BIBLIOGRAPHY

Acton, H. B. (ed.), The Philosophy of Punishment, St. Martin’s Press, Great Britain, 1969. Adams, K., “Adjusting to Prison Life”, Crime and Justice, vol. 16, 1992. Alexander, L., “The Doomsday Machine: Proportionality, Punishment and Prevention”, The Monist, vol. 63, no. 2, 1980. Alexander, L., “Retributivism and the inadvertent punishment of the innocent”, Law and Philosophy, vol. 2, 1983. Alexander, L., “Consent, Punishment and Proportionality”, Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 15, no. 2, 1986. Alexander, L., “Self-Defense, Punishment, and Proportionality”, Law and Philosophy, vol. 10, 1991. Anscombe, G. E., Intention, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1963. Arenella, P., “Character, Choice and Moral Agency: The Revelance of Character to our Moral Culpability Judgments, Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 7, 1990. Armstrong, K. G., “The Retributivist Hits Back”, in Acton, H. B. (ed.), 1969. Ashworth, A., Sentencing and Penal Policy, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1983. Ashworth, A., “Sharpening the subjective element in criminal liability”, in Duff, R. A. and Simmonds, N. (eds.), 1984. Ashworth, A., “The elasticity of mens rea”, in Tapper, C. F. H. (ed.), 1991. Ashworth, A., “Taking the consequences”, in Shute, J., Gardner, J. and Horder, J. (eds.), 1993 Ashworth, A., “Criminal Justice and Deserved Sentencing”, in Lacey, N. (ed.), 1994. Ashworth, A., Principles of Criminal Law, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1995. 199

200

THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT

Ashworth, A., Sentencing and Criminal Justice, Butterworths, Great Britain, 1995. Ashworth, A., “Four Techniques for Reducing Sentence Disparity”, in von Hirsch, A. and Ashworth, A (eds.), 1998. Ashworth, A and von Hirsch, A., “Desert and the Three Rs”, in von Hirsch, A. and Ashworth, A. (eds.), 1998. Ashworth, A.and Wasik, M. (eds.), Fundamentals of Sentencing Theory, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998. Bagaric, M., “Double Punishment and Punishing Character: The Unfairness of Prior Convictions”, Criminal Justice Ethics, Winter, 2000. Bagaric, M., Punishment & Sentencing, Cavendish Publishing, Great Britain, 2001. Baldwin, T., “Punishment, Communication, and Resentment”, Matravers, M. (ed.), 1999. Barnett, R. E., “Restitution: A New Paradigm of Criminal Justice”, Ethics, vol. 87, 1977. Barnett, R. E., “The Justice of Restitution”, The American Jurisprudence, vol. 25, 1980. Journal of

Bayles, M., “Character, Purpose and Criminal Responsibility”, Law and Philosophy, vol. 1, 1982. Beccaria, C., On Crimes and Punishment, in Manzoni, A. (ed.), The Column of Imfany, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1964. Bedau, H. A., Concessions to Retribution in Punishment”, in Cederblom, J. B. and Blizek, W. L. (eds.), 1977. Bedau, H. A., “Retribution and the Theory of Punishment”, Journal of Philosophy, vol. 75, 1978. Bedau, H. A., “Classification-based Sentencing: some Conceptual and Ethical Problems”, New England Journal of Criminal and Civil Confinement, vol. 10, 1984. Belliotti, R. A., “Gloom and Doom: Executing the Eighth Amendment”, The International Journal of Applied Philosophy, vol. 3, 1986/7. Benn, S. I., and Peters, R. S., Social Principles and the Democratic State, George Allen & Unwin LTD, London, 1959.

. Marshall.BIBLIOGRAPHY Bennett. and Blizek.. Arbitrariness and the Death Penalty. 1998. Works..). L. 1959. Journal of Philosophy. Prometheus Books. W. R. Ballinger Publishing Company. Blomberg.. in Ashworth. R. and Brownsword. Calvert. Oxford University Press. United States of America. (ed. Journal of Social Philosophy. vol. new York. C. Ethical Theory.. “Scale of Sentencing Severity”. J. S. J. G. and Wasik. P. Sage Publications. vol. 1995.. Cederblom J. Bottoms.). Clarendon Press. The Act Itself. Card. in Duff.. E. (eds. W. W. Aldine De Gruyter. (eds. J. Edinburgh. Burgh. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminolgy. Brownless. D. . “Do the Guilty Deserve Punishment?”. Braithwaite.. A. M. United States of America. Punishment and Social Control. R. 1995. in Hinton. and Pettit. Lurigio. “Hanging. 79. 1998.. “Retribution. M. P. 70.. Byrne J. Principle of Penal Law. J. (ed. Buchner. Brandt. “Five Puzzles in von Hirsch’s Theory of Punishment”. 1977.. 1983. J. Justice and Punishment.). J. 7 (monograph). E.. The Principles of Moral and Legislation.).. vol. “Dangerousness and Right”. Not Just Deserts. R.. J. Massachusetts. B. American Philosophical Quarterly. S. A. “Retributive Penal Liability”. 1982. (eds.). Bowring. Dobash. Bottoms. B. and Petersilia. 1988..). T. 1973. A. 23. 201 Bentham. Oxford. R. A. I. (eds. Dobash. 1992. A. Smart Sentencing. 1995. 1992... judges and wayward mechanics: reply to Michal Tonry”. Great Britain. Willliam Trait. vol. J. 1979. Prentice-Hall. Bentham. Englewood Cliffs. and Cohen.. R.

Davis. “Mismeasuring “Unfair Advantage”: A Response to Michael Davis”. 10.. Cambridge University Press. 1997. The Politics of Sentencing Reform. vol. Cragg. Dolinko. Great Britain. “How to Make Punishment Fit the Crime”. in Pelczynski. L. 1993. “The Sanctions of the Criminal Law”. vol. Law and Philosophy. “Punishment and Respect for Persons”. vol. and Inhumaneness”. M. 1990.). vol. 1997. “Hegel’s theory of punishment”. and the Intrinsic Goodness of Punishment”.. and Morgan. 1983. Dolinko. (eds. R. Davis. 1971. G. R. E. M. M. Clarkson. 1979. vol. Consequentialism. Clark. 1994. Analysis. Theory and Practice.. 13. “Retributivism. Franz Steiner Verlag. J. Hegel’s Political Philosophy. XCVII. M. 1993. 16. vol.. Law and Philosophy. A. Oxford. Cottingham. Civilization. M. S. Clarendon Press. Stuttgart. vol. Law and Philosophy. W. Law and Philosophy. vol.. “Punishment as Language: Misleading Analogy for Desert Theorists”. Davis.. 16. Ethics. R. “Varieties of Retribution”. A. M. Davis.. Ethics. “Criminal Desert and Unfair Advantage”. 29. 32. J. (ed. Philosophical Quarterly. 1991. “Playing Fair with Punishment”.. “Death Penalty.. “They Deserve to Suffer”. Davis. 1992. G.. (ed. 1971-2. vol. Z. “Some Thoughts About Retributivism”. 12. Cooper.. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. vol. Retributivism and its Critics. 101. 1995. Dagger. Davis. 11... D. Ethics. Cottingham. D. vol. C. 1979. H. D.).202 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Clark.. 93. United States of America. Dolinko. Criminal Law Forum.. 2000. in Stewart. 1991. Westview Press. . To Make the Punishment Fit the Crime. 1992. “The United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Who is Watching the Makers of Grids”. vol. 103. D.. M.).

1999. 1994. A.. A. Punishment. 1990.. A. Duff. Intention. 9.. (eds.. 1991. A. and Criminal Liability”. Utilitas. and Ashworth. Müller-Dietz. R. A. Neumann. Duff. Wiesbaden. (ed. D. H. 70. “Justice in Sentencing: The Role of Prior Record of Criminal Involvement”. “Punishment. United States. R. Duff. Marshall.BIBLIOGRAPHY 203 Duff.. A. 1993. 12. Duff. A.). Great Britain. in von Hirsch. 1988. Dobash.. Oxford University Press. A.. M. Ellis. no. Baden-Baden. (eds. R. A.. A. vol. A. 78. 1998. vol. 1984. M. P. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. and Garland. in Jung. 1998. Duff. R. J. Cambridge University Press. Expression and Penance”. and Gibbs. (ed. Great Britain... Penal Theory and Penal Practice. Cambridge. 1987. 1992. 18. R. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. R.). S. Trials and Punishment. A. Great Britain. 1998. R. R.. . Tough Justice. 1979. R. 1997. Erikson. A. 1995.1.. Duff. Cambridge University Press. R. A.. “Desert and Penance”. A. “A Reply to Bickenbach”. vol. Dobash (eds. N. Dunbar. I. “Punishment and the Principle of Fair Play”. Durham III.. U. and Community”. A. A. H. M. “Punishment. Philosophy and the Criminal Law. R. Recht und Moral.. Duff. W. 3.or Alternative Punishments?”. Duff. Character. United States of America. R. Agency and Criminal Liability. Blackwell.). Blackstone Press Limited.. vol. Duff. Duff. “Alternatives to Punishment . in Matravers.). Philosophy and Criminal Law. and Simmonds. Franz Steiner Verlag. no. in Cragg. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.).). “On the Perceived Severit of Legal Penalties”. “Choice. 1986. L. (eds. R. E. and Langdon.. vol. Manchester University Press.. Duff. Communication. Law and Philosophy.

Frey. Frankel. 41. 32. J. 1970.. Israel Law Review. and Ashworth. Criminal Justice Ethics... Feinberg.). A. 1979. Oxford University Press. 1972. Finnis. J. Rethinking Criminal Law. A.. C. Natural Law and Natural Rights. D. (ed. Harm to Others. in Stewart. Ezorsky. 1991. M. “The Recidivist Premium”. C. Frase. W. Galligan. “The Return of Retribution in Penal Theory”. The Morality of Punishment. M. C. R. New York. Fried.). Boston.204 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Ewing. M. E.). D. 1979. G. Analysis.. 1984. vol. Frankel. Oxford.. Montclair.. (ed. 1970 (org. M. 1972.).. Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment. J. vol.. United States of America. 1997. “Sentencing Principles in Theory and Practice”. 25. J. Fletcher. 1929). vol. 1971-2. Liability and Responsibility. Feinberg. E. G.. Patterson Smith. R. reprinted in an excerpted version in von Hirsch. 1991. “The Expressive Function of Punishment”. 22. in Tapper. in Doing and Deserving.. 1998.. A. Freeman. and Morris. Galligan. 1981. Clarendon Press. . (eds. A. vol. (eds. “Retributivism and the Death Sentence”. M.. (ed. A. “Lawlessness in Sentencing”. G. Fletcher. State University of New York Press. C. Albany. A. “Retributivism and the Death Sentence”. 1970. M. Finnis. 1978. An Anatomy of Values.. Harvard University Press. G. Freeman. H.. 1980.. “The Restoration of Retribution”. “The Quest for Equality in Sentencing”. Little. Crime and Justice. Criminal Law Review. Cincinnati Law Review. D. J. 1982. in Stewart. Princeton University Press. vol. 1. S. A. Cambridge University Press. 1981.). J. “Guidelines and Just Deserts: A Critique of Recent Trends in Sentencing Reform”. Brown. D. F.

M. Jurisprudence. P. J. and Robinson. C. (eds. in Frey. H. Oxford.Cruel and Unusual”?: A Retributivist Response”.. (eds.. J. Hampton. Oxford University Press.. Penquin Books. in Ashworth. The English Sentencing System. (eds.). The Promise and Reality of Retributive Justice. A. and Laszlo.”The Moral Education Theory of Punishment”..). Cohen. R. J. C.. Cohen. Ethics. J.).. A. 54. W. R. Butterworths. United States of America. This Century and the Next. United States of America. M. Glover. J. 1992. Determinate Sentencing. R. “Capital Punishment . M. Causing Death and Saving Lives. and Harrison. and Ashworth.. . Beitz. Gross. 1974. 1990.. Golash. P. Clarendon Press. Cohen. E. Harlow. Darley. H. and Wasik. E. Analysis. J.R. (ed. “Eighth Amendment . 1995. and Morris.. S. Gotesky. in Simmons. and Simmonds. H. Beitz. A. vol. “A New Theory of Retribution”. H. . J. vol. 82. 1979. Hampton.). “An Expressive Theory of Retribution”.BIBLIOGRAPHY 205 Gardner.. A. R. 1992.. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 1994. “Crime: in Proportion and in Perspective”.... 84. R. C. H. Gerstein.. (eds. 1981. 1991. J. Gross. D.Narrow proportionality Requirement Preserves Defence to Legislative Judgment”. R. 1992. 1998. Gordon and Breach. 1995. vol. Hampton. G. 1991.. J. H. J. Human Dignity. A. in Simmons.). “The Severity of Intermediate Penal Sanctions: A Psychophysical Scaling Approach for Obtaining Community Perceptions”. 11. London. Gross. in Duff. Gibbs. W. (eds. R.. Griset. (eds.).. M. Goldman. 1984. M. Gross. “The Paradox of Punishment”. “Culpability and Desert”... 1970. R. Cohen. vol. A Theory of Criminal Justice. New York. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. 1995. State University of New York Press. in Cragg. “The Retributive Paradox”. L. N..).

1999. vol. 1986. “Are There Any Natural Rights?”. 1987.206 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Hart. 23.). 1983. A. Law and Philosophy. Macmillan Education. Iustus. A. 1967. Dangerousness: Problems of Assessment and Prediction. M.. Hong Kong.. American Philosophical Quarterly.. Philosophy. vol. N.. N. vol. and Wasik. Cornell University Press. in Quinton. Journal of Value Inquiry. “The Backward-looking component of weak retributivism”. vol. H. Hestevold. W. Philosophy of Right.. 20. 1991. Essays in Criminal Law. L. “Disjuctive Desert”. Uppsala. Honderich. 74. E. 23.. 1998. Polity Press. Knox. Jareborg. A. “Luck and Retribution”. Hinton. Philosophy and Public Affairs. Clarendon Press. 20. “Why Bulk Discounts in Multiple Offence Sentencing?”. F. 10. Husak. ... Punishment and Responsibility..). Philosophical Topics. United States of America. Husak.. Hegel. A. translated by T.. 1968. (ed. Nous.. Jacobs. D. Johnson. United States of America. Jareborg. Great Britain. 1989. B. S. (eds.. London. A. T. vol. Journal of Value Inquiry. Holmgren. T. J. M. L.. 1988. M. 1994. H. “Already Punished Enough”. vol.. Allen & Unwin. M. 18. “Why Punish the Deserving?”. 1983. J. vol. Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. C. “Justifying Desert Claims: Desert and Opportunity”. D. Hart. 1992. vol. 1990. Oxford University Press. Hudson. Oxford University Press.. Punishment. Political Philosophy. D.. 1992. “Is Drunk Driving a Serious Offence?”. 1989. Justice through Punishment. Hill. Husak. oxford. 26. “Entitled to Clemency: Mercy in the Criminal Law”. 1967. Holmgren. in Ashworth. H. New York.

N. J. Kershnar. Rendtorff. S. Lempert. A. 2000. vol. 1982. M. D. Criminology.). “The Hardness of Hard Treatment”. “Just Ethical Punishment”. N. M. 1987. J.. F. Lyons. International Journal of Applied Philosophy. Macmillan Publishing Company. O.. 1977.. S. J. 6. R.. Great Britain. The Hague.. no. H. Oxford University Press. and Johansen. 51. 1971. Philosophy. “The Concept of Desert”. Kahan. . Kellogg. Clarendon Press. On Justice. New York. and Wasik. vol. “Punishment Incommensurability”. 15... 1998. M.. Lacey. “Dignity”. Routledge. vol. vol. (eds. vol. State Punishment. “Objections to the Systematic Imposition of Punitive Torture”. J. in Ashworth. “Is There a Tension Between Autonomy and Dignity?”. Journal of Value Inquiry.). 16.. 1998.. 1. 1974. 1981. (eds. 2000. 1. Khatchadourian. 1976. Copenhagen. Rhodos. vol. Michigan Law Review. and Johansen. H. Lucas. 1973. Buffalo Criminal Law Review. “From Retribution to Desert”.. N.. Oxford. Criminal Justice. Ethics.. Kleinig. Kemp. Oxford. “George Sher’s Theory of Deserved Punishment. N. 84. 1997. Kolnai. in Kemp. 2. J. Kleinig. Lacey. no... (eds. P. “Desert and Deterrence: An Assessment of the Moal Bases of the Case for Capital Punishment”.. R. J.. 8. 3. M. 1999. Blame and Punishment. S. Bioethics and Biolaw. 13. Punishment and Desert. American Philosophical Quarterly.. A. and the Victimized Wrongdoer”. vol. Social Theory and Practice.BIBLIOGRAPHY 207 Kadish. Rendtorff. H.. vol. 1988. no. Kershnar. Kuhse. 23. no. 1990.). vol. Martinus Nijhoff. 79. W. 1994. Kleinig. “Deterrent theory and Punishment of the Innocent”. P.

“Morality and the Retributive Emotions”. W. 1989. Criminal Justice Ethics. M. in Acton... Moore. Spelman. 1999. M. United States of America. McCloeksy. “Is Retributivism Inconsistent Without Lex Talionis?”. “Justifying Retributivism”.. Oxford.. Punishment and Political Theory. Mackie. 8. . vol.. vol.). “A Non-utilitarian Approach to Punishment”. S. A. Maclagan. Inquiry. W. J. vol. 20. J. B. M. J. 32.. H. H. “Restitution and Punishment : A Reply to Barnett”. vol. “Death and the Value of Life”. 1993. Dangerous Offenders. M. 1939. McCloskey. McMahan. “Choice. and Excuse”. Moore. 1990. Journal of Social Philosophy.. W. D. vol. “Punishment and Retribution”. G. S. Ethics. Harvard University Press. Mitias. Ethics. vol. M. Moberly... 88. and Self-Control”. vol. 1982. 1999. Estrich... S. 1983. “Dignity . McCloskey. 14. J.208 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Mabbott. 99. Rights. Moore. J. 1984. 1988. H... “The Complexity of the Concepts of Punishment”. 1963.. vol. “A Note on Utilitarian Punishment”. Revista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto. Winter/Spring. H. 27. Character. vol. 72. Faber and Faber. (ed. Meyer. American Philosophical Quarterly. 1965. 99. F. Israel Law Review. Martin.. Ethics. (ed. in Matravers. “Punishment”.. Death and Modern Virtue”. 37. Philosophy. L. M. M. vol. Matravers. vol. 1989. Social Philosophy and Policy.. 1962. 1978.”’What to Say?’: The Communicative Element in Punishment and Moral Theory”. J. J.. 1969. 1968. 1995. G. The Ethics of Punishment. Philosophy.. R. H. D. Matravers. 60.. Hart Publishing. Mind. Meyer. Miller. vol.. M. H.). 7. R. “Justifying Punishment and the Problem of the Innocent”. J. London. McGillis. “Dignity.

N.. 1985. in Mortal Questions. P. Cambridge. London.). “Punishment and Desert”. Morris. in Leith. “Predictions of Dangerousness”. Forgiveness and Mercy. Cambridge University Press. 2. H. G. N. 209 Morison. Narayan. 1969. M. Mundle.. Murphy. N. T. . Oxford University Press. in Murphy. and Miller. 1990. T. Oxford. New York. W. The University of Chicago Press. 13. 1979. (eds.. Murphy. J. H. Murphy. Between Prison and Probation. “Three Mistakes about Retributivism”. vol. Routledge. “Persons and Punishment”. J. N. Crime and Justice. United States of America. Placing Blame. and Tonry.. Reidel. vol. M. Analysis. Cambridge. J. 1974. Morris. Nagel..). J. Morris. 1979. 1988. and Therapy. The Future of Imprisonment. 2. vol.. P. Morris... Madness and Criminal Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies. in Acton.. vol. New York.. “Death”. Cambridge University Press. 1968. 1982. U. 1993. Murphy. 1997. A. and Ashworth. 52. Dordrecht. United States of America. N. Philosophy and Public Affairs. G. Clarendon Press.. Morris. K. “Cruel and Unusual Punishments”. The View from Nowhere. no.. G. J. G. M. B. “Marxism and Retribution”. G. Justice. The Jurisprudence of Orthodoxy. S. 1973. (eds. 1978. C. A. G. Nagel.. 6. J...BIBLIOGRAPHY Moore. and Ingram.). “Appropriate Responses and Preventive Benefits: Justifying Censure and Hard Treatment in Legal Punishment”. J. Murphy. in von Hirsch.. (ed. 1989. The University of Chicago Press. Morris. 1971. “Incapacitation within limits”. Monist.. 1986. Retribution. 1998.. “Hart’s Excuse: Problems with a Compromise Theory of Punishment”. Oxford University Press.

Cambridge. 1989. A. Rainbolt. 61. vol. “Intending and Foreseeing Death: Potholes on the Road to Hell”. “Utilitarianism and Punishment of the Innocent”. The Journal of Philosophy. 86. Justifying Legal Punishment. vol. (eds. Norcross. Ethics. B. “Utilitarianism and Self-sacrifice of the Innocent”. 1955. H. 1999. Rawls. H. R. vol. Primoratz. A. L. Primoratz.. Oxford. 1985. Philosophical Explanations. “Two Concepts of Rules”. vol. Revista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diretto.. J. in LaFollette. 15. 1986.. 1984.). and Blizek. Ethics in Practice. Quinton.”Mercy: In Defence of Caprice”. Harvard University Press. “On Retributivism and the Lex Talionis”. M. 1975.. L. Analysis. 48.. 1978. vol. “Punishment and Desert”. in Acton. I.. Humanities Press International. Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto. Rachels. “Are Questions of Desert Decidable?”. Nozick... Philips. “An Explanation of Retribution”. Pincoff. 1997. I.. “Punishment as Language”.. 1988. London. “The Whole Life View of Criminal Desert”. 1981. Philosophy. B. 31. Nous. (ed. I. 1977.). Blackwell. vol. Oldenquist. “On Punishment”. J. C. W. vol. I. Parent. 2.. A.). M. Philosophical Studies. vol 56.. 64.. 1. 38. 1980.210 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Nino. vol. 64.. Philosophical Review. Primoratz. Southwest Philosophy Review. I. “The Inevitability of Punishing the Innocent”. 15. “On some arguments against the retributive theory of punishment”. vol. . E. no. (ed. Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto. “Does Consent Override Proportionality?”.. Primoratz. in Cederblom. G. 1989. 1969.. I. S. no. J. 1997. W. 1979 Primoratz. Primoratz. Philosophy and Public Affairs.

“The Expressionist Theory of Punishment and the Problem of Fallible Communication”.). Civilization. J.BIBLIOGRAPHY 211 Reiman... P. 1. 1995. “Can Retributivists Support Legal Punishment?”. disparity.. S. A.. “Utilitarianism and the Punishment of the Innocent: The Origins of a False Doctrine”. vol. W. 1990. Roark. Reiman. Readings in Philosophy and Science Studies. (eds. 1995. Rosen. Israel Law Review. 2. 9. Robinson. in Duff. the Death Penalty.. J. Dordrecht. and Darley. J. . “Justice. no. J. 1999.. P. vol. vol. Giving Desert Its Due.. “Desert.. vol. H.. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy.. Social Philosophy and Policy. 1. Robinson. M. in Blomberg. and van den Haag. H. 1997. J. and units of punishment”. H.). P. 2. E. and Horribleness: Reply to Davis”. vol. D. Reidel. Dobash. 1995.). R.. and the Death Penalty: Answering van den Haag”. Ryberg. E. Dobash R.. 16. Robinson. Schedler. (eds.. 1980. 1987. G. “Social Justice and the Problem of Punishment”. “The Death Penalty. 66. Theory and Practice. P. no. The Monist. 1. Robinson. F. S. Justice. vol. Westview Press. vol. P. 25. Reiman. H. 1991. 7. Marshall. Northwestern University Law Review. R. vol. Rothman. no. A. 1995. 63. J. vol. 1987. and the Limits of Human Judgment”. 1985. “A Sentencing System for the 21st Century?”. United States of America.. no. Texas Law Review.. 82. Multiple Offending and Legal Justice”. crime control. “Recidivism.. “Retribution.. Ryberg. G. “On the Common Saying that it is Better that Ten Guilty Persons Escape than that One Innocent Suffer: Pro and Con”. Utilitas. 13. vol. J. “Hybrid Principles for the Distribution of Criminal Sanction”. P. in Simmons et al (eds. and Cohen. 2001. International Journal of Applied Philosophy. T. 1990. Deterrence. 36. Liability & Blame. Sadurski. 2001 Sadurski. W. “More of the Same: American Criminal Justice Policies in the 1990s”.

F.. Character.. Skillen. . vol.. and Wolfgang.). 1996. A. (eds. United States of America. Princeton University Press. M. vol.. Beitz. vol.. E. M. Cohen. S. 1978. vol. J.. “Davis. 15. L. vol. 1997. J. 1983. 1978. Dover Publication (republication of the 1907 edition). Sidgwick. and smith. Punishment. Desert.... Ethics. Unfair Advantage Theory.. T. “Constructing a Theory of Punishment. Cohen. New Jersey. The Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence. A. Gardner. and Criminal Desert”. 93. Sher. United States of America. Princeton. J. vol. P. G. A. J. E. 55.. Responsibility. C. Law and Philosophy. E. 1987.. T. Scheid. G.. 1990. “Further Explorations in the Scaling of Penalties”. A. Philosophy. H. Just Deserts. in Simester. 23. 1995. 1979. and the Emotions.. “Davis and the Unfair-Advantage Theory of Punishment: A Critique”. 1980. D. P. D. Cambridge University Press. “Kant’s Retributivism”. 14. 18. “How to Say Things with Walls”. and Horder. The Measurement of Delinquency. Desert. A. United States of America. vol. Princeton University Press. Simester. J. 1987. The Methods of Ethics. Harm and Culpability. (eds. Sebba. D. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.212 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Schoeman. T. Simmons.. Singer. Philosophical Topics. A. Scheid. Sebba. 1995. and Smith. “Some Explorations in Scaling of Penalties”.). Clarendon Press. E. Simester. 1984. 1966. H. (eds. Shute. New York. D. Ballinger Publishing Company. Clarendon Press. 1993. L. Sellin.). P. Oxford. and Nathan. The British Journal of Criminology. “Why Distinguish Intention from Foresight?”. E.. 1996. Scheid.. Oxford. 10. Patterson Smith. and the Distribution of Punishments”. Action and Value in Criminal Law.). A. (eds. G. Scheid.

A. Beware of Punishment. E. R. A. Genn. and Ashworth. 14. “Interchangeability. and Hatlestad. parsimony. Akademitryck AB. Tonry.. C. Sprigge. vol. A. C.). Butterworth. M.. 18. United States of America.. 1997.). London. and Laszlo. 1976. “Utilitarianism and the ‘Punishment’ of the Innocent: The General Problem”. (eds. Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Times. 1996.. 1991. Hill and Wang. Tonry. vol. A. C. Snare. in Duff. 1965.. B. Sparks. J. Law. Tonry. Clarendon Press. Cambridge University Press.). Utilitarianism: For and Against. R. Smart. “A Utilitarian Reply to Dr. Analysis.. J. “Retributive Justice and Prior Offences”... Wiley.. vol. 8. United States of America. (eds. R.. 1995. Doing Justice. K. and interchangeability of punishments”. D. 1977. 1979. Oxford University Press. in Gotesky. Dobash R. J. 1998. Tapper. Spiegelberg.). 1990. Tonry. 1973. M. Proof and Punishment. J. Morality and Rights.. New York. (ed. M.. von Hirsch. H and Dodd. Crime. C. F. Stewart. M. 1995. T. 1987. Tonry. “Utilitarianism and Punishment”. “Human dignity: A Challenge to Contemporary Philosophy”. M. (eds. Surveying Victims.). E.BIBLIOGRAPHY 213 Smart. S. S. Reidel. 1986. Stuart. J. New York. S. L.. oxford. 1998. 1991. Inquiry. 50. M. M. A. Scandinavian Studies in Criminology. “Proportionality . C. vol. Sentencing Matters. vol. 1996.. Guilt and Punishment.. Sweden. Marshall. Dobash. Crime and Punishment. (ed. 1970. The Handbook of Crime and Punishment. R.). Isreal Law Review. A.. Cambridge.. Crime. J. Dordrecht. in von Hirsch. . Desert Limits and Equivalence of Function”. H.. Ten. 25. (ed. Smilansky. McCloskey”. D. Tamburrini. Oxford University Press.. and Williams. L. Oxford. University Press.. H. Philosophical Forum.

The Sentencing Commission and Its Guidelines.).. von Hirsch. in Schoeman. A. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies. A. 1987 von Hirsch.. 1989.. 11. von Hirsch. vol.. A. J. A.. A. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies. 1991. vol.. “Scaling Intermediate Punishments: A Comparison of Two Models”. A. 11. 65. Rutgers University Press. .. 1986..214 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT von Hirsch. Israel Law Review. J. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. “Punishments in the Community and the Principles of Desert”. “Gauging Criminal Harm: A Living-Standard Analysis”. (ed. von Hirsch. A... 1991. vol. 74.. “Desert and Previous Convictions in Sentencing”. 20. Northwestern University Law Review. M.). and Ashworth. M. Lurigio. Knapp. J. vol. von Hirsch. 1981. and Jareborg. and Jareborg.. von Hirsch. A. 1992.. and M. Rutgers Law Review.. “Deservedness and Dangerousness in Sentencing Policy”. . “Criminal Record Rides Again”. vol. Forum Verlag Godesberg. N. von Hirsch and Jareborg. New Brunswick.. Northeastern University Press. J. N. Crime and Justice.. 1992. A. 1987. K.. 16. Strafmass und Strafgerechtigheit. von Hirsch. 1983. vol. 12. “Provocation and Culpability”.. A. in Byrne. N. “Proportionality in the Philosophy of Punishment: From “Why Punish?” to “How Much?””. 1987. and Green. “Not Not Just Deserts: A Response to Braithwaite and Pettit”. Wasik. Criminal Justice Ethics. A.. Past and Future Crimes. 82. 1985. Germany. von Hirsch. A. Minnesota Law Review.. A. vol. A. 25. vol. “Hybrid Principles in Allocating Sanction: A Reply to Professor Robinson”. A. 1991. A. “Proportionality in the Philosophy of Punishment”. von Hirsch. 1991. (eds. Boston. von Hirsch. and Petersilia. von Hirsch. F. von Hirsch.. Criminal Law Review. vol. 1991. A. A. Tonry. von Hirsch. “Commensurability and Crime Prevention: Evaluating Formal Sentencing Structures and Their Rationale”.

Walker. Hart Publishing. Why Punish?. Oxofrd. “Desert and Previous Convictions”. and von Hirsch.. Walker. M. 51. “Should Punishment Fit The Crime?”. in Blomberg. 1997. 1998 von Hirsch. Dobash. 1996. A. A. (eds. Principled Sentencing. “Sentencing reform: its goals and prospects”. (eds. Oxford University Press.. A. 1999...Unintentionally”. 1993. 1998. R. no. Oxford. “Penal Theories”. R. Punishment.. 74. A. Guidance or Guidelines?. H. (ed. 1998. vol.. Clarendon Press. von Hirsch. Oxford. Vol..). 1992. and Ashworth. E. Censure and Sanctions. A. in von Hirsch and Ashworth. “Punishing the Innocent . 1991. A. 1995. “Modern Retributivism”. vol. in Duff. Marshall. Criminal Law Review. (eds. Wertheimer. 1980. P.). S. N. Oxford. A. 1998. Danger. in von Hirsch. von Hirsch. 1992. T.. in Gross.). N. “Legislating the Transcendendal: von Hirsch’s Proportionality”. (eds. Wertheimer. . A. N.). 1987. (eds. Manchester. Severity and the Living Standard”. K. A. Inquiry. von Hirsch.. “Even More Varieties of Retribution”. 1988.. S. “Extending the Harm Principle: ‘Remote’ Harms and Fair Imputation”. Social Theory and Practice. vol. A. 215 von Hirsch. 3. A... and Pease. M. and Cohen.. and Stigma. 1994 von Hirsch.. Walker. A. A. Blackwell. A. Wasik. “The Future of Proportionate Sentencing”.. A.. in Simester.. N. “Non-Custodial Penalties and the Principles of Desert”. A. Dobash. and Harrison.. Walker. “Seriousness. Wasik. M. R. von Hirsch. Cambridge Law Journal. in Tonry. G. 4.). and Ashworth. and Smith.BIBLIOGRAPHY von Hirsch. P.. Walker.). A. N. T. 1975. no. (eds.. 20. R. A. Sentencing Reform. Philosophy.). 3.

1994.216 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Williams. (eds. Cambridge.. Cambridge University Press. vol. 1994.).. A. 57. B. 1973. Zimring. “Reparation and Retribution: Are They Reconcilable?”. Modern Law Review. Zedner. in Problems of the Self. in Duff. L. and Garland. F.. “Making Punishment Fit the Crime: A Consumer’s Guide to Sentencing Reform”. . R. D. “The Macropulos Case: Reflections on the Tedium of Immortality”.

201 Brownsword. 150. R. 204 . A. 158ff. 63f. 93. 13ff. 201 Brandt. M. 175ff Feinberg. 38f. 199f. M. 78. 169ff. 33f. E. 142f. A. B. P. 201 Buchner. 163. 10. 93. 141ff. 28ff. C. 156. R. 202 Clarkson. M. 169. 55. 126. 50. 36. 45ff. 57. D. 167f. E. 210 censure 21. 71ff. 180. 24. 152. 6f. 184 217 Cohen. 151. M. 197f. 141. 38. 143. A. 25. 214 Brownless. 142. 144. 10. 50f. 59 Byrne. 10. 169. 125. 71ff. 97. 200 Benn. 15. 53. 202 condemnation 20. 152. 19. D. 56. 12. 95ff. 93. 199 anchor problem 7. 36.INDEX Acton. 73. 15. K. 114. 199 Alexander. 4. Clark. 14ff. 39. 48. 120. 91ff. W. B. 48. 201 burglary 13. 127. 130ff. 110ff. A. 106. 99. 51. M. 22f. 32. 208 Adams. 98. 199. 111. 170f. 30ff. 182. 78. 56. T. 191ff culpability 6. 83f. 5. 164. 19. 189 Calvert. 182. 209. 203 Durham III. 98. M. 200 Belliotti. 21. 138ff. 124. 184. 53. 15. 10. 201 Bottoms. J. 96. 194 Bagaric. 90ff. 188. 96. 203 Dunbar. 22. 54ff. C. 11f. 217 Cooper. 213ff attempts 50. 200 Bennett. 54. R. 66. 10ff. 201 Cederblom. 25ff. I. S. 173. E. 68ff. J. 12f. 109. I. 204 Erikson. 151f. 80. 217 Cohen. M. R. H. 201 Braithwaite. 124ff. 201 Burgh. 182. 55. L. 180. 18f. 135ff. 54. J. 123. 115. 187. 87ff. 10. 201. 180. 103. J. 83. 25f. G. 179 Ezorsky. 75ff. 153. 208 Bayles. 30f. 12. 12. 19ff. 204 fairness theory 6. 120. 123. 214 cardinal proportionality 13f. J. J. 199. 76f. 120. 151f. 202 Darley. 114. R. 202 draconian punishment 143f Duff. 43. 197. 24ff. J. 201 Bentham. 137ff. B. 53. 202 desert 3ff. I. 21. 159. 177. A. E. 147ff. 28ff. R. A. 199 Armstrong. 38. 174 Ellis. 148 Dolinko. 53. 166ff. 101ff. 99. W. 125. 45. 188. G. 189. 36ff. J. 168 expressionism 6. 77. 120. 201. 93. 85. 10. 39. 158f. 120. H. 206 excuses 27. G. 44ff. 132. M. 99. 53. A. 197. J.199 Arneson. K. 95f. 143ff. 160. H. 93. 114. 40ff. 202 Davis. 70. J. 190 Anscombe. 200 Bedau. 202 Cragg. 200 Barnett. 203 Dworkin. 63. 143f. 131ff. L. S. R. 147. G. 129ff. 200. 142ff. 200f. 87. A. 199 Arenella. L. 61. 87. 68. G. 8. 204 Ewing. 120. 202f crime 2ff. 185 Dagger. 51ff. D. 96f. G. 181. R. 125f. C. 182 Ashworth. 202 Davis. 200 Baldwin. 40. 201 Blomberg. 180. 194f deterrence 12. 182. 196 dignity 7. R. 167ff. 108. 202 Cottingham. 55ff. 200 Beccaria. 10. 149. 59. 82. 19. T. 153. 184ff. 75. 10.

207 Kemp. 206 Hill. 93. 4f. A. 55. 207 Lacey. 209 Murphy. 117ff Meyer. 205 Harrison. M. 112f. 50. R. 14 individualization 188 intention 66. 152. 210 Oldenquist. 210 Nozick. G. H. 205 Hampton. 156. 197. B. R. G. C. 87. 206 Hestevold. W. 20f. 123. 70f. G. J. 127. D. 22. 24. 209 Nagel. 72. 209 Narayan. 209 Mundle. 206 Hudson. T. 193. 47. 158. 83ff. 40. 48. 37. 182. 133 Jacobs. H. 204 Frankel. 149. 203 Glover. 204 Freeman. 120. 135ff. 37. 42. J. 45. 208 Morison. 13. F. 208 Mitias. 152. 199. 116. K. 96. M. H. J. M. 5. 69ff. 206 Hinton. 208 McMahan. 58. M. 158. A. J. 192. 198. 148 Harlow. S. 207 Kellogg. N. 51. 180. 129f. P. 133.218 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT Kadish. 05 Lucas. 15. 124. N. A. R. 10. 84. 15. R. 205 Gerstein. 205 Hart. 197. E. 66. 181. 158 Nino. 34f. 207 Khatchadourian. 208 mercy 7. 194. D. G. R. 84. H. 23f. 208 Mackie. 96. 125. 210 Fine 2. 209 Nathan. 107. 185 Finnis. 207 Kant. R. 161. 208 Moore. 133. H. 29ff. 207 Kolnai. A. J. 54. R. I. 168. 204 Fried. S. 120. 167. 111. 210 Norcross. 14. 53. 50. 205 Gibbs. 137. 206 just deserts 3. 205 Golash. 202. F. 60ff. W. J. 206 Jareborg. H. 207 Mabbott. 121. 56. 204 Frase. 116. 56. L. N. 205 harm 6. 201 Holmgren. 208 Miller. J. 206 Husak. 35. 46. 207 Kuhse. 116. 162ff intermediate sanction 101. 155. 54. 20. 206 hybrid theories 7. 10. 75. J. 64. 156f. 12. F. 170. L. 68. D. 68. 130. 161. 131. 207 Kershnar. 204 Galligan. 121. S. 44ff. 168 Moberly. 151. 81f. 207 lex talionis 14. 207 Kleinig. U. J. 78. 202. 134. M. 206 Honderich. H. J. 96f. 72. J. 209 Morris. 312. M. C. R. W. 152. C. 2. 155. 208 mitigation 72. J. 209 Morris. R. A. 204 Gardner. 205 Goldman. 197. 65ff78. 206 Johnson. P. 178. 49f. 127. J. 56. 151. 186f . 10. 121. M. 208 McCloskey. 134ff. W. O. 205 Griset. H. 187 justice: criminal 4. 44. 77. 208 Martin. 36f. D. 181. R. 49f. H. 4. 177. T. 73. N. 151. 66ff. 6. M. D. 148 living-standard 61f. 19. 101ff. 5. 88. 155 Kahan. A. 205 Gross. 296 Fletcher. 163. 13. H. 137f. J. 42. S. 121. 125. 188. A. J. W. 22. 110. E. 113. A. 212 negligence 69. 61ff. 125ff. A. C. 170. 180. S. 107. 181. 206 Hegel. 117. J. E. L. 169 justice: social 7. S. 199. T. 120. S. 205 Gotesky. G. 124. 207 Lyons. 207 Lempert. 208 Maclagan. 119. 208 Matravers. 95.

125. 33. 215 Tonry. 53. 212 Schoeman. P. 104. 133. 60. L. M. 211 Rosen. 161. G. G. 110. 114. 69f. 92. 211 Saduski. 210 reform 4. 54. 124. 45. 56. 44. 142ff. A. 1126. 105. 123. 49. 90. A. 213 tax evasion 43. I. 170. 210 poena naturalis 51f. 95. 28f. 146 Ten. 125. 213 Stuart. 39f. 69. M. A. 213 Smilansky. 107ff. W. 211 Scheid. 212 Simester. 77. J. M. 131f. 25ff. 30. 157.INDEX ordinal proportionality 13f. 114 Primoratz. 190. 106. 114. 44. C. 119. see justice Sparks. 127ff. E. S. 112. J. 18. 199. H. 213 Snare. 20. L. 127f. 184. 157. 49. 76. 141 treatment 3. 192 penance 23ff Pettit. 138f. 211 Ryberg. 12. 213 Stewart. 14. 95. principle of 4. 79. 194. 106. 125. 53. 140. 137 143f . A. 108. H. 187. 180. 52. 126. 184 Singer. P. 142f. J. 48ff.E. 185 retributivism 4ff. 194f. 131. L. 59. 213 torture 89. J. 187f. 36. 185 responsibility: character theory 72ff. 97. 176. 124. 213 Tapper. 213 Smart. 213 Spiegelberg. 160. J. 111. 211 remote harms 164ff. 84. F. 19. J. 210 Rainbolt. 210 Rachels. R. 54. 173ff. 206. 77. 136. 195 Roark. 171f. 21f. G. 209. 149. 178. 113. 185. A. 116. 40ff. H. 68. 212 Sebba. F. 188 seriousness of crime 59f. 152f. 213 Sprigge. S. 204. 155ff. 147ff. J. 128. W. 101f. 212 Skillen. 17. 15. 192. 212 Shute. of innocents 44. 93. 130. 59. choice theory 72ff. 126f. 131. 110. 128 Rawls. 65. 80. 211 sanction. P. 36. 147ff punishment: capital 156f. 33. 14ff. 189ff Parent. S. M. J. 46. 91f. 44ff. 211 Rothman. 33. justification of 19f. 30f. 126. 157 severity of punishment 13. 178. J. 34 prevention 7. 201. 213 Tamburrini. 84. 113. 212 sensibility 102ff. A. 212 Sellin. 85. 123. 22. 137. 101f. 186 sentencing system 4. 209. 164. see punishment 219 Schedler. F. 159. 110. 212 Pincoff. 211 Robinson. T. 77. I. 186 Sher. D. P. J. 39f. 104f. 196 rehabilitation 3. 212 Simmons. 23f. 35. 189 Quinton. 86. 165. 125. 192. P. D. 22. 212 Singer. 187 proportionality: departures from 19. C. M. T. 176. 202. G. 188 Reiman. 92. 59. 51. 185. 30f. 52. 23. 212 Sidgwick. 27f. 57. 157. 190ff. 141. 11f. 53. 205. 12. C. 175. 212 simple desert theory 6. C. 55. 13. 167. 95. 86. 210 principled sentencing 87. 210 rape 13. L. 76. H. 127. 95. A. D. 210 parity condition 33. 180 Philips. 213 social justice. 93. justification of 24. A. 46. 12. 157. 212 Smart. 121. 199.

216 Zedner. B. see fairness theory utilitarianism 13. 215 Wasik. 65ff. 213f Walker. 44ff victims 61. N. 56. 180. 171. 80ff. 21ff. 203. 44 von Hirsch. E. 216 Wolfgang. F. 158. 11. 167f. A. 78. 107. 148. 61ff. 216 . A.F. 215 Williams. L. 214 Wertheimer.220 THE ETHICS OF PROPORTIONATE PUNISHMENT unfair advantage theory. M. 216 Zimring. 201. 205. J. 104. 186. 86. 29ff. 60. 213. 76. M. 137. A. 158. 104f. M. 78f. 142ff. 200. 185 Voltaire. 110. 123.

C. 6. 16. Essays on Population Ethics.): Imperceptible Harms and Benefits. W. 7. Ryberg: The Ethics of Proportionate Punishment. 4. 13.A. van Willigenburg (eds. 2002 ISBN 1-4020-0984-4 H. A Critical Investigation.): Moral Responsibility and Ontology. Dyke (ed. 2004 ISBN 1-4020-2553-X KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS – DORDRECHT / BOSTON / LONDON . 2001 ISBN 0-7923-7167-4 M. Slors (eds. Patient Autonomy in Ethical Theory and Hospital Practice. 3. Gore Forrester: Moral Beliefs and Moral Theory. Corlett: Responsibility and Punishment. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6093-1 G. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6464-3 J. Liberty. 2004 ISBN 1-4020-2472-X J. T¨ annsj¨ o (eds. 2002 ISBN 1-4020-0764-7 C. 2002 ISBN 1-4020-0916-X M. Postow: Reasons for Action. 5. van Haaften. In Defense of Ayer and Stevenson. 10. and Law. G. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4874-5 W. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-5066-9 J. 11. Kantian Essays in Theory and Practice.): Personal and Moral Identity. van den Beld (ed. 2002 ISBN 1-4020-0687-X A.W. Schermer: The Different Faces of Autonomy. B. Ryberg and T.): Reflective Equilibrium. Richter: Ethics After Anscombe. 1999 ISBN 0-7923-5700-0 D. Wilks: Emotion. Essays in Honour of Robert Heeger. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-5275-0 B. 8. 2. Truth and Meaning. O. Murphy: Character.J.): The Good Life as a Public Good. Lagerspetz: Trust: The Tacit Demand. Post "Modern Moral Philosophy". Musschenga. 2003 ISBN 1-4020-1312-4 J. 15.LIBRARY OF ETHICS AND APPLIED PHILOSOPHY 1. den Hartogh (ed. 12. 9. Spiecker and M. 14. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6167-9 T. van der Burg and T.): The Repugnant Conclusion. Almeida (ed. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6255-1 M.): Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful