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Assignment no. 1 Submitted by:Ayesha Rabbani Reg no. 4082 FU/BS/F09 Submitted to:Sir Ahad Maqbool
and so He sent down His messengers to guide the mankind. Hence. were those historical persons are designed and molded for according to what they have performed or were they willful. causes a sort of crisis in a society. and succeeded even. they leave the world richer or poorer than that they had found. Human Beings are born with unlimited potentialities which needed guidance from Allah Almighty as He knows what the nature of man is. Similarly there was the overbearing negative influence of the individuals who retarded the onward march of the society. After their objective. But the questions is. S Abu Said Abul Khiar narrates in a couplet: “A bird sat on the top of a mountain and then flew away. were the individuals who hindered the onward march were in a will-less state to serve the divine purpose or they were rather unconscious? According to Holy Quran. it is energetic individuals who push the society on to the path of progress . Some even tried to kill them. they don’t live.Summary on Dimensions of Iqbal Some human beings in this world only exist. Look as to what the bird added to the mountain and what it curtailed. The humans benefited from these messengers and some did not. In his article of “Great Men and their Environment”. they fell like empty hulls from the Kemal. latter described. Caesar or Napolean. Yes there are men that live differently and die differently. Such a death. Hegel too has almost the same opinion as of Williams but with a slight difference as he sees those course changing persons as fighters or rulers like Alexander. “ But in this world there are also those people who leave a positive or negative mark in the circle of their society while they live. as according to him he believes that such promoters or demoters of a society serve a purpose assigned to them from above. . self-conscious and hopeful of achieving something great? Similarly. William James view is deterministic. Human societies are obliged to progress on account of individuals who possesses individuality. we see certain person whose death is just one death and yet another person whose death is the death of many. And when they die. He says that those world historical persons attained no calm and enjoyment and their life was labor and trouble. and neither do they leave any mark upon this world while they exist. William James dealt with this subject elaborately. and society in turn strengthens them by supporting and following them.
Haali. Figures like Sir Sayyed. as Islam was his life-blood but the surroundings were completely antagonistic. Allam Iqbal and M. He transformed into a poet and a great thinker by hard labor. Still poetry wasn’t the main occupation of Iqbal’s life. Iqbal was brought up in a sustained state of tension. His lyrics worked like swords. Thus they transformed one hundred million zeros into a nation that was ready to fight for its right. Every individual is born with unique personalities which he can unfold only by his or her conscious efforts. faithlessness and defeatism. Akbar. Zafar Ali Khan. Allama Iqbal was a late developer. Determined aspirants who uphold positive values are thus imperative need of every society. After there may be an interval of relaxation as the Quran speaks of Burzakh. barring exceptions. Such are real figures and others are zeros. The Significance of tensions created by various challenged of life is explained by Iqbal by writing to R. He works as examiner and paper setter in different universities. The cause of Allam Iqbal avoiding to be called as poet is because of his contemporary poets. to guide Muslim Ummah. But Iqbal’s progress was not sudden.A Nicholson by saying that Personality is a state of tension and can continue only if that state is maintained. When a person yields to obstacles and decides not to confront the opposition then he loses his state of tension. He was a practicing lawyer. waging war on despondency.A Jinnah jolted the muslims of sub continentinto awareness and gradually into selfawareness. Tension is only for those confront it. But Allama was a poet first and a philosopher afterwards. Allama Iqbal generalized the meaning of tension. This state of constant challenge added to the power of his determination and boosted his philosophy of Self. Iqbal only by his poetry entered into the hearts of his devotees and inspired even the ordinary student in the sphere of his learning. He was hero among poets. Thus a man shouldn’t revert to relaxation. They weren’t serious about anything. So the historically momentous persons became so by their conscious efforts and willful momentum. Whereas Iqbal’s message was about Islam. a sustained state of tension is a source unmitigating stimulant. It is sustained state of tension that creates heroes of uncompromising individuals. He was a politician also. For a determined person. He led the leaders of Muslim India towards the pathway to Pakistan. Allama Iqbal called himself as a thinker or even as a seer.as they desired. were just professional. Life’s .
faith. as both spill innocent blood. prophets or heroes in different times and places and they are molded according to the social sphere they live in. A fighter who conquers territories might be known as a great conqueror in history but may not be known as a great man.battle is always on and is a challenge to everybody.S). Same is the thing that Iqbal has depicted in his poetry. The reason being perhaps these two leaders were more sincere. It was Iqbal’s firm belief that the best practical model for best human values is of Prophet (S. Such a man is fit to rule the world. steadfast. Allama Iqbal’s Hero is the best and perfect man. sincerity and firm belief on Islam.A. Maulana Haali. an embodiment of Allah’s Commandments and injections. All that glory of western culture couldn’t for a moment dazzled the penetrating eyes of Iqbal. As for Iqbal depicts this in his poetry as a dialogues between Alexander and a pirate. Waqar-ul-Mulk. He was never over awed by the western culture who then ruled the world. Allama Shibli. The difference is who takes part in it witlessly and who is there to fight willfully rather aggressively. Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan deserves our homage on account of his determination. such are the virtues that Iqbal has highlighted in his verses to enlighten and shake up the souls of Muslims. His life was possessed by Islam. reliable and more well-meaning than others. He strives to infuse sense of confidence in the weaker elements of his society. truthful. Allama Iqbal knew that the foresight and insight with which he was blessed was for the good of humanity and particularly for the good of Muslim ummah. but it can be boldly said that some qualities of real or best man reflect in him. Akbar Allahabadi. He even warned the west about it in March 1907 in London that the edifice of their culture will fall to ground like a nest on a frail bouth. High ideals strive to teach mankind that the gist of morality lies in man’s respect for man.A Jinnah did not become torch bearers of Islamic renaissance neither did they able to become a “Seer”. He sees both of them as equal. All men that are born in the era of Allama Iqbal and M. Carlyle in “On Hero’s Hero-Worship and the heroic in history” elaborates this subject by saying that great men exists as many different names as poets. . He was of the view that European built killing devices can only subjugate the nations but cannot furnish them to the attributes of upholders of human values. Muslims in the mid of 19th century sustained an all-embracing defeat. Allama Iqbal wasn’t a superman. one on land and another on the oceans.
Iqbal too. To desire is to dissipate the spell of victory and nothing else.Mohsin-ul-Mulk etc were the pillars of upholding muslims of subcontinent. Then as a younger contemporary Allama Iqbal accepted the challenge. transformed a work everywhere”. Mystic don’t want to return and if it does. I swear by God that if I had reached that point I should never have returned. “. took to the path of the prophets of Allah.” Allama Iqbal refers to the saying of Hazrat Abdul Qudus Gangohi which is” Muhammad (S.S) ascended the highest heaven and returned. it doesn. who was self aware. and then offers his own observation by saying that there is a difference between prophet and mystic type of consciousness. Such persons do not measure their success in material terms. Life amplifies itself through conquering hardships and surmounting difficulties as Allama Iqbal says: “To live means to conquer. They feel successful if they are sure that they have done their duty faithfully according to best of their capabilities. that is all.A. They are not discouraged by hardships. and it will bring about the revolution that would not be for the sake of winning an applaud. this my lay man will recite. He had to bring about the change and he knew his sincere efforts for the good of Muslim ummah at large will attract the attention of people. translated as: “When I am dead. and say: One man. As Iqbal himself says in a farsi couplet.t means much for the man kind while prophet’s return is creative and beneficial for mankind. .
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