This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

The accompanying Table of Information and Equation Tables will be provided to students when they take the AP Physics Exams. Therefore, students may NOT bring their own copies of these tables to the examination room, although they may use them throughout the year in their classes in order to become familiar with their content. Table of Information For both the Physics B and Physics C Exams, the Table of Information is printed near the front cover of the multiple-choice section and on the green insert provided with the free-response section. The tables are identical for both exams except for one convention as noted. Equation Tables For both the Physics B and Physics C Exams, the equation tables for each exam are printed only on the green insert provided with the free-response section. The equation tables may be used by students when taking the free-response sections of both exams, but NOT when taking the multiple-choice sections. The equations in the tables express the relationships that are encountered most frequently in AP Physics Courses and Exams. However, the tables do not include all equations that might possibly be used. For example, they do not include many equations that can be derived by combining other equations in the tables. Nor do they include equations that are simply special cases of any that are in the tables. Students are responsible for understanding the physical principles that underlie each equation and for knowing the conditions for which each equation is applicable. The equation tables are grouped in sections according to the major content category in which they appear. Within each section, the symbols used for the variables in that section are defined. However, in some cases the same symbol is used to represent different quantities in different tables. It should be noted that there is no uniform convention among textbooks for the symbols used in writing equations. The equation tables follow many common conventions, but in some cases consistency was sacrificed for the sake of clarity. Some explanations about notation used in the equation tables: 1. The symbols used for physical constants are the same as those in the Table of Information and are defined in the Table of Information rather than in the right-hand columns of the tables. 2. Symbols in bold face represent vector quantities. 3. Subscripts on symbols in the equations are used to represent special cases of the variables defined in the right-hand columns. 4. The symbol D before a variable in an equation specifically indicates a change in the variable (i.e., final value minus initial value). 5. Several different symbols (e.g. d, r, s, h, ) are used for linear dimensions such as length. The particular symbol used in an equation is one that is commonly used for that equation in textbooks.

TABLE OF INFORMATION FOR 2006 and 2007 CONSTANTS AND CONVERSION FACTORS UNITS 1 unified atomic mass unit, Proton mass, Neutron mass, Electron mass, Electron charge magnitude, Avogadro’s number, Universal gas constant, Boltzmann’s constant, Speed of light, Planck’s constant,

1 u = 1.66 ¥ 10 -27 kg = 931 MeV c 2

PREFIXES Factor

10 10

9 6

Name meter kilogram second ampere kelvin mole hertz newton pascal joule watt coulomb volt ohm henry farad tesla

Symbol m kg s A K mol Hz N Pa J W C V

W

Prefix giga mega kilo centi milli micro nano pico

Symbol G M k c m

m

m p = 1.67 ¥ 10 -27 kg

mn = 1.67 ¥ 10 -27 kg

me = 9.11 ¥ 10 -31 kg

10

10 10

3

-2 -3

**e = 1.60 ¥ 10 -19 C N 0 = 6.02 ¥ 1023 mol -1 R = 8.31 J (moliK) k B = 1.38 ¥ 10
**

-23 8

10

-6

10 -9

n p

J K

10

-12

c = 3.00 ¥ 10 m s

h = 6.63 ¥ 10

-34 -15

J is

= 4.14 ¥ 10 eV is hc = 1.99 ¥ 10 -25 J im Vacuum permittivity, Coulomb’s law constant, Vacuum permeability, Universal gravitational constant, Acceleration due to gravity at Earth’s surface, 1 atmosphere pressure, 1 electron volt,

k = 1 4p

VALUES OF TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS FOR COMMON ANGLES

0 0

= 1.24 ¥ 103 eV inm = 8.85 ¥ 10 -12 C2 N im 2

= 9.0 ¥ 10 9 N im 2 C2

θ

sin θ cos θ 0 1/2 1

3 /2

tan θ 0

3 /3

0

30

m0 = 4 p ¥ 10 -7 (T im) A

G = 6.67 ¥ 10 -11 m 3 kgis2 g = 9.8 m s2

Magnetic constant, k ¢ = m0 4 p = 10 -7 (T im) A

H F T

C

37

3/5

2 /2

4/5

2 /2

3/4 1 4/3

3

45

53 60

1 atm = 1.0 ¥ 10 N m

5

2

degree Celsius electronvolt

4/5

3 /2

3/5 1/2 0

= 1.0 ¥ 105 Pa 1 eV = 1.60 ¥ 10 -19 J

eV

90

1

∞

The following conventions are used in this exam. I. Unless otherwise stated, the frame of reference of any problem is assumed to be inertial. II. The direction of any electric current is the direction of flow of positive charge (conventional current). III. For any isolated electric charge, the electric potential is defined as zero at an infinite distance from the charge. *IV. For mechanics and thermodynamics equations, W represents the work done on a system. *Not on the Table of Information for Physics C, since Thermodynamics is not a Physics C topic.

**ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B EQUATIONS FOR 2006 and 2007
**

NEWTONIAN MECHANICS

ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

u = u0 + at

x = x0 + u0 t +

1 2 at 2

u 2 = u0 2 + 2a ( x - x0 )

Â F = Fnet = ma F fric £ m N

u2 ac = r t = r F sin q

a F f h J K k m N P p r T t U u W x m q t

p = mv

J = FDt = Dp

K =

1 2 mu 2

DUg = mgh

W = F Dr cos q Pavg = W Dt

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

acceleration force frequency height impulse kinetic energy spring constant length mass normal force power momentum radius or distance period time potential energy velocity or speed work done on a system position coefficient of friction angle torque

F =

E=

1 q1q2 4p 0 r 2

F q

A B C d E

UE = qV = Eavg = V = C = C = Uc = I avg R= V d

1 q1q2 4p 0 r

e

F I P Q q R r t U

1 4p 0 Q V

0A

q Â rii i

d 1 1 QV = CV 2 2 2

V

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

DQ = Dt

r A

u = r = q = fm =

area magnetic field capacitance distance electric field emf force current length power charge point charge resistance distance time potential (stored) energy electric potential or potential difference velocity or speed resistivity angle magnetic flux

V = IR P = IV Cp =

P = F u cos q

Fs = - k x

Â Ci

i

Us =

1 2 kx 2

m k g

1 1 =Â Cs i Ci Rs =

Â Ri

i

Ts = 2 p Tp = 2p

T = 1 f

1 = Rp

ÂR

i

1

i

**FB = qu B sin q FB = BI sin q B=
**

m0 I 2p r

FG = UG = -

Gm1m2 r2 Gm1m2 r

fm = BA cos q

eavg

=-

Dfm Dt

e

= B u

ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B EQUATIONS FOR 2006 and 2007 FLUID MECHANICS AND THERMAL PHYSICS WAVES AND OPTICS

P = P0 + r gh

Fbuoy = rVg

A1u1 = A2 u2

P + r gy +

D =a

1 2 ru = const. 2

0 DT

H = P=

kA DT L F A

**PV = nRT = Nk BT K avg
**

3 = k BT 2

3 RT = M 3k B T m

urms =

W = - P DV

DU = Q + W

e=

ec =

W QH

TH - TC TH

A = area e = efficiency F = force h = depth H = rate of heat transfer k = thermal conductivity Kavg = average molecular kinetic energy = length L = thickness M = molar mass n = number of moles N = number of molecules P = pressure Q = heat transferred to a system T = temperature U = internal energy V = volume u = velocity or speed urms = root-mean-square velocity W = work done on a system y = height a = coefficient of linear expansion m = mass of molecule r = density

u = fl

n= c u

n 1 sin q1 = n 2 sin q2

sin qc =

n2 n1

1 1 1 + = si s0 f

h s M = i =- i h0 s0 R 2 d sin q = ml f =

xm m lL d

d = separation f = frequency or focal length h = height L = distance M = magnification m = an integer n = index of refraction R = radius of curvature s = distance u = speed x = position l = wavelength q = angle

GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY

Rectangle A = bh Triangle 1 A = bh 2 Circle A = pr2 C = 2p r Parallelepiped V = wh Cylinder V = pr2

A= C= V= S = b = h = = w= r =

area circumference volume surface area base height length width radius

ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS

E = hf = pc K max = hf - f

l = h p

D E = ( Dm ) c 2

E= f = K= m= p = l= f=

energy frequency kinetic energy mass momentum wavelength work function

S = 2p r + 2p r 2 Sphere 4 V = pr3 3

S = 4p r 2 Right Triangle a 2 + b2 = c 2 a sin q = c b cos q = c a tan q = b

c q b 90°

a

**ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS C EQUATIONS FOR 2006 and 2007 MECHANICS
**

u = u0 + at

x = x0 + u0 t + 1 2 at 2

**ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
**

F = 1 q1q2 4p 0 r 2

u 2 = u02 + 2a ( x - x0 )

Â F = Fnet = ma

a F f h I J K k

F=

dp dt

J = Ú F dt = Dp

p = mv F fric £ m N W = K = P=

ÚF

∑

dr

1 2 mu 2

dW dt

P=F v

DUg = mgh

ac =

u = w2 r r

2

= = = = = = = = = L = m= N = P = p = r = r = T = t = U= u = W= x = m = q = t = w = a =

acceleration force frequency height rotational inertia impulse kinetic energy spring constant length angular momentum mass normal force power momentum radius or distance position vector period time potential energy velocity or speed work done on a system position coefficient of friction angle torque angular speed angular acceleration

E=

F q

∑

A B C d E

ÚE

dA= dV dr

Q

0

e

F I J L

q

E =V =

1 4p 0

Â rii

i

n

= = = = = = = = = = = =

UE = qV = C = C = Q V k

0A

1 q1q2 4p 0 r

N = P Q q R r t U = = = = = = = V= u = r = fm = k =

d

Cp =

Â Ci

i

1 1 =Â Cs i Ci I = dQ dt 1 1 QV = CV 2 2 2 r A

area magnetic field capacitance distance electric field emf force current current density inductance length number of loops of wire per unit length number of charge carriers per unit volume power charge point charge resistance distance time potential or stored energy electric potential velocity or speed resistivity magnetic flux dielectric constant

t=r¥F

Fs = - k x

Us = T =

1 2 kx 2

Uc = R=

ÚB

∑

d = m0 I

Â t = t net = I a I = Ú r 2 dm = Â mr 2

rcm = Â mr Â m

dB =

F=

2p 1 = f w m k g

ˆ r

E = rJ I = Neud A V = IR Rs =

m0 I d ¥ r 4p r 3

¥B

ÚI d

u = rw

L = r ¥ p = Iw

1 K = I w2 2

Ts = 2 p Tp = 2 p

Bs = m0 nI

Â Ri

i

fm = Ú B ∑ d A

w = w0 + at q = q0 + w0t +

1 2 at 2

FG = UG

Gm1m2 r2

1 = Rp

1 ÂR i i

e e

=-

d fm dt dI dt

P = IV

FM = qv ¥ B

= -L

Gm1m2 =r

UL =

1 2 LI 2

ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS C EQUATIONS FOR 2006 and 2007 GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY Rectangle A = bh Triangle A= C= V= S = b = h = = w= r = CALCULUS

A= Circle

1 bh 2

A = pr2 C = 2p r

area circumference volume surface area base height length width radius

df d f du = dx du dx d n ( x ) = nxn -1 dx d x (e ) = e x dx d (1n x ) = 1 dx x d (sin x ) = cos x dx d (cos x ) = - sin x dx

Parallelepiped V = wh Cylinder

V = pr2

S = 2p r + 2p r Sphere V = 4 3 pr 3

2

Úx

Úe

n

dx =

1 x n + 1 , n π -1 n +1

x

dx = e x

Ú

dx = ln x x

S = 4p r 2

Right Triangle

**Ú cos x dx = sin x Ú sin x dx = - cos x
**

c

q

a 2 + b2 = c 2

sin q =

a c

a 90°

b cos q = c

tan q =

b

a b

- Web Sunucularina yÖnelİk Ddos Saldirilari
- BootMgr is Compressed Hatasi
- Açık Kod Güvenlik Kılavuzu
- Bir Sınıfın Anatomisi
- Teknoloji Yönetimi ve ARGE
- Resim Yapıyorum (Paint)
- Office PowerPoint 2003 Ders Notları
- Bilgisayar Sistemi-Ders Notları
- Bilgileri Saklama-Ders Notları
- Office Word 2003 Ders Notları
- FrontPage 2003 Ders Notları
- mehmet değirmenci - dijital & photo görüntüleme teknikleri fuarı
- dersnot_hafta4B
- dersnot_hafta4A
- dersnot_hafta3B
- dersnot_hafta3A
- dersnot_hafta2
- dersnot_hafta1
- dersnot_hafta2
- dersnot_hafta1
- Veritabanı Yönetim Sistemi - Mehmet2009-giris1
- Video veri tabanları için veri modelleme ve sorgulama
- Veriyi Ve Bilgiyi Organize Etmek
- Veritabanı Yönetim Sistemleri Bölüm 2

Sınavlarda sorulan tüm Fizik formülleri

Sınavlarda sorulan tüm Fizik formülleri

- equationSheet2004_2005
- Physics Equation Tables
- APC Equation Sheet 2015
- Formule iz fizike
- MTH101
- Solution of a Nonhomogeneous Equation
- NICE
- Chapter 4-1 Merged
- C01
- Ap06 Frq Physics c Mech
- Tutorial 1 Basic Theory
- Module 13 - Differential Equations 3 (self study)
- (eBook) - Mathematics Applied Advanced Calculus
- ans&appenbnbhjhjhbbiojhg,,bjhuhkhkgugukv
- Lab4
- Longitudinal Vibration Bars
- 02 First Order Differential Equations
- AQA-MM1B-W-MS-JAN08
- PH2130 2003
- Must See Befor Final
- ch8aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
- 0807
- Simon Newcomb - On the General Integrals of Planetary Motion [Microform] (1874)
- Differential Equations - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2007
- Graphing Sine and Cosine (1)
- Unit-4-MS
- Math for Eng and Scientists 3
- Math Sping Break Packet
- ass12
- PJC JC 2 H2 Maths 2011 Mid Year Exam Solutions Paper 1

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd