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the size and timestamp tar -zxpf Uncompresses tar.gz files tar -xpf Uncompresses .tar files gunzip Uncompresses .gz files cp /path/to/old /path/to/new Copies a file to a new file mv /path/to/old /path/to/new Moves a file to a new file, or rename mkdir Creates a directory rmdir Deletes a directory rm Deletes a file rm -rf Deletes a directory cd /path/to/dir Moves to a directory cd .. Move up one directory cd ~ Moves to your home directory cd Moves to the previous directory pwd Displays the present working directory (the one you re in) pico Edits a file ftp Connect to a FTP server lynx View a webpage df Displays the hard drive stats quota Displays your quota uptime Displays the uptime of the server uname -a Displays the operating system stats whoami Displays your info who Displays others connected to the server last Displays the last login whereis Tells where a file is located BitchX IRC Client mail Check your email ps -x Displays processes your running ps -a Displays all processes running ps -ux Displays running processes, with CPU/Memory usage kill pid# Kills a process kill -9 pid# Kills an eggdrop process killall proc_name Kills all running process of the same type whatis Description of commands man command Displays help on the command (manual) nano Same as Pico (Use yum install nano if it doesn t first work) Top - gives an overall view of what is going on with the server including memory usage, serve load and running processes q to exit top sar -q gives a report of the process list, 1 minute and 5 minute average load ev ery 10 minutes since midnight server time tar -zcf filename.tar.gz file Tars up the file or directory of your choice, repl ace filename.tar.gz with the name you want your tar file to have with the tar.gz e xtension on the end and replace file with the file or directory you want to tar up. Can also use a path/to/file for both. updatedb - Updates the locate/search DB. netstat -n -p Useful to see who is connected to your server, this also resolves hostnames to I P addresses and the -p switch shows you what each person connected is doing and provides a PID for it if there is one useful if you need to kill something find / -user username Replace username with a username of one of your account to find all the files th at belong to them. Also useful to add the |more switch so you can scroll one scr een at a time. Ever have a client who seems to show a lot more files than are ac tually in their home directory? This is how you find those files and fix them. C ommon problem is cpmove files that don t get properly deleted and get added to a u sers account.
(We re still talking about RedHat [CentOS] that is running cPanel below. of this from the WHM. You can d o most. username . tail -10 filename gives you the last 10 lines of a file. and the same goe s for any other user. The file shou ld be in the /home directory to use this though. Then just move (mv) the file to a home directory accessible via the web and chown user.user filename and chmod to 750 or 755 and you can wget it from a different server if need be. This should be done from the home d irectory. whereis filename (use the * as a wildcard or for broader search) can also use locate or find (although locate is faster) killall not just for killing programs. similar to man it digs up info on any given command.) crontab -e To edit a users cron jobs: (run as a super-user. he will edit his own crontab and n ot root s. Useful for manually backing up an account if whm copy account doesn t wo rk.) bandmin chkservd cpanel crond exim httpd mysql named proftpd CRON INFO: Root crontab: (can be used by any user with crontab permissions to edit their cr ontab. Remember folks . :P ) /scripts/adddns Add a Dns Entry /scripts/addfpmail Install Frontpage Mail Exts .gz crontab -e edit the crontab file and see what is set to run in there. RESTART SERVICES: service servicename restart Stop a service: service servicename stop Start a service: service servicename start Status (doesn t work on all): service servicename status On a RedHat CPanel server. is a stripped-down RedHat OS.. though he can only edit his own crontab if he has permissions. cp -R FileOrDirectory path/to/destination the -R allows you to copy an entire directory to somewhere else. not cpm ove-username. help (add to end of the command following a single space) Such as tar help. you can also killall to kill all processes being run by a user.tar.) crontab -u username -e Replace username with the actual username of the client you want to edit. not available to regular users. x10's default OS for VPSs. such as root. kill -9 not just for eggdrops it s called a hard kill and handy for killing off any stubborn process that refuses to die. here are the useful services: (CentOS. If you are running this as root it will edit root s crontab. if not all. Can change the # to whatever you want. so feel free to skip ahead a bit. Handy if you have an abuser eating up system resources./scripts/pkgacct2 username Replace username with a user on your system. When bob runs crontab -e. /scripts/restorepkg username Once you ve got the file and need to unpack it you use this command.
proftpd.sshd. /scripts/suspendacct Suspend an account /scripts/sysup Syncup Cpanel RPM Updates /scripts/ulimitnamed RH 6 only. /scripts/secureit Remove non-important suid binaries /scripts/setupfp4 Install Frontpage 4+ on an account. Install a version of bind to handle many many zo nes. /scripts/simpleps Return a Simple process list.mysql) /scripts/rpmup Syncup Security Updates from RedHat/Mandrake /scripts/runlogsnow Force a webalizer/analog update.c ppop. /scripts/dnstransfer Resync with a master DNS Server /scripts/editquota Edit A User s Quota /scripts/finddev Search For Trojans in /dev /scripts/findtrojans Locate Trojan Horses Suggested Usage: /scripts/findtrojans < /var/log/trojans /scripts/fixtrojans < /var/log/trojans /scripts/fixcartwithsuexec Make Interchange work with suexec /scripts/fixinterchange Fix Most Problems with Interchange /scripts/fixtrojans Run on a trojans horse file created by findtrojans to remove them /scripts/fixwebalizer Run this if a user s stats stop working /scripts/fixvaliases Fix a broken valias file /scripts/hdparamify Turn on DMA and 32bit IDE hard drive access (once per boot) /scripts/initquotas Re-scan quotas.php?_m=knowledgebase&_a=viewarticle&kbar ticleid=20&nav=0. /scripts/unblockip Unblock an IP /scripts/unsuspendacct UnSuspend an account /scripts/upcp Update Cpanel /scripts/updatenow Update /scripts /scripts/wwwacct Create a New Account Delete MRTG rpm -e nodeps `rpm -qa|grep mrtg` Empty /tmp folder rm -R -f /tmp/c* rm -R -f /tmp/s* rm -R -f /tmp/p* rm -R -f /tmp/*_* rm -R -f /tmp/*-* Source: http://support.com/index.vaserv.bind. Usually fixes Disk space display problems /scripts/initsuexec Turn on SUEXEC (probably a bad idea) /scripts/installzendopt Fetch + Install Zend Optimizer /scripts/ipusage Display Ipusage Report /scripts/killacct Terminate an Account /scripts/killbadrpms Delete \ Security Problem Infested RPMS\ /scripts/mailperm Fix Various Mail Permission Problems /scripts/mailtroubleshoot Attempt to Troubleshoot a Mail Problem /scripts/mysqlpasswd Change a Mysql Password /scripts/quicksecure Kill Potential Security Problem Services /scripts/rebuildippool Rebuild Ip Address Pool /scripts/remdefssl Delete Nasty SSL entry in apache default httpd. Useful for finding where cgi scr ipts are running from.exim./scripts/addservlets Add JavaServlets to an account (jsp plugin required) /scripts/adduser Add a User /scripts/admin Run WHM Lite /scripts/apachelimits Add Rlimits (cpu and mem limits) to apache.9 .conf /scripts/restartsrv Restart a Service (valid services: httpd.
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