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HERRAMIENTA PEDAGOGICA DE

APOYO PARA EL BACHILLERATO

DEPARTAMENTO DE
PUBLICACIONES

GUIA DE TRABAJO No 5

AREA DE HUMANIDADES
INGLES
CICLO IV

Elaborada por

FERNANDO CALDERON

BOGOTA D.C

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DATOS DEL ESTUDIANTE

NOMBRE DEL ESTUDIANTE : ________________________

_________________________

CICLO : ________________________

JORNADA : MARTES Y MIERCOLES ( )


JUEVES Y VIERNES ( )
SABADOS ( )
DOMINGOS ( )

NOMBRE DEL PROFESOR : ________________________

FECHA : DEL __________ AL _______

CALIFICACION : ________________________

_____________________
FIRMA DEL PROFESOR

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It’s such a sunny day!

Elsa had an excellent time yesterday. She went to the beach with Vanessa,
Kristy y Sandy, three friends from school. She woke up early and put on her
bikini. Then she prepared her bag. She put her sunglasses, her sun protector, a
towel, a pair of sandwiches and a cooler with mineral water. At eight o’clock
her friends came to take her. They went in Sandy’s car. They spend a perfect
day on the beach: the sky was blue, the sand was warm and the sea was fresh a
peaceful. They went back home in the evening.

APRENDA

La palabra sunbathing es un gerundio y proviene del verbo to sunbathe, que


quiere decir “tomar el sol”.

OBSERVE

To have an excelent (nice, wonderful) time es una expressión muy habitual.


Significa “pasar un buen rato”

SEASON

Winter
Invierno
Spring
Primavera
Summer
Verano
Fall
Otoño

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On the coast

(Elsa habla a sus amigas de su gran deseo: vivir en la Costa)- i like the coast. I
love the views to a beach from a cliff. I also like the vegetation. The palm
trees, for example, are so exotic

Do You Remember?
“Your grandparents had a very exciting life, said Mr. Brown to his children.”Your
grandfather was a journalist and wrote for a newspaper during the Second World War. He
had many adventures in Europe and colaborated with American spies in Germany. He
even won a medal for his courage. Your grandmother became a volunteer during the war
and worked with other women: They made planes in a factory. She learned to fly an
airplane and participated in competitions”

Those old days in New Jersey

.Life in the country-

Your grandparents bought a nice house in the country. Life was easy and peaceful there!
There was fresh,air and wonderful views to the countryside. They loved it.

.Looking at pictures-

This man in the photo is your grandfather. The woman on the left was your grandmother
and the other woman was Cindy, her sister. They were very elegant people!

.Life in the city-

When I was young, I studied in the city. It was noisy and stressing! There were cars, trams
and lots of people. Yes! I missed the country

Vocabulary

Journalist

Periodista

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Newspaper

Periódico

Easy

Fácil

Noisy

Ruidoso/a

Cosy

Acogedor, agradable

Wood

Bosque, madera

Stream

Arroyo

Observe

El sustantivo airplane (en Gran Bretaña es aeroplano) significa “avion” y puede abreviarse
como plane

A house in the country

(Peter habla de la casa de sus padres)- I liked my parents´house. It wasn’t near the city
but it was huge and very cosy. I remember the piano in the living room and the big clock
on the dining room wall. From my window i could see a green wood near the house and a
bridge over a stream. I went there to swim many times.

School days-

I enjoyed school very much, I had lots of homework and the teacher was strict but I also
had lots of good friends. They were very funny and healthy people. I had lots of
adventures with them.

APRENDA

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En esta pagina salen nuevos verbos irregulares. Por ejemplo: wrote es el pasado de to
write(“escribir”); bought, el de to buy (“comprar”); won tambien es un pasado irregular, en
este caso de to win (“ganar”), y became es el de to become(“convertirse”).

Prepositions: in/on/at

Estas son las preposiciones de lugar que más se utilizan. Acertar cual debe emplearse en
cada caso no es tarea sencilla: in significa” en, dentro “en, encima”;por ultimo, at es”en,
junto a” .algunas normas que pueden ayudarlas a usarlas correctamente son:

La preposición “in”

Se utiliza al hablar de:

. Países, ciudades o regiones geográficas

He`s in Bolivia now – El está en Bolivia ahora.

.Grandes espacios (áreas, parques, océanos, etc):

Life in the mountains –La vida en la montaña.

. Algo o alguien que está dentro de un espacio o de un contenedor (caja, taza, etc):

We` re in the room – Estamos en la habitación.

.Calles, plazas, avenidas, etc. Siempre y cuando no se especifique una dirección


concreta:

I live in kansas Road-vivo en kansas Road.

La preposición “at”

Se utiliza al hablar de:

. Un dirección exacta:

I live at10 Nelson St.-vivo c/ Nelson, 10.

.lugares concretos:

Is joe at home or at work ? –¿está Joe encasa o en el trabajo?

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.Algo o alguien que esta junto a algo:

Wait at the bus stop – Espera en la parada del autobús.

.Instrucciones y lugares públicos:

He`s at University -Está en la Universidad.

Today I was inthe park


Hoy estuve ven el parque.

She was born in Senegal.


Ella nació en Senegal.

What´s onthat roof?


Qué hay sobre ese tejado?

We live at7 churchill St.


Vivimos en c/ churchill,7

La preposición “on”

Se utiliza al hablar de:

.Algo o alguien que se encuentra sobre, encima de un lugar u objeto:

A bird ison that roof- hay un pájaro encima de ese tejado.

.Días de la semana:

Come on sunday – ven el domingo.

.Transportes en concreto (en general se usa by):

She came on the bus –vino en el autobús.

Where`s my cap, dad?

(Bob está buscando su gorra de béisbol y pregunta a su padre si sabe dónde está).

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Bob:Do you know where my cap is, daddy? I need it for the match.

peter: Ithink it `s on the dining table.

Bob:No, I was in the kitchen now and I looked on and under the table

Peter: Did you look in the closet or between your computer and your bed?

Bob: Yes, I looked there and everywhere.

PREPOSITIONS

Out
Fuera
Up
Arriba
Down
Abajo
Near
cerca
Under
Debajo
Between
Entre
Behind
Detras
Beside
Al lado de
By
Por, en (transportes)

CONTROL QUESTIONS

PRACTICE EXERCISES.

A) Ordene las frases correctamente

1.The/please/what/time/is/?
_________________________

2.Hour/to/there/get/it/an/takes
__________________________

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3.Did/the/late/you/in/evening/arrive/?
__________________________

4. love/at/pictures/they/looking/old/
_____________________________

5.time/get/he/on/what/up/does/Sundays/?
______________________________

6.was/woman/the/there/in/church/a/
______________________________

7.not/open/steven/mouth/his/did/

ESCRIBA LAS HORAS DEL RELOJ DIGITAL

1. 17:15 H It`s a guarter past five______________________________

2. 10:00H________________________________________________

3. 23:45H________________________________________________

4. 15:20H________________________________________________

5. 08:05H________________________________________________

6. 21:50H________________________________________________

c) FORMULE LA PREGUNTA Y ESCRIBA AFIRMATIVA O NEGATIVAMENTE

Did liz yesterday… -wash the car (yes)

-clean the windows (no)

-go to the movies (yes)

-study spanish (no)

1Did liz wash her car yesterday ___________________________________________?

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Yes, she did ___________________________________________________________

2___________________________________________________________________?

_____________________________________________________________________

3___________________________________________________________________?

_____________________________________________________________________

4_________________________________________________________________________________?

____________________________________________________________________________________

D)RELLENE LOS ESPACIOS CON:

Many, at, down, much, under, had, far, on.

1.Dylan made a lot of things yesterday.

2.His hat is always ________ his head

3.The accident was________from my village.

4.She ______ a baby at the age of 23.

5.There wasn`t _________ people in the theater

6.Leave the boxes _________there.

7.We waited an hour_____ the bus stop.

8.They stayed ________the shadow of the tree

9.How _________oil do we need?

D ESCRIBA EL PLURAL DE LAS SIGUIENTES PALABRAS

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1. KNIFE _________________

2.PYJAMAS __________________

3. PLACE _________________

4.BOX _________________

5.SANDWICH _________________

6.FOOT _________________

7. HOUSE WIFE _________________

8. CITY _________________

9. POTATO _________________

It’s such a sunny day!

Elsa had an excellent time yesterday. She went to the beach with Vanessa,
Kristy y Sandy, three friends from school. She woke up early and put on her
bikini. Then she prepared her bag. She put her sunglasses, her sun protector, a
towel, a pair of sandwiches and a cooler with mineral water. At eight o’clock
her friends came to take her. They went in Sandy’s car. They spend a perfect
day on the beach: the sky was blue, the sand was warm and the sea was fresh a
peaceful. They went back home in the evening.

APRENDA

La palabra sunbathing es un gerundio y proviene del verbo to sunbathe, que


quiere decir “tomar el sol”.

OBSERVE

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To have an excellent (nice, wonderful) time es una expressión muy habitual.
Significa “pasar un buen rato”

SEASONS

Winter
Invierno

Spring
Primavera

Summer
Verano

Fall
Otoño

On the coast

(Elsa habla a sus amigas de su gran deseo: vivir en la Costa)- I like the
coast. I love the views to a beach from a cliff. I also like the vegetation.
The palm trees, for example, are so exotic. And the sea. I like listening
to the waves breaking on the shore. Besides, temperatures are always
moderate near the sea, winter is short and summer comes soon.

OBSERVE

La preposición de lugar on aparece varias veces aquí: on the beach, on the


coast, on the shore, etc. son tres casos en que el hispanohablante suele
equivocarse y realizar la traducción literal in the beach , in the shore…
Memorice, pues, el uso de on con beach, shore, y coast.

APRENDA

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En esta lección salen nuevos verbos acompañados de preposición: go
back, (volver), que está en pasado simple y, por tanto, aparece como
went back; put on (ponerse) que se emplea sobre todo para hablar
de la ropa; por último watch out, que significa “vigilar”

.LOOK / LIKE / LOOK LIKE

LIKE no siempre es un verbo. Cuando se pregunta What´s he like?


esta palabra hace otra función y se traduce por “como, igual”. Para
preguntar sobre el aspecto físico de alguien se utiliza también to look
(“mirar”), en determinados contextos puede significar “parecer, tener
aspecto”.

APRENDA

En el verbo to look like la “s” de la tercera persona de singular en el


tiempo presente se añade a la palabra look, que es la que realmente
funciona como verbo. Por ejemplo se diría It´s looks like a diamont,
doesn´t it?

LOS VERBOS LOOK Y LOOK LIKE

* To look se utiliza para preguntar sobre el aspecto físico de alguien o


señalar su parecido:
What does he look like ? (qué aspecto tiene ?
You look like a king (pareces un rey)

*To look se usa para comentar que alguien “parece” más alto, menos
viejo, tan divertido, etc.
They don´t look British. (No parecen británicos)
He doesn´t so old (El no parece tan mayor)

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PREGUNTAS Y COMPARACIONES

CUANDO LIKE NO ES UN VERBO

• Sirve para preguntar cómo es una persona o cosa

what´s his girlfriend like ? (cómo es su novia ?)


what was the city like ? (cómo era la ciudad?)

•Sirve para expresar que dos objetos o personas son iguales o


similares:
They´re like mine. (son como los míos)

OBSERVE

La diferencia entre look y look like es muy sutil: el primero va delante


de un adjetivo (you look tired) = “pareces cansado”:
El segundo precede a un nombre (you look like a child) = “pareces
un niño”.

AUNT GRETA
Elsa cuenta cómo es su tía Greta.

My aunt looks very young, like my mother. But she´s 47 years old.
What does she look like? She is quite tall and his curly hair andexotic
eyes. Her chin is like my grandmother´s and she also smiles like her.
Greta’s very pretty: she looks like a goodess.

PRACTICE EXERCISES

MARQUE VERDADERO O FALSO

1. Elsa loves the streams on the beach V F

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2. Temperatures are cold near the sea V F
3. Cliff are exotic trees V F
4. Elsa likes the sound of the waves V F

RELLENE LOS ESPACIOS CON


Like-look- look like- likes-looks

1. she______ playing card games


2. What is the place ________?
3. You____________ nervous. Are you okay?
4. He_______ a very boring person.
5. Do we_________ Scandinavian people ?
6. He_________ different today
TACHE LA PALABRA INCORRECTA

- Our house is/on the coast.

- They live near the bay/wave.

- That boy looks like/look Paul Newman

- Behind/because the beach there was a cliff

- I love staying on the shore/sky

- We enjoyed the sun/shade under that tree

- Those sunglasses are looks/like Kristy´s

- Did you have a nice warm/time ?


- I forget/forgot my sunglasses yesterday

WHAT´S THE WEATHER LIKE ?

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Los weather forecast son las previsiones del tiempo que aparecen
en los periódicos o la televisión. Aquí hay algunas claves para
interpretarlas y mantener una charla del tema. Hablar del tiempo es
siempre una buena forma de empezar una conversación.
En inglés hay muchas expresiones relacionadas con la meteorología,
como rain or shine (“pase lo que pase”) o for a rainy day (“en caso de
necesidad”).

OBSERVE

Preguntamos qué tiempo hace con la fórmula What´s the weather


like ? La respuesta sería It´s más un adjetivo adecuado, por ejemplo,
foggy. It´s foggy

APRENDA

En inglés, para formar el vocabulario que describe la meteorología se


convierte al sustantivo en adjetivo: de sun (“sol”) proviene sunny
(soleado); de snow(“nieve”) nace snowy (“nevoso”); de wind (“viento”),
windy(“ventoso”); y así con casi todos los términos.

A DIFFERENT WEATHER

Olaf habla de la diferencia climática entre California y Suecia.

What a different weather. Here in California the weather is sunny and


warm in summer. It is a bit rainy, too, but it does not snow in winter. In
Sweden it is not very warm in summer and, in winter, it is cloudy and
the temperatures are really low.

WEATHER ADJECTIVES

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Sunny = Soleado
Mainly sun = Bastante sol
Overcast = Nublado
Sun and rain = Sol y lluvia
Heavy sea = marejada
Foggy = Nebuloso
Rainy = Lluvioso
Stormy = Tormentoso
Snowy = Nevoso
Windy = Ventoso

PRACTICE EXERCISES
MARQUE VERDADERO O FALSO

1. The weather is cold in Sweden. V F


2. It always snows in California V F
3. Summer is rainy in California V F
4. Temperatures are high in Sweden V F

CONSTRUYA LA PREGUNTA ADECUADA

You need information about China. Your friend was there last summer.
Ask him about:
1. (The food) What was the food like?
2. (The weather)____________________
3. (The people)_____________________
4. (The capital)_____________________
5. (The Buses)_____________________
6. (The hotels)_____________________

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COMPLETE LAS FRASES DE ESTE PARTE METEOROLÓGICO DE
AYER CON LAS SIGUIENTES PALABRAS
Winds- fog- rainy- mountains-storm- temperaturas

1. There was a lot of snow in the_________________


2. __________________ were bellows 0º degrees
3. There was heavy sea on the pacific coast because of the strong
__________________
4. The weather was____________ in the north.
5. The___________ left the city with no visibility
6. The capital suffered a terrible____________

UNA CON LÍNEAS LAS PAREJAS DE PALABRAS DE LAS DOS


COLUMNAS

1. Desert a. Terrible waves


2. North Pole b. Heavy sea
3. Mountains c. Snow
4. Sea d. 40º below zero
5. Coast e. Heat.

I FEEL SO HAPPY TODAY

Empleamos las palabras so y such para añadir énfasis a nuestras


afirmaciones. (“Hoy me siento tan feliz”). El uso de uno u otro término
depende de los elementos gramaticales presentes en la frase, como
se comenta a continuación.

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EL USO DE SO

SO: tan/tantos/s
She is so kind and has so many friends.
Ella es tan amable y tiene tantos amigos

EL USO DE SUCH

SUCH: tan/ tanto/s

It´s such terrible work. And he´s such a good worker


Es un trabajo tan horrible. Y él es tan buen trabajador.

APRENDA

Se utiliza SO delante de adjetivos que no acompañan a ningún


sustantivo (I feel so happy) o bien delante de much, many y otros
adjetivos cuantitativos. En cambio SUCH se emplea delante de
adjetivos que llevan sustantivo (There´s a such ugly furniture). Si el
nombre es contable y singular se añade el artículo indefinido a/an (he
´s such a good worker)

MARY IS SUCH A FUNNY PERSON


Mr Brown y Meg, su secretaria comentan cómo es la nueva
recepcionista de la empresa.

Mr Brown: She is so professional


Meg: Yes, she is. Ans she´s such a funny woman. She always smiles,
come rain or shine
Mr Brown: Has she got a lot of experience in her job ?

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Meg: Yes, she has. He worked for many companies.
Mr Brown: I´m glad that Mr Carpenter employed her

IRREGULAR VERBS

INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE MEAN

To fall fell fallen caer


To fight fough fough luchar
To forget forgot forgotten olvidar
To forbit forbade forbidden prohibir
To give gave given dar
To hear heard heard oir
To hide hid hidden esconder
To hold held held sostener
To keep kept kept guarder
To lend lent lent prestar
To mean meant meant querer decir
To meet met met reunirse, conocer
To pay paid paid pagar
To run ran run correr
To think thought thought pensar
To understand understood understood entender
To write wrote written escribir

ORDENE LAS PALABRAS DE ESTAS FRASES

1. rain – or – come – shine


_____________________________________________
2. was – what – weather – the – like
____________________________________________
3. ´s – forecast – today – awful – weather – is
-____________________________________________

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4. had – Paris – excellent – we – time – an – in
____________________________________________
5. saved – for – they – rainy – money – day – a
____________________________________________
6. always – winter – in – Canada – it – snows – in
____________________________________________

CONSTRUYA LA FRASE CON SO O CON SUCH

1. Jonathan is nice.
John is so nice
________________________

2. It is a freezing day

________________________

3. There is much information in that magazine

___________________________________

4. Joe takes beautiful pictures.

___________________________________

5. She is an excellent Spanish teacher.

____________________________________

QUÉ PALABRA NO SIGUE LA SERIE ?

1. beach – sand – thunder – waves – shore.

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2. winter – fall – forecast – summer – spring
3. coast – bay – sunshade – cliff – sea.
4. fresh – cold – heat – freezing – polar.

CONVIERTA A PASADO SIMPLE LAS ORACIONES SIGUIENTES:

1. He (to lend) me three mystery books.


He lent me three mystery books
__________________________________

2. Our father (to forbit) us to go out


__________________________________

3. They (to return) very quickly to be on time


__________________________________

4. We (to meet) Alice on the way home


__________________________________

5. She (not – to understand) a word in Spanish


__________________________________

6. You (to forget) to give me a key


___________________________________

CHRISTMAS HAS COME

As every year, Christmas has comes to the Brown´s house. Brenda


loves Christmas and she enjoys decorating the house with ornaments.

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She has already hung them on the walls and has new lights for the
Christmas tree. Her husband also helps her a lot. He has bought a
huge turkey for Christmas dinner and has written a lot of Christmas
card to friends and relatives. It has been a hard task. Elsa also enjoys
this Christmas atmosphere and she has just joined a group of carol
singers from the neighbourhood. Every year they go door to door
singing popular carols.

TRANSLATE THE NEXT PARAGRAF

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