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A Cause and Effect of Having Acne to Everyone A Research Paper By Avendao, Joyce Anne Begaso, Carlyne Denise M.

Bernabe, Aprilene Belen, Lemuel Kim C. Calderon, Plinky V. Castro, Joanna Marie L. College of Education Bulacan State University for EDUC 213a, Child and Adolescent Development Miss Carmelita B. Sanga October 1, 2013

I.

INTRODUCTION Teenagers are said to be conscious and aware about the changes they are

encountering. There are lots of changes teenagers can encounter during the adolescent period such as enlargement of breast for girls and grow of facial hair for boys. One change that might happen for both boys and girls is the occurrence of acne. Acne is an inflammatory disease common problem among teenagers. Because of puberty and hormonal changes that is happening, acne occurs. Teens will find ways to counteract this problem since teenage years is the time when an adolescent builds up his selfesteem and acne is a major hindrance to this. Brief Background of Study Having severe acne is one of the most prevalent skin conditions both teenagers and even adults faces. According to Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, Md, on September 1, 2000. Teenagers develop acne at a higher rate than groups. This is because hormone production during puberty increases the output of the sebaceous glands and the rate of skin cell turnover within the follicles. However, children as young as 5 years old and adults can develop acne as well. In young woman, it often worsens and improves with the rise and fall of hormone levels during menstrual cycle. Nowadays, some people especially teenagers are having low self esteem and hindrance terms of socialization with other people. The researchers are decided to reason out the cause and effect of having severe acne. And how can affect the social aspect of the people having it. The researchers are also trying to fade out all the

misconceptions about the people who are experiencing discriminations due to having severe acne. According to studies, many people believe that poor dietary habits can cause acne. Foods with high sugar and fat content, such as chocolate are thought to affect the skin follicles. However, there is no clinical evidence to support this. Studies show that theres no connection between junk food and acne. Some people find that certain food such as, dairy products worsens acne. Statement of the Problem The goal of this research is to clear out the misconceptions about the causes and effects of having severe acne and inform the readers about it. This research paper also tells us the problem of teenagers in having severe acne. There are several questions that the researchers want to answer such as. 1. Have you experience discrimination on having acne? 2. Having severe acne affect your self esteem? 3. At what age you experience having acne? 4. What is the most possible reason that you know on having severe acne? 5. Is having severe acne one of the factors on why some men are shame on courting and expressing themselves to a woman? 6. Why do some students having severe acne cant express themselves in class participations like in recitations, class sharings, presentations and other related? 7. How your social aspect does is affected by having severe acne?

8. What are the products you use to control having severe acne? 9. Do you agree or disagree that having severe acne is one of the factors on applying a job? 10. How often are you having severe acne? II. METHODS AND TECHNIQUES The descriptive method of research was used in this study. Descriptive method of research is a fact-finding study with sufficient and accurate interpretation of the findings. It describes what is. It describes with emphasis what actually exist such as current conditions, practices, situations, or any phenomena. Since the study or investigation was only concerned about acne, the whole research is only focusing attention on it. The descriptive method was the most appropriate or fitted to use. The method of collecting data used was through sorting documents and references through the help of the relevant reference works like encyclopedias, dictionaries and some journals regarding acne and by using internet that provides new updated information about certain topic. The researchers did the mechanics of gathering source materials, taking notes, and documenting sources with a deeper analysis and interpretation. The other instrument used to collect data was the questionnaire. The

questionnaire was given to the students to fill up for validation. It was given to them because they are the only available respondents and fitted to the study (because almost of the students suffered and are suffering from acne). completed and had been validated. The needed data were

The copies of the questionnaire were distributed personally by the researcher to the respondents. Just after a few minutes, all the copies distributed were retrieved also personally by the researcher.

III. Results and Discussions Have you experience discrimination on having severe acne? Yes No Frequency Percentage 20 40 33% 67%

33% 67% Yes No

This figure shows that 33% of teenagers are experiencing discrimination because of having severe acne and 67% of them said that they dont experience discrimination at all.

Is having severe acne affects your self esteem? Yes No

Frequency Percentage 24 26 40% 60%

40% 60% Yes No

This figure shows that 40% of teenagers are having low self esteem because of having severe acne while 60% of them answered that having severe acne doesnt affect their self esteem.

At what age you experience on having acne? 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Frequency Percentage 3 5% 1 1% 6 10% 10 17% 26 43% 10 17% 4 7%

5% 1% 7%

17%

10% 17%

9 years old 10 years old 11 years old 12 years old 13 years old 14 years old

43%

15 years old

This figure shows that 5% of teenagers started to have acne when they were nine years old. 1% of them answered that when they were ten years old acne started to occur. Theres also 10% who answered that they had acne since they were eleven years old. 17% of them started to have acne when they were twelve. 43% of them had acne since they were thirteen and 17% started to have acne when they were fourteen. The remaining 7% answered that acne started to occur when they were fifteen.

What are the some possible reasons that you know on having severe acne? You dont have enough time of rest at least 5 8 hours of sleep. Having severe acne is come from heredity. Eating of oily foods like pizza, chocolates, junk foods, greasy and fried foods. Hormones (especially during menstruation) Hard Scrubbing of the Skin Using not suitable facial products like facial wash, creams, and moisturizers. Environmental Irritants

Frequency Percentage

20%
40% 18% 9% 2% 7% 4%

You dont have enough time of rest at least 5 8 hours of sleep. Having severe acne is come from heredity. Eating of oily foods like pizza, chocolates, junk foods, greasy and fried foods.

This figure shows that 18% of teenagers said the reason why they have severe acne is because of lack of sleep. 3% of them answered that they inherit in their family. 17%of them said that it is because eating too much oily foods like pizza, chocolates, peanuts, junk foods and fried foods.15% of them said that it is because of the hormones produce during menstruations.2% of them said that too much scrubbing to their faces. 8% of them said that it is because of using facial wash, creams and moisturizers. And 37% of them that it is because of the pollutions in the environment.

Is having severe acne is the one of the factors on why do some men are shame on courting and expressing themselves to a woman? Yes. Because having severe acne lessens my self esteem to express myself to a woman. No. It doesnt matter. Maybe. It depends upon to the person who joins courting. Yes. Because having clearer skin could ease embarrassment and self-consciousness related to acne is the one of the requirements of a woman on having a boyfriend.

Frequency Percentage

25% 36 37% 2%

2% 37% 25%

Yes. Because having severe acne lessens my self esteem to express myself to a woman. No. It doesnt matter.

36%

Maybe. It depends upon to the person who joins courting. Yes. Because having clearer skin is the one of the requirements of a woman on having a boyfriend.

This graph shows the percentage of the sum of each choice in the question Does having severe acne is the reason why some boys are ashamed in courting a girl? 25% of teenagers answered Yes, because some boys think that because of their acne girls might be turn-off to them. 37% of teenagers answered No, because having a severe acne is not the basis to court a girl. 36% of teenagers answered that Maybe, It depends upon to the person who is courting. 2% of teenagers answered Yes, because some girls nowadays want to have a partner that doesnt have acne.

Why do some students having severe acne Frequency Percentage cant express themselves in performing class participation like in recitations, class sharings and presentations and other related? Because of thinking that he/she cant perform 30% well in class. Because of the negative feedback of their 35% classmates about his/her physical appearance. Having low self - esteem, so that I cant 35% express myself during class discussions.

35%

30%

Because of thinking that he/she cant perform well in class.


Because of the negative feedback of their classmates about his/her physical appearance.

35%

Having low self - esteem, so that I cant express myself during class discussions.

This figure shows that 30% of the teenagers believed that the reason why students with severe acne dont participate in class is because they think their classmates judge them based on the physical characteristic particular on their face. 35% of them answered that they are ashamed to participate in the class. 35% of them answered that they have low self- confidence thats why they dont participate in class.

How your social aspect affects on having severe acne? Having less self confidence in socializing with others. I only have few friends. It doesnt affect my social life.

Frequency Percentage 27% 18% 55%

27% 55% 18%

Having less self confidence in socializing with others. I only have few friends. It doesnt affect my social life.

This figure shows that 27% of teenagers answered that their social life is affected by severe acne in a way that they have less self- confidence in socializing with other people. 18% of teenagers only have a few friends because of severe acne. 55% of teenagers said that having severe acne does not affect their socialization with other people.

What are the products you have used to control on having severe acne? Facial Products e.g.; Master, Ponds, Olay. Facial Soaps e.g.; RDL, Kojic , etc. Naturals e.g.; Calamansi, Lemons, Taking medicines that can cure acnes.

Frequency Percentage 22% 16% 30% 2%

2% 30% 22%
Facial Products e.g.; Master, Ponds, Olay. Facial Soaps e.g.; RDL, Kojic , etc. Naturals e.g.; Calamansi, Lemons, Taking medicines that can cure acnes.

46%

This figure shows that 22% of teenagers use facial products; Master, Ponds and Olay to lessen their severe acne. 47% of teenagers use facial soaps; RDL and Kojic. 30% of teenagers use naturals products; calamansi and lemons. And 11% of teenagers take medicines to control their severe acne.

Do you agree or disagree on having severe acne is the one of the factors on applying a job? Agree Disagree

Frequency Percentage

20% 80%

20%
Agree Disagree

80%

This figure shows that 20% of teenagers agree that having severe acne is one of the criteria to be hired in a job. And 80% of them disagree.

When are you having acnes? All of the time Most of the time Sometimes Oftentimes Never

Frequency Percentage

0%

45%

Most of the time Sometimes

55%

Never

This figure shows that 45% of teenagers most of the time they have a severe acne. And 55% of teenagers said that they experience acne sometimes.

CONCLUSION AND RECCOMENDATIONS The researchers conclude that about ninety percent of all teenagers develop acne at or about the time of puberty when hormonal levels change. This is the first and the key step in formation of acne in teenagers which is not addressed by other treatments in the market. They influence not just appearance, but very frequently mood and self-appraisal. There have been created lots of methods to treat acne disease, but it's difficult to say that there is one universal method suitable for everyone. People also say that acne is a consequence of dirty skin and poor skin care. It's true to a certain extent because washing face and keeping it clean provides open and clean pores. But nevertheless, it's not the only cause of pimples. It's a widespread idea that blackheads represent dirt clogged in the pores. A person should realize that blackheads are actually caused by dead skin cells, so if someone applies a lot of cleanser to his face he can make his problem even worse. Everyone should wash our face with gentle cleanser twice a day. Keep in mind that a person should also get a clean face before applying some medical creams or gels on it. Lots of people suppose that acne and pimples are peculiar just to juveniles. Though adolescents suffer from pimples and acne more frequently, acne can affect people of all ages. And another important mistaken conception is that acne cannot be treated. It's absolutely untrue, there are numerous treatment methods that assist in getting rid of acne and prevent their recurring appearance.