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Network Identity Parameter — BSIC

BSIC=NCC+BCC
In GSM system, each BTS is allocated with a color code, which is called BSIC. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC, In network planning, effort should be made to make sure that BCCH of neighbor cells different from the serving cell’s BCCH to reduce the interference. Practically it is still possible that a same BCCH is re-used in the surrounding cells. For cells using the same BCCH in a relevant near distance, their BSIC must be different so that MS can identify two neighbor cells with same BCCH. BSIC is transmitted on Synchronous Channel (SCH) of each cell. Its functions include: 1. If MS have read SCH, it is considered as being synchronous with that cell. But to correctly read the information on the downlink common signaling channel, MS must get TSC adopted by common signaling channel. According to GSM specification, TSC has eight fixed formats, which are represented by 0~7 respectively. TSC number adopted by common signaling channel of each cell is the BCC of this cell. So one of the functions of BSIC is to inform MS of the TSC adopted by the common signaling channel of this cell. 2. Since BSIC attends the coding process of information bit of random access burst, it can be used to avoid the case that BTS takes the RACH transmitted from MS in a neighbor cell as the access signal of the MS from the serving cell. 3. When MS is in dedicated mode, it must measure the BCCH level of the neighbor cell and report it to BTS according to BA2 on SACCH, including their respective BSIC. In special circumstance, when there are two or more cells using the same BCCH in the neighbor cells, BSC can rely on BSIC to distinguish these cells and avoid wrong handover or even handover failure. 4. MS must measure the BCCH signals of neighbor cells in dedicated mode, and report the result to the network. Since MS sends measurement report which contains contents of maximum 6 neighbor cells each time, it is necessary to control MS to merely report those cells that have neighbor relationships with the serving cell. The higher three digits of BSIC are used for the above purpose. Network operators can use parameter “ NCC Permitted” to control MS to report the neighbor cells with NCC permitted in the serving cell only.

What is BSIC and its use in GSM
BSIC=NCC+BCC In GSM system, each BTS is allocated with a color code, which is called BSIC. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC. In network planning, effort should be made to make sure that BCCH of neighbor cells are different from the serving cell’s BCCH to reduce the interference. Practically it is still possible that a same BCCH is re-used in the surrounding cells. For cells using the same BCCH in a relevant near distance, their BSIC must be different so that MS can identify two neighbor cells with same BCCH. BSIC is transmitted on Synchronous Channel (SCH) of each cell. Its functions are as below: If MS have read SCH, it is considered as being synchronous with that cell. However, to correctly read the information on the downlink common signaling channel, MS must get the TSC (Training Sequent Code) that is adopted by the common signaling channel. According

when there are two or more cells using the same BCCH in the neighbor cells. Một MS khi camping vào cell nào đó thì nó lắng nghe BCCH và MS nghe thông tin trên kênh SCH được BSIC và giải mã được CI (LAI) trên Cell đó. mục đích của nó là phân biệt 2 cell cùng BCCH trong cùng 1 cluster. Network operators can use parameter “ NCC Permitted” to control MS to report the neighbor cells with NCC permitted in the serving cell only.. it is necessary to control MS to report only the cells which have neighbor relationships with the serving cell. Vì vậy thực tế trong mạng vẫn tồn tại các Cell trùng nhau về BCCH và BSIC tuy nhiên vì nó khác Cluster tức có khoảng cách địa lý nên muốn MS đi từ cell này sang cell kia thì phải qua một loạt cell nữa như vậy MS khi đó sẽ clear đi cái CI của cell trước đó. which are represented by TSC ranged 0~7 respectively.to GSM specification. TS (Training Sequent) has eight fixed formats. When MS is in dedicated mode. So one of the functions of BSIC is to inform MS of the TSC adopted by the common signaling channel of the cell. Theo mình sự ra đời của BSIC trong GSM đó là vì nguyên lý tái sử dụng tần số. Còn nếu quá trình quy hoạch bị lỗi dẫn đến 2 cell liền kế cùng nhau về BCCH và BSIC thì MS vẫn bắt được CI của cell có BCCH mạnh hơn Rxlev (lớn hơn) nhưng gây ra hiện tượng ping-pong và một loạt fail khác như HO C/I v. Since BSIC attends the coding process of information bits in random access burst. and report the results to the network. In special circumstance. Since MS sends measurement report which contain the contents of a maximum of 6 neighbor cells each time. it must measure the BCCH level of the neighbor cells and report it to BTS according to BA2 that is sent on SACCH. TSC number adopted by common signaling channel of each cell is just the BCC of the cell. BSC can use BSIC to distinguish these cells and avoid wrong handover or even handover failure. it can be used to prevent the BTS from accepting a RACH transmitted from MS in a neighbor cell as the access signal from the MS of the serving cell. MS must measure the BCCH signals of neighbor cells in dedicated mode. ( cái này theo kn thực tế khi đi đo drt) Trong WCDMA nó được hiểu như Scrambling code.v.. The NCC is used for the above purpose. . including their respective BSIC.