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PROINTEC S.A.

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTS, LOUIS BERGER SAS


CONSTRUCTIONS AND TOURISM
Avda. de Burgos, no. 12, Dinicu Golescu Blvd., no. 38, Tour Mercure III - 55 BIS, Quai
28036, Madrid - Spain Bucharest - Romania de Grenelle, 75015, Paris -
France.

Road Safety Report


Draft

COSTESTI LOCATION
(COMPLEX COMERCIAL)
BS NO. 11
DN 2 Km 95+468 – 96+467

Version 1.0

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Document presentation

Table of Contents

1 BLACK SPOT n 11...............................................................................................................3

2 ACCIDENTS DATA AND INFORMATION......................................................................4

3 DATA ANALYSIS................................................................................................................10

4 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION............................................................................13

5 SAFETY DIAGNOSIS .......................................................................................................17

6 MAIN PROPOSED SOLUTIONS.....................................................................................18

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1 BLACK SPOT n 11
Although it is an early phase to present the solutions for the BS, by client request, the
Consultant is presenting in this paper one scenario as possible solution in solving the BS no.
11 located in Costesti village between km 95+468 and 96+467 of DN2.

1.1 Location
County: Buzau
Village: Costesti
Road: National Road 2 (DN2)
Km 95+468 – 96+467
AADT: 7999
Section Type: two x two lanes road
Typology: Costesti is located along the DN2 some kilometers S of Buzau.

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2 ACCIDENTS DATA AND INFORMATION


The main analysis for this location and the typology of accidents are presented in this chapter.
Following are shown the accidents and the traffic data from NAR.
Data From List of BS (NAR)

Regional National Start End Accident Seriously


Nr. crt. Judet Fatalities AADT
Directorate Road Kilometre Kilometre number injured

11 BUCHAREST Buzau 2 95+468 96+467 13 4 9 7999

The safety analysis of the LV is carried out on the base of the Accident Data Base and takes
into consideration the ranges of years between 2001 – 2006 and the distances between km
95+468 – 96+467.

Data From Accidents Database

Location Data BUCHAREST

Judet Buzau
Location
National Road DN2 Bucharest – Buzau – Bacau - Suceava

Cumul. dist. (m)

from Km 95+468
to Km 96+467

distance Km 0+999

Accidents Data per Year


Year Accidents Seriously injured Dead
4 4 0
2001
1 1 0
2002
1 1 0
2003
3 2 1
2004
2 1 1
2005
2 0 2
2006

Total 13 9 4

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Accident Data per Km


Cumul. dist. (m) Accidents Seriously injured Dead
95475 1 0 1
95550 1 1 0
95755 1 0 1
95900 1 0 1
96250 1 0 1
96350 1 0 1
96390 1 1 0
96400 1 0 1
96450 1 0 1
96450 1 0 1
96450 1 0 1
96450 1 1 0
96640 1 1 0

The following diagrams highlight the annual trends of accidents and the location of the more
dangerous places along the considered section.

The causes of the accidents are shown into the following table.
The columns extracted from the database give for each accident information about:
 the location and the periods:
 the general causes and typologies of the accident:
 the actual characteristics of the section – lanes, shoulders, type of pavement:
the elements of road safety – situation of lighting, paved, road marking and signaling.

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year Data Acc. Drum Artera


Buc-Urz-Buzau- Judet In Localitate Localitate Deplasament Sens Reper Distanta Reper
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2001 19.09.2001 12:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 95475 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2004 09.12.2004 19:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 95550 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2001 28.12.2001 10:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 95755 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2005 29.06.2005 16:30 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 95900 Descendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2004 14.03.2004 17:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96250 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2002 20.02.2002 23:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96350 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2006 17.09.2006 06:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96390 Ascendent borna 96+400 10
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2003 05.10.2003 16:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96400 Descendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2001 10.10.2001 12:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96450 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2001 10.10.2001 12:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96450 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2004 02.11.2004 21:00 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96450 Ascendent 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2006 10.11.2006 05:15 DN2 Suceava-Siret-
Buc-Urz-Buzau- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96450 Ascendent trecere de pioetoni 0
Rim.Sarat-Focs-
Bacau-Roman-Falt-
2005 16.12.2005 18:30 DN2 Suceava-Siret- BUZAU DA COSTESTI 96460 Descendent primarie 0

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3 DATA ANALYSIS

For each LV site two parameters are used for the data analysis:
 Annual Accident Rate (AR):
 Number of Deaths per hectometer.
The calculus of this rates have been carried out considering the number of the accident and
the number of Deaths indicated on the NAR list but taking the length from the database (see
the graph of dangerous section).
The table shows the Rates and the values used for the calculus.
Indicator reference to 2001 – 2006
BS N. 11
Accident Rate Annual accident rate values ( AR )
(106 * A) / 0,989
AR =
365 * ADT * L * t
Accident A 13

Daily Traffic ADT 7999

lengtht of branch L (Km) 0.9

t (years) t 5
Fatalities per hectometer = 0.080
(Dead / L )/ t
Dead D 4

L (length) L (hm.) 999

t (years) t 5

In the next figures, the accidents rate, injuries rate and the death rate from Romania are
presented.

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Figure Accidents rate, injuries rate and the death rate in Romania (source: Romanian National
Police Department)

Figure Vehicle rate in Romania (source: Romanian National Police Department)

Table 2 Mortality rate in Europe (data source: HFA db 2003)

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Figure Mortality caused by road accidents in Europe (data source: HFA db 2003)
Although some actions were taken by the Romanian authorities, the death rate in the last
years is quit high (please see above Figure) and is on the first place in Europe with 12,81 rate
(Table 2 and Figure). But the sever injuries as consequence of the transportation of the
dangerous good increased the last 3 years with almost 40%. Moreover, the accidents rate on
the national roads or highways located outside of the cities areas is double that in the cities
neighbourhood areas. Most of them from these are with heavy vehicles that transport
dangerous goods.
Based on national economical development and the political integration in EU in 2007, the
road transport will continue to grow with 8-10% per year till 2015. If the accidents rate
caused by the transportation of the dangerous goods will follow the same rate, in some years
the number of injuries will increase tremendous.
The social costs of the traffic accidents in 2003 were estimated at over 350 million euro
(about 2 % from PIB), representing the losing of human lives, the expenses for re-covering of
the people with physical handicaps, as well as those for financial prejudice.

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4 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION


The on-site visit allowed to understand the main safety issue related with this LV 28 located
along the DN2, on S of Buzau.
a. LAYOUT OF THE ROAD SECTION – ALIGNMENT
The layout and the alignment of the road section show road intersected with the local roads.

b.TRAFFIC AND MOBILITY SITUATION


There are problems due to the high presence of heavy traffic and to the high speed of traffic

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c. SITUATION CONDITIONS OF THE CARRIAGGEWAY AND SHOULDERS


The pavement of the road is in a fair condition but with shoulders only partially paved. On
the other hand, there is some small presence of rutting and deformations due to the presence
of heavy traffic. Moreover, there is the second asphalt layer that could be seen in on the road.

d. CONDITIONS OF THE S & M AND SAFETY BARRIER


Signaling and Marking are unsatisfactory, in particular during night and bad weather
conditions.

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e. CONDITIONS OF THE LIGHTING


The lighting is existing in the center of village but unsatisfactory in the other part of the
village.

f. PRESENCE AND CONDITIONS OF INTERSECTIONS OR JUNCTIONS


The central area of the BS is between the DN2 with 2C to Slobozia.

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g. LATERAL DITCHES AND RESTRICTION OF THE VISIBILITY OF THE


CARRIAGEWAY
A lateral unprotected ditch is present on one side of the road (dangerous for both vehicles and
pedestrians). In some areas don’t exist any ditches.

H.PEDESTRIAN CROSSING
In front of the junction with a local road there is an unsignalised pedestrian crossing. The bus
at this site should be improved (with signalling marking and lighting).

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5 SAFETY DIAGNOSIS
5.1 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION
The on-site visit allowed to understand the main safety issue related with this place.
There are three main subjects to be treated and resolved:
1. the junction between DN2 with the 2C road to Slobozia
2. the bus stops in front of the Complex Comercial and Club Hit
3. the pedestrian crossings in the same area.
The existing situation is illustrated in the next paragraph.

5.2 Junctions
The DN2 intersects with the 2C roads to Slobozia direction.
The scenario is also affected by the following elements:
a. high presence of heavy traffic on DN2
b. in some areas don’t exist drainage ditches and during the raining the water is
on the road
c. difficult transitions between two adjacent road segments having different
characteristics, which may surprise the drivers and cause errors
d. there are only painted markings and not plastic markings; this cause low
visibility especially during the darker seasons of the year and makes regular
road woks necessary for repainting.

5.3 Pedestrian crossings


As was presented a marked and signalised pedestrian crossings at 100 m from the School. In
other areas don’t exist pedestrian crossings.

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6 MAIN PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

6.1 Junctions
Taking into consideration the limited amount of space available at this place a possible
solution could be based on the improvement of the existing topology.
In the annexed scheme the details about this proposal are presented Furthermore other
improvements that should be included are:
a. new pavement and paved shoulders on DN2
b. re-design with new layout of the junctions between DN2 and the 2C road to
Slobozia direction
c. new design for the bus stop along DN2 with a dedicated bus bay
d. integrative signals and markings before the junction (rubber noise bands,
flashing signals as notice, etc…)

6.2 Pedestrian crossings


Different kinds of solutions should be implemented in parallel as follows:
a. add new crossing near the bus station
b. improvement of the lightning system, with dedicated lights at each crossing
c. integrative signals and markings before the each crossing and between them
(rubber noise bands, flashing signals as notice, etc…)
d. add pedestrian crossings in the School area, Shop area, etc.
e. installation of on-demand traffic light systems

6.3 Other improvements


Different other solutions should be implemented in the area to improve the safety
conditions, as follows:
a. eliminating the small irregularities that were observed on DN2
b. add signs with maximum speed below 50 km/h
c. add signs about crossing and parallel agricultural paths
d. add specific equipment for people with disabilities at the pedestrians
crossings areas
e. improve the possibility to turn left/right on the local road without to affect the
traffic from the opposite direction
f. use of high reflecting and skid resistant plastic markings
g. add signs about crossing and parallel agricultural ways
h. define/create lanes/paths for bicyclists, where possible, without to affect the
road conditions

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i. add specific equipment for people with disabilities at the pedestrians


crossings areas
j. must be used only high reflecting and skid resistant plastic markings

6.4 Operations
Following are shown the safety treatment under consideration. The safety treatment are
divided in two main operation categories, diffused and punctual operations.
• diffused operation are referred to the full extension of the studied section;
• punctual operation are referred to short sections and specific points inside of the
studied section

A. DIFFUSED OPERATIONS

Code Type of Action


A.1.1 Pavement rehabilitation
A.1.4 Improvement of Signaling and Marking
B.2.2 Improvement of the lighting system

B. PUNCTUAL OPERATIONS

Code Type of Action


B.2.1 Improvement of the intersection
B.2.1 Improvement of the pedestrian crossing
A.1.2 Bus Stop rehabilitation / New Bus Stop

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Annex

1. PHOTO INTER-GIS (A3)


2. PRESENT SITUATION
3. DESIGN SOLUTION

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