Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.

DLR IB 435 – 2013/27

Failure criteria for the FE-analysis of CF/PEEK blades of a counter rotating propfan

B.Sc. Adnan Khan 2545848

Institut für Bauweisen- und Konstruktionsforschung DLR Stuttgart

V.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft. .und Raumfahrt e.

..und Raumfahrt e..................... 11.. Prof....und Konstruktionsforschung DLR Stuttgart Seiten: xx Abbildungen: xx Tabellen: xx Stuttgart........Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.2013 Institutsleiter Abteilungsleiter .......... Dr.........-Ing.........Sc...07...... Heinz Voggenreiter .. Wolfgang Dudenhausen Betreuer Bearbeiter ...............-Ing. Dr.................... DLR IB 435 – 2013/27 Failure criteria for the FE-analysis of CF/PEEK blades of a counter rotating propfan Masterarbeit B............V.. Adnan Khan Institut für Bauweisen..........

......... Adnan Khan ......V............................und Raumfahrt e......Deutsches Zentrum für Luft............ .. Dr......-Ing........................ Daniel Görke ...........Sc.................. B........

𝑥𝑡 Coordinate system of an action plane.und Raumfahrt e.𝑥𝑛.V.𝑓𝑝 Index denoting fracture / fracture plane 𝐹𝐹. 𝑥∥ being fibre-parallel 𝑥1.𝑥2.𝐼𝐹𝐹 Index denoting figures concerning fibre fracture / inter-fibre fracture 𝑚 Minimum of the weakening factor 𝜂𝑤1 𝑚𝜎𝑓 Magnification factor for matrix stresses 𝑘 Shear impact degradation measure 𝑙 Stress exposure impact degradation measure 𝑛 Orientation impact degradation measure 𝑝 Inclination parameter 𝑅 Strength of the material 𝑅𝐴 Fracture resistance of the action plane 𝑠 Threshold of the 𝜂𝑤1 influence 𝑆 Integrated standardised stress exposure 𝑆 Compliance matrix 𝑡 Index denoting tension xvi CONTENTS Greek characters . 𝑥1 being fibre-parallel. 𝑥1 being fibreparallel Arabic characters 𝑐 Index denoting compression 𝐸 Stiffness matrix 𝑓 Index denoting fibres’ figures 𝑓𝐸 Stress exposure 𝑓𝑆 Stretch factor 𝑓𝑟. 𝑥3 in through-thickness direction 𝑥∥.𝑦.𝑥3 Coordinate system of a UD lamina.𝑧 Global coordinate system of a laminate 𝑥1.𝑥⊥ Cylindrical coordinate system of a UD lamina.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft. Coordinate Systems 𝑥.

und Raumfahrt e.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.V. 𝛼 Thermal expansion coefficient 𝛽 Orientation of a lamina within an laminate 𝛾 Shear strain 𝛿 Macroscopic crack density 𝜖 Normal strain 𝜂 Degradation progress measure 𝜂𝑚+𝑝 Weakening factor due to micro-damage and probabilistics 𝜂𝑤1 Weakening factor due to fibre-parallel stresses 𝜎1 𝜃 Orientation of an action plane 𝜈 Poisson’s ratio 𝜎 Normal stress 𝜏 Shear stress 𝜑 Second angle unambiguously defining an action plane in isotropic material 𝜓 Direction of the resultant shear in an action plane xvii Abbreviations 2D two-dimensional 3D three-dimensional BMBF Bundesministerium f¨ur Bildung und Forschung Federal Ministry of Education and research CAE computer aided design CFRC carbon fibre reinforced composite CLT classical laminate theory CPU central processing unit ESL equivalent single layer FE finite element FEA finite element analysis FF fibre fracture FRC fibre reinforced composite FRPC fibre reinforced polymer composite FSDT first-order shear deformation theory GFRC glass fibre reinforced composite GMC generalised method of cells HSDT higher-order shear deformation theory IFF inter-fibre fracture MFB Master Fracture Body LW layer-wise PVD principle of virtual displacement RMVT Reissner’s mixed variational theorem RVE representative volume element SFB Sonderforschungsbereich / collaborative research centre UD unidirectional / unidirectionally UMAT user material behaviour subroutine WWFE World Wide Failure Exercise .

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.und Raumfahrt e.V. .

Now open the color gel tube by piercing the tube seal with the back of the cap.1 Place the applicator speed .V.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft. 2 Mixing Scütteln the application area as long as vigorously until the contents are completely mixed. Figure 2.und Raumfahrt e. Press the entire contents of the tube into the application surface and screw it again. Font 1: Mix and Apply Simple mixing 1 Screw off Unscrew the cap of the application surface. Tint with gel tube Application bottle with developer emulsion speed applicator dress protection Damp cloth Perfect Men of dry hair is applied.

you can use the anti-gray toning gel as a shampoo massage with your hands so that it is evenly distributed vergesen you do not like the gloves. Finally. Do not store finished Anwendungsmichung on in a closed bottle.V.und Raumfahrt e. . start sifort with the application. Easy to use with Helife Of Speed Systems Carry on with the speed applicator Men Perfect on dry hair. 3 Place the applicator speed Unscrew the lid of the bottle and put the application speed applicator. The anti-gray toning gel is ready. The bottle could swell and burst! You may use leftover mixture can not be used for later use. If you want to keep some gray at the temples. The amount needed depends on the application mix vob your hair fullness.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft. treat these areas take the mixture and wipe away as the earlier. Distribute the mixture easily moves against the direction of hair growth until the whole hair is completely covered.

. Scritt2. you lather your hair with lukewarm water to rinse it thoroughly afterwards.und Raumfahrt e..V. . To prevent Antfärbungen at the hairline. Step 3 wake up the After treatment. Then watch your hair with your usual mild shampoo. Exposure time Important: The exposure time begins when the application (schtitt 1) is completed. With each minute exposure the color result will be intensified.. to remove Excess over anti-gray Tönngs gel during the reaction time.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.

5 Puck Knaust Criterion 20 von-Mises Failure Criterion-for metals 20 17 .Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.5 Different IFF Fracture Modes for 2-D Analytical analysis 2.4.2 Delamination 5 6 5 1.und Raumfahrt e.3.2 Fibre Fracture Criterion 1. Introduction 1 Failure criteria for UD laminates 3 Tsai Wu 3 Princiaple strain 3 Fibre Fracture (FF) 4 1.1.1 Different forms of Fibre fracture 4 1.3 Inter Fibre Fracture (IFF) Puck’s inter fibre fracture hypotheses 7 Phenomenological aspects of the inter fibre fracture (IFF) criteria 7 Implementation of Puck’s IFF-criteria 9 1.2 Visual and mathematical representation based on Master Fracture Body–12 2.V.

V.und Raumfahrt 34 Puck_ff.2 FEM calculation 22 2.3 Nonlinear geometrical static analysis 22 Material Modelling 23 34 .1 Permas.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft. Calculation of Rotor Blade 21 2.1 FEM mesh generation 22 2.2 nlstatic. 2.1 Input files 28 33 3.2.2 FEM Setup 22 file 29 Strength Values 29 3.6 Element types 24 2.2 Tsaiwu.1 Initial status of CF/PEEK rotor blade 21 2.4 Stiffness Matrix 23 2.1.2 Framework 31 CAnaly_shell_static.1 LaminateSress.5 Material Coordinate system 24 33 3. Implementation of failure criteria 28 34 PrincipalStrains.1.2.dat file 28 3.7 Load and Constraints 25 3.

und Raumfahrt 41 Result files 42 Chapter 5: Analysis of the Rotor blade with the lamina analysis program 44 XML Files 44 Zentrum für 40 40 Effort.3 Overview file with critical ply and element 51 Chapter 6: Conclusion & Outlook 54 Reference 55 . 40 38 PuckKnaust. PrincipalStrain.3 Viewing the results 45 5.3 summary. vonMises_Stresses.

160 19 .Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.V.159 71 0.1669 8 0.1043 6 0.und Raumfahrt e. 0.

415 59 0.V.2342 57 0.225 21 0.32574 0.1557 01 0.43749 0.325 74 0.234257 0.und Raumfahrt e.1829 17 0.41559 0.0372 81 0.41591 0.43749 0.037281 0.35297 PuckKnaust Efforts 0.4374 9 0.22521 0. Fibre Failure Efforts Active Plane Effort TsaiWu efforts PuckKnaus t Effort s 0.3248 .25976 0.324 8 0.259 76 0.4374 9 0.2409 35 0.155701 0.26089 0.415 91 0.182917 0.260 89 0.3529 7 FF Efforts IFF Efforts TsaiWu Efforts 0.226 29 0.240935 0.Deutsches Zentrum für Luft.22629 0.