1. http://www.nature.com/news/green-cement-concrete-solutions-1.12460 a.

Carbon footprint by half reduction and how concrete produces the co2 into the atmosphere. b. Eight minutes or so that it took to read this article, cement-makers dumped another 30,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere( Do the calculation per minute or annually ) 2. http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gp/bgp/3_1_Cement_Production.pdf a. 2.4 percent of the global CO2 emissions will take place from industrial and energy resources 3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080442761501574 a. 5% of the total emissions which take place b. 900 Kg of CO2 is produced for every 1000 Kg of cement c. 14 regions of the world d. 10 companies are under the scrutiny for the same reason 4. http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2012/05/09/emissions-from-the-cement-industry/ a. Direct: From calcinations process limestone b. Indirect: From heating fossil fuels for the calcinations 5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofuel a. About biofuel 6. http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/biofuel-profile/ a. Environmental effects of the prolong usage of the fossil fuels The cement production accounts for 5% of overall air pollution in the world. Biofuels: Cement production amounts for 5% of the world’s air pollution. During the calcinations process, clinker various physical and chemical changes and it is subjected to different temperatures and processes. As cement subjected with so many changes, it tends to mix with air in the atmosphere and Carbon dioxide is emitted. For every 1000 Kg of cement produced approximately 900 Kilograms of Carbon dioxide is emitted into the atmosphere. On an average 3750 Kilograms of Carbon dioxide is produced per minute by the cement industry. However the direct emissions are caused by the calcinations process in manufacturing cement and indirect emissions caused by heating the fossil fuels for manufacturing of cement. In addition, Dependency on the fossil fuels has largely increased in past few decades. Environmental effects caused by the fossil fuels are terrific. However, few byproducts produced during the extraction of the fossil fuels can be replaced by natural sources. There has been extensive research on these areas to find the best and suitable alternative for replacing the fossil fuel by product by natural source of fuel. Moreover, Carbon dioxide emission from the fossil fuels is increasing at a rapid rate. There is urgent need to curb this increase. Hence the natural sources are looked up as the best alternatives for the fossil fuels. Moreover, by replacing cement with natural glue, we can reduce the carbon foot print by half.

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