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SURFA CE VEHICL E RECOMMENDED PRA CTICE

J 2340

ISSUED OCT1999

Categ or ization and Properties of Dent Resistant, Hig h Str eng th , an d Ultra High Strength A uto m o tive Sheet Steel

Forewo rd--

1.

Sc op e--

TO PLA CE A DOCUMENT ORDER: (724) 776-4970 FAX: (724) 776-0790 SA E WEB A DDRESS h ttp://w ww .sae.org

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 2. 2.1 References A p plicab le Pub lication s--

2.2

Related Pub lic ations--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

3.

General Inform ation--

TA B LE 1-- STEEL S A ND STRENGTH GRA DES


S teel Des c r i p ti o n G r ad e Ty pe A v ai lab l e Str en g th G r ad e - M Pa

4.

Conditio n--

4.1

Co ld-Redu ced Uncoated and Metallic Coated Sheet Steel--

4.2

Ho t-Rolled Unc oated and Metallic Coated Sh eet Steel--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

TA B LE 2-- PRODUCT CHARA CTERISTICS OF HOT-ROLLED SAE J2340 STEEL


Fr eed o m Fr o m Co il B r eak s No n A g in g Pi c k le an d O i l (1)(2) Cu t Ed g e (1)(2) S p ec ial Su rf ac e (1)(2)

Co n d it io n

5. 5.1

Steels and Strength Grad es Dent Resistant Cold-Red uc ed Sh eet St eels--

5.1.1.1

Type A--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

TA B LE 3-- REQUIRED MINIMUM MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF DENT RESISTA NT SHEET STEEL
S A E J 2340 G rad e Des ig n at io n an d Ty p e A s Rec ei v ed Yield Str en g th (2) M Pa A s Rec eiv ed T ens il e S tr en g th MP a A s Rec eiv ed n Valu e (3) Yield Str en g th A ft er 2% Str ain MPa Yi eld Str en g th A ft er Str ai n an d B ak e M Pa (4)

5.1.1.2

Type B--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 5.2 Hig h Str en gth So lution Stren gthen ed and Hig h Stren gt h Low A lloy (HSL A ) Hot-Rolled an d Co ldRedu ced Sheet Steels and High Streng th Recovery A nnealed Cold-Red uced Sheet Steels--

5.2.1.1

Type S--

5.2.1.2

Type X--

5.2.1.3

Type Y--

5.2.1.4

Type R--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

TA B LE 4-- REQUIRED MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF HIGH STRENGTH A ND HSLA HOT-ROLL ED A ND COLD-REDUCED UNCOA TED A ND COA TED SHEET STEEL (2)
SA E J 2 340 G r ad e Des ig n at io n an d Ty p e Yie ld Str eng th (3) M Pa M in im u m Y ield Str en g th (3) M Pa M ax im u m Ten s ile Str en g t h MP a Mi n i m u m % T o t al El o n g atio n Min Co l d -Red u c ed % To tal Elo n g ati o n Mi n H ot-Ro lled (4)

TA B LE 5-- REQUIRED MECHA NICAL PROPERTIES (1) OF HIGH STRENGTH RECOVERY A NNEA L ED COLD-REDUCED SHEET STEEL (2)
SA EJ 2340 G rad e Des ig n at io n an d Ty p e Yi el d St r en g th (3) MP a M in i m u m Yield St ren g th (2) M Pa M ax im u m Ten s il e Str en g th M Pa M i ni m um % T o tal Elo n g ati o n Min im u m

5.3

Ult ra High St rength Co ld-Ro lled Steels; Dual Ph ase and Lo w Car bon Martensite--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

TA B LE 6-- REQUIRED MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF UL TRA HIGH STRENGTH DUA L PHA SE HOT-ROLL ED AND COL D-REDUCED SHEET STEEL (2)
S A E J 2340 G rad e Des i g n at io n an d Ty p e Yield Str en gth M Pa M in im u m (3) T en s il e Str en g th M Pa Min im u m % To tal Elo n g atio n i n 50 m m M in i m u m

TA B LE 7-- REQUIRED MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF L OW CA RB ON MA RTINSITE HOT-ROLL ED A ND COL D-REDUCED SHEET STEEL (2)(3)
S A E J 2340 G r ad e D es ig n at io n an d Ty p e Y ield Str en g th M Pa M i n im u m (4) T en s il e S tr en g th M Pa Min im u m

5.3.1.1

Type DH/DL--

5.3.1.2

Type M--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

6.

Weldability--

TA B L E 8-- CHEMICA L LIMITS ON UNSPECIFIED EL EMENTS


Max i m u m Wei gh t P er c en t A llo w ed T y p e A , B , an d R M ax i m u m W ei g h t P er c en t A l lo w ed Ty p e S M ax im u m W eig h t Per c en t A ll o w ed Ty p e X an d Y M ax im u m W eig h t Per c en t A llo w ed T y p e D an d M

E lem en t

6.1

Hig h Str en gth Steel--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

7.

Co ld B end ing --

8. 8.1

No m enc lature and Sug gested Ord er ing Pr ac tice

8.2

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

8.3

9. 10.

Thickn ess Tolerances-Ten sile Sam ples

10.1 Meth od

10.2 Pr ep arat io n of Sam p les

10.2.1.1 10.2.1.2

10.2.1.3

10.2.2.1 10.2.2.2

Gage Length-Width--

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 10.2.2.3 Parallelism

10.2.2.4 10.2.2.5 10.3 Meas urem en ts

10.3.1.1 10.3.1.2

10.3.1.3

10.3.2.1 10.3.2.2

Standard Testing-r Value Testing--

10.4 Testing

TA B LE 9-- TENSILE MACHINE OPERA TING PA RA METERS


C ro s s h ead Sp eed St r ain Rat e

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 10.5 Calculation m eth ods

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 A PPENDIX A DENT RESISTA NT STEEL S DA TA ARE SHOWN IN THE A PPENDIX FOR INFORMA TION ONLY. A .1 Dent Resistant Steels--

TA B LE A 1-- TYPICA L MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF DENT RESISTA NT COLD-REDUCED SHEET STEEL
A s Rec ei v ed Pr o p er ti es Yi el d Str en g th (2) M Pa A s R ec ei v ed Pr o p er ties Ten s il e Str en g th M Pa A s Rec eiv ed P ro p er ties To tal Elo n g ati on % Y iel d S tr en g th after 2% Str ai n M Pa Up p er Yi eld S tr en g th A fter 2% Str ain an d B ak e MPa (5)

S A E J 2340 G r ad e and Ty p e

A s R ec eiv ed Pro p er ties n Valu e (3)

A s Rec eiv ed Pr o p er ti es r m Valu e (4)

A .1.1 Determ in atio n of Strain -Hardenin g In dex an d B ak e-Har den ing Index --

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999

A .2

Ult ra High St reng th Dual Phase Steels-TA B L E A 2-- TYPICAL MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF UL TRA HIGH STRENGTH DUA L PHA SE HOT-ROL LED A ND COL D-REDUCED SHEET STEEL
S A E J 2340 G r ad e Des i g n at io n an d Type Yi el d St ren g th MP a Yi el d af ter 2% St r ain an d B ak e MP a Ten s i le St ren g th MP a % To tal Elo n g ati on in 5 0 m m B en d Rad ii (2) r /t

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 A .3 Ult ra High St rength Martensitic Steels-TA B L E A 3-- TYPICA L MECHA NICA L PROPERTIES (1) OF ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH L OW CA RB ON MA RTENSITE COLD-REDUCED SHEET STEEL
S A E J 2340 G rad e Des ig n at io n an d Ty p e Yiel d Stren g th MP a Ten s i l e St ren g th M Pa % T o t al Elo n g at io n i n 50 m m B en d Rad ii (2) r /t

A .4

High Stren gth So lutio n Stren gthen ed and HSLA Steels-TA BL E A 4-- TYPICA L INSIDE B END RA DII(1)(2)(3) HIGH STRENGTH A ND HSL A , COLD-REDUCED A ND HOT-ROLLED A ND HIGH STRENGTH RECOVERY A NNEA L ED COL D-REDUCED UNCOA TED A ND COA TED SHEET STEEL
SA E J 2340 G r ad e Des ig n ati o n an d Ty p e Co ld -Red u c ed B en d Rad iu s / T h ic k n es s Ho t-Ro l led B en d Rad iu s / Th i c k n es s

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999 Ration ale--

Relationship of SA E Stan dar d to ISO Stand ard -App lic ation--

Refer en ce Sectio n

SA E J2340 Is sued OCT1999