IAQ Assessment Manly State School- Library, GLA 20 & Music Room

October 2010

Department of Education and Training

Parsons Brinckerhoff Australia Pty Limited ABN 80 078 004 798

Level 4, Northbank Plaza 69 Ann Street BRISBANE QLD 4000 GPO Box 2907 BRISBANE QLD 4001 Australia Telephone +61 7 3854 6200 Facsimile +61 7 3854 6500 brisbane@pb.com.au Email
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Certified to ISO 9001, ISO 14001, AS/NZS 4801

RPT005Aaw - Manly State School - IAQ assessment - Stage 3

A+ GRI Rating: Sustainability Report 2009

Revision A

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©Parsons Brinckerhoff Australia Pty Limited (PB) [2010]. Copyright in the drawings, information and data recorded in this document (the information) is the property of PB. This document and the information are solely for the use of the authorised recipient and this document may not be used, copied or reproduced in whole or part for any purpose other than that for which it was supplied by PB. PB makes no representation, undertakes no duty and accepts no responsibility to any third party who may use or rely upon this document or the information. Author: Signed: Reviewer: Signed: Approved by: Signed: Date: Distribution: Anthony Warwick ......................................................................... ..................................................................................................... Michael Shepherd ........................................................................ ..................................................................................................... Michael Shepherd ........................................................................ ..................................................................................................... September 2010 .......................................................................... DETA, Manly State School ..........................................................

IAQ Assessment Manly State School - Library, GLA 20 & Music Room

Contents
Page number

Executive summary 1.  2.  3.  Introduction Glossary of terms Methodology
3.1  Sampling strategy & rationale 3.1.1  Overview 3.1.2  TVOCs 3.1.3  Formaldehyde, Aldehydes and Ketones 3.1.4  Amino ethanol compounds Test Methods 3.2.1  Methods for estimating Total Volatile Organic Compounds 3.2.2  Screening for the presence of aldehydes and ketones 3.2.3  Amino ethanol compounds Odour thresholds and use of relevant standards for airborne contaminants Limitations

iii 1  2  4 
4  4  5  6  7  7  7  8  9  10  10 

3.2 

3.3  3.4 

4. 

Evaluation criteria
4.1  4.2  4.3  Overview of air quality standards Occupational Exposure Standards (national exposure standards) Airborne contaminant guidelines

12 
12  13  14 

5.  6. 

Relevant legislation Results and discussion
6.1  6.2  Visual inspection A review of results by sampling location 6.2.1  6.2.2  6.2.3  Library & Computer Room B Block GLA-20 C Block – Music room areas

17  18 
18  18  18  19  20 

7.  8. 

Recommendations Summary

22  24 

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IAQ Assessment Manly State School - Library, GLA 20 & Music Room

9. 

References

25 

Appendices
Appendix A ‐ Results tables – Chemical contaminants  Appendix B ‐ Building Product ingredients disclosed in MSDSs 

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IAQ Assessment Manly State School - Library, GLA 20 & Music Room

Executive summary
Parsons Brinckerhoff (PB) was commissioned by the Queensland Department of Education and Training (DETA) to undertake comprehensive screening for the presence of the airborne contaminants at Manly State School located at 63 Ernest Street, Manly. Sampling was undertaken within the A Block Library and Computer Room, the B Block GLA 20 Class Room, and C Block Music Room upstairs. These areas were identified for testing by the school employees due to the presence of irritating odours like those in the Uniform Shop tested 31 August 2010. Sampling was undertaken at Manly State School 15 September 2010. Laboratory analysis was undertaken at Leeder Consulting in Melbourne, a NATA accredited laboratory for the methods used. The sampling program included screening for the following groups of materials using sample tube and laboratory techniques:

  

VOCs (e.g. benzene, toluene, styrene, alcohols, alkanes) Aldehydes and ketones (e.g. formaldehyde) Ethanolamines.

The results of the sampling and analysis showed that formaldehyde was present at levels greater than those recommended in the rescinded NHMRC publication titled, NHMRC’s Interim National Indoor Air Quality Goals and the Canadian Health publication, titled, Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air in the following locations:

 

B Block GLA 20 C Block Music Room (general class room).

The formaldehyde levels were also above the concentration range found in typical Australian dwellings as documented in the CSIRO study report titled, Indoor Air Project Part 1: Main Report Indoor Air in Typical Australian Dwellings, 2010. Levels of formaldehyde above the recommended guidelines were not identified in the A Block (Library and Computer Room) or C Block, (Music Teacher’s Office). In the class rooms the formaldehyde emission sources included MDF panel used in the manufacture of portable shelving units, student desks, pin-boards, and white boards. The concentration levels of TVOCs and amino-ethanol compounds were found be within the range usually found in a residential dwelling or less than the concentration range found in a residential dwelling cited by the CSIRO Indoor Air Project. It is recommended that the rooms found to be affected by formaldehyde concentrations above the recommended guidelines be subjected to off-gassing of formaldehyde by heating of the rooms to above 40 degrees C and increasing the changes of fresh make-up air. At the time this report has been completed, it is expected that this recommendation will be completed. Long term strategies and procedural controls should be implemented to ensure low formaldehyde products are purchased such as E0 MDF panel instead of E1 MDF or higher.

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benzene. including its appendices and attachments. A third day of sampling was undertaken within the following areas on 15 September 2010:    Library including computer laboratory Class room GLA-20 (Class 5H) C Block upstairs.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . No one section or part of a section. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 1 . The following contaminants were screened for using sorbent tubes designed to collect the following groups of airborne contaminants:    VOCs (e. alkanes) Aldehydes and ketones (e. styrene. a discussion and recommendations for remediation where required. heptanal) Ethanolamine. GLA 20 & Music Room 1. of this report should be taken as giving an overall idea of this report. Manly. Each section must be read in conjunction with the whole of this report.Library. following after-hours discussions held on site with stakeholders in the school library in July 2010.g. Introduction Parsons Brinckerhoff (PB) was commissioned by the Queensland Department of Education and Training (DETA) to undertake comprehensive screening for the presence of the airborne contaminants at Manly State School located at 63 Ernest Street. the evaluation criteria used to assess the results. toluene. Music Class Room.g. alcohols. These additional areas were selected for testing by Manly State School employees due the presence of irritating odours like those found in the Uniform Shop. The results of previous sampling in the Uniform Shop and ground level of C Block are provided in the report for the sampling undertaken 31 August 2010. formaldehyde. This report documents the findings of the assessment including sampling methodologies.

measured using AS/NZS 4266. E1 MDF E1 MDF products are medium density formaldehyde resin particle-board with an emission rate that is less than 1. measured using AS/NZS 4266. GLA 20 & Music Room 2. National exposure standards for the occupational environment are set by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . which according to current knowledge.5 mg/L under AS/NZS 1859.2-2004.0 mg/L under AS/NZS 1859.16-2004.Library. within the worker’s breathing zone.2-2004. HVAC Heating. should not cause adverse health effects or undue discomfort to nearly all workers. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 2 .16-2004. ventilation and air conditioning IAQ Indoor air quality ISO International Organisation for Standardisation mg/m3 milligrams per cubic metre µg/m3 micrograms per cubic metre NATA National Association of Testing Authorities National Exposure standard An airborne concentration of a particular substance. Glossary of terms AHU Air handling unit CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation E0 MDF E0 MDF products are medium density formaldehyde resin particle-board with an emission rate that is less than 0.

GLA 20 & Music Room NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) NOHSC National Occupational Health and Safety Commission. redundant organisational name for the Australian Safety and Compensation Council (ASCC).Library.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . currently called Safework Australia. MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet ppb Parts per billion ppm Parts per million NES National Exposure Standard TWA Time Weighted Average. NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council VOC Volatile organic compound PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 3 .

1 Overview The sampling was undertaken with a view to conducting a comprehensive and sensitive screening process for the presence of substances identified in building products material safety data sheets provided Dickinson Constructions Pty Ltd. It is understood that the construction of the class rooms in B Block and Music Room in C Block are similar to the lower level of C Block. The groups of substances listed above are often emitted from modern building materials such as particle boards. and adhesives. resins. Methodology The sampling was undertaken 15 September 2010 between 8:15 am and 4:30 pm within the school uniform shop. 3.1 Sampling strategy & rationale 3. The substances have the potential to cause the following symptoms when present in excessive concentrations: PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 4 . uniform shop store room.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . Aminoethanol compounds were also screened for due to the presence of odours in the affected areas that are similar in characteristic to these substances which are used in plastics.Library. GLA 20 & Music Room 3. Aldehydes and ketones. including but not limited to the following:     formaldehyde acetaldehyde heptanal acetone. foams. and within C Block ground level in the open “class room” and storage areas which are all understood to be in use by the P&C Committee” for meetings and organising fund raising. some paints and cleaning chemicals. surface coatings. adhesives. The following groups of chemicals were identified to be present from a review of the material safety data sheets for the products used in the school:  Volatile organic compounds. change room. including but not limited to the following:         toluene xylene methylene chloride perchloroethylene (dry cleaning fluid) styrene alkanes benzene.1.

sensitisation or exasperation of pre-existing asthma central nervous system effects from exposure to elevated levels or prolonged exposures to moderate or elevated exposure levels heath effect to the liver following prolonged and repeated exposures to the substances cancers and leukaemia when exposed to some substances (e. Persons with pre-existing asthma conditions or other underlying pulmonary disease are expected to be more sensitive than other healthy persons to acute exposures to indoor air contaminants and may experience coughing and wheezing at low levels of exposure. GLA 20 & Music Room     potential allergic reactions. 3. alcohols.g.g. formaldehyde) are suspected carcinogens believed to be capable of causing tumours or cancers in humans based on animal studies but these effects have yet to have been verified in humans.Library. Synergism may occur between chemical cocktails of contaminants and between exposure to some contaminants and sensitivity to other unrelated contaminants such as ozone. alkanes. The following products used in the building work were found to contain or likely to contain volatile organic compounds as significant (greater than 5%) proportions of their disclosed ingredients:  Polymer 265 vinyl floor adhesive. hexanes) Solvent (not disclosed) Petroleum light solvent Aromatic hydrocarbons (not disclosed) Interact carpet tile adhesive    Ingredients not disclosed by manufacturer Polymer 1718 A & B (vinyl water resistant epoxy) Selley’s liquid nails. dusts.2 TVOCs The VOC screen is intended to detect aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g.g. benzene).IAQ Assessment Manly State School . contains:       Between 75-95% of ingredients are trade secret ingredients including methyl methacrylate Aliphatic petroleum solvents (e. benzene) at very high level or repeatedly over prolonged periods.1. contains:    n-hexane (1-10%) Naphtha (light petroleum solvent) Bostik Roof & Gutter 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 5 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF . Some substances listed (e. xylene. toluene. and vulnerability to microbial organisms. Acceptable airborne concentrations in sensitive persons will vary on the individual. and ethers. styrene.

eyes. damage to the heart. ambient temperature. TVOCs are capable of causing:      the irritation of skin. carpet underlay (not present in the school). fatigue.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . skin and mucous membranes. Exposure to other aldehydes compounds are expected to have an additive or synergistic effect when exposures are combined. foam padding. The decline of formaldehyde in materials over time is not linear and is affected by many factors (density of materials. (giddiness. after this time. and floor surface adhesives. even very low formaldehyde concentrations in air could trigger airway sensitisation or skin reactions in the sensitised persons. giddiness. The formaldehyde reacts with proteins to form a hapten capable of triggering an immune response. the sum of the ratios of each aldehydes over their respective exposure limits are compared with unity (i. For this reason individual concentrations for each aldehydes are referenced and where possible.5%) Other non-hazardous ingredients TVOCs are produced from the gassing off from hydrocarbons which can be present in solvents. Formaldehyde is a suspected carcinogen believed to be capable or causing nasopharyngeal carcinomas in animals. A listing of building products disclosed by Dickinson Constructions and the MSDS’s stated ingredients are provided in Appendix B of this report. paints and surface coatings in many building materials. glues. impaired judgement. However.0).∑ Csample/CIAQ target 1.e. fatigue. 3. respiratory tract and mucous membranes nasal carcinomas. surface areas. adhesives. Formaldehyde is known to be capable of causing strong irritation of the airways. memory loss (over time) cardiovascular effects. melamine board.1. thinners. The sum of the ratios of each aldehydes to their relevant exposure guideline cannot be calculated for all mixtures of aldehydes as indoor air quality guidelines and exposure standards do not PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 6 .Library. Once an individual’s immune system is sensitised.3 Formaldehyde. ringing in the ears (tinnitus). Formaldehyde can off-gas from building materials for many months (up to 6-7 months) after manufacture. and aggravation of preexisting cardiovascular disease hepatic effects (damage to liver following prolonged or repeated exposure). etc) making it difficult to estimate original concentration levels from those measured at this point in time. based on toxicological tests conducted in animal subjects. GLA 20 & Music Room   2-butanone oxime (methyl ethyl ketomine) Bostik Seal & Flex. contains:   Toluene diisocyanate (<0. leukaemia central nervous system depression effects (headaches. eyes. Aldehydes and Ketones Formaldehyde is often used in high or medium density particle board manufacture. the levels quickly decline and should cease to be noticeable. blurred vision. It is possible to stimulate allergic sensitisation to formaldehyde in individuals following excessive or prolonged exposures.

shellac. the substance Could be within adhesives as one of the undisclosed trade secret ingredients. acid gas scrubbers. lungs. However. 3.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . diethanolamine. White boards are manufactured from Customwood MDF panels prepared as a sandwich of vinyl sheet glued together with adhesives. Metallic taste in the mouth has been described in some people exposed to mists and vapours containing amino ethanol compounds. Compendium method TO-17.Library.4 Amino ethanol compounds Monoethanolamine. Amino ethanol compounds were screened for as these are known to be present in some foam cleaning chemicals (degreasers. emulsifiers. paints and dyes. The smart desk table tops are found in all general learning areas. rubber chemicals intermediates.Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient Air Using Active 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 7 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .   A listing of building products relevant to the investigation are provided in Appendix B of this report.2. Within B Block and C Block the class rooms a number of products were found to contain formaldehyde including the following items and materials:  Smart desk table tops manufactured by Bizfurn which contain urea formaldehyde resin and melamine urea formaldehyde resin (<26%). GLA 20 & Music Room exist for all of these substances. Monoethanolamine (MEA). 3. liver and central nervous system. paints waxes and polishers. Pin boards are manufactured from carpet laid over Customwood MDF backing boards which contain up to 40% urea formaldehyde in total as urea formaldehyde resin and melamine formaldehyde resin. Heptanal has no documented occupational exposure standard or indoor air quality target for comparison. Diethanolamine (DEA) and Triethanolamine (TEA) are common examples of these compounds. oven cleaners) and building product adhesives and surface coatings.2 Test Methods 3.1 Methods for estimating Total Volatile Organic Compounds Screening for the presence of potential total volatile organic compounds was undertaken using thermal desorption molecular sieves in accordance with the methodology for sampling VOC levels at trace levels in accordance with US EPA Method TO-17.1. The odour present in the uniform shop was similar in nature to ethanolamine (associated with foaming commercial oven cleaners). Compendium Methods for the determination of Toxic Compounds in Ambient Air. There is no evidence that amino ethanol compounds are present from the material safety data sheets provided. The substances can also be toxic to the kidneys. Amino ethanol compounds are known to be capable of causing eye. corrosion inhibitors. 2nd edition. and triethanolamine are amino alcohols which are used in many industrial products including manufacture of surface active compounds. Many aldehydes are also not included in the List of designated hazardous substances published by the NOHSC. skin (dermatitis) and airway irritation (sore throats). ammonia manufacturing.

3. After returning from site. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 8 . (similar to an inverted burette). Tubes were stored in the refrigerator until used within two weeks of receipt of the sorbent tubes. Two tubes were reserved as field blanks for quality assurance purposes. Tubes were identified for each location against the serial numbers provided by the manufacturer.2 Screening for the presence of aldehydes and ketones Screening for aldehydes and ketones was undertaken using NIOSH Method # 2539 “Aldehydes Screening”.Library. Sample pumps flow rates for VOC sampling were pre-calibrated at PB offices against a dry cell calibrator which had been calibrated against a primary bubble tube calibrator.0 L was collected (optimal sample volume and flow rate before theoretical breakthrough time occurs). Thermal desorption tubes were obtained from Leeder Consulting. The sample flows for each sample train were noted for each location and the pumps run for approximately 2 hours each location to ensure a target volume of around 6.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . at this sample volume. a NATA Accredited analytical laboratory located in Melbourne.0 L was collected (optimal aldehyde screen sample volume and flow rate before theoretical breakthrough time occurs). The tubes were kept inside their sealed packagings with the glass seals left intact until the time of sampling. Sample pumps flow rates for aldehyde screening were pre-calibrated to run at approximately 50 mL per minute at PB offices against a dry cell calibrator which had been calibrated against a primary bubble tube calibrator. This method is consistent or equivalent to NIOSH VOC Screening methodology NISOH Method #2549. The samples were sealed immediately. the samples were packaged. At the testing location. The sample flows for each sample train were noted for each location and the pumps run for approximately 1. the glass tube ends were opened just prior to use and the sampling pumps (the sampling train) were set up with the flow rate of the complete sampling train finely adjusted to run as close to 50mL/minute as practicable. GLA 20 & Music Room Sampling Onto Sorbent Tubes.2. the sample train flow rate was measured and recorded to allow the average flow rate and sample volume to be calculated later. Solid sorbent tubes (XAD-2 hydroxy methyl piperidine on XAD-2 tubes) were shipped from the supplier (SKC) based in the United States using expedited shipping services. At the end of each sampling period. the tube and sampling pumps (the sampling train) were set up and the flow rate of the complete sample train finely adjusted to run as close to 50 mL per minute as practicably possible. chain of custody form completed and sent to the laboratory overnight for analysis in accordance with US EPA Method TO-17 using thermal desorption and gas chromatography and FID. (similar to an inverted burette). At the testing location. The tubes were kept inside a sealed glass container with activated carbon to protect the tubes absorbing any traces of extraneous volatile organic compounds and used within two weeks of supply.5 hours each location to ensure a target volume of just less than 5. and placed in the glass storage container placed in an esky on ice. The method allows for a limit of detection close to as low as 100ng per tube.

Sample pumps flow rates for aldehyde screening were pre-calibrated to run at approximately 100mL per minute at PB offices against a dry cell calibrator which had been calibrated against a primary bubble tube calibrator. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 9 . After returning from site. Tubes were identified for each location against the serial numbers provided by the manufacturer.Library. At the end of each sampling period.0 hours at each location to ensure a target volume between 18 L to 24 L was obtained (most practicable sample size and flow rate to minimise contaminant break through whilst obtaining a an adequate sample size to obtain a low limit of detection). Tubes were stored in the refrigerator until used within two weeks of receipt of the sorbent tubes. The tubes were kept inside their sealed packagings with the glass seals left intact until the time of sampling. the sample train flow rate was measured and recorded to allow the average flow rate and sample volume to be calculated later. Two tubes were reserved as field blanks for quality assurance purposes. GLA 20 & Music Room This sample volume (5L) should allow for a limit of detection as low as 2µg of aldehyde per sample. After returning from site. The samples were sealed immediately using plastic end caps provided by the manufacturer. At the testing location. The estimated limit of detection can be as low as 0. Two tubes were reserved as field blanks for quality assurance purposes. The samples were sealed immediately using plastic end caps provided by the manufacturer. Tubes were identified for each location against the serial numbers provided by the manufacturer. For the method to be used correctly.005mg per sample when the full sample size is obtained.2.3 Amino ethanol compounds Screening for the presence of amino ethanol compounds was undertaken using NIOSH Method # 2007 “Amino ethanol compounds screening”. At the end of each sampling period. Solid sorbent tubes (hollow glass tubes containing silica gel) were shipped from the supplier (SKC) based in the United States using expedited shipping services. the sample train flow rate was measured and recorded to allow the average flow rate and sample volume to be calculated later. The sample flows for each sample train were noted for each location and the pumps run for approximately 3. a flow rate of between 0. and placed in the sample bags placed in an esky on ice.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . the samples were packaged. 3. chain of custody form completed and sent to the laboratory overnight for analysis in accordance with NIOSH Method 2007 using gas chromatography and FID. the samples were packaged. chain of custody form completed and sent to the laboratory overnight for analysis in accordance with NIOSH Method 2539 using gas chromatography and FID. and placed in the sample bags placed in an esky on ice. the glass tube ends were opened just prior to use and the sampling pumps (the sampling train) were set up with the flow rate of the complete sampling train finely adjusted to run at approximately 100 mL/minute. (similar to an inverted burette).2 L/min is acceptable.01 to 0.

05-0. 3. The sampling strategy intended to find the highest possible levels of airborne contaminants.055 43-258 3. psychosocial factors or personal factors. Airborne contaminant levels were tested using static samplers placed within areas and are not necessarily representative of “breathing zone samples” workers or students are exposed to. 1997).3 Odour thresholds and use of relevant standards for airborne contaminants It should be noted that many substances have odour thresholds that fall well below the relevant occupational exposure standards.036 875 0. In all areas where sampling occurred. GLA 20 & Music Room 3.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . the rooms were sealed without HVAC systems or natural ventilation being provided.033--0. toluene has a detectable odour threshold of between only 0.3-1 Odour thresholds for selected VOCs Substance Formaldehyde Hexane (n-hexane) Methyl methacrylate MEK Napthalene Styrene Toluene Vinyl acetate Odour threshold mg/m3 0. 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 10   PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .3-1 (AIHA. personnel were prevented from accessing the rooms and the doors and windows were kept closed.029 248 0.0105 10-61 0.057 63-70 0. Many substances can elicit odours that are detectable by the human olfactory senses but are at concentrations that are unlikely to result in health effects. Asbestos and particulate (dusts) were was not included in the survey. For example.4 Odour threshold ppm 0.027-0.5-3.Library. contaminated land.40 3.93-0.6 1. Odour thresholds have been provided below in Table 3. The study was limited to airborne contaminants described in the methodology. These factors are likely to over-estimate the contaminants present. It did not address radiological materials.0095-0.16-37 ppm whereas the 8 hour time weighted exposure standard workers may be exposed to for 40 hrs a week is 50ppm.014 21-24 0.06 0.4 Limitations The assessment of indoor air contaminants was undertaken with the following limitations:  Observations and sampling results were indicative of the conditions present at the time sampling for each contaminant was undertaken and may not be representative of previous or future conditions.

IAQ Assessment Manly State School . including its appendices and attachments.Library. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 11 . Each section must be read in conjunction with the whole of this report. of this report should be taken as giving an overall idea of this report. GLA 20 & Music Room No one section or part of a section.

Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air has also been used in this report. 2010. with no alternative publication to replace it leaving many gaps in locally applicable air quality benchmarks requiring other publications and studies from Australia and abroad to be used as benchmarks. In addition to the MHMRC Interim Air Quality Goals (1996). In this survey the results have also been compared and contrasted against those contaminant concentration levels found in the “typical” Australian home as reported in the CSIRO study report titled. These goals do not relate or apply to airborne contaminants released within buildings or within a workplace but may act as a reasonable measure of what the general public are permitted to be exposed to from extraneous emissions from industry from the boundaries of a site. The study report lists has mean concentration levels for TVOCs and other individual substances including xylenes. 4. students) accept that these levels are present in their homes then the levels should also be acceptable within a school if they do not exceed the median concentrations. as a guide to determining what formaldehyde and VOC levels should not be exceeded in areas where the general community (including sensitive individuals) may occupy on a regular basis or for extended periods. GLA 20 & Music Room 4. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 12 . Other local guidance provided by the Department of Environment and Resource Management in Schedule 1 of the Environmental Protection (Air) Policy 2008 relate to air quality goals to be achieved over time. minimum and maximum mean concentration levels of contaminants found in a large cross section of sampling undertaking in residential dwellings for an extended period of time. If members of the public (i.Library. Typical residential concentration levels of contaminants should be a reasonable benchmark for a school environment or other area where members of the public are allowed to be present. the Canadian Health publication titled. 1996 was used as a valuable reference by environmental and occupational health practitioners. Regrettably. benzene. The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) publication titled. as they pertain to extraneous airborne emissions from facilities off-site. parents. toluene. Currently the only legislated exposure levels are provided in occupational exposure standards referenced under the Workplace Health and Safety Regulation 2008.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . Indoor Air Project Part 1: Main Report Indoor Air In Typical Australian Dwellings. teachers. These levels would be acceptable in the home and thus should represent a stringent benchmark for a school setting. The study is useful as it demonstrates median. and formaldehyde. formaldehyde. Interim National Indoor Air Quality Goals Recommended By The National Health And Medical Research Council.1 Evaluation criteria Overview of air quality standards Evaluation criteria for indoor air quality assessments are nebulous in nature and few authors of publications or government agencies are willing to provide tangible reference ranges for the health and or comfort of the general community (workers and non working persons).e. this publication has been rescinded by the NHMRC since the 19th of March 2006.

respiratory exposure should be kept as low as reasonably achievable. The “peak exposure limit” means the maximum or peak airborne concentration of a particular substance determined over the shortest analytically practicable period of time which does not exceed 15 minutes. which is a suspected carcinogen and known respiratory sensitiser. In the case of formaldehyde. Indoor air quality guidelines would be more suitable criteria for the protection of these persons. The use of occupational exposure standards although applicable to workers employed at the school are clearly not considered suitable for areas where school children may be present continuously or for prolonged periods.IAQ Assessment Manly State School .2-1. The short term exposure limit (STEL) means a 15 minute TWA exposure which should not be exceeded at any time during a working day even if the eight-hour TWA average is within the TWA exposure standard. Occupational exposure standards do not guarantee protection from exposed to formaldehyde in sensitive individuals or those who suffer chronic respiratory illness or asthma. GLA 20 & Music Room 4. Occupational exposure standards are suitable for “nearly all workers”. Substances with a peak airborne exposure limit do not also have a time weighted average. The time weighted average exposure standard .Library. for a five-day working week (up to 40 hours per week). Exposures at the STEL should not be longer than 15 minutes and should not be repeated more than four times per day.time-weighted average (TWA)' means the average airborne concentration of a particular substance when calculated over a normal eight-hour working day. workers are not permitted to be exposed to more than the national exposure standards for any listed hazardous substances. there is likely to be a sub-set of the working population for whom the exposure standards may not be effective at preventing discomfort or work caused illness. An exposure standard represents an airborne concentration of a particular contaminant in the worker’s breathing zone. 1995. should not cause adverse effects nor cause undue discomfort to nearly all workers.2 Occupational standards) Exposure Standards (national exposure The values published on the Worksafe Australia’s “Hazardous Substances Information System” for atmospheric contaminants in the occupational environment are provided with other indoor air quality guidelines or goals in Table 4. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 13 . However. Short term exposure limit Peak limit. Exposure standards may take three forms listed:    Time weighted average (TWA). Substances’ exposure standards provided in the Hazardous substances Information System (HSIS) are based on updated exposure standards provided in the publication. according to current knowledge. exposure to which. Adopted National Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment. There should be at least 60 minutes between successive exposures at the STEL. Under Part 16 of the Workplace Health and Safety Regulation 2008.

n/a n/a (0. GLA 20 & Music Room 4.003 ppm. Table 4.93 µg/m 3 n/a n/a Min-max:0. 3 TWA8hr : 3. 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 14 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .09-1.3 µg/m ) TWA8hr: 432 STEL: 543 Min-max: 0.26-7.3-1.19 3 ppb.57 (annual average) µg/m . values at zero degrees Celsius.Library.3 Airborne contaminant guidelines The relevant exposure levels for airborne contaminants are stated in Table 4.Air Toxics measure Workplace Exposure Standards . (0.5 STEL: 15 n/a n/a n/a week Benzene n/a 0.mg/m 3 CSIRO Indoor Air NHMRC Interim Ambient Quality Air Goals Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project – Indoor Air in Typical Dwellings objectives for and being Total (TVOC) VOC n/a health well (rescinded) n/a n/a Median: 150 µg/m Min-max: µg/m 3 3 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 56-717 ethanolamine 280 (1 TWA) µg/m 3 n/a TWA8hr: 7.2 Median: 0.29-4.29 ppb . 9.37 µg/m ) 4-isopropyl toluene (cumene) STEL: 375 Naphthalene n/a n/a TWA8hr: 52 STEL: 79 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a TWA8hr: 125 n/a n/a n/a 1 Schedule 1 of the Environmental Protection (Air) Policy 2008.06-1.82 µg/m ) ppb (0. 0.7 3 3 Ethyl benzene n/a n/a Median: 0.35 ppb.IAQ Assessment Manly State School .3-1 Relevant Exposure Standards and Air Quality Guidelines Contaminant Qld Air DERM quality 1 0F National Environment Protection .

5 (2.77 mg/m (24 hour average) annual 3 TWA8hr: 377 STEL: 574 Median: 1.5 3 ppb. n/a n/a hour (2.31 µg/m ) Min-max: ppb.Library.73-37. (1. GLA 20 & Music Room Contaminant Qld Air DERM quality 1 0F National Environment Protection .1 (24 TWA) mg/m 3 3.21 µg/m ) Min-max: 0. µg/m ) 3 0.2.97 3 ppb n/a n/a hour annual (4.6 Xylene 1.Air Toxics measure Workplace Exposure Standards .1 mg/m hour average) 3 (24 TWA8hr: 350 STEL: 655 Median: 0.7 ppb. minute measurement.73-36.4-8.IAQ Assessment Manly State School .mg/m 3 CSIRO Indoor Air NHMRC Interim Ambient Quality Air Goals Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project – Indoor Air in Typical Dwellings objectives for and being Styrene 280 µg/m 1 week TWA 3 health well (rescinded) n/a TWA8hr: 213 STEL: 426 n/a n/a n/a Toluene 4. be 5 3 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 15 .75-137.27mg/m (1 TWA) 3 n/a TWA8h: 3450 STEL:1020 n/a n/a n/a year n/a n/a TWA8hr: 36 STEL: 91 n/a n/a 9000 µg/m not to exceeded.2 24 TWA mg/m 3 1.4-trimethyl benzene Dichlorodifluorom ethane n/a n/a TWA10hr: 123 (NIOSH) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a TWA8hr: 4950 n/a n/a n/a Trichlorofluoromet hane Tetrachloroethene (perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylen e) acetaldehyde n/a n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a 0.4g/m ) 3 1.

04 ppm). 3 hour (0.7 3 ppb.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . 24 hr TWA) (14.39 µg/m ) Min-max: 3.Library.42-30. GLA 20 & Music Room Contaminant Qld Air DERM quality 1 0F National Environment Protection .8.Air Toxics measure Workplace Exposure Standards . 5 minute measurement.2 24 TWA µg/m 3 health well (rescinded) 49.2 STEL: 2. 120 µg/m not to be exceeded 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded.5 Median: 11. 3 (4.5 µg/m ) PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 16 .2 µg/m 3 TWA8hr: 1.mg/m 3 CSIRO Indoor Air NHMRC Interim Ambient Quality Air Goals Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project – Indoor Air in Typical Dwellings objectives for and being formaldehyde 54.6-24.

Library. Relevant legislation The relevant legislation. codes of practice and industry standards applicable to this investigation are listed:    Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 17 .IAQ Assessment Manly State School . GLA 20 & Music Room 5. Workplace Health and Safety Regulation 2008 Environmental protection (Air) Policy 2008.

d. The music room was not occupied at the time sampling was conducted. drums. (2010). 6. piano. a separate partitioned office was present which contained older laminated particle board desks. new loose furnishings (desks made from laminated reconstituted timbers.2. Windows and doors within the areas sampled were closed during sampling without any mechanical ventilation. The TVOC concentration levels also fell well below the TVOC target levels recommended in the NHMRC’s Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals and the Canadian Health’s Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality. white-boards.1 Results and discussion Visual inspection The following observations were made on the 15 September 2010: a.1. The GLA-20 was observed to have a discernable.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . cardboard pigeon holes. open plan class room without chairs or desks. 6.2. The music room consisted on a single. The room was closed up during the sampling period without any natural or mechanical ventilation. The room contained new carpet and a variety of musical instruments (xylophone. sound system. ketones and amino ethanol compounds are provided in Appendix A. fabric pin boards. Both the individual VOC contaminant levels and the TVOC levels also were found to be within the normal concentration level range found in typical Australian dwellings as published in the CSIRO Indoor Air Project. b. aldehydes. Toluene 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 18 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF . The results are tabulated against all relevant exposure standards and indoor air quality parameters for comparison. The library was not occupied by any staff or students at the time sampling was undertaken.2 A review of results by sampling location The results of airborne sampling undertaken to screen for all major peaks of volatile organic compounds. unpleasant odour similar to the uniform shop.Library. There was no evidence of any obvious signs of VOCs or aldehyde emission sources in this area. a bar refrigerator on the floor. The class room contained new carpets. The general learning area GLA-20 used by class 5H was not used by staff or students at the time of sampling with access to persons denied. keyboard instrument. plastic chairs. etc). e. At the rear of the music room towards the south. The library and computer room within the library was not accessible to any members of staff of students. c. sink and windows. There were no obvious signs of new furniture or shelving that would give rise to formaldehyde levels in the library. GLA 20 & Music Room 6.1 6. 6.1 Library & Computer Room VOC levels The results of the VOC screen within the library and computer room located in the library demonstrated that none of VOCs or TVOC concentration levels exceeded any of their respective occupational exposure standards or IAQ guidelines cited from the other literature. and student tidy bags on the backs of each chair). Based on information provided by the Dickinson Constructions Pty Ltd the new carpet should not have contained formaldehyde or other volatile contaminants.

38 to 192 g/m3 of heptanal 102. 6.1.2 Aldehydes and Ketones The aldehyde and ketone screen detected the following concentration levels of each aldehydes:   85. 2 Limit of detection varies with sample volume up to the maximum sample volume permitted.2. It is unlikely that these compounds are present and that hypothesis that these substances may be present cannot be verified.2.2 Aldehydes and Ketones The formaldehyde and other aldehyde levels (acetaldehyde and heptanal) in the library areas tested were less than the limit of detection and thus ought to have been acceptable for ensuring indoor comfort and wellbeing of occupants.11 g/m3 of formaldehyde. GLA 20 & Music Room was slightly higher than the median value found in residential dwellings but still far less than the upper concentration limit in homes reported by CSIRO of 36.5 g/m3.2 6.2. Both the individual VOC contaminant levels and the TVOC levels also were found to be within the lower spectrum of the respective median concentration levels found in typical Australian dwellings published in the CSIRO Indoor Air Project. 6. 6.2. The presence of these substances is not indicated in any of the product data sheets and levels appear consistent with this information.1 B Block GLA-20 VOC levels The TVOC concentration levels in B Block GLA-20 were found to be below the TVOC target levels recommended in the NHMRC’s Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals and the Canadian Health’s Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality.2.2. The likely source of toluene is from adhesives. (2010). These formaldehyde levels did not exceed the national exposure standard (occupational) eight hour time weighted average (NES TWA 8hr) of 1.Library. 1F 6.2 mg/m3 but did exceed the following parameters:   The NHMRC’s Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals which requires that no person be exposed to a brief exposure of more than 120 g/m3 An action limit of 120 g/m3 is used by Canadian Health in their Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality publication.3 Amino ethanol compounds The screening for amino ethanol compounds (ethanolamine) in the uniform shop did not find these substances to be present at concentration levels above the limit of detection 2 (<280290 g/m3) for the method used.46 to 176.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 19 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .2.1. The VOC levels do not represent any cause for concern and are consistent with the concentration levels expected in the typical home and in most cases represent concentrations of contaminants that are lower than those expected in the typical home.

3 Amino ethanol compounds The screening for amino ethanol compounds (ethanolamine) within the change room and storage room did not identify amino ethanol compounds to be present at levels above the limit of detection (<280-290 g/m3).1 C Block – Music room areas VOC levels The results of the VOC screen within the upstairs C Block Music Class Room were consistent with typical household toluene concentrations and at the lower end of the spectrum found in homes. formaldehyde is unlikely to exceed the World Health Organisation standard of 0. the CSIRO (Indoor Air Project. 6. and MDF backing in white boards. toxicological information indicates that the product is a strong respiratory irritant and exposure to this substance should be Detection of formaldehyde in class room GLA 20 was not unexpected due to the high proportion of formaldehyde containing materials in the class room from melamine-ureaformaldehyde products used in Smart Desk table tops. Under most situations the claims in the MSDS are likely to be correct but do not apply to situations such as the testing environment in GLA 20 where the room is closed during sampling.2. The construction of the class room was undertaken using formaldehyde products compliant with E1 formaldehyde emission standards. MDF pin boards lining the walls.2.2.  On this occasion acetaldehyde was not detected but heptaldehyde (heptanal) was identified at levels between 85-232 g/m3. 6. These factors make it likely that areas such as GLA 20 and the uniform shop (tested on 31 August 2010) will have a relatively higher formaldehyde concentrations compared with more spacious rooms (e. The Air Quality objectives for “health and well being” stated in the Environmental Protection (Air) Policy 2008 (although not applicable within a workplace where emissions are present within the workplace). and the room contains such a relatively large surface area of MDF products together in a relatively small room volume.Library. The total VOC levels were also found be very low and consistently less than the lower range of TVOC levels in typical residences and the 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 20 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF . The Customwood E1 MDF panel’s MSDS states that formaldehyde may be emitted when heated.4 g/m3) and maximum concentration range (30. but the emissions are diluted below acceptable levels by the comparatively large room volume. not provided with mechanical or other ventilation during sampling. mobile shelving units.5 g/m3) of formaldehyde levels found in typical Australian dwellings published by the CSIRO from their Indoor Air Project (2010). It is unlikely that these compounds are present in detectable concentrations or levels of concern. The larger the surface area of MDF panel placed within an unventilated room volume.g.3. The presence of these substances is not indicated in any of the product data sheets and the concentration levels found appear consistent with this information. 2010) report did not investigate the presence of this substance in dwellings. There are no published indoor air quality guidelines or occupational exposure standards for heptanal.2. Additionally. It also claims that in a well ventilates environment. Emission rates are usually stated in terms of an amount of vapour emitted per square metre of materials.1ppm (120g/m3) for the general environment. then the greater the resultant concentration of formaldehyde present. In the absence of recommended exposure standards for heptanal. the library) where formaldehyde is likely to be emitted.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . GLA 20 & Music Room  The median (14.3 6.

Within the Music Teacher’s Office.2 mg/m3 lawfully permitted under occupational health and safety legislation in Australian workplaces.3. The presence of these substances is not indicated in any of the product data sheets and levels appear consistent with this information. The Air Quality objectives for “health and well being” stated in the Environmental Protection (Air) Policy 2008 (although not applicable within a workplace where emissions are present within the workplace).2. 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 21 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF . 2F 3 Limit of detection varies with sample volume up to the maximum sample volume permitted. The median (14. The music office formaldehyde concentrations are within the acceptable limits recommended by the NHMRC and Canadian Health target values and do not warrant further discussion other than to comment that the furniture in the office was not new and unlikely to emit formaldehyde.5 g/m3) of formaldehyde levels found in typical Australian dwellings published by the CSIRO from their Indoor Air Project (2010).2. slightly higher than the levels in GLA 20.75-137.3 The screening for amino ethanol compounds (ethanolamine) in the uniform shop did not find these substances to be present at concentration levels above the limit of detection 3 (<280290 g/m3) for the method used. However. teacher’s office. The toluene levels were also higher at 22 g/m3. An action limit of 120 g/m3 is used by Canadian Health in their Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality publication. the TVOC levels were found to be 31 g/m3.6 g/m3 for toluene and 56 to 717 g/m3 for TVOCs and less than the recommended limits of the NHMRC and Canadian Health publication of 500 g/m3. 6. Levels of formaldehyde in the Music Class Room were found not to exceed the eight hour. It is unlikely that these compounds are present and that hypothesis that these substances may be present cannot be verified.4 g/m3) and maximum concentration range (30.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . the concentrations exceeded the following parameters:    The NHMRC’s Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals which requires that no person be exposed to a brief exposure of more than 120 g/m3. However. the TVOC levels do not represent any significant cause for concern and without exception are consistent with the concentration levels expected in the typical Australian home and in most cases are lower than those expected in the typical home. time weighted average (NES TWA 8hr) of 1. GLA 20 & Music Room recommended target TVOC levels provided in the NHMRC’s Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals and the Canadian Health’s Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality.3.2 Aldehydes and Ketones The aldehyde and ketone screen undertaken in the Music Room in the upper storey of C Block was successful in detecting up to 192 g/m3 of formaldehyde in the general music class room area and up to 102 g/m3 within the separately enclosed. In summary. Amino ethanol compounds  6.Library. both of these values are still consistently within typical household concentrations of between 2.

An organic vapour cartridge respirator is recommended to be worn as a general precaution when entering the rooms during heating. forced ventilation should be provided with windows and doors open and ceiling fans running to try to increase the number of changes of air within the affected room. the rooms should be vented using mechanical extraction ventilation or if this cannot be obtained. During the process a fire watch should be provided to monitor any power overloads or fire. After heating and venting the affected area should be left to vent as long as practicable before allowing occupants to re-enter. 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 22 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .IAQ Assessment Manly State School . During the off-gassing heating process. pin boards and loose class room furniture (desks). the room should be heated to maintain the temperature as far as practicable within the constraints of the electricity power supply. natural timber) mandatory as a purchasing policy in an effort to reduce the potential for exposure to formaldehyde in schools. It is understood that the standing offer allows schools to purchase E0 MDF products such as desks and shelving from selected suppliers. It should be noted that at the time Manly State School purchased its new class room desks. Whilst venting the room. white boards. It is also understood that this standing offer is available for schools to utilise but is not mandatory as schools are able to utilise their own initiative to obtain a better offer.g. without ventilation. remediation of B Block. The use of E0 MDF products do not guarantee that that formaldehyde levels will be less than the recommended levels suitable 4 At the time of writing this report.      Other general learning areas with the same fixtures and fittings as GLA 20 should be considered for remediation using the above protocols.Library. E1 MDF has been used throughout the new building materials. The following methodology is provided 4: 3F   The class room should be closed and heated to between 40 degrees C to no more than 50 degrees C. Training and the Arts (DETA) has a current standing offer arrangement that DETA schools are able to access. personnel may be exposed to elevated levels of VOCs and aldehydes as well as heat stress. C Block and other general learning areas are understood to have undergone remediation prior to school returning from mid-semester recess. These products have collectively contributed to formaldehyde concentrations that are greater than the concentration levels recommended in the NHMRC and other indoor air quality benchmarks used in this report. Recommendations Based on the results of the survey the following recommendations are provided:  The general learning area GLA-20 in B Block and music room should be subjected to off-gassing. DETA should consider making the purchasing of all E0 formaldehyde MDF products or non-MDF products (e. shelving and other materials used in the construction of the general learning areas. The Department of Education. GLA 20 & Music Room 7. DETA did not have a formal standing offer in place for the purchase of furniture and building materials. Once the target temperature has equilibrated throughout the affected areas. shelving. for not less than 4 hours duration.

GLA 20 & Music Room for a class room or area where school children are expected to be present. It is further recommended that E1 MDF not be purchased for use in new furniture.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 23 . However. The resultant formaldehyde concentrations depend of the collective surface areas of materials emitting formaldehyde. fixtures or construction materials in schools without a protocol in place to test for indoor formaldehyde air concentrations to ensure they are below 120 g/m3 prior to occupancy of personnel in that space. the ambient temperature in the room. the use of E0 MDF products conforming to AS/NZS 1859. Based on the results of the sampling conducted at Manly State School it is evident that when large quantities of E1 MDF are used in a room together without good ventilation.2-2004 provides the most stringent benchmark available for use as a purchasing control.Library. the size of the room and the numbers of changes of air provided to dilute any emissions. the age of the materials. that formaldehyde concentration levels can be produced that are above NHMRC Guidelines and other indoor air quality benchmarks.

and student desks. benzene. and alkanes) Aldehydes and ketones (e. it is expected that these recommendations will have been implemented before students return from mid semester recess. the indoor air quality assessment included screening for the following groups of materials using sorbent tubes sent for laboratory analysis:    VOCs (e. The levels of VOCs and amino-ethanol compounds were either within or less than acceptable levels typically found in an Australian residential dwelling. Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air. These areas were identified following additional people coming forward to volunteer areas they thought might be of concern. Formaldehyde emission sources are likely to occur from multiple sources including MDF panels used in pin boards.g. The formaldehyde levels in these areas also were above the concentrations typically found in Australian dwellings as documented in the CSIRO study report titled. formaldehyde) Ethanolamines. and C Block.Library. Indoor Air Project Part 1: Main Report Indoor Air in Typical Australian Dwellings.g. At the time this report has been completed. GLA 20 & Music Room 8. styrene. The sampling was conducted in the additional areas not initially identified for air sampling for the testing undertaken 31 August 2010. (Music Class Room) identified that formaldehyde concentrations were present in concentration levels greater than those recommended in the following guidance publications:   the rescinded NHMRC publication titled. Summary In summary. white boards. 1996 the Canadian Health publication. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 24 . Recommendations provided include the baking out of the formaldehyde from all student class rooms or other rooms occupied by students and known to be fitted with similar furnishings. fixtures and fittings containing MDF or particle board. 2010. NHMRC’s Interim National Indoor Air Quality Goals Recommended by The National Health And Medical Research Council. The results of the sampling in B Block (GLA-20). toluene. alcohols.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . portable shelving units.

Fact Sheet – Final Revisions to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Pollution (Particulate Matter). Odour Thresholds for Chemicals with Established Occupational Health Standards. Volume 47. Public Works and Government Services Canada.A report to the Air Quality Section. 26th Edition Chapter 8. Virginia Australia/New Zealand Standard. Standards Australia. GLA 20 & Music Room 9.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . Health Canada.epa.1:1998. and the Arts.16-2004 Reconstituted wood-based panels-Methods of test Method 16: Formaldehyde emission. 2006. AS/NZS 4266.2-2002. Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice.2:2004 Reconstituted wood-based panels-Specifications Part 2: Dry Processed fibreboard. Ventilation Aspects of Indoor Air Quality American Industrial Hygiene Association. 2010. in Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment: Guidance Note and National Exposure Standards.html U U             PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 25 .desiccators method. 1986. Department of the Environment. Canberra. Sydney. Commonwealth of Australia. Indoor Air in Typical Australian Dwellings. The use of ventilation and airconditioning in buildings. Australia/New Zealand Standard 1668. Sydney. The use of ventilation and airconditioning in buildings Part 2: Ventilation design for indoor air contaminant control (excluding requirements for the health aspects of tobacco smoke). National Occupational Health and Safety Commission. Indoor Air Quality in Office Buildings: A Technical Guide. Interim National Indoor Air Quality Goals Recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. A report of the FederalProvincial Advisory Committee on Environmental and Occupational Health. Canberra. February 2007. Sydney Australia/New Zealand Standard. Environment Standards Branch. NHMRC. AS/NZS 1668. Minister of Supply and Services Canada. http://www. Fairfax. AIHA. Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality – A Report of the Federal-Provincial Advisory Committee on Environmental and Occupational Health. 1995. Standards Australia. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Australian Government Publishing Service. Part 2: Ventilation design for indoor air containment control (excluding requirements for the health aspects of tobacco smoke exposure). CSIRO. Odour thresholds and irritation levels of several chemical substancesA review. AS/NZS 1859.Library. Sydney. Standards Australia. 1996. 1995 Jon H Ruth. Heritage. Adopted National Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment' [NOHSC:1003(1995)]. 1997. Water. 1995. Indoor Air Project Part 1: Main Report. References  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists Committee. Australia/New Zealand Standard.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pm/s_pm_index. Standards Australia.

ozone. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page 26 . WHO Air quality guidelines for particulate matter. GLA 20 & Music Room  World Health Organisation (WHO) 2005.Library.IAQ Assessment Manly State School . nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide.

Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.1 .

4g/m ) TVOC (major peaks) 12.6 2.21 n/a n/a Min-max: (1.5 µg/m 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.31 Min-max: 137.9 µg/m 3 4.0 µg/m 3 1.1 mg/m (24 hour annual average) 3 350 Median: µg/m 3 4.2-1 Airborne gas and vapour contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.1 mg/m (24 hour TWA) 3 3. 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.77 (24 annual mg/m 3 150 Median:2. µg/m ) 3 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155369 Library Centre area dichlorodifluorom ethane 7. values at zero degrees Celsius.75- n/a n/a hour average) Xylenes 1.7337. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants Table A-6.1 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .5 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a trichlorofluoromet hane toluene 1.9 µg/m 3 3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 5 Schedule 1 of the Environmental Protection (Air) Policy 2008.2 mg/m 24 hour TWA 3 1. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.

1 mg/m (24 hour TWA) 3 n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.6 2.3 µg/m 3 1.6 µg/m 3 7.2 .1 mg/m (24 hour annual average) 3 350 Median: µg/m 3 4.31 Min-max: 137.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.4g/m ) TVOC (major peaks) 14. µg/m ) 3 Min-max: 56-717 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155258 Library Computer lab. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.7 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a 4.6 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 5620 Peak n/a n/a n/a limitation 1.21 n/a n/a Min-max: (1.0 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.2 mg/m 24 hour TWA 3 1.7337.75- n/a n/a Trichlorofluorome thane Xylenes 1.2 µg/m 3 3 n/a n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155276 Library Veranda (outside) dichlorodifluorom ethane 4. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values. dichlorodifluorom ethane toluene 3.

2 mg/m 24 hour TWA 3 1.5 µg/m 3 4.4g/m ) Total VOC 8.1 mg/m (24 hour TWA) 3 n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.31 Min-max: 137.0 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a 1.9 µg/m 3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155392 B Block GLA-20 northern aspect dichlorodifluorom ethane toluene 4.21 n/a n/a Min-max: (1.9 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a 1.7 µg/m 3 3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.7337. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.75- n/a n/a Trichlorofluorome thane Xylenes 1. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.3 .6 2.1 mg/m (24 hour annual average) 3 350 Median: µg/m 3 4.3 µg/m 3 1.9 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a TVOC (major peaks) 4. µg/m ) 3 Trichlorofluorome thane 0.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.

6 Trichlorofluoromet hane Total VOC 9. µg/m ) 3 Min-max: 56-717 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155260 C Block Centre of main music room dichlorodifluorome thane toluene 0. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.4 µg/m3 4.1 mg/m3 (24 hour TWA) Min-max: 137.6 2.31 n/a n/a 7.80 µg/m3 4. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.1 mg/m3 (24 hour TWA) n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.0 µg/m3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155274 B Block GLA-20 South side (play ground side) dichlorodifluorome thane toluene 7.3 µg/m3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a 1.75n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.4 .4 µg/m3 n/a n/a 5620 limitation n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m3 500 µg/m3 Peak n/a n/a `n/a 2.31 Min-max: 137.2 µg/m3 n/a n/a 1.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.75- n/a n/a PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.

1 mg/m3 (24 hour TWA) n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.6 µg/m3 n/a n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a 1.5 .73- Total VOC 15.75- n/a n/a PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.3 µg/m3 1.31 Min-max: 137. µg/m ) 3 Trichlorofluoromet hane 1.6 µg/m3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m3 500 µg/m3 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155400 C Block Music room office dichlorodifluorome thane toluene 8.4g/m3 ) 4.21 n/a n/a average) (1.2.2 mg/m3 24 hour TWA 1. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.1 mg/m3 (24 hour annual 350 Median: µg/m3 Min-max: 37.0 µg/m3 xylenes 4.6 2.4 trimethylbenzene 1.1 µg/m3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a 22 µg/m3 4.

6 µg/m 3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m 3 500 µg/m 3 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.4 µg/m3 n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a 1. µg/m ) 3 Trichlorofluoromet hane 1. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.75- n/a n/a Trichlorofluorome thane Total VOC 1.6 2.1 mg/m3 (24 hour TWA) n/a TWA8hr: 350 Median: 2.31 Min-max: 137.6 Total VOC 31.6 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 4950 n/a n/a n/a 1. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.5 µg/m3 n/a n/a n/a Median: 150 Min-max: 56-717 500 µg/m3 500 µg/m3 VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 Mi 155266 Library Street side external background sample dichlorodifluorom ethane toluene 7.6 µg/m 3 4.4 µg/m 3 n/a n/a 5620 limitation Peak n/a n/a n/a 10.6 .Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.

2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 49.d (µg/m ) 3 54.39 Min-max:.4230. 4. 5 minute measurement. 4.4230.5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded.5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded.39 Min-max:. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded Aldehydes Screen NIOSH 2539 3248602284 B GLA 20 Northern aspect (street side) Formaldehyde 176 (µg/m ) 3 54.2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 49.2 µg/m 3 1.2 Median: 14. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.2 Median: 14.4230.5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded Aldehydes Screen NIOSH 2539 3248602281 A Computer room Formaldehyde n.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.d (µg/m ) 3 54.7 . 5 minute measurement.39 Min-max:.2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 49. µg/m ) 3 Aldehyde Screen NIOSH 2539 3248602286 A Centre of library formaldehyde n.2 µg/m 3 1.2 Median: 14.2 µg/m 3 1. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded Heptanal 192 (µg/m ) 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A. 5 minute measurement. 4.

5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded. 5 minute measurement.2 µg/m 3 1.39 Min-max:. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded heptanal 232 (µg/m ) 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A. 4. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA. centre of room formaldehyde 196 (µg/m ) 54.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No. µg/m ) 3 Aldehydes Screen NIOSH 2539 3248602285 B GLA-20 Southern aspect.2 Median: 14.5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded heptanal 124 (µg/m ) 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a VOC SCREEN NIOSH #2549 3248602288 C Music room.2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 3 49.39 Min-max:. 5 minute measurement.2 µg/m 3 1. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 3 49.2 Median: 14. 4.4230.8 . (playground side) formaldehyde 106 (µg/m ) 54.4230.

4.5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A.3( <300) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 3 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7.5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800286 B GLA-20 Ethanolamine <0.5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800285 A Computer room Ethanolamine <0.2 µg/m 24 hour TWA 3 49. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being health well Indoor Typical Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.3 (<300) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 3 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7.2 Median: 14.39 Min-max:.9 .40 (<400) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 3 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7.4230. 3 (24 hr TWA) exceeded Heptanal 103 (µg/m ) 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800283 A Library Centre Ethanolamine <0. µg/m ) 3 Aldehydes Screen NIOSH 2539 3248602283 B GLA-20 Centre of class room Formaldehyde 85 (µg/m ) 3 54. 5 minute measurement.2 µg/m 3 1.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.5 µg/m 3 120 µg/m not to be 3 Action level: 120 µg/m not to be exceeded. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.

5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800291 C Music North white board Ethanolamine <0.10 .39 (<390) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 3 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7.5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800290 Ethanolamine <0.29 (<290) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7. Building Location Substances at detectable levels in screen Airborne Sample Concentration Qld Air DERM quality 5 4F National Environment Protection Air - Workplace Exposure Standards (8hour TWA.39 (<390) mg/m 3 (µg/m ) 3 280 µg/m 3 (1 n/a 7. mg/m ) 3 CSIRO Air Indoor – in NHMRC Interim Ambient Air Quality Goals (rescinded) Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Quality (Canada) Air Project Air objectives for and being 3 Indoor Typical health well Toxics measure Dwellings mean values.5 n/a n/a n/a week TWA) PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page A. µg/m ) 3 Amino ethanol screen NIOSH #2007 3201800287 Ethanolamine <0.Appendix A Results tables – Chemical contaminants TEST Method Tube Serial No.

Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Appendix B Building Product ingredients disclosed in MSDSs PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B.1 .

MSDS claims that exposure to formaldehyde should be less than 0. Ceiling Cemintel fibre cement calcium silica hydrate Crystalline silica calcium carbonate 40-90% water talc mica polyvinyl acetate starch cellulose ether <2% not classified as hazardous or DG CSR fine dust containing silica only when cutting. non hazardous MSDS file will not open Elite Chemicals Building products Pyneboard Particle board-softwood.5 mg/L of formaldehyde.1 ppm.1 . patching compound PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. paraffin wax <2% not classified as hazardous or DG Not classified as hazardous substance in finished state.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Cleaning substances EQ heavy duty cleaner Dipentene <10% not classified as hazardous or DG not classified as hazardous or DG Elite Chemicals irritant May cause sensitization by skin contact May cause some irritation and some nausea. grinding producing dusts only vapours not expected. abrasive action/grinding external cladding vinyl based plaster board not classified as hazardous or DG CSR Exposure from cutting. Missing MSDS cleaning chemical Multipurpose cleaner White board cleaner Not disclosed. Finished product contains less than 1. Small amounts of formaldehyde may be released from the finished product. melamine urea formaldehyde resin MUF <15%. urea/melamine/phenol/formaldehyde <10% non hazardous resin. Prolonged contact may cause dermatitis. urea formaldehyde resin <15%.

lung.2 . mica. nose. Plaster based cement calcium sulphate 65-98%. no vapours expected not expected to emit vapours Door panel customwood MDF MDF: Wood from plantation softwood 78% urea formaldehyde resin <20% melamine urea formaldehyde resin MUF <20% Paraffin wax <2% not classified as hazardous or DG Customwood Heating or machining timber may result in : .eye irritation . talc. hinges. ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer <2%. calcium carbonate. Vapour exposure unlikely if MSDS is accurate. lock hardware (3 products) plastic metal not classified as hazardous or DG not classified as hazardous or DG EMRO multiple not expected to emit vapours metallic. throat irritation. Exposure should be less than 0. especially in people with respiratory sensitivity like asthma May emit formaldehyde when heated. polyvinyl alcohol2% not classified as hazardous or DG CSR Exposure from cutting. perlite. grinding producing dusts only not expected to emit vapours curtains cotton and vinyl carriers door components white plastic door stops door handles.1 ppm per MSDS.abdominal discomfort from dust .Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Glass wool mineral glass wool heat cured binding agent <15% CAS#25104-55-6 mineral oil <2% not classified as hazardous or DG CSR Less than 0. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. Suspect cause of emissions.1% of VOC of resin remain in manufactured product.

Polymer 903 contact adhesive Ketones 0-50% Hexane (isomers) 0-50% Toluene 0-50% n-hexane 0-5% Classified as hazardous. Polymer 265 vinyl adhesive additives-trade secret 76-95% medium aliphatic petroleum solvent 15% Petroleum solvent light aromatic 1-5% Contains acrylate monomers but these are not listed in ingredients not classified as hazardous or DG RLA POLYM Product contains acrylate monomers and solvents that can cause discomfort in confined spaces or poorly ventilated areas during handling and use. not classified as hazardous or DG interface May cause irritation to nose and throat. Low vapour pressure.?possible need tpo screen for ketones PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. Potential source of VOCs Acrylates may be present. Non hazardous. Classified as dangerous goods RLA POLYM Harmful by inhalation irritating to skin do not breathe vapour Large percentage of VOCs and ketones.3 . Ardex A45 Portland cement 30-60% Graded sand 30-60% Calcium carbonate Hazardous. Mild eye irritation. Substances do not give rise to vapours.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Floor coverings & adhesives Intertac carpet tile adhesive Trade secret-not disclosed. From dusts: irritating to eyes & skin Possible respiratory sensitiser Possible skin sensitizer pressure adhesive Ardex K12 floor leveller graded sand calcium carbonate Portland cement additives Hazardous. Not a potential source of vapours. Non DG Ardex causes burns (cement dust) health effects from prolonged exposure (dust) Possible skin respiratory sensitiserdust Cementious floor leveller. Vapours not likely to prevail in long term. Non DG Ardex Exposure to dust.

toxic or oxidising agents.5% Balance of ingredients alleged to be non-hazardous. They are not reactive chemically. Hazardous. Suitable for outdoor seal for window glazing. Used to affix window trims Bostik seal & flex 1 toluene diisocyanate CAS# 584-84-9. <0. Missing MSDS No evidence of harmful products capable of off-gassing. Usually exposure is by mist or liquid as substance is not very volatile to emit vapour. This vapour can be irritant to mucous membranes. May cause sensitization by inhalation Respiratory and skin sensitizer. PVC floor covering. Polymer 1718 A & B Sheet vinyl water resistant epoxy Nylon tufted carpet tile on Glasbac backing Glazing adhesives MSDS not in disk folder nylon carpet fibre 30-60% polyvinyl chloride 10-29% non hazardous ingredients not classified as hazardous or DG RLA POLYM Not a likely source of exposure or emission. Non DG Bostik Harmful by inhalation irritating to skin do not breathe vapour. PVC Glazing gasket seal polyvinyl chloride 50-95% stabilisers 5-50% pigments 1-5% not classified as hazardous or DG APN Compounding Not expected to off gas unless heated to decomposition or on combustion. No occupational exposure std. eyes and respiratory tract. PVC plastic.4 . irritants. interface Bostik roof & gutter adhesive 2-butanone oxime (methyl ethyl ketoxime) CAS# 96-29-7 not classified as hazardous or DG Bostik releases methyl ethyl ketoxime when curing. No adverse health effects expected. Skin sensitizer-on contact with liquid. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Vinyl floor covering Ingredients not specified. Not a substance that will liberate vapours unless heated to decomposition. not classified as hazardous or DG Tarkett Marley floors These products are not either corrosive.

Will have a degreasing action on the skin. Material may be irritant to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract (airways). dizziness. May be an eye irritant.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Painting products Potential source of VOCs during drying phase. In poorly ventilated areas. unconsciousness. which can lead to loss of coordination.light aromatic hydrocarbons 1-10% Xylene 1-5% Classified as hazardous. and possible nausea. Interior paint. Ingredients not disclosed as not hazardous.5 . Repeated or prolonged skin contact may lead to irritant contact dermatitis. headache & nausea. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. or elevated temperatures. impaired judgement and if exposure is prolonged. Contact with skin will result in irritation. Contact with skin may result in irritation. Breathing in vapour can result in headaches. 307 Line Dulux professional full gloss enamel pigments 10-60% synthetic polymers 10-60% mineral turpentine 10-60% kerosene 10-60% white spirit (Stoddard solvent) naphtha solvent . Classified as dangerous goods Dulux solvent based surface coating used on all doors 677 line Berger Gold Label Interior Low Sheen pigments 30-60% synthetic polymers 30-60% water 30-60% non hazardous ingredients balance up to 100% not classified as hazardous or DG Dulux May be an eye irritant. vapour may cause irritation to mucous membranes or the respiratory tract. Breathing in high concentrations can produce central nervous system depression. drowsiness.

Product is non volatile.6 . INHALATION: Not considered a normal route of exposure. Classified as dangerous goods Bostik source of VOCs but likely to gas off in short term. May be present in kitchen and plumbed areas. SKIN: Direct contact may produce skin irritation. Classified as dangerous goods Vapour irritating and harmful Harmful by inhalation irritating to eyes and respiratory system vapours may cause drowsiness & giddiness Vapour irritating and harmful Harmful by inhalation irritating to eyes and respiratory system vapours may cause drowsiness & giddiness Not a likely source of exposure or emission. Adhesive Exposure not expected to be significant. PVC plumb-weld PVC Priming Fluid methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 30-60% acetone 30-60% Classified as hazardous. Roller shutters Roller shutters Joinery adhesives Steel Bracket Paint Duralloy barium sulfate titanium dioxide Diiron trioxide not classified as hazardous or DG Bunnings Dulux Maxbond PVA polyinylacetate (PVA) 30-60% copolymer water nonhazardous ingredients Hazardous. May cause irritation to nose and throat if used in a poorly ventilated area. No adverse health effects expected. Technical data sheet MSDS not supplied Plaskem PVC Cement N Blue Bostik Plumbing cement for pipes. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. Non DG HB Fuller Vinyl acetate monomer has TWA 10ppm EYE: Direct contact with eyes may result in irritation.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Plumbing methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 30-60% cyclohexanone 10-30% acetone 10-30% non hazardous ingredients balance to 100% Classified as hazardous.

Starstuk PB 925 N Difluoroethane <40% Dichloromethane (methylene Chloride) 10-30% Hydrocarbon propellant <40% Classified as hazardous. its persistence is unlikely due to high volatility. This should only be a short term emission. Classified as dangerous goods (Gas propellant) Premier Bond Adhesives Substances are in propellant spray can. However. MSDS may not exist as the panel is not a hazardous substance as such Technical data sheet only. laminex veriboard No information provided about potential contaminants in ingredients. MSDS may not exist as the panel is not a hazardous substance as such Laminex compact laminate No information provided about potential contaminants in ingredients. Methylene chloride is a substance that is a confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans. MSDS may not exist as the panel is not a hazardous substance as such.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Joinery products & laminates Lamiwood is available in the lower formaldehyde emission level E0 but it would appear that this product is NOT the low formaldehyde emissions material but formaldehyde E1.7 . Dichloromethane is used as both a propellant and adhesive due to its use in dissolving plastics. Unlikely to persist if area well ventilated. not classified as hazardous or DG Laminex Laminex ABS edging No information provided about potential contaminants in ingredients. Technical data sheet only. not classified as hazardous or DG Laminex Product may emit formaldehyde < 1mg/L as per test data for formaldehyde E1 specifications. Technical data sheet only. Product may emit formaldehyde < 1mg/L as per test data for formaldehyde E1 specifications. MSDS may not exist as the panel is not a hazardous substance as such Technical data sheet only. Laminex Lamiwood MR not classified as hazardous or DG Laminex Product may emit formaldehyde < 1mg/L as per test data for formaldehyde E1 specifications. not classified as hazardous or DG Laminex Whiteboards Product will emit VOC vapours in drying/curing phase. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. Product may emit formaldehyde < 1mg/L as per test data for formaldehyde E1 specifications.

manufactured product and not a substance. This product is covered in vinyl. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B. Not classified as hazardous as the product is a finished. The MSDS indicates the concentration is unlikely to exceed 0. Customwood MR Plantation softwood & eucalypt Urea Formaldehyde Resin <20% (UF) melamine urea formaldehyde resin <20% (MUF) not classified as hazardous or DG Customwood MSDS indicates that formaldehyde may be released when product is heated and some other conditions. When the room volume and surface areas of material used will determine the concentration in a room. MSDS indicates that formaldehyde may be released when product is heated and some other conditions.1ppm although the rational basis for this cannot be explained. manufactured product and not a substance.1ppm although the rational basis for this cannot be explained. Classified as dangerous goods (flammable) Selleys Pty Ltd Product will emit VOC vapours in drying/curing phase.8 . When the room volume and surface areas of material used will determine the concentration in a room. Potential source of formaldehyde. Adhesive used to fix pin-board to wall. NB. Pin-boards for class room areas MDF backing materials Wood from plantation softwood and eucalyptus Urea formaldehyde resin (UF)<20% Melamine urea formaldehyde resin (MUF) <20% Not classified as hazardous or DG Customwood Potential source of formaldehyde.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Selleys Liquid nails-solvent based glue Kaolin 10-30% Calcium Carbonate 10-30% Synthetic polymer 10-30% n-hexane 1-10% Naphtha (petroleum hydrotreated light) CAS # 64742-49-0 Classified as hazardous. With adhesives used to sandwich the products together. This should only be a short term emission. Not classified as hazardous as the product is a finished. The MSDS indicates the concentration is unlikely to exceed 0.

Decorwood table tops Not classified as hazardous or DG Laminex PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2160857A-RPT005-A-aw Page B.01% of free formaldehyde.Appendix B Building Product Ingredients Site: Manly State School MSDS Review Product Name Ingredients Classification Manufacturer Hazards Comments Smart Tables from Bizfurn Wood particles >85% Urea formaldehyde resin <13% Melamine urea formaldehyde resin <13% Paraffin wax <2% MSDS alleged that the finished product contains 0.9 .

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