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They are always given in the exercise formulation. 2) You don´t have to insert the units in the answer box. Just the number. 3) If you want to put decimals, use the period "." symbol. 4) Some of the answers involve powers of 10. For example, one exercise may ask you for the photon flux in 1021m−2s−1. If you answer is, for

4.5∗1021m−2s−1, you will just need to insert in the answer box "4.5". If, on the other hand, your answer is 4.5∗1020m−2s−1, you will need to insert "0.45".

example, For this assignment, you may have to apply some of the useful constants and/or formulas provided here: Download the Constants and Formulas

2. 1.1

(3 points possible) We are going to build a PV system on a roof of possible PV modules: (1) A first generation module with efficiency

10m2, and we have two

η=17% and cost of 0.80€/Wp. (2) A second generation PV module with efficiency η=10% and cost of 0.40€/Wp. The non-modular costs are 100€/m2. Assume that the rooftop enjoys an irradiance of 1000W/m2.

What is the cost in € of implementing a PV system for the entire roof using first generation technologies?

you may not need the whole roof First generation technologies options have the same cost Second generation technologies Both DelftX: ET3034TUx Solar Energy 1. 5. 2.) 700Wp. Dashboard for: muhammadshafiq69 2. 3. which will be the most cost effective option? (Note that for meeting the power demand. Courseware. MORE OPTIONS DROPDOWN ▾ Help 1. 6. current location Course Info Discussion Progress Syllabus Lectures Updates Week 1: Introduction 1.What is the cost in € of implementing a PV system for the entire roof using second generation technologies? If the power demand is area. 4.1 General introduction to the course and the edX platform . 7.

current section Homework due Oct 07.2 Energy Conversion 1.Pre-questionnaire 1. 2. . 2013 at 11:30 UTC Previous 1.4 History of Solar Energy 1.6 Solar Light Assignment .3 Photovoltaics 1.5 Status and prospects of PV Technology 1.

3) If you want to put decimals.5∗1020m−2s−1. They are always given in the exercise formulation.5". Just the number. Before answering numerical exercises. 4) Some of the answers involve powers of 10. you will need to insert "0. 5. For example. use the period ". you will just need to insert in the answer box "4. REMEMBER: 1) Note the units in which you have to introduce your answer. For this assignment.45". on the other hand. you may have to apply some of the useful constants and/or formulas provided here: Download the Constants and Formulas 2. your answer is 4.3." symbol.. 4. If you answer is. 2) You don´t have to insert the units in the answer box. example. If.. Next 1. .80€/Wp.5∗1021m−2s−1. and we have two η=17% and cost of 0.1 (1/3 points) We are going to build a PV system on a roof of possible PV modules: (1) A first generation module with efficiency 10m2. for 4. one exercise may ask you for the photon flux in 1021m−2s−1. 1.

Total cost = PV module costs + Non modular costs = €2360 . Non modular costs = €100/m2×10m2=€1000 . What is the cost in € of implementing a PV system for the entire roof using first generation technologies? 470 470 2360 EXPLANATION Irradiance = PV Area = 1000W/m2 . 10m2 Module efficiency Total PV output = PV module costs = η=17% 1000W/m2×17%×10m2=1700W 1700W×€0. The non-modular costs are 100€/m2. .8/Wp=€1360.(2) A second generation PV module with efficiency η=10% and cost of 0. Assume that the rooftop enjoys an irradiance of 1000W/m2.40€/Wp. What is the cost in € of implementing a PV system for the entire roof using second generation technologies? 400 .

which will be the most cost effective option? (Note that for meeting the power demand. 10m2 Module efficiency Total PV output = PV module costs = η=10% 1000W/m2×10%×10m2=1000W 1000W×€0.8/Wp=€560 . If the power demand is area. .4/Wp=€400.400 1400 EXPLANATION Irradiance = PV Area = 1000W/m2 .) First generation technologies Status: correct Both options have the same cost EXPLANATION Second generation technologies 700Wp. you may not need the whole roof Power demand = 700W PV costs incurred under first generation technology: PVC1=700W×€0. Total cost = PV module costs + Non modular costs = €1400 . Non modular costs = €100/m2×10m2=€1000 .

3=2016GWh/day The percentage would be then: Wind(%)=2016GWh∗365days/year20200TWh/year∗100=3.6% The same question for solar energy. Assume a capacity factor for solar power of 15%. the energy produced by the wind power per day will be: E=280GW∗24h∗0. For example.EXPLANATION The capacity factor describes the percentage of time that the power installation is running at rated capacity over a certain period of time. Therefore. For example. a capacity of factor 50% means that the power plant will . a capacity of factor 50% means that the power plant will produce half the energy at rated capacity over a certain period. What percentage of the total electricity generation worldwide was covered by solar energy in 2012? 0. The world-wide installed solar power in 2012 was 102GW. Assume the same total electricity generation world-wide that was given in the previous question.66 EXPLANATION The capacity factor describes the percentage of time that the power installation is running at rated capacity over a certain period of time.

Therefore. the energy produced by the solar power per day will be: E=102GW∗24h∗0.4/Wp=€280 PV area required under first generation technology: A1=700W1000W/m2×17%=4.2GWh/day The percentage would be then: Solar(%)=367.12m2 PV area required under second generation technology: A2=700W1000W/m2×10%=7m2 Non modular costs under first generation technology: NMC1=€100/m2×A1=€412.2GWh∗365days/year20200TWh/year∗100=0.15=367.adjacent to each field) PV costs incurred under second generation technology: PVC2=700W×€0.produce half the energy at rated capacity over a certain period.66% Hide Answer(s)(for question(s) above . Non modular costs under second generation technology: NMC2=€100/m2×A2=€700. .

To illustrate this effect. the cost effectiveness of the systems laregely depends on the non modular costs per unit area of the system. the cost difference between the two technologies is quite small.4/Wp ). For the given technology costs ( €0. In the given example. students are encouraged to digress a bit to understand the impact of non modular costs on the system's cost effectiveness. first generation technology is more cost effective.Total costs under first generation technology: TC1=NMC1+PVC1=€972 Total costs under second generation technology: TC2=NMC2+PVC2=€980 Thus.8/Wp and €0. However. for the given set of conditions. efficiencies and the power demanded. . a graph has been drawn below which shows the total costs as a function of the Non Modular costs. An interesting aside: Note: This aside only gives a further insidght into the given problem and is not required to answer the above question.

As seen from this graph. the second generation technology based system is cheaper. below €97/m2 . Hide Answer(s)(for question(s) above . In the given problem. as the non modular cost per area is €100/m2 the first generation technology based system is more cost effective.adjacent to each field) You have used 1 of 1 submissions Previous Next Calculator Hints = 1. About .

some rights reserved. © 2013 edX. 4. 5. wherever there is Internet access. 3. public health. and artificial intelligence. EdX's free online MOOCs are interactive and subjects include computer science.2. Terms of Service and Honor Code Privacy Policy . Jobs Press FAQ Contact EdX is a non-profit created by founding partners Harvard and MIT whose mission is to bring the best of higher education to students of all ages anywhere in the world.

4 History of Solar Energy . 4.3 Photovoltaics 1. Dashboard for: muhammadshafiq69 2. 3. Courseware.1 General introduction to the course and the edX platform Pre-questionnaire 1. 2.2 Energy Conversion 1. 6.DelftX: ET3034TUx Solar Energy 1. 5. 7. MORE OPTIONS DROPDOWN ▾ Help 1. current location Course Info Discussion Progress Syllabus Lectures Updates Week 1: Introduction 1.

3 (1 point possible) The figure below shows a simplication of the AM1. 3. current section Homework due Oct 07. The spectral power density is divided in two spectral ranges: . 4. 2.5 solar spectrum. 1. 5. Next 1. 2013 at 11:30 UTC Previous 1.6 Solar Light Assignment .5 Status and prospects of PV Technology 1.1.

the irradiance can be calculated via the spectral power density as: I=∫λ0P(λ)dλ Calculate the irradiance in 1312.5 Wm−2 1000 .25∗109Wm−2m−1 for 1000nm<λ<2000nm As we saw in block 1.6.P(λ)=1∗109Wm−2m−1 for 250nm<λ<1000nm P(λ)=0.

25∗109∗(2000∗10−9−1000∗10−9) =750+250=1000W/m2 The photon flux can be calculated by integrating the spectral photon flux over a certain wavelength range: ϕ=∫λ0Φ(λ)dλ=∫λ0P(λ)λhcdλ Calculate the photon flux in 5.78 1021m−2s−1 4.25∗109dλ =1∗109∗(1000∗10−9−250∗10−9)+0.625∗10−34∗3∗ 108 =16.EXPLANATION Applying the given formula for irradiance: I=∫λ0P(λ)dλ=∫1000nm250nm1∗109dλ+∫2000n1000nm0.625∗10−34∗3∗108(1∗109(1000∗10−9)2−(250∗10−9)22+0.625∗10−34∗3∗108+∫2000nm1000nm0.2 EXPLANATION Applying the given formula for irradiance: ϕ=∫λ0Φ(λ)dλ=∫λ0P(λ)λhcdλ =∫1000nm250nm1∗109λ∗dλ6.2∗1021m−2s−1 Hide Answer(s)(for question(s) above .adjacent to each field) You have used 1 of 1 submissions .25∗109(2000∗10−9)2−(1000∗10−9)2 2 ) =4.25∗109λ∗dλ6.

public health. some rights reserved. 5. Previous Next Calculator Hints = 1. and artificial intelligence. EdX's free online MOOCs are interactive and subjects include computer science. 2. 3. About Jobs Press FAQ Contact EdX is a non-profit created by founding partners Harvard and MIT whose mission is to bring the best of higher education to students of all ages anywhere in the world. . wherever there is Internet access. 4. © 2013 edX.

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