001

NO APPETITE
for Australian GM wheat
!""#!"#$% :(.-05
April 2013
NETWORK OF
CONCERNED FARMERS
002
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Endorsements
This report, its findings and
recommendations have been endorsed by
the following organisations: FOODwatch,
Gene Ethics, Madge (Mothers Are
Demystifying Genetic Engineering), Safe
Food Foundation, SAgfin (South Australia
Genetic Food Information Network) and
the Network of Concern Farmers.
For more information contact:
info@safefoodfoundation.org
Cover image: ©Blackroom | Dreamstime.com
Executive Summary
Genetically modified (GM) wheat is not grown commercially anywhere in the world. While attempts have
been made to introduce GM wheat to Canada and the United States, they failed due to market rejection
and fears of contamination. Now Australia is poised to be the first country ever to grow and sell GM
wheat. The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) has issued licences for GM wheat field trials
in New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory with
the aim of commercialising GM wheat by 2015.
Wheat is Australia’s most important agricultural commodity, estimated to be worth $7.5 billion in 2011-12. About
two thirds of it is exported. Despite the value of wheat to the Australian economy, there is little understanding
about the attitudes of wheat buyers towards GM wheat and their feelings regarding contamination risks. The
Canadian experience showed introducing GM wheat would also affect conventional and organic wheat farmers
because buyers know segregation is impossible. Would importers of Australian wheat keep buying it if GM wheat
was introduced in Australia, or would they go elsewhere?
This report details the results of an extensive investigation into the attitudes towards GM wheat of major wheat buying
companies in Australia and in key export markets. Survey questionnaires were sent to major pasta, noodle, flour
and biscuit companies in Australia, Indonesia, Italy, Japan and Malaysia. Official Australian company policies were
also investigated. The response was overwhelming. Twenty-five major food companies, including Barilla, Bakers
Delight, Coles, Sanitarium, and General Mills, state that they are not interested in buying GM wheat, or have a policy
excluding all GM ingredients. The rejection letters are released for the first time in this report and give a clear indication
that our existing Australian wheat markets would be jeopardised by the introduction of GM wheat.
These new survey results are consistent with similar industry findings. A 2011 Grain Growers Limited report prepared
for the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) suggests that Australia’s key export markets (80%
by value) will not buy GM wheat now or in the foreseeable future. The report also states that the domestic and feed
millers do not believe Australian consumers would accept GM wheat in the foreseeable future.
Growing GM wheat in Australia would have devastating economic consequences for tax payers, wheat farmers
and the food industry.
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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01

Contents
Introduction: Australia paves the way for GM wheat 03
1

The threat of contamination 04
2

Multi-billion dollar export markets reject GM wheat 05
3

Aussies say no to GM wheat 08
Conclusion and recommendations: Australian wheat must stay GM free 10
Appendices 11
References 27
02
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat

Introduction: Australia paves
the way for GM wheat
Wheat is the staple food of almost half the world’s
population. It is also Australia’s most important
agricultural commodity with an estimated gross value
of $7.5 billion in 2011-2012
1
. Australia exported 66.8%
of its wheat (by volume)
2
in 2010-2011.
Genetically modified (GM) wheat is yet to be
commercialised anywhere in the world. Though 43%
of the world’s GM crops were grown in the United
States last year
3
, the US Government has expressed
concern about the likely public reaction to the
commercial cultivation of GM wheat. According to
the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA),
“US food processors are wary of consumer reaction
to products containing GM wheat, so no GM wheat is
commercially grown in the United States”
4
.
Monsanto also tried to introduce GM wheat in
Canada but market and farmer pressure pushed the
transnational corporation to withdraw its application
in 2004
5
. The Canadian National Farmers Union
explained that one of the main reasons for the rejection
was that “segregation is costly and will fail”. They were
also concerned about market loss, stating that “the
international customers that buy 82% of Canada’s
wheat crop say that they will stop buying if Canada
introduces GM wheat”
6
.
In 2010, Monsanto bought 19.9% of the
Western Australian public grains research body,
InterGrain with the aim of increasing its share
in the future
7
. InterGrain produces 40% to 50%
of the wheat varieties sown in Australia
8
.
GM wheat research, led by the Commonwealth
Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
(CSIRO), the University of Adelaide and the Victorian
Department of Primary Industries, is underway in
Australia. Commercial varieties could be authorised as
soon as 2015
9
. Yet there is still no clear understanding
of the full impact of commercial GM wheat on
Australia’s largest agricultural commodity. The costs
of attempting to avoid GM contamination, and of
redressing contamination once it occurs, are currently
borne by conventional and organic farmers and
ultimately the food industry and taxpayers.
This report aims to create a better understanding of
what the world really wants from Australian wheat.
It includes company statements covering the key
markets for the Australian wheat industry, including
Australia, Indonesia, Italy, Japan and Malaysia, and
available company policies on GM ingredients. It also
analyses the findings of a Grain Growers Ltd’ 2011
industry report
10
into what the buyers of Australian
wheat want from the Australian wheat industry.
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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03
1
The threat of contamination
The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR)
has already issued thirteen licences for open field trials
of GM wheat
11
. Some of these trials are still underway
in New South Wales, South Australia, Western
Australia and the Australian Capital Territory
12
. In the
past, Victoria also ran such trials
13
. Contamination
of conventional wheat with experimental GM wheat
is a real possibility despite strategies put in place
to “prevent pollen dispersal”
14
. If GM wheat is
commercialised on a large scale, contamination of
conventional and organic wheat would be inevitable.
The GM contamination register, a reputable source
noted by the United Nation Convention on Biological
Diversity (CBD)
15
, shows that contamination constantly
occurs and can come from many sources. Wheat
is considered predominantly self-pollinating, but the
transfer of pollen at distances of tens of metres has
been observed
16
. Contamination also takes place in
many other ways, both on farm and after harvest.
For example, spillage during transport, mislabelling,
misreading of labels, mistakes in handling, illegal
planting, use of machinery without careful cleaning,
and lack of effective segregation have all occurred with
other GM crops
17
.
The precise mechanisms of contamination, however,
are often unclear. In a court case, Bayer cited an “act
of God” as responsible for a major contamination of
US rice exports with unapproved GM rice in over 30
countries worldwide. It led to severe disruption of the
US rice industry. In July 2011, Bayer eventually agreed
to a US$750 million settlement to resolve claims with
about 11,000 US farmers for market losses and clean-
up costs
18
.
GM contamination comes at a high cost to all farmers.
Researchers from the University of Saskatchewan
in Canada referred to GM Roundup Ready wheat
as “a lemon” because the inability to segregate GM
wheat from non-GM wheat would have effectively
soured the entire export market. They estimated that
the introduction of Roundup Ready wheat in Canada
would have caused annual losses of US$45.8 million
and US$32.3 million respectively to the adopters and
non-adopters of the technology, while bringing in a net
return of US$156.7 million to Monsanto
19
. All wheat
producers would have lost because 82% of those
importing Canadian wheat said they would not accept
GM wheat.
Australian governments are aware that totally effective
grain segregation is impossible and industry standards
are set around this reality. The Primary Industries
Ministerial Council (PIMC) allows a 0.5% adventitious
presence of GM canola in non-GM canola seed-
for-sowing
20
and a 0.9% adventitious presence in
harvested canola. GM food labelling is also “not
required” where there is “no more than 1% (per
ingredient) of an approved GM food unintentionally
present in a processed food product”
21
.
From experience with the potential introduction of
GM wheat in Canada and the many examples of GM
contamination all around the world, it is clear that
the cultivation of GM wheat carries unacceptable
contamination risks.
04
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
2
Multi-billion dollar export
markets reject GM wheat
Australia exported 66.8% of its wheat (by volume)
in 2010-2011. The leading industry body for the
Australian grains industry, Grain Growers Ltd
(GrainGrowers), prepared a market report for the
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
(DAFF) designed to “provide an understanding of what
buyers of Australian wheat want from the Australian
wheat industry”
22
. The final version of the report,
released in April 2011 found that GM wheat was
“still widely regarded as not acceptable for the
foreseeable future”.
The report, entitled What the World Wants from
Australian Wheat, was based on analysis of industry
surveys and interviews with flour and stock feed
manufacturers in Australia, South East Asia, North Asia,
the Middle East and Europe. In total, 31 companies
importing Australian wheat and 13 domestic flour
millers and stock feed buyers were surveyed. They all
remained anonymous in the report.
The GrainGrowers’ report findings are overwhelming.
Key regions that buy Australian wheat are not ready to
import GM wheat. According to the report, acceptance
of GM wheat needs to be assisted in South East Asia,
“there are significant concerns over the introduction
of GM wheat in the future” in North Asia, the Middle
Eastern millers don’t think GM wheat would be
accepted before at least five years, and Europe will not
consider GM wheat in the foreseeable future.
Yet the GrainGrowers report fails to put a figure on the
total percentage of the Australian wheat market that
rejects GM wheat and the exact dollar amount this
represents for Australia’s wheat industry. The missing
information from the GrainGrower’s report on specific
export volume and the dollar value of wheat purchased
by country has been requested but this demand has
been rejected. A Freedom of Information request made
to DAFF in December 2011 was also unsuccessful.
This is important information that should have been
provided in the report to verify statements on market
rejection of GM wheat and to calculate the potential
costs of GM wheat to Australia’s wheat industry.
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) data
23

shows that, in 2010-2011, South East Asia, North
Asia, the Middle East and Europe represented about
80% by volume of the Australian wheat export market.
This trade was worth $4.37 billion (see Appendix 1
for details).
From the available information it is fair to conclude that
the buyers of 80% of Australian wheat will not buy GM
wheat now or in the foreseeable future.
To provide a greater depth of understanding of
these export markets, we surveyed major food
companies in Indonesia, Italy, Japan and Malaysia
(representing a total of 34% in volume of importers
of Australian wheat) regarding their views on GM
wheat. This section presents excerpts of their
responses and their original letters are included as
appendices on pages 12 to 26.
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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05
Indonesia
Carrefour Indonesia
“Carrefour Indonesia follows the Group’s commitment
on GMO and does not have GMO in our brand
product (private label).”
1 October 2012 (see Appendix 2)
The Carrefour Group is the world’s second largest
retailer. Carrefour Indonesia currently has 85 outlets
nationwide
24
.
Italy
Barilla
“Referring to the announce [sic] of the Australia GM
wheat commercialization program, Barilla (applying
rigorous procedures regarding the selection, purchase
and management of wheat raw materials) will take a
hard look to the evolution in order to maintain its not
[sic] GMO commitment.”
30 November 2011 (see Appendix 3)
Barilla is one of today’s top Italian food companies.
It exports about 2,300,000 tonnes of food products
to more than 100 countries every year. In 2011
Barilla had net sales of more than 4 billion euros
25
.
Japan
Ace Cook
“As GM wheat is currently not available in the
Japanese market, our company thinks that there is
no evidence on which to make a decision. Moreover,
we have no intention to make products that contain
ingredients that are not desired by the consumers.”
19 September 2012 (see Appendix 4)
Ace Cook manufactures and sells noodles, soup
and condiments. It had 80 million yen turnover in
2008 (about $925,520). Its Harusame brand is the
top selling noodle brand in Japan.
26
Flour Millers Association of Japan
“Considering the current situation, we think that
products using GM wheat or wheat that has
a possibility to be genetically modified are not
acceptable in the Japanese market. Therefore, as
Flour Millers Association, we cannot use materials that
are unacceptable by consumers in our country.”
17 July 2012 (see Appendix 5)
The Flour Millers Association of Japan is the industry
association for wheat producers / flour millers.
Sanyo Foods
“Consumers are strongly concerned about the safety
for human health and the impact on the environment
concerning GM crops. Currently, there is no GM wheat
on the market; hence there is no evidence on which
to make a decision. However, we have no intention to
make products using ingredients that are not desired
by consumers.”
18 September 2012 (see Appendix 6).
Sanyo Foods manufactures instant, chilled, and
frozen noodles.
27
Showa Sangyo
Showa Sangyo’s reply is almost identical to the Flour
Millers Association of Japan’s response.
“Considering the current situation, we think that
products using GM wheat or wheat that has
a possibility to be genetically modified are not
acceptable in the Japanese market. Therefore,
we cannot use materials that are unacceptable by
consumers in Japan.”
26 June 2012 (see Appendix 7)
Showa Sangyo is a manufacturer of food products in
Japan principally engaged in flour milling. It provides
flour, premix products, sweets and frozen products
28
.
Anonymous Japanese company 1
“We believe that consumers in Japan would not be
accepting wheat flour that contains GM wheat as well
as foods that are from such wheat. This is the situation
in Japan, therefore, we consider that the use of GMO-
wheat should be avoided.”
26 June 2012 (see Appendix 8)
Industrial flour milling company.
06
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Anonymous Japanese company 2
“It is doubtful that the current Japanese market will
accept products made of GM wheat or wheat that
has a possibility to be genetically modified. Therefore,
considering this situation, our company will not utilize
these materials.”
19 July 2012 (see Appendix 9)
Company engaged in the manufacture of wheat flour
and food.
Anonymous Japanese companies 3 and 4
“The ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries
in Japan has been conducting surveys among
the citizens to ask their opinions about GM crops.
According to the results of such surveys, we
understood that there are many people that are
concerned of the safety and the impact of GM
agricultural crops towards human health and the
environment. Considering this current situation,
that consumers are concerned about GM food,
our company’s position is that products using GM
wheat or wheat that has a possibility to be genetically
modified will not be accepted in the Japanese
market. Moreover, we will continue to monitor the
citizens’ surveys concerning GM agricultural crops in
the future.”
25 August 2012 (se Appendix 10)
19 July 2012 (see Appendix 11)
Answer received on 19 July 2012 from a holding
company that is engaged in the flour milling business.
We received exactly the same answer on 25 August
2012 from a noodle company.
Anonymous Japanese company 5
“Many consumers in Japan are concerned about the
safety of GM agricultural crops upon human health,
and therefore we think that products produced by
GM wheat are unacceptable in Japan. Moreover,
since Japanese government has not yet conducted
safety assessment in regards to GM wheat, it is illegal
to apply it on products.”
26 July 2012 (see Appendix 12)
Noodle company.
Malaysia
Nestlé Malaysia
“Nestlé does not develop or grow GMO. Nestlé
Malaysia’s policy is to produce and commercialise
only non-GMO products ... Furthermore, Nestlé takes
into consideration consumer preferences as well as
attitudes concerning the use of ingredients derived
from Genetically Modified crops. Accordingly, Nestlé
Malaysia requires suppliers to demonstrate that only
non-Genetically Modified ingredients are supplied.” 
14 June 2012 (see Appendix 13)
Nestlé is often presented as the world’s biggest food
company. It registered a turnover of RM4.7 billion
(about A$1,470 billion) in Malaysia in 2011.
29
Anonymous Malaysian company
“If GM wheat was on the market, we would expect a
lower price for it compared to conventional wheat but
we will avoid it unless there is no choice of selection.”
1 June 2012 (see Appendix 14)
Major Malaysian snack manufacturer.
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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07
3
Aussies say NO to GM wheat
21.8% of Australian wheat (by volume) was used
in Australia in 2010-2011. The Australian domestic
market is very negative towards the use of GM wheat.
According to the GrainGrowers’ report, “the domestic
flour and feed millers did not consider that GM wheat
would be accepted for Australian food production
in the foreseeable future. It was considered that this
was driven by consumer preference.” A July 2012
polling conducted by Newspoll also reveals that 66%
of Australian mothers would prefer to buy food free of
GM wheat. In contrast, only 3% of Australian mothers
would prefer to buy food that contains GM wheat,
while another 29% have no preference either way and
3% don’t know
30
.
Summarised below are the rejection letters and official
company policy excluding all GM ingredients.
ALDI
“ALDI does not stock any products which are
labelled as containing GM ingredients.”
31

(Aldi’s public commitment)
Over 260 ALDI stores are currently operating across
New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory,
Queensland and Victoria. 97 % of their products are
Australian grown
32
.
Bakers Delight
“Bakers Delight does not use genetically modified
ingredients in line with Food Standards Australia New
Zealand (FSANZ). In line with this policy we do not
intend on sourcing GM wheat in the future.”
18 July 2012 (see Appendix 15)
Bakers Delight is Australia’s most successful bakery
franchise and holds 13.8% of the bread market
33
.
Brasserie Bread
“If GM wheat was available on the market in the near
future, we would not buy GM wheat … We demand
the labeling of products with GM.”
2 August 2012 (see Appendix 16)
Brasserie Bread produces and supplies a range of
bread, pastries and cakes to over 400 restaurants,
hotels, cafés and delis in Australia.
34
Campbell Arnott’s
“The policy sets out our position on the GM status
of the ingredients – including wheat – that we use in
our products for sale in Australia and New Zealand …
Our policy is to use non-GE (genetically engineered)
ingredients. We audit existing and new ingredients
suppliers on an ongoing basis and we’ve also added a
provision in their contracts stipulating our requirement
for non-GE ingredients.”
25 September 2012 (see Appendix 17)
Arnott’s is Australia’s No. 1 biscuit brand with 60%
market share. It manufactures the very popular Tim
Tam biscuits.
35

Coles
“Coles Brand products do not use genetically modified
ingredients.”
36

(Coles’ public commitment)
Coles is a leader in Australian food retailing with
18 million customer transactions each week and $32
billion in revenue in 2011
37
.
General Mills
“Because of the complexity it would add to our global
supply chain, we have opposed the introduction of
genetically-modified wheat.”
12 October 2012 (see Appendix 18)
General Mills is one of the world’s larger food
companies, with manufacturing facilities in more than
30 countries
38
. Their global net sales were $16.7 billion
in fiscal year 2012
39
.
08
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Laucke Flour Mills
“Laucke Flour Mills has a policy of active avoidance of
the use or inclusion of Genetically Modified Organisms
(GMOs) or such genetically modified ingredients.
Laucke requires insurance (sic) of all suppliers that their
products are GMO free, and we have further sought
prior notice from suppliers regarding any change in the
GMO status of any material intended for supply to us.”
17 July 2012 (see Appendix 19)
Laucke Flour Mills is renowned internationally for the
production of a wide range of high quality flours for the
food industry and home bakers.
40
Menora Foods
“Menora Foods will avoid the use of GM wheat in its
products unless there are no viable alternatives.”
11 July 2012 (see Appendix 20)
Menora Foods is Australia’s leading, privately-owned,
food marketing and distribution business. It has a
range of quality bakery goods including cakes, waffles,
wraps and specialty breads
41
.
Metcash/IGA
“Metcash/IGA are pleased to advise that there is
a requirement in our supplier agreement that no
GM ingredients (including wheat), food additives,
processing aids or enzymes be used in our corporate
branded products, which include IGA Signature and
Black & Gold brand.”
13 August 2012 (see Appendix 21)
Metcash is the major distributor of groceries to
IGA stores.
42

Sanitarium
“We are committed to providing foods that are not
manufactured from GM ingredients. We thereby ensure
that none of our ingredients require GM labelling in
accordance with the Australia New Zealand Food
Standards Code 1.5.2(4). Where the confidence of
consumers require explicit assurance of non-GM
status, we go beyond the food labelling content
requirements by utilising a segregated “non-GM”
supply chain, supported by comprehensive handling,
testing & auditing protocols, to ensure that we meet
consumer needs.”
28 October 2010 (see Appendix 22)
Sanitarium is Australia’s number 1 selling breakfast
cereal (including Weet-Bix™, Australia’s favourite
breakfast cereal)
43
.
San Remo
“San Remo’s pasta is completely free of Genetically
Modified ingredients. San Remo Durum wheat is
grown in Australia’s ideal conditions, helped by
the sun, rain and good soil. So if natural foods are
important to you, San Remo dry pasta should be your
first choice
44
.”
(San Remo’s public commitment)
San Remo is the largest dry pasta manufacturer and
is the No.1 pasta company in Australia with more than
50% market share
45
. San Remo’s pasta is already
labelled “free of genetic modification”.
Woolworths
“Woolworths own brand products do not use
genetically modified (GM) ingredients.”
46

(Woolworths’ public commitment)
Woolworths is Australia’s largest supermarket chain.
In 2012, it announced sales of $55,130 million
47
.
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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09
Conclusion and recommendations:
Australian wheat must stay GM free
Evidence from across the globe shows there is a high
risk that GM wheat will contaminate conventional and
organic wheat varieties if Australia introduces GM
wheat on a commercial scale. Contamination can occur
at any point from seed to spoon via cross–pollination,
misreading of labels or mistakes in handling, illegal
planting, use of machinery without careful cleaning,
spillages, or lack of effective segregation.
The GrainGrowers’ report states wheat importers
in South East Asia, North Asia, Middle East and
Europe will not buy GM wheat now or in the
foreseeable future. About 80% of Australian wheat is
exported to these geographic areas. It accounted for
$4.37 billion of the Australian wheat market value from
2010 to 2011.
The GrainGrowers’ report also states clearly that
the domestic and feed millers do not believe
Australian consumers would accept GM wheat in
the foreseeable future.
These findings are in line with a significant number
of rejection letters from major food companies in
Australia, Malaysia, Japan, Indonesia and Italy,
released for the first time in this report. The world
wants Australian wheat to stay GM free.
The implications of GM contamination on the global
competitiveness of Australian wheat warrant a rigorous
risk assessment. GM wheat commercialisation poses
an unacceptable threat to a $7.5 billion industry.
Given the risks to tax payers, wheat farmers and the
food industry, any plan to commercialise GM wheat in
Australia should be revoked.
Recommendations
Australian governments must create a secure future for Australian wheat  by adopting and implementing
policies to:
º ban open a|r GM wheat fe|d tr|a|s as they may oontam|nate oonvent|ona| and organ|o wheat supp||es,
º rejeot oommero|a| ou|t|vat|on of GM wheat, and
º support Austra||a`s outt|ng-edge researoh on susta|nab|e farm|ng systems.
10
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendices
Appendix 1: Australia’s export of wheat by country in 2010-2011
Country
 
Figures from ‘Composition of trade Australia 2010-11’
Quotes from the
GrainGrowers’
report
Quantity Value
Tonnes
% export
market A$000
% export
market
World 18,363,312 100% 5,492,057 100%  
South East Asia
Indonesia 3,855,377 20.99% 1,131,584 20.60% South East Asia:
Need to “assist
the acceptance of
GM wheat”
Vietnam 1,868,837 10.18% 543,753 9.90%
Malaysia 927,289 5.05% 273,525 4.98%
Burma 175,284 0.95% 53,196 0.97%
Philippines 729,957 3.98% 193,254 0.97%
Singapore 94,217 0.51% n/a n/a
Thailand 657,052 3.58% 185,923 3.39%
Cambodia 27,084 0.15% 10,252 0.19%
Total SEA 8,335,097 45.39% 2,418,422 44.03%
North Asia
Japan 1,174,516 6.40% 407,812 7.43% North Asia:
There are
significant
concerns over
the introduction
of GM wheat in
the foreseeable
future.”
Republic of Korea 1,195,994 6.51% 367,296 6.69%
China 530,296 2.89% n/a n/a
Taiwan 316,962 1.73% 105,768 1.93%
Hong Kong (SAR of China) 1,099 0.01% n/a n/a
Total North Asia 3,218,867 17.53% 1,025,663 18.68%
Middle East
Yemen 778,691 4.24% 214,714 3.91% Middle East:
“[GM wheat
acceptance] may
be at least five
years away”
UAE 353,484 1.92% 100,876 1.84%
Kuwait 371,814 2.02% 107,209 1.95%
Iraq 906,343 4.94% 318,851 5.81%
Saudi Arabia 66,330 0.36% 16,517 0.30%
Bahrain 43,013 0.23% 16,473 29.99%
Oman 158,790 0.86% 49,710 0.91%
Israel 36,533 0.20% 9,581 0.17%
Lebanon 26,096 0.14% 8,756 0.16%
Total Middle East 2,741,094 14.93% 842,691 15.34%
Europe
Italy 177,725 0.97% 56,077 1.02% Europe:
“GM wheat will
not be considered
in Europe for
the foreseeable
future.”
United Kingdom 1,494 0.01% n/a n/a
Germany 43,293 0.24% 27,677 0.50%
Total Europe 222,512 1.21% 83,754 >1.52%
Total South East Asia,
North Asia, Middle East,
Europe
14517570 79.06% 4,370,530 79.57%
Table References: ‘What the World Wants from Australian Wheat’, Stakeholder report 2011, a GrainGrowers Limited report, April 2011
‘Composition of trade Australia 2010-11’, Market Information and Research Section, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), December 2011
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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11
Appendix 2: Carrefour Indonesia
Dear Rachel,
I hope you are doing well.
Carrefour Indonesia follows the Group's commitment on GMO and does not have GMO in our brand product
(private label).
All the best.
Thank you.
Salam
Joko
Rachel Dujardin ---09/20/2012 02:03:11 PM---Dear Joko Arif, Australia could be the first country in the word to
commercialize genetically
From: Rachel Dujardin <rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org>
To: joko_arif@carrefour.com
Date: 09/20/2012 02:03 PM
Subject: Genetically wheat (GM) grown in Australia
[Texte des messages précédents masqué]
[Texte des messages précédents masqué]
[attachment "Carrefour Indonesia.pdf" deleted by Joko Arif/ID/CARREFOUR/GROUPE-CARREFOUR] [attachment "Wheat questionaire.pdf" deleted by
Joko Arif/ID/CARREFOUR/GROUPE-CARREFOUR] [attachment "GE_trials_are_risky_Factsheet.pdf" deleted by Joko Arif/ID/CARREFOUR/GROUPE-
CARREFOUR] [attachment "GrainGrowersReportAnalysis.pdf" deleted by Joko Arif/ID/CARREFOUR/GROUPE-CARREFOUR] [attachment
"RNAi_summary.pdf" deleted by Joko Arif/ID/CARREFOUR/GROUPE-CARREFOUR]
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Greenpeace Mail - Genetically wheat (GM) grown in Australia https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1b30d2fb8a&view=pt&q=...
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Appendix 3: Barilla


30 November 2011



$XVWUDOLD*0ZKHDWFRPPHUFLDOL]DWLRQSURJUDP
8arIlla's keen Interest In the latest advances and breakthroughs In the area of
the bIotechnology as applIed to the agrIcultural and food IndustrIes, wIthout,
of course, neglectIng the ethIcal Issues Involved.

When It comes to usIng genetIcally modIfIed organIsms (C|D's) In the
agrIcultural and food Industry however, people are stIll concerned about the
possIble rIsks Involved wIth thIs type of applIcatIon, and are wonderIng just
what sort of real opportunItIes do actually exIst.

%DULOOD has therefore decIded to play It safe and refraIn from the use of
genetIcally modIfIed IngredIents,JXDUDQWHHLQJQRWWRXVH*02LQJUHGLHQWVIRU
DOO LWV SURGXFWV. ThIs choIce, whIch stems from our manufacturIng strategy, Is
unrelated to any IdeologIcal commItments.

Ìn order to achIeve these objectIves, 8arIlla adopts for all Its products the
European FegulatIons whIch, In regard to communIcatIon parameters,
oblIgatIons and transparency, are strIct and effectIve.

FeferrIng to the announce of the $XVWUDOLD *0 ZKHDW FRPPHUFLDOL]DWLRQ
SURJUDP, 8arIlla (applyIng rIgorous procedures regardIng the selectIon,
purchase and management of wheat raw materIals) ZLOO WDNH D KDUG ORRN WR
WKHHYROXWLRQLQRUGHUWRPDLQWDLQLWVQRW*02FRPPLWPHQW.


12
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 4: Ace Cook
Rachel Dujardin <rdujardi@greenpeace.org>
㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪䠄 㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪䠄 㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪䠄 㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪䠄ACECOOK CO.,LTD䠅 䠅䠅 䠅
3 messages
䜶䞊䝇䝁䝑䜽䠄ᰴ䠅ᕝすஂ⨾Ꮚ 䜶䞊䝇䝁䝑䜽䠄ᰴ䠅ᕝすஂ⨾Ꮚ 䜶䞊䝇䝁䝑䜽䠄ᰴ䠅ᕝすஂ⨾Ꮚ 䜶䞊䝇䝁䝑䜽䠄ᰴ䠅ᕝすஂ⨾Ꮚ <kawanishi@acecook.co.jp> 19 septembre 2012 17:49
À : Rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org
Cc : ୗཱྀ㒊㛗 <shimoguchi@acecook.co.jp>
Dear Ms. Rachel Dujardin
Greenpeace
Sustainable Agriculture Campaigner
㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪
ᙜ♫䛸䛧䛶䛿㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛿⌧ᐇ䛻᪥ᮏ䛾ᕷሙ䛷䛿ὶ㏻䛧䛶䛚䜙䛪䚸
ุ᩿ᮦᩱ䛜䛺䛔䜒䛾䛸⪃䛘䛶䛚䜚䜎䛩䚹
䜎䛯䚸䛭䜒䛭䜒ᾘ㈝⪅䛜ồ䜑䛶䛺䛔䜒䛾䜢ཎᩱ䛻౑⏝䛩䜛ពᅗ䛿䛒䜚䜎䛫䜣䚹
௨ୖ
Yours sincerely
Masao Shimoguchi
ACECOOK CO.,LTD
Rachel Dujardin <rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org> 19 septembre 2012 17:50
À : Akiko Frid <akiko.frid@greenpeace.org>
I just received that (no pj attached). What does that mean??
[Texte des messages précédents masqué]
--
Rachel Dujardin
Sustainable Agriculture Campaigner
Greenpeace Australia / Pacific
Level 2, 33 Mountain Street
Ultimo NSW 2007
Australia
Desk: +61 (0) 2 9263 0311
Mobile: +61 (0) 4 0716 0747
Greenpeace is an independent campaigning organisation that uses non-violent direct action to expose global environmental problems and
to force solutions which are essential to a green and peaceful future. Greenpeace's goal is to ensure the ability of the earth to nurture life
in all its diversity.
Akiko Frid <akiko.frid@greenpeace.org> 19 septembre 2012 18:18
À : Rachel Dujardin <rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org>
Rather good one!
It says:
There is no GM wheat on the market currently, therefore there is no material in reality we could use to make decisions.
At the same time, we do not have any intention to use raw materials, which consumers do not demand in the first place.
[Texte des messages précédents masqué]
--
Akiko Frid
Greenpeace GMO Campaign http://www.greenpeace.se/gmo
Greenpeace Mail - 㑇ఏᏊ⤌䜏᥮䛘ᑠ㯏䛻㛵䛩䜛ᙜ♫䛾᪉㔪䠄AC... https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1b30d2fb8a&view=pt&se...
1 of 2 20/09/2012 1:34 PM
Appendix 5: Flour Millers Association of Japan
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
13
Appendix 6: Sanyo Foods
Appendix 7: Showa Sangyo
14
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 8: Anonymous (Japan)
Appendix 9: Anonymous (Japan)
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
15
Appendix 10: Anonymous (Japan)
Appendix 11: Anonymous (Japan)
16
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 12: Anonymous (Japan)
Appendix 13: Nestlé Malaysia
Abdul Rahman,Zamira Yasmin,PETALING JAYA,Group Corporate Affairs
ZamiraYasmin.AbdulRahman@my.nestle.com
à rachel.dujardin, Annie,PETALING

14 juin
Dear Ms. Dujardin

We refer to your email to Ms. Annie Lim and the letter (attached) to Mr. Peter Vogt,
Managing Director of Nestlé Malaysia regarding Genetically Modified (GM) wheat grown in
Australia. With regards to the issue, please find below Nestlé’s response:
“Nestlé does not develop or grow GMO. Nestlé Malaysia’s policy is to produce and
commercialize only non-GMO products.
The safety of our products and the integrity of the ingredients from which they are
manufactured are paramount to Nestlé. All raw materials used by Nestlé comply with
strict regulatory and safety evaluations.
Furthermore, Nestlé takes into consideration consumer preferences as well as attitudes
concerning the use of ingredients derived from Genetically Modified crops.
Accordingly, Nestlé Malaysia requires suppliers to demonstrate that only non-
Genetically Modified ingredients are supplied. This is supported with Identity
Preservation systems where appropriate. Nestlé conducts ongoing audits of our
suppliers to ensure compliance with our requirements.”

Thank you

Kind regards

Zamira Yasmin Abd Rahman
Corporate Affairs Manager
Group Corporate Affairs Department



Nestle (Malaysia) Berhad, 22 - 1. 22nd Floor, Menara Surian, No. 1, Jalan PJU 7/3, Mutiara
Damansara, 47810 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. Tel: 603-7965 6212, Fax: 603-7962
7214
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
17
Appendix 14: Anonymous (Malaysia)
18
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 15: Bakers Delight
Nicola Moir <nmoir@greenpeace.org>
FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat
3 messages
Teasdale, Kendra <Kendra.Teasdale@bakersdelight.com.au> Wed, Jul 18, 2012 at 5:52 PM
To: "nicola.moir@greenpeace.org" <nicola.moir@greenpeace.org>
HI NIcoIu,

¡ Iope you ure weII.

¡n Lerms oI our poIIcy:

ßclers Deliçht does not use çeneticcllç modijied inçredients in line uith Iood Stcndcrds Austrclic Neu Zeclcnd (ISANZ). In line uith this policç ue
do not intend on sourcinç GM uhect in the juture.

TIunks,

Kendru

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
.HQGUD7HDVGDOH] *URXS&RUSRUDWH&RPPXQLFDWLRQV0DQDJHU
Bukers DeIIgIL HoIdIngs ¡Ld ] SuILe 1, ¡eveI 1, zq¸ CumberweII Rd
CumberweII V¡C ¸1zq AusLruIIu ] 7: +61 ¸ q811 618z 0 +61 q1q ¸z6 6q6
ZZZEDNHUVGHOLJKWFRPDX
Greenpeace Mail - FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1550c77f90&view=pt&q=rachel&qs=true&search=query...
1 of 4 2/08/2012 12:00 PM
Nicola Moir <nmoir@greenpeace.org>
FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat
3 messages
Teasdale, Kendra <Kendra.Teasdale@bakersdelight.com.au> Wed, Jul 18, 2012 at 5:52 PM
To: "nicola.moir@greenpeace.org" <nicola.moir@greenpeace.org>
HI NIcoIu,

¡ Iope you ure weII.

¡n Lerms oI our poIIcy:

ßclers Deliçht does not use çeneticcllç modijied inçredients in line uith Iood Stcndcrds Austrclic Neu Zeclcnd (ISANZ). In line uith this policç ue
do not intend on sourcinç GM uhect in the juture.

TIunks,

Kendru

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
.HQGUD7HDVGDOH] *URXS&RUSRUDWH&RPPXQLFDWLRQV0DQDJHU
Bukers DeIIgIL HoIdIngs ¡Ld ] SuILe 1, ¡eveI 1, zq¸ CumberweII Rd
CumberweII V¡C ¸1zq AusLruIIu ] 7: +61 ¸ q811 618z 0 +61 q1q ¸z6 6q6
ZZZEDNHUVGHOLJKWFRPDX
Greenpeace Mail - FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1550c77f90&view=pt&q=rachel&qs=true&search=query...
1 of 4 2/08/2012 12:00 PM
Nicola Moir <nmoir@greenpeace.org>
FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat
3 messages
Teasdale, Kendra <Kendra.Teasdale@bakersdelight.com.au> Wed, Jul 18, 2012 at 5:52 PM
To: "nicola.moir@greenpeace.org" <nicola.moir@greenpeace.org>
HI NIcoIu,

¡ Iope you ure weII.

¡n Lerms oI our poIIcy:

ßclers Deliçht does not use çeneticcllç modijied inçredients in line uith Iood Stcndcrds Austrclic Neu Zeclcnd (ISANZ). In line uith this policç ue
do not intend on sourcinç GM uhect in the juture.

TIunks,

Kendru

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
.HQGUD7HDVGDOH] *URXS&RUSRUDWH&RPPXQLFDWLRQV0DQDJHU
Bukers DeIIgIL HoIdIngs ¡Ld ] SuILe 1, ¡eveI 1, zq¸ CumberweII Rd
CumberweII V¡C ¸1zq AusLruIIu ] 7: +61 ¸ q811 618z 0 +61 q1q ¸z6 6q6
ZZZEDNHUVGHOLJKWFRPDX
Greenpeace Mail - FW: Bakers Delight policy regarding the use of GM wheat https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1550c77f90&view=pt&q=rachel&qs=true&search=query...
1 of 4 2/08/2012 12:00 PM
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
19
Appendix 16: Brasserie Bread
20
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 17: Campbell Arnott’s
Rachel Dujardin <rdujardi@greenpeace.org>
Campbell Arnott's ANZ policy regarding the use of GM wheat
2 messages
Toni Jones <toni_jones@arnotts.com> 25 septembre 2012 09:37
À : "rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org" <rachel.dujardin@greenpeace.org>
Hi Rachel
Thank you for your correspondence regarding GMO wheat, which I have just received after being on annual leave.
Please refer to the current Campbell Arnott’s GMO policy below. The policy sets out our position on the GM status of the
ingredients – including wheat – that we use in our products for sale in Australia and New Zealand:
GE ingredients
Our policy is to use non-GE ingredients. We audit existing and new ingredients suppliers on an ongoing basis and
we've also added a provision in their contracts stipulating our requirement for non-GE ingredients.
GE-derived ingredients
While we and other food manufacturers cannot, as Greenpeace itself acknowledges, be completely confident that
GE enzymes and processing aids are not used elsewhere in the supply chain, our policy is to use non-GE-derived
ingredients, wherever possible. Again, we audit existing and new ingredients suppliers on an ongoing basis and
we've also added a provision in their contracts stipulating our requirement for non-GE-derived ingredients.
I hope you find this information helpful.
Cheers
Toni Jones
Director Global Communications & Diversity

t +61 2 8767 7801 | f +61 2 8767 7505 | m +61 40761 1968

Campbell Arnott's | 24 George Street | North Strathfield | NSW | 2137 | Australia

The ingredients to be extraordinary. Where icon brands thrive. People are valued. And you can make a
difference!
******************************************************************************************
*******
This e-mail and any files transmitted with it may contain
Greenpeace Mail - Campbell Arnott's ANZ policy regarding the use o... https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2&ik=1b30d2fb8a&view=pt&q...
1 of 2 11/12/2012 12:18 PM
Appendix 18: General Mills
v
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
21
Appendix 19: Laucke Flour Mills
22
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Laucke Flour Mills
Genetically Modified Foods
Page Number 1 of 1 File Location and Name: L:\Admin\STAFF-ALL SITES\Policy Register\GMO Policy for external Distribution 071025.doc
Saved on: 3/09/09 3:52 PM by: Mark Laucke Printed on: 3/09/09 3:52 PM by: Mark Laucke
POLICY


Thursday, 25 October 2007



Laucke Flour Mills endeavour to preserve and improve our environment, and are committed to providing
healthy and nutritious food that is a pleasure to eat.


Demonstrating Laucke Flour Mills’ commitment to providing foods that are safe, unadulterated, and
beneficial to our environment, all flour milled by us, whether Certified Organic or not, is milled at sites
certified by the National Association of Sustainable Agriculture Australia (NASAA) for Certified Organic
food production, and by NCS International under ISO 9001 for Food Quality Systems and Hazard
Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP).

Laucke Flour Mills seek appropriate food ingredients for processing in accordance with our Commitment
to our environment, and our commitment to safe and nutritious food.

Laucke Flour Mills has a policy of active avoidance of the use or inclusion of Genetically Modified
Organisms (GMOs) or such genetically modified ingredients.
Laucke require an assurance from all suppliers that their products are GMO free, and we have further
sought prior notice from suppliers regarding any change in the GMO status of any material intended for
supply to us.
Laucke Flour Mills take all practical precautions to avoid the purchase and receival of grain and
ingredients that may contain GMOs. However, given the current systems of grain growing, receival,
segregation, storage, and transport in Australia, it is simply not possible for us to provide absolute
guarantees that our products are free from any adventitious presence of a GMO.

We do undertake to seek to provide food that satisfies the needs and concerns of our customers and
consumers.




Mark P. Laucke
Managing Director
Laucke Flour Mills

NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
23
Appendix 20: Menora Foods

24
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
Appendix 21: Metcash
!
Metcash Trading Limited (ABN 61 000 031 569)
4 Newington Road, Silverwater, NSW 2128, Australia
E-mail: consumersupport@metcash.com

"#$#%&'!()*&+&',%&)$!-!"#$#%&'!#$"&$##.&$"!

Thank you for your enquiry about the sustainability of ÌGA / Metcash's products. Metcash, as well as
the ÌGA brand and ÌGA Retailers are committed to being pro choice, pro labelling and improving our
sustainability. !

Metcash/ÌGA are pleased to advise that it is a requirement in our supplier agreement that no GM
ingredients (including wheat), food additives, processing aids or enzymes be used in our corporate
branded products, which include ÌGA Signature and Black & Gold brands.
However because of changes in the agricultural sector, it is becoming more difficult to unequivocally
guarantee that no genetically modified stockfeed is fed to meat, poultry, dairy and egg producing
animals. GM crops grown cannot be prevented from cross contaminating non-GM crops. A limited
meat/poultry supply base in Australia means that this is a shared issue in the food and grocery
industry.
All of our products comply with FSANZ (Food Standards Australia New Zealand), TGS & ACCC
requirements. We have communicated Greenpeace's concerns with our suppliers and continue to
maintain an open dialogue with our suppliers on this and other sustainability issues.
We look forward to welcoming you back soon to shop at your local ÌGA,

Regards,!


!
Louise Rhodes!
Group Sustainability Manager !
Metcash Trading Limited !
!
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
|
25
Appendix 22: Sanitarium
Updated May 07
Sanitarium!s Position on Genetic Modification
The use of biotechnology has the potential to offer improvements in the quantity, quality and
acceptability of the world's food supply. Sanitarium is not opposed to the use of biotechnology in the
supply of foods. We support the responsible introduction of new biotechnology techniques in the supply
of foods provided that issues of product safety, environmental concerns, information and ethics have
been satisfactorily addressed. It is also very important that consumers are given sufficient information
and time to make informed choices.
The developers of foods that use biotechnology, industry lobby groups, government departments and
regulatory authorities all have a part to play in educating the community so as to promote informed
choices. It is essential that manufacturers also act to provide accurate information, point out
misconceptions, and refute misinformation. This is not so much to assure public acceptance of the new
technologies as to ensure sufficient time and information flow for consumers to make informed food
choices.
In relation to the genetic modification of crops specifically, at this point in time we do not believe that
consumer understanding, nor the scientific, political and commercial arguments have reached a point
where all parties can agree on the best way forward for GM crops, hence caution is warranted.
Ultimately Sanitarium will listen to consumers and be responsive to their opinions and requirements.
While the benefits of GM crops are hotly contested, it is wise to be cautious until the full impact of the
technology is more clearly understood.
In responding to the position outlined above, we are committed to providing foods that are not
manufactured from GM ingredients. We thereby ensure that none of our ingredients require GM labelling
in accordance with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code 1.5.2(4). Where the confidence of
consumers require explicit assurance of non-GM status, we go beyond the food labelling content
requirements by utilising a segregated “non-GM” supply chain, supported by comprehensive handling,
testing & auditing protocols, to ensure that we meet consumer needs.
We also recognise that minor and unforeseen cross-contamination may occur despite our best efforts.
We fully support Australian and New Zealand food regulations that require the consistent presence of
genetically modified ingredients (above very low threshold levels) be indicated on product labels within
or close to the ingredient list. The absence of genetic modification statements within our ingredient lists
is testimony to our non-GM stance. We are continually working to monitor and improve the systems we
have in place to ensure that consumer expectations are met, by not using GM ingredients in our
products.
26
|
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
References
1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012. ABS 7501.0 - Value of Principal Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, Preliminary, 2011-2012.
Canberra: ABS.
2 ABARES, 2011. Agricultural commodity statistics 2011, Canberra.
3 ISAAA, 2011. ISAAA Brief 43-2011: Executive Summary. [online]
Available at: <http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/43/executivesummary> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
4 United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Background, Wheat, 2012. Background. [online]
Available at: <http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/crops/wheat/background.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
5 Brown, P. , 2004. Monsanto abandons worldwide GM wheat project, 11 May 2004. The Guardian. [online]
Available at: <http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2004/may/11/environment.gm> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
6 Canadian National Farmers Union, 2003. Ten reasons why we don’t want GM wheat. National Farmers Union. [pdf]
Available at: <http://es.cban.ca/content/download/537/3257/file/Ten%20reasons%20GM%20wheat%20PDF.lst.pdf>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
7 Shannon S., 2010. Monsanto buys WA grain breeder, 26 August 2010. ABC Rural. [online]
Available at: <http://www.abc.net.au/rural/news/content/201008/s2994531.htm> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
8 InterGrain. InterGrain Breeding solutions. [pdf]
Available at: <http://www.intergrain.com/images/stories/100323_CorporateProfile_-_BrainCells.pdf> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
9 CSIRO, 2008. GM wheat and barley trial, OGTR application DIR093. Food Futures Flagship. [pdf]
Available at: <http://www.csiro.au/files/files/pr3w.pdf> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
10 Grain Growers, 2011. What the world wants from Australian wheat.
11 Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2012. Fact Sheet - GM wheat field trial approvals. [online]
Available at: <http://www.ogtr.gov.au/internet/ogtr/publishing.nsf/content/gmwheatfactsheet-htm> [Accessed 10 December 20012].
12 Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2012. Genetically Modified Organisms - Field Trial Sites. [online]
Available at: <http://www.ogtr.gov.au/internet/ogtr/publishing.nsf/content/map> [Accessed 10 December 20012].
13 Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2007. Decision on issuing a licence for application DIR071/2006, 13 June 2007. Woden.
14 Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2011. GM Wheat Trial. OGTR application DIR092. Food Future Flagships. National Research. [pdf]
Available at: <http://www.csiro.au/~/Media/CSIROau/Flagships/Food%20Futures%20Flagship/GMwheatbarley-DIR092_FFF_pdf%20
Standard.pdf> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
15 Biosafety Clearing House. Convention on Biological Diversity, 2009. Biosafety Information Resource. [online]
Available at: <http://bch.cbd.int/database/record.shtml?documentid=42132> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
16 Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2008. The Biology of Triticum aestivum L. em Thell. (Bread Wheat).
17 Greenpeace and Gene Watch UK, 2012: GM Contamination Register. [online]
Available at: <http://www.gmcontaminationregister.org> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
18 Harris A. and Beasley D. 2011. Bayer agrees to pay $750 million to end lawsuits over gene-modified rice, 2 July 2011. Bloomberg. [online]
Available at: <http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-01/bayer-to-pay-750-million-to-end-lawsuits-over-genetically-modified-rice.html>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
19 Furtan, W.H., Gray, R.S., and Holzman, J.J., 2003. The Optimal Time to License a Biotech “Lemon”. Contemporary Economic Policy, 21:433-444.
20 Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry, 2011. Biotechnology Reports and Articles. Appendix A - Regulatory Arrangements for GMOs
and GM products in Australia and Australia’s Major Export Markets for Canola and Cottonseed. [online]
Available at: <http://www.daff.gov.au/agriculture-food/biotechnology/reports/maintaining_product_integrity_in_the_australian_seed_and_grain_
supply_chain/appendixes/appendix_a> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
21 Food Standards Australia & New Zealand, 2012. Labelling of GM Foods. [online]
Available at: <http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/consumerinformation/gmfoods/gmlabelling.cfm> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
22 Grain Growers Ltd. What The World Wants from Australian Wheat. [online]
Available at: <http://www.graingrowers.com.au/products/projects/what-the-world-wants-from-australian-wheat>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
23 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2011. Composition of trade Australia 2010-11.
24 Cahyafitri R., 2012. Carrefour expects higher sales growth in second half, 14 July 2012. The Jakarta Post. [online]
Available at: <http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/07/14/carrefour-expects-higher-sales-growth-second-half.html>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
25 Barilla Group, 2012. About us. [online]
Available at: <http://www.barillagroup.com/corporate/en/home/chisiamo/gruppo-Barilla.html> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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27
26 Ace Cook Co. Ltd. Company profile. [online]
Available at: <http://www.acecook.co.jp/english/product.html> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
27 Bloomsberg Businessweek, 2012. Company Overview of Sanyo Foods Co. Ltd. [online]
Available at: <http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=5487612>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
28 Reuters. Profile: Showa Sangyo Co Ltd (2004.T). [online]
Available at: <http://in.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?symbol=2004.T> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
29 Nestlé Malaysia. Message to Shareholders (annual Report 2011). [online]
Available at: <http://www.nestle.com.my/AboutUs/Nestle_in_Malaysia/Pages/chairman_statement.aspx>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
30 MADGE, 2012. New opinion poll shows Australian mums don’t want GM wheat. [pdf]
Available at: <http://www.madge.org.au/sites/default/files/Media-Release-2012/120703-0705%20GM%20Wheat%20data%20tables.pdf>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
31 Aldi Australia, 2012. Consumer quality assurance. [online]
Available at: <http://aldi.com.au/au/html/company/consumer_quality_assurance.htm> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
32 Aldi Australia, 2012. Aldi Facts. [online]
Available at: <http://aldi.com.au/au/html/aldi_facts.htm?WT.z_src=banner&WT.ac=Banner-without-Alt-Tag> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
33 Bakers Delight, 2012. Company Profile. [online]
Available at: <http://www.bakersdelight.com.au/aboutus/companyprofile.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
34 Brasserie Bread, 2012. About us. [online]
Available at: <http://www.brasseriebread.com.au/about-us/company.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
35 Campbell, 2012 Our Company. [online]
Available at: <http://www.campbellsoupcompany.com/atw_asia.asp> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
36 Coles, 2012. Coles Products. [online]
Available at: <http://www.coles.com.au/Products/Coles-Products/Our-Brands/Coles/Our-Promise.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
37 Coles, 2011. All about Coles 2011. [pdf]
Available at: <http://www.coles.com.au/portals/0/content/images/about-coles/sustainability/246974_Coles_CommunityReport_2011_A4L_
KIND2_LR.pdf> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
38 General Mills, 2012. General Mills Company Countries. [online]
Available at: <http://www.generalmills.com/Company/Countries.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
39 General Mills, 2012. General Mills reports fiscal 2012 results. [online]
Available at: <http://generalmills.com/en/Media/NewsReleases/Library/2012/June/earnings_6_27.aspx> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
40 Laucke Flour Mills, 2012. Welcome to Laucke. [online] Available at: <http://laucke.com.au> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
41 Menora Foods, 2009-2012. Who we are. [online] Available at: <http:// www.menora.com.au> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
42 Metcash Trading Limited. Privacy Policy. [online] Available at: <http://www.iga.net.au/igafresh/index.cfm?page_id=2708>
[Accessed 10 December 2012].
43 Sanitarium. About Us. [online] Available at :<http://www.sanitarium.com.au/about-us> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
44 San Remo, 2012. Pasta Facts. [online] Available at: <http://www.sanremo.com.au> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
45 GBA holding, 2008. Product background. [online] Available at: < http://www.gba.com.my/SR.htm> [Accessed 10 December 2012].
46 Woolworths Supermarkets, 1997-2012. Genetically Modified (GM) ingredients. [online]
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[Accessed 10 December 2012].
47 Woolworths Limited, 2012. Annual report 2012.
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NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
NO APPETITE for Australian GM wheat
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