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From the President:
We had a brief snap of cold winter weather, but nothing that would hurt most of our plants. I hope that from now going forward in 2009, frost covers stay in the garage! And the RAIN! Yes! Could we have a bit more? If achieving heavy blooms on cactus is on your “desirable” list, don’t forget about low nitrogen, high phosphate fertilizer. (Don’t start watering too much; it’s spring—not summer!) At our meeting in March, we’re going to take a more serious look at caring for our collected plants. A little “sharpening of our mental saw” could help us improve the quality of our plants and increase our collections. The overall reward for our hobby should be elevated. We each have small “nurseries” at one level or another! Victor Lindsey begins this series.
WE ARE DOIN’ STUFF!
“TEACH ME HOW! CREATE BEAUTIFUL CACTUS AND SUCCULENT GARDENS INSIDE YOUR HOME AND OUT”: April 4 at the Museum lobby and Lecture Hall with the desert garden right outside. Paula Garrett is the coordinator. Show your support and invite people to come with you! COUNTY FAIR: April 9, 10, 11, 12 in Logandale. Will CSSSN participate in any way? SALE TIME: Springs Preserve, Sat., April 11, Many different kinds of plants for sale. Are you helping? Are you Selling? SHOW & SALE TIME: CSN, Charleston Campus, Sat. & Sun. April 25 & 26. CSSSN is only garden club seller these days. We can put on one heck of a show along with some great demonstrations. We’ll need to get organized. Please come to the meeting to see how you can participate. SHOW & SALE TIME: PLANT WORLD on Charleston has invited us to sell, show, demonstrate, talk, etc., under the lattice on Sat. and Sun., May 16 and 17. This is another excellent opportunity. Let’s not blow it off. We’ve got some time on this one. Maybe we can even get an out of state plant vendor or two! We need to get organized. Please come to the meeting to see how you can participate. HIKES AND DAY TRIPS: Don’t forget it’s WILDFLOWER SEASON!!!!! The club is not organizing an event for you. It’s your gig! Roll out of bed, guzzle some coffee, gas up your buggy or saddle your pony and GET OUT THERE! DIGGIN’ IN THE DIRT: If you can’t get your jeans dirty in your own yard, find someone that needs some help. If you can’t get down and dirty this year, don’t forget to redo those flower pots, benches, and patios. Your hands will retreat from winter’s arthritic pain with just a bit of torn cuticle, dirt under the nails, and a glochid or two discretely and most annoyingly placed! WEBSITE: A traditional calendar feature is operational. Check it out and stay in touch through all of these these links:
YAHOO GROUP SITE: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/CSSSN/ WEB SITE: http://www.csssn.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=21&Itemid=37 2009 Officers & Committees: http://www.csssn.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=29
MEMBERSHIP: If you are reading this and are not a member yet, consider paying up! I hope to see you Thursday – see inside for a slight change up in our routine Susan Kent
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MEETING TIME BEGINS AT 4:30 PM!
Next Meeting: March5, 2009
Garden Center at Lorenzi Park 3333 W. Washington Las Vegas, NV Regular meeting: Start gathering at Lorenzi Park Garden Center at 4:30. We will get set up, lock the building, and car pool over to Victor’s home. After a tour there we will head back to the Garden Center and finish our regular meeting by 7:00. A brief Board meeting starts at 7:00. Members may attend. Tentative plans indicate that a light snack will be available. (This could be as small as a pot of coffee.) If you want to make sure finger food is available, pick something up at the super market on your way. PS: BRING MONEY! Raffle plants and perhaps a show quality plant or will be on the block!
Membership Dues: Individual - $15.00; Household - $25
Name(s): ____________________________________ _____________________________________________ Street: _______________________________________ City,State,Zip _________________________________ Phone: ______________________________________ E-mail address: _______________________________ Email & website are default methods of communication. If you have an e-mail address, we e-mail the newsletter. If you wish a paper copy, please notify Liz at email@example.com. Dues can be paid at any monthly meeting, or you may mail them. Thanks for your continued interest! CSSSN – Membership P O Box 571101 Las Vegas, NV 89157
Monthly Meeting Program
The small home nursery! Victor Lindsey has invited us to tour his nursery. He’ll give us plenty of ideas and cautions. I look forward to getting tips that could save me from making his same mistakes.
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A Cactus Greenhouse in Iowa
by Dick Schreiber Reprinted from the Mid-Iowa Cactus & Succulent Society Newsletter, February 2001
this. The costs of heating would be minimal being attached to the home and visiting the greenhouse would be like walking to another room in your home. Very appealing to consider, however, it would not work for my situation.
It goes against all common sense to grow cactus and succulents in Iowa. There are numerous reasons; too cloudy, too much rain and humidity, too hot, too many critters, no room and then freezing temperatures come along and force them indoors. Is this natural for the plants and are they really happy? I chose to build a greenhouse a little over 10 years ago. It isn't perfect or high dollar; however, it was an adventure to build and is giving us enjoyment year around. This is a short article on my situation, some thoughts pertaining to greenhouses and answers to the above issues. The basic necessities of a greenhouse are shelter, sunlight, moving air and moderated temperatures. This means a structure, electricity, and a heat source. It was overwhelming at first, to bring all this together. I needed to research greenhouses and find out what makes them work. Because I would be the design, construction and repair person, and, oh yes, the person to use and enjoy it. Thus it was my choice to proceed and do it myself. So the key to this project was keeping it simple and I believe I did. Another way to keep it simple is to pay a contractor to do the work. There are numerous kits and styles available for contractor installation or the "do-it-yourselfers". It's a decision on a persons comfort level to do the work themselves or have it done by someone else. I felt somewhat at ease building the structure. I talked to my wife, Cynde, a lot regarding design with common sense answers that I was looking for. There are 3-season and 4-season greenhouses, each have advantages and disadvantages. Often a 3-season can become a 4-season with additional amendments at a later date when funds become available. A person must decide what is best for their needs and budget. Location, size, style, to buy or to build is all necessary to answer before taking the plunge into having a greenhouse. Is there electricity, and gas nearby for the detached greenhouse? Attaching the greenhouse to the home is an attractive option if there is enough room and the sun location permits
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The framework of our greenhouse is a second hand aluminum Lord and Burnham lean-to, that I had decided to place along my 24' long garage. This makes it run North to South pretty much and 20 feet or so away from the house. This lean-to is approximately 7' wide. The person I purchased this from had no appreciation for the greenhouse and basically wanted it removed ($450). It was 28 1/2' long and was in disrepair. We disassembled it in one day (with the help of my father, brother and sister-inlaw), and moved the many pieces to my home. It was stored until it was needed. I had to provide a base or foundation for the wall, by digging down 2' and pouring concrete footings. Then a short knee wall sits atop that, to provide a beginning for the framework erection. I completed the utilities, foundation and framework the first year. Year 2 saw the glass sides and Lexan top panels go together and the greenhouse became a tight shelter. The midsummer was spent building the benches for the plants to set on. Going into fall, I chose a hot water heater for keeping the plants warm in winter. The idea came from a MICSS club member (Elwin Hand) that had used it successfully and he was proud to explain his setup. It consisted of a 30-gallon residential gas waterheater, fin tubes, a thermostat, and a circulation pump. It was simple and I could do it. I installed the fin tubes under the benches to give off the heat to the plants above. This fin tube is a copper pipe with aluminum fins or radiators on them to give off heat from the hot water inside it. The pump moves the heated water around the loop of pipe, returning the water to the waterheater (in the garage) for another trip, warming the entire structure. The thermostat shuts off the pump when the structure reaches the temperature it was set for. I keep mine at 50 degrees F. Simple and it works. We figure it costs about $1.50 per day, during the winter months. The water is actually a 50/50 mix of water and glycol (antifreeze) to keep from freezing a pipe. This actually
happened in the beginning when I didn't have one pipe entirely insulated and the heater was not in use because of a sunny day in the winter. That section of pipe froze and kept the loop from circulating the hot liquid. I had to get a hair dryer and heat that section of pipe until the water started flowing again. To remedy the problem, I insulated it better and switched to the water/glycol mix the next fall. There have been no problems since. Attaching a 28 1/2' greenhouse to a 24' garage was resolved by extending the additional 4 1/2' beyond the garage and creating a potting shed addition to attach the greenhouse to. This was a later addition I put on when I needed more room and the extra parts I hadn't used were haunting me. Thus, we have a 250 square foot greenhouse, which houses 537 or so cactus and succulent plants. This addition also provided an opportunity to enclose my downspout fed 50 gallon water barrel, that had until that time been outside and required emptying each fall. This was an idea whose time had come. The barrel is 4' off the floor of the greenhouse and provides gravity for watering the plants on the benches below, with a garden hose and the watering wand. The plants being watered with warm water in winter makes them happy.
round. I had used wall fans in the beginning. However, they were hard to locate in the stores and were usually costing half again as much. The table fans are common, cheap ($15) and last 3 years or so. Vents in the greenhouse structure are also important, and a roof ridge vent or moveable panel is desirable for keeping the heat buildup under control for the hottest of summer days. There must also be outside vents for air to enter the greenhouse. This sets up a natural circulation that cycles the air and keeps it moving. On the hot summer days of little breezes I wanted to provide relief from the heat to the plants. So I went to the trouble of installing a swamp cooler in mine for the many plants that remain in the greenhouse during the summer. It really mixes up the air the entire length of the greenhouse and is basically a large fan. This comes on at a predetermined high temperature and shuts off when it's cooled off. I do not use water with the swamp collar, as it introduced more problems than solutions; mainly too much humidity that seemed to promote scars, abnormal growth, and diseases. I have installed a temperature alarm system that sounds a buzzer beside my bed to alert us when the greenhouse temperature is below the 44 degrees F. temperature. I then take action (usually the middle of the night) to investigate. Usually it means plugging in an electric heater to supplement the hot water heater. Another trick is to increase the temperature of the water that circulates. The greenhouse returns back to 50 degrees in a couple hours and all is well again. The other convenience I have purchased is a wireless thermometer between the house and the greenhouse. This clever gadget displays the temperature of the greenhouse and also the outside temperature, without wires. It keeps track of the highs and lows of the greenhouse and lets me know the extremes during the night or while we were away at work. This is another toy of the greenhouse I rationalized as a necessity.
I decided to let Mother Nature provide the sunlight and have shade cloth inside provide the shadows for the shade loving plant. In the beginning of June I apply a whitewash on the glass to cut down on the intensity of the peak summer rays. I have no special supplemental lighting for the plants. The Schlumbergeras and Lithops bloom in December and Aloes show their inflorescence in January, all very natural and I believe they are happy. The 50degree thermostat temperature in winter keeps most plants dormant and does not show etiolation on any of them.
Moving air is a necessity for keeping the plants healthy, disease and bug free. Air movement also stirs up the hot and cool spots to a more temperate climate that plants like. The gentle sweeping motion of the air seems to replicate the outdoor breeze stirring leaves and spines alike that makes them happy. To keep the air moving I have installed 3 tabletop fans that are mounted on shelves on the wall. They are 12" diameter oscillating and run continuously year
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The overall experience of the greenhouse has been nothing less than wonderful. Though I regret not having more time to spend on the plants, due to a 40 hour + job. Therefore, my plants are grown "hard" (not pampered). The many hours putting this project together was all worth it when a person can see the wonderful cacti and succulents bloom, divide and grow in size. I had decided to have it
now and enjoy it for the many years to come, rather than wait to retirement and then start. This was our decision and it seems to be working for us. I very much look forward to pampering the plants in retirement. They look forward to it also, I'm sure.
—1100 types of woody trees and shrubs —1200–1500 types of hardy herbaceous plants —1500–2500 types of tender herbaceous and woody plants —4000–5000 different kinds of plants, with altogether approximately 8000 total on campus The Conservatory glass houses were built in 1895, 1901, 1952 and 1981. Inside, their average temperature varies by house, with a minimum of 50°F (10°C) in the coolest house and 70°F (21°C) in the Palm House, and a summer maximum of over 100°F (38°C) in all greenhouses, even with shading and hosing down! To survive New England's bitter winters, the glass houses are warmed with a lowpressure steam system. Believe it or not, irrigation is all done by hand. Long known as The Lyman Plant House, the Conservatory is named for the Lyman family of Northampton, owners of one of the homesteads making up Smith's original campus. The primary donor of seed money for the Conservatory was, you guessed it, Edward H. R. Lyman, whose summer estate is now the site of the campus preschool and also the Botanic Garden's 15-acre (16 ha) Fort Hill Nursery. The Smith College 150-acre (60 ha) campus is itself an arboretum—a living museum of plants. There is also a collection of 60,000 dried plants available for research in the herbarium. Founded in 1875, Smith College is a private liberal arts college for approximately 2.500 undergraduate women. It admits both men and women as graduate students. Having experienced a New England winter, for me, it's hard to imagine that these ladies (and a few gents) would be growing cacti well up there; however, the picture provides the proof.
How Can They Grow Cacti There?
by Emy de la Fuente Jr Reprinted from Cereus Chatter, Newsletter of the South Florida Cactus & Succulent Society
(OriginalpPhotos with article were not available. I’ve included at the end of the article, photos from the Lyman home page on the internet. Sjk) How can anyone grow cacti under extremely harsh conditions such as the following? Average annual precipitation 1092 mm (43 inches) Absolute maximum temperature 38.0°C (100°F) Absolute minimum temperature minus 30°C (-22°F) Average annual temperature 9.1°C (48°F) Average monthly temperature January, -4.8°C (23°F) February, -3.2°C (26°F) March, 0.7°C (35°F) April, 8.3°C (47°F) May, 14.0°C (57°F) June, 19.2°C (67°F) July, 22.0°C (72°F) August, 20.8°C (69°F) September, 16.7°C (62°F) October, 11.3°C (52°F) November, 4.9°C (41°F) December, -2.4°C (28°F) USDA Hardiness zone 5a/5b (Think about the fact that South Florida is in zone 10a/10b) Just looking at the Picture 1, it's hard to imagine that they could grow cacti there. However, the fact of the matter is that students at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts are growing cacti and many tropical plants quite well thanks to the facilities provided by The Lyman Conservatory which houses the following within its 12,000 square feet 1114 m^2) of glass houses and 127 acres (51 ha):
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Victor Lindsey’s http://calplants.biz/
We are always looking for rare, special, and large specimen Cactus & Succulents to buy. Call 1-800-384-4559 E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Check out this valuable site!!!!!!! http://www.coldcacti.com/home Save 50% on Travel: http://victorlindsey.worldventures.com If you have veggie or tropical plant gardening questions, contact club member, Leslie Doyle, aka the
Watch for her several Workshops around the Valley!
*****General Public CLOSING SALE*****
Dave & Kris continue the process of closing Turner-Greenhouse- http://www.turnergreenhouse.com 645-2032 4455 Quadrel Street, Las Vegas, NV 89129 OPEN Friday, Saturday, Sunday ONLY New Hours those days: 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM CLOSED THE REST OF THE TIME! Remaining inventory is available at a 50% price reduction. This includes ALL sizes of landscape plants, their private collection, pottery, and decorative yard art. 1st come, 1st served. Plants selected & paid in full can be held for no more than 24 hours. (SORRY, NO “TAG & HOLD” FOR ANYBODY!) Master & Visa still accepted, but CASH & CHECKS PREFERRED.
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Sorry that no cactus photos from these greenhouses were readily available. If I find some on the internet, I will send them along. Maybe one of you will and send them to me for central distribution! email@example.com
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