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11 POSITIONAL TOLERANCE

The true position of the hole is given by basic dimensions and a 0.2 positional tolerance. (single feature) 0.2 tol zone at true position of hole 10 P R 12 16
Positional tolerance uses a feature control frame to specify the tolerance zone required to accurately locate a feature or group of features such as center point(s), center axis, or the center of a plane.

0.2 P R S

Positional tolerance is applied to a group of holes located with basic dimensions. (multiple features) 8.3 8.0 11 11 6.0 4X 5.7 7 7 0.4 V W W

An array of four tolerance zones is the result of the positional callout.

4X 0.4 tol zones at true position

The central axes of the holes are: at true position, at extreme position, and at extreme attitude.

**Remember(holes, shafts, pins): The tolerance zone is described as a cylinder with diameter equal to the tolerance value and with the length or height of the feature.

The table shows the positional tolerance increasing as the hole moves away from MMC.
U Hole 8.0 MMC 8.1 8.2 8.3 LMC 8.3 8.0 0.4 10 W 16 V
Holes Virtual Condition = Parts MMC Positional Tolerance VC = 8.0 0.4 = 7.6

Pos Tol 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

U V W

Bonus tolerance is the increase in positional tolerance as the hole moves away from MMC.

A composite positional tolerance is used when the location of a pattern of features is less restrictive than the hole-tohole requirements.

Pattern location tolerance .04 A B C 0.2 A Feature relating tolerance

The red dots show the feature relating and the yellow the pattern location tolerance.
14.3 4X 14.0 0.4 0.2 20 A B C A

10 Feature relating tol Pattern locating tol ` 24 24

C 20 B

10

The center axes of the holes must meet the pattern locating and feature relating tolerances simultaneously.

Position # 1

Alternate position # 2

A portion of the feature relating tolerance zone can spill over beyond the pattern location tolerance zone. Hole Feature relating boundary axis on edge of pattern locating boundary

Pattern location boundary at true position

If no datum is specified in the second row, the central axes of the hole pattern has no orientation requirements. Feature tolerance Pattern of holes Pattern tolerance in true position 0.4 0.2 A B C

Datum C Datum B Datum A

A primary datum in the second row, requires the central axes to be perpendicular to the specified primary datum. 0.4 0.2 A B C A

Datum C Datum B Datum A

With two datums specified in the second row, the central axis of the hole pattern must be perpendicular to the primary datum and parallel to the secondary datum.

0.4 0.2 Datum B

A B C A B