Earth

Mechanics
Fugro - Earth Mechanics
A

J O I N T

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
PROCEDURES FOR PILE FOUNDATIONS
SUPPORTING TEMPORARY TOWERS
SKYWAY STRUCTURES
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE
EAST SPAN SEISMIC SAFETY PROJECT

Prepared for
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
March 2001

V E N T U R E

the unique geologic conditions at the site. Subsequently. 98-42-0054 California Department of Transportation Engineering Service Center Office of Structural Foundations 5900 Folsom Boulevard Sacramento. However. Caltrans requested Fugro-EM to prepare this report as guidance to the contractor in the form of criteria and example calculations. Mark Willian Contract Manager Analysis and Design Procedures for Pile Foundations Supporting Temporary Towers.Earth Mechanics Fugro . The draft report has been updated to include subsurface cross sections based on those additional explorations. Suite 848 Oakland. Inc.DOC . location-specific subsurface explorations were performed at the temporary tower locations. in view of the relative importance of this structure. However. the example calculations presented previously have not been updated to reflect the variations from conditions previously assumed revealed by the subsequent subsurface explorations. Skyway Structures SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project Dear Mr. 2001 Project No. Inc. California 94621 Tel: (510) 633-5100 Fax: (510) 633-5101 Attention: Mr.Earth Mechanics A March 5. 2000.305. and Earth Mechanics. The design and performance of temporary structures during construction is solely the responsibility of the contractor. this report was submitted in draft on July 12. This report was prepared as a part of the work scope authorized by Task 5 of the referenced contract. To assist with the preparation of the project's special provisions. Willian: The geologic and geotechnical studies for the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (SFOBB) East Span Seismic Safety Project are being conducted by Fugro-Earth Mechanics (a joint venture of Fugro West.. and the relatively large loads to be supported by the temporary towers. The design drawings for the Skyway Structures indicate that temporary towers are likely required for support of the peripheral deck sections of the structure during construction. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\98-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-CVRLTR_WLOGO.) under California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Contract 59A0053. California 95819-0128 J O I N T V E N T U R E 7700 Edgewater Drive.

Jacob Chacko. Al Ely. Caltrans Mr. Caltrans Dr.Earth Mechanics Fugro . Mark Willian.. A Joint Venture O F C A LIF O R . Gerry Houlahan. CI V IL ES ROF SIONA DP . Caltrans Mr.DOC -2- ST Thomas W. 06/30/03 IA KO C COB HAC JA REGISTE RE OFESSION AL PR M. The text sections provide site characterization information and summarize analyses and design procedures. D EER GIN EN REGIST ER E FUGRO-EARTH MECHANICS. we appreciate the opportunity to contribute to Caltrans' design of the new bridge to replace the existing SFOBB East Span.E. C.305. Caltrans Ms.E. Robert Price. Vice President A W cN AS L EI THOM F C ALIF N OR INEER NG L E AN EO M. On behalf of the project team. Project Engineer No. TY Lin/M&N Mr. McNeilan. Sajid Abbas. G. TY Lin/M&N Mr.E. Sharon Naramore. Caltrans Mr. P. Saba Mohan. Sincerely. Brian Maroney. 2001 (Fugro 98-42-0054) This report is organized into seven sections of text.Earth Mechanics A J O I N T V E N T U R E California Department of Transportation March 5. and five appendices. 12-31-03 TE CIVIL A ST AT Andrew J. Please call if we can answer any questions relative to the information presented in the enclosed report.M Attachment Copies submitted: Mr. Hill Project Engineer NI NO. Detailed results of the example calculations are presented in the appendices. supporting plates. 37667 Exp. 58850 Exp. TY Lin/M&N I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\98-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-CVRLTR_WLOGO.

California 94621 .SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE EAST SPAN SEISMIC SAFETY PROJECT CALTRANS CONTRACT 59A0053 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN PROCEDURES FOR PILE FOUNDATIONS SUPPORTING TEMPORARY TOWERS SKYWAY STRUCTURES MARCH 2001 Prepared For: CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Engineering Service Center Office of Structural Foundations 5900 Folsom Boulevard Sacramento. Suite 848 Oakland. California 95819-0128 Prepared By: FUGRO-EARTH MECHANICS A Joint Venture 7700 Edgewater Drive.

..1 Analytical Methods .............................................MAR....................... 4.....................................................................5 Temporary Tower Locations................................ Pile Type Selection..................................0 PILE DRIVABILITY CONSIDERATIONS .............................................3.........................3...................................................... 4...................3 Subsurface Cross Sections ..................................1 Factor of Safety .......4 1.... 1 1............... Analyses Performed .2 Example Calculations.................................................................................... 3.....................................................................................................2 Phase 3 Site Investigations...................................................................1.............. 4 2...................... 3............... 2..3 Example Calculations............................... 3.............................................. 2..3...........................................................................3 1......................................................................................1 Computed Soil Resistance to Driving ...........................................................................................................3 Example Calculations.. 4 4 4 5 3.........2............ 4.................................1 Load-Transfer Considerations..... 3................................ 4....2 Analytical Methods ................1 Soil Resistance to Driving. 4.................................2......................0 3........................................... 3..................................................DOC -i- .............................1..........................2 1........4 Pile Group Action.........2.......................1 Preliminary Soil Profiles ............................. Background ..............0 AXIAL AND LATERAL PILE CAPACITY AND LOAD-DEFORMATION CONSIDERATIONS .........................................1. 12 12 14 16 16 16 17 17 18 I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-TOC.......................3 Results of Drivability Analyses........2.....................................3 Axial Pile Load-Deflection Relationships......... 4...............2 Pile Run ........................... 4........................................................................................................... 3......................................................2 Example Calculations for Pile Drivability ....SFOBB Task Order No..............1 Drivability Analyses.............. Purpose and Scope of Work ................... 3...........4 Driving Stresses.................................................................................................... 3....................................................1 Ultimate Static Axial Pile Capacity .........................................................................................1 1...............2 Lateral PIle Load-Deflection (p-y) Relationships...........1... 3.................. 3.............................................................4 Stratigraphic Conditions..................................................................... 98-42-0054 CONTENTS Page 1...................... 1 1 2 2 3 SUBSURFACE STRATIGRAPHY..................................................2 Wave Equation Analyses ... 3.......2....................................... 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 11 11 4......... 7 2..........................................................................................3 Blow Counts..............................2.....................................1.......................................... 4... 12 4......................2 Design Methodology.....0 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................. 2....................... 5 Project No.................................

............... Pile Restrikes..................................................................................................... 7...........................................................MAR.......1 Soil Resistance to Driving.............................................................. 27 27 27 REFERENCES. Subsurface Cross Section CW-CW′ With Undrained Shear Strength ..............4 6.......1 Evaluation of Setup .....................................................................0 OBSERVATIONS FROM THE PILE INSTALLATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.DOC ............................. Pile Refusal Criteria ...........................................................................0 PILE INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS...................................0 PLATES Plate Exploration and Cross Section Location Map.................... Subsurface Cross Section B-B′ With Undrained Shear Strength........................................2 Pile Setup............. Allowable Driving Stress Criteria ...................................... 28 8...............................ii - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 .............5 6......................8 Driving System Submittal ................... 5.................1 6............................. 19 5......................................6 6...................................................................................................................... Tower Locations A and B ..................3 Ultimate Pile Capacity ...........................................................................................SFOBB Task Order No................................................................ Subsurface Cross Section CE-CE′ With Undrained Shear Strength........................................................................................................................................................................CONTINUED Page 5............0 POST-INSTALLATION SETUP OF AXIAL CAPACITY.................. 21 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 7.............. Supplementary Installation Techniques in the Event of Pile Refusal ............. Tower Location C . 5 Project No.......................................................... 98-42-0054 CONTENTS -................... 19 19 6. Subsurface Cross Section A-A′ With Undrained Shear Strength ... Key to Boring Logs and CPT Soundings on Cross Sections ......................................... 27 7................................ Pile Acceptance Criteria.......................................................................... I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-TOC...........2 Example Calculations.................2 6.....7 6....................3 6. Delays and Redriving ............................ 7................. Exploration and Cross Section Location Map................... 21 6................ Minimum Bearing Criterion...................................

..... Plate B2-A.................Plate B1-C....41.... Plate A1-B....................Pier E16 to E17 0....3 Location C ....... Plate A1-B..................MAR.........3 Location B ...Plate B1-C.4 0....41..............................................................CONTINUED APPENDICES APPENDIX A ..................................3 0....................Pier E2 to E3 0............DOC ...............36-Meter Steel H Pile...iii - ..........3 Example Lateral Pile Head Load-Deformation Curves Location A .61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles..........61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles....41-Meter-Diameter Pile..41........36-Meter Steel H Pile.. 98-42-0054 CONTENTS -.... Plate B2-A.....61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles............ Plate B1-A..............................................................................................41.............. Plate B1-A..and 0..................2 0...............61-Meter-Diameter Pile...........Pier E2 to E3 0........... Plate A1-A..................... Plate A1-B...........................................1 0...1 0.5 I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-TOC..........2 0...and 0...and 0.. Plate A1-C................... Plate B1-A..........3 APPENDIX B .......................................61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile .....1 0................41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ................SFOBB Task Order No....................2 0....LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION ANALYSIS Example Lateral Load-Deflection (p-y) Curves Location A ..............................2 0... Plate B2-A.............. Plate B2-A..36-Meter Steel H Pile.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles......1 0............ Plate A1-A.1 0............1 0.............................................................and 0.Pier E16 to E17 0............................... Plate A1-C..........2 0...............61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile .........................Plate B1-C..36-Meter Steel H Pile...........61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles.. 5 Project No......36-Meter Steel H Pile............. Plate A1-A.....Pier E2 to E3 0......and 0. Plate B2-A.......................61-Meter-Diameter Pile ............Pier E2 to E3 0............................41-Meter-Diameter Pile.............36-Meter Steel H Pile...41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ...................41..and 0....2 0.................................. Plate A1-C..........................41....61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles.............3 Location C ..................STATIC AXIAL PILE CAPACITY ANALYSIS Preliminary Axial Pile Design Parameters and Example Results Location A .

....2 0...........36-Meter Steel H Pile..... Plate C1-A............1 0.3 0.......61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles... Plate C3-A................. Plate C3-A........iv - .......1 0..41.................3 0..............Pier E16 to E17 0..4 0...and 0............................................ Plate C1-A.......................CONTINUED APPENDIX B (CONTINUED) Location C .......................... Plate C1-A........41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile .................and 0..... Plate C2-A.....................36-Meter Steel H Pile.............and 0......AXIAL LOAD-DEFLECTION ANALYSIS Example Axial Pile Load Transfer-Displacement (T-Z) Curves Location A .........61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles..............2 0........................Plate C1-C.........................Plate C2-C................3 Example Static Axial Pile Head Load-Deformation Curves (Compression) Location A .................................41..............4 0........Plate C2-C........................................41......36-Meter Steel H Pile.........41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ........................Plate C1-C..2 0........................................1 0.................Plate C2-C............61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ...4 0..............Plate B2-C...41..................61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles.............2 0.......Pier E2 to E3 0........1 0...............MAR............3 Location C .........36-Meter Steel H Pile...........41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ...5 APPENDIX C ........Pier E2 to E3 0..Plate C1-C.......1 0..........5 Example Static Axial Pile Head Load-Deformation Curves (Tension) Location A ..Plate C1-C.........Plate B2-C................41.... 5 Project No......... Plate C1-A..........41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile .41.....................Plate B2-C......................... Plate C2-A.....................Plate B2-C......61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles...Plate C1-C..........61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ...............3 I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-TOC............................... 98-42-0054 CONTENTS -........................61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile .........................and 0..... Plate C2-A..41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ... Plate C3-A.DOC ........61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile .....61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile .......3 0...................1 0..........61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ........CONTINUED APPENDICES -................................................and 0.........and 0....................41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ......SFOBB Task Order No....................................................2 0.......61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles....Pier E16 to E17 0...........36-Meter Steel H Pile.. Plate C1-A.............Pier E2 to E3 0...........Plate B2-C......61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles........................2 0..........................5 Location C .........Pier E16 to E17 0..36-Meter Steel H Pile...........

... Plate D1-B..D62 Hammer ...............Plate C3-C................................ Plate D1-B.CONTINUED Location C .......Plate C3-C............................41.........SFOBB Task Order No....................61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ...... Plate D2-B.and 0...3 APPENDIX D .MAR.........61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles.... Plate D2-B.....PILE DRIVABILITY ANALYSIS Example Soil Resistance to Driving Location B ..1 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ........D62 Hammer ....41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ..................41.............61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ................41......61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles........41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ......and 0.......1 0.......36-Meter Steel H Pile.....1 0...Plate E1-B... Plate D1-B.. Plate D2-B..D62 Hammer .61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ..............DOC -v- ...Pier E16 to E17 0.....4 APPENDIX E .....41...41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile ........3 0............SETUP ANALYSIS Predicted Setup of Skin Friction in Clay 0...................2 0......41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile ....Plate C3-C....... 5 Project No......61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles...................and 0........................ 98-42-0054 CONTENTS -..... Plate D1-B.CONTINUED APPENDICES -...3 0..1 0.... Plate D2-B.........2 0..Pier E2 to E3 0...............................D62 Hammer .............2 I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-TOC......and 0................Pier E2 to E3 0.....61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles....CONTINUED APPENDIX C ..............2 0........Plate E1-B.............4 Example Predicted Blow Counts Location B .

0 of this report. However. each set of temporary towers includes a tower supporting the eastbound (E) structure and a tower supporting the westbound (W) structure. Engineers) to design the temporary towers. 2000) for the Skyway structures indicates that temporary towers will be required during construction to support portions of the superstructure.. in view of the relative importance of this structure. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. or C) and the structure (i. However. As shown on those plates.1 TEMPORARY TOWER LOCATIONS The 100% Design Submittal (TY Lin/M&N. Caltrans also decided that substantial guidance should be provided to the contractor in the form of criteria and example calculations for the design and installation of pile foundations. At that time. 1. the recommendations presented in this report were submitted in draft on July 12.MAR.SFOBB Task Order No. Interpretations of the conditions revealed by those explorations are described in Section 2. To assist with preparation of the project's special provisions. are identified by two character labels that designate the location (i. 2000. A.e.2 BACKGROUND The design of temporary structures during construction is solely the responsibility of the contractor. no locationspecific geotechnical exploration had been performed at the anticipated temporary tower locations. and to perform example calculations to illustrate foundation design procedures on the basis of those profiles. E or W). Inc. in view of the complicated geology at the site. 5 Project No. and the relatively large loads to be supported by the temporary towers. designated as Locations A.0 INTRODUCTION 1. The approximate location of the temporary towers derived from those drawings is shown on Plates 1 and 2. and Earth Mechanics. in view of the schedule constraints of the project. consideration was given to requiring a completed design of the temporary towers. marine CPT soundings were performed at each of the temporary tower locations during the Phase 3 exploration program. Locations A and B are between Piers E2 and E3 (where the Skyway connects to the Main Span) and Location C is between Piers E16 and E17 (where the Skyway connects to the Oakland Shore Approach).. 98-42-0054 1. The individual towers.) to develop typical soil profiles on the basis of the geotechnical data available at adjacent pier locations. in view of the tight schedule specified for the completion of design. However. Caltrans eventually decided that. Caltrans instructed Fugro-EM (a joint venture of Fugro West. temporary tower AE supports the eastbound structure at Location A. the unique geologic conditions at the site. B and C.e. therefore. Inc. The illustrations presented on Construction Sequence Nos. Subsequently. For example. However. they have not been updated or modified to reflect the variations between the previously generated typical soil profiles and conditions revealed by the location-specific explorations. B. 1 and 5 on TY Lin/M&N (2000) show the anticipated locations of three sets of temporary towers.. since the example calculations are provided only as illustrations of design procedures. it would not be feasible for TY Lin/M&N (a joint venture of TY Lin International and Moffatt & Nichol.DOC 1 .

the clay surrounding a pile is remolded and positive excess pore water pressures are generated. Inc. 3) steel H-piles. 1995) were developed for the large-diameter piles supporting the Skyway structure piers. 2) precast-prestressed concrete piles. specialized pile acceptance criteria that are different from those specified in the Caltrans Standard Specifications (Caltrans. they suggested that the maximum allowable capacity for piles supporting the temporary towers be limited to 1.3 PILE TYPE SELECTION The selection of pile type. This phenomenon.b). Inc.61 meter. Since design and construction of those large-diameter.MAR. Cast-in-place piles are not recommended for consideration as temporary tower foundations.SFOBB Task Order No. however. is referred to as setup. During driving in clay soils. this report includes: • • Subsurface cross sections at the location of each of the temporary towers. In general. which also is observed in some fine-grained sand layers. 2001a. Therefore. and 2) the design information provided by TY Lin/M&N and Caltrans.DOC 2 . As requested by Caltrans. The temporary tower locations. the pile capacity at the end of driving normally will be less than the ultimate static pile capacity used for design.8 meganewtons (MN) (200 tons). As the pore pressures dissipate. the setup period is proportional to the diameter of the driven pile. high-capacity foundations are relatively unconventional and would require substantial review. 1. or 4) precast-prestressed concrete shells. the pile capacity will increase.. and Earth Mechanics. Further. are underlain by a significant thickness of clay strata. A number of example calculations for a range of pile types and sizes. to minimize impacts to cost and schedule. The analyses and recommendations presented in this report are based primarily on: 1) the information obtained from geologic site investigation and soil laboratory testing as described in the Final Marine Geotechnical Site Characterization report (Fugro-EM. It is recommended that piles for temporary tower foundations be: 1) steel pipe piles. Consequently. As a result. 98-42-0054 1. and I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.) provided to date for the Skyway Structure Temporary Towers. 5 Project No. it is recommended that pile foundations have a maximum sectional dimension on the order of 0. pile length. field measurements have shown that the time required for piles to regain their ultimate strength in clay soils can be on the order of several months to years.4 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF WORK This report documents the geotechnical analyses and recommendations by Fugro-Earth Mechanics (a joint venture between Fugro West. Caltrans construction personnel expressed the desire that more conventional pile acceptance criteria be applicable to the piles supporting temporary structures. For very-largediameter piles. and pile section for the support of the temporary towers is the responsibility of the contractor.

5 Project No.1 presents Preliminary Axial Pile Design Parameters and Example Results for Location A and the first plate in the series. and "Y" is the sequential number for the particular analysis type and tower location.61-meter-diameter) Precast Square Concrete Piles (0. it should be recognized that the results presented above do not reflect the subsequent location-specific subsurface explorations and should likely not be used for design. The procedures are discussed in detail in the subsequent sections. "1" is the plate type (there is only one type for the axial pile capacity section). two of which have been analyzed for two pile sizes: • • • Steel Pipe Piles (0.DOC 3 .and 0. although not all have been performed for all potential pile types and locations.41. Therefore. preliminary typical soil profiles were used as the basis for the above analyses. The input parameters and results for example calculations at each of the three tower locations are presented on a series of plates in Appendices A through E. ANALYSES PERFORMED Four different types of analyses are described in this memorandum. Final design should be done by the contractor once the temporary tower structure type and foundation loads are known. but can be grouped as follows: • • • • Ultimate Static Axial Pile Capacity Lateral Load Capacity and Load-Deflection Axial Load-Deflection Drivability Assessment Three different pile types have been selected as being typical of the piles that may be used. "X" is the tower location (A. the nomenclature for which is used for subsequent appendices and is as follows: Plate A1-X. 98-42-0054 • 1.Y where: • • • • "A" is the analysis type designation (also the appendix letter).41. For example.and 0.61-meter-square) Steel "H" Piles (0. A1-A.SFOBB Task Order No.MAR. B or C).36-meter width) As described above. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.5 Recommended criteria for the design and construction of temporary tower pile foundations.

Also shown for each CPT sounding and boring are the interpreted soil shear strengths derived either from CPT tip resistance or from strength testing of samples from borings. 98-42-0054 2.MAR. The cross sections extend down to elevation (El. typical soil profiles at the locations of the temporary towers were developed as follows: • Location A . The sections have no vertical exaggeration and include profiles of the Phase 3 CPT soundings as well as previous borings.) -75 meters. As shown on those plates. 2. The location of the section lines are shown on Plates 1 and 2.6 meters below mudline • Location C . 5 Project No. eight CPT soundings were performed in the anticipated temporary tower locations.5 meters and then Boring 98-27 from 37. At the time this report was prepared in draft. three more at Location B. and a key to the data presented on the cross sections is provided on Plate 3. little location-specific data were available.SFOBB Task Order No. with respect to the piers and borings. Logs of the CPT soundings are presented in the Final Marine Geotechnical Site Characterization report (Fugro-EM.5 meters to 90. while the cross sections at Location C are along the centerline of the eastbound (CE-CE') and westbound (CW-CW') alignments. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.2 PHASE 3 SITE INVESTIGATIONS During the Phase 3 exploration program.DOC 4 . 2001a).2 meters below mudline The eastbound and westbound bridge alignments were not differentiated when developing the preliminary typical soil profiles or performing subsequent analyses.3 SUBSURFACE CROSS SECTIONS To illustrate the subsurface stratigraphy at the various tower locations four subsurface cross sections were prepared and are presented on Plates 4 through 7.8 meters below mudline ! Location B . is shown on Plates 1 and 2. Therefore. The cross sections at Locations A and B (A-A' and B-B') are oriented perpendicular to the N6 alignment. three CPT soundings were performed at Location A. for the purposes of developing the special provisions and preparing illustrative example calculations. and an additional two at Location C.Boring 98-26 to 82.1 PRELIMINARY SOIL PROFILES The approximate location of the temporary towers.Boring 98-19 to 37. The locations of those soundings are also shown on Plates 1 and 2.0 SUBSURFACE STRATIGRAPHY 2. 2.Boring 98-39 to 104.

the thickness of stiff clay layers of the MPSA also increases to the north. In general. suggesting that the sand may have infilled a deeper paleochannel.SFOBB Task Order No.DOC 5 . Old Bay Mud (OBM).and northwest-southeast-trending paleochannels. ! At Location B. the subsurface stratigraphy generally includes a greater thickness (on the order of up to 8 meters) of relatively dense sand layers than at Location A. the Old Bay Mud (OBM) crust also slopes to the north. 5 Project No. In general. silt. and clay within the Upper Alameda Marine (UAM) sediments appears to be present below approximately El.4 STRATIGRAPHIC CONDITIONS The stratigraphic conditions underlying each temporary tower location are illustrated on Plates 4 through 7. little sand is present beneath Tower AE. 98-42-0054 2. Very stiff clay layers of the OBM are encountered approximately 8 to 9 meters deeper at the northern edge of the N6 alignment than at the southern edge. ! At Location A. This observation is generally consistent with the identification of the N6 alignment along the flank of an east-west-trending YBM-infilled paleochannel. and Upper Alameda Marine (UAM) Detailed descriptions of the various geologic units and their material properties are provided in the Final Marine Geotechnical Site Characterization Report (Fugro-EM. The following is a summary of the variations in shallow conditions illustrated on the cross sections: • At Locations A. and C. B.MAR. The primary geologic units identified within the depth range of interest are: • • • • Young Bay Mud (YBM). the thickness of Young Bay Mud (YBM) generally increases to the north. the Young Bay Mud (YBM) is approximately 3 to 4 meters thicker beneath Tower CW than beneath Tower CE. Relatively dense sand layers of the Merritt-Posey-San Antonio (MPSA) Formations that are present beneath Tower CE appear to be have been eroded beneath much of I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. -60 meters at both Locations A and B. Merritt-Posey-San Antonio (MPSA) Formations. Since the surface of the top of the Old Bay Mud (OBM) is also channeled. ! An interlayered sequence of sand. The sand layers are present beneath both Towers BE and BW. ! Temporary Tower C appears to be located in an area of intersecting east-west. while up to 3 meters of sand are present at the location of Tower AW. the presence of sand layers within the Merritt-Posey-San Antonio (MPSA) Formations appears to increase to the north. In general. 2001a). which suggests that the YBM-infilled channel may be nested within older paleochannels.

The sand layers within the YBM. however.SFOBB Task Order No. • At all locations. appear to be of a somewhat lower relative density. 98-42-0054 Tower CW as well. the Old Bay Mud and Upper Alameda Marine sediment sequences frequently include overconsolidated crusts that are relatively flat-lying. within which the shear strength of the materials is on the order of 50 to 150 kilopascals (kPa) greater than the materials underlying those crusts.DOC 6 . the lower sections of YBM appear to include a relatively continuous sand layer at elevations similar to the MPSA sand layers farther to the south.MAR. although typically very stiff. 5 Project No. However. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.

7 MN.0 AXIAL AND LATERAL PILE CAPACITY AND LOAD-DEFORMATION CONSIDERATIONS 3.5 against service loads may be appropriate for design. Assuming that the axial load is distributed equally between the piles supporting the structure and ignoring the self weight of the temporary tower. 3. Axial capacity is likely to govern the pile length.1. the ultimate capacity (from skin friction alone) required for the maximum 1. 1993a. On the basis of the above recommendations. Additional pile capacity from end bearing (albeit at larger pile deflections) will be in reserve for extreme infrequent dynamic loads (i.1 Factor of Safety As discussed subsequently.1 ULTIMATE STATIC AXIAL PILE CAPACITY All three of the preliminary soil profiles combined with each of the selected pile types and sizes have been analyzed for ultimate static axial pile capacity. A factor of safety of at least 2. The API methods are considered to be particularly suited to the primarily marine foundation soils encountered at the temporary tower locations.. As I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.0 against service loads is commonly used during the design of pile foundations. it is recommended that the end-bearing component of axial capacity be neglected for service load design. the axial pile deflection required to mobilize the end-bearing component of pile capacity is significantly greater than the deflections required to mobilize the skin friction component of pile capacity.DOC 7 . In the API method.MAR. a minimum of approximately six to nine piles will be required per temporary tower. The API guidelines were used and the design equations modified to reflect the site-specific soil conditions. As the pile configuration and number of piles are unknown.SFOBB Task Order No.8MN pile is 2. 5 Project No.2 Design Methodology The methods used for analysis were adapted from the American Petroleum Institute (API) recommendations given in the API RP 2A Guidelines for Design of Fixed Offshore Structures (API. However.e. the ultimate axial compressive capacity (Q) for a given penetration is taken as the sum of the skin friction on the pile wall and the end bearing on the pile tip. extreme earthquake loads). Information provided in the draft 100% Design Submittal (TY Lin/M&N. and so the use of all three profiles was considered appropriate to assess the variability in required pile penetrations.1. 2000) drawings indicates that the temporary towers will have design loads of between 10 and 15 MN. To reduce the potential for excessive axial deformation of the temporary towers. 98-42-0054 3.b). since the towers are temporary structures.8-MN maximum allowable load has been assumed as an indicative design load for each pile. 3. the suggested 1. a factor of safety of 1.

which provides guidelines for developing p-y curves for different soil materials.4 3.DOC 8 . the ultimate compressive capacity is shown as a solid line and the ultimate tensile capacity is shown as a dashed line.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile 0. The procedure used to generate the static p-y curves was generally based on the recommendations of API (1993a.MAR.5 31.7 30.8 29.7-MN ultimate skin friction load capacity for each pile type and tower location. On these plots.1 Analytical Methods Static and Seismic p-y Curves. those recommendations that represent an envelope of maximum pile-resistances that degrade with additional cycles of loading are I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.6 23.36-Meter Steel H-Pile 38.3 Example Calculations The input parameters and results for each of the three tower locations are presented on a series of plates in Appendix A. where the soil is modeled as a series of non-linear springs that. however. and parameters used in the calculations in addition to the calculated unit skin friction. be considered for the development of axial load-deformation relationships and for structural design under seismic loads. The end-bearing component should.2 LATERAL PILE LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) RELATIONSHIPS Lateral load-deflection (p-y) curves were generated to assist with the evaluation of the lateral load-deflection behavior of the temporary tower structures. strata unit designation.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile 0. Those p-y curves were then used in a finite-difference analysis.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile 0. Example Required Pile Penetration (meter) Pile Type Location A (Boring 98-26) Location B (Borings 98-19 + 98-27) Location C (Boring 98-39) 0.5 31.2. The following table shows the estimated pile lengths to achieve the 2. 3.5 36.2 34.1. when combined with the flexural rigidity of the pile. 5 Project No. resist shear loading applied at mudline. However. and the ultimate axial skin friction capacity curves (presented with no factor of safety).b).1 26. unit end bearing.8 34. 98-42-0054 discussed above.0 27.4 35.SFOBB Task Order No. Recommendations for strain-softening p-y curves to evaluate piles under cyclic loading conditions also are presented in API (1993a.b). Lateral load-deflection (p-y) curves were developed for each of the five pile types and for two typical soil profiles (tower locations A and C).4 39. 3. it is recommended that end-bearing capacity not be considered for service load design. These plates present the soil type.5 27.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile 0.8 33.

A general scouring of the mudline soils reduces the effective stresses at any given depth in the soil.. considered to be unsuitable for time-history-based. soil-structure interaction analyses. it is recommended that a p-multiplier of 0. As a minimum. It should be noted that these plates only indicate the ultimate loads (pu or pn) and critical displacements (yc or yu). Curves should also be generated at points immediately above and immediately below the "critical depth" as defined in API (1993a. and each reference strain value).1 through B2-C. Additionally. Depths for Generation of p-y Curves.1 through B1-A.SFOBB Task Order No. Long-term scour around the existing pier structures ranges from 1 to 5 meters according to recent surveys. Scour considerations have not been included in these specimen calculations. 2. Scour Considerations.5 meter and an additional local scour equal to one pile diameter be used. but it is recommended that they are considered carefully prior to finalizing the design.3). 3. the effect of scour will be less significant. for the design of temporary structures supported on relatively small piles. The effects of scour around a pile are twofold: 1. sensitivity analyses that both include and ignore scour considerations should likely be performed. leading to a reduction in assigned skin friction and a reduction in ultimate lateral soil resistance. and that the remainder of the curves should be scaled from these values using the appropriate normalized values provided in API (1993a.2. curves should be generated at every change in soil parameter (i. undrained shear strength. unit weight. thereby reducing capacity. For the evaluation of stresses induced in structural members during seismic loading.1 through B1-C. soil-structure interaction analyses for earthquake loading conditions. 1997) to evaluate the lateral load-deflection response of the pile at the mudline. it is recommended that a general scour of 0. therefore. effective friction angle. The above p-y curves were incorporated into a finite difference analyses using the computer program LPILE (Ensoft.DOC 9 .2 Example Calculations Example p-y curves generated using the above recommendations are presented on a series of six plates (Plates B1-A. Local scouring or "slotting" around the pile reduces the length of pile in contact with the soil. 98-42-0054 generally applicable to pseudostatic push-over analyses.1 through B2-A. For final design of the temporary towers.e.3 and B1-C. The results of those evaluations are given on Plates B2-A.5 be used to model both cyclic degradation and group effects.b).MAR. The API recommendations are.5. Each of the five chosen pile types have been analyzed under I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.b). For time-history-based. However. The choice of the depths at which p-y curves should be produced is significant. 5 Project No. p-y curves should likely be spaced no farther apart than 1 pile diameter for the upper 20 pile diameters.5 and B2-C.

it should be considered for the development of axial loaddeformation relationships and for structural design under seismic loads. 5 Project No. the difference in the behavior of the 0. As discussed above. the end-bearing component of pile capacity has not been included in the assessment of ultimate pile capacity for these temporary structures. Although the end-bearing component of pile capacity has not been included in the assessment of ultimate pile capacities. The main reason for this is that the pile deflection required to mobilize the end-bearing component of pile capacity is typically significantly greater than the deflections required to mobilize the skin friction component of pile capacity. The "true" behavior of the pile head depends on the degree of fixity provided by the pilecap. or a different loading position. Direct use of the API guidelines is recommended for assessing end bearing (q-z) curves and side shear (t-z) curves for sand and clay. Consideration should be given to the effect of any free-standing pile length ("stick-up") above bay floor. The lateral loaddeflection response of the pile head will vary depending upon the bending stiffness of the pile. then the additional bending moment and shear stress applied by the eccentric axial load should also be included. 3.41-meter-square concrete pile can be seen by comparing Plates B2-A.1 and B2-A. and will likely lie within these two extremes. which is a function of its geometry and material type. 98-42-0054 "fixed" pile head (restrained against rotation) and "free" pile head (unrestrained against rotation) conditions. 3.3. the p-y curves are identical. Furthermore.3 AXIAL PILE LOAD-DEFLECTION RELATIONSHIPS 3.41-meter-diameter steel pipe pile and the 0. Thus.b) provides guidelines for developing t-z and q-z curves for different soil materials.SFOBB Task Order No. In other words. the design of driven piles should consider axial loaddeflection characteristics. For a given pile width or diameter. if the predicted deflection under the working lateral loads is significant.2 Analytical Methods API (1993a.3.e. It should be noted that these fixity conditions apply to a pile flush with the bay floor and a lateral load applied at that level.DOC 10 . the ultimate load divided by the factor of safety).1 Load-Transfer Considerations In addition to load capacity. the skin friction typically exceeds the applied load (i.MAR. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. the majority of the applied service load is mobilized in skin friction along the pile shaft at levels of deflection much smaller than those required to mobilize significant components of the end bearing. It has long been recognized (in offshore platform design) that the component of pile capacity due to end bearing is largely in reserve for piles driven through primarily clay soils and designed for normal factors of safety. For example..3.

1 through C2-A. The normalized curves are presented on Plates C1-A. As the pile head deflection increases. the effects of scour were ignored for these analyses.1 through C2-C.3.DOC 11 . The effect of including the end (q-z) spring is illustrated on a comparable set of Plates C3-A.5 and C1-C.4 PILE GROUP ACTION The combined behavior of closely spaced piles will be different from that of the sum of the individual piles.3 and C3-C. It should be noted that the "t" values are expressed in terms of load per unit area (kPa) and need to be multiplied by the pile perimeter and the incremental length (along the axis of the pile) to estimate the total force that can be mobilized in each t-z spring. initially. As an increasing load is applied to the head of the pile.1 through C1-C. In such models.3 and C2-C. if it is present. 5 Project No.1 through C1-A. If the spacing is less than 3 pile diameters. In addition. then each of the t-z springs would be fully mobilized simultaneously. the axial compression of the pile is coupled with the progressive mobilization of the non-linear side springs. Section 6. The ultimate axial load capacity is reached when all the springs are mobilized.MAR. The interaction between the piles should be considered if the piles are closer together than 8 or 10 pile diameters.b). it deflects axially downwards and. In order to appreciate the effect of the compressibility of the pile. These curves have been generated for two soil profiles (Locations A and C) for the five specimen pile types and lengths.1 through C3-A. the upper springs are mobilized.1 through C3-C. Example pile head load-deflection curves are presented on Plates C2-A. load is transferred onto the lower springs and eventually the end spring (q-z curve) is mobilized. 3.5. In this case.9. In order to evaluate the axial pile head load-deflection response. then the interaction may be very significant in terms of ultimate capacity and lateral and axial loaddeformation response. the ultimate resistance would be reached at a pile head deflection equal to one percent of the pile diameter. Further details on evaluating the magnitude of this effect are given in API (1993a. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. it should be noted that if the pile were completely rigid.3. 98-42-0054 3.3 for the side friction only (tension) case.SFOBB Task Order No.3 Example Calculations The example t-z curves have been evaluated using the methods described above at depths corresponding to changes in soil parameters sufficient to fully describe the ultimate unit skin friction profile. these curves were incorporated into an analytical model that assesses the combined behavior of the pile and soil to an applied axial load.

The toe resistance is computed by multiplying the unit end bearing by the end-bearing area. the soil plug moves with the pile during driving. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. For the coring condition. Unlike static pile capacity computations. For the plugged condition. one hammer has been selected to drive two typical pile types through a single soil profile. (1982) were used to calculate soil resistance to driving. For the purposes of demonstrating the analysis required. For the purpose of these preliminary evaluations. relative movement between pile and soil occurs both on the outside and inside of the pile wall. 5 Project No. (1982) recommend computing lower. and the end-bearing area is the gross area of the pile. For concrete displacement piles. For large-diameter pipe piles. 4. drivability analyses should be performed to assess the pile details (wall thickness. shaft resistance is mobilized only on the outer wall.0 PILE DRIVABILITY CONSIDERATIONS To evaluate the constructibility of the proposed pile foundations.) and equipment required to successfully install the piles to their target penetration without overstressing them. the methods suggested by Stevens et al. The shaft resistance is computed by multiplying the average unit skin friction during driving by the embedded surface area of the pile.DOC 12 . etc. reinforcement. The combination chosen was the Delmag D62 driving steel pipe piles and square precast concrete piles at Location B. and Example results of drivability analyses for the temporary towers. it is recommended that drivability analyses be performed using the final soil profiles to confirm that the selected piles can be driven to their design penetration without overstressing them.MAR.SFOBB Task Order No. the end-bearing area is equal to the cross-sectional area of steel at the driving shoe. developed on both the outside and inside pile wall. end bearing is not limited to the frictional resistance developed by the soil plug. therefore. For final design and hammer selection. 98-42-0054 4. The resistance to driving is the sum of the shaft resistance and the toe resistance during driving. When a pipe pile plugs. The following sections summarize: • • Methodology and conditions to be considered in drivability evaluations.and upper-bound values of soil resistance to driving for both coring and plugged pile conditions. Shaft resistance is. When a pipe pile cores. Stevens et al.1 Soil Resistance to Driving Computation of the soil resistance to pile driving is analogous to the computation of ultimate axial pile capacity by the static method. Drivability analyses have been performed based on the available soils data and anticipated pile sizes and target penetrations. only the plugged cases are considered.1.1 DRIVABILITY ANALYSES 4.

and upper-bound soil resistance curves represent experience gained from previous projects. after each add-on is made or during significant delays.MAR. Fp = an empirical pile capacity factor. provided the pile wall is of sufficient thickness to effectively transmit the energy provided from an adequately-sized pile driving hammer. 5 Project No. a lower bound is computed using unadjusted values of unit skin friction and unit end bearing. however.5 (OCR)0. the unit skin friction and unit end-bearing values used in the drivability analyses are the same as those used to compute static pile capacity. With the exception of clay skin friction. partially plugged. Plugging during continuous driving in predominantly cohesive soils is unlikely. the unit skin friction is not increased and the unit end bearing is computed using a bearing capacity factor of 15. For a plugged pile. The piles are assumed to initially plug. The lower.6. The pile capacity factor empirically determined from wave equation analyses performed for six sites is given by: Fp = 0. pile diameter.DOC 13 .2 method recommended by the American Petroleum Institute (API. and pile acceleration during driving. The unit skin friction for static loading is first computed by using the C. such that: fdr = Fp f where: fdr = unit skin friction used in the drivability analyses. 98-42-0054 Whether or not a pipe pile is coring. That experience with the drivability of large-diameter steel pipe piles into predominantly clay soils indicates that the soil resistance calculated for a "coring" pile will generally provide the best estimate of the field blow counts. An upper bound is computed assuming the internal skin friction is equal to 50 percent of the external skin friction. the unit skin friction during continuous driving is computed using the stress history approach presented by Semple and Gemeinhardt (1981).SFOBB Task Order No. A corresponding increase in limiting values for unit skin friction and unit end bearing is assumed. pile roughness. a lower bound is computed assuming that the skin friction developed on the inside of the pile is negligible. or plugged is determined by the soil conditions. For piles driven in cohesive soils. The unit skin friction for static loading is then adjusted incrementally by multiplying it by a pile capacity factor. which is an increase of 67 percent. 1986).3 I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. For a coring pile. as discussed by Stevens (1988). For cohesive soils. An upper-bound plugged case for granular soils is computed by increasing the unit skin friction by 30 percent and the unit end bearing by 50 percent.4. and f = unit skin friction for static loading conditions.

MAR.DOC 14 . Hammer Parameters. 5 Project No. and 3) soil parameters. These parameters are discussed in the following paragraphs.0037PI) where: σvo' PI = effective overburden pressure = plasticity index. the ram I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.SFOBB Task Order No. Su S unc where: Su Sunc = (OCR) 0. Air/steam and diesel hammers are modeled by four segments: 1) the ram as a weight with finite stiffness.33 (qc .1. The parameters used in the wave equation analysis can be divided into three groups: 1) hammer parameters. For hydraulic hammers. and c) correlation with CPT tip resistance.85 = actual undrained shear strength of clay having a given plasticity index (PI) = undrained shear strength of the same clay if normally consolidated. According to a relationship developed by Skempton (1944): Sunc = σvo' (0. OCR may also be estimated from CPT tip resistances using the following equations: σ p' = 0. 2) the hammer cushion as a weightless spring with finite stiffness. and 4) a pile cushion as a spring with finite stiffness.σvo') OCR = σp' / σvo' where: 4. 3) the pile cap (helmet) as a weight with infinite stiffness. 98-42-0054 The overconsolidation ratio (OCR) is estimated from: a) the measured undrained shear strength and Atterberg limit data. OCR is estimated from the measured undrained shear strength and Atterberg limit data using the following equations.11 + 0. b) consolidation test results. 2) pile parameters. a hammer cushion is not used.2 σvo' σp' qc = effective overburden pressure = preconsolidation stress = cone tip resistance Wave Equation Analyses Wave equation analysis of pile driving is based on the discrete element idealization of the hammer-pile-soil system formulated by Smith (1960).

Soil Parameters.8 meters above bay floor) for the purpose of the drivability assessment. the static component of resistance on each element is represented by an elastic spring with a friction block used to represent the ultimate static resistance. Because increasing pile lengths onsite is significantly more problematic for the precast concrete piles than for the steel pipe piles. and penetration below the bay floor. The rated energy and the weight of the ram and pilecap are obtained from the manufacturer. The required pile lengths below bay floor were derived from the pile capacity analyses. the implications of overdrive should be studied carefully for the precast concrete piles. Each pile segment is modeled as a weight and a spring. The soil resistance is distributed along the side of each embedded element and at the pile toe. The hammer efficiency and cushion properties are either the measured driving system performance data (estimated from Fugro's database for 23 offshore hammers and 12 cushion configurations) or published values. the slenderness ratios range from 73 to 137. For the analyses presented here. For the pile lengths chosen. Efficiency of the hammer. It has been assumed that all the piles are driven in one section. unit weight of the pile material.SFOBB Task Order No. 5 Project No.8 meters above the bay floor has been assumed for all piles. A practical consideration for the handling of the piles should be the slenderness ratio. pile cushions are not typically used when driving steel pipe piles. 98-42-0054 impacts directly on the pilecap.DOC 15 . a total stick-up of 14. During driving. Weight of the ram. Weight of the pilecap. Due to the perceived handling problems associated with slender concrete piles. with no attachment of add-ons and without the use of followers. the smaller of the two concrete piles has been limited in length to 39. The pile driving hammer is described by the: • • • • • • Rated hammer energy. Pile Parameters. and a maximum setting of 4 thereafter. and Pile cushion stiffness and coefficient of restitution (concrete piles).6 meters (including 14.MAR. the Delmag D62 diesel hammer was used with a fuel setting of 2 while driving through the Young Bay Mud. Hammer cushion stiffness and coefficient of restitution. modulus of elasticity of the pile material. For these illustrative calculations. In addition. There are essentially I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. free-standing length of pile (stick-up). The pile is divided into an appropriate number of segments of approximately equal length. which can be defined as the ratio of the pile length to its diameter. The pile parameters consist of the diameter. the wall thickness schedule. The dynamic component of resistance is modeled by a dashpot.

a uniform wall thickness of 12. and sand. and 3) the percentage of the total resistance to driving at the pile toe. and sand. For the steel pipe piles. 98-42-0054 three soil parameters used in the wave equation analyses: 1) the quake (also referred to as the elastic ground compression) for the side and point of the pile. For the 0. It is recommended that the soil quake and damping parameters suggested by Roussel (1979) should be used in the wave equation analyses. Side damping in clay decreases with increasing shear strength. These parameters were determined from a comprehensive correlation study performed for large-diameter offshore piles in which the driving records of 58 piles at 15 offshore sites in the Gulf of Mexico were analyzed.2 EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS FOR PILE DRIVABILITY Specimen wave equation analyses were performed using the hammer parameters tabulated below. silt. and the results are summarized in Plates D1-B.49 second per meter is recommended for firm to hard clay.41-meter concrete piles. Hammer Type Coefficient of Restitution.2. the side quake is also taken as 0.DOC 16 . however. silt. Ram / Pilecap Coefficient of Restitution. Point damping of 0. 4.1 through D1-B. 4.25 centimeter (cm) for stiff to hard clay. Estimates of pile run for the example cases analyzed are tabulated below along with the summary of drivability results. which is in agreement with the laboratory test results of Coyle and Gibson (1970) and Heerema (1979).MAR. For the steel pipe piles.SFOBB Task Order No. but the point quake is a function of the pile size.34 cm was used.80 0.25 centimeter (cm). a point quake of 0.1 Hammer Efficiency (%) 80 0.7 mm was assumed for the entire length of the pile. Pilecap / Pile Delmag D62 4. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. Estimates of the pile run due to hammer placement should be made by comparing the combined weight of the first pile section (or the total weight if only one section is adopted) and the hammer with the calculated lower-bound soil resistance to driving.2 Pile Run The term "pile run" is used to describe the penetration of the pile due to self weight and the weight of the hammer.4. For the precast concrete displacement piles. 2) the damping coefficient for the side and point of the pile.50 Computed Soil Resistance to Driving The soil resistances to driving (SRD) were computed using the methods outlined in the preceding sections.61-meter concrete piles. a point quake of 0. This will inevitably change if this type of pile is selected with a variable wall thickness schedule to compensate for potential high stresses induced in certain sections of the pile. 5 Project No. with a magnitude of 0.51 cm was used.2. for the 0. the side and point quakes are assumed equal.

for precastprestressed concrete piles. Although the blow counts in this sequence are predicted to reach 65 blows per 0. 98-42-0054 4. it is desirable to stress the pile up to its practical allowable driving stresses. The initial pile section is expected to "run" to a few meters above the base of the YBM sediments under the weight of the pile and hammer.3 Blow Counts The Young Bay Mud (YBM) and Old Bay Mud/Upper Alameda Marine (OBM/UAM) sequences primarily comprise marine clay sediments. 4. Within the Old Bay Mud/Upper Alameda Marine (OBM/UAM). When driving steel pipe piles through those sediments. However. the highest stress level in the life of the pile occurs during driving. Blow counts within the YBM sediments are expected to be very low (under 5 blows per 0.SFOBB Task Order No. The blow counts for all cases were generally less than 30 blows per 0. Stevens et al. For the solid piles.DOC 17 . it is recommended that these be used as an indication of driving behavior in this sequence. The Merritt-Posey-San Antonio (MPSA) Formations lie beneath the Young Bay Mud and consists of dense sands with stiff clay layers. the magnitude of which is governed by the thickness of the sand layers.2.2. this conclusion is highly sensitive to the layer thickness (relative to the chosen pile diameter) and soil resistance parameters chosen for the MPSA.and lower-bound plugged case to be a reasonable prediction of the driving behavior in dense sands. experience suggests that the coring cases are generally representative of conditions during continuous driving. However. therefore.MAR. The high strain rate and temporary nature of the loading allow a higher. the 'plugged' case is applicable in all instances. These blow counts suggest that delays during driving in the clay sediments of the OBM/UAM sequence are unlikely to significantly impact the installation process when using the pile and hammer combination chosen for these example calculations.4 Driving Stresses Generally.25 meter in the upperbound case for the larger of the two concrete piles analyzed. more sustainable pile stress than for static loading. this is not considered to cause installation problems for the Delmag D62 hammer. This stratum should be considered carefully during the detailed drivability analyses. 5 Project No.25 meter). I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. (1982) considered the upper. the drivability analyses suggest that the piles considered can be driven relatively easily with the Delmag D62 hammer.25 meter. The dense sand layers within these formations cause a significant increase in predicted blow counts. while the plugged cases are representative of conditions subsequent to significant delays. driving stresses need to be closely controlled to minimize the possibility of damage to the pile during driving. For efficient utilization of both driving hammer and pile material.

8 meters. 5 Project No.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile 0. Assuming an fpe of 8 megapascals (MPa) and fc' of 42 MPa. b. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.The recommended allowable compressive stress during driving is also a function of fpe and fc'. • Steel Pipe Piles .1 through D2-B.It is recommended that the maximum compressive stress in steel pipe piles be limited to 90 percent of the yield stress.7 39.The maximum recommended driving tension stress is a combination of the net pre-stress (fpe) and concrete compressive strength (fc').MAR. To reduce the risk that the allowable driving stresses are not exceeded during the pile driving.8-meter stick-up above mudline.3 11. 4. Pile Type and Size 0.4 14.Tensile stress does not usually govern allowable driving stresses. the recommended allowable tension driving stress is approximately 10 MPa.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile a b Pile Lengtha (meters) Pile Run (meters) Maximum Predicted Blow Count (blows/0. Total length required for axial capacity = 48. • Steel Pipe Piles . 98-42-0054 Based on AASHTO (1994) codes. it is recommended that the contractor monitors and controls the hammer fuel settings (diesel hammer). The summary tabulated below is of the estimated pile run and maximum predicted blow count and induced stresses predicted in the analyses.0 12.8 24 56 22 65 240 260 22 14 55 51 8 8 Includes 14. the recommended allowable compression driving stress is approximately 28 MPa. Pile length limited for practical handling constraints. and pile cushion thickness (concrete piles) during driving.DOC 18 .25 meter) Maximum Compressive Stress (MPa) Maximum Tensile Stress (MPa) 55. Compressive Stress • Precast Concrete Piles . a yield stress of 340 MPa was assumed for steel pipe piles.6 47. the following allowable driving stress limits are recommended: a.SFOBB Task Order No. hammer stroke (hydraulic hammer).4. Tension Stress • Precast Concrete Piles .6b 44. Assuming an fpe of 8 MPa and fc' of 42 MPa.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile 0. but has been included for demonstration purposes in these analyses. Data from the specimen drivability assessment indicate that the driving stresses were generally within the allowable values.6 14. For the purpose of these example evaluations.3 RESULTS OF DRIVABILITY ANALYSES Both the predicted blow count versus depth and the soil resistance to driving curves estimated from wave equation analyses for Temporary Tower Location B are illustrated in Appendix D on Plates D2-B.

2 + 0.61-meter precast concrete piles range from 12 to 40 days. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.0 POST-INSTALLATION SETUP OF AXIAL CAPACITY The process of driving piles into fine-grained soil results in a high degree of disturbance in the soil adjacent to the pile and the creation of excess pore water pressures in the surrounding soil.2 EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS From an examination of all available experimental data.1 EVALUATION OF SETUP On the basis of a large number of experiments in Gulf of Mexico clays with instrumented probes and piles having a wide variation in diameters and displacements. empirical design procedures have been developed that include the effects of both diameter and wall thickness on the rate of consolidation and setup (Bogard and Matlock.8  50  t  1 +  t 50         where: Q(t) = axial capacity at time. 5 Project No. 1990).61meter-diameter steel pipe piles with a thin-wall cutting shoe were estimated to range from 2 to 7 days. 5. 5.DOC 19 . consideration should be given to its use during design and scheduling. t Qu = ultimate static axial capacity = time required for dissipation of 50 percent of the excess pore pressures t50 Predictions of pile setup are dependent upon parameters such as soil permeability and the level of disturbance caused by the installation process. The reduced as-driven pile capacities will need to be considered during the construction process.to 0. it is recommended that the minimum factor of safety requirements specified above be followed at all times. In view of the variability inherent with those parameters. The recommended relationship describing the evolution of axial capacity with time is:   t   t Q( t ) = Q u 0. predictions of pile setup are fraught with uncertainty.to 0.SFOBB Task Order No. The corresponding values of t50 for 0.e. 98-42-0054 5.MAR.. the data that suggest slower rates of setup).41. In general. One consequence of this disturbance is a decrease in the as-driven capacity and a subsequent increase in the capacity with time as the excess pore pressures dissipate.41. Therefore. the values of t50 for 0. although the above empirical relationship was developed as a lower bound of the available field measurements (i.

SFOBB Task Order No.1 and E1-B. 5 Project No.61-meter steel pipe and precast concrete piles are presented on Plates E1-B. the setup curves for side shear capacity for both 0. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.DOC 20 .MAR. in Appendix E.5 to 2 months for the steel pipe piles.to 0.2.5 to 9. and from 2. 98-42-0054 On the basis of the above relationship.41. respectively.5 months for the precast concrete piles. The time required to reach approximately 50 percent of the skin friction capacity may range from 1 to 2 weeks for the steel pipe piles and from 1 to 3 weeks for the precast concrete piles. It can be seen from these two plates that the time required to reach approximately 90 percent of the ultimate skin friction capacity in clay layers can be expected to range from 0.

" of the Caltrans Standard Specifications (1995). 6. Supplementary recommendations are presented as follows.1 DRIVING SYSTEM SUBMITTAL Prior to installing driven piling.e. 98-42-0054 6. All proposed driving systems (i. 5 Project No.SFOBB Task Order No.02. piling for temporary towers should be performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 49 of the Standard Specifications (Caltrans. The analysis should be performed for the pile-schedule/details shown on the contractor's design drawings. each hammer that may be brought onto the site) should be included in the submittal. submittals should include the following: 1. the Contractor should provide a driving system submittal (that includes a drivability analysis) in conformance with the provisions in Section 5-1.. percentage shaft resistance.DOC 21 . However. As a minimum. capblock.g. Drivability studies should model the Contractor's proposed driving systems (including the driving shoe. it is recommended that a pile data table documenting design loads and required pile tip elevations be submitted to the engineer for approval as part of the working drawing submittal. and pile cushion) as well as determine driving resistance and pile stresses for assumed site conditions. For steel pipe piles. It is recommended that a minimum of 3 weeks be provided exclusively for review of the driving system submittal.MAR. The driving system submittal should contain an analysis showing that the proposed driving systems will install piling to the design tip elevation in accordance with the criteria described in the subsequent sections. distribution of skin friction. The range of soil resistance to driving and percentage shaft resistance should be determined for site conditions ranging from 5 meters above to 5 meters below the specified pile tip elevation shown on the plans. and total soil resistance to driving I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. The analyses should consider a range of total soil resistance to driving and associated percentage shaft resistance. Drivability analyses should be performed for each temporary tower location. since the design of temporary tower piling is to be performed by the contractor.. Drivability studies included in the submittal should be based on a wave equation analysis done by using a computer program that has been approved by the engineer. hammer. "Plans and Working Drawings. Separate analyses should be completed at elevations above the specified pile tip elevations (e. 1995).0 PILE INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS In general. both plugged and unplugged cases should be considered. including soil quake and damping coefficients. within the dense Merritt Sand layers) where difficult driving is anticipated. Complete description of soil parameters used.

Estimates of pile penetration due to self weight and the weight of the hammer b. including rated energy.DOC 22 . however.g. dynamic monitoring. Section 49-1. These recommendations are intended to serve as guidelines for the establishment of refusal criteria. that piles driven through dense sand layers of the MerrittPosey-San Antonio Formations and designed to tip in the underlying clay layers will likely encounter relatively high blow counts (probably in excess of the refusal criteria specified in Caltrans [1995]) at pile penetrations above the design tip elevation. or 3 times the blow count required in 75 mm for the design bearing load … additional aids shall be used to obtain the specified penetration. For steel pipe piles. Completed "Pile and Driving Data Form" 4. Copies of all test results from any previous pile load tests. and d. and all driving records used in the analyses.07 of the Caltrans Standard Specifications (1995) states that "When the blow count exceeds either 2 times the blow count required in 300 mm.2 PILE REFUSAL CRITERIA The definition of pile refusal is primarily for contractual purposes to define the point where pile driving with a particular hammer should be stopped and other methods instituted (e. consideration can be given to the use of API I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.12 meter. stroke limitations. A preliminary recommended refusal blow count criteria for concrete piles is 125 blows per 0. If refusal occurs and the driving system performance is inadequate. it is recommended that the refusal criteria specified in Caltrans (1995) be modified as discussed below. Plots of maximum pile tensile stress versus blows per 250 mm.SFOBB Task Order No.25 meter. jetting or using a larger hammer). The definition of pile refusal is also meant to reduce the possibility of causing damage to the pile and hammer. Plots of soil resistance to driving versus blows per 250 mm 5. The following refusal criteria are based on the assumption of a properly operating hammer. 6. 98-42-0054 2.. Concrete piles are more susceptible to pile damage than steel piles and. Plots of maximum pile head and pile toe compressive stress versus blows per 250 mm c. therefore. or 65 blows per 0." Note. Therefore. typically have lower specified refusal criteria than large-diameter steel pipe piles. 5 Project No. Final refusal criteria should be developed for the particular hammer system(s) selected and approved to drive the production piles.MAR. and hammer efficiency 3. Results from drivability analyses should include: a. the hammer or cushion should be changed before remedial measures are undertaken. List of all hammer operation parameters assumed in the analysis.

For efficient utilization of both the pile driving hammer and pile material.fpe. it is recommended that the allowable driving stress be limited to 90 percent of the yield stress of steel.3 DELAYS AND REDRIVING During driving. For steel piles. The interruption to driving operations may last 12 to 24 hours. The high strain rate and temporary nature of the loading allow a substantially higher allowable stress than for static loading. When techniques other than driving are used to advance the pile. • Compressive Stress. conditions assumed in the computation of ultimate pile capacity based on driving alone may not be met. The maximum recommended allowable compressive stress is (0.SFOBB Task Order No.4 ALLOWABLE DRIVING STRESS CRITERIA Generally. the following allowable driving stress limits are recommended: • Tension Stress. For precast-prestressed concrete piles. The required welding time for add-ons increases with wall thickness. it may be necessary to interrupt driving operations to change hammers or perhaps add pile sections for pipe piles. increased blow counts may be experienced for delays longer than about 2 hours.b) refusal criteria. Delays on the order of several days may result from bad weather or equipment breakdown. interruptions in driving should be kept as short as possible. 5 Project No. To reduce the potential for encountering refusal above the design tip elevations. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. driving should not be stopped when the pile tip is within 5 pile diameters of a sand layer shown on the typical soil profiles. During this time. it is desirable to stress the pile to the practical limit during driving. The maximum recommended driving tension stress is the net prestress (fpe) plus three times the square root of the concrete compressive strength (fc').85)fc' . If a pile reaches refusal short of design penetration. 98-42-0054 (1993a. and pile capacities may have to be recomputed to more closely reflect the actual installation procedure. Worn cushions should be replaced and back-up hammers should be available. the highest stress level in the life of a pile occurs during driving. 6. Upon redriving piles after setup has occurred. pile acceptance should be evaluated by the engineer before remedial installation procedures are undertaken. many clays (and some fine-grained sands) will cause setup as excess pore pressures dissipate and the soil particles reorient themselves.MAR. If delays during driving are foreseeable. This refusal blow count should be re-evaluated for the particular hammer system selected to drive the production piles.DOC 23 . 6.

If I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. Additionally. the pile should be advanced a minimum of 75 mm. During the restrike. 5 Project No. a significant amount of time may be required for soil resistance to increase to a point where the required minimum bearing criterion is met. the contractor's approved hammer should be operating at the manufacturer's rated energy. Diesel hammers should be warmed up prior to restriking the pile by having driven another pile with at least 100 blows.5 MINIMUM BEARING CRITERION A minimum bearing criterion is specified in Section 49-1.SFOBB Task Order No. it is recommended that a minimum of 7 days be allowed between the end of driving and the first pile restrike. According to Caltrans (1995). the wave equation analyses should indicate that the allowable stresses are not exceeded for the range of anticipated soil resistances to driving. averaged over the last few blow counts As described previously. the pile will need to be driven further such that the piles achieve the specified minimum bearing. 98-42-0054 The contractor's driving system submittal should document procedures to minimize the potential for the above allowable stresses being exceeded. Preliminarily. The timing for pile restrikes if minimum bearing criteria are not met at the design tip elevation should be evaluated once the pile type and length have been selected. For example. if the piles do not reach sufficient capacity at the specified tip elevation. note that piles driven through primarily clay soils will experience setup after the end of driving. bearing values for driven piles are evaluated using the following formula: P = where: Er 6 (s + 2. 6.DOC 24 . it is recommended that a minimum of two pile restrikes be performed for at least 25 percent of the piles at each tower location at positions to be selected by the engineer to evaluate if piles have the required design capacity.6 PILE RESTRIKES During pile restrikes.54 ) P = safe load in kilonewtons Er = manufacturer's rating for joules of energy developed by the hammer s = penetration per blow in millimeters. To reduce the potential for excessive overdrive allowances and/or the need for pile splicing. In typical Caltrans practices. and the restrike blow count should be taken as the average blow count over the first 50 mm of driving. and between pile restrikes. diesel hammers should be operated at the maximum fuel setting and hydraulic hammers should be operated at the maximum stroke. Therefore.08 of the Caltrans Standard Specifications (1995). 6.MAR.

8 SUPPLEMENTARY INSTALLATION TECHNIQUES IN THE EVENT OF PILE REFUSAL The most economical pile installation procedure is by driving alone without resorting to supplemental procedures. If a pile reaches refusal short of design penetration. the piles may be evaluated based on Pile Driving Analyzer (PDA) measurements and Case Pile Wave Analysis Program (CAPWAP) analyses.to 250-mm thick plywood pile cushion to ensure that sufficient energy is transferred to the pile during the restrike. 5 Project No. the problem should be corrected and the pile redriven. It is recommended that piles driven to refusal with a satisfactorily performing hammer approved by the engineer to within 3 meters of the design penetration be accepted. It is recommended that a used pile cushion be defined as having received at least 100 blows from an acceptable pile driving hammer at the maximum rated energy setting. pile acceptance should be evaluated by a geotechnical engineer before remedial installation procedures or design modifications are undertaken. 6. restrikes should be conducted with a used 180.MAR. and 2) if at least 25 percent of the piles at that pier location meet the minimum bearing criteria.7 PILE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA Preliminary pile acceptance criteria are specified here to assist with the development of a 100% Design Submittal. 98-42-0054 pile cushions are used. Piles driven to refusal above design penetration can also be accepted if dynamic monitoring and CAPWAP analyses indicate that the required compressive and tensile capacities are mobilized. and pile capacities may have to be recomputed to more closely reflect the actual installation procedure. conditions assumed in the computation of ultimate pile capacity based on driving alone may not be met. The recommendations presented here should be reviewed and refined once the final design alternative is selected. If minimum blow count criteria are not met at the specified tip elevation after two pile restrikes. The computed ultimate capacity of driven pipe piles presented is based on the assumption that the piles will be driven to the desired penetration without I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. In lieu of blow count acceptance. In cases where refusal is the result of unsatisfactory hammer performance. the piles should be driven a minimum of 1.0 meter and then evaluated for minimum bearing criteria.DOC 25 . It is recommended that a pile from a particular pier be considered acceptable if: 1) the pile has been driven to the design tip elevation.SFOBB Task Order No. It is recommended that mechanical splices not be allowed at the top of the pile. 6. The contractor should provide an appropriate overdrive allowance in the event that minimum blow count criteria are not met at the required pile tip elevation. When techniques other than driving are used to advance the pile.

These procedures should be selected considering both construction expediency and their effects on pile capacity. In this case. This should avoid costly delays. including the possible effects that these procedures may have on pile capacity. It is recommended that. conditions assumed in computations based on driving alone may not be met. When techniques other than driving are used to aid pile installation. It is recommended that an engineer who is thoroughly familiar with the effects that supplemental pile installation methods have on the parameters used to determine pile capacity be present during construction.SFOBB Task Order No.MAR. have been presented by Sullivan and Ehlers (1972). it is recommended that the proper equipment necessary to achieve the desired penetration be available at the site when platform installation is started. if used. Supplementary pile installation procedures that may be considered under various circumstances. computed capacities must frequently be adjusted to fit actual installation conditions. Also. Application of these or other procedures to aid ordinary driving requires field decisions that take into account many factors beyond the scope of this report. supplementary procedures be chosen and applied under close engineering supervision. 5 Project No. 98-42-0054 supplemental drilling or jetting. since supplemental procedures may be required. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.DOC 26 .

In general.SFOBB Task Order No.1 SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING Analyses of dynamic monitoring data from that program was used to generate approximate estimates of soil resistance to driving. the interpreted soil resistances to continuous driving at shallow penetrations were somewhat lower than predicted using the Stevens et al. the results of the PIDP program provide insight into the behavior of driven piles in Bay Mud. 7. That observation is consistent with the variations between conditions at the PIDP project area and at the areas from which the data used to develop the Bogard and Matlock procedure were derived. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT.b) method and was likely to surpass those estimates. 98-42-0054 7.4-meter-diameter steel pipe piles were driven to penetrations of approximately 93 meters. Preliminary comparisons of those data to the predictions of the methods described in this report were generally satisfactory. 7.MAR.2 PILE SETUP Approximate predictions of the rate at which soil setup was occurring within the clay layers penetrated by the PIDP piles are reported in Fugro-EM (2001b). A description of the program and a documentation of the results are presented in the Pile Installation Demonstration Project geotechnical report (Fugro-EM. That observation indicates that the use of the API (1993a. In general the PIDP piles involve: 1) lower pile displacement ratios. Although the temporary tower piles are anticipated to be substantially shorter and of smaller diameter. 7.3 ULTIMATE PILE CAPACITY Evaluations of pile capacity were made from the pile monitoring data collected during several pile restrikes. and 3) foundation support from a greater number of overconsolidated crustal zones. 5 Project No. The dynamic monitoring data collected during pile restrikes suggest that pile setup occurs more rapidly within those crustal zones.0.b) procedure is likely appropriate for the design of these temporary tower foundations. 2) slightly more plastic soil.0 OBSERVATIONS FROM THE PILE INSTALLATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT A Pile Installation Demonstration Project (PIDP) was performed in the project area between October and December 2000. Those evaluations suggested that the skin friction capacity of the pile was approaching that predicted using the API (1993a. the data tend to suggest that setup around the large-diameter piles occurred somewhat faster than was predicted using the Bogard and Matlock (1990) procedure described in Section 5. On average.DOC 27 . 2001b). three 2. During that program. (1982) method. that observation may be related to the marginal suitability of dynamic monitoring data when using high energy hammers to advance large-diameter piles in relatively soft soil. However.

March 5. and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platform-Load and Resistance Factor Design. Washington. Texas A&M University. Ensoft Inc. Recommended Practice for Planning.C.C.M. and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms. ______ (2001b). D. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project.C. D. Houston. Bogard. 98-42-0054 8. Washington.. and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms-Working Stress Design. 16th Ed. "Application of Model Pile Tests to Axial Pile Designs.C.0 REFERENCES American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (1994). and Gibson. DC. Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges. 22nd Annual Offshore Technology Conference. Ensoft (1997). I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\98-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. Texas Transportation Institute. Volumes 1A & 1B. (1970). Fifteenth Edition. Pile Installation Demonstration Project (PIDP) Geotechnical Report. LPILEPLUS 3. prepared for California Department of Transportation.SFOBB Task Order No.. (1990). FWI Job No.." in Proceedings. Designing. Texas. and Matlock. SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project.DOC 28 .D. pp. API Recommended Practice 2ALRFD (RP 2A-LRFD). API Recommended Practice. Transportation and Housing Agency Department of Transportation. 5 Project No. Texas. American Petroleum Institute (1986) Recommended Practice for Planning. 3. 20th Ed. Recommended Practice for Planning. Fugro-Earth Mechanics (Fugro-EM) (2001a). FWI Job No. 1st Ed. API. 98-42-0061. API.0 for Windows. J. H..MAR. API. Volumes 2A through 2H. Standard Specifications State of California Business. prepared for California Department of Transportation. Washington. July. Final Marine Geotechnical Site Characterization. Research Report 125-1. Austin. Washington D. 98-42-0054. 271-278. ______ (1993a). H. Vol. Designing. Soil Damping Constants Related to Common Soil Properties in Sands and Clays.. March 5. API Recommended Practice 2A-WSD (RP 2S-WSD). California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) (1995). A Program for the Analysis of Piles and Drilled Shafts Under Lateral Loads. Designing. ______ (1993b). Coyle. G.

" in Proceedings." Ground Engineering. 100% PS&E Submittal. Vol. November 17. I:\WP\2001\1998-0050\1998-0054\TEMPORARY TOWERS\4-RPT. R. pp. Very Dense Sand. (1972). Guidelines for Geotechnical Design Using PCPT and PCPTU." Quarterly Journal.P. Semple. (1982). 3rd International Conference on the Application of Stress Wave Theory to Piles. Tulane University.M.D. and Horizontal Stress in Clay and in Sand for Pile Drivability Analysis. Canada. (1960). B. (1988).P. C. Houston. (1979). Vol. and Ehlers. Vol. Stevens. "Notes on the Compressibility of Clays. (1981). Houston. "Practical Planning for Driving Offshore Pipe Piles. 100. New Orleans. No. and Rock. "Correlations for Design of Laterally Loaded Piles in Soft Clay. Vol.A. 120. and Campanella.W. The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project. 165-172. Vol.F. Geological Society. 86. "Pile Driving Analysis by the Wave Equation. New York. (1944). Displacement Velocity. Sullivan. pp. Vol. ASCE. "Relationships Between Wall Friction. 2nd Annual Offshore Technology Conference. and Gemeinhardt.J. Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division. 14th Annual Offshore Technology Conference. 4th Offshore Technology Conference. R. 1. Skyway Structures. 5 Project No." Proceedings. 199-235. P. Thesis. E.F.G. (1970)." Journal. Department of Civil Engineering. Wiltsie.MAR. OTC 1204.. "Pile Driving Analysis of Large-Diameter. prepared for California State Department of Transportation.J. J. R. 12. "Evaluating Pile Drivability for Hard Clay.A. (1988). 1. "The Effect of a Soil Plug on Pile Drivability in Clay. pp. E. Soil Mechanics Series No. pp. 1. 465-481. 861-868.L. Smith.. R. T. Robertson. (1979). "Stress History Approach to Analysis of Soil Resistance to Pile Driving. pp.H.. E. Texas.SFOBB Task Order No. 13th Annual Offshore Technology Conference. Skempton. Houston. R. Matlock. 55-56. Vancouver.A. The University of British Columbia. Ottawa. 1. High-Capacity Offshore Pipe Piles. H. pp. H. TY Lin/M&N (2000). and Turton." in Proceedings. pp." in Proceedings. Roussel. SM4. Texas. 35-61. Stevens. 805-822. 98-42-0054 Heerema.K." in Proceedings.C.DOC 29 . A. London." Ph.. Houston. Louisiana.

PLATES PLATES .

Meters 96-5 # Anticipated Temporary Major Contour (Interval = 5m) Tower Locations (Approximate) 98-6 # # 00C-19 . -1 20 0 20 Meters # # # 00 66+ # # $ E AM 1 -12. Cross Section Lines Bathymetric Elevations from Phase 1 and Pre-1998 Boring Locations Phase 3 Surveys. 5 Project No. NGVD 29.odb.5 m) Pier Locations # 0 -15 94-12 # 5 -1 -1 $ # 5.5 M 6 98-28 # -13.0 Minor Contour (Interval = 0. re. 0 48-89 # PIER) # # B' $ 48-88 # BE 647800 647800 Tower -12.0 .5 # 98-26 00C-30 94-11 # A' # # LEGEND Tower # # 6 00C-22# # 98-81 AE 0 0 + # 1 $ 0 0 5.0 -15 -15 0 +# 0 1998 Phase 1 Boring Locations # 00C-23 # San Francisco-Oakland 1998 Phase 2 Boring Locations # # 0 0 N6 Alignment 2000 Marine CPTs # # # 0 +# # 0 0 -1 # # E2 (EAST 0 0 + # 1 6 9 48-90 0 +0 63 # 98-27 00C-28 # # 6 0 # # 98-25 0 98-40 # -20. 98-42-0054 1836600 1836800 1837000 N # 98-9 -10 .5 N # S 00C-25 $ 00C-26 # 64 E3 # # # # # $ $ # 00C-29 $ # 5.0 2 SK -1 AY YW 0 1.0 .0 # # # # # 00C-27 # # # $ AW + # # # 98-19 2 # # Tower 6 0 +0 65 # 0 +0 63 # # $ $ # # 0 # # A 98-8 # # +0 B # # E4 # # # +# # 00 66+ # # # 98-50 BW 0 # +0 64 Tower # 0 # # # -14.2-8-01. # 98-7 Bay Bridge .5 IN # +0 65 A P A E5 # FR 00C-21 # 98-29 # 00C-24 648000 648000 # # # EXPLORATION AND CROSS SECTION LOCATION MAP # 1836600 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate1.CBD 1836800 1837000 Tower Locations A and B SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE 1 .0 $ -25.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No.

2-8-01.1m) EXPLORATION AND CROSS SECTION LOCATION MAP Tower Location C 1838600 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate2.5 . NGVD 29.5 m) Minor Contour (Interval = 0.9 -3.3 -1 Tower $ 00C-73 00C-72 $ E16 # # 648200 # # # 84+00 # # # # # 85+00 # # # # # # # # # CE' 00C-70 00C-68 00C-63 00C-59 # # # 00C-56 $ $ # # 00C-65 # # 83+00 86+00 # $ # 94-6 # 00C-67 # E23 E22 648200 81+00 # 80+00 # # # 82+00 # 00C-55 # # $ CE # # $ $ # E14 # 98-38 00C-69 $ $ E15 # # 00C-74 00C-71 94-1 00C-62 # # # # E19 E18 E17 $ $ # # # $ # 98-36 80+00 00C-58 # 98-37 # 81+00 # 00C-54 85+00 # # # # # # # # $ $ # 00C-53 # # 86+00 E20 $ 00C-61 # 82+00 # # # # 87+00 # E21 98-39 00C-66 $ # # # # # # CW # # # # $ $ 00C-64 $ 00C-57 84+00 # CW' 00C-60 98-44 -1 . Meters Pier Locations Major Contour (Interval = 5m) Minor Contour (Interval = 0.CBD 1838800 1839000 SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE 2 .5 648400 Meters -1. re. 98-42-0054 1838600 N 1838800 ND AKLA O 1839000 OACH PR E AP SHOR AY SKYW ME 4 -2.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No.7 CW $ 20 $ 0 648400 20 Tower CE # LEGEND 95-16 # .5 FRA -1. 5 Project No.odb.0 -5 95-17 # $ # 95-15 -5.0 # # N6 Alignment 2000 Marine CPTs San Francisco-Oakland 1998 Phase 2 Boring Locations Pre-1998 Boring Locations Bay Bridge Cross Section Lines Anticipated Temporary Bathymetric Elevations from Phase 1 and Tower Locations (Approximate) Phase 3 Surveys.

S. Sensitive Fine-grained 2 9 Sandy lean CLAY (CL) Soil Behavior Type 1 11 Sand to Clayey Sand * SC-SM 2 *overconsolidated or cemented 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Friction Ratio (%) Highly plastic ORGANICS (OH) SAND with clay (SP-SC) Low plasticity ORGANICS (OL) Clayey SAND (SC) SANDSTONE (Rx) Soil lithologic classifications based on the Robertson and Campanella (1988) soil behavior chart are sometimes inaccurate. 5 project No.S. CPT data from many of the stiff to hard clay layers of the Old Bay Mud/Upper Alameda Silty SAND (SM) SILTSTONE (Rx) Marine sediments plot in soil behavior zones that correspond to silts and are shown in green on the cross sections.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No. For example. 98-42-0054 CPT SOUNDING WITH UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH % %C C%CC% % %% % %C%% % O % % $ SOIL BORING LITHOLOGY WITH / / / / / / Water Level $ % ² O % % $ " $" " $ " $ ² O % %% ² O % % ² % O % $ Soil Type CPT Tip Estimated Range of Undrained Shear ² % O % " $ $ $ Strength Interpreted " $ ² % O % " from CPT Data " (Nk = 12-15) ² $ O % ² % Resistance Estimated Range $ ² O % $ (Colors) of Undrained Shear $ " Soil Type $ " $" Strength Interpreted O % ² % from CPT Data ² O % (Nk = 12-15) CPT Tip Symbols Represent $ $ " Resistance O % ² Undrained Shear $ Strength Measured in Laboratory $ $ O % Tests and In Situ Vane Shear Tests 30 20 10 0 Tip Resistance (MPa) 0 200 2 400 4 " ² $ 30 600 6 20 10 0 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 200 400 600 Shear Strength (kPa) KEY TO SOIL LITHOLOGY: CPT CORRELATION CHART Well graded GRAVEL (GW) Fat CLAY(CH) Poorly graded GRAVEL (GP) Sandy fat CLAY (CH) GRAVEL with sand (GP or GW) Lean CLAY (CL) (Robertson and Campanella. 1988) 00 GRAVEL with clay (GP or GW) 12 10 Zone Clayey GRAVEL (GC) GRAVEL with silt (GP or GW) Silty GRAVEL (GM) Well graded SAND (SW) Poorly graded SAND (SP) SAND with gravel (SP or SW) Clayey silt (ML/CL) SW-SP Gravelly Sand to Sand SW-GW 11 Very Stiff Fine-grained * CH-CL 12 1 SM-SP Sand 10 Sandy SILT (ML) SM-ML Sand to Silty Sand 9 SILT (ML) ML-MH Silty Sand to Sandy Silt 8 3 MH-CL Sandy Silt to Clayey Silt 7 4 CL-CH Clayey Silt to Silty Clay 6 5 Elastic SILT (MH) CH Silty Clay to Clay 5 6 00 OL-OH Clay 4 7 Silty CLAY (CL-ML) OL-CH Organic Material 3 8 U.odb PLATE 3 .C. SAND with silt (SP-SM) KEY TO BORING LOGS AND CPT SOUNDINGS ON CROSS SECTIONS SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate3.

3) Lithology for pre-1998 borings are in some instances modified from Modifications $ C C % O ² 1) Stratigraphic contacts are approximate and are interpreted from were based on subsequent laboratory test results and 0 0 100 200 300 Shear Strength (kPa) SHEAR STRENGTH SYMBOLS GENERAL NOTES: those shown on the Caltrans Log of Test Boring sheets.odb. 5 Tower AE 5 m. PLATE 4 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate4. and seismic reflection survey data. West 98-26 Tower AW A 4 m. West 00C-30 24 m. 10 Tip Resistance (MPa) / + \ Unconsolidated Undrained (UU) Unconfined Compression (UC) Pocket Penetrometer (PP) Torvane (TV) Miniature Vane (MV) Remote Vane (RV) Strength Exceeds Capacity KEY TO GEOLOGIC UNITS YBM MPSA Young Bay Mud Merritt-Posey-San Antonio Formations OBM Old Bay Mud UAM Upper Alameda Marine SUBSURFACE CROSS SECTION A-A' With Undrained Shear Strength SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project of Measuring Device extrapolation from adjacent 1998 borings. 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) AND CLAY -70 20 10 0 100 200 -70 300 20 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 5m 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 20 5m CPT soundings. West 00C-27 2 m. 98-42-0054 A' N32W S32E 0 0 # CCC O %O C%% %C%C%%% % %% % % % C%C C %%C % % % $ VERY SOFT YBM $ % %% O O % ² DENSE SAND + -30 % " -30 " $" ² ² % MPSA % Elevation (meters) -20 $ TO FIRM CLAY Elevation (meters) $ / / / / / / / / / / / / -20 -10 $ -10 %% -40 OBM $ " OO %% ² %% VERY STIFF -40 VERY STIFF CLAY CLAY % $ -50 -50 ² ² ² ² %% "" " " UAM % ² ² " " -60 % -60 INTERLAYERED 20 10 0 100 200 SAND.2-8-01 CBD . 2) Refer to Key to Cross Sections for descriptions of boring and CPT data shown above. borings. Conditions vary both along and perpendicular to the section line. East 00C-26 Project No. SILT.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No.

were based on subsequent laboratory test results and Modifications $ C C % O ² GENERAL NOTES: / + \ Unconsolidated Undrained (UU) Unconfined Compression (UC) Pocket Penetrometer (PP) Torvane (TV) Miniature Vane (MV) Remote Vane (RV) Strength Exceeds Capacity KEY TO GEOLOGIC UNITS YBM MPSA Young Bay Mud Merritt-Posey-San Antonio Formations OBM Old Bay Mud UAM Upper Alameda Marine SUBSURFACE CROSS SECTION B-B' With Undrained Shear Strength SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project of Measuring Device extrapolation from adjacent 1998 borings. SILT. 2) Refer to Key to Cross Sections for descriptions of boring and CPT data shown above. 98-42-0054 STIFF TO -40 $ VERY STIFF O %% OBM CLAY ² O %%² " $" -50 -50 20 10 0 0 Tip Resistance (MPa) UAM -60 100 200 300 Shear Strength (kPa) 20 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) INTERLAYERED SAND. East 00C-28 Tower BE B' S31E N31W 0 % C %C%C%CCC% C %%C %%C% %%% %% %% O % O O% C O O O %O O O O%O %%% % %% %% %%% %C%% C % / / / / / / / / / / $ $ $ $ -20 VERY SOFT TO FIRM CLAY / / YBM $ Elevation (meters) $ # $ -10 DENSE TO VERY DENSE SAND -30 MPSA $ O % ² " % % Elevation (meters) 7 m. and seismic reflection survey data. East Tower BW $ 0 98-19 B 8 m. East 00C-25 Project No.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No. AND CLAY -70 20 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 5m 20 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 5m SHEAR STRENGTH SYMBOLS 1) Stratigraphic contacts are approximate and are interpreted from CPT soundings. PLATE 5 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate5.CBD . 3) Lithology for pre-1998 borings are in some instances modified from those shown on the Caltrans Log of Test Boring sheets. Conditions vary both along and perpendicular to the section line.2-8-01. East 00C-29 8 m. 5 5 m. borings.odb.

and seismic reflection survey data. South 00C-68 3 m. borings. North 00C-69 13 m. North S82W $ Tower CE $ CE $ 98-38 Project No. 5 8 m.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No. North 00C-62 6 m.CBD .2-8-01. South 00C-63 11 m. were based on subsequent laboratory test results and 200 300 SHEAR STRENGTH SYMBOLS GENERAL NOTES: 5m 100 Shear Strength (kPa) Shear Strength (kPa) Modifications $ C C % O ² 20 Tip Resistance (MPa) / + \ Unconsolidated Undrained (UU) Unconfined Compression (UC) Pocket Penetrometer (PP) Torvane (TV) Miniature Vane (MV) Remote Vane (RV) Strength Exceeds Capacity of Measuring Device KEY TO GEOLOGIC UNITS YBM MPSA Young Bay Mud Merritt-Posey-San Antonio Formations OBM Old Bay Mud UAM Upper Alameda Marine SUBSURFACE CROSS SECTION CE-CE' With Undrained Shear Strength SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project extrapolation from adjacent 1998 borings. North CE' N82E 0 O % O % VERY DENSE $ YBM SAND TO FIRM SAND -10 O % VERY SOFT DENSE TO VERY DENSE O % O % % %C%% % CC C % C% C %O % % % % % % C% %O O $ CLAY / O % / # O % $ / / / / / // -10 $ # $ 0 O % 94-1 0 m. North 00C-65 7 m. 2) Refer to Key to Cross Sections for descriptions of boring and 5m CPT data shown above. 98-42-0054 OO %%% O ²² O % " " " " -20 ² O % $ ² MPSA " ² ² " " ² % C ² % C STIFF TO HARD " $ $ " + 100 200 300 ² " O % ² 0 " ² Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) + " O % ² % % 10 HARD CLAY O % ² " 20 -30 STIFF TO O % ² ² " CLAY % -30 Elevation (meters) ² " " " %% / / O %O %% Elevation (meters) O % ² O % ² -20 ² " 20 10 0 100 200 -40 " ² "" 300 " " " " OBM Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) ² O % O % $ ² % ² -40 20 20 10 0 100 200 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 300 ² O % Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) ² O % ² % ² ² O % "" 20 ² O % " " " + -50 + ² % $ " " ² " ² -50 ² " " ² ² ² % 20 10 0 100 200 300 Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) ² " " " ²² -60 " UAM ² -60 ² " + ² ² % " " -70 -70 ² " ² " 10 0 0 100 200 0 300 1) Stratigraphic contacts are approximate and are interpreted from CPT soundings. 3) Lithology for pre-1998 borings are in some instances modified from those shown on the Caltrans Log of Test Boring sheets. Conditions vary both along and perpendicular to the section line.odb. PLATE 6 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate6. South 00C-67 9 m.

South 00C-61 CW 11 m. South 98-39 Tower CW 14 m. 3) Lithology for pre-1998 borings are in some instances modified from Modifications were made based on subsequent laboratory test results and $ C C % O ² 1) Stratigraphic contacts are approximate and are interpreted from those shown on the Caltrans Log of Test Boring sheets. 98-42-0054 CW' S83W # / / / / $ $ $ YBM DENSE SAND VERY SOFT / $ $ MEDIUM -10 0 C %% %% O O O % % %C % % % %% % % % C % C $ 0 N83E -10 DENSE TO VERY TO FIRM DENSE SAND CLAY " ² %% O MPSA -20 $ + % ² " 20 10 0 100 200 10 0 100 200 300 $ " Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) 300 -30 % 20 -30 O % ² 10 0 100 200 Shear Strength (kPa) 300 STIFF TO Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) HARD CLAY % 20 O % STIFF TO HARD O % ² %² ""+ CLAY / + -40 % C $ + % OBM $" O % ² O %% " " ² -40 ² Elevation (meters) O %% O %% $ Elevation (meters) -20 -50 -50 ² % O % O %² " $" 20 10 0 100 200 300 "" " " + + " ²² ² ² %%² Tip Resistance (MPa) Shear Strength (kPa) -60 -60 ²² ² ² ² " "" " " UAM ² ²² ² % ² """ " " -70 -70 ² ²² ² ² " """ " 20 10 0 Tip Resistance (MPa) CPT soundings.CBD . 100 200 300 Shear Strength (kPa) SHEAR STRENGTH SYMBOLS GENERAL NOTES: 5m 0 / + \ Unconsolidated Undrained (UU) Unconfined Compression (UC) Pocket Penetrometer (PP) Torvane (TV) Miniature Vane (MV) Remote Vane (RV) KEY TO GEOLOGIC UNITS YBM MPSA Young Bay Mud Merritt-Posey-San Antonio Formations OBM Old Bay Mud UAM With Undrained Shear Strength Upper Alameda Marine Strength Exceeds Capacity of Measuring Device SUBSURFACE CROSS SECTION CW-CW' SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project extrapolation from adjacent 1998 borings.2-8-01. PLATE 7 j:\caltrans\reports\sywaytemptower\odb\plate7.odb. South 00C-64 13 m. North 00C-60 Project No. Conditions vary both along and perpendicular to the section line. and seismic reflection survey data.Earth Mechanics SFOBB Task Order No. 5 6 m. 5m 2) Refer to Key to Cross Sections for descriptions of boring and CPT data shown above. borings. South 00C-66 0 m.

APPENDIX A APPENDIX A STATIC AXIAL PILE CAPACITY ANALYSIS .

dark olive gray 8 -24 $ $ -24 II 16 -silty sand.5 5 7.5m) Lean CLAY (CL).5 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. very stiff to hard.41.MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12.5m) Fat CLAY (CH).7m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. very stiff. very soft to soft.2m 59. greenish gray -32 SA $ $ -32 III 24 24 -40 $ $ -40 (31. Project No. below 16. firm. -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW. Pier E2 to E3 0. greenish gray 40 V OBM/UAM 40 -56 $ $ -56 (45. greenish gray VI 48 48 (48.5 10 12.2m to 37.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-A. very stiff to hard. 57. 51.5 10 12. greenish gray -64 $ $ -64 -sand with clay layers.6m location-specific subsurface exploration.7m VII Dashed line represents equivalent 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring -dense sandy silt with sand andbe refined to reflect to 98-26 and should clay seams and layers. 5 Fat CLAY (CH).5m to 52. very stiff.and 0.5m (38.1 . (m) Coordinates: E1836725 STRATUM NO.2m) 8 Fat CLAY (CH).5 5 7. very stiff. greenish gray 32 32 IV -48 $ $ -48 -sand layer. NAD83.5 15 17. 56 unit end bearing available from frictional resistance of the soil plug inside the pile. olive gray -16 $ $ -16 YBM I (8.5 ELEV.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.0m 16 (16.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). 37. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV. (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N647813 CA State Plane Zone 3.4m) Fat CLAY (CH).

5 10 12.7m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2.5m to 52.2m to completion 59.1m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 10 12. olive gray -16 $ $ -16 YBM I (8. NAD83. firm.and 0. Pier E2 to E3 0. (m) Coordinates: E1836725 DEPTH (m) EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN Task Order No. greenish gray -64 $ $ -64 -sand with clay layers. very soft to soft.2m to 37. 51. below 16.41.5 ELEV. Meters UNIT STRATUM NO.5 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. greenish gray VI 48 48 (48. greenish gray 40 V OBM/UAM 40 -56 $ $ -56 (45.5m) Lean CLAY (CL). very stiff to hard. SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV. -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW. dark olive gray 8 -24 $ $ -24 II 16 -silty sand.2 . very stiff. very stiff.6m of location-specific subsurface exploration.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-A. 37. very stiff to hard.2m) 8 Fat CLAY (CH). 57. very stiff.5m) Fat CLAY (CH).MATERIAL DESCRIPTION MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12.0m 16 (16.5m (38.1m) Fat CLAY (CH).7m VII 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 56 98-26 and should be refined to reflect -dense sandy silt with sand and clay seams and layers. greenish gray 32 32 IV -48 $ $ -48 -sand layer. 5 Project No.5 15 17.5 5 7.5 5 7. greenish gray -32 SA $ $ -32 III 24 24 -40 $ $ -40 (31. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE SFOBB Fat CLAY (CH).4m) Fat CLAY (CH). (m) N647813 CA State Plane Zone 3.

Pier E2 to E3 0.5 5 7.5 5 7.4m) Fat CLAY (CH). below 16.5 10 12.5m) Fat CLAY (CH).2m to 37.5m (38. very stiff to hard. 57.5 10 12. firm. greenish gray VI 48 48 (48. greenish gray 32 32 IV -48 $ $ -48 -sand layer.5 15 17.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-A. NAD83.3 . very stiff.7m VII 56 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring -dense sandy silt with sand andbe refined to reflect to 98-26 and should clay seams and layers. dark olive gray 8 -24 $ $ -24 II 16 -silty sand.5 Project No. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE SFOBB Fat CLAY (CH).0m 16 (16.MATERIAL DESCRIPTION MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12. very soft to soft.5m) Lean CLAY (CL).1m) Fat CLAY (CH). very stiff.7m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2.5 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2.6m location-specific subsurface exploration. Meters UNIT STRATUM NO. (m) Coordinates: E1836725 DEPTH (m) EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN Task Order No. -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.5m to 52. 37. greenish gray 40 V OBM/UAM 40 -56 $ $ -56 (45.5 ELEV.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV. (m) N647813 CA State Plane Zone 3. very stiff. olive gray -16 $ $ -16 YBM I (8. greenish gray -32 SA $ $ -32 III 24 24 -40 $ $ -40 (31.2m 59. very stiff to hard. 51. greenish gray -64 $ $ -64 -sand with clay layers.2m) 8 Fat CLAY (CH).

N =50. olive gray 24 24 -40 IV OBM/UAM $ $ -40 32 32 -48 $ $ -48 (37. firm. very dense. NAD83. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.41.5m) Lean CLAY (CH). very soft to soft. d=25 . dark gray -16 $ $ -16 I (6. 57. very stiff. d=35 .5 5 7. dark gray 8 YBM 8 II -24 $ $ -24 (15. dense. gray 48 48 o VI o f=30 .4 kPa (Clay End Bearing) Clay Profile -64 $ $ -64 (51. Pier E2 to E3 0.1 .61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-B.9m) Fat CLAY (CH).and 0. and SAND (SP).5m) Fat CLAY (CH). fmax =81.9m) Interlayered CLAY (CL). f max =114. -sand with clay layers. 18. hard.0. gray 40 40 V -56 $ $ -56 (46. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV.5 5 7. gray Subsurface profile is based on Borings Dashed line represents equivalent 98-19 and 98-27 and should be refined 56 to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. VII unit end bearing available from 56 frictional resistance of the soil plug inside the pile. qmax =11970 kPa q $ $ -32 Silty fine SAND (SM).5 ELEV.5 10 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 12.9 kPa. very stiff. Project No.8m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. 19. gray to dark gray MPSA 16 (22. (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N647873 CA State Plane Zone 3.6m to 58.5 15 17.2m to 19. 5 YBM Fat CLAY (CH).MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12. (m) Coordinates: E1836782 STRATUM NO. very stiff.2m) 16 III -with a clay layer.5 10 12.5m -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW.7m) Fat CLAY (CH).5m o o -32 f=40 .7m to 19.1m -with a clay layer.5 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 2 4 6 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 8 2.

and SAND (SP). 18. gray 48 48 o VI o f=30 . gray to dark gray MPSA 16 (22. Project No.5m -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. olive gray 24 24 -40 IV OBM/UAM $ $ -40 32 32 -48 $ $ -48 (37. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. gray 40 40 V -56 $ $ -56 (46. very stiff. qmax =11970 kPa q $ $ -32 Silty fine SAND (SM). (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N647873 CA State Plane Zone 3. fmax =81. Pier E2 to E3 0. 57. very soft to soft. dense. d=25 .and 0. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV.5 15 17.2m to 19. 19.5 5 7.5m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 10 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 12. very stiff. very dense.9 kPa. firm.MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12.4 kPa (Clay End Bearing) Clay Profile -64 $ $ -64 (51.5 5 7.5m) Lean CLAY (CH).5 10 12. N =50. f max =114.9m) Fat CLAY (CH). dark gray 8 YBM 8 II -24 $ $ -24 (15.1m -with a clay layer.6m to 58.2m) 16 III -with a clay layer.41. d=35 . 5 YBM Fat CLAY (CH). NAD83.2 .5m o o -32 f=40 .7m) Fat CLAY (CH). hard.7m to 19.9m) Interlayered CLAY (CL). very stiff. (m) Coordinates: E1836782 STRATUM NO.0.5 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 2 4 6 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 8 2.5 ELEV.8m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. -sand with clay layers. dark gray -16 $ $ -16 I (6. gray Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27 and should be refined 56 to reflect location-specific subsurface VII 56 exploration.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-B.

5 YBM Fat CLAY (CH). very stiff. dark gray -16 $ $ -16 I (6.5 5 7.2m to 19.8m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. Project No. Pier E2 to E3 0.MUDLINE ELEVATION: -12.5 10 12.5 15 17.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-B.2m) 16 III -with a clay layer.0. gray Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27 and should be refined 56 to reflect location-specific subsurface VII 56 exploration. firm. dense. very stiff. fmax =81.5m -72 $ $ -72 PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. gray 48 48 o VI o f=30 . d=25 . 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.7m) Fat CLAY (CH). olive gray 24 24 -40 IV OBM/UAM $ $ -40 32 32 -48 $ $ -48 (37.7m to 19.1m -with a clay layer.3 . very soft to soft.5 10 12. 19. very stiff. and SAND (SP). -sand with clay layers. gray 40 40 V -56 $ $ -56 (46.5 5 7. very dense. (m) Coordinates: E1836782 STRATUM NO.9m) Interlayered CLAY (CL). hard.5m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 ELEV.4 kPa (Clay End Bearing) Clay Profile -64 $ $ -64 (51.5 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. fmax =81. gray to dark gray MPSA 16 (22. 57. NAD83.6m to 58. d=25 . qmax =4788 kPa q $ $ -32 Silty fine SAND (SM). N =20.5m) Lean CLAY (CH). Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV.9m) Fat CLAY (CH). dark gray 8 YBM 8 II -24 $ $ -24 (15.4 kPa. 18.5m o o -32 f=30 . (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N647873 CA State Plane Zone 3.

very stiff to hard.7m) Fat CLAY (CH).6m to 33.and 0.9 kPa. very soft.0.3m to 46. qmax =11970 kPa q MPSA $ -16 $ (13. 10.5 10 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 12. (m) Coordinates: E1838812 STRATUM NO.3m) VIII 40 -40 $ $ -40 OBM/UAM Fat CLAY (CH). olive gray $ -8 $ -8 II 8 8 (8.5 10 12. PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. very stiff.3m) Fat CLAY (CH). very stiff to hard.MUDLINE ELEVATION: -2. dark gray I YBM (3.7m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 5 7. f max =114. d=35 . olive gray 40 (41. very stiff to hard.4m (50. 5 Fat CLAY (CH). Project No. greenish gray -16 o III -yellowish brown sand with silt.5 ELEV.5m 48 48 -silt layer. olive gray -48 $ $ -48 IX -sand layer. frictional resistance of the soil plug 56 inside the pile. 34.6m (36. (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N648275 CA State Plane Zone 3.9m) -24 $ $ -24 Fat CLAY (CH). gray -56 $ $ -56 X 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring Dashed line represents equivalent 98-39 and should be refined to reflect unit end bearing available from location-specific subsurface exploration. N =50.2m VII -silt layer. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 32. very stiff to hard.0m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2.8m) Silty Fine SAND (SM). greenish gray V (21.3m to 34.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-C.5 5 7.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). NAD83. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV. very stiff to hard.5 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. greenish gray 24 24 VI -32 $ $ -32 (31. greenish gray 32 32 -silt with clay seams. 46. very stiff to hard. greenish gray o f=40 .41.1m to 50.1 .1m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 15 17.3m IV 16 16 (17.7m to 11. 50. Pier E16 to E17 0.9m) Fat CLAY (CH). soft to firm. very dense.

dark gray I YBM (3. greenish gray 32 32 -silt with clay seams. f max =114.7m) Fat CLAY (CH). NAD83. very stiff to hard.3m) VIII 40 -40 $ $ -40 OBM/UAM Fat CLAY (CH).3m IV 16 16 (17. Pier E16 to E17 0. greenish gray V (21.3m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 10 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 12. PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.5 15 17.5 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N648275 CA State Plane Zone 3. 34.3m to 34. d=35 . olive gray -48 $ $ -48 IX -sand layer.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). 46. greenish gray 24 24 VI -32 $ $ -32 (31. very soft. very stiff to hard.and 0. soft to firm. qmax =11970 kPa q MPSA $ -16 $ (13.5 5 7.9m) Fat CLAY (CH). very dense. 50.5m 48 48 -silt layer. greenish gray -16 o III -yellowish brown sand with silt.7m) Fat CLAY (CH). Project No.MUDLINE ELEVATION: -2.9m) -24 $ $ -24 Fat CLAY (CH). (m) Coordinates: E1838812 STRATUM NO.8m) Silty Fine SAND (SM).7m to 11.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-C. 10. very stiff to hard.1m to 50.0. 5 Fat CLAY (CH).4m (50.5 10 12.6m to 33. gray -56 $ $ -56 X 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 56 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. N =50.2 .9 kPa.2m VII -silt layer.41. olive gray 40 (41. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.3m to 46. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV.5 ELEV.1m) Fat CLAY (CH).5 5 7. very stiff to hard. greenish gray o f=40 . olive gray $ -8 $ -8 II 8 8 (8.0m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. very stiff. very stiff to hard. very stiff to hard.6m (36. 32.

5 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 UNIT SKIN FRICTION (kPa) 40 80 120 160 200 UNIT END BEARING (MPa) 240 280 1 2 3 ULTIMATE AXIAL CAPACITY (MN) 4 2. very stiff to hard. PRELIMINARY AXIAL PILE DESIGN PARAMETERS AND EXAMPLE RESULTS Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.5 10 12. 5 Fat CLAY (CH).5 10 SOIL UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH (kPa) 12.7m) Fat CLAY (CH).3m to 34.3 .5 15 17. very stiff to hard.6m (36. greenish gray 32 32 -silt with clay seams. very stiff.5m 48 48 -silt layer.3m) VIII 40 -40 $ $ -40 OBM/UAM Fat CLAY (CH).2m VII -silt layer.6m to 33. Project No. 32. greenish gray 24 24 VI -32 $ $ -32 (31. very stiff to hard. gray -56 $ $ -56 X 56 56 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. (m) MATERIAL DESCRIPTION DEPTH (m) N648275 CA State Plane Zone 3. 50. f max =114.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE A1-C. d=35 . qmax =11970 kPa q MPSA $ -16 $ (13.9m) Fat CLAY (CH). olive gray -48 $ $ -48 IX -sand layer.3m) Fat CLAY (CH). very dense. very stiff to hard.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). olive gray $ -8 $ -8 II 8 8 (8.7m) Fat CLAY (CH). (m) Coordinates: E1838812 STRATUM NO. greenish gray o f=40 . NAD83.3m to 46. Meters UNIT SOIL TYPE DEPTH (m) ELEV. N =50. 98-42-0054 SOIL TYPE EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.5 5 7.3m IV 16 16 (17. olive gray 40 (41. greenish gray -16 o III -yellowish brown sand with silt.1m to 50.4m (50.8m) Silty Fine SAND (SM).MUDLINE ELEVATION: -2.5 5 7.7m to 11. soft to firm.9m) -24 $ $ -24 Fat CLAY (CH). 10.0m (MSL) 3 SUBMERGED UNIT WEIGHT (kN/m ) 2. very stiff to hard.5 ELEV.9 kPa. 46. Pier E16 to E17 0.0. 34.1m) Fat CLAY (CH). greenish gray V (21. very soft. very stiff to hard. dark gray I YBM (3.

APPENDIX B APPENDIX B LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION ANALYSIS .

0 131.0 551.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.8 30.6 10. 4.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.5 Soil Type Clay yc.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.2 69. kN/m Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay 4.4 Clay (Matlock.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.0 157.1.2 1.4 16.007 0.2 130.4 0. Mudline elevation = -12.41-Meter-Diameter Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B1-A.2 8.010 0. kN/m yu.020 0. b) 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Depth (m) 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.0 508.1 .5 33.020 0.010 0.0 368.020 0.020 0.5 Project No.020 0.2 16.020 0.2 1 0. m pu.007 Notes: 1. For depths greater than 30. m 0.5 3. 1993 a.7 7. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0.007 0.3 9.7 9.020 0.2 8.5 1.5 m below seafloor. 1970) 0.020 0. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1.0 0.6 0.2 Sand (API.8 1. use last values shown.8 16.7m (MSL) 2. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided.5 19.8 14.8 71.6 16.010 0. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.010 0.0 Sand pn. 0.xls PLATE B1-A.

4 22.8 16.7m (MSL) 2.5 1.2 1 0.031 0.5 19.8 30.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.2 1.5 Soil Type Clay pu.031 0.3 22. m Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay 7.011 0.5 1.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.031 0.2 8.015 0.2 25.4 Clay (Matlock.61-Meter-Diameter Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B1-A. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW. 1970) 0.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.011 Notes: 1.8 4.031 0. m 0. 4.7 9. Mudline elevation = -12. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided.8 8.011 0.5 m below seafloor.3 68.031 0.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.015 0. kN/m yu. Pier E2 to E3 0.01 13.3 9. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1.0 19.6 0. 5 Project No.2 . 1993 a. use last values shown. b) 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Depth (m) 0.2.031 0. 0.015 0.4 16.015 0. For depths greater than 30. kN/m yc.xls PLATE B1-A.7 105 107 196 187 236 640 553 827 Sand pn.031 0.031 0.2 Sand (API.6 1.0 0.

4 0.009 0. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1. use last values shown.4 16.4 Clay (Matlock.8 30.018 0. 0.7 9. 1993 a.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.018 0.3 .7 1.0 Sand pn.3 9.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.4 114.3.1 15.7 15. 4.009 0.018 0.xls PLATE B1-A. m 0.0 11.0 0.018 0.0 323.018 0.018 0.5 m below seafloor.2 62.006 Notes: 1.6 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B1-A.1 1. Mudline elevation = -12.006 0.018 0.0 115.009 0.0 483.5 1.8 16.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. m 4.0 459.1 6.2 8.7m (MSL) 2.018 0.006 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.5 Soil Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay pu. kN/m yc. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided. For depths greater than 30. 1970) Sand (API.5 2.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.5 27. 5 Project No. b) 0.5 9. kN/m yu.5 19.8 8.0 138.5 61.2 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Depth (m) 0.2 1 0.009 0.

8 8.6 86.7 17.005 0.007 0.1 8. 4. 1993 a. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1. m 0.xls PLATE B1-C. For depths greater than 30.007 0.7 30.012 0.4 0.010 344.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.2 3.2 Sand (API. Mudline elevation = -2.0 1300.0 461.5 Soil Type Clay pu. b) 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Depth (m) 0.020 0.8 52.0 871.3 86.8 8.6 105.007 0.0 Sand pn.1 .020 0.0 280.5 3.3 16. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. 1970) 0. m Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay 5.010 0.007 Notes: 1.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.1 6.2 1 0.0 0. kN/m yc.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.41-Meter-Diameter Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B1-C. use last values shown.6 0.9 12.0 349.020 0.020 0.020 0. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided.5 m below seafloor.6 3.1. 0.7 6.3 17. kN/m yu.020 0.020 0.0 0.0m (MSL) 2.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.020 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.9 13.0 41.8 1.2 13. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0.4 Clay (Matlock.0 41.5 Project No.

031 0. 1970) 0.0m (MSL) 2.011 0.xls PLATE B1-C. kN/m yc.0 Sand pn.2 Sand (API.0 1310.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.8 8.6 0. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided. Mudline elevation = -2.9 13.5 6.031 0.0 525.031 0.5 m below seafloor.2 1 0. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0.011 Notes: 1.7 30.4 Clay (Matlock.0 693.015 417. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1. Pier E16 to E17 0.011 0.031 0. kN/m yu.4 55.0 1810.5 Soil Type Clay pu.031 0. use last values shown. For depths greater than 30.7 17.0 21.0 0. b) 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Depth (m) 0.8 15.0 157.2 .0 111. 4.1 6.0 117. 5 Project No. 1993 a.011 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.1 103. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. m 0.031 0.3 17.2.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.2 1.2 13.031 0.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.8 29.1 8.61-Meter-Diameter Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B1-C. m Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay 8.006 0.6 3.017 0.6 1.031 0.0 421.3 0.8 3.6 66. 0.015 0.7 5.

4 36.006 Notes: 1.018 0.006 0.2 13.018 0.5 2 3 Soil Type 4 5 6 y/yc for Clay or y/yu for Sand Clay pu.018 0.0 764.0 306. 1993 a.6 0.006 0.2 Sand (API. Mudline elevation = -2.7 1.7 30.3 33.0 405.6 3.006 0.4 Clay (Matlock. EXAMPLE LATERAL LOAD-DEFLECTION (p-y) CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.0 246.009 325.0 1130.1 6.018 0. m 0. m Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay 5. For depths greater than 30.3 17.9 for static loading k = initial modulus of subgrade reaction 3.xls PLATE B1-C.0m (MSL) 2. 1970) 0.6 10.004 0.1 8.018 0.018 0.1 3.6 75. kN/m yu. use last values shown. Interpolate p-y values for depths other than those provided.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B1-C.0 8 0.7 6.9 91.7 17. b) 0 0 1 Depth (m) 0. kN/m yc.9 7 9 10 Sand pn.018 0.3 13. 5 Project No. The normalized curve for sand above is based on: pn = A x pu and yu= (3 x pn)/(k x Depth) where: A = (3-0.8 8.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.6 48. 0.1 7.010 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.0 0.2 75.2 1 0.018 0.3 .009 0. 98-42-0054 p/pu for Clay or p/pn for Sand 1. 4.8 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.8 x (Depth/Pile Width))>=0.5 m below seafloor.9 13.4 0.1 3.3.

4 1.664 819 300 0.276 1155 1.0 1.083 17 40 66 94 123 204 291 480 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.001 0.026 0.042 0.xls PLATE B2-A.003 0. 5 Project No.8 1.4 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.011 0.6 0.1 .105 0.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B2-A.171 0.005 0.022 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.363 18 42 70 100 132 217 310 533 200 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.036 0.6 1.052 0.0 0.003 0.1. Pier E2 to E3 0.009 0.622 1533 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) 150 Maximum Moment (Free Head) 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment. 50 0 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.013 0.135 685 0.

0 0.003 0.6 1.123 19 46 76 109 144 239 342 565 200 0.xls PLATE B2-A.004 0.8 1. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) 150 Maximum Moment (Free Head) 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.4 0.4 1.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B2-A.002 0.092 1216 0. 50 0 0.391 1355 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.030 18 43 72 102 135 222 317 521 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.063 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. Pier E2 to E3 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection.048 742 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.015 0.039 0.6 0.009 0.0 1.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.000 0.019 0.001 0.2 .008 0.2.005 0.001 0. 5 Project No.013 0.198 807 300 0.

5 Project No. 50 0 0.003 0.579 814 300 0.321 18 42 70 100 133 219 312 532 200 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.245 1159 1.6 1.122 693 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.8 1.002 0.0 1.xls PLATE B2-A.075 17 40 66 95 125 206 294 486 0.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B2-A.008 0.4 0.094 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.6 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.012 0.038 0.032 0.4 1.0 0.005 0. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) 150 Maximum Moment (Free Head) 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.020 0.3. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.3 .001 0.154 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.010 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection.405 1523 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.047 0.023 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.

271 1416 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.001 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.027 0.000 0.0 1.007 0.4.4 0.044 0.6 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.6 1.034 781 0.0 0.4 .003 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B2-A.065 1281 0.014 0.001 0.003 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection. 5 Project No.011 0.006 0. 50 0 0.002 0.009 0.001 0. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) 150 Maximum Moment (Free Head) 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.4 1.8 1.021 19 46 76 108 142 234 334 550 0.087 20 49 81 116 153 252 360 596 200 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.xls PLATE B2-A.140 853 300 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.

5. 50 0 0.229 657 1.005 0.0 0. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) 150 Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.167 0.067 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.035 0.6 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.697 16 39 65 92 122 201 296 547 200 0.287 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head. 5 Project No.083 0.8 1.001 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.057 0.5 .017 0.564 1618 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.009 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere2-e3\lpile\98-26\Plate B2-A.xls PLATE B2-A.004 0.4 0.6 1.4 1.2 Pile-Head Deflection.540 1170 3.041 0.014 0.020 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.363 858 300 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.0 1.135 16 37 61 87 115 191 272 450 0.

Pier E16 to E17 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.032 0.259 17 40 67 95 126 209 298 496 200 0.007 0.xls PLATE B2-C.010 0.029 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.437 736 300 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.001 0. 5 Project No.002 0.1 .009 0.8 1.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.081 0. 50 0 0.020 0.061 16 37 62 88 115 190 269 441 0.018 0.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B2-C.004 0.184 1023 0.131 0.6 1.003 0.942 1327 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.0 1. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head. kN 250 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 200 150 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.1.042 0.098 626 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.6 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection.

049 0.xls PLATE B2-C. kN 250 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 200 150 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.0 0. 5 Project No.001 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.0 1.023 17 41 67 96 126 208 295 483 0.8 1.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.4 1.150 772 300 0.002 0.067 1112 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.4 0. 50 0 0.2 .6 0.001 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.003 0.012 0.007 0.036 684 0.6 1.2 Pile-Head Deflection.031 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B2-C.096 18 44 73 104 137 228 325 538 200 0.2.016 0.007 0.011 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.000 0.004 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.003 0.277 1288 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.

xls PLATE B2-C.018 0.002 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.038 0.008 0.009 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.391 741 300 0.056 0.119 0.6 1.001 0.074 0.8 1.6 0. 50 0 0.0 0.004 0.4 1. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.016 0. 5 Project No.235 17 41 68 97 128 212 303 502 200 0.006 0.3 .026 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.167 1037 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.0 1.828 1328 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.029 0. kN 250 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 200 150 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.089 636 0.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B2-C.3.4 0.003 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.2 Pile-Head Deflection. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 16 38 63 89 117 193 274 448 1.

4.6 0.191 1367 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B2-C.005 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.035 0.0 0.046 1169 0.6 1.022 0.000 0.067 19 46 77 111 146 242 345 572 200 0. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.002 0.0 1.025 721 0.008 0.002 0. kN 250 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 200 150 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 5 Project No.001 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.011 0.001 0.4 1.2 Pile-Head Deflection. 50 0 0.8 1.016 18 43 71 102 134 220 312 510 0.003 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.005 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.008 0.4 0.4 .xls PLATE B2-C. Pier E16 to E17 0. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.001 0.105 820 300 0.

Pier E16 to E17 0.001 0.340 1013 2.052 0.6 1. 5 Project No.101 15 35 58 83 109 179 254 417 0.011 0.012 1389 EXAMPLE LATERAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.0 1.0 0.029 0.4 0. 98-42-0054 Maximum Moment.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project j:\caltrans\falsework\skyway\piere16-e17\lpile\Plate B2-C.004 0.470 16 37 62 90 118 196 283 499 200 0. kN 250 200 Deflection (Fixed Head) Deflection (Free Head) Maximum Moment (Fixed Head) Maximum Moment (Free Head) 150 100 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.218 0.032 0.5 .133 0.4 1.017 0.5.xls PLATE B2-C. m Fixed Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 1.6 0.2 Pile-Head Deflection. 50 0 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order Np.004 0.068 0.015 0.8 1. m-kN 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 300 Lateral Load at Pile Head.163 594 0.047 0.8 Free Head Deflection Maximum Moment (m) (m-kN) 10 20 30 40 50 75 100 150 0.2 Lateral Load (kN) 0.856 761 300 0.007 0.

APPENDIX C APPENDIX C AXIAL LOAD-DEFLECTION ANALYSIS .

015 0.8 21.01 0.4 0.0 1.4 38.5 16.03 0. Pier E2 to E3 0. 98-42-0054 0 0.8 0.5 102.002 0.008 0.9 61.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.8 19.2 9.005 0.1 31.004 0.02 0.8 16.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 38.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.2 0 0 0. 5 Project No.8 69.3 16.025 0.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0.012 1.1 .4 96.5 8.3 24.9 72.7 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-A.5 19.1 38.4 38.7 90.4 115.0 115.4 35.0 4. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.6 31.6 0.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.7 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 0.3 58.9 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.

6 0.03 0.4 0.3 24. Pier E2 to E3 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.9 72.015 0.8 21.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 30.005 0.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.8 69. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.012 1.8 16.6 30.025 0.2 9.02 0.4 35.5 19. 5 Project No.3 58.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.3 16.002 0.0 4.2 .004 0.8 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 0.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0.8 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.8 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-A.008 0.8 19.8 0.9 61.4 95.5 16. 98-42-0054 0 0.01 0.2 0 0 0.5 8.0 1.

015 0.7 90. 98-42-0054 Z (m) (for Sand) 0 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 5 Project No.9 72.8 21.8 69.8 0.1 31.3 16.008 0.004 0.012 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.4 96.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 33.02 0.5 19.6 31.5 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-A. Pier E2 to E3 0.3 58.5 8.002 0.5 94.3 24.03 1.6 0.5 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 0.025 0.3 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.8 16.0 1.1 33.2 1 T/Tult 0.8 19.2 0 0 0.01 0.006 Z/D (for Clay) 0.4 Clay Sand 0.0 4.2 9.3 .4 35.9 61.01 0.5 16. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.005 0.

002 0.0 4.8 19.8 0.6 27.4 85.8 16.4 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-A.01 0.03 0.5 16.004 0.02 0.015 0.005 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 27.025 0.4 0.6 0.3 16. 5 Project No.012 1.2 9.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.9 72.8 69.7 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.4 . 98-42-0054 0 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.2 0 0 0.5 19.008 0.5 8.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.4 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 0. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.9 61.3 24.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.4 35.3 58.8 21.0 1.

8 16.6 0.7 90.025 0.015 0.3 16.5 97.8 0.6 31.2 0 0 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.5 .4 0.2 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.004 0.9 72.4 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-A.1 31.3 58.1 35.0 4.0 1.5 8.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.4 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 0.9 61.4 96.03 0.4 35. 5 Project No.8 69.012 1.8 21.008 0.02 0. 98-42-0054 Z (m) (for Sand) 0 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 35.3 24. Pier E2 to E3 0. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.5 16.005 0.01 0.8 19.002 0.5 19.2 9.01 0.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.

Pier E16 to E17 0.8 0.015 0.8 13.1 .008 0.005 0.7 19.01 0.0 3.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.02 0.3 17.8 21.0 9.1 Type (kPa) 0.8 62.03 0.9 21.8 21.025 0.1 31.4 0.1 11. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.5 29.1 122.7 17.9 81.0 118.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 34.004 0.7 6.1 34.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.012 1.0 48.8 8.2 0 0 0.7 Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.2 31.9 26.1 8.1 82.4 99.3 13. 98-42-0054 0 0.6 0.7 56.1 113. 5 Project No.9 87.7 3.2 114.002 0.5 16.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.1 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-C.

9 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay 0.9 87.03 0.8 8. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.4 0.004 0.015 0.01 0.1 8.8 62.025 0.7 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.7 6.7 17.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.0 3.0 48.2 114.8 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-C.1 11.8 Clay 84.8 13.2 0 0 0. Pier E16 to E17 0. 98-42-0054 0 0.2 Clay 82.8 21.012 1.7 19.0 9.3 17.008 0.1 122.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0.6 0.02 0.2 .8 0.7 56.002 0.005 0.4 26. 5 Project No.8 21.5 16.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 26.3 13.5 29.9 81.7 3.9 21.1 26.

8 13.6 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-C.004 0.4 0.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.9 26.9 21.8 8.5 16.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 29.4 93. 5 Project No.008 0.01 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.005 0.002 0.3 13.03 0.8 62.025 0.0 3.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.3 17.8 21.8 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.01 0.5 29.1 122.9 87. 98-42-0054 Z (m) (for Sand) 0 0.2 29.012 1.6 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay 0.7 3.015 0.7 19.7 17.2 114.7 6.8 21.9 81.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.0 48.2 0 0 0.1 8.1 11.6 0.1 82.3 .7 56.8 0. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.0 9.02 0.

5 29.8 62.0 48.7 3.0 9. Pier E16 to E17 0.006 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 23.6 0.7 19.7 6.8 21.004 0.7 56.9 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 23.01 0.1 8.012 1.9 81.5 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-C.8 13.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.008 0.2 114.8 8.3 17.2 0 0 0. 98-42-0054 0 0.7 17.2 Clay 1 Sand T/Tult 0.3 0.01 Z (m) (for Sand) 0.025 0.03 0.015 0.3 13. 5 Project No.8 21.005 0.8 0.5 16.4 . Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.1 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.1 11.1 122.002 0.9 21.5 Clay 105.02 0.0 3.9 87.4 0.

5 .3 17.4 EXAMPLE AXIAL PILE LOAD TRANSFER-DISPLACEMENT CURVES Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.3 13.8 0.2 Type Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Sand Sand Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay Clay (kPa) 31.1 82.0 48.025 0.0 3. 98-42-0054 Z (m) (for Sand) 0 0.0 9.1 8.02 0.7 56.1 122.8 8.01 0.1 Clay 99.005 0. Pier E16 to E17 0. Depth Soil Tult (m) 0.012 1.9 87.1 31.5 29.8 13.7 19.01 0.9 21.03 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile (Pile Tip Depth = 31.008 Z/D (for Clay) Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.4 meters) SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C1-C.7 3.004 0. 5 Project No.8 21.002 0.7 6.9 81.5 16.1 Clay 113.9 26.4 Clay 113.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.0 31.2 0 0 0.006 0.015 0.6 0.8 62.2 114.7 17.2 1 T/Tult 0.1 11.4 Clay Sand 0.8 21.5 0.

006 0.035 0. 0.8 meters below seafloor 0.022 0.020 0.012 0.013 0.007 0.001 0.014 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2491 2513 2535 2558 2580 2602 2624 2647 2669 2691 2713 2736 2758 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.002 0.011 0. Tip Depth: 30.004 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.480 1. Pier E2 to E3 0.61-Meter Diameter 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.004 0.023 0.000 0.7 mm wall thickness and static loading conditions.and 0.016 0.015 0.018 0.020 0.010 0.023 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.030 0.41-Meter Diameter 3500 0.024 0.41-Meter-Diameter Pile.000 0.003 0. 5 Project No.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.002 0. 1000 500 0 0.022 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0.480 1.480 1.005 0.61-Meter Diameter Load at the Pile Head.015 0.021 0.025 0.008 0.7 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.014 0.005 0.014 0.015 0.016 0.61-Meter-Diameter Pile.010 0.000 0.022 0.021 0. Tip Depth: 38.007 0.756 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.016 0.014 0.001 0.015 0.025 0.021 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.005 0.009 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-A.61-Meter Diameter 0.41.024 0.756 0.480 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on a uniform 12.1 .017 1.756 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.015 0.

1000 500 0 0.000 0.006 0.747 Pile Head Displacement (m). 98-42-0054 4000 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head. 0. 0.010 0.006 0.747 0.41-Meter Width 0.014 0.005 0.008 0.009 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2491 2513 2535 2558 2580 2602 2624 2647 2669 2691 2713 2736 2758 Pile Head Displacement (m). Tip Depth: 33.002 0.015 0.41-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.010 0.014 0. 5 Project No. Pier E2 to E3 0.007 0.010 0.009 0.747 0.003 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 0.016 0.474 1.013 0.009 0.61-Meter Width Width 0.008 0.41-Meter 0.015 0.009 0.013 0.2 .007 0.003 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-A.000 0.000 0.61-Meter-Square Concrete Load at the Pile Head.4 meters below seafloor 0.5 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW. 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Pile Head Displacement (m).010 0.61-Meter Width 0.002 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.and 0.011 1.011 0.41.015 0.025 0.035 0.030 0.004 0.002 0.009 0.010 0.009 0.001 0.004 0.013 0.41-Meter-Square Concrete 3500 0.747 0.020 0.013 0.015 0.001 0.474 1.005 0.002 0. Tip Depth: 27.474 1.014 0. Displacement (m).001 0.474 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.61-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.003 0.

018 0.751 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.030 0.004 0.000 0. 98-42-0054 4000 3500 Load at the Pile Head. 0.014 0.016 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Displacement (m).016 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2491 2513 2535 2558 2580 2602 2624 2647 2669 2691 2713 2736 2758 Pile Head Displacement (m). 5 Project No.002 0. Tip Depth: 35.017 0.020 0. 0.751 0.4 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.017 0.018 0.000 0.012 0.001 0. kN 3000 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.008 0.016 0.018 0.751 0.019 0.035 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.015 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head. 1000 500 0 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.751 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions. 0.010 0.005 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile.017 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.025 0.010 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-A.005 0.003 0.3 .007 0.017 0.

002 0.015 1.006 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.41-Meter Diameter 0.753 0.478 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on a uniform 12.005 0.012 0.015 0.022 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-C.015 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.753 0.008 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.005 0.and 0.61-Meter Diameter 0.012 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2491 2513 2535 2558 2580 2602 2624 2647 2669 2691 2713 2736 2758 Pile Head Displacement (m). 0.478 1.010 0.753 0.010 0.013 0.61-Meter Diameter Load at the Pile Head. 0.013 0. 0.001 0.013 0.000 0.002 0.009 0.000 0.753 Pile Head Displacement (m). kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 0.014 0.007 0.006 0. Tip Depth: 26.019 0.014 0.020 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.015 0.035 0.001 0.004 0.015 0.013 0.018 0.41-Meter-Diameter Pile.011 0. 0.020 0. 1000 500 0 0. 98-42-0054 4000 3500 0.61-Meter Diameter 0. Tip Depth: 34.1 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.002 0.019 0. 5 Project No.41-Meter Diameter 0.003 0.003 0.013 0.000 0.020 0.018 0.025 0.018 Pile Head Displacement (m).7 mm wall thickness and static loading conditions.61-Meter-Diameter Pile.41.019 0.005 0.1 .014 0.030 0.8 meters below seafloor 0.478 1.009 0.021 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Displacement (m).021 0.

and 0.745 1. Pier E16 to E17 0.008 0.005 0.002 0.745 0.2 .015 0.002 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-C.001 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0.005 0.004 0.025 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.009 0.41-Meter-Square Concrete 3500 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.6 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. Tip Depth: 23.003 0.005 0.007 0.001 0.5 meters below seafloor 0.009 0.011 0.012 0.003 0. Displacement (m) 0. 1000 500 0 0.41.013 0. Tip Depth: 29.006 0.007 0.61-Meter-Square Concrete Load at the Pile Head.473 0.004 0.41-Meter Width 0. Displacement (m) 0.007 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2491 2513 2535 2558 2580 2602 2624 2647 2669 2691 2713 2736 2758 Pile Head Pile Head Displacement (m).010 0.010 0.012 0.008 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.006 0.473 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.010 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.745 1.745 1. 5 Project No.000 0.011 0.014 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.61-Meter Width 0.030 0.473 0.009 0.035 0.012 0.008 0.020 0. 0.013 0.000 0.013 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Pile Head Displacement (m).41-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.61-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.012 0.013 0.009 0.41-Meter Width 0.61-Meter Width 0.

4 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (TENSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.020 0.014 Pile Head Axial Displacement (m).005 0.015 2624 0.36-Meter Steel H Head (kN) Pile 0. 5 Project No.009 0.000 0. 1000 500 0 0.015 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.36-Meter Steel H Pile 3500 Load at the Pile Head.000 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0. 0.006 0.016 2647 0.025 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.016 2669 0.014 2491 2513 0.035 0.749 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.36-Meter Steel H Pile.007 0.001 0.010 0.017 2713 0.014 0.015 2558 0. Tip Depth: 31.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.3 . Load at Pile 0.012 0.749 2736 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2469 Pile Head Displacement (m). 0.003 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C2-C.015 2580 0.002 0.030 0.010 0.017 2691 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.005 0.015 2602 0.749 2758 0.014 2535 0.004 0.

015 0.61-Meter Diameter 0.41-Meter Diameter 3500 0.002 0. Tip Depth: 38.019 8.336 8.775 7.023 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0.and 0.020 0.41.7 mm wall thickness and static loading conditions.7 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.025 0.004 0.054 0.024 0.017 0.016 0.010 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.009 0.071 6.015 0.003 0.017 0.006 0.009 4.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.007 0.005 0.013 0.61-Meter Diameter Load at the Pile Head.001 0.014 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.619 9.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-A. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.8 meters below seafloor 0.008 0.1 .000 0.000 0.007 0.035 0.000 0.307 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.931 5.385 12.61-Meter-Diameter Pile.031 0.702 9.011 0.41-Meter-Diameter Pile. 1000 500 0 0.015 0.004 0. 0. 5 Project No.002 0.010 0.697 8.853 6.020 0.039 0.463 11. Pier E2 to E3 0.011 0.013 0.030 4.005 0.001 0.021 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.541 10.61-Meter Diameter 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.023 0. Tip Depth: 30.005 0.653 7.41-Meter Diameter 0.030 0.385 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on a uniform 12.

Tip Depth: 27.452 7. 0.2 .000 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-A.020 0. Tip Depth: 33.003 0. 1000 500 0 0.002 0.008 0.339 5.010 0.41.61-Meter-Square Concrete Load at the Pile Head.41-Meter-Square Concrete 3500 0.101 6. Pier E2 to E3 0.005 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.006 0.013 0.4 meters below seafloor 0.220 6.006 0.018 0.004 0.060 6.000 0.61-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.001 0.219 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.002 0.013 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.045 0.41-Meter Width 0.004 0.008 0.007 0.025 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.002 0.505 11.010 0.630 8.009 0.001 0.035 0.005 0.003 0.and 0.014 0.000 0.016 0.012 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0.008 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.007 0.005 0.001 0.003 0.5 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.982 7.61-Meter Width 0.033 0.025 0.009 0.41-Meter Width 0.030 0.624 10.41-Meter-Square Concrete Pile. 5 Project No.025 4.000 0.61-Meter Width 0.743 9.011 0.862 8.266 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.386 12.015 0.041 7.

608 18.002 0.480 30. Tip Depth: 35.040 Displacement at the Pile Head. 1000 500 0 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile.005 0.000 0.010 0.074 25.000 0.020 0.480 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.012 0.142 15. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.010 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-26 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.031 9.3 .018 0.540 30.025 0. 5 Project No.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.4 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: AE and AW.004 0.017 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.008 0. Pier E2 to E3 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-A.480 30.007 0.480 30.015 0.307 28.013 0.035 0.001 0.480 30.841 22. 98-42-0054 4000 3500 0. 0.005 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile Load at the Pile Head.003 0.030 0.016 0.

014 0.019 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.009 0.011 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.018 0.022 0.005 0.006 0.285 7.044 0.029 0.002 0.020 0.007 0.013 0.620 12.066 6. Tip Depth: 26.1 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW.009 0.006 0. Tip Depth: 34.398 5.012 0. 98-42-0054 4000 3500 0.949 12.797 8.342 6.005 0.7 mm wall thickness and static loading conditions.061 11.841 7.664 11.000 0.000 0.005 11.61-Meter-Diameter Pile.173 9.003 0. 5 Project No. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.020 0.008 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.1 .016 0.013 0.015 0.708 10.41-Meter-Diameter Pile.001 0.003 0.61-Meter Diameter 0.001 0.015 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-C.010 0.893 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.61-Meter Diameter Load at the Pile Head.030 0.013 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.035 0.005 0.002 0. 0.010 0.575 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on a uniform 12.752 9. 1000 500 0 0.117 10.229 8.8 meters below seafloor 0.004 0.61-Meter Diameter 0.41.031 4.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.025 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.and 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.41-Meter Diameter 0.000 0.002 0.

007 0.61-Meter Width 0.008 0.008 0.41-Meter Width 0.005 0.410 0.001 0.004 0.001 0.030 0.140 6.025 0.020 0.000 0.013 0.185 0.500 0.003 0. 98-42-0054 4000 0.036 12.41-Meter-Square Concrete 3500 0.005 0.003 0.011 0.61-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.5 meters below seafloor 0.001 0.002 0.455 0.002 0.275 0.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-C.230 0.010 6.019 9.001 0.029 11.and 0.000 0.009 4.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.012 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0. m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.61-Meter Width Width 0.006 0.004 0.41-Meter 0.009 5.005 0.014 8.014 0.320 0. Tip Depth: 29.61-Meter-Square Concrete Load at the Pile Head.010 0.005 0.007 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Pile Head Displacement (m) Displacement (m) 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.2 . Tip Depth: 23.007 0.41-Meter-Square Concrete Pile.024 10.010 0.000 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.002 0.000 0.41.545 0. 1000 500 0 0.024 0. 0.6 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. 5 Project No.003 0.122 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.006 0.055 13.365 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.011 7.035 0.015 0.

025 0.901 28.958 17.010 0.016 0.004 0. kN 3000 2500 2000 1500 Subsurface profile is based on Boring 98-39 and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.035 0.017 6.030 0. 5 Project No.020 0.040 Displacement at the Pile Head.007 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile.694 20.480 Note: Pile Head Load-Displacement curves are based on static loading conditions.012 0. Pier E16 to E17 0.009 0.002 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.751 12.000 0.000 0.015 0.015 Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 2624 2713 2802 2891 2936 2980 3025 3069 3114 3158 3203 3247 3292 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.429 23.4 meters below seafloor EXAMPLE STATIC AXIAL PILE HEAD LOAD-DEFORMATION CURVES (COMPRESSION) Skyway Temporary Tower: CE and CW. 1000 500 0 0. 98-42-0054 4000 3500 0.480 30.003 0. Tip Depth: 31.165 25.637 30.36-Meter Steel H Pile Load at the Pile Head.001 0. 0.006 0.005 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE C3-C.010 0.222 14.480 30.3 . m Axial Load at Pile Head (kN) 0 222 445 667 890 1112 1334 1557 1779 2002 2224 2447 2535 Pile Head Displacement (m) 0.005 0.014 0.36-Meter Steel H Pile 0.

APPENDIX D APPENDIX D PILE DRIVABILITY ANALYSIS .

30 35 40 45 EXAMPLE SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D1-B.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 5 Project No. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 98-42-0054 Soil Resistance to Driving (MN) 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 5 10 Coring Lower Bound Coring Upper Bound Plugged Lower Bound Depth (meters) 15 Plugged Upper Bound 20 25 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27. Pier E2 to E3 0.1 .

and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. Pier E2 to E3 0. 30 35 40 45 EXAMPLE SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW.2 .EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 98-42-0054 Soil Resistance to Driving (MN) 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 5 Coring Lower Bound Coring Upper Bound 10 Plugged Lower Bound Plugged Upper Bound Depth (meters) 15 20 25 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27. 5 Project No.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D1-B.

41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D1-B.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.3 . 35 40 45 EXAMPLE SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. 5 Project No. Pier E2 to E3 0. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 98-42-0054 Soil Resistance to Driving (MN) 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 5 10 Plugged Lower Bound Plugged Upper Bound Depth (meters) 15 20 25 30 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27.

4 .EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 98-42-0054 Soil Resistance to Driving (MN) 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 5 10 15 Plugged Lower Bound Depth (meters) Plugged Upper Bound 20 25 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27. Pier E2 to E3 0. 5 Project No. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D1-B. 30 35 40 45 EXAMPLE SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW.

1 . 98-42-0054 Blows per 0.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D2-B.25 Meter 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 0 5 10 Coring Lower Bound Coring Upper Bound Depth (meters) 15 Plugged Lower Bound Plugged Upper Bound 20 25 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 30 35 40 45 EXAMPLE PREDICTED BLOW COUNTS Delmag D62 Hammer Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. 5 Project No.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. Pier E2 to E3 0.

5 Project No.2 . and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. 45 EXAMPLE PREDICTED BLOW COUNTS Delmag D62 Hammer Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. Pier E2 to E3 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.25 Meter 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 5 Coring Lower Bound 10 Coring Upper Bound Plugged Lower Bound Plugged Upper Bound Depth (meters) 15 20 25 30 35 40 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D2-B. 98-42-0054 Blows per 0.

5 Project No.3 .8m stick-up) for handling considerations.41-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D2-B. 98-42-0054 Blows per 0.25 Meter 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 5 10 15 Lower Bound Depth (meters) Upper Bound 20 25 30 Note : Pile length limited to 39. Pier E2 to E3 0. 35 40 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27.6m (including 14.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No. 45 EXAMPLE PREDICTED BLOW COUNTS Delmag D62 Hammer Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration.

EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.25 Meter 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 5 10 Lower Bound Upper Bound Depth (meters) 15 20 25 30 35 40 Subsurface profile is based on Borings 98-19 and 98-27. and should be refined to reflect location-specific subsurface exploration. Pier E2 to E3 0. 98-42-0054 Blows per 0.4 .61-Meter-Square Precast Concrete Pile SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE D2-B. 5 Project No. 45 EXAMPLE PREDICTED BLOW COUNTS Delmag D62 Hammer Skyway Temporary Tower: BE and BW.

APPENDIX E APPENDIX E SETUP ANALYSIS .

6 0.00 Time (years) 0.3 0. 5 Project No.01 0.8 Data Range: 0.1 0.7 0. Qs/Qs ult Normalized Pile Side Shear Capacity. Qs/Qsult 0.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.0 0.and 0.0 0.5 0. 98-42-0054 1.9 0.0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Time (months) PREDICTED SETUP OF SKIN FRICTION IN CLAY 0.2 0.0 0.41.8 0.41-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles Data Range: 0.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles 0.10 1.2 0.00 0.1 .3 0.5 Extended Time View 1.7 0.4 Normalized Pile Side Shear Capacity.9 0.4 0.00 10.61-Meter-Diameter Steel Pipe Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE E1-B.1 0.6 0.

Qs/Qsult 0.0 0.100 1.61-Meter Precast Square Concrete Piles SFOBB East Span Seismic Safety Project PLATE E1-B.2 0.001 0.010 0. 5 Project No.1 0.000 10.000 Time (years) 0. 98-42-0054 1.8 Data Range: 0.8 0.41-Meter-Diameter Precast Square Concrete Piles Data Range: 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time (months) 6 7 8 9 PREDICTED SETUP OF SKIN FRICTION IN CLAY 0.1 0.and 0. Qs/Qs ult Normalized Pile Side Shear Capacity.5 0.4 Normalized Pile Side Shear Capacity.EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS NOT FOR DESIGN SFOBB Task Order No.9 0.9 0.7 0.2 .4 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.41.0 0.61-Meter-Diameter Precast Square Concrete Piles 0.5 Extended Time View 1.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful