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PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORT CONFIDENTIAL Client Information Name: RT Date of Birth: 8 August 1984 Gender: Female Assessment Information Evaluation Date: 11 September 2013 Test(s) Conducted: Weshler Adult Intelligence Scale – Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) Language Used: English Trainee Psychologist: Samantha Ng Date of Report: 14 September 2013
This report is written for the purpose of providing information for the understanding of the individual’s psychological needs. It is confidential and information is to be interpreted by a qualified psychologist. Due to developmental changes in individuals, the results of the assessment are applicable for approximately 24 months.
C.A.: 29 years 1 month Race: Chinese
REASON FOR REFERRAL: RT was referred to allow this trainee psychologist to practice administering the WAIS-IV.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: RT is a 29 year-old Chinese female. She is of average height with a muscular build. RT is single and lives with her parents and younger sister in a condominium in Choa Chu Kang. They speak a mix of English and Mandarin at home, and RT’s preferred language is English. RT works as an insurance underwriter. She studied Business at Nanyang Technological University and graduated with honours. RT said she enjoyed and had greater aptitude for math-related subjects in her years of study, and had to work much harder for the language subjects, particularly Mandarin. There was no significant medical or developmental history.
BEHAVIORAL OBSERVATIONS: RT was neatly groomed and was dressed in a blouse and jeans on the day of testing. She was cheerful and responsive when asked questions. RT showed no problems understanding the instructions given during the assessment. She was cooperative, maintained good eye contact, and displayed good attention and concentration throughout the session. She did not request for breaks and declined taking breaks when offered. Based on these observations, the results described below are likely to be a good representation of RT’s abilities.
S. educational. The analysis of RT’s scores is in relation to individuals within her age group in the U. Summary of the WAIS-IV Index Scores Index Verbal Comprehension Perceptual Reasoning Working Memory Processing Speed Full Scale IQ (FSIQ)* General Ability Iindex (GAI)* Standard Score 83 125 117 124 112 103 Percentile Rank 13 95 87 95 79 58 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) 78-89 118-130 109-123 113-130 108-116 98-108 Classification Low Average Superior High Average Superior High Average Average * Cannot be meaningfully interpreted Summary of the WAIS-IV sub-test scores Subtest Verbal Comprehension Index Similarities Vocabulary Information Perceptual Reasoning Index Block Design Matrix Reasoning Visual Puzzles Working Memory Index Digit Span Arithmetic Processing Speed Index Coding Symbol Search Age-Scaled-Score 4 6 11 15 14 14 12 14 13 16 Classification Far Below Average Below Average Average Above Average Above Average Above Average Average Above Average Above Average Superior . working memory.2 ASSESSMENT RESULTS: The WAIS-IV is an individually administered intelligence test comprising 10 core subtests and 5 supplemental subtests. and therefore should be interpreted with caution as RT has lived in Singapore all her life and her social. 4th edition of the WAIS. and cultural experiences may differ from that of individuals in the US. It provides an estimate of global intellectual functioning as well as estimates of RT's functioning in the areas of verbal comprehension. and processing speed. This report is based on the 2008. perceptual reasoning.
On the Information subtest. RT’s overall performance is classified in the High Average range and is equal to or higher than that of 79% of individuals her age. On the Similarities subtest. the individual is required to determine how two objects or concepts are alike. The FSIQ is derived from a combined sum of scaled scores from the Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI). this is not a meaningful interpretation as there was a significant difference between RT’s scores on the VCI and PRI. The VCI comprises the Similarities. RT may display difficulties reasoning when using language or verbal information. The GAI provides an alternative measure of general intellectual functioning. Lastly. The three core VCI subtests were administered. Vocabulary and Information core subtests. Working Memory Index (WMI). RT’s intellectual functioning is therefore better understood by her performance on the separate WAIS-IV Indexes. Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI). RT’s performance. However. The difficulties in interpreting RT’s FSIQ and GAI score can be attributed to her score on the VCI. On the Vocabulary subtest. RT obtained a FSIQ score of 112 on the WAIS-IV. and falls within the Low Average range. and the Comprehension supplemental subtest. based on the GAI. indicating a significant weakness in comparison with the other subtests of the VCI. As RT’s performance on the subtests that compose the VCI is quite variable. On the Similarities subtest. the individual is required to define words that are presented both visually and orally. as described in the following sections. which was significantly lower in relation to her scores on the other indexes. is classified in the Average range and is equal to or higher than that of 58% of individuals her age.3 Overall Intellectual Ability General intellectual functioning is usually best represented by the FSIQ. However. her VCI score should be interpreted with caution. In general. Verbal Comprehension The VCI is a measure of an individual’s ability to make sense of he has learnt and to express himself using words. and Processing Speed Index (PSI). It is derived from the sum of scaled scores from the VCI and PRI subtests. Despite having a basic . this is not a meaningful interpretation as there was significant variability in RT’s scores across the four Indexes. RT’s performance was Far Below Average. RT’s performance is equal to or higher than that of 13% of individuals her age. the Comprehension supplemental subtest requires the individual to express their understanding of general principles and social situations. and she may find it more challenging to make sense of complex verbal information and solve novel problems using words. The chances that her true score is between 78 and 89 are about 95 out of 100. RT’s VCI score was 83. which is less influenced by working memory and processing speed. RT’s derived GAI score was 103. This suggests that RT’s nonverbal reasoning abilities are much better developed than her verbal abilities. Questions from the VCI subtests are presented verbally and the tested individual is required to respond as such. The chances that her true score is between 108 and 116 are about 95 out of 100. the individual is required to answer questions that examine general knowledge. and the chances that her true score is between 98 and 108 are about 95 out of 100.
On the Matrix Reasoning subtest. This pattern of response was observed for both the Matrix Reasoning and Visual Puzzles subtests. RT was observed to persevere and think through each pattern before responding. The Picture Completion supplemental subtest requires the individual to identify the missing part of a given picture. and reported having enjoyed it. and mostly worked in a systematic “bottom-up” manner. organise. the individual chooses a response option to complete a matrix or series. She was able to complete all the items in the Block Design subtest quickly and accurately. and requires attention. On the Information subtest. and falls within the Superior range. Perceptual Reasoning The PRI is a measure of an individual’s natural problem-solving ability. RT’s performance on the PRI subtests indicates that she reasons significantly better on visually presented information than on verbal information. RT’s performance is equal to or higher than that of 95% of individuals her age. RT’s PRI score was 125. This implies that RT may find it easier to recall and articulate information in contexts that are more meaningful to her. the individual is required to choose an option of a specific weight which would balance a hypothetical scale. The tasks involved are non-verbal and the individual tested is required to respond by manipulating objects or pointing to pictures. On the Block Design subtest. and Visual Puzzles core subtests. The Visual Puzzles subtest requires the individual to select three response options that can be combined to reconstruct a given puzzle. and reasoning. Working Memory The WMI is a measure of an individual’s ability to retain. In comparison to her performance on the VCI.4 understanding of the words. which was a significant strength in comparison with the other subtests of the VCI. For the Figure Weights supplemental subtest. as well as the Figure Weights and Picture Completion supplemental subtests. but is adequately able to retrieve and verbalise the meanings of a more limited vocabulary. She answered tentatively and was mostly able to capture the meanings of the words from completed items. rather than responding verbally. RT is possibly not familiar with an extensive range of words. manipulate and recall information. Matrix Reasoning. RT’s performance was in the Average range. mental control. she struggled to categorize the information. On the Vocabulary subtest. The PRI comprises the Block Design. concentration. This implies that she may face challenges in linking accurately and forming verbal concepts. the individual is required to reconstruct a design with red-and-white coloured blocks while viewing a constructed picture. The WMI comprises the Digit Span and Arithmetic core subtests. and the Letter-Number Sequencing supplemental subtest. The chances that her true score is between 118 and 130 are about 95 out of 100. On the Digit Span subtest. The three core PRI subtests were administered. the individual is required to recall a series of . She displayed much interest in this subtest. RT’s score for each PRI subtest was Above Average. RT’s performance was Below Average.
For the LetterNumber Sequencing supplemental subtest. of which her responses were error-free. and the Cancellation supplemental subtest. the individual is required to recall a series of verbally presented numbers and letters. This implies that she has strong processing speed abilities to quickly and correctly scan. and applying learned concepts quickly and accurately. RT was also observed to concentrate well on all the tasks. the results from this assessment highlighted RT’s difficulties in recognizing relationships and expressing herself with a wide range of words. Processing Speed The PSI is a measure of how quickly an individual can think. and falls within the High Average range. and present the numbers in ascending order and the letters in alphabetical order. The Symbol Search subtest requires the individual to promptly identify the presence or absence of a target symbol within a group of five symbols. She demonstrated strengths on majority of the subtests. or discriminate simple visual information. In addition. The two core WMI subtests were administered. The chances that her true score is between 113 and 130 are about 95 out of 100. and apply knowledge that was presented visually. RT presents as an individual with well-developed nonverbal and mathematical skills. remembering information. RT’s WMI score was 117. The chances that her true score is between 109 and 123 are about 95 out of 100. and visual-motor (eye-hand) coordination. Based on her score and behavioural observations. On the coding subtest. and falls within the High Average range. attention. RT was also observed to work quickly on both the Symbol Search and Coding subtests. The Arithmetic subtest requires the individual to mentally solve a series of arithmetic problems. which is an advantage in RT’s job as an underwriter. For the Cancellation supplemental subtest. with the exception of those that required her to respond using words.5 verbally presented numbers forwards. This suggests that RT is able to process complex information quickly and accurately. The two core PSI subtests were administered. RT’s performance is equal to or higher than that of 95% of individuals her age. sequence. This is in line with RT’s observations that she used to find language subjects significantly more challenging. it is likely that RT is a fast learner and is able to work well under time pressure. These subtests require short-term visual memory. which is in accordance with what her WMI score suggests. RT’s performance is equal to or higher than that of 87% of individuals her age. The results from this assessment recognized her abilities in reasoning. and in a sequence. The PSI comprises the Symbol Search and Coding core subtests. RT’s PSI score was 124. the individual is required to identify and mark specific shapes within a given variety of shapes. Throughout the assessment. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS RT is a 29-year-old Chinese female who was referred for testing to allow this trainee psychologist to practice administering the WAIS-IV. . manipulate. the individual is required to write down corresponding symbols to the numbers 1 to 9 presented in the visual key. backwards.
6 Based on RT’s assessment results. _______________________ Samantha Ng Trainee Psychologist . Encourage writing and communicating using a wider range of words. 3. the following are recommended: 1. 2. Develop working vocabulary by reading more extensively. Continue using RT’s strengths to her advantage in the workplace context.