven non-DI teams at the Rocky Mountain Shootout in Boulder, Colorado. The top five finishers for the lady Orediggers were junior Chloe Gustafson, sophomores Nicole deMontigny and Ann Miller, and freshmen Hanna Barringer and Whitney Schultz. On the way to their sixth place finish (score of 153), the women’s team beat the No. 24 ranked California State Stanislaus team as well as conference foe Fort Lewis (185). Gustafson led the way for Mines with her fifth place finish amongst the non Division I teams, completing the 6k distance in a time of 22:38. DeMontigny and Miller finished 13 (60) and 38 (123) respectively in times of 23:10 and 24:06; while Barringer and Schultz finished in 47 (153) and 50 (162) in times of 24:33 and 24:47 respectively to round out the team score for Mines. Of the 28 Division I and non-Division I teams at the Stanford Invitational, the Oredigger men beat all but Stanford, while claiming the non-Division I title with 38 points and, finishing first out of the 16 teams beating the No. 4 ranked, in Division II, Chico State team (42 team points). Derek Alcorn (junior) and Andrew Epperson (senior) set the pace by completing 8k course in times of 25:04 and 25:10 to place thirteenth and fourteenth overall. To round out the team scoring, Marty Andrie (sophomore), Phil Schneider (junior), and Drew Kerschieter (sophomore) finished 24, 26, and 29 with times of 25:31, 25:38, and 25:40. Also racing for the men were Frank Socha, Paul Geimer, Joe Bourgeois, and Andrew Chumich who finished 34, 80, 84, and 119 out of the 243 runners, with times of 25:51, 26:29, 26:32, and 27:02 respectively. At CU, the Orediggers had eight runners in the top 20, finishing 8, 9, 11, 12, 16, 17, and 19, and losing only to conference foe Western State. Finishing in eighth, Nathaniel Williams (red-shirt freshman) paced the team on the muddy 8k course in a time of 27:18. Ryan Bull (junior), red-shirt freshmen, Seth Topper, Dan Mahoney, and Kit Mayer rounded out the top five for Mines. Their times for the race were 27:34 (9), 27:44 (11), 27:47 (12), and 28:18 (16) respectively. The next race for both teams is this weekend at the Roadrunner Invitational hosted by fellow RMAC team, Metro State.

s p o r t s
Chris Robbins Staff Writer

page 11

The 17th ranked Lady Orediggers volleyball team hit the road this weekend to take on two conference foes on back-to-back nights, falling 3-1 to Metro State on Friday and winning 3-1 at Regis on Saturday. Coming into Friday night‘s match, Mines was riding a seven match winning streak, and looked to extend that streak with a win over the Metro State Roadrunners. However, Metro State showed up ready to defend their home court, which they did in one of the more competitive matches of the year. Mines grabbed an early 9-5 lead in the first game. Metro State fought back and took the opening game in extra points, 29-27. Mines rebounded strong with a solid 2520 second game win, but lost the third in another long-fought 27-25 struggle in which neither team ever led by more than three points. Needing to take the fourth

A victorious homecoming
Chris Robbins Staff Writer
The Oredigger football team gave a strong showing in front of Golden’s largest home crowd of the season, defeating the New Mexico Highlands University Cowboys 30-10 in the 2013 Homecoming Game. The Mines defense got the action started early with an interception by Tyler Denson less than five minutes into the first quarter. This gave reigning National Offensive Player of the Week, Matt Brown, and the offense the ball already in Cowboy territory, and within three minutes that great field position was converted into three points on a 34-yard Avery Llewellyn field goal. A quick three-and-out forced by the defense led to Brown and the offense starting with great field position once again, this time at the Mines 40-yard line. The New Mexico Highlands defense seemed to have no answer for the Orediggers on this possession as Brown marched the team down the field on a methodical 12-play drive, punching the ball in himself from the two-yard line. After the Mines defense forced the Cowboys offense off of the field in less than a minute, Brown led the Orediggers on another long drive down the field ending in a 17-yard strike to Diamond Gillis, giving Mines the 17-0 edge early in the second quarter. Tyler Denson and the defense came up big again on New Mexico Highlands’ next drive, with Denson once again intercepting a pass deep in Cowboy territory. Just over three minutes later, Avery Llewellyn sent a 35-yard kick through the goalposts to give Mines the 20-0 lead. Yet another Cowboy threeand-out gave the ball back to the Mines offense, and two minutes later Brown hooked up with Gillis again for a 32-yard touchdown. The Orediggers went into the locker room at halftime and seemed to have the game all but wrapped up, leading 27-0. New Mexico Highlands received the ball to start the second half and wasted little time in getting themselves on the scoreboard, scoring a one yard touchdown run and cutting the Oredigger lead to 20. Mines responded with their own strong drive, going

game to keep the match and the streak going, the Orediggers fell behind 7-3 early and never recovered, dropping the game 25-23. Even in defeat, Mines played remarkably well as four players finished the match with doubledigit kills, including 19 by reigning RMAC offensive player of the week Melanie Wannamaker (also Alanna Winfield-14, Sarah Pekarek-14, and Samantha Fischer-10). Defensively, four more players contributed double digit digs (Danielle Johnson-Hazlewood-12, Hannah Margheim-12, Corrine Din-12, and Taryn Huber-11). Looking to rebound from Friday’s loss, Mines then took on #22 Regis University Saturday night and emerged victorious 3-1. Regis stole the first game of the match after jumping out to a quick 9-5 lead, but the Orediggers responded in the second game with an astounding comeback to seize momentum for themselves. Down 21-17 late in the game, Mines rattled off eight straight points to

take the game 25-21. The third game found the Orediggers in a similar situation down 17-14, and once again they broke out a late 11-3 run to steal the third set and take a 2-1 lead in the match. Regis gave Mines a scare late in the fourth game, as they almost managed to pull off a late five-point comeback of their own to force a decisive fifth set, but critical kills by Winfield and Wannamaker gave Mines the game 26-24 and the match 3-1. Wannamaker and Winfield topped the charts offensively for the Orediggers in this match with 19 and 18 kills respectively, plus an additional 15 from Sarah Pekarek. Pekarek also contributed 11 digs defensively to go along with Cassie Vick’s 14 and Hannah Margheim’s 19. Mines will have a few days off before hitting the court again here in Golden on Tuesday, October 1st against Johnson & Wales University. That game kicks off at 7pm in Lockridge Arena.

Men’s soccer stumbles
Jared Riemer Content Manager
On Friday night, in front of a large and soggy homecoming crowd, the ninth ranked Colorado School of Mines men’s soccer team was upset 3-2 by Colorado Christian University (2-6-0, 1-3-0 RMAC). Mines (4-1-1, 2-1-0 RMAC) allowed only seven shots on the night (five on goal), but surrendered two goals in the final 7:03 of the game to fall to CCU. Mines controlled play early in the first half, taking eight shots in the first 20 minutes of the game. In the twenty-eighth minute, Mines finally converted one of their opportunities when senior Baski Baker scored from 13 yards out thanks to a Tesho Akindele pass following a breakaway. In the thirty-seventh minute, CCU tied the game up at one apiece with a penalty kick after an inadvertent handball in the box by the Orediggers. The score going into the half

Mines tops Regis
Jared Riemer Content Manager
The thirteenth ranked Colorado School of Mines women’s soccer team defeated the defending regular season RMAC champs Regis Jesuit, 2-1 in a soggy homecoming game Friday night. The lady Orediggers received goals from freshman Anna Deleray and senior Anna Evans to erase an early deficit and seal the win. All of the scoring occurred in the first half. Just over two minutes in, Meghan Stuart of Regis scored the first goal of the night, only the second goal Mines has allowed all year. The lead was short lived, though, as Deleray scored just one minute and thirty-two seconds later, knocking home a lofted free kick from senior

was 1-1. The first 35 minutes of the second stanza were rather uneventful compared to the last 10 minutes of the game. With the score still tied at one, CCU took the lead in the eightythird minute with a shot from 30 yards out. Less than a minute later, the Orediggers tied the game up at 2-2 thanks to an Akindele header off the post, from a corner kick (assisted by Jared Herselman). The tie was short lived, however. CCU shocked Mines in the eighty-eighth minute when Bryce Fosdick netted the game winner when he knocked home a rebound from a CCU free kick. The Orediggers lost despite outshooting CCU 29-7 and taking 15 corner kicks to none by Colorado Christian. CCU had 11 fouls for the game and Mines had eight. The loss by Mines was their first loss in the last 21 games between Mines and CCU.

54 yards down the field to set up a 23-yard Llewellyn field goal. The Cowboys came back on their next possession and added a field goal of their own, making the score 3010 in favor of Mines. This would wind up being the final score as both teams’ respective defenses would dominate the rest of the day, with neither team able to put up any points in the final 20:25 of the game. After last week’s record-setting performance, quarterback Matt Brown produced great, yet much less impressive numbers this week with 175 passing yards, 76 rushing yards, and three total touchdowns. Receiver Diamond Gillis caught both of Brown’s touchdown passes in the game, plus two more receptions for 60 total receiving yards on the day. Defensively, Tyler Denson had a standout day, amassing 16 total tackles and two key interceptions that both resulted in points for Mines. The Orediggers will hit the road next weekend to take on the Western New Mexico University Mustangs in Silver City, New Mexico. That game will kickoff at 1:30 p.m.

Kelsey Neal from 18 yards out to tie the game at one apiece. In the thirtieth minute, Evans received a penalty kick for a foul in the box and subsequently netted herself the game winner. The score at the half was 2-1 in favor of the home team, and the final score was also 2-1, thanks to superb second half defense. The lady Orediggers outshot Regis 18-5 and kept Regis from registering a shot in the second half. Goalie Jayln Yates (sophomore) needed to make only two saves on the night to grab the win. The early deficit was the first time Mines had trailed in a game this year. Mines had 12 fouls compared to only six by Regis. Next up for the Orediggers is New Mexico Highlands at home this Friday October, 4 at 7 pm.

Mines pleased the crowd on Saturday’s Homecoming game, defeating NM Highlands 30-10.

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c r o s s w o r d
ACROSS 1 Language spoken in American city by native Norwegian? (7) 5 What Flaubert’s topless Madame does regularly (7) 9 Old Roman money houses (5) 10 Two articles about the digestion, mostly, of lowest order of insects (9) 11 Main route for vessel (6) 12 Geometry of the Earth, for example, is static (8) 14 The end of Pilgrim’s Progress (5) 15 The key to understanding God is held in Sanskrit philosophical treatise (9) 18 Academic terms for selenium meso-compounds (9) 20 Avifauna in a Cornish habitat (5) 22 Reduce as much as possible the payment on the car (8) 24 The centre of Verona, with pairs of Corinthian columns, displays this architectural style (6) 26 Lawyers go into metal storage building (5-4) 27 Time for the heartless politician to find love (5)

september 30, 2013
 DOWN 1 Nasty, smug criminal has eye trouble (9) 2 Tyneside academic gets most of the credit for description of molecular arrangement (7) 3 Rose garden not unknown to Scotsman and Pole, if they are these (9) 4 Sleep soundly by hillock (4) 5 Is in conversation to Lord too much? (10) 6 Edict puts a thousand back into employment (5) 7 I throw up into powdered remains of fire axe (7) 8 Snakes endlessly glide away (5) 13 Place in Victoria’s country? (10) 16 Oxygen intake has so developed in algae (9) 17 D. Brown perhaps is brought in - to spoil Hugh, we hear (9) 19 To get to Lizard Point I go in the car (7) 21 Most reckon to turn up before Mother makes the fish sauce (4,3) 22 Missouri model provided the design (5) 23 Oddly, monkey is superior to me in capacity for memory! (5) 25 Lop off ends (4)

28 Avert goal after penalty - but tie unfortunately is lost (7) 29 One with a distant ideal, like Martin Luther King? (7)

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