HST550A–B: AP European History Contributions Subject Name| |European Title | Unit Assessment

Name

Date

European Contributions
You may use the following list of the possible contributions of European history to provide examples in your essay about the merits of studying European history. You should conduct additional research on any topics that you choose in order to provide more detail and elaboration in the body paragraphs of the essay assigned for this lesson. You can research information on credible websites and in the recommended textbooks for the course. List of Possible Contributions of European History (The following list is not comprehensive.) 1. Contributions in politics a. Feudalism b. Monarchy: absolute, constitutional, and divine right c. Constitutionalism and John Locke d. Absolutism and Thomas Hobbes e. Enlightened despotism f. City-state oligarchies g. Imperialism 2. Contributions in economics a. Mercantilism b. Laissez-faire c. Joint-Stock Companies d. Industrialization e. Economic imperialism f. Utopian socialism 3. Contributions in European art movements a. Italian Renaissance b. Northern Renaissance c. Baroque d. Realism (seventeenth century) e. Rococo (eighteenth century) f. Neoclassicism (eighteenth century) g. Romanticism (nineteenth century) h. Impressionism (nineteenth century) i. Post-Impressionism (nineteenth century) j. Expressionism (nineteenth and twentieth century’s) k. Surrealism (nineteenth and twentieth centuries) l. Cubism (twentieth century) m. Abstract Impressionism (twentieth century) n. Also consider composers: Vivaldi, Handel, Bach, Beethoven, Debussy, Wagner, Strauss, Schumann, Bartok, Berg, Britten, Busoni g. Customs union h. Adam Smith and The Wealth of Nations i. Capitalism j. Command economy k. Monetary union and Common Market h. Realpolitik i. Autocracy j. Totalitarianism k. Nazism l. Fascism m. Communism n. Welfare state o. Representative democracy (Republic)

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HST550A–B: AP European History Contributions Subject Name| |European Title | Unit Assessment

4.

European literary giants a. Petrarch b. Dante, Divine Comedy c. Boccaccio, The Decameron d. Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales e. Erasmus, The Praise of Folly f. Machiavelli, The Prince g. Shakespeare h. Montaigne, Essays i. Racine j. Voltaire, Candide k. Rousseau, Emile and Social Contract l. Hugo, Hunchback of Notre Dame m. Wollstonecraft n. Tolstoy, War and Peace o. Zola p. Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden” q. Conrad, The Heart of Darkness r. Proust, Remembrance of Things Past s. Spengler, The Decline of the West t. Joyce, Ulysses u. Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front v. Orwell, 1984 w. Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago x. Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich y. Friedan, The Feminine Mystique

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Contributions in social structures a. Aristocracy b. Serfdom c. Bourgeoisie d. Urban proletariat e. Agricultural peasants f. Women’s suffrage movement

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Contributions in the sciences and technology a. Paved streets b. Heliocentric model of the universe c. Systematic approach to observing and charting planets d. Basic and modern physics e. Studies of the heart and circulatory system f. Advancements in map making g. Inventions of the mercury barometer and early calculator h. Laws on universal gravitation i. Advanced calculus j. Printing and Gutenberg’s movable type k. Laws of motion l. Cartesian Dualism m. Decimal system of representing fractions n. Invention of logarithms by John Napier o. Descartes’ connections between geometry and motion p. Study of an advances in optics q. Innovations in agriculture r. Spinning jenny s. Water frame t. Steam engine u. Smallpox vaccination v. Railroads w. Darwin and evolution x. Germ theory of disease (Pasteur) y. Lister and disinfection z. Pavlov and human conditioning aa. Mendel and genetics
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HST550A–B: AP European History Contributions Subject Name| |European Title | Unit Assessment

bb. Periodic table by Mendeleev cc. Discovery of radium (Marie Curie) dd. Quantum theory ee. Einstein and relativity 7. Contributions in philosophy a. Scholasticism b. Humanism c. Protestantism d. Scientific Revolution e. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy f. Skepticism g. Natural rights/natural law h. Enlightenment i. Conservatism j. Classical Liberalism k. Nationalism 8. Major revolutions in European history a. Glorious Revolution in England, 1688 b. Scientific Revolution of sixteenth and seventeenth centuries c. Agricultural Revolution of the seventeenth century 9. Major wars in European history a. Hundred Years’ War b. War of the Roses c. French Wars of Religion d. Thirty Years’ War e. Wars of Louis XIV f. Napoleonic Wars g. War of the Austrian Succession

f f. Rutherford splits the atom gg. Radar hh. Watson and Crick’s work on DNA ii. Discovery of radioactivity

l. Radicalism m. Republicanism n. Marxism o. Romanticism p. Freud q. Social Darwinism r. Existentialism s. Bayle’s Historical and Critical Dictionary t. Comte, System of Positive Philosophy u. Wittgenstein, Essay on Logical Philosophy v. Herbert Spencer, Ernest Haeckel, and T.H. Huxley

d. The French Revolution of 1789 e. Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 f. Russian Revolution of 1917 g. Revolutions of 1989

h. Franco-Prussian War i. Austro-Prussian War j. Crimean War k. World War I l. World War II m. Cold War n. War in the former Yugoslavia

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