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sf]l/of hfgsf nflu lnOg] /f]huf/
cg'dlt k|0ffnL -OlkP;_ k/LIff
cfhjf6 ;'? x'Fb}5 . k/LIffsf nflu
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kmf/d $& xhf/ (@^ hgfn] e/]sf
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Aoj:yfkg sf]l/of kIfn] g} ug{]
hfgsf/L lbFb} lgb]{zs af:tf]nfn]

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
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lbg b'O{ l;ˆ6sf b/n] b'O{ lbg u/]/
rf/ l;ˆ6df x'g], x/]s l;ˆ6sf]
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lxtlj?4 ug{ nfluPsf] o; ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjL
r6snfO{ Wj:t agfpg hgtfn] df]rf{ sl;;s]sf 5g\ .
o:tf] cj:yfdf r'gfj eGb} hgtfdfem hfg' ;a}sf] nflu
clxts/ x'G5 . t;y{, d+l;/ $ sf] r'gfjL r6s aGb
u/L ;Dk"0f{ /fhgLlts bnx¿aLr cfk;L ;xldt u/L
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grfx]sf] r'gfjsf] s'g} cf}lrTo 5}g . t;y{, hgtfsf]
rfxgfnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ bnx¿n] cfk;L ;xdlt /
;xsfo{ u/]/ cufl8 a9\gk' 5{ . s'g} klg /fhgLlts bn
/ ju{ljz]ifnfO{ 5f]Ol56f] u/]/ ul/Psf] r'gfjnfO{ g]kfnL
hgtfn] ;fy, ;xof]u / ;dy{g ug]{ 5}gg\, hgtfsf] ;fy,
;xof]u / ;dy{g gePsf] r'gfjsf] s'g} cf}lrTo /xFbg} .
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cj:yf xf] . t}klg w}o{tfk"j{s ;x]/
a;]sf xfdL /fhgLlts ;'wf/sf
;+s]t;Dd gb]lvg' la8Dagf xf] .
Pp6f lhDd]jf/ s'zn /fhgLlt1n]
Odfgbf/Lk"j{s b]z / hgtfk|lt

pQ/bfoL ag]/ cfˆgf] st{Jo lgjf{x
ug{'kg]{ laZjJofkL dfGotf xf] .
hgdtnfO{ ;w}F pRr k|fyldstfdf
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:yfkgf eO{ d'ns
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kydf nlDsg ;Sb5 . Go"gtd d'ns
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lgdf{0fsf] cfwf/ to u/]/ ultnf]
/fhgLlts ;+:sf/ :yflkt ug{' klxnf]
r'gf}tL x'g ;S5 t/ To;sf] nflu
;a}n] ;fd'lxs of]ubfg lbg h?/L
5 . @! cf}F ztfAbLdf b]z, sfn,
kl/l:yltcg'¿k g} rNg ;Sg' kb{5 .
nIo xfl;n ug{ s f] lglDt
efjgfTdseGbf Aoaxfl/s kIf
alnof] ePsf]n] ;f]xLcg'¿k cfwf/
to u/]/ a9\g ;s] d'n'sn] sfFr'nL
km]g{ w]/} ;do k|tfl8t ag]/ a:g'
kb}g{ . xfd|f] /fhgLltdf clxn];Dd
b]lvFb} cfPsf] s] xf] eg] cfGtl/s
lvrftfgL, Pscfk;df c:j:y
bf]iff/f]k0f, Odfgbfl/tfsf] ;+s6, u'6
pku'6, kIf ljkIf cflb d"n h8sf]
¿kdf /x]sf] 5 . af3sf] lzsf/ ug{]
8+sf lkl6G5 ;bf{d eg] ˆofp/f] ;d]t
dfg{ g;lsg] tof/L u/]kl5 lzsf/
xft nfUnf t < d'n's lasf;sf]
kyaf6 lbgk|ltlbg cf]/fnf] nfUg] qmd
hf/L 5 . d'n'se/af6 bIf, cbIf,
o'jfzlSt /f]huf/ cefjdf b}lgs
lab] l zg afWo 5g\ ltg}
lab]lzPsfx¿n] k7fPsf] ljk|]if0fn]
d'n'ssf] cy{tGq wfg]sf] 5 . lab]zL
e"lddf cg]sg uf]tf x08/ vfP/ eP
klg afWotfsf] e'd/Ldf lbg sf6\g
afWo 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf
cGt/f{li6«o ;+rf/ dfWodx¿n] ;d]t
cfk|af;L sfdbf/x¿sf] af/]df rf;f]
lbP/ af:tlastfnfO{ phfu/
ub}5
{ g\ . of] ;sf/fTds kf6f] xf] h;n]
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bjfa l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 . of] laifopk/
ax; ;' ? ePsf] 5 . @! cf} F
ztfAbLdf dfgjclwsf/sf] laZjJofkL
dfGotfnfO{ v' n f r' g f} t L lbP/

cfw'lgs bf; k|yfsf] ;'?jft ePsf]
b]lvG5 . g]kfn ;/sf/n] oyflz3|
cfˆgf gful/ssf] xslxtsf] lglDt
cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf cg'¿k sbd
rfn]/ sDtLdf ltgn] k7fPsf]
ljk|]if0fsf] ;f]emf] u/f];\ . @)$^
;fnsf] kl/jt{ g kZrft g] k fnL
sfFu;
]| sf] g]tT[ jdf afddf]rf{;lxtsf]
cGtl/d ;/sf/ u7g eof] cGtl/d
Joj:yfsf k| w fgdGqL :juL{ o
s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{n] lgo'lSt kfPsf
lyP . ;/sf/ u7g nuQ} ^ h'g
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e§/fO{ ef/t;Fu ;DaGw ;'wf/nufot
låkIfLo lxtsf] ljifodf s'/f ug{
tTsflng pBf]u jfl0fHodGqL ;fxgf
k|wfg;lxtsf] 6f]nL lnP/ ef/t
e|d0fdf lgl:sPsf lyP . e|d0fsf]
qmddf !) h'g !(() sf lbg g]kfn–
ef/taLr Ps ;+o'St la1lKt hf/L
eof] . hf/L lj1lKtsf sltko a'Fbf
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h:t} ef/tLo d'b|fnfO{ ;femf d'b|fsf]
¿kdf :jLsfg{,' ef/tLo gful/snfO{
g]kfnL z}lIfs ;+:yfdf g]kfnL;/x
;'lawf lbg], k]6f« l] nod kbfy{ OlG8og
cfon skf]{/];g;Fu dfq lgolGqt
9+ u n] cfoft ul/g] , ef/tLo
gful/snfO{ js{k/ld6 nfu" gug{, dl/rdfgl;+ x >] i 7sf] ;/sf/n]
@)$$ ;fn a} z fv ! ut] a f6
k/LIf0fsf] nflu ljb]zLnfO{ js{k/ld6
nfu" u/]sf lyP_ . !) h'g !(()
sf] la1lKtnfO /fi6«3ftL lj1lKt
ePsf] 3f]if0ff ub}{ hg:t/df Jofks
la/f]w ePsf] lyof] . To;a]nfb]lv g}
/fi6«lxt lakl/t sfdsf] ;'?jft
ePsf] eGg] ul/G5 . o;}u/L dxfsfnL
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ljjflbt b]lvG5 . o;}u/L hGdsf]
cfwf/df j+zh gful/stf lbg'k5{
eGg] /fi6«3ftL gful/stf law]os
@)%^ ;+;bdf rf]/ af6f] k|of]u u/L
cy{ljw]os zLif{sdf k|:t't ul/of]
k| l tlglw;efaf6 kfl/t u/] /

/fli6« o ;efdfkm{ t \ b/af/df
nfndf]x/sf] nflu k]z ePsf] pSt
law]ossf] la?4df hg:t/df
Jofks lj/f]w pTkGg eP kl5,
tTsfnLg /fhf la/]Gb|n] ;jf]{Rr
cbfntsf] /fo lng' k/]sf] lyof]
;af]R{ r cbfntn] gful/stf ljwo]s
@)%^ g]kfn clw/fHosf] ;+lawfg
@)$& adf]lhd k|lts'n 7x/ ub}{
/fhf la/]Gb| ;dIf ;'emfj k]z u/]sf]
lyof] . of] g} klxnf] k6s cbfntsf]
/fo lnPsf] 36gf lyof] . cGttM pSt
law]os nfu" x'g g;s]/ ylGsPsf]
lyof] . pSt 36gfkZrft
k| l tlglw;efdf k| l tlglwTj ug{ ]
tTsfnLg d' V o bnx¿n] /fhf
la/]Gb|sf] pSt sbd lj?4 s6fIf
u/]sf] s]xL ;dokl5 @)%* ;fn
h]7 !( ut] b/af/ xTofsf08 ePsf]
lyof] . h;df /fli6«otfsf] c8fg
lnP/ gful/stf ljw]osdf nfndf]x/
gnfpg] k|hftGqjfbL /fhf la/]Gb|;lxt
;d'n j+z gfz ePsf] lyof] . @)$^
;fnsf] kl/jt{gkZrft a9L ;do
;Qfdf a:g] cj;/ g]kfnL sfFu|];n]
kfPsf] lyof] . d'n'sdf ;'zf;g
:yfkgf ug{ g;Sbf e| i 6frf/n]
df}nfpg] cj;/ kfof] . ;/sf/L
:jfldTjdf /x]sf gfkmfdf rln/x]sf
pBf]u snsf/vfgf qmdz w/fzoL
aGb} uP . afF;af/L 5fnf h'Qf
sf/vfgf, xl/l;l4 OF 6 6fon
sf/vfgfsf] s/f]8f}F s/f]8sf] ;DklQnfO{
sf}8Lsf] efpdf laqmL u/]/ cfk"m
cg'sn
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u/], afF;af/L 5fnf h'Qf sf/vfgfsf]
h'Qf agfpg] d]l;g xfn nvgf}df
b}lgs s/f]8f}Fsf] h'Qf pTkfbgsf]
sfddf k|of]u eO/x]sf] 5 eGg]
;'lgG5 . o;}u/L g]kfn jfo';j] f lgud,
cfon lgud, /fli6«o lgdf{0f sDkgL,
;fN6 6«l] 8ª skf]/{ ;
] g, ;femf oftfoft,
lxdfn l;d]G6, ljB't\ k|flws/0f, x]6f}8F f
sk8f sf/vfgf, afnfh' sk8f
sf/vfgfsf] xfnt cfh s'g ca:yfdf
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;fd' 3fd hlQs} 5n{ª 5 . cGTodf
;DalGwt lgsfon] lautdf ePsf
o:tf 36gfpk/ klg cg';Gwfg cufl8
a9fP d'ns
' n] Gofo kfpg] lyof] .

sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] kqsf/sf]
cfly{ s ;' / Iff tyf k] ; fut
Joj;flostfdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ?= kfFr
nfv;Ddsf] b'36{ gf ladf ug{] ePsf] 5 .
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;ldltsf] a'waf/sf] a}7sn] kqsf/ ladf
b'36{ gf ladf Joj:yfkg lgb{l] zsf,
@)&) hf/L u/]sf] xf] . kqsf/n] cfˆgf]
sfo{;Dkfbg ubf{sf avt x'g ;Sg]
b'36{ gfaf6 d[To' ePdf / >d lgodfjnL,
@)%) df pNn]v ePsf] rf]6k6ssf]
sf/0faf6 &% k|ltzteGbf a9L czSttf
ePsfdf ?= kfFr nfv;Dd / ;f]afx]ssf]
cj:yfdf b' 3 { 6 gfaf6 pTkGg
pkrf/afkt nfUg] vr{sf] xsdf
lanadf]lhd a9Ldf ?= b'O{ nfv;Ddsf]
jf:tljs pkrf/ vr{ kfpg]5 . To:tf]
pkrf/ vr{dWo] @) k|ltzt a/fa/
/sd ;DalGwt kqsf/n] g} tyf afFsL
/sd ladsn] Aoxf]g{' 5 . pkrf/sf]
vr{sf] s'n /sd ladfÍsf] b'O{
k|ltzteGbf sd ePsf] cj:yfdf
laldtn] Ifltk"lt{ bfaL ug{ kfpg] 5}g .
cGo s'g} lgsfoaf6 b'36{ gf ladf
ul/Psf kqsf/sf] xsdf
lgb{ ] l zsfcGtu{ t ladf gul/g]
lgb{l] zsfdf pNn]v 5 . kqsf/n] ;f]
;'ljwf kfpg ;"rgf ljefuaf6 hf/L k|;]
kl/rokq / kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ;b:otf
clgjfo{ 5 . dxf;+3df cfa4 kqsf/sf]
;b:o ;+Vof cf7 xhf/eGbf a9L /x]sf]
atfOPsf] 5 . ladf sfo{qmddf ;/sf/n]
jflif{s ladf z'Ns e'StfgL ug{] k|of]hgsf
nflu kqsf/ b'36{ gf ladf sf]if cIfo
sf]if :yfkgf ug{5] h;df ;/sf/, dxf;+3
jf ;~rf/ k|lti7fg, u}/cfjf;Lo,
cGt/f{li6«o Rofl/6L jf cGo ;+:yfaf6
k|fKt gub tyf j:t'ut ;xfotf /xg]

5 . sf]if ;~rfngfy{ ;~rf/ dGqfnosf
;lrjsf] ;+of]hsTjdf dxf;+3sf cWoIf,
g]kfn k|;] sfplG;nsf ;b:o, ladflj1
;b:o tyf ;"rgf ljefusf dxflgb{z
] s
;b:o ;lrj /x]sf] ;~rfns ;ldlt
x'g5] . ladfz'Nssf] &% k|ltzt sf]ifaf6
Aoxf]l/g]5 eg] @% k|ltzt /sd :jtGq
kqsf/ eP :jod\n] / ;~rf/ k|lti7fgdf
sfo{/t kqsf/ eP ;Da4 ;+:yfn] Aoxf]g] {
lgb{l] zsfdf pNn]v 5 . laldt JolStsf]
d[To' ePdf, :yfoL ¿kn] k"0f{ jf cf+lzs
czSt ePdf, c:yfoL ¿kn] k"0f{ czSt
ePdf tyf laldt JolSt b'36{ gfdf k/L
3/d} a;]/ pkrf/ ug'k{ g{] cj:yfdf
lghsf] cf}ifwf]krf/df lanadf]lhdsf]
nfUg] vr{ laldtn] ekf{O{ lng kfpg]
u/L laldtn] nfe kfpg] Joj:yf ul/Psf]
5 . ;fy} laldt JolStsf] d[To' ePdf
lghn] OR5fPsf] JolStn] / OR5fOPsf]
JolSt gePdf glhssf] xsjfnfn] ladf
/sd a'‰g] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .
kqsfl/tfsf] If]qdf lqmofzLn /xFbf s'g}
b'36{ gfdf k/L rf]6k6s nfu]sf] jf
cËeË ePsf cj:yfdf cf}ifwf]krf/sf]
Joj:yf ug{] tyf To:tf] b'36{ gfsf sf/0f
d[To' ePsf] cj:yfdf cfl>t kl/jf/nfO{
Ifltk"lt{ k|bfg ug{] Joj:yf ldnfO{
kqsf/sf] cfly{s ;'/Iff tyf k];fut
Joj;flostf clej[l4df ;xof]u k'¥ofpg
kqsf/ b' 3 { 6 gf ladf NofOPsf]
lgb{l] zsfsf] k|:tfjgfdf pNn]v 5 .
lgb{l] zsfdf kqsf/ egf{n] ;~rf/
k|lti7fgdf Joj:yfksLo jf k|zf;sLo
clwsf/ k|fKt u/]sf] JolStafx]s
;~rf/;DaGwL Joj;fo jf ;]jfnfO{ d'Vo
Joj;fo ckgfO{ kfl/>lds lnO{ ;~rf/
k|lti7fgdf k"0f{ jf cf+lzs ;do sfd
ug{] g]kfnL gful/snfO{ hgfOPsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}F . ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/
dGqfnoaf6 uPsf] k|:tfjdf 5nkmn
ub}{ dlGqkl/ifbsf] j}7sn] g]kfn
6]lnsdnfO{ ;fem]bf/L leqfpg :jLs[lt
lbg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . o; lg0f{o;Fu}
6]lnsdnfO{ /0fgLlts ;fem]bf/ leqfpg
af6f] v'nf ePsf] 5 . lghL If]qsf
b"/;~rf/ ;]jf k|bfos sDkgL;Fu
k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtf lj:tf/ ug{
6]lnsddf /0fgLlts ;fem]bf/L leq\ofpg]
tof/L ul/Psf] lyof] . ;fem]bf/
leq\ofpg] sfd cl3 a9fpg ;/sf/n]
k/fdz{bftf lgo'St ug]{ sfd klg cufl8
a9fPsf] 5 . cGt/f{li6«o k/fdz{bftf
5gf}6 ul/;s]kl5 /0fgLlts ;fem]bf/,
k|sl[ t / ;fem]bf/Lnufotsf ljifodf
6'u+ f] nfUg] atfOPsf] 5 . (! bzdnj
% k|ltzteGbf a9L ;/sf/L :jfldTj
/x]sf] 6]lnsddf ljb]zL /0fgLlts
;fem]bf/ Nofpg] rrf{ $ jif{b]lv
rln/x]sf] lyof] . g]kfnL ahf/df nfdf]

;do Psnf}6L ¿kdf clwkTo hdfPsf]
cfPsf] 6]lnsdnfO{ kl5Nnf] ;do lghL
If]qsf sDkgLx¿n] pl5g\g yfn]sf 5g\ .
b"/;~rf/ ;]jf k|bfos ;+:yfx¿sf]
;+Vof a9\b} hfg yfn]kl5 6]lnsdsf]
ahf/ lx:;f clxn] ;fF3l' /b} uO/x]sf]
5 . 6]lnsdn] cfˆgf ;]jfx¿sf] u'0f:t/
j[l4 ug{ g;s]kl5 g]kfn 6]lnsddf
u|fxsx¿ kl5Nnf] ;do 8fOe6{ x'bF }
uO/x]sf 5g\ . /0fgLlts ;fem]bf/
leq\ofP/ ;]jf u'0f:t/Lo agfpg'sf ;fy}
gofF–gofF ;]jfx¿ ;+rfng ug{] ;/sf/sf]
tof/L /x]sf] 5 . g]kfndf ;a}eGbf a9L
s/ ltg]{ sDkgL 6]lnsd kl5Nnf] jif{
bf];f| ] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] b"/;~rf/ ;]jf
k| b fos sDkgL ag] s f] 5 .
k/fdz{bftfsf] 5gf}6 ePkl5 To;n]
sDkgLsf] lj:t[t cWoog ug{]5 .
sDkgLsf] lj:t[t cWoogkl5 ;fem]bf/
leq\ofpgsf nflu cfXjfg ul/g]
atfOPsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}F . a}s
+ ckm sf7df08"n]
gofF of]hgf ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 .
aLcf]sn
] ] !) b]lv @@ jif{ pd]/ ;d"xsf
artstf{nfO{ nlIft ul/ gofF of]hgf
;fj{hlgs u/]sf] xf] . of] of]hgfdf gofF
vftf vf]Ng] ;dod} a}s
+ sf] tkm{af6
k|To]s vftfdf Ps ;o ## ¿k}ofF ##
k};f hDdf ul/lbg] Joj:yf 5 . k'/fgf
vftfsf] xsdf eg] pSt vftfdf /sd
hDdf ubf{ a}s
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cg'kftsf] /sd hDdf ul/lbg]5 . of]
gofF of]hgf k'if !% ut] ;Dd nfu" x'g]
a}s
+ åf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf pNn]v 5 .

aLcf] s ] r] t gzLn o' j f art
of]hgfcGtu{t artstf{nfO{ v'qs
' ]
klg lgMz'Ns pknAw x'g] hfgsf/L
klg a}s
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art vftfx¿dWo] clwstd Aofh
lbg] klg a}s
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Tof] gub cgfjZos ¿kdf vr{ ug]{
b]vfPsf] 5 . bz}F / ltxf/sf] ;dodf
o'jf ju{nfO{ art ug]{ afgL ljsf;
u/fpg] p2]Zon] gofF of]hgf ;fj{hlgs
ul/Psf] a}s
+ n] hgfPsf] 5 .

;ftfsf] ax;
5qaxfb' / d} g fnL

kqsf/sf] b'3{6gf ladf x'g] 6]lnsdn] ;fem]bf/ leq\ofpg ;Sg]

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3

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of] k6ssf] kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7ssf]
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ug] { / jfdkGyL, b] z eQm /
nf] s tflGqs zlQmx¿sf] ;+ o ' Q m
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lg0f{o lnPsf] 5, ;jf{lws dxTjk"0f{
lg0f{o oxL xf] .
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hgfpF b } klg lgjf { r gsf ]
sfo{qmdx¿ ;'? ul/Psf] 5,
s] ug'{x'G5 <
of] ;fdfGo s'/f xf] . k|dv
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of] lgjf{rgsf] cf}lrTo 5}g eg]/
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of] kmf;LjfbL lgjf{rgsf] lj?4df g]tT[ j
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zflGtk" 0 f{

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tof/ ePsf] 5 . of] cfwf/af6 hlt
klg c/fi6« j fbLx¿, bnfnx¿,
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ug' { x ' G 5 t/ tkfO{ + s } kf6L{ s f
;fyLx¿ kf6L{ 5f8]/ lxFl8/x]sf
5g\, xf]Og / <
of] t qmflGtsf] lgod g} xf] . o:tf]
eO/xG5 . of] cfh g]kfndf dfq
ePsf] s' / f xf] O g . k| r 08hL,
afa' / fdhL hf] hgo' 4 sf d' V o
;" q wf/x¿ dflgGy] , pxfF x ¿ t
qmflGtaf6 pl5l§P/ hfg'eof] eg] @–
$ j6f s'/f o:tf] x'Fb}df s'g} cGoyf
lng' x' F b } g . nfvf} F hgtfx¿,
>ldsju{x¿ xfd|f] jl/k/L uf]na4
x'Fb} uPsf] ;a}nfO{ yfxf g} 5 .
) tkfO{+x¿ lgjf{rgsf] alxisf/
u/]/} 5f8\g], ;/sf/ h;/L klg
lgjf{rg ;DkGg u/fP/} 5f8\g]
cflv/ b' Mvt hgtfn] kfpg]
eP, xf]Og t <
xf]Og, of] hgtfn] b'Mv kfpg] s'/f
xf] O g . of] t hgtfn] cfˆgf]
clwsf/sf] /Iff ug]{ clwsf/ xf] .
hgtfsf] clwsf/ xgg x'bF 5
} , vf]l;Fb5
} ,
ePsf ;xdltx¿ pNn+3g x'Fb}5g\ .
b]znfO{ u[xo'4lt/ ws]lnFb}5, åGålt/
km;fOFb}5, oL ;a} unt s'/fsf]
k| l tjfb ug' { , hgtf / /fi6« n fO{

xfd|f] sfo{stf{ / hgtfnfO{ klg of] s'/f yfxf 5 ls ;xdlt grfxg] s7\kt' nL ;/sf/,
rf/ bn / lgsf; grfxg] kmf;LjfbL /fHon] o:tf] u5{ .
hgtfsf] clwsf/ xgg x'bF 5
} , vf]l;Fb5
} , ePsf ;xdltx¿ pNn+3g x'bF 5
} g\ . b]znfO{ u[xo'4lt/
ws]lnFb5
} , åGålt/ km;fOFb5
} , oL ;a} unt s'/fsf] k|ltjfb ug',{ hgtf / /fi6«nfO{ ;+s6af6 d'Qm
ug'{ kf6L{ / qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf] bfloTj xf] .
ha hgtfsf] eljio cGwsf/lt/ ws]lnFb} hfG5, ha /fi6« k/fwLg aGg] vt/f x'G5 eg]
Tolta]nf gful/sx¿n], kf6L{n,] sfo{stf{ / g]tfx¿n] 86]/ To;sf] ;fdgf ug'k{ 5{ .
;+;bjfbLx¿ hgtfaf6 cnf]slk|o 5g\, hgtfnfO{ ljZjf; ug{ ;Sb}gg\ / cfk\mgf] ;'/Iffsf] nflu
/fHosf] ;a} c+ux¿ kl/rfng ug]{ w[i6tf u5{g\ .

g]qljqmd rGb ‘ljKnj’, ;lrj, g]skf–dfcf]jfbL
;+ s 6af6 d' Q m ug' { kf6L{ /
qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf] bfloTj xf] .
To;sf/0f o;df hgtfn] s'g} b'Mv
dgfp ug]{ 5}gg\, a? of] unt sfo{sf]
lj?4df Pp6f dxfg\ kxnsb\dLsf]
¿kdf hgtfn] xfdLnfO{ ;fy
lbg]5g\ .
) tkfO{+x¿ eGb} ug'{x'G5 cfkm}F
kfvf nfUg' x ' G 5 eg] h:tf]
u/] / rf/ bn / ;/sf/n]
tkfO{ + x ¿nfO{ PSNofPsf]
l:ylt 5, tkfO{ + x ¿ hgtfsf]
kIfdf nl8/xG5f} F eGg' x ' G 5
slxn] ; Dd nl8/xg' x ' G 5 <
of] s'/f dfcf]T;]tª' n] eg]h:t} s'/f
xf] . xfd|f] OR5fsf] s'/f ug'{x'G5 eg]
xfdL Psl5g klg n8\g tof/ 5}gf}F .
o'4 xfdLn] ;f]r]sf 5}gf}F . t/,
cfjZostf k¥of] eg] b]z / /fi6«sf]
nflu xfdL clGtd;Dd n8\g] 5f}F
eg]h:t} xf] . ha hgtfsf] eljio
cGwsf/lt/ ws]lnFb} hfG5, ha /fi6«
k/fwLg aGg] vt/f x'G5 eg] Tolta]nf
gful/sx¿n], kf6L{n] sfo{stf{ /
g] t fx¿n] 86] / To;sf] ;fdgf
ug'{k5{ .
) ;/sf/n] lgjf{ r g ;kmn
agfpg ;] g f kl/rfngsf]
tof/L u/ ] s f] 5, ;] g f
kl/rfng eof] eg] s;/L
k| l tjfb ug' { x G5 <
;]gf kl/rfngsf] ljifodf xfdLn]
b'O{j6f s'/f eg]sf 5f}F . Pp6f t of]
/fHosf] ;+s6 xf]Og . ;+;bjfbLx¿
hgtfaf6 cnf]slk|o 5g\, hgtfnfO{
ljZjf; ug{ ;Sb}gg\ / cfˆgf] ;'/Iffsf]
nflu /fHosf] ;a} cËx¿ kl/rfng
ug]{ w[i6tf u5{g\ . bf];|f] s'/f g]kfnL
;]gf kl/rfng eP klg, Tof];uF sf]
;DaGw xfdLn] k|:6 kfl/;s]sf 5f}F,

ca g]kfnsf] Oltxf;df Pp6f gofF ;+oQ
' m df]rf{,
b]zeQmx¿;Fu, /fi6«jfbLx¿;Fu lgdf{0f x'g] cfwf/ tof/ ePsf]
5 . of] cfwf/af6 hlt klg c/fi6«jfbLx¿, bnfnx¿,
lg/ª\sz
' tfjfbLx¿sf] lj?4df ;+3if{n] tLj| ¿k lng] k|an
;Defjgf xfdLn] b]vs
] f 5f}F .
k|r08hL, afa'/fdhL hf] hgo'4sf d'Vo ;"qwf/x¿
dflgGy], pxfFx¿ t qmflGtaf6 pl5l§P/ hfg'eof] eg] @–
$ j6f s'/f o:tf] x'bF d} f s'g} cGoyf lng' x'bF g} .
k|dv
' s'/f t hgtfn] / hgtfsf] k|ltlglw kf6L{n] of] lgjf{rgsf]
cf}lrTo 5}g eg]/ alxisf/ u/]sf] 5 . l;Ë} g]kfnnfO{ of]
kmf;LjfbL lgjf{rgsf] lj?4df g]tT[ j ug{ kxn u/]sf] 5 .

xfd|f] p2]Zo g]kfnL ;]gf;Fu n8\g]
xf]Og .
) p;f] eP lgsf; s;/L t <
ca jftf{ / 6]anaf6 lgsf; 6/]sf]
5 . ca Ps k6s hgtfn] k|lt/f]wåf/f
lgsf; vf]Hg] a]nf cfPsf] 5 .
) eg]kl5 km]l/ bf];|f] hgo'4sf]
cfjZostf
5
eGg
vf] H g' e Psf] xf] <
clxn] o;nfO{ OGsf/ ug{
;lsFb}g . tL ;a} ;Defjgfx¿nfO{
OGsf/ ug{ ;lsFb}g .
) eg] k l5 tkfO { + x ¿ kk'' g M
hgo' 4 sf] tof/L ub } {
x' g ' x ' G 5 <
of] tof/Lsf] s'/f xf]Og . kmf;Ljfbsf]

lj?4 t qmflGt g} xf] . xfdLn] of]
ljsNknfO{ ;dfKt kf/]sf 5}gf}F .
) eg]kl5 qmflGt eGb} tkfO{+x¿
hgtfsf] nflu k'gM Ps k6s
n8\g] tof/L ub}{ x'g'x'G5 <
Ps k6s xf]Og, xfdL clGtd;Dd
n8\g tof/ 5f}F . hlxn];Dd hgtfn] cfˆgf
clwsf/ ;DkGg ePsf] dx;'; ub}g{ g\,
Tolta]nf;Dd xfdL n8\g tof/ 5f}F .
) hgtfrflxF s;/L cfZj:t
x' g ] t < g] t fx¿n] k6s–
k6s wf] s f lbO;s] s f 5g\
xf]Og / <
hgtfn] of] s'/f a'lem;s]sf 5g\ .
dfcf]jfbL kf6L{sf] af/]df, To;sf]
cfGbf] n gsf] af/] d f, o;sf]

Odfgbfl/tf / k|lta4tfsf] af/]df
;fob hgtfdf e|d / cGof]n afFsL
5}g . hgtfn] xfdLnfO{ a'lem;s]sf
5g\ . xfdL Odfgbf/ 5f}F / xfdLn] g}
hgtfsf] g]tT[ j u5f}+{ eGg]df hgtfx¿
ljZj:t 5g\ .
) cGTodf s] eGg rfxg'x'G5 <
Oltxf;sf] Pp6f gofF ;'?jft
ePsf] 5 . ;ft jif{sf] ;+qmd0fsfnn]
gofF laGb'lt/ k|jz
] u/]sf] 5 . xfdL
/fi6« / hgtfsf] g]tT[ j lng k|lta4
5f}F . o;df ;a}sf] ;fy / ;xof]u
kfO/x]sf 5f}F . cfufdL lbgdf klg
kfO/xg]5f}F . xfdL clGtd;Dd xfd|f]
k|lta4tfdf r'Sg] 5}gf}F . cfdhgtfnfO{
oxL ljZjf; lbnfpg rfxG5' .

cy{ x Lg====

b:tfj]hx?af6 k|i6 e};s]sf] 5, h'g
s'/f g]kfnL hgtfdf 3fd h:t} 5n{u+ }
5.
ljutdf g]kfnL sf"u;]| / Pdfn]nfO{
ljb]zL k|ex' ?sf] r/0f 5'g,] ef/tLo
bnfnx? eGg] clxn]sf] gj;fdGtx?sf]
kf6L{ PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx?n]
g} ;fj{hlgs ?kdf elg/x]sf 5g\ ls
æxfdLn] lxhf] hgo'4sf qmddf ef/t /
b/af/;"u ;xsfo{ u/]sf lyof}+ .Æ
pgLx?n] s] klg eg]sf 5g\ eg] ljutdf
xfdLn] ef/t;"u lgx'" vf]Hbf ;QfRo"t
x'gk¥of] . Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn
bfxfnn] t ef/tn] eg]sf] gdfg]/
ækz'kltgfysf] dlGb/af6 d'ne§nfO{
x6fpg', ?Sdf+ub s6'jfnnfO{ k|wfg;]gfklt
x6fpg' tyf ;+ljwfg;efdf gldn]sf
ljifox? ax'dtLo k|0ffnLaf6 g6'o+ fpg'
uNtL ePs} xf] .Æ pgn] klg ef/t;"u
Pp6f o:tf] /fi6«3ftL ;Demf}tf u/]sf
5g\ ls g]kfndf !) xhf/ d]ufjf6 lah'nL
pTkfbg ug]{ u/L ef/tnfO{ lhDdf lbgsf
nflu d]uf xfO8«f] k|fh
] S] 6 ;Demf}tf . xfdL
pbfx/0fsf nflu Pp6f u08s
;Demf}tfnfO{ lng ;S5f}+ . ef/t;"u ePsf]
u08s ;Demf}tfsfsf/0f g]kfnL hgtfn]
lrtjgsf] gf/fo0fu9l:yt gf/fo0fL
gbLk'neGbf d'lg s'g} vfg]kfgL of]hgf
xf];,\ of l;+rfO{sf nflu s'nf] agfpg
kfp"bg} g\ . Tof] u08s ;Demf}tfdf s]
pNn]v 5 eg] v8]/L kg{;Sg] lxp"b
ofddf klg ef/tn] ;f] ;ftj6f u08sL
gbLaf6 sDtLdf tLgxhf/ kf"r;o
So';]s kfgL pkef]u ug{ kfpg]
;'lglZrttf ul/Psf] 5 . olb ;f] gbLsf]
dflyNnf] efudf l;+rfO{sf nflu s'nf] /
vfg]kfgLsf of]hgf lgdf{0f ul/P eg]
lxp"bdf ef/tn] pNn]lvt dfqfdf kfgL
pkef]u ug{ gkfpg] ePsf sf/0f
ef/tkIfaf6 o:tf of]hgfx?sf] lj/f]w
x'g] u/]sf] 5 . Pp6f ;fgf] u08s
;Demf}tfn] t t/fO{sf] cfwf e"efudf l;+rfO{
/ vfg]kfgLsf nflu kfgL pkef]u ug{
kfO{b+ g{} eg] g]kfnsf To:tf sltj6f
gbLx? ef/tnfO{ lhDdf nufOof] eg]
!) xhf/ d]ufjf6 lah'nL pTkfbg xf]nf
t < sDtLdf klg g]kfnsf ;a} gbLgfnfx?
ef/tsf] lhDdfdf hfg]5g\ . clg
cflbjf;L hghfltx?n] eg]sf] hn, hdLg
/ h+undflysf] clwf/ sxf"g/] uP/
:yflkt x'G5 t <
pgs} ;xsdL{ ldq h;nfO{ ;w}+
kf6L{leq klg ef/tk/:t eg]/ cf/f]k
nfUg] uYof],{ pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{
k|wfgdGqL ag] nuQ} ef/t k'u/] ef/tsf]
lxt x'g] u/L ljKkf ;Demf}tf u/]/ aflx/
lgl:sO{, æd}n] d]/f] /fhgLlts hLjgnfO{
bfpmdf /fv]/ ljKkf ;Demf}tf u/]Æ" eg]/
pb\3f]if g} u/] . cfkm\gf] /fhgLlts
hLjgnfO{ bfpmdf /fv]/ pgn] g]kfnL
/fli6«otf ;dfKt x'g;Sg] u/L ljKkf
;Demf}tf ul/lbPsf] s'/f k|i6 e};s]sf]
5 . pgn] Tof] ;Demf}tf dfq u/]gg\,
g]kfnsf clt ;Dj]bgzLn dflgPsf
lqe'jg cGt//fli6«o ljdfg:yn
nufptsf !^ j6f ljdfg:ynx?sf]
Joj:yfkg lhDdf ef/tLo sDkgLx?nfO{
7]Ssfdf lbg] ;Demf}tf klg ul/lbP . clg
d'ns
' sf] ;j];
{ jf{ JolQm jxfnjfnf
k|wfgdGqL g} eP/ klg s] eg] eg],+
æg]kfnsf] rfaL t g]kfndf /x]g5 . cGt}
st} /x]5 .Æ pgn] mfh} gdflg km]l/ csf]{
k6s s] klg eg] eg],+ æg]kfn rLg /
ef/th:tf] ljzfn cfly{s pGglt ePsf
b'O{ b]zsfaLrdf /x]sf] 5 . olb g]kfnn]
oL b'O{ b]zsf aLr cfly{s k'nsf] sfd
ug{ g;s] g]kfn oL b'O{ b]zdWo] s'g} Ps
b]zdf ufleg ;S5 .Æ of] s'/f] t pgn]
k|i6;"u a'lme;s]/ eg]sf lyP ls ljKkf
sfof{Gjog eP / ljdfg:ynx? ef/tLo
sDkgLnfO{ 7]Ssfdf lbOPdf g]kfn bf];f| ]
l;lSsd jf lkmhL aGg ;Sg]5 .
bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjsf] lsg
lj/f] w <
g]kfnnfO{ bf];f| ] l;lSsd agfpg]
ef/ts} of]hgf cGt/ut tfTsfnLg
cj:yfdf g]kfnL hgqmflGt cl3
a9fO/xgk5{ eGg] sd/]8x? df]xg j}B,
l;kL uh'/n
] , dft[sf ofbj, ;'/z
]
cfn]du/, dx]Zj/ bfxfn nufotsf
g]tfx?nfO{ ef/tdf kqmfp u/]/ ef/tLo
h]ndf ;8fO{ ef/tn] g} tof/ u/]sf] !@
a'b" ] cGt/ut tfTsfnLg ;ft /fhgLlts
kf6L{x? / dfcf]jfbLaLr ;xdlt u/fPsf]
s'/f clxn] cfP/ v'ln;s]sf] cj:yf
5 . ToxL !@ a'b" ] ;dembf/L cg'?k ePsf]
la:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfdf pNn]v ePsf]

ædw]zdf b]lvPsf gful/stf ;DalGw
;d:ofx? ;dfwfg ug]Æ{ eGg] a'b" fn] ubf{
cfh s/La $) nfv ef/tLox?n] g]kfnL
gful/stf kfPsf 5g\ . ToxL a'b" f
cGt/ut bf];f| ] gful/stf P]g ;+zf]wgn]
olt w]/} ef/tLox?nfO{ g]kfnL gful/stf
lbnfPsf] k|i6 ePsf] 5 . olt w]/}
ef/tLox?n] g]kfnL gful/stf lnPkl5
ef/tsf] ck]Iff cg'?k Ps dw]z Ps
k|bz
] 3f]if0ff ug]{ / cGtdf cfTdlg0f{osf]
clwsf/ k|of]u u/L dw]znfO{ g]kfnaf6
6'qmfO{ ef/tdf ufEg] jf s]xL ;do 5'§}
/fHo agfpg] of]hgf cGt/ut pk]Gb|
ofbjx?sf] g]tT[ jdf dw]z cfGbf]ng ePsf]
5 . ;f] cfGbf]ngfdf b]lvPsf dfux?
x]g{ ] xf] eg] / clxn] klg dw]zL g]tfx?sf]
egfO{nfO{ kmls{P/ x]g{] xf] eg] pgLx?n]
p7fPsf dfux? /fi6«3ftL 5g\ eGg] a'em\g
;lsG5 . pgLx?n] cfTdlg0f{osf]
clwsf/;lxtsf] Ps dw]z Ps k|bz
]
x'gk' g],{ ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL nfu"
ul/g'kg],{ !% xhf/ hgf dw]zLx?nfO{
g]kfnL ;]gfdf ;dfof]hg ug'k{ g]{ nufotsf
dfux? cufl8 ;f/]sf] lyof] . ToxL dfux?
k"/f ug{ uf}/ xTofsf08 u/fOPsf] lyof] .
uf}/ xTofsf08df k|of]u ePsf ef/tLo
;z:q u'08fx?n] @( hgf g]kfnL
;k'tx?sf] xTof u¥of] . uf}/ xTofsf08kl5
dw]z cfGbf]ngdf p7]sf dfux? k"/f
ug{ ;/sf/ ;xdt eof] . To;kl5 dfq
g]kfndf ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj x'g]
;'lglZrt ePsf] lyof] .
olt pynk'yn / lts8dsf
aLrdf ePsf] ;+ljwfg;efdf Pdfcf]jfbL
/ dw]zjfbL bnx?sf] afx'Notf /Xof] .
;f] ;+ljwfg;efn] Ps dw]z Ps k|bz
]
sfod ug{ g;Sg] cj:yf ;[hgf eof] /
g]kfnsf] kxf8L e"–efudf y'k}| hftLo
/fHo :yfkgf x'g] ePkl5 To;sf] c;/
cfkm\gf] b]zdf kg]{ ePsfsf/0f cfkm\gf
bnfnx? k'iksdn bfxfn / afa'/fd
e§/fO{nfO{ k|of]u u/]/ ;+ljwfg;efnfO{
e+u u/fOof] . olb pgLx? jf:tjdf g}
of] b]zsf cflbjf;L tyf hghfltsf]
pTyfg rfxGy] eg] ^)! ;ef;b\ dWo] $
;o @) hgf ;ef;b\n] Psn hftLo
klxrfgsf cfwf/df ;+3Lotf;lxtsf]
;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{ u/L x:tfIf/ u/]/
Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIfnfO{ lbPsf lyP . lsg
k'iksdnn] Tof] k|:tfjnfO{ ax'dtLo
k|0ffnLdf uP/ 6'U+ ofPgg\ t < Pdfn]sf
g]tf ;efd'v ePsfsf/0f ;Dej gePsf]
eGg] xf] eg] Pdfcf]jfbLs} g]t[ k"0f{sd' f/L
;'j]bL pk;efd'v lyOg\ . pgsf]
cWoIftfdf ;+ljwfg;efsf] a}7s a;]/
Tof] k|:tfjnfO{ kfl/t u/fpg klg t
;lsGYof] . pgLx?n] rfx]gg\ lsgls
ef/tsf] clxt x'g] u/L g]kfndf hftLo
/fHox? :yfkgf x'g] eof] / Ps dw]z
Ps k|bz
] sf] ;§f dw]zdf sDtLdf b'O{
k|bz
] x'g] cj:yf ;[hgf eof] . ToxL sf/0f
ef/tsf] Ozf/fdf afa' / fdn]
;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb ;lsg' b'O{ 306f
cufj} ;+ljwfg;efsf] e+u ePsf] 3f]if0ff
u/]sf lyP .
o;}aLrdf ef/tnfO{ v'zL agfpg
k'iksdn bfxfn / afa'/fd e§/fO{x?n]
u/]sf /fi6«3ftL ljKkf, ljdfg:yn 7]Ssf,
bf];f| ] gful/stf ;+zf]wg P]g k|:tfj
nufotsf ljleGg ;lGw, ;Demf}Tf /
;dembf/Lx?nfO{ ;dembf/Lx?sflj?4df
;jf]r
{ r cbfntdf d'2f k/]sfsf/0f
ljrf/fwLg cj:yfd /x]sf lyP . pgLx?n]
u/]sf] ef/telQmnfO{ ;jf]R{ r cbfntn]
jfwf k'¥ofO{/x]sfsf/0f pgLx? ef/tsf]
;xof]udf ToxL ;jf]R{ r cbfntnfO{ klg
k|efljt kfg{ rfxGy] . cGttM ef/ts}
k|:tfjdf k|wfgGofolwz lvnf/fh
/]UdLnfO{ cGtl/d r'gfjL dGqL kl/ifb\
cWoIf agfOPsf] 5 . ca ef/t rfxG5,
;jf]R{ r cbfntn] /f]ss
] f ;a} d'2fx?
;+ljwfg;efdf cg'df]bg u/fpg] /
j}wflgs ?kdf g} ;+ljwfg;efaf6
g]kfnnfO{ ef/tsf] @& cf}+ k|fGt agfpg] .
oxL sf/0f cf;Gg k"j{ 3f]lift ;+ljwfg;ef
/fi6« / hgtfsf nflu 3fts x'g ;S5
eg]/ lj/f]w ul/Psf] xf] .
hxf";Dd k|wfgGofolwz h:tf] :jtGq
JolQmn] u/fPsf] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj t
lgikIf / wf"wnL/lxt x'G5 eg]/ ljZjf;
ul/Psf] 5 . Tof] kmut h:tf] b]lvPsf]
5 . :jtGq Gofokflnsf /
zlQmk[ysLs/0fsf] l;4fGt ljk/Lt
cGtl/d r'gfjL dGqL kl/ifb\ cWoIf ag]sf
k| w fgGofolwz lvnf/fh /] U dLn]
Gofofnodf k|efj kflb{g eg] klg To;sf]
k|efj b]lvO;s]sf] 5 . pgs}lj?4 k/]sf
!& j6f d'2f ljgf ;'gj' fO{ vf/]h ul/Psf]
5 . pgL k|dv
' /fhgLlts bnx?n] h]

4

eG5g\, ToxL dflg/x]sf 5g\ . pgL dfq
x}g, lgjf{rg cfof]u klg nfrf/ alg/x]sf]
5 . Tof] slyt pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts
;ldltn] h] eGof] ToxL ul//x]sf] 5,
cfof]un] . d'n'sdf dfgjflwsf/
pNn+3gsf] 36gf x]g{ ] ;+jw} flgs lgsfo
/fli6« o dfgj clwsf/ cfof] u
kbflwsf/LljxLg ag]sf] 5 . 7"nf]
eL8Gtdf plqPsf] ;/sf/ cfk"mn] u/]sf]
dfgj clwsf/ pNn+3gsf] 36gf
;fj{hlgs x'g glbg o:tf] ul//x]sf] 5 .
:jtGq / lgikIf JolQmsf] g]tT[ jdf ag]sf]
cGtl/d r'gfjL dGqL kl/ifb\sf] kfnfdf
k|ToIf ?kdf v'Nnfdv'Nnf j}bl] zs
x:tIf]k al9/x]sf] 5 . To;df klg
ef/tn] g]kfnL /fli6«otfdfly s'lNrg]
qmdnfO{ a9fO{/x]sf] 5 .
ef/tn] g]kfnL /fli6«otfnfO{ s'lNrP/
To; b]zsf ;z:q k|x/Lx?n] cfkm\g}
b]zsf] e"–efudf h:t} u/]/ alb{ofsf]
u'nl/ofdf 5fkf df/]/ uPsf 5g\ . xfd|f
;'/Iff lgsfox? pgLx?nfO{ :sl6{ª
ul//x]sf 5g\ . en} cft+ssf/L x'g,\
p;nfO{ csf{sf] b]zdf k'u/] lu/km\tf/
ug{ kfO"bg} . ;DalGwt b]zsf] ;'/Iff
lgsfo;"u k/fdz{, :jLs[lt / ;xof]u
lng'k5{ . t/ Ol08og d'hflx3Lgsf g]tf
ofl;g e6\vn ;lxtsf b'O{ g]tfnfO{
ef/tLo k|x/Ln] g]kfnL e"lddf k|jz
]
lu/km\tf/ u/]/ ef/t k'¥ofPsf] 5 .
b'lgof"nfO{ yfx 5, æeujfg\ a'4 g]kfndf
hlGdPsf x'gÆ\ eg]/ . t/ ef/tLo
6]lnlehg Rofgn hLl6eL æeujfg
uf} t d a' 4 ef/tsf] af] w uofdf
hlGdPsf x'gÆ\ eg]/ wf/fjflxs ?kdf
;fdfu|L k|;f/0f ul//x]sf] 5 . t/
g]kfndf ;/sf/sf] g]tT[ j ul//x]sf]
lvnf/fh ;/sf/ rfO{r
+ O' + { s]xL af]ln/x]sf]
5}g . pm k|ltlqmofljxLg alg/x]sf] 5 .
s] o:tf] ef/tk/:tx? g]tT[ jdf /x]sf]
cj:yfdf ePsf] ;+ljwfg;efn] g]kfn
/ g]kfnL hgtfsf] kIfdf ;+ljwfg hf/L
ug{ ;Snf < sbflk ;Sb}g .
oxf"t a'em\g} / eGg} kg]{ s'/f csf]{ s]
5 eg] of] b]zsf] ;+/Ifs /x]sf /fi6«klt
/fd/0f ofbj klg ef/tsf] Ozf/fdf gfRg
yfn]sf 5g\ eg] lvnf/fhsf] g]tT[ jsf]
cGtl/d r'gfjL ;/sf/ / of] ;/sf/
u7g ug]{ pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGq
k"/} e] f/tn] rnfPsf] l/df]6sf cfwf/df
rln/x]sf 5g\ . h;f]t;f] u/]/ /fhgLlts
bnx? uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngaf6 ljjfb
ldnfpg ;xdt ePsf lyP . uf]nd]r
;Dd]ngsf] lg0f{o eP nuQ} ef/tLo
/fhb"tsf] ljz]if pkl:yltdf ef/tLo
Ph]06 g]kfnL gful/s cd/]z s'df/
l;+xn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] /fqLef]hdf ;xefuL
ePsf pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGqdf
/x]sf bnsf g]tfx?n] ef]lnkN6 cfof]lht
uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngsf] ljlw to ug]{
a}7saf6 g} uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng e+u ePsf]
3f]if0ff u/] . pgLx?n] lsg o:tf] u/] <
k|i6} 5 . pgLx? sltsf nf]stflGqs
zlQmx? /x]5g\ eGg] s'/f t ToxL+g/] k'li6
ePsf] 5 ls sDtLdf Psk6s uf]nd]r
a}7sdf a;]/ b'jk} Ifsf aLr cfkm\gf
dfux? /fv]kl5 æo; uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngn]
tkfO{x+ ?sf] dfu k"/f ug{ ;Sb}g elglbPsf
ePklg t x'GYof] lg .Æ o;/L ujf]nd]r
;Dd]ng ef"8g\ ] ltg} g]tfx? x'g\ g]kfnsf]
k"j{ k|wfgdGqL e};s]sf] AolQm cfkm\gf]
dof{bf lal;{P/ ef/tLo ljb]z dAgL
;ndfg v'zL{b g]kfn e|d0f cfPsf a]nf
dof{bf lal;{P/ xf]6ndf e]6g\ uPsf lyP .
o;/L clxn]sf] cj:yfdf ;d:of ;dfwfg
ug]{ cr's cf}iflw / ;j{dfGo ljlw
uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng e+u ePkl5 d'ns
' sf]
;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ /fi6«klt 8f=
/fdj/0f ofbj t lrlGtt xf]nfg\ eGg]
;a}nfO{ nfu]sf] klg lyof] . t/ pgL klg
ef/tsf] Ozf/faf6 aflxl/g rfx]gg\ .
x'g t k|wfg\ ;]gfklt ?Sdf+ub
s6'jfn k|s/0fdf klg ef/ts} Ozf/fdf
sfd u/]sf] yfxf kfPsf g]skf–dfcf]jfbL
nufotsf ## bnLo df]rf{n] pgLaf6
;sf/fTds ck]Iff /fVg' kSs} klg e'n
lyof] . t}klg pgLx?n] clGtd k6s
/fi6«kltnfO{ ;j{kIfLo ;Dd]ng af]nfpg
cfJxfg u/] . /fi6«kltn] klg pgLx?sf]
dfunfO{ k"/f ug{ ;j{kIfLo ;Dd]ng
af]nfOlbP . To; ;j{kIfLo ;Dd]ngaf6
g]kfnL–g]kfnLaLrsf] 5nkmnaf6 s]xL
lgisif{ lg:sg ;SYof] . t/ g]kfnL ldNg
nfu] eGg] rfn kfPsf] ef/tn] cfkm\gf]
ljb]z ;lrj ;'hftf l;+xnfO{ /ftf/ft
xtf/df sf7df8f}+ k7fOlbof] / /fi6«klt
nufotsf /fhgLlts bnx?sf g]tfnfO{
e]6 ug{ nufof] . To; e]6kl5 /fi6«klt
dxf]bo kl5 x6] / ljjfb ldnfpg

/fhgLlts kf6L{x?s} lhDdfdf 5fl8lbP .
kmn:j?k ef/tLo bnfnx?n] ;j{kIfLo
;Dd]ngaf6 d'ns
' sf ;d:of ;dfwfg
ug{ ;xdlt hgfPgg\ . To;kl5 ;bfsf
nflu g]kfnL–g]kfnL a;]/ 5nkmn u/L
;d:of ;dfwfg ug]{ af6f] aGb ePsf]
5 . cBlk b'jk} Ifn] jftf{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf
lbg] atfO/x] s f 5g\ . t/ s' g }
pknJwLd"ns 5nkmn ;d]t ePsf] 5}g .
ef/t lsg o;f] ul//x]sf] 5 <
oxf" xfdL g]kfnLn] s] a'em\g' cfjZos
5 eg] ef/t g]kfnnfO{ :jtGq b]z b]Vg}
rfx"bg} . ef/t g]kfnnfO{ k"/} cfkm\gf]
b]zsf] Ps k|fGt agfpg rfxG5 . olb
Tof] ;Dej ePg eg] dw]z If]qnfO{
g]kfnaf6 cnu agfP/ cfkm\gf] k|fGt
agfpg rfxG5 / g]kfnsf] af"sL kxf8L
efunfO{ la:tf/} la:tf/} e'6fgnfO{ h:tf]
u/]/ cfkm\gf] k~hfdf hs8]/ /fVg
rfxG5 . clxn] ef/tn] k"/} g]kfnnfO{
cfkm\gf] k|fGt agfpg lxDdt gu/]sf]
sxf"g/] uP/ k'li6 uPsf] 5 eg] cfkm\gf]
bnfnx?sf] afx'Notf /x]sf] Pdcf]jfbL
dw]zdf s]lGb|t u/fPsf] cj:yf 5 .
lsgls Pdfcf]jfbLn] hftLo klxrfgsf
cfwf/df ;+3Lotfsf gf/f nufPklg k/]sf]
a]nfdf j]jf:tf ug]{ Pdfcf]jfbLn] hftLo
klxrfgsf] d'2f 5fl8;s]sf] a'emfO{
cflbjf;L tyf hghfltx?sf] 5 . To;}n]
pgLx? kxf8L If]qdf cfkm\g} /fhgLlts
kf6L{ agfP/ cl3 a9]sf] cj:yfdf
Pdfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf k|es
' f] Ozf/fdf dw]z
If]qnfO{ /f]hs
] f] 5 . dw]z k|bz
] df ax'dt
NofP/ cfkm\gf] k|es
' f] dgf]sf"Iff k"/f ug{
Pdfcf]jfbL rfxG5 . To;}n] p;n] cfkm\gf]
/fhgLltnfO{ dw]z s]lGb|t ul//x]sf] 5 .
dw]z hxf" klxNo} ef/tk/:t dw]zL
bnx?sf] afx'Notf 5"b5
} .
s] g]kfndf bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj
xf] n f <
klxnf t ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjdf ;]gf
kl/rfng ug]{ lg0f{on] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj
x'b" g} eGg] k'li6 e};s]sf] 5 . lsgls
g]skf–dfcf]jfbL nufotsf ## bnLo
df]rf{n] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjdf efu lng
rfxg] pDd]bjf/x?n] dgf]gog ug]{ lbg
g]kfn aGbsf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] cj:yfdf
/fHo xtf; eO{ PsxKtf 9Lnf]
pDd]bjf/L btf{ sfo{qmd ;f/]sf] 5 .
;f] df]rf{nfO{ jftf{sf dfWodaf6 r'gfjdf
Nofpg jftf{ ug]{ eGg] axfgfdf
pDd]bjf/L dgf]gog btf{ sfo{qmd Ps
xKtf ;fl/Pklg g]kfnL dfqsf] dxfg
rf8 bz}s
+ f] 36:yfkgf h:tf] dfgjLo
;+jb] gfnfO{ 5'g] lbgsf] glhs lj/f]wsf
sfo{qmdx? ug{ g;sf];\ eg]/ dgf]gog
btf{ sfo{qmd tf]lsPsf] 5 . of] t ;/sf/L
lts8dsf] s'/f eof] . ptf ;+ljwfg;ef
r'gfjdf efu lng rfxg] /fhgLlts
kf6L{x?sf] klg s'g} tof/L 5}g .
;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj x'g rfgr'g *
xKtfdfq af"sL /x"bf /fhgLlts kf6L{x?
r'gfj k|rf/–k|;f/ u/L r'gfj dfxf]n
cfkm\gf] kIfdf kfg{ ufp"–ufp" / 6f]n–
6f]ndf x'gk' g]{ xf] . t/ s'g} g]tf tyf
sfo{stf{x? ufp"–ufp" / 6f]n–6f]n t
s] lhNnf ;b/d'sfddf klg b]lvPsf
5}gg\ . ;a} pDd]bjf/L xTofpg] gfddf
/fhwfgL s] l Gb| t ePsf 5g\ .
:yfgLo:t/sf g]tfx? pDd]bjf/L xTofpg
/fhwfgL uPklg pgsf s]Gb|Lo g]tfx?
r'gfj x'g] xf] ls x}g eg]/ bf];f"wdf 5g\ .
Pdfcf]jfbL, Pdfn] sf"u;] | nufotsf ;a}
bnx?df g]skf–dfcf]jfbL nufotsf] ##
bnLo df]rf{nfO{ h;/L ePklg r'gfjdf
Nofpg'kg]{ c8fg /fVg] g]tfx? lbgk|ltlbg
al9/x]sf 5g\ . clg /fhwfgL k'us
] f
:yfgLo:t/sf g]tfx?n] klg g]skf–
dfcf]jfbL nufotsf] ## bnLo df]rf{nfO{
h;/L ePklg r'gfjdf Nofpg'kg]{ ;'emfj
lbO/x]sf 5g\ . lsgls ef]ln åGå eof]
eg] To;sf] k|ToIf df/ kg]{ eg]sf] :yfgLo
sfo{stf{x?nfO{ g} xf] .
Psflt/ kf6L{ l eqs} s] G b| L o
g] t fx?sf] bafa, csf{ l t/
:yfgLo:t/sf sfo{stf{x?sf] bafa,
To:t} ljleGg dfgj clwsf/jfbL tyf
gful/s cu'jfx? / ljleGg k]zf
Joj;foLx?sf] klg bafa s] 5 eg]
g]skf–dfcf]jfbL nufotsf] ## bnLo
df]rf{nfO{ h;/L ePklg r'gfjdf
Nofpg}k5{ . o:tf] bafasf aLr klg
x/]s kf6L{df ljleGg u'6 / pku'6sf/0f
cGt/;+3if{ To:t} rls{Psf] 5 .
ToxLsf/0f sltko /fhgLlts kf6L{x?
3f]if0ffkq tof/ ug{ / pDd]bjf/L tf]Sg
;ls/x] s f 5} g g\ . ;a} e Gbf w] / }
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjsf] jsfnt
ul//x]sf] Pdfcf]jfbLleq r/d ?kdf

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )@ hf];c nf; )&)@

ko{6g ljz]if
gf}afhf nf]kf]Gd'v

sf7df8f}F . sf7df8f}F pkTosfsf] g]jf/ ;d'bfodf ahfOg] k|rlnt Pj+ kfFr
;o jif{ k'/fgf] Oltxf; af]ss
] f] gf}afhf nf]kf]Gd'v cj:yfdf k'us
] f] 5 . dNnsfnLg
;dodf ag]sf gf}afhf g]jf/ ;d'bfodf k|To]s rf8kj{ bfkmf ehg, k"l0f{df,
PsfbzL, ljleGg hfqf, d]nfnufot kj{df g]jf/L ;d'bfoleq lgs} ahfOg]
gf}afhfsf] cfsif{0f 36\b} uPsf] 5 . gf}afhfaf6 kfOg] km/s ;fËLlts w'gaf6}
s'g rf8kj{ / df};d xf] eGg] 5'6o\ fpg ;lsg] eP klg hfqf tyf kj{s}
cfw'lgs afhf lelqPkl5 ;fF:s[lts klxrfg / Oltxf; af]ss
] f] gf}afhfsf]
cl:tTj vt/fdf k'us
] f] xf] . Psflt/ gf}afhf ahfpg] hgzlStsf] cefj /
cfly{s ;d:of tyf csf{lt/ cfw'lgs afhfn] 7fpF cf]u6\b} cfPkl5 gf} afhf
hf]lvddf k/]sf] afhf vnsf kbflwsf/L atfpF5g\ . gf}afhf g]jf/L ;d'bfodf
dxTjk"0f{ dflgg] ljz]if afhf ePsf] ;+:s[tsdL{ zDe' d'gsdL{ atfpF5g\ . gf}
afhfcGtu{t gu/f, lwdf, nfnlvª, 9fFrf, klZrdf, 9f]ns, sf]Qf / s/lvª
k5{g\ . Ps k6ssf] rf8df ;f] afhf ahfpg ?= tLg xhf/b]lv ^) xhf/;Ddsf]
vr{ kg]{ gf}afhf vnn] hgfPsf] 5 . vnsf cg';f/ g]jf/L ;d'bfosf rf8kj{df
ljz]if ef]hsf] cfof]hgfdf ;d]t of] afhf ahfpg] k/Dk/f 5 . cfDbfgLsf]
d'Vo ;|ft] dflgg] u'7L hUufaf6 s't p7fpg g;Sbf afhf dd{t ug{;d]t
;d:of pTkGg ePsfn] gf} afhfcGtu{t dxTjk"0f{ afhf hL0f{ cj:ydf k'us
] f]
afhf vnsf /3'gfy sfo:ysf] u'gf;f] 5 . eStk'/ gu/ If]qleqsf 5 7fpFdf
of] afhf ahfpg] ul/Psf] eP klg clxn] eg] of5], bQfqo / 6f}d9Ldf dfq} of]
ahfpg] ul/Psf] vnn] hgfPsf] 5 . afhf wfld{s cf:yf / k/Dk/fdf
afFlwP/ ahfpg'kg]{ lgod 5 . rf8kj{cg';f/ s';n
' ] -skfnL_ hfltn] ahfpg]
ljz]if afhf ePsfn] o;nfO{ s';n' a] fhf klg elgG5 . afhf ahfpg] hgzlSt
gx'bF f Ps} hgfn] ;a} 7fpF Nofpg'kg]{ / o'jf k':tfn] rf;f] glbPkl5 afhf
ahfpg] sfd a"9fkfsfdf dfq ;Lldt ePsf] 5 . o'jf k':tfn] ;f] afhf
l;Sg 5f8]kl5 a"9fkfsf ;+/If0f ug{ lgs} ufx|f] ePsf] atfpF5g\ . xfn afhf
ahfpg gf}hgf dfG5]sf] pkl:ylt x'g ;d]t ufx|f] x'g] u/]sf] 5 . hlt hgf
dfG5] hDdf eP Toltn] dfq afhf ahfpg] ul/Psf] vnsf sfo:yn] atfP
. k/Dk/fut¿kdf afhf ahfpg cy{efj x'bF f gf}afhf hf]ufpg lgs} sl7gfO
ePsf] u'gf;f] pgLx¿sf] 5 . ;+:s[tsdL{ d'gsdL{sf cg';f/ gu/sf w]/}
7fpFdf ahfOg] gf}afhfsf u'?sf] cefj / gofF k':tfdf afhf l;Sg] rfxgfsf]
sdLn] ubf{ afhf hf]ufpg ufx|f] eO/x]sf] 5 . ljz]if ;dodf ahfOg] afhfsf]
5'§} dxTj /xg] u/]sf] atfpFb} pgn] afhf nf]k x'g glbg gofF k':tfnfO{
l;sfpg'kg]d{ f hf]8 lbP .
g]tT[ jsf aLrdf ;+3if{ rln/x]sf] 5 .
To;dfly klg Pdfcf]jfbLleq /fi6«3ftL
eg]/ JofVof ul/Psf] ljKkf ;Demf}tfnfO{
3f]if0ffkqdf s;/L pNn]v ug]{ eGg]
ljifodf afa'/fd / k'iksdnaLr ljjfb
sfod} 5 . o:tfsf/0fn] /fhgLlts
kf6L{ x ?n] rsf] { – rsf] { :j/df
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj u/fO{ 5f8\g]
atfPklg d+;L/ $ df ;+ljwfg;ef
r' g fj x' g ;Sg] jftfj/0f x/] s
/fhgLlts kf6L{x?aLr alg/x]sf] 5}g .
cem ;]gf kl/rfng ug]{ lg0f{o
/fhgLlts ?kdf ePklg Jojxfl/s
?kdf sl7g aGb} u}/x]sf] 5 . lsgls
;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjdf kl/rfng x'g
g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ cfjZos kg]{ ef}lts
;fdfu|L / ;jf/L ;fwg v/Lb ug{df
sfg"gL k|so[ f afws aGg] b]lvPsf] 5 .
;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj x'g s/La 8]9 dlxgf
dfq af"sL /x"bf ;]gfnfO{ cfjZos kg]{
;fdfg / uf8L v/Lb ug{ k|so[ f g}
rnfp"bf klg sDtLDf tLg dlxgf nfUg]
cj:yf 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf
;fwgljxLg eP/ ;]gf kl/rfng x'gs
' f]
cf}lrTo klg /x"bg} . oL / o:tf sf/0fn]
ubf{ klg cfufdL d+;L/ $ bf];|f]
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj x'g] ;Defjgf
b]lv+b}g . To;}n] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL
nufotsf] ## bnLo df]rf{sf] zlQmn]
cf;Gg ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj Wj:t kfg{
;Sg] lyof] ls lyPg . Tof] ljrf/0fLo
ePklg ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjdf efu
lng rfxg] /fhgLlts kf6L{x?n] cfkm\gf]
tof/L sdhf]/ ePsf] cj:yfdf Tof]
sf/0fnfO{ n'sfP/ cGtdf g]skf–
dfcf]jfbL nufotsf ## bnLo df]rf{nfO{
sf/0f b]vfp"b} ;+ljwfg;efsf] ldlt
r'gfj cfufdL r}t–j}zfvdf r'gfj
g;fnf{g\ eGg g;lsg] cj:yf 5 . olb
ef/tn] g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjdf
cfkm\gf ;}lgs g} t}gfy u/]/ xf];\ of
ljleGg lts8d / hfn;f"emL u/]/
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj ul/of] eg] klg
d'ns
' 7"nf] eL8Gtdf hfg] ;Defjgf
a9]/ uPsf] 5 .
dfcf] j fbL nufotsf] df] r f{ n ] s]
unf{ <
dfcf]jfbL nufotsf] df]rf{n t
;+ l jwfg;efdf hfg] /fhgLlts
kf6L{x?nfO{ lgif]wsf] /fhgLlt z'? u/]sf]
b]lvPsf] 5 . p;n] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] s8f
vfnsf] ;+3if{sf] sfo{qmdn] oxL b]lvfPsf]
5 . r'gfjdf ;xefuL x'g] ;a}
pDd]bjf/x?nfO{ æn]08'k bf]hÆ{] sf] ?kdf
JofVof u/L af]nfpg] ePsf] 5, ;f]
df]rf{n] . pgLx?nfO{ 3/, kl/jf/ tyf
;dfhaf6 jlxisf/ ug]{ gLlt ckgfPsf]

5 . pDd]bjf/nfO{ ;fdflhs jlxisf/
ug]{ gLlt cg'?k ljleGg ufp"–ufp"x?df
r'gfj k|rf/–k|;f/ lgif]lwt If]q cyf{t\
c3f]lift hg;Qf Ao't" fpg] ePsf] 5 .
To:tf] c3f]lift hg;Qfdf hl/jfgf u/]/
hgcbfntnfO{ klg cl3 ;fg]{ ;+st]
ldn]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjnfO{
k"0f{ ?kdf Wj:t kfg{ ;f] df]rf{n] k|rf/–
k|;f/b]lv s'g} klg sfd ug{ glbg bzlbg]
cfd x8tfn 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . o;
cfdx8tfnsf] bafan] cGo /fhgLlts
bnx? cf;Gg ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj ;f/]/
uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngdf cfpg jfWo kfg]{
gLlt ;f] df]rf{n] lnPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 .
olb of] bafanfO{ ;/sf/n] ;fdfGo ?kdf
lnof] eg] df]rf{sf sfo{stf{x?n]
pDd]bjf/nfO{ cfkm\gf] sAhfdf lng]
eg]kl5 ;'/Iff lgsfox? df]rf{sf
sfo{stf{x?lj?4 vlgPsf] cj:yfdf
eL8Gt x'g] ;Defjgf /xG5 .
;dfwfg s] xf] <
cGttM olb h;n] h] eg]klg
cfGbf]ng/t zlQm / ;+;bjfbLx?aLr
cfk;df jftf{ ga;L ;'v} 5}g . h;n]
h] hlt c6]/ u/]klg / bafa lbPklg
ldngljGb' eg]sf] km]l/ klg uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng g} x'g] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf] 5 .
lsgls clxn]sf] pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts
;+oGqsf g]tfx? Psk6s ToxL uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng ug{ ;xdt ePsf lyP . t/
Tof] uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng zlQmzfnL x'gk' 5{ .
To; uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngn] ;+ljwfgsf
cfwf/e"t ljifoj:t'x?dfly ;xdlt
h'6fpg] / /fhgLlts kf6L{sf g]tfx?sf]
g]tT[ jdf ;/sf/ u7g u/L cfjZostf
cg';f/ ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj, ;+;bLo
r'gfj jf Pp6f ;+ljwfg ;'emfj pRr:t/Lo
cfof]u u7g ug{ ;Sg]5 / ;+ljwfg hf/L
x'g;S5 . To;kl5 ag]sf] ;+;bn] To;
;+ljwfgnfO{ cg'df]bg ug]5{ . o;/L aGg]
;+;b eg] k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL
cg'?k x'g'k5{ . o:tf] cj:yfdf
/fhgLlts kf6L{x?sf k|ltlglwx?
;dfg'kflts ?kdf k|ltlglwTj ug]5
{ g\ .
To:tf] ;+;b lgdf{0f dfq x}g, ToxL
;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnLaf6 ePsf]
k|ltlglwTjsf] cfwf/df ;a} /fhgLlts
bnx?nfO{ ;/sf/df klg ;xeflutfsf]
;'lglZrt x'gk5{ . o;n] ubf{ ;/sf/
k|ltkIfljxLg x'g5
] . t/ ;+;bdf nlug]
x/]s k|:tfjdf eg] x/]s kf6L{n] cfkm\gf]
wf/0ff /fVg ;Sg]5g\ eg] Tof] k|:tfjnfO{
ax'dtsf cfwf/df kfl/t u/L ;/sf/n]
ToxL k|:tfj cg'?k sfd ug{ jfWo
agfOg'k5{ . of] ljlw g} clxn]sf] cj:yfdf
sfg"gljxLg ag]sf] cj:yfdf g]kfnnfO{
7Ls 7fp"df Nofpg] ;xL pkfo xf] .

5

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/fatOfc t]u )@ hf];c nf; )&)@

zflGt k|so[ f / ;+oQ
' m /fi6« ;+3df kq
c;+j}wflgs tyf cnf]stflGqs
ljlw ckgfO{ $ bnn] dfq !! j'bF ]
;xdtLdf @% j'Fb] jfwf c8sfp
km' s fp cfb] z dfkm{ t zlQm
k[ y lss/0fsf] l;4fGt ljkl/t
jfxfnjfnf k|wfg GofoflwznfO{
;/sf/ x:tfGt/0f ug{ ;xdt x'g'
tyf ljb]zL zlQmsf] bjfjdf jfWo
ePsf] :jLsf/f]lQmn] b]zsf] ;fj{ef}d
tyf :jflwgtfdfly vt/fsf] cg'ej
ul/Psf] 5 . clwgfosjfb tyf
lg/+s'z z}nLn] k|ltkIf nf]stflGqs
/fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ lgof] l ht
¿kdf jflx/ /fv]/ ;]gfsf] jndf
cf}lrTo lxg slyt ;+ljwfg ;efsf]
lgjf{rg :jtGq lgikIf / eo /lxt
x'g ;Sb}g t/klg hj/hl:t lgjf{rg
u/fO{ ;j{;Qfjfbdf cfwfl/t blno
:jfy{L{ rl/q k|:t't ug'{ hgtfsf]
;fj{ef}d clwsf/ nf]stflGqs k2tL
tyf ljlwsf] zf;gsf] xgg xf] eGg]
ljin]z0f ul/G5 . g]kfnsf] j[xt
zflGt ;Demf}tf cGtu{tsf ljifoj:t'
;+ljwfg ;ef k'/f ug{ kg]{ bfloTjnfO{
cf] e m] n df kf/L ;QfkIf rf/
/fhgLlts bn hgtf k|lt pQ/bfoL
e'ldsf lgjf{x ug{ c;dy{ /xg' tyf
eljiodf j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tfnfO{
;fy{s lgsf; lbg] tyf ;+ljwfg
jgfpg ;Sg] s'g} cfwf/ tyf ;+st]
b]vf gk/]sf] x'bF f cGt/fli6«o hutsf]
Wofgsif{0f u/fpgsf nflu ## bnLo
df]rf{sf 36s bn g]kfn /fli6«o
nf]stflGqs bnn] ;d]t g]kfn l:yt
;+oQ
' m /fi6« ;+3sf] cfj;Lo k|ltgLlw
dfkm{t dxfdlxd dxf;lrj jfg ls
d'g Ho" nfO{ g]kfnsf] zflGt k|lqmofsf]
cg'udg ug{] jf/]sf] ljifodf kqfrf/
u/]sf] cj:yf 5 .
æ/fhgLlts bnx¿ jLrsf]
;xdtLsf] b:tfj]h cGtl/d ;+ljwfg
)^# df cfwfl/t /lx zf;g Joj:yf

;~rfng eO{/x]sf] cj:yf xf] .
;'lgof]lht ¿kdf s]xL bnx¿sf]
clwgfosjfb tyf lg/+sz
' rl/q xfjL
eO{ ;+ljwfg ;ef lg/y{s lj36g
ul/P kZrft wf/f #^ s jdf]lhd
/fi6«kltn] ;+lawfgsf] ;+/Ifs /
kfngfsf] x}l;otaf6 /fhgLlts
;xdtLsf] cfwf/df wf/f #* -!_
jdf]lhd ;/sf/ u7g cfXjfgdf
j}wflgs k|so[ f k'/f u/L g]kfn /fli6«o
nf]stflGqs bnn] cd/ s]=;L=sf]
g]tT[ jdf /fhgLlts ;xdtLo ;/sf/
u7g k| s [ o fdf ;xefuL /x] s f]
cj:yfdf pQm lgj]bg k|so[ fsf] pk]Iff
ub} { PsfPs c;+ j } w flgs tyf
cnf]stflGqs tj/n] /fi6«klt, rf/
bnsf g]tf tyf jfxfnjfnf k|wfg
GofofwLzsf] ldnf]dtf]df !! j'Fb]
/fhgLlts b:tfj]hsf] cfwf/df ;Qf
clwg:y u/L k|wfg GofofwLzsf]
;/sf/ u7g ul/Psf] cj:yf xf] .
o; ljifodf ;jf{R] r cbfntdf k/]sf]
l/6 lgj]bg ljrf/fwLg cj:yfdf
/x]sf] dxfdlxd Ho" ;dIf cjut
u/fpg rfxG5f}+ ,Æ kqdf pNn]v
ul/Psf] 5 ..
o;}u/L æ@))^ l8;]Da/ * df
ePsf] ;Demf}tf cg';f/ ;+o'Qm /fi6«
;+ 3 sf] dWo:ytfaf6 zflGt
k|lqmofnfO{ lg¿k0f ug{] nufot dfgj
clwsf/sf] ljZjJofkL 3f]if0ff kq
!($* tyf cGt/fli6«o dfgjLo
sfg'g tyf dfgj clwsf/ ;DjlGw
cfwf/e't l;4fGtsf] dfGotfx¿ tyf
k|ltj4tf lj?4 tyf c;+j}wflgs
tyf cnf]stflGqs jt{dfg ;/sf/n]
wf/f !^^ pkwf/f # sf] cg';'rL $

;+u ;DjlGwt lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf
ljkl/t ;]gf kl/rfng ug]{ cWofb]z
kfl/t u/] kZrft PstkmL{ ¿kaf6
zflGt k|lqmof e+u u/]sf] cj:yf 5 .
/fhgLlts / ;+a}wflgs hl6ntf
;[hgf u/L wf/f !%* k|of]u u/L afwf
c8sfp km'sfp dfkm{t cGt/fli6«o
hutsf] /f]xj/df ul/Psf] j[xt zflGt
;Demf}tf @)^# ljkl/t ;+lawfgtM
zflGt ;Demf}tf e+u u/]sf] kl/l:ytL
5 . Ps kIf 4Gb/t ljb|f]xL zlQm
g] s kf–dfcf] j fbL / nf] s tflGqs
dfGotf /fVg] /fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{
lgif]w u/]sf] cj:yf /x]sf] ljBdfg
kl/l:yltn] nf]stflGqs Joj:yf /
;+jw} flgs tyf /fhgLlts Pj+ zflGt
k|lqmof dfly hl6ntf pTkGg ePsf]
5 . Æ kqdf elgPsf] 5 .
pQm kqdf æzflGt ;Demf}tf
ePsf] ^ dlxgf leq k'/f ug'{ kg]{
;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]u
,j]kQf cfof]u tyf ;+ljwfg ;ef jf6
;+ljwfg jgfpg kg]{ bfloTjnfO{ pk]Iff
ub}{ ubf{ nfdf] ;do b]lv 4Gb lkl8t
hgtfn] Gofojf6 jl~rt /xg k/]sf]
oyfy{ ljZj ;fd' k|i6 5 . csf]t{ km{
cgldg4f/f k| d fl0ft ul/Psf]
cTofw'lgs s]xL yfg xltof/ ljb|f]lx
zlQm ;+u oyfjt /x]sf] cj:Yff 5
eg] zflGt k|lqmof k"0f{ ePsf] cj:yf
dfGo 5}g . 8f = jfj'/fd ;/sf/n]
;/sf/ / ljb|f]lx b'j} kIfsf] zflGt
k|s'ofnfO{ k'/f u/fpg tyf zflGt
k|lqmofnfO{ cg'udg ug{] cgldgsf]
;dofjwL yk gu/L lkmtf{ k7fpg'
ulNt ePsf] cj:yf xf] . ctM xfn
;/sf/ kIfn] g]kfnsf] cGtl/d

;+lawfgsf] wf/f !^^ sf] pkwf/f #
;Fu ;DalGwt cg';"rL $ df /x]sf]
lj:t[t zflGt ;+emf}tfsf] pNn+3g
u/]sf]n] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3df @))^
h'nfO{ @ df k7fPsf] kq cg';f/
cGt/fli6«o hutsf] /f]xj/df ul/Psf]
;/sf/—ljb|fx] L b'j} kIfsf] lgj]bg
jdf]lhd ljZjJoflk dfgjLo d"No /
dfGotfsf cfwf/df ePsf] zflGt
;Demf}tf k'0f{ ¿kdf sfof{Gjog ug{
u/fpg kxn sbd /xf];\ eGg] s'/fsf]
Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg rfxG5f}+ . Æ eGg]
Joxf]/f pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .
pQm kqsf] cfzo b]zdf ljBdfg
zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ ;/sf/ kIfn] afwf
c8sfp km'sfp cfb]z dfkm{t Ps
kIfLo 9Ëaf6 e+u u/]sf] sf/0fn]
zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ ;/sf/ kIf /
tTsflng ljb| f ] x L kIf elgPsf]
dfcf]jfbLn] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3nfO{
kqfrf/ u/]sf] cj:yfnfO{ dWo] gh/
u/L k7fO{Psf] xf] .
b]zdf k'g 4Gb / czflGt ;[hgf
eO{ ;du| /fhgLlts k|lqmof g}
cj?4 x'g hfg] vfnsf] ;+lawfg
;efsf] bf];f| ] lgjf{rg b]z / hgtfsf]
nflu kmnbfoL gx'g] cj:yf b]lvG5 .
To;sf/0f b]zsf] k|d'v /fhgLlts
zlQmx¿sf] s]xL c+z jflx/ a;]/
b]zn] :yfoL zflGt k|fKt ug{;
] Sg]
;Defjgf 5}g eg] b]zdf ;+lawfg
klg aGg ;Sg] jftfj/0f 5}g . ctM
hjh{ l :taf6 ug{ vf] l hPsf]
lgjf{rgnfO{ s]xL ;do k/ ;f/]/ eP
klg b]zdf ljBdfg jfdklGy zlQm,
/fi6«jfbL zlQm / nf]stflGqs zlQmsf]
k|ltlglwTj /fVg] ;a} /fhgLlts
bnx¿sf] ;xdltaf6 b]znfO{ lgsf;
lbg ;Sg] ;fy{s ;+lawfg ;efsf]
lgjf{rg x'g' kb{5 eGg] ljZn]if0f
ul/G5 .
n]vs g]kfn /fli6«o nf]stflGqs b

cj:yfdf xTof u/L lgr sd{ u/]sf
lyP . o;sf] kl/0ffd :j?k cfkm\gf]
hGdb]lv g} lgwf/df /x]sf] dl0fnfO{
s6fpg afWo ePsf pgL sd{ lu/]sf
AolQm lyP .
/fhf bz/yn] cfkm\gf Pshgf
/fgLnfO{ klg sfa'df /fVg g;sL
lg/k/fwL 5f]/f /fdrGb|nfO{ agaf;
k7fpg ;Sg] AolQm x'g\ / ;DklQsf]
ef]u ug{ g;lsg] lyP .
eujfg /fdrGb| cfkm\gL /fgL ;Ltf
clt klta|tf eGg] oyfy{ hfgsf/L x'b+ f
x'b+ } k|;t' L x'g] cj:yfdf lgh{g agdf
kmfNg nufPsf / kl5 cfkm\g} 5f]/fx?nfO{
;d]t lrGg g;Sg] zq'gfzL lyP .
/fhf gx'in] csf{sL /fgLnfO{ cfkm\gf]
agfpgsf] nflu dxfg\ Clifd'gLx?nfO{
af]sfpg nufP/ klg nflQn] ;d]t
xfGg] cx+sf/L lyP .
b'of{w] g x'g kf08jx?nfO{ cg]s
5nsk6 u/L agjf; k7fpg ;Sg] /
c? b]zsf /fhfx?af6 ;d]t xf/L
ckdflgt x'g] lyP .
eLid lktfDx lyP, h:n] b]z
ljb]zsf /fhfx? ;d]t ePsf] b'of{w] sf]
;efdf cfkm\g} gflta'xf/L b|fk} bLsf]
kml/of km'sfnL lgj{:q kf/L a]OHh u/]tf
klg s'g} OG;fkm ug{ g;Sg] sfo/ lyP .
o'lwli7/ h:n] h'jf -af/df;]_ v]nL
;j{Zj xf/L ;s] klg km]/L h'jf v]nL
xf/]/ kl/jf/;lxt agaf; hfg' kg],{
;TojfbL lyP .
To:tf dxfk'?ifx?sf] :d/0f u/L
cIftfsf] l6sf nufO{ ;+:s[lt arfO{
/fVg ;Sg] xfdL g]kfnL hgtf xf}+ .
km] / L g] k fnLx?n] a8f bz} +
dfgLcfPsf sf/0f x'g Ù
zf:q, k'/f0f, syflb cg';f/ ;[li6sf]
piffsfnb]lv b]j bfgjx? aLrdf n8fO
eO/xGYof] . cS;/ u/L b]ju0fx? xf/
g} eO/xg] x'gfn], pxfFx?af6 dxfdfof
eujtL k|fb'ef{j u/fO{ pg} eujtLåf/f

dlxiff;'/, b}Toflb ;+xf/ ul/Psf]
cj;/df pT;j dfgL cfPsf cfwf/
x'g .
To;/L g} b]j–Clifd'lgx?nfO{
bfgjx?n] 3f]/ cTofrf/k"js
{ b'Mv
lbO/xg] x'gfn] b]jtfx? Psh'6 eO
clDasflb gjb'uf{ pTkGg u/fO{ pg}
gjb'uf{x?af6 z'De–lgz'De, r08–
d'08flb bfgjx? ;+xf/ ul/Psf] klg
s'/f 5g\ .
zf:qdf pNn]v cg';f/, lx/0ofIfn]
k[YjLnfO{ ;d'Gb|df n'sfO{ /fv]sf]n]
eujfg a/fxHo'n] tL lx/0ofIfnfO{ cGTo
u/sf] .
lx/0osl;k'/n] cfkm\g} 5f]/fnfO{ b'Mv
lbg] u/L/xg] x'gfn] eujfg g[l;{x+ Ho"n]
lx/0osl;k'/nfO{ ;dfKt kfl/Psf] .
bfgj/fh aln/fhfnfO{ eujfg
afdg Ho"n] nflQn] xfgL kftfndf
ws]lnlbPsf] .
IfqLo gfz ug{ eujfg
k/z'/fdHo"af6 k[YjLdf PSsfO; kN6
;Dd rxf/]sf] .
eujfg /fdrGb|Ho"n] n+sfsf] /fhf
/fj0fnfO{ ;+xf/ u/]sf] .
eujfg >Ls[i0fn] b}To/fh s+znfO{
cGTo ul/Psf], sf}/j–kf08j aLr
dxfef/t n8fO u/fO c;+Vo ;'/jL/x?
:jfxf x'g uPsf] cflb s'/f 5g\ .
To; lsl;dsf] 36gf ePsf]
;~hf]ua; Ps} ltlydf x'g uPsf]
s'/f k'/f0fdf ePsf] x'gfn] ToxL
syflbsf] cfwf/ lnO cfh;Dd xfdLn]
lahof bzdL dfgL cfPsf xf}+ eG5g\ .
km]/L c? klg egfO cg';f xfdL
g]kfnLx?n] bz}+ kj{ -lahof bzdL_
xfd|f] ;+:sf/ -;+:s[lt_ x'g, To;}n] tL
kj{ gdfgL 5f]l8lbP eg] cfkm'nfO{ dfq
xf]Og cfkm\gf b]znfO{ ;d]t ljleGg
tl/sfsf] cfkb, ljkb cfpg ;Sg]
eGg] 8/ qfz h:tf xfjfbf/L s'/fsf]
cfwf/df / k/Dk/fb]lv rnL cfPsf]

;+:s[ltnfO{ c+ufnL bz}+ kj{ dfgL cfPsf]
eGg] s'/fx? klg 5g\ .
To;/L ljleGg axfgf c+ufnL bz}+
kj{ dfGg xfd|f g]kfn ;/sf/af6
cg]sg b]j b]jLx? sxfF, b]ze/Lsf
l;kfxL, k' l n; cflbsf] , sf] t ,
Aof/] s flbdf /x] s f xftxltof/,
;+uLga:t'x?df k'hf ug{ rflxg] /sd
/ kz'klG5x? hlt rflxg] xf] To;sf]
klg rflxg] /sd k|bfg ul/G5 .
wd{sf] gfdaf6 h'g k/Dk/fb]lv
a8f bz}+ dgfpg lx+;f sd{ u/L rnfO
cfPsf] sfd eGbf lx+;f sd{ gu/L
bz}+ kj{ dfGg ;s] emg a9L -oyfy{_
wd{ nfU5 eGg] s'/f ;j{ljlbt x'g .
tyflk ca pk|fGt b]j b]jLsf] dlGb/,
Aof/]s, sf]t, cflb 7fpFdf bz}+ k'hf
ug{ lx+;f sd{ u/fO{ cfPsf Joj:yfnfO{
lx+;f sd{ gu/L z'4 k'hf ug{sf] nflu
dfq /sd lgsf;f ;DalGwt lgsfoaf6
:jLs[lt ug{' xf]nf eGg] cfzf lnO b]zsf
hgtfx?sf] cg'/f]w 5 .
k'gZrM cfhef]nL @! cf} zlb
eO;Sof] / a}1flgs o'u xf] eGg] oyfy{
s'/f yfxfkfpFbf kfpFb} klg
xfdL
h:t} dflg;x?n] lgdf{0f ul/Psf afO;fOsn, l/S;f, df]6/;fOsn,
df]6/sf/ dfq xf]Og xjfO hxfh
cflb;d]t_ wd{sf] gfddf a8fbz+s
} f]
k'hfdf lg/k/fwL kz' kG5Lx?sf] aln
lbg] sfo{ sxfF ;Ddsf] Gofof]lrt xf]nf <
dfly pNn] l vt Jojxf/nfO{
ljrf/k"js
{ x]l/Pdf b]lvg cfpF5 ls
s;}n] xf]; pNn]lvt afxgx? rnfpg]
-xfFSg]_ cflb d]l;g, kf6{kh
' f{lb l7s
eO;s] kl5 xfFSg] AolQmn] xf]l;of/k"js
{
xfFlsP eg] s'g} klg lslzdsf] b'36{ gf
x'g hfnf eGg ;ls+bg} . eg] afxgx?sf]
kf6{kh
' f{ l7s 5 ls 5}g eGg] ljrf/
gu/L tL afxgx?nfO{ PslrQ efjaf6
k'hf ul/of] eGb}df 36gf–b'36{ gf x'g]
5}g eGg] sbfkL eGg ;lsb}g Û

tfhf ax;
ljhog/l;+x s];L

g]kfnLx?sf] dxfg\ rf8 a8fbz}+
gflgefO ldvfåld

xfd|f]
g]kfnLx?sf] bz}
kj{ -lahof
bzdL_ cflZjg
z'Sn ! b]lv
cflZjg !% ;Dd
dgfOG5 . ;f] kj{
dgfpg hd/f pdf/]/ k'hf ug{] rng
5 . dxfci6dL, gjdLsf lbg ;/sf/L
lgod cg';f/ a;Gtk'/ xg'dfg 9f]sf l:yt
t'nhf ejfgL / cGo 7fpFdf /x]sf
b]jb]jLsf dlGb/x?, ;}lgs, k|x/Lsf Aof/]s
Pj+ sf]t cflb 7fpFx?df /fFuf], af]sf, xfF;,
s'v/' f OToflbsf] aln lbg] ub{5g\ . tL
kz' kG5Lx?sf cfnf] /ut b]j b]jLx?nfO{
r9fpg] ub{5g\ . hgtfx?df klg cf–
cfkm\gf 3/sf k'hf sf]7fdf cfkm\gf] Joj;fo,
sfd cg';f/sf ;fwg, cf}hf/x?nfO{ k'hf
u/L kz'kG5Lsf] cfnf] /ut aln lbO
r9fpg] rng 5 . o;f] ubf{ b]jb]jLx?
v'l; x'G5g\ eGg] wf/0ff /x]sf] kfOG5 .
aln lbPsf tL kz'kG5Lx?sf] df;' k|;fbsf]
?kdf vfG5g\ . bz}s
+ f] ljhof bzdL b]lv
k"l0f{df ;Dd cfkm\gf dfGohg Pj+
gftfuf]tfx?sf]df uO l6sf yfkL cflzjf{b
lng] rng 5 . dfGohgaf6 l6sf
nufOlb+bf cflzjfb{ lb+b} Pp6f Znf]s
afrg ul/G5 .
cfo" b|f]0f;'t], >Lo+ bz/y], zq'Ifod\ /f3j] .
P]Zjo{d gx'if], ultZr kjg], dfg+r b'of{]wg] ..
zf}o{ zfGt ge], an+ xnw/] , ;To+r s'GtL;'t] ...
lj1fg] ljb'/] eat'ejtf+ lslt{Zr gf/fo0f] ....
o;/L cfl;jf{b lnO;s] kl5
h:tf];s
' } lx+;fsd{ u/]tf klg kfkaf6
pGd'lQm kfOg] ljZjf; cfhko{Gt ub{}
cfO/x]sf 5g\ .
pQm Znf]sf] cy{nfO{ lagf cfu|x–
k"jf{ux| lgikIf?kdf ljrf/ ug]]{ xf] eg]
laNs'n ldNb}g . lsgeg], b|f0] ffrfo{sf
5f]/f cZjyfdfn] b|fk] bLsf kfFrefO{
5f]/fx?nfO{ o'4 lgod ljkl/t ;'lt/x]s}

o"PO{n] /]ld6\ofG;df s/ nufpg]
sf7df8f}F . o'gfO6]8 c/a Old/]6;\ -o"PO{_ n] cfˆgf] d'ns
' af6 aflxl/g]
/]ld6\ofG;df s/ nufpg] tof/L u/]sf] 5 . s/sf] b/ / nfUg] ju{af/] lg0f{o eO{
g;s] klg ;/sf/n] o:tf] of]hgfdf ;/f]sf/jfnf;Fu 5nkmn ul//x]sf] 5 .
dWok"ja{ f6 k|sfzg x'g] c/laog lahg]; 86 sddf k|sflzt ;dfrf/df b'aO{
r]Da/ ckm sd;{ PG8 OG8l:6«hsf k|dv
' sfo{sf/L clws[t xdb a'cflddn]
o:tf] k|:tfjaf/] 5nkmn eO/x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . o"PO{ ;/sf/sf] of] of]hgf nfu"
eP sl/a # nfv %) xhf/ g]kfnL sfdbf/nfO{ c;/ ug{5
] . g]kfnaf6 w]/}
sfdbf/ hfg] rf}yf] d'ns
' o"PO{ xf] . o"PO{sf] s'n hg;+Vof *) nfvdWo] ()
k|ltzt cfk|jf;L sfdbf/ x'g\ . h;df blIf0f Pl;ofnL / clk|msL d'ns
' sf w]/}
5g\ . o"PO{sf] s]lGb|o a}s
+ sf cg';f/ @)!@ df !@ ca{ #) s/f]8 cd]l/sL 8n/
/]ld6\ofG;sf ¿kdf aflxl/Psf] lyof] .Ú ToxfFsf] ;/sf/n] s/ nufpFbf g]kfn leqg]
7"nf] k'h
F Ldf c;/ k5{Ú cy{dGqfnosf ;Nnfxsf/ lr/~hLjL g]kfnn] eg], …of]
g]kfnsf nflu vt/fsf] 306L klg xf] .Ú o"PO{sf] sbd cGo d'ns
' n] klg kR5\ofpg
;Sg] / To:tf] x'bF f d'ns
' sf] cy{tGqdf 7"nf] c;/ kg]{ pgn] atfP . …w]/} k};f d'ns
'
aflx/ ghfcf];\ eg]/ o:tf] ;f]lrPsf] x'g ;S5,Ú pgL eG5g\ . g]kfnn] /f]huf/
uGtJo kl/jt{g ug{ g;Sg] / clwsf+z cbIf sfdbf/ lab]lzg] ePsfn] ;d:of
yk a9\g ;Sg] pgn] atfP . …xfdLsxfF /]ld6\ofG;nfO{ d'Vo ;|ft] sf ¿kdf x]l/G5,Ú
pgL eG5g\, …To;sf] ljsNk gx'bF f ;d:of k5{ .Ú /]ld6\ofG;df lge{/ eP/ d'ns
'
nfdf] ;do rNg g;Sg] t/ ;/sf/÷ /fhgLlts bnn] o;af/] g;f]rs
] f] pgL
atfpF5g\ . …/]ld6\ofG;sf sf/0f l;Q}df 9's6' L el/Psf] 5,Ú pgn] eg], …of] ljifodf
;a} ;r]t x'gk' 5{ .Ú o"PO{ g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] rf}yf] 7"nf] uGtJo eP klg ToxfFaf6
lelqg] /sdsf] olsg tYof+s 5}g . …d'ns
' cg';f/sf] tYof+s /flvPsf] 5}g,Ú /fi6« a}s
+
cg';Gwfg ljefusf sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s dLgaxfb'/ >]i7n] eg], …To;}n] olt g} /sd
cfpF5 eGg ;lsFbg} .Ú o"PO{n] s/ nufpg] lg0f{o u/] b'O{ d'ns
' aLr s"6gLlts kxn
u/]/ ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ ;lsg] pgL atfpF5g\ . …s/ nufpg] d'ns
' nfO{ klg kmfObf
dfq} x'bF g} ,Ú pgn] eg], …cfo sd x'g] ePkl5 sfdbf/ hfg] qmddf x'g ;S5 .Ú s'n
ufx{:y pTkfbgsf] bfFhf]df w]/} /]ld6\ofG; kfpg] d'ns
' sf] ;"rLdf g]kfn rf}yf] :yfgdf
5 . ut cfly{s jif{ $ va{ #$ ca{ ¿k}ofF /]ld6\ofG; lelqPsf] lyof] . h'g cl3Nnf]
jif{eGbf $! bzdnj * k|ltzt a9L xf] . g]kfnaf6 j}bl] zs /f]huf/Lsf nflu
;a}eGbf a9L dn]l;of uPsf 5g\ . bf];f| d] f stf/ / t];f| d] f ;fpbL c/a 5 .
@)%)÷%! otf emG8} #) nfv o'jf j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf uPsf 5g\ .

ljb]zL z}lIfs d]nfdf s8fO

sf7df8f}F . g]kfndf z}lIfs d]nf tyf ;]ldgf/ ug{ / ljBfyL{ ljb]zdf
n}hfg] qmd a9]kl5 To:tf ultljlwnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ lzIff dGqfnon] z'Ns
lt/]/ :jLs[lt lnPkl5 dfq cg'dlt lbg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . g]kfnL cfof]hsn]
Ps k6ssf nflu !) xhf/ / ljb]zLn] Ps xhf/ 8n/ -sl/a Ps nfv
¿k}ofF_ lzIff dGqfnodf a'emfPkl5 dfq :jLs[lt kfpg] Joj:yf ul/Psf]
5 . lzIff dGqfnosf] 5fqj[l4 zfvfn] cgnfOgaf6} btf{sf] sfd ;'? ul/;s]sf]
5 . s]xL lbgd} efiff lzIf0f ug{, z}lIfs k/fdz{ lbg], sf]lrª tyf 6\o;
' g
k9fpg] ;+:yfnufotnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ agfPsf] lgb]l{ zsfdf z'Nssf] Joj:yf
u/L sfof{Gjogdf Nofpg nfluPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . lgb]l{ zsf @)^* df tof/
eP klg z'Nssf] ljifo 6'u+ f] gnfUbf sfof{Gjogdf cfpg ;s]sf] lyPg .

kIfLx¿sf] aw ug{] tyf df;'sf] pkef]u ug{] k|jl[ Qdf kl/jtg{ u/f+} .
a8{km\n' h:tf k+IfLhGo /f]ux¿sf] lgoGq0fdf
;xefuL agf},+
cfk"m klg arf}+ ;dfhnfO{{ klg arfcf}+ .
♦ kG5Lx¿sf] aw 3/ aflx/ kfgLsf] ;|ft] eGbf 6f9f ug{] u/f}F .
♦ s'v/' f sf6]kl5 e'O{ /fd|f;
] uF kvfNg]÷k'5g\ ] -lg;+qmd0f_ u/f}+ .
♦ aw ul/;lsPsf] s'v'/f tyf sfrf] df;'sf] nkk;af6
afnaflnsfx¿nfO{{ 6f9} /fvf}+ .
♦ df;' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/, ;'nL, Kjfv cflbnfO{{ hyfefjL
gkmfnL vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}+ .
♦ s'v/' f;Fusf] n;k; tyf df;' sf6\g] sfd ;lsPkl5 ;fa'g
kfgLn] /fd|f;
] uF xft w'g] u/f}+ .
♦ leqL efu;Dd /fd|f;
] uF kfs]sf] s'v/' fsf] df;'dfq vfg] u/f}+ .
♦ la/fdL jf d/]sf] s'v/' fsf] df;'nfO{{ s'g} klg cj:yfdf pdfn]/ jf
ksfP/ vfg] u/f}+ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif ljsf; dGqfno
kz' ;]jf ljefu

h'gf]l;; lgoGq0f cfof]hgf
a'9flgns07, sf7df8f+}
kmf]g M $^%)!@&, $^%)$(! km\ofS; g+= $^%)!@*

ul/aL, cGofo, cTofrf/,
e|i6frf/, clzIff, hftLo
e]befj xfd|f zq' x'g\ . o;sf
lj?4 ;a} ;r]t, ;hu /
lqmofzLn /xg' k b{ 5 .

g] k fn ;/sf/
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu

6

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )@ hf];c nf; )&)@

hg;flxTodf ylkPsf] Ps alnof] O“6 M ‘/Std'R5]n c+s/' 0f’
;flxTo / snfn] unt lrGtg
/ k|j[lQsf] e08fkmf]/ u/L gofF
kl/jt{gdf lgs} b"/ufdL e"ldsf v]Ng]
u/]sf] / To;df klg clxn];Dd
;fdGtL ;Qfn] bjfO/fv] s f
qmflGtsf/L, ;dfhjfbL, oyfy{jfbL
;flxTo / snf hgtfdf lgs}
km:6fO/x]sf] 5 . – /fds'df/L ofbj
Kf|ultjfbL lrGtg / w/ftnaf6
g} g]kfnL ;dfhn] Gofo, ;dfgtf /
:jtGqtf k|fKt ug{ ;S5 . >dhLlj,
;j{xf/fjfbL Pj+ Gofok|d
] L g]kfnL
hgtfn] pHofnf] 3fd kfpg] ck]Iff
;lxt @)%@ ;fnb]lv cgj/t
¿kdf n8]sf] o'4 g} hgo'4 xf] .
hg;/f] s f/ / hgo' 4 sf]
ljifoj:t' n fO{ cfwf/ agfP/
qmflGtsf/L, ;dfhjfbL, oyfy{jfbL
ljrf/nfO{ ;d]6L sljtf n]Vg] s[i0f
;]g …OR5'sÚ, k"0f{lj/fd, h;/fh
ls/fFtL, 3gZofd 9sfn, lbn ;xfgL,
ldqnfn k+1fgL, O{Zj/rGb| 1jfnL,
dft[sf kf]v/]n, /fdk|;fb 1jfnL,
hubLzrGb| e08f/L, xl/uf]ljGb
n'OF6]n, k'0o sfsL{, b]jL g]kfn,
clgn kf}8]n, /d]z e6\6/fO{, ;'wf
lqkf7L, cd/ lu/L, wL/]Gb| k|]dlif{,
/fdljqmd yfkf, xL/fdl0f b'MvL, ;'sd'
zdf{, k|bLk afnfrg, u+uf >]i7,
czf]s ;'j]bL, /fhs'df/ s'Fj/, dl0f
yfkf, ;To kxf8L, ;/nf /]UdL, nIdL
dfnL, v]d yklnof, 8LkL 9sfn,
gd'gf, Pd a6'jf, dx]Zj/ zdf{,
r]tsfGt rfkfufO{,F /ljls/0f lghL{j,
l;h{gf 9sfn, aGbgf 9sfn, g'd/fh
a/fn, gf/fo0f kl/>dL, kf]if/fh
kf}8]n, hLjg zdf{, /fh]Gb| kf}8]n,
;Ldf zdf{, x]d/fh kxf/L, ;l/tf
ltjf/L, gf/fo0f d/fl;gL, s[0f/fh
clwsf/L, s] b f/ zdf{ 9sfn,
k"0f{jxfb'/ clwsf/L, dfwjk|;fb
;'j]bL, lgef zfx, j]0f' cfrfo{,
/fdk|;fb h};L, o1jxfb'/ 8fFuL,
b]j]Gb| kf}8]n, cf/kL ltldlN;gf,
clgn >]i7, efg' e08f/L, o1/fh
k|;fO{, lbg]z b'nfn, zf]ef yfkf,
sdnf /f]Ssf, r'g' u'?ª, u0f]z
e08f/L, df]bgfy d/x7\7f, jfGtjf
j;Gt, hgs dxtf/f, wg] Z j/
kf]v/]n, clgn zdf{, ;Ltf zdf{,
s';n jf]u6L, u0f]z zfxL, kLkL
cfrfo{, o'j/fh sfkm\n], bLks
lrGts, gGbnfn cfrfo{, s]Pn
kLl8t, bLks ljZjsdf{, ch'{g
1jfnL, cf]dsf/gfy 1jfnL, slj/fh
kf}8n] , ofg]Gb| hL=;L=, emsjxfb'/ dNn,
vu]Gb| /fgf, k~rs'df/L kl/of/, nf]sG] b|
lji6h:tf bh{gf}F sljsjloqLx¿df
bl/nf] :yfg agfPsf k|ultjfbL slj
x'gf\ :– /fh]z ljb|fx] L .
hgo'4nfO{ cfkm\gf] hLjg agfP/
zf]if0f/lxt ;dfhsf] lgdf{0fdf h'6s
] f
slj ljb|f]xLsf sljtfdf ju{dfof,
pQ]hgf, 3[0ff, ;lxb>4f, :g]xsf]
km\o'hg kfOG5 . pgsf sljtfx¿
zlQmzfnL aGb'ssf uf]nLh:tf
rf]l6nf / k|efjo'Qm 5g\\ . ju{k|]dL
/ ju{3[0ffsf] efj 5tf5'Nn ¿kdf
kfOG5 . ;dfh ¿kfGt/0fsf kIfdf
slj ljb|f]xL sljtfdf v/f] ;fy
plePsf 5g\\ .
pgsf] rlr{ t …/Std' R 5] n
c+ s ' / 0fÚ sljtf ;ª\ u | x sf]
cWoogkZrft\ kf7s nIdL l/hfnn]
cfkm\gf] k|ltlqmofdf eg]sL lyOg\–
…slj /fh]z ljb|f]xLleq vfF6\6L
sljdg kfPF . sljtf ;+ u | x
…/Std'R5]n c+s'/0fÚ gl;WofO lgb|f
nfu]g . j]hf]8 n]v]5g\\ . ljz]iftM
;lxbx¿ jf/]sf sljtf k9\bf dg
eSsflgof] . d]/f] ;f}efUo g} xf] ls
hgo'4 d}bfgsf v/f / b/f efjgfsf]
kf7s x'g kfPF . slj ljb|f]xLleqsf]
sljTj efjgfnfO{ nfvf} F n fv
clejfbg . oqf] ljzfn dg / Ifdtf
;Kt/Lleq klg n' s ] s f] kfpF b f
;Kt/Lsf] ;]jfdf cfk"mn] hLjg
ljtfPsf]df clxn] /lQe/ k5'tf]
5}g . slj ljb|f]xLsf] h:t} ljrf/
ePsf dfq !)) dw] z k' q
hlGdPsf eP / ;f]xL cg'¿k sfd

gGbnfn cfrfo{
ulb{ P sf eP
dw]znfO{
s f F r ' n L
km]/fpgaf6
s;}n] /f]Sg ;Sg] lyPg .Ú qmflGt
d}bfgsf v/f / kfsf ljrf/n] el/k"0f{
sljtfs[ l t …/Std' R 5] n c+ s ' / 0fÚ
k9]kl5 o:tf efjgf dgdf cfpg'
:jefljs nfUb5 .
slj /fh]z ljb|fx] L klg g]kfnL
;dfhn] kfpFb} gkfPsf s'/f u5{g\ .
h'g s'/f] hf] sf]xLnfO{ kTofpg uf/f]
k5{ . kTofpg} g;lsg] s'/f eP klg
tL g]kfn / g]kfnLsf s6' ;To x'g\ .
x/]s sljtfsf x/kmx¿df g]kfnLsf]
b' M vnfO{ ;' v df n} h fg] pkfo
;'NemfPsf] dx;'; x'G5 . hd{g]nL,
¿;L / lrlgof hgtfn] hGdfPsf
qmdzM dfS;{ j fb, n] l ngjfb /
dfcf]jfbnfO{ cfkm\gf] cfbz{ 7fGb}
dfn]dfjfbsf] g]kfnL df6f] ;'xfpFbf]
…k|r08kyÚk|lt em'sfj, >4f, ljZjf;
vGofpg] hg8fS6/sf ¿kdf kl/lrt
slj /fh]z ljb|f]xL gfd ;/x ljb|f]xL
slj x'g\ . $& j6f sljtfx¿sf]
;+ u fnf] …/Std' R 5] n c+ s ' / 0fÚdf
;d]l6Psf ;a}h;f] sljtfx¿df ldlt
/ :yfg n]lvPsf 5g\\ . yf]/} dfq
sljtfdf oL b'a} s'/f ;d]l6Psf]
kfOGg . slj hxfF k'u] / h]n] pgnfO{
5f]of] To;nfO{ 6kSs l6k]/ dfnfdf
pGg] sfd u/]sf 5g\\ . hgo'4sf]
/0fd}bfgdf ;xof]4fx¿sf] 3fpdf
dnxdk6\6L nufpFbf, z/L/ lr/]/
uf]nL lgsfNbfsf qf;bL cj:yfsf]
;l6s lrq0f ug{ klg slj r'ss
] f
5}g . sljdg sdnf] x'G5 . hgo'4df
pq]kl5 sdnf] dgnfO{ s7f]/df
kl/0ft gu/L x'Gg . ;xof]4fx¿nfO{
u'dfpFbfsf] dd{:kzL{ If0fdf slj
zf]sfs'n ePsf b]lvG5g\\ . zf]snfO{
hf]zdf ¿kfGt/0f u/L ju{b'Zdgsf]
lsNnf tf]8\g / ;lxbsf] ;kgfnfO{
;fsf/ kfg{ cfx\jfg ug{ ;d]t slj
e' n ] s f 5} g g\ . o; k| s f/ pgL
;f]emf;Lwf lgd'vf hgtfsf tkm{af6
af] n ] s f 5g\ \ . cj:yf cg' ¿ k
sljtfdfkm{t\ g} cfGbf]lnt ag]sf 5g\\ .
sljn] cfk"mn] ef]us
] f, b]vs
] f / cg'ej
u/]sf cg'el" tx¿nfO{ snfTds tj/n]
k| : t' t ug{ ] c7f] 6 Pj+ ceLi6
sljtfnfO{ agfPsf] efg x'G5 .
Psd'77\ L ;f; z/L/df 5pF~h]n
h;n] hlt;'s} hf]/h'n'd u/] klg
/fli6«otf arfpg], gofF o'u lgDTofpg],
qmflGtdf nfuL g] k fnL hgtf
ju{b'Zdg;Fu n8\g r'Sb}gg\ eGg]
pb\3f]if ub}{ slj ljb|f]xL eG5g\\–
pHofnf] 5g\]{ rGb| / ;"o{
slxNo} lgEb}gg\
b]zsf nflu /ut lbg
g]kfnL r'Sb}gg\ . -g]kfnL_
ul/vfg] ju{sf] >d r';]/ /
vf];]/ vfg] ju{ g} b'lgofFsf] dflns
ePsf] kl/k|]Iodf ;j{xf/f ju{sf]
d'lQmsf] nflu lg/Gt/ qmflGtsf]
nfnem08f p7fpg'sf] ljsNk 5}g eGg]
3f]if0ff ub}{ slj ljb|f]xL eG5g\\–
;j{xf/f ju{sf] d'lQmsf] nflu
ljlrqsf] ;+;f/nfO{ ;lrq agfP/
lj;+ult r]tgfnfO{ ;';u+ t agfpg
cljrn hxfhsf] ofq' aGb}
lg/Gt/ qmflGtsf] /ftf] em08f p7fpFb} .
-;+;f/ / qmflGt_
hLjg lhpFg] snf yl/y/Lsf
5g\\ . cu|;f]rn] o'Qm hLjg ;fF3'/f]
s' g fdf y' l k| P / /xg ;Sb} g .
:jfledfgL hLjgn] sd{ a f6,
qmflGtaf6, ;+3if{af6 jf:tljs hLjg
vf]H5 . sljsf] egfO 5–
hLjg b'O{ 9'u+ f aLrsf] t?n xf]Og, xh'/
hLjg b'O{ 9'u+ f aLrsf] 8fOdfO6 xf], xh'/
hLjg qmflGt xf], hLjg ;+3if{ klg xf]
To;}n] qmflGtdf d hLjg vf]lh/x]5,' xh'/
cgGt;Dd qmflGts} af6f] /f]lh/x]5' . dfG5] / hLjg_
;j{xf/fx¿sf] /fHo;Qf sfod ug]{
dxfg\ nIon] k|l] /t eP/ hgo'4df
xf] l dPsf a] b k| ; fb e6\ 6 /fO{ n fO{

zfxL;Qfn] sAhfdf lnO{ lgd{dtfk"js
{
xTof u/]sf] If0fnfO{ ;DemFb} slj
;lxbx¿sf] /utn] nfvf}n
+ fv /QmaLh
qmflGtof]4f hGdfPsf] :d/0f ub{5g\\ .
ha d k:5' hgtf dfem
clg ;'G5' ltd|f phf{o'Qm ljrf/
xf], ltdLn] d[To'nfO{ k/fho u/]/} 5f8\of}
gofF /QmaLhsf] bz{g ag]/} uof} . /Std'R5]n zAb >4f~hnL_
/fi6«3ftL / ljb]zL bnfnx¿nfO{
k/flht ug{ g]kfnL e"lddf xhf/f}x+ hf/
/Std'R5]n c+s/' 0fx¿ hGd]sf] ljrf/
JoQm ub} { To:tf /Std' R 5] n
c+s/' 0fx¿nfO{ -gofF of]4fx¿nfO{_ b[9
OR5fzlQmsf ;fy d'7\7L p7fP/
;nfd ug{ slj cfx\jfg u5{g\ .
pGgt / kl/is[t r]tgfn] wgL agfpFb}
;'Gb/, zfGt, :jl0f{d ;+;f/ lgdf{0f ub}{
hlGdP hgqmflGtsf /QmaLhx¿
xhf/f}+ g]kfnL /Std'R5]n c+s/' 0fx¿ .
-/Std'R5]n c+s'/0fx¿ _
;fdGtL ;Qf dfq x}g ;f]rnfO{ g}
w/f;foL ug{ kl;gfdf ;+;f/ b]Vg]
hltnfO{ hgo'4df xf]ldg slj ljb|fx] Ln]
cfx\jfg\ u/]sf 5g\\ .
ef]s} k]6 dg'e
{ Gbf n8L dg'{ j];
d/] xfdL ;lxb x'G5f},F lht] xfd|f] k"/} b]z
ul/j klg x'gk' 5{ of] b]zsf] dflns,
afFsL /fVg x'Gg ca ;fdGtsf
;flns . -ef]sf] k]6 / hgo'4_
bafP/ al;vfg]x¿sf] Psflwsf/
x6fO{ ?l9u| : t s' ¿ k ;dfhsf]
¿kfGt/0f u/]/ ;d[4zfnL ;dfh
lgdf{0f ug]{ rfxgfaf6 k|]l/t eO{
qmflGtsf/L nfnof]4fx¿nfO{ d'lQm of
d[To'sf] kIfdf pleg cfu|x ub}{ slj
ljb|f]xL ljb|f]x cf]sNb5g\\–
d'lQm of d[To'sf]
pb\3f]ifsf ;fy
/QmlIflthdf k/]6 v]Ng]
qmflGtsf/L of]4fx¿
zf]if0f/lxt,ju{ljxLg
;dfh lgdf{0ffy{
nfda4 5g\\ cgGt;Dd . -zf]if0f
/lxt ;+;f/_
dg' j fbL ;f] r n] ;dfhnfO{
gsf/fTds ;+b]z ;Dk|]if0f u/]sf]
ljrf/ /fVb} ;f]emf] uf]? / :jfdLeQm
uwf ag]/ blntx¿n] /xg'x'Gg .
juL{o r]tgfn] cf]tk|ft] eO{ g]tT[ j
txdf k'Ug / cfkm\gf] xs clwsf/
:yflkt ug{ sDd/ s;]/ nfUg'kg]{
ljrf/ sljsf] 5 . hgo'4 ;+xf/sf]
nflu x} g , d[ T o' s f nflu x} g ,
czflGtsf x}g . lgdf{0fsf nflu,
hLjgsf nflu / zflGtsf nflu ePsf]
7x/ sljsf] 5 .
cfdf Û dg{ x}g, afFRg hfFb} 5'
clUgs'08df xf]ldg x}g, cfdf
clUgs'08 lgefpg hfFb} 5' .
n8fOF x}g, zflGt Nofpg hfFb}
5' . -Tof] 5f]/f]_
dflns / dhb'/ g5'l6\g], ;a}
hgf ldn]/ sd{df lnKt / dVv x'g],
a]/f]huf/ Pp6} gkfOg] htftt}
hg;/f]sf/sf ;'ljwf k|fKt cj:yf
leq\ofpg] dxfg\ cfsf+Iff hgo'4sf]
lyof] eGg] 7DofO sljsf] 5 . ;j{xf/f
ju{sf] cu|b:tf ag]/ hgd'lQm;]gf
b]z / hgtfnfO{ ju{j/} Laf6 arfpg
cfPsf] ljrf/ sljn] k|s6 u/]sf
5g\\ .
juL{ok|d] sf] :juL{o cfgGb
ju{sf lglDt hLjg r9fpg]
Tofu / ;dk{0fsf] dxfg\ Oltxf; e]66\ fpg]
cfxf Û slt /fd|f], slt dxfg\ . -Tof]
;'Gb/ 7fpF_
;u/dfyfsf] b] z df pbfPsf]
k| r 08ky k' F l hklt 8fsfx¿sf]
d[To'kq xf] eGb} To;sf] /fhdfu{df
lx+8\g sljn] k|]l/t u/]sf 5g\\ .
cf8ljs z:qx¿sf] aLrdf
8fOgfdfO6 agL k8\lsPsf]
xf], oxL xf] …k|r08kyÚ . -k|r08ky_
ul/a hgtfsf] kIfdf nfu]/
c;DejnfO{ ;Dej agfpg sDd/
s;]/ nfUg ;xof]4f sd/]8x¿df
sljn] lgj]bg u/]sf 5g\\ .
qmflGtsf/L g} cys / cr's

cljrn xfO–6]s xf}F
>dhLlj ju{sf] xfO–6]s qmflGt xf] .
- xfO–6]s vf]Hg]x¿_
;fdGtsf] Ps5q /fh eTsfpg]
pmhf{zLn dfgjsf] ¿kdf slj Pj+
kqsf/ s[i0f ;]g …OR5'sÚnfO{ pgn]
lrq0f u/]sf 5g\\ . sDo'lgi6 bz{g
k9]kl5 dft[e"ldsf] /Iffy{ ljb|f]xL
aGb's lnP/ d'lSto'4df xfdkmfn]sf]
k|;+u sf]6\ofpFb} sljn] k'/fgf]
;8]un]sf] ;Qf gldNsfPdf zf]lift,
pTkLl8t hgtfn] ;fFrf] d'lQm gkfpg]
7f]s'jf u/]sf 5g\\ .
g]kfnL HjnGt cf:yfx¿df hxfF
nfda4 /x] d'lStsfdLx¿ ysf{O{
;fdGtLx¿sf] Ps 5q zf;g eTsfO{
x'sf{O/xG5g\\ ;dlk{t ljrf/x¿nfO{ .OR5's Û ltd|} ;Demgfdf_
ug'{kg]{ s'/f ubf{ ljb|f]xL x'g'kg]{,
cfkm\gf] xs dfUbf cft+ssf/Lsf] ljNnf
af]Sg'kg]{ h:tf Oltxf;sf kf6fx¿nfO{
:d/0f ub}{ cGofoL aGb'snfO{ k/f:t
ug{ aGb's} p7fpg' h?/L 7fGb5g\\ .
pGd'lQm / clwsf/sf] nflu t
s'¿k ;+;f/ kf] km]gk{' 5{ t
aGb'snfO{ vQd ug{ t
aGb's g} af]Sg'k5{ .
;du|df slj ljb|f]xLsf sfJout
k|j[ltx¿nfO{ o; k|sf/ s]nfpg
;lsG5 .
-!_ ;dfhjfbL, oyfy{jfbL wf/fdf
snd rnfpg] ;ZfQm slj,
-@_ juL{o r]tgfn] cf]tk|f]t eO{
dfS;{jfbL bz{g c+lusf/ ug]{ slj,
-#_ lk5l8Psf ju{sf] d'lQmdfu{
klxNofpg] slj,
-$_ hgo'4sf qmddf b]v], ef]u]sf
s'/fx¿nfO{ l/7\7f] glj/fO{ k|:t't
ug]{ slj,
-%_ jt{dfgsf] hu alnof] kf/]/
eljio ;kfg{ vf]Hg] slj,
-^_ ;flxTo, snfaf6 klg ;dfh
¿kfGt/0f u/L gjLg cWofo yKg
;lsg]
ljrf/ /fVg] slj,
-&_ hgo'4sf] ;hLj lrq ptfg]{ slj,
-*_ dfn] d fjfb / k| r 08kynfO{
cfkm\gf] cfbz{k'~h 7fGg] slj,
-(_ sd/]8x¿ ;'ljwfef]uL geO{
lg:jfyL{ dgn] hg;]jfdf ;dlk{t
x'gk' g]{ cfjfh p7fpg] slj,
-!)_ d'lQmsf] /0fd}bfgdf zxfbt x'gx] ¿k|lt
>4f / cf:yf vGofpg] slj,
-!!_ oyfl:yltjfbL
/
kZrudgjfbLx¿sf] emfFsf] emf/L
cu| u dgsf] lbzfdf nfUg
pS;fpg] slj,
-!@_ /fHocft+ssf] v'n/] eT;{gf ug]{ slj,
-!#_ /fi6«k|]dL / /fi6«;'wf/sf] :j/
u'~hfpg] slj,
-!$_ >dhLljx¿sf] hLt lglZrt /x]sf]
cfzfjfbL ljrf/ k|i] f0f ug]{ slj,
˜-!%_ blntx¿sf] cfjfh a'nGb kfg]{ slj,
-!^_ g]kfnLx¿ aLrsf] cv08 /fli6«o
Pstf / d]nldnfksf] k|z;+ f ug]{ slj,
-!&_ cfd"n kl/jt{gsf] kIfdf pleP/
r]tgf 5g\]{ slj .
cGtdf s] eGg ;lsG5 eg] ;Kt/L
lhNnfdf hGd]x's]{ klg / d}lynL
efiffdf kf]Vt eP klg slj ljb|f]xLn]
d'ns
' sf hNbfaNbf ljifodf nIo efiff
-g]kfnL_df dgdf]xs efiffz}nLdf sljtf
n] v ] s f 5g\ \ . ;flxTo ;+ ; f/df
/dfO/x]sf slj ljb|f]xLsf s[ltn]
k|sfzg, eflifs kl/isf/, kl/dfh{g
/ ;dfnf]rgfsf]] rf}tf/L e]6] k|ultjfbL
g]kfnL ;flxTosf] dlGb/ lgdf{0fdf pgsf]
b] g dxTjk" 0 f{ x' g ;S5 . pgsf
sljtfdf gofF ljrf/, gofF z}nL, ljDa,
k|tLssf] plrt ;dfof]hg 5 ;fy}]
lrGtgdf ulx/fO / cleJolStdf pmhf{
5 . /f]rs, ljrf/f]Q]hs, oyfy{k/s,
k|ultzLn, qmflGtsf/L sljtf ag]sf
5g\\ . cem kl/isf/sf] vfFrf] dx;';
x'g] 7fpF eg] k|z:t 5g\\ . sljtfdf
uDeL/tf / /f]rstf eg{ ;Sg' pgsf]
ljz]if v'aL xf] . slj /fh]z ljb|fx] Lsf
sljtf ;fy{s / af}l4s 5g\\ h;n]
pgsf] dfS;{jfbL ;flxTo cWoog /
hgo' 4 sf] cg' e jsf] Jofkstf
emNsfpF5 .=
nandalalacharya@gmail.com

Sofl;gf] ;f+lu|nf ;bfsf nflu aGb
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] Sofl;gf] lgodfjnL @)&) nfu" ug{
g;Sg] cj:yf cfPkl5 Sofl;gf] ;f+lu|nf ;Fws
} f nflu aGb x'g] ePsf] 5 . Sofl;gf]
lgodfjnLcg';f/ ;f+lu|nfsf] lgoldt ;~rfng ug{ #% s/f]8 ¿k}ofFeGbf a9L
/sd nfUg] 5 . ;f] Sofl;gfn] ToxfF sfo{/t sd{rf/LnfO{ ;Dk"0f{ tna lbP/ aGb
ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . Sofl;gf] aGb ePkl5 sl/j kfFr ;ohgfsf] /f]huf/L u'ds
] f] 5 .
dn]l;ofnL nufgLdf ;~rfng x'bF } cfPsf] ;fFlu|nfsf Joj:yfkg k|dv
' sfo{sf/L
clws[t 8\oflgon s8n] ;/sf/n] NofPsf] dfkb08cg';f/ cfk"mx¿ rNg g;Sg]
ePsfn] Sofl;gf] g} aGb ug{k' g]{ cj:yfdf cfPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . pSt Sofl;gf]df
sfo{/t sfdbf/nfO{ Ps dlxgf a9L ;dosf] tna Ifltk"lt{ jfkt lbP/ aGb ug]{
tof/L ePsf] Sofl;gf] ;|ft] n] atfPsf] 5 . Sofl;gf] ;~rfngsf qmddf ToxfF
sfo{/t sd{rf/LnfO{ dfl;s tnaeQfafkt *) nfv ¿k}ofF / Sofl;gf]sf] ;Dk"0f{
Joj:yfkg ;~rfng ug{ dfl;s ;f9] @ s/f]8 ¿k}ofF vr{ x'bF } cfPsf] 5 . Sofl;gf]
aGb ug{sf nflu klg sd{rf/LnfO{ tnaeQf, Ifltk"lt{;lxt sl/a rf/ s/f]8
¿k}ofFeGbf a9L vr{ ePsf] Joj:yfkgn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] ut c;f/
d;fGtdf NofPsf] Sofl;gf] lgodfjnLcg';f/ x/]s Sofl;gf]n] jflifs{¿kdf ;/sf/nfO{
a'emfpg'kg]{ b'O{ s/f]8sf] ;/sf/L z'Ns bf]Aa/ agfPsf] 5 . lgodfjnLn] Sofl;gf]
;~rfng ug]{ k|fjwfgnfO{ klg s8f agfPsf] 5 .

Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] k|lta4tf

sf7df8f}F . Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo g]kfnsf
@% j6f lhNNff -wg'iff, ;nf{xL, dxf]Q/L, /f}tx6, af/f, k;f{, lrtjg, wflbË,
sf7df8f},F nlntk'/, sfe]kn
| f~rf]s, gjnk/f;L, tgxF,' ndh'Ë, sf:sL, :ofËhf,
kfNkf, ¿kGb]xL, slknj:t', bfª, ;'vt{] , afFs,] alb{of, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/_
lglb{i6 s[lif pkhx¿sf] d"No z[ªv
\ nfdf cfa4 ;fgf s[ifs, s[lif Joj;foL tyf
pBdLsf] k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtfdf ;'wf/ ug{' /x]sf] 5 . of] cfof]hgf @)^%
>fj0faf6 ;~rflnt 5 . of] p2]Zo k|fKt ug{ cfof]hgfaf6 ;Dkfbg ul/g]
sfo{x¿ lgDg s'/fdf s]lGb|t x'g5
] g\–
!_ s[ifs ;d"x / ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿nfO{ nfek|b ahf/d'vL pTkfbgdf
;xefuL x'g ;xof]u ug{] . ;fy} cfjZos k|ljlw, ;"rgf, ;]jf / ;fj{hlgs
k"jf{wf/sf] Joj:yfdfkm{t\ ahf/df kxF'r / s[lif Joj;fo cfa4tfdf
;'wf/ Nofpg] .
@_ d"No z[ªv
\ nfsf] b[li6n] pTkfbs, Jofkf/L, k|zf]wgstf{ / cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{
;d]t ;d]6L pBf]udf cfwfl/t ;fem]bf/Ltfsf] ljsf; ug{] .
#_ s[lif / vfB Jofkf/df ljBdfg afwf Jojwfg 36fpg] Pj+ s[ifsx¿ / s[lif
Joj;foLx¿sf] bIftf clej[l4 ub{} cfGtl/s Pj+ cGt/f{li6«o ahf/sf] u'0f:t/
cg'¿ksf] :jR5 / :j:y vfB j:t'x¿sf] pTkfbg ug{ ;xof]u ug{] .
;Nnf3f/L, dxf/fhuGh , sf7df8f}F
kmf]g M (&&–)!–$)!&&^%, ˆofS; M (&&–)!–$#&#@#^
Email:mail@pact.gov.np,Website:www.pact.gov.np

ljhof bzdL – @)&)
sf] pknIodf ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL bfh'efO
tyf lbbLalxgLx¿df ;'v, zflGt, bL3f{o'
Pj+ pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] nflu xflb{s
dËndo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}F .

ljsf; a8L js{zk kl/jf/
:joDe", sf7df8f}F

ljhof bzdL – @)&)
sf] pknIodf ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL bfh'efO
tyf lbbLalxgLx¿df ;'v, zflGt, bL3f{o'
Pj+ pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] nflu xflb{s
dËndo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}F .

;lxb u+ufnfn /fli6«o Xbo s]Gb| kl/jf/
afF;af/L, sf7df8f}F
a8fbz}F @)&) sf] kfjg cj;/df xfd|f
;d:t u|fxsju{df ;'v, zflGt,
;':jf:Yo, bL3f{o' Pj+ ;kmntfsf] xflb{s
dËndo z'esfdgf JoQm ub+5
{ f}F .

g]kfn 6]lnsd kl/jf/

7

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )@ hf];c nf; )&)@

af]N;]ljs / g]skf–dfcf]jfbL lgdf{0fM Ps t'ngfTds cWoog
ljifo k| j ] z M
;f]leot ;+3sf] sDo'lgi6 kf6L{
/ jf] N ;] l es, ljZjs} klxnf]
qmflGtsf/L sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ xf] . o;
kf6L{sf] lgdf{0f ljZj ;j{xf/fju{sf
dxfg g] t f tyf n] l ggjfbsf
l;4fGtsf/ EnfbLld/ OlNjr n]lgg
x'g'x'G5 . dxfg n]lggs} g]t[Tjdf
;+rflnt jf]Nz]ljs kf6L{n] ;g !(!&
cS6'j/ @% tfl/vsf lbg dxfg ?;L
cS6'j/ ;dfhjfbL qmflGt ;DkGGf
u/] s f] lyof] . ?;df k" F h LjfbL
Joj:yfnfO{ ;dfKt ul/ ;dfhjfbL
:Yffkgf ug{ ;f]leot sDo'lgi6
kf6L{sf] g]tf eL=cfO{ n]lggsf] g]tT[ jdf
dhb"/ ju{sf] cu'jfO{df ls;fgx¿sf]
;xof]udf ePsf] ;g !(!& sf]
qmflGtnfO{ cS6'j/ qmflGt elgG5 .
of] qmflGtn] Oltxf;d} k"FhLjfbL
Joj:YffnfO{ kN6fP/ ;dfhjfbL
Joj:Yffsf] :yfkgf ug]{ sfo{ u¥of] .
cTfM ;+;f/df g} dhb'/jUf{sf] g]tT[ jdf
ePsf] of] qmflGtn] /fHoJoj:Yffsf]
ef}lts rl/qdf g} cfd"n kl/jt{g
ul/ zf]ifs ju{sf] :yfgdf zf]lift
ju{n] cfd hgljb|f]xåf/f /fHo;Qf
sAhf u/] / ;j{ x f/f ju{ s f]
clwgfosTj qmd;F u ul/lbPs}
sf/0fn] dxfg?;L cS6'j/ ;dfhjfbL
qmflGtnfO{ dxfg cS6'j/ qmflGt
elgPsf] xf] .
;g !(!) sf] km]a|'c/L qmflGtn]
hf/zfxL ;QfnfO{ Ro"t u/] klg
d]]G;]ljsx¿sf] g]t[Tjdf c:YffoL
;/sf/ ag]sf] lyof] . d]G;]ljs eg]sf]
?;sf]] ;"wf/jfbL kf6L{ lyof] . To;a]nf
bf];|f] ljZjo'4 rln/x]sf] lyof] . /
;f]leot htf o'4sf] cGTo /
zflGtsf] :yfkgf rfxGy] . t/
;f] l eot hgtfsf] Tof] lj/f6
efjgfnfO{ ;+zf]wg ug{ c:yfoL
;/sf/n] ;Sg] s'/} lyPg . lsgls
Tof] hgtfsf] ;/sf/ geP/
cj;/jfbL / ;"wf/jfbLx¿sf] ;/sf/
lyof] . hgtfn] qmflGtsf/L / cfd"n
kl/jt{gsf/L, g]tT[ jsf] dfu ul//x]sf
lyP . To;}a]nf # clk|n !(!& df
;[hN{ of08sf] gf} jif{sf] lgaf{;g kl5
n]lgg ?; kmls{g' eof] / clk|n $
df ljZj rlr{t clk|n y]l;; n]lggn]
;fj{hlgs ug'{eof] . clk|n y]l;;
cfd hgljb|fx] sf] /0fgLlts sfo{qmd
/ sfo{lbzf lyof] . clk|n y]l;;sfj]
;fj{hlgss/0fn] cfd ?;LhgtfnfO{
cfGbf] l nt t' N ofof] . pgLx¿df
qmflGtsf] cfzf knfof] n]lng /f]6L,
hldg / zflGtsf] tfTsflns gf/f
lbg'eof] . o; gf/fn] ef]sf, gfËf,
pTkLl8t tyf zf]lift ;Dk"0f{ ?;L
dhb" / , ls;fg sfd ul/ vfg]
>dhLjL hg;d'bfonfO{ qmflGtsf
nflu uf]naGb ug]{ sfo{df dxTjKf"0f{
e"ldsf lgjf{x u¥of] . o;} cj:Yffdf
n]lggsf] g]tT[ jdf ;g !(!& cS6'j/
@% sf lbg dxfg ?;L cs6'j/
;dfh leotgfd, sDaf]l8of, So"jf
nufotsf b]zx¿df hgqmflGtx¿
;DkGg ul/P eg] k"jL{ o'/f]ksf] @)cf}F
b]zx¿df ?;L df]8n
] sf] ;dfhjfbsf]
:yfkgf ul/of] . n]lggsf] lgb]{zg /
jf]N;]ljssf] g]tT[ jdf ;DkGg ul/Psf]
dxfg cS6'j/ qmflGtn] ljZjdf g}
qmflGtsf] nx/ k}bf ul/lbof] .
o;af6 s] lzIff k|fKt ug{
;lsG5 eg] qmflGt ;DKfGg ug{sf]
nflu n]lgg h:tf] dxfg qmflGtsf/L
g]tf / jf]N;]ljs h:tf] qmflGtsf/L
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] cfjZostf kb{5
eGg] g} xf] . o; ;Gbe{df g]kfndf
bz jif]{ hgo'4sf] hudf p7fg ePsf]
@)^@÷)^# sf] !( lbg] P]ltxfl;s
hgcfGbf] n gsf] kl/0fd :j¿k
@)^$ r}q @* ut] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
P]ltxfl;s lgjf{rg ;DkGg eof] /
o;n] @))& ;fnb]lv p7\b} cfPsf]
g]kfnL hgtfsf] efjgfnfO{ ;+zf]wg
u¥of] / @)^% h]7 !% ut] ;dfGtL
/fhtGqnfO{ cGTo u/]/ u0ftGqsf
3f]if0f u¥of] . g]kfnn] Pp6f gofF

o'udf k|j]z u¥of] . / ;+ljwfg;ef
cfzf knfPsf] lyof] . t/ bz jif{;Dd
hgo' 4 sf g] t [ T j ;d] t u/] s f]
;+ljwfg;efdf ;a} eGbf 7"nf] bnsf]
¿kdf pkl:yt x' g k' u ] s f]
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] d'Vo g]tT[ j ub}{ cfPsf]
k|r08–afa'/fddf ;}4flGts ljrng
k}bf eO{ gj;+zf]wgjfbdf ktg x'g
k' u ] kl5 pgLx¿n] bz jif{ s f]
hgo'4sf] k|lqmof cGt/ut lgdf{0f
ul/Psf] cfwf/ Onfsfx¿, hg;Qf /
hg;/sf/sf] vf/]h ub}{, hgd'lQmsf]
;] g fsf] lj36g ub} { xltof/
k|ltlqmofjfbL ;QfnfO{ a'emfpFb} /
kf6L{ n ] lg0f{ o ul/ ;s] s f]
;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;fd|fHojfb tyf
lj:tfjf/b lj/]wL ;f/tTj af]s]sf]
hgtfsf] ;+3Lo u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg
lgdf{ 0 f ug] { / olb o; sfo{ d f
b]zLljb]zL k|ltlqmofjfbL zlQmx¿af6
if8oGq ePdf hgljb|fx] dfkm{t g]kfnL
qmflGt ;DkGg ug]{ eGg] 3f]lift
qmflGtsf/L sfo{lbzfnfO{ nQfof] / To;
lx:;fn] æzflGt / ;+ljwfgÆ gfd
lbOPsf] ldnf/gjfbL o'/f]sDo'lghdsf]
;}4flGts ;f/tTj af]s]sf] v'|Zrf]eL
sfo{lbzfnfO{ ks8]/ / g]kfnL qmflGtsf]
em08fngO{ aLraf6f]d} nqfpb} g]kfnL
hgtf / qmflGtk|lt ;d]t uDeL/
k|sf/sf] ljZjf; ub}{ ;fd|fGojfbL /
lj:tfjfbLx¿sf] lgb] { z gdf
;+ljwfg;efsf] ;d]t cj;fg u/fpg
k' u ] kZrft To; kf6L{ leqsf
qmflGtsf/Lx¿n] nfdf] b'O{ nfOg
;+3if{sf] kl/0ffd :j¿k dxfg n]lggn]
eGg' eP em} qmflGtsf nflu qmflGtsf/L
l;4fGt / qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ s f]
cjfZostf kg]{ / o;sf] cefjdf
qmflGt c;Dej x'g] ePsf]n] To;
g]kfnL qmflGt ;DkGg ug]{ p2]Zon] To;
gj;+zf]wjfbL lx:;f;Lt ;DaGw
ljR5]b ul/ @)^( c;f/ @–% sf]
/fli6«o e]nfaf6 gofF 9+usf] qmflGtsf/L
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf]
u7g x'g k'u]sf] xf] . o;n] Ps jif{
k' / f ul/;s] s f] 5 . / ;a} v fn]
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿n] g]knfL sDo'lgi6
cfGbf]ng l5ofl5of kfl//x]sf] / oL
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿ g]kfn qmflGtsf d'Vo
afws aGb} cfO/x] s f] jt{ d fg
kl/k]Ifdf qmflGtsf nflu qmflGtsf/L
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ cltcfjZos eO/xg]
ePsfn] o; n]vof jf]N;]ljs / g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLsf] lgdf{0fsf] t'ngfTds
ljZn]if0 / ;+Zn]if0f ug]{ / oL b'j}sf]
t'ngfTds ¿kdf cWoog ug]x{ ¿sf]
nflu ;xof]uL ;fdfu|L aGg] 5 eGg]
cfzosf ;fy of] n]v n]Vg] k|oTg
ul/Psf] 5 .
s;/L lgdf{0f eof] jf]N;]ljs <
?;df ;g !**# df kn]vfgf]esf]
g]tT[ jdf dhb"/ d'lQmbn gfds klxnf]
dfS;{jfbL ;d"xsf] u7g ul/Psf]
lyof] . oxL g} ?;df :yflkt sDo'lgi6
kf6L{ lyof] . / o;nfO{ n]lggn] gofF
9+un] ljsf; ug'e
{ of] . o;nfO{ ?;df
/l;ofnL ;fdflhs–hgjfbL dhb"/
kf6L{sf] gfdfs/0f ul/of] . / !*(*
df /l;ofnL ;fdflhs–hgjfbL kf6L{sf]
klxnf] dxflwj]zg eO{ kf6L{ ag]sf]
3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lyof] . t/ ;Rrf
kf6L{sf] eg] alg;s]sf] lyPg .
Tolta]nf g s'g} kf6L{ sfo{qmd
lyof] g t kf6L{sf] lgod g} . klxnf]
dxflwj] z g kl5 kf6L{ d f
ljrf/wf/fTds e\d / ;+u7gfTds
cefj klxn] eGbf a9]sf] lyof] .
To;}qmddf hf/–;/sf/n] kf6L{sf
qmflGtsf/L sfo{stf{x¿nfo{ lu/ˆtf/
u/]/ lgjf{rg, h]n / s7f]/ ;hfo
lbg yfNof] . n]lggnfO{ klg hf/–
;/sf/n] ;fOj]l/ofdf lgjf{;gdf
k7fof] . ;fOj]l/ofsf] lgjf{;gaf6
kms]g{ ] ljlQs} / æcy{jfbLx¿Æ ;Lt
n]lggsf] dbe]b rs{b} uof] . !( ;f}F
ztflAbsf] cGTo / @) ;f}F ztflAbsf]
k|f/Dedf ?;df cj;/jfbL wf/f b]vf
k/]sf] lyof] / o; wf/fn] cfly{s
kIfnfO{ dfq hf]8 lbg] u/]sf] lyof] .

o;}nfO{ cy{jfbg elgG5 . /fhgLltdf
cfly{s kIfnfo{ dfq k|d'vtf lbg]
ePsf]n] o;nfo{ cy{jfb elgPsf] xf] .
?;df dhb'/\ cfGbf]ngdf nfu]sf oL
cy{jfbLx¿n] /fhgLlts cfGbf]ng
pbfjfbL a'h'{jfx¿n] ug'{k5{ eGg]

To:t} ljrf/ tyf /fhgLltsf
;fy} n]lggn] ;+u7g lgdf{0fsf] k|ZgnfO{
klg lgs} uDeL/tfsf ;fy lng]
ug'e
{ Psf] 5 . ?;L sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf]
;g !()# sf] bf];|f] dxflwj]zgdf
s'g} JolQmn] kf6L{df ;b:otf k|fKt

x:taxfb'/ s];L

wf/0ff /fVby] . cy{ j fbLx¿n]
qmflGtsf] cu|0fL e"ldsfnfO{ :jLsf/
ub}G{ y] . cy{jfbLx¿sf lj?4 n]lggn]
leif0f j}rfl/s ;+3if{ 5f]8\g'eof] .
kf6L{sf] klqsfn] kf6L{ ;+u7g
lgdf{0f ug{ ljrf/nfO{ hgtfdf
k'¥ofpg dxTjk"0f{ d2t k'¥ofpF5 eGb}
n] l ggn] O:qmf gfds klqsfn]
;Dkfbg ug'{eof] . o;df ;Dkfbs
d08ndf n]lgg cNkdtdf k/] kl5
k|fKbf klqsfsf] k|sfzg ug'{eof] .
cy{jfbLx¿;Lt gftf tf]8g\ n]lggn]
j}rfls ax; 5]8g\ eof] / s] ug]{ <
eGg k':tssf] k|sfzg u/]/ n]lggn]
log} d'Vo ;}4flGts ljrf/x¿sf]
JofVof ug'e
{ of] . s] ug]{ < of JofVof
ul/Psf ;}4flGts k|:yfkgfx¿ kl5
uP/ jf]N;]ljs kf6L{sf] ljrf/wf/fsf]
cfwf/ ag] .
!()# df ?;L sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf]
bf];f| ] dxflwj]zgsf] cfof]hgf ul/of] .
;+u7g lgdf{0f ;DaGwL ljwfg d:of}bf
;ldltdf n]lggsf] dftf]e
{ ;{sf eLif0f
dte]b pTkGg eof] . ;fy} ;}4flGts
¿kdf dftf]{e klGyx¿;Lt uDeL/
k|sf/sf] dte]b z'? eof] . ?;df
qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ lgdf{0fdf lgs} w]/}
hf]8 lbg' ePsf] lyof] . ljrf/ tyf
/fhgLlt / To;sf] ;+u7g;Fu s:tf]
;DaGw x'G5 eGg] ljifonfO{ hf]8 lbb}
n]lggn] eGg' ePsf] lyof] æ;Qf
k| f lKtsf] lglDt ul/g] ;+ 3 if{ d f
;j{xf/fju{ ;Fu ;+u7geGbf csf]{ s'g}
xltof/ x'Fb}g .Æ To:t} l;4fGtsf]
dfldnfdf n]lggn] eGg' ePsf] 5,
æ;j{xf/fju{nfO{ hlta]nf dfS;{jfbL
l;4fGtsf] j}rfl/s Pstfsf] nfvf}F
dhb'/x¿nfO{ >dhLljju{sf] ;]gfsf]
¿kdf ef}lts ;+u7gdf afWg] 5, Tof]
ckl/xfo{ ¿kdf ck/fho tfut aGg]
5, ljleGg 3'lDt kf/ ug{ kl5 x6\g
k/] klg x/]s lbg Tof] :f]gfn] cfˆgf]
kx'Frsf] ælj:tf/ ul//xg] 5 .Æ o;
ljifodf n]lggn] s] ;+Zn]if0f ug'e{ Psf]
5 eg] ;Qfsf nflu ul/g] ;+3if{sf
lglDt ;+u7g cfjZos x'G5 . zf]if0f
tyf pTkL8gdf y'k|} ;d:ofx¿
ePklg olb ;j{ x f/fju{ n ]
dfS;{jfbnfO{ lgb]{zs l;4fGtsf]
¿kdf u|x0f ug{ ;Sof] eg] To;n]
ck/fho tfut k}bf ug{ ;S5 / Tof]
tfutn] ;fd|fHojfbnfO{ k/flht ul/
5f8\g' 5 . dhb'/x¿sf] ;+ul7t
tfut]x ;dsflng ;+zf]wgjfbsf x/]s
¿k / c/fhs a'l4hLljsf cy{xLg
aSjf;nfO{ klg k/flht ug]{5 .

ug{sf] nflu tLgj6f ;t{x¿ k'/f ug'{
kg]{ s'/f cufl8 ;fg'{ ePsf] lyof] .
h:tf] klxnf] kf6L{sf gLlt, sfo{qmdsf]
;dy{g ug'k{ g],{ bf];f| ] kf6L{nfO{ cfly{s
;xof]u -kf6L{ ;b:otf z'Ns_ clgjfo{
¿kdf r'Stf ug'{kg]{ / t];|f] kf6L{sf]
s'g} g s'g} txsf] sld6Ldf /x]/ sfd
ug'k{ g]{ ;t{ cufl8 ;fg"{ ePsf] lyof] .
t/ dftf]{en] oL ;t{nfO{ c:jLsf/
u/]kl5 dte]b r/d cj:yodf k'Uof]
/ dxflwj]zgdf dtbfg x'bF f n]lggn]
ax'dt k|fkt ug'{eof] eg] dftf]{e
cNkdt k/] . ax'dtnfO{ ?;L efiffdf
jf]N;]ljs elg\of] eg] cNkdtnfO{
d] G ;] l js elgof] . o;/L bf] ; | f ]
dxflwjf]zgdf ?;L sDo'lgi6 kf6L{
leq wf/fx¿ v8f k' u ] / of]
k| l qmoflg/Gt/ cufl8 a9\ o f] .
To;av t n]lggn] æPs kfOnf]
cufl8 b'O{ kfOnf k5fl8Æ eGg] k':ts
n]v]/ oL ;a} ;}4flGts s'/fx¿nfO{
hf]8bf/ ¿kn] /fVg'eof] .
;g !(!@ ;Dd ?;df jf]N;]ljs
/ d]G;]ljs b'jw} f/f culf8 al9g} /x] .
qmflGtnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg /
d]G;]ljsx¿n] u/]sf Jojxfl/s g}lts
lhDd]jf/Lx¿nfO} klg af]Sg'kg]{ x'GYof],
To;}n] jf]N;]ljsx¿n] d]G;]ljx¿;Lt
gftf tf]8g\ ' clgjfo{ alg;s]sf] lyof] .
hgj/L !(!@ df k|fudf 5}7f}F clvn
/l;ofnL kf6L{ ;Dd]ng eof] . To;
;Ddn]gn] d]G;]ljsx¿nfo{ lgsfn]/
ˆofsL lbof] / jf]N;][ljsnffO{ cufl8
a9fOof] kf6L{ gfd rfxL /l;og
;fdflhs–hgjfbL dhb?/ kf6L{ jf]N;]ljs_ /flvof] / kf6L{sf] k'/fgf]
em08f / ;f=h=d=kf=sf] em08fnfO{
sfod /fv]sf] lyof] . ;fy} !(!( ;Dd
jf]N;]ljs kf6L{n] sf]i7df æjf]N;]ljsÆ
zAb /fv] / cfkm" n fO{ /l;ofnL
;dflhs–hgjfbL dhb"/ kf6L{ g}
elg/fVof] .
o;/L dflyg} k|ofKt dfqfdf rrf{
ul/;lsPsf] 5 ls n]lggsf] g]tT[ jdf
jf]N;]ljs kf6L{n] dxfg cS6'j/
;dfhjfbL qmflGt ;fgbf/¿kn]
;DkGg u/]/ ljZjsf d'lQmsfdL
>dhLlj hgtfsf] k|]/0ffsf] >f]t /
lzIffk|b Oltxf; aGg k'Uof] .
n]lggn] bf];f| ] cGt//fli6«osf sof}F
;+zf]wgjfbL u2f/x¿ / kf6L{ leqsf
dftf]e{ klGy ;+zf]wgjfbLx¿, d]G;]ljsL
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿, cy{jfbLx¿, 6«f6:sL
klGy j'l4hLlj c/fhstfjfbLx¿sf
lj?4 eLif0f b'OnfO{g ;+3if{ ;+rfng
u/]/ To;dfly ljho k|fKt ub}{

qmflGtsf/L jf]N;]ljs kf6L{ lgdf{0f
lx:;f gj;+zf]wgjfbdf ktgx'g k'u]
kl5 To;:fLt ;}4flGts / ;f+u7lgs
gftf tf]8\b} g]kfnL qfmlGt k'/f ug]{
p2]Zosf ;fy o; kf6L{sf] lgdf{0f x'g
k'u]sf] xf] . To; kf6L{ leq al;/xbf
p;n] u/] s f ;a} uNtLx/sf]
lhDd]jf/Lx¿ klg j]xf]g'{ kg]{ /
qmflGtnfO{ klg ljhosf] lbzflt/
n}hfg g;lsg] ePsfn] To; kf6L{
leq /x]sf qmflGtsf/Lx¿Nf] p;Fu
gftf tf]8\g'sf] ljsNk /x]g / of]
afWotfsf] ljifo aGg k'Uof] .
;fj{hlgs eO{/x]s} s'/f xf] g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLsf] Go"gtd nIo gofF
hgjfb xf] eg] clwstd ;dfhjfb
/ ;fDojfb xf] . / o;sf] jt{dfg
sfo{lbzf hgo'4sf] hugdf gofF
hgjfbL qmflGt;DkGg ug]{ /x]sf] 5 .
oxfg]/ hflg/fVg' kg]{ s'/f s] xf] eg]
g]skf–dfcf]jfbL g]kfnL ;j{xf/f ju{sf]
;a} e Gbf pRr:t/sf] ;+ u 7Lt
/fhgLlts cu|b:tf xf] / g]kfnL
qmflGtsf] lg0f{os g]t[TjbfoL zlQm
klg xf] . cyf{t dfcf]jfbL kf6L{
jt{dfg g]kfnLsf] Psdfq qmflGtsf/L
kf6L{ xf] hf] dfS;{jfb n]lggjfb–
dfcf]jfbsjf] kyk|bz{s l;4fGtdf
lgb]{lzt eP/ cufl8 al9/x]sf] kf6L{
xf] . dfcf]jfbL kf6L{nfO{ s] s'/fdf
t'ngf ug{ ;lsG5 eg] d]G;]ljsx¿n]
u/]sf uNtLx¿sf] lhDd]jf/L klg
axg ug'k{ g]{ / qmflGtnfO{ klg cufl8
a9fpg g;lsg] ePs} sf/0f n]lggn]
pm ;Lt gftf tf]8]/ jf]N;]ljs kf6L{
agfpg' eP em} Pdfcf]jfbL leq /x]sf
qmflGtsf/Lx¿n] To; kf6L{sf] d'Vo
g]tT[ j ul//x]sf] d'Vo lx:;fn] cfkm"nfO{
gj;+zf]wgjfbdf ktg u/fP/ g]kfnL
qmflGtsf] em08fnfO{ aLr af6f]d}
nqfP/ qmflGt / hgtfk|lt uDeL/
k|sf/sf] uNtL ul/;]s]sf] / bz jif]{
hgo'4sf] k|lqmof cGt/ut lgdf{0f
ul/Psf] cfwf/Onfsf, hg;Qf,
hgcbfntx¿, hg;sf/x/sf] vf/]hL
ul/;s]sf], hgd'QmL ;]gfsf] lj36g
ul/;s]sf] / xltof/x¿ k|ltlqmofjfbL
;/sf/nfO{ ¿kdf ;fd|Hojfb /
lj:tf/jfbsf ;fd' cfTd;d{i0f ub}}
pgLx¿s} lgb]{zgdf dxfg bz jif]{
hgo' 4 !( lbg] P] l txfl;s
hgcfGbf]ngsf] DofG8]6 / g]kfnL
hgtfsf] efjgf / rfxgf adf]lhdsf]
;fd|fHojfb tyf lj:tf/jfb lj/f]wL
;f/tTj af]s]sf] hgtfsf] ;+3Lo
u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgd{0f ug]{
sfo{ n fO{ aLr af6f] d } nqfP/
;+ljwfg;efnfO{ cj;fg u/fP /
;fd|fHojfbL / lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf]
of] h gf / lgb] { z gdf gofF
;+ljwfg;efsf nflu r'gfjsf] snflxg
gf}6s
+ L gf6s dGrg ug'{ k'u] kl5
g]knfL qmflGtsf nflu gj;+zf]wgjfb
;Lt gftf tf]8\gsf] ljsNk lyPg,
hf] tf]8]/ gofF 9+usf] kf6L{ lgdf{0f
ul/of] . / qmflGtsf/L l;4fGt /
qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ lgdf{0fnfO{ h'g lbOof]
of] g} jf]N;]ljs t'ngf ug{ of]Uo ljifo
aGg k'u]sf] 5 .
o; afx]s g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf]
lgdf{0fdf jf]N;]ljs;Lt t'ngf ug{ w]/}
nfos ljifo alg/x]sf] 5}gg\ . n]lggn]
qmflGtsf nflu qmflGtsf/L tyf
r':tb'?:t kf6L{ ;+u7gnfO{ al9 hf]8
lbg' ePsf] lyof] . of] jf]N;]ljs kf6L{sf]
lgdf{0f ePsf] lyof] . oxfF To;f]
ul/Psf] 5}g . s]Gb|b]lv tn ;]n
sld6L ;Dd s'g} klg kf6L{ sld6L
lgjf{lrt / hgcg'df]lbt 5}gg\ . ;a}
txdf dgf]lgt / l6s] k|yfåf/f kf6L{
;+u7gsf] lj:tf/ / lgdf{0f ug]{
ul/Psf] 5 . kf6L{ ;+u7g lgdf{0f ubf{
dfS;{ j fbL z} n L / n] l ggjfbL
;+u7gfTds l;4fGtnfO{ gc+ufn]/ u}/
dfS;{jfbL tf}/ tl/sfn] gftfjfb–
s[kfjfb / hfltkfltjfbsf cfwf/df
lgdf{0f ug]{ ;fdGtL / u}/ dfS;{jfbL
sfo{z}nL ckgfP\/ o;n] qmflGtsf/L
kf6L{ lgdf{0fsf] ;Qf kf6L{nfo{ j'h'{jf

sf/0f ug]{ af6f]lt/ cu|;/ u/fO/x]sf]
b]lvG5 .
r' : t b' ? :t kf6L{ lgdf{ 0 fsf]
sfo{z}nL sxL st} klg cjnDag
ul/Psf] 5}g . s]Gb|, /fHo, lhNnf /
tNnf] tx;Dd lbuf] k|r08 kyLo
z}nLdf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 7"nf], e2f /
u}/ qmflGtsf/L cfsf/sf kf6L{ sld6L
lgdf{0f sfo{z}nL ckgfOPsf] 5 .
h;sf sf/0f lgoldt kf6L{
sld6Lx¿sf a}7s a:g], hgjfbsf]
cEof; ug],{ cfnf]rgf ug]{ jftfj/0f
g} 5}g / o;n] 7f]; lg0fo{ ug} klg
;St}ggg / uf]kgLotf sfod ug{ klg
;Sg] cj:o /xb}g . kf6L{ lgdf{0fsf]
of] sfo{z}nL jf]N;]ljs z}nL;Lt d]n
vfb}g .
Psflt/ kf6L{leq k+lQmdf cfly{s
tyf ;fF:s[lts ljrng tLa| 5 /
o;nfO{ ¿kfGt/0f ug]{ s'g} dfS;{jfbL
dfkb08 g} ckgfOPsf] 5}g eg]
csf]{lt/ qmflGt, kf6L{ / hgtf k|lt
;dlk{t cfwf/e"t txsf qmflGtsf/L
sfo{stf{x¿sf] ;+'/If0fsf] s'g} 7f];
of]hgf sfo{qmd 5}g . of] sfo{z}nL
jf]N;]ljs;Lt t'ngf ug{ ldNb}g .
Psflt/ bz jif{sf] hgo'4sf]
g]t[Tj u/]/ cfPsf] ax'dt hgzlQm
o; kf6L{df ;dflxt ePsf] 5, of]
Hofb} /fd|f] kIf xf] . t/ csf]{ tL/
o;df xfdL hgo'4af6 cfPsf xf}F eGg]
qmflGtsf/Ltfsf] gfddf c+xsf/L k|jl[ Q
xfjL 5 / of] eGbfsf aflx/sf nflu
ckx]lnt ug]{ / bz jif{sf] hgo'4sf]
Jofhsf] klg :ofh vfg] k|jl[ Q xfjL
5 of] klg jf]N;]ljs t'ngf ug{ nfos
sfo{ z } n L xf] O g . lsgls
jf]N;]ljsx¿df qmflGtsf/L 3d08 /
cf8Da/L kg ljNs'n} lyPg . h;n]
ubf{ jf] N ;] l js qmflGtdf cfd
?;LhgtfnfO{ ;fd]n u/fpg ;xh
eof] . oxf t emfkf ljb|fx] sf] Jofhsf]
:ofh Pdfn]n] vfO/fv]sf] 5 . bz
jif{sf] hgo'4sf] ;a} al9 Jofhsf]
klg :ofh Pdfcf]jfbLn] vfO/x]sf] 5 .
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] klg ToxL vfg]
k|jl[ Q cjnDag ug]{ xf] eg] qmflGtnfO{
uDeL/ k|sf/sf] gf]S;fgL x'g]5 . of]
sfo{zn
} jf]N;]ljs sfo{zn
} L cGt/ut
kb}{g / To;;Lt t'ngf ug{ klg
ldNb}g .
jf]N;]ljs sfo{zn
} L sfdsf] l:k|6
eg]sf] 7f]; kl/l:yltsf] 7f]; ljZn]if0f
ug]{ / qmflGtsf] sfdnfO{ cufl8
a9fpg] xf] . kf6L{sf lg0fo{x¿nfO{
tTsfn sfof{Gjog u/fpg' xf] . h:tf]
clk|n
| y]l;;sf] ;fj{hlgs/0f kZrft
;lxtsf] g] t [ T j e" l dut eP/
jf]N;]ljs qmflGtsf] tof/Ldf h'6L
xfNof] . / clGtd bz lbgsf] tof/Ldf
cS6'j/ qmflGt ;DkGg ul/of] t/
oxf t k'g{ul7t dfcf]jfbL kf6L{n]
kf6L{n] kfl/t u/]sf sfo{gLlts
sfo{lbzfnfO{ sfof{Gjogdf n}hfg] /
cfjZos tof/Lsf] cfZjstf k5{
g} t/ klg zflGtk" 0 f{ tl/sfn]
rnfPsf j} w flgs ;+ 3 if{ s f
sfo{qmdx¿ klg emf/f6fg]{, lbg
ws]Ng] / hgtfnfO{ cNdNofpg] /
cN5L nfUg] vfnsf] eO/x]sf] 5 .
of] sfo{zn
} L klg jf]N;]ljsL sfo{zn
} L
;Lt t'ngf ug[ ldNb}g .
oL dfly pNn]lvt r'gf}ltx/sf]
;fdgf ug] { / /xF b } cfPsf
sdLsdhf]/Lx¿nfO{ x6fP/ qmflGtsf/L
sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ s f] sfo{ z } n LnfO{
jf]N;]ljsL sfo{z}nLdf u/]/ dfq
o;nfO{ jf]N;]ljs ;Lt t'ngf ug{
nfos x'g5
] . / g]kfndf qmflGt ;DkGg
ug{sf nflu nflu g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnfO{
jf]N;]ljsLs/0f ug's
{ f] ljsNk 5}g /
n]lgg h:tf] 8fOgflds Ifdtf ePsf]
l;4fGtsf/ g]tf / g]t[Tjsf] klg
TolQs} cfjZos k5{ . lsgls g]skf–
dfcf] j fbLn] klg hgljb| f [ x åf/f
g]kfnLqmflGt ;DkGg ug]{ sfo{lbzf
kfl/t ul/;s]sf] . jf]N;]ljs qmflGt
klg hgljb|fx] dfkm{t ;DkGg ul/Psf]
lyof] .

/fatOfc t]u )@ hf];c nf; )&)@
ul/Psf] 5 . c? vfg]s'/f;Fu} x/]s
lbg #) u|fdsf b/n] £o" klg lbg]
u/]sf] 5 . t/ kl5Nnf] k6s ;]gfdf
kfpg] £o"nfO{ s6f}tL u/L To;sf]
7fpFdf @) PdPn t]n yKg] tof/L
;]gfsf] 5 . ;]gfn] cfpg] df3b]lv
To;nfO{ nfu" ug{ ] 5 . ;} l gs
P]gcg';f/ c+uh
]| L tfl/vdf jif{ u0fgf
x'g] ePsfn] df3af6 dfq} gofF jif{
nfUg] 5 . clxn] ; Dd 8f08f £o"
pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] / To;n] w]/}
;}lgsdf Uofli6«ssf] ;d:of ePkl5
£o"df s6f}tL u/]sf] Ps ;}lgs
clwsf/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . a|' £o"sf]
;§f @) PdPn t]n yk lbg ;'?
ul/Psf] ;} l gs hg;Dks{
lgb{z
] gfnon] hgfof] . To;af6 lrNnf]
kbfy{ sd x'g] ePsfn] Sofnf]/L klg
36\5 . ;a} ;'/Iff lgsfosf nflu
;/sf/n] /f;g vl/bdf dfl;s %%
s/f]8 a9L vr{ u5{ . Tof]eGbf
cfwfeGbf a9L vr{ ;]gfsf gfddf
dfq hfG5 . g]kfnL ;]gfn] b"w /
la:s'6 dfq} aif{sf %% s/f]8sf] vfg]
u/]sf] 5 . ;}lgs k|jStf hubLz
kf]v/]nn] clws[teGbf klg ;}lgs
hjfgaf6 £o" s6f}tL ug{] cfjfh
p7]sfn] To;nfO{ s6f}tL ug{ nfu]sf]
pNn]v u/] . To; a/fa/ xKtfdf
kfOg] rf/j6f c08fdf Pp6f yk ug{]
/ t]nsf] dfq a9fpg] tof/L ePsf]
pgsf] egfO{ 5 . …w]/} hgfn] £o"
cfjZos gePsf] ;'emfj lbPÚ pgn]
eg] …To;sf cfwf/df l3pnfO{ x6fP/
c08f / t]n yKg nfu]sf xf}FÚ . pgn]
Uofli6«ssf] ;d:ofsf ljifodf eg]
cfk"mnfO{ hfgsf/L gePsf] atfP .

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ePsf] 5 . g]kfndf pgsf] pkrf/ gx'g]
ePkl5 pgnfO{ lbNnLl:yt d]bfGt
c:ktfn n}hfg pgsf] pkrf/df ;+nUg
8f= d'sG' b sfˆn]n] ;'emfj lbPsf]
kfNkfnLsf] kl/jf/n] hgfPsf] 5 . 8f=
sfˆn]sf cg';f/ kfNkfnLsf] b'j} d[uf}nfn]
$) k|ltzteGbf a9L sfd ug{
g;s]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . t/, s] sf/0fn]
Ps} k6s b'j} d[uf}nfn] sfd ug{ 5f8\of],
Tof] eg] kQf nufpg ;lsPsf] 5}g .
/f]u kQf nufpgs} nflu pgsf]
d[uf}nfsf] df;' jfoK;L hfFrsf] nflu
lbNnL k7fPsf] eP klg cem};Dd /f]u
kQf nfUg ;s]sf] 5}g . 8f= sfˆn]s}
l;kmfl/;df gofF lbNnL k7fOPsf] pQm
hfFraf6 klg d[uf}nfdf ulx/f] c;/
/x]sf] b]lvP klg sf/0f eg] kQf nfu]sf]
5}g . xfn pgnfO{ /f]u km}lng sd ug]{
cf}ifwL ;]jg u/fOPsf] 5, t/ ;d:of
36\gs
' f] ;§f emg\ a9]/ uPsf] kfNkfnLsL
hLjg;ª\uLgL /]0f'sf e§/fO{n] atfPsL
l5g\ .
pgsf cg' ; f/ lrlsT;ssf]
l;kmfl/;df k|of]u ul/Psf] pQm cf}ifwL
;]jgkZrft kfNkfnLnfO{ ;'u/ -dw'dx] _
/ pRr /Qmrfksf] ;d:of klg PsfPs
ylkPsf] 5 . d[uf}nfdf ;d:of /x]sf]
pgnfO{ dw'dx] b]lvPkl5 pkrf/df
;d:of x'g] eGb} pgsf] kl/jf/ yk
lrGtfdf k/]sf 5g\ . ;dfhdf ;]jfd'vL
kqsfl/tf hLjg latfO/x]sf kfNkfnLsf]
kl/jf/df olta]nf lrGtf;Fu} cfly{s
;+s6 klg k/]sf] 5 .
;fdfGo hLjg ljtfO/x] s f
kfNkfnLsf] pkrf/sf nflu xfn;Dd
8]9 nfv eGbf a9L vr{ eO;s]sf] /
cem} nfvf}F ¿k}ofF vlr{gk' g{] ePkl5
cfly{s cefj b]lvPsf] xf] . ;w}F c?sf]
b'Mvdf ;fy lbO{ snd rnfpg] kqsf/
:jod\ ;dfrf/sf] kfq ag]/ ;xof]usf]
nflu xft km}nfpg afWo ePsf kfNkfnL
/ pgsf] kl/jf/n] oltv]/ ;a};uF
;xof]usf] xft km}nfO/x]sf 5g\ . cfly{s
cj:yf lgs} sdhf]/ /x]sf] kfNkfnLnfO{
s;}n] lbPsf] Ps ¿k}ofFn] cfh
kfNkfnLsf] hLjg arfpg ;xof]u k'Ug]5
eg] pgsf] kl/jf/nfO{ /fxt ldNg]5 .
s;}n] lbgsf] Ps k6ssf] vfhf jf
lrofsf] k};f kfNkfnLnfO{ ;DemL pgsL
hLjg;ª\uLgLsf] gfddf /x]sf] vftfdf
hDdf ul/lbg'eof] eg] of] ;dfhsf]
P]gfsf] ¿kdf ;flxTo / kqsfl/tfsf]
If]qdf pbfpFb} u/]sf Ps gIfqsf] cd"No
hLjg aRg]5 . kfNkfnLsf] hLjg arfp

cleofgdf ;a}sf] ;fy / ;xof]u k|fKt
eP cjZo klg of] Pp6f ;dfhsf]
P]gfn] gofF hLjg kfpg]5 .
;xof]u ug{ rxfg'xg' ] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL
bfh'efO tyf ljb]zdf /xg'ePsf
ze]R5's bfh'efOx¿n] lgDg vftf
gDa/df ;Sbf] /sd ;xof] u
ul/lbg'xf]nf– -/]0f'sf e§/fO{ k$&!%(–
S s'df/L a}s
+ / /]0f'sf e§/fO{ -)@)–
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+ _ Od]n dfkm{t
nebomedia@yahoo.com,
renukabhattarai2013@yahoo.com df

;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg]5 .
>dhLjL tyf ;j{xf/f kqsf/nfO{
;xof]u ug]{ x]t'n] k|To]s klqsf]
nf]ssNof0fsf/L lj1fkgaf6 !%Ü
s6f}tL u/L hDdf ePsf] /sd %)
s/f]8 gf3]sf] 5 . Tof] /sd s:tf]
sfdsf] nflu hu]8f ul/Psf] xf] . kqsf/
la/fdL kbf{ Tof] /sd pkef]u ug{ kfOFbg}
eg] Tof] sf]if s]sf nflu xf] < cf}lrTo
k|:6 ePsf] 5}g . kqsf/sf] ufF; sf6]/
tof/ kfl/Psf] sf]if /fhg]tfsf] nflu
rGbf lbg /flvPsf] xf] ls kqsf/ ladf/
x'bF f vr{ ug]{ xf] < sf]ifn] To;sf] nflu
b]nf < kfNkfnL la/fdL k/]kl5 kqsf/
;Da4 ljleGg ;+3;+u7gx¿n] pgsf]
pkrf/df ;3fpg] ePsf 5g\ . g]kfn
kqsf/ dxf;+3, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3
sf7df8f}+ zfvf / k|;
] rf}tf/L g]kfnn]
pgsf] pkrf/df ;3fpg] arg lbPsf
5g\ . k|;
] rf}tf/Lsf] pkTosf ;ldltsf
;b:ox¿n] k|lt ;b:o ? ! ;o
clgjfo{sf ;fy} cGo ;xof]u /sd klg
pknAw u/fpg] ePsf] 5 .
aL=s] = kfNkfnLsf] gfdaf6
kqsfl/tf / ;flxTos If]qdf kl/ro
agfPsf kfNkfnL sf7df8f}a+ f6 k|sflzt
x'g] g]kfn jf]8/{ /fli6«o ;fKtflxssf
k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs x'g\ . o;sf] ;fy} pgL
g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 / k|;
] rf}tf/L
g]kfn sf7df8f}+ zfvfsf ;b:o klg
x'g\ . ;f]dfbL–^ kfNkf :yfoL 3/ ePsf
kqsf/ kfNkfnLn] dfgjzf:q /
/fhgLltzf:qdf :gftsf]Q/, ;+:s[t
;flxTodf cfOP;/x / lzIff zf:qdf
:gfts;Ddsf] cWoog u/]sf 5g\ . !^
jif{sf] slnnf] pd]/b]lvg} xfOs'kw| fg
g]kfnL ;flxlTos klqsf …d':sfgÚ af6
kqsfl/tf / ;flxTosf] If]qdf ofqf
cf/De u/]sf kfNkfnLn] ljleGg
;flxTos tyf ;dfrf/d" n s
kqklqsfsf] ;Dkfbg tyf k|sfzg
u/] s f 5g\ . kqsfl/tf;F u }
;flxTotkm{;d]t ljz]if em'sfj /fVg]
kqsf/ kfNkfnLn] …k]:tf]nleqsf
uf]nLx¿Ú -sljtf ;+ux| _, …3fon jt{dfgÚ
-xfOs' ;Fux| _, …rfnL{sf] lr7LÚ -xfOs'
;Fu|x_ xfOs' ;flxTo / ;}4flGts
cjwf/0ff -g] k fnsf] klxnf]
cg';GwfgfTds s[lt_ cr's ;DaGw
pkGof;nufotsf sl/a Ps bh{g
k|sflzt l;h{gfx¿af6 g]kfnL ;flxTo
cfsfzdf of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf 5g\ .

rgfjsf]
===
@)^( ;fn r}q ! ut] rf/ bnsf]

l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltaf6 hf/L ul/Psf]
…@% a'bF ] afwf c8\sfp km'sfp cfb]zÚ
/fi6«3ftL, hglj/f]wL / c;+j}wflgs
ePsf] s'/f /fd|f];Fu v'nf;f ePsf]
5 / o;sf lj?4sf] ;+3if{ k|efjsf/L
aGb} uPsf] 5 . -@_ xfd|f] kf6L{nfO{
;+ l jwfg;ef, jftf{ tyf zflGt
lj/f]wLsf ¿kdf lrq0f ug{] / bdgsf]
nflu cfwf/ tof/ kfg]{ rf/ bnsf]
zLif{ g ] t [ T j
/
;fd| f HojfbL÷lj:tf/jfbLx¿åf/f
ul/Fb} cfPsf if8\oGqx¿sf] kbf{kmf;
x'g uPsf] 5 . -#_ xfd|f] kf6L{ g]t[Tj
/ rf/ bnsf aLrdf efb| ^ ut]
;DkGg jftf{df …uf]nd]r ;efÚsf]
cfof]hgf ug]{ nufotsf ljifodf
;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . t/ sltko
j}b]lzs zlSts]Gb|sf] rnv]n /
x:tIf]ksf sf/0f rf/ bnsf] zLif{
g]tT[ j cfk"m ;f] ;xdltdf sfod /xg
g;Sg] eGb} ;xdlt / jftf{af6
ck|Toflzt ¿kdf kl5 x6]sf] s'/f
huhfx]/ 5 . o;sf ;fy} /fi6«kltsf]
kxndf efb| @* ut] cfof]lht !(
bnx¿sf] a}7sdf xfd|f] kf6L{ / ##
bnLo df]rf{n] k|:t't u/]sf] $ a'Fb]
k|:tfjdf klg d"ntM ;sf/fTds egL
;}4flGts ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . k/Gt'
d'VotM afXo zlSts} rnv]nsf sf/0f
ebf} #) ut]sf] a;fOdf klg k'gM

rf/ bnsf] zLif{ g]t[Tj kl5 x6]sf]
s' / f klg ;j{ l jlbt} 5 . oL
36gfqmdx¿af6 …tLg bn / dw]zL
df]rf{Ú sf] zLif{gt] T[ j g} jf:tljs
¿kdf ;xdlt lj/f]wL, jftf{ lj/f]wL
/ ljb]zL zlStsf] bnfnsf ¿kdf
k]z x'Fb} cfPsf] s'/f /fd|f]l;t k'li6
ePsf] 5 . -$_ oyfl:yltdf lgjf{rg
x'g g;Sg] / lgjf{rgdfkm{t\ g]kfnnfO{
;xh} l;lSsdLs/0f ug{ g;lsg]
cj:yf b]vk] l5 …tLg bn tyf dw]zL
df] r f{ Ú sf] l;l08s] 6 / j} b ] l zs
zlSts]Gb|sf] s7k'ntL ;/sf/åf/f
…lgjf{rgdf ;]gf kl/rfng ug{Ú h'g
lg0f{o lnOPsf] 5 To;nfO{ a}7sdf
a[xt\ zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] v'nf pNn+3g
u/L zflGt k|s[of e+u ug{] / b]znfO{
gofF åGådf n}hfg] kmfl;jfb pGd'v
sbd / g]kfnL hgtf tyf ;'/Iff
lgsfonfO{ cfk;df le8fpg] tyf
cGtdf l;lSsdLs/0f ug{ l8hfOg
PjXˆ:+ if8\oGq ePsf] 7x/ ul/Psf]
5 / To;sf] s8f lj/f]w tyf eT;{gf
ug]{ lg0f{o lnOPsf] 5 . o;sf ;fy},
clxn] s f] o;k| s f/sf] uDeL/
cj:yfdf b]zsf] /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf]
/Iffsf nflu ;a} b] z eSt,
nf]stflGqs tyf jfdkGyL zlStx¿
/ ljleGg 7fpF x ¿df /x] s f
To;k|sf/sf JolStTjx¿ Pstfa4
x'g'sf] ljsNk 5}g . o; l:yltdf
ljb] z L bnfnx¿sf] lgb] { z gdf
hgtfsf lj?4 bdgdf gpqg /
b]zeSt zlSt / hgtf;Fu Psfsf/
eO{ b]zsf] ;fj{ef}ldstfsf] /Iffsf
nflu cufl8 a9\g ;d]t ;'/Iff
lgsfox¿nfO{ cg'/f]w ug{] a}7sn]
lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . -%_ xfd|f] kf6L{ /
;+nUg ## bnLo /fhgLlts df]rf{nfO{
;'lgof]lht tl/sfn] lgjf{rg k|so[ faf6
aflx/ /fVg] if8\oGq u/L …rf/ bnÚsf
zLif{g]tfx¿ / s7k'tnL ;/sf/åf/f
jftf{sf] ;DefjgfnfO{ ;dfKt kfl/Psf]
cj:yf / oyfl:yltdf x'g] elgPsf]
o; k|sf/sf] lgjf{rgsf] gf}6ÍLsf]
lj/f] w df alxisf/ cfGbf] n gnfO{
k| e fjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8
a9fpg'afx]s xfd|f cufl8 s'g} ljsNk
afFsL /x]sf] 5}g . To;}n] a}7sdf of]
k|fof]lht lgjf{rgnfO{ ;zSt / ;s[o
¿kdf alxisf/ ug]{ lg0f{o lnOPsf]
5 . -^_ xfd|f] kf6L{;lxt ## bnLo
df]rf{åf/f /flvPsf cfufdL sflt{s
@% b]lv d+l;/ % ut];Ddsf] !)
lbg] cfdx8tfn …g] k fn
aGbÚnufotsf ;+3if{sf sfo{qmdnfO{
b[9 ;dy{g ub}{ ltgnfO{ ;lqmotfsf
;fy sfof{Gjog ug{] lg0f{o lnOPsf]
5 . -&_ /fli6«o :jfwLgtf, ;+3Lotf,
u0ftGq tyf hghLljsfsf]
;'lglZrttf / ls;fg, dhb'/, dlxnf,
blnt, hghflt, dw]zL, d'l:nd /
lk5l8Psf If] q sf hgju{ tyf
;d'bfosf xslxt tyf clwsf/sf]
;Daf]wg ub}{ ;+3if{s} dfWodaf6
;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{] s'/fdf klg
a}7sn] k'gM k|lta4tf JoSt u/]sf]
5 . -*_ of] ;/sf/ k"0f{¿kdf ljb]zL
zlSts]Gb|sf] s7k'tnL, hglj/f]wL /
kmfl;:6 rl/qsf] ePsf]n] o;nfO{
vf/]h u/L b]zeSt, jfdkGyL tyf
nf] s tflGqs zlStx¿sf] ;+ o ' S t
;/sf/ u7gsf nflu klg ;+3if{nfO{
cl3 a9fpg] a}7sn] lg0f{o u/]sf]
5 . -(_ s]xL ljb]zL s"6gLltsx¿åf/f
ul/Psf s'6gLlts dof{bf ljk/Lt
g]kfnsf] cfGtl/s dfldnfdf x:tIf]k
x'g] vfnsf jStJoafhL / cGo
s[ofsnfkk|lt klg a}7ssf] uDeL/
Wofgcfsif{0f ePsf] 5 . a}7sdf o;
k|sf/sf x:tIf]ksf/L s[ofsnfksf]
eT;{gf ug]{ / ca cfOGbf To;f] gug{
klg uDeL/ ¿kdf ;r]t u/fpg]
lg0f{o lnOPsf] 5 .Ú

OkLP;sf] = ===

k"0ff{Ísf] @% j6f l/l8Ë k|Zg x'g] /
k/LIffsf] ;do $) ldg] 6 x' g ]
hfgsf/L lbP . To;} lbg 8]9 ah]bl] v
z'? x'g] bf];|f] l;ˆ6sf] k/LÔfdf klg
z'?df Ps 306f k|:t'tL -cf]l/G6]zg_
/ To;kl5 &) ldg]6sf] lnlvt
k/LIff x'g]5 .Ú pgsf cg';f/, bf];|f]
lbgsf] k/LÔf klxnf] lbgs}
tflnsfadf]lhd ;~rfng x'g]5 .
a} b ] l zs /f] h uf/ ljefu OlkP;

sf]l/of zfvfn] OlkP; k/LIffsf nflu
cfXjfg u/]sf] cfj]bg kmf/d eg]{sf]
;+Vof ;g\ @)!! sf] t'ngfdf em08}
bz xhf/n] 36]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . of]
k/LIff pQL0f{ ePkl5 :jtM sf]l/of
hfg kfOG5 eGg] e|d x6]sf sf/0f
o; k6s cfj]bs ;+Vof 36]sf] ;f]
zfvfn] hgfPsf] 5 . OlkP; zfvfsf
cg';f/, ;g\ @)!! df ;f] kmf/d %&
xhf/ kfFr ;o hgfn] e/]sf lyP .
h;dWo] !% xhf/ (!@ hgf pQL0f{
ePsf lyP . ;g\ @)!! df efÈf
k/LÔfdf pQL0f{ !% xhf/eGbf a9L
o' j fdWo] ^ xhf/ kfF r ;o hgf
clxn];Dd sf]l/of hfg kfPsf 5}gg\ .
af:tf]nfsf cg';f/, o; jÈ{ sf]l/ofn]
g]kfnsf nflu cf7 xhf/ b'O{ ;o
sf]6f 5'6\ofPsf] 5, h;dWo] s[lÈ
tyf kz'kfngdf tLg xhf/ ^ ;ohgf
/ pTkfbgd"ns Ô]qdf rf/ xhf/ ^
;o o'jfn] /f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ kfpg]
5g\ . efÈf k/LÔfdf !* jÈ{—b]lv
#( jÈ{;Ddsfn] dfq efu lng
kfpg]5g\ . k/LIffdf ;xefuLdWo]
;a}eGbf a9L c+s k|fKt ug{] cf7
xhf/ b'O{ ;o hgfnfO{ zfvfn]
sf]l/ofdf /f]huf/Lsf nflu l;kmfl/;
ug{5
] . g]kfnLx¿nfO{ ;'/lIft a}bl] zs
/f]huf/Ldf k7fpg] p2]Zo;lxt ;g\
@))& df g]kfn / sf]l/ofaLr
/f]huf/ cg'dlt k|0ffnL -OlkP;_
;Demf}tf ePsf] lyof] . ;g\ @))*
b]lv OkLP; k/LIff lnP/ g]kfnn]
g]kfnL o'jfnfO{ sf]l/of k7fpg yfn]sf]
xf] . lgb{]zs af:tf]nfsf cg';f/,
g]kfn / sf]l/ofaLr ;f] ;Dem.}tf
ePb]lv g]kfnn] !& xhf/ o'jfnfO{
/f]huf/Lsf nflu sf]l/of k7fO;s]sf]
5 . o;cl3, ;g\ @))* / @)!)
df ;f] k/LIffdfkm{t\ g]kfnLnfO{ sf]l/of
k7fOPsf] xf] . Toltv]/ k/LIff pQL0f{
u/]sf w]/} o'jf k|fljlws sf/0fn]
sf]l/of hfg gkfPsf atfOG5 . blIf0f
sf]l/ofdf sfo{/t g]kfnL sfdbf/sf]
Go"gtd kfl/>lds clxn] Ps xhf/
cd]l/sL 8n/eGbf a9L 5 . …OlkP;
k/LIff pQL0f{ ug'{ eg]sf] /f]huf/sf]
cfj]bg / /f]:6/sf nflu of]Uo x'g'
xf] t/ /f]huf/sf nflu sf]l/of hfg]
;' l glZrttf xf] O gÚ af:tf] n fn]
k|:6\ofP . af:tf]nfsf cg';f/ k/LIff
pQL0f{ ug]{sf] gfd /f]i6/df ;"rLs[t
x'G5 . To;kl5 ha sf]l/of ;/sf/n]
g]kfn ;/sf/;Fu sfdsf] k|sl[ t v'nfO{
sfdbf/ dfu u5{ dfu cg';f/sf]
hgzlSt /f]i6/df ;"rLs[t 5 eg]
pgLx¿nfO{ kmf/d eg{ nufO{ k|lqmof
k"/f u/]/ k7fpg] ul/G5 . af:tf]nfn]
sf]l/of ;/sf/n] dfu gu/];Dd g]kfn
;/sf/n] sfdbf/ k7fpg gldNg]
:k:6 kf/] . lgb]{zs af:tf]nfsf
cg';f/, k/LIff lng] sfo{bl] v /f]:6/df
gfd ;"rLs[t ug{;
] Ddsf] sfd sf]l/og
6f]nLn] g} u5{ o;df g]kfnL kIfsf]
s'g} ;+nUgtf x'Fb}g . sf]l/ofn] g]kfn
nufot !% d' n ' s ;F u OkLP;
;Demf}tf u/]sf] atfpFb} af:tf]nfn]
;+;f/e/ g} ;f] k/LIffsf] ˜Dofb b'O{
jif{ x'g] u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . o;
cl3 ;g\ @)!! df OkLP; pQL0f{
u/]sf o'jfsf] /f]huf/Ldf hfg kfpg]
Dofb ;g\ @)!# sf] clGtd;Dd 5
eg] o; aif{sf] k/LIffdf pQL0f{x¿sf]
;g\ @)!^ clGtd;Dd x'g]5 .

x]6]lnkmf]
n f]g= ===
;]jf u'0f:t/xLg eof] .
;8sx¿ hL0f{ eP . ckfËn] sf8{
kfPgg\ . 6«fG;lqmK6 kfpg sl7gfO{
eof] . vfg]kfgLsf] lgs} ;d:of 5 .
/fhdfu{sf /]i6'/fFn] a]:;/L 7u] .
;fj{hlgs ;jf/Ldf kfs]6df/sf]
laulauL a9\of] . cf}iflw k;nn]
d"Nodf 7u] . k"jL{ g]kfnnfO{ aGbn]
cfqmfGt kf¥of] . ;fj{hlgs a;n] a9L
l:k8 lnP/ b'3{6gf u/fP . o'jf
:j/f]huf/ sf]ifjf6 ;xof]u kfOg .
a} b ] l zs /f] h uf/Ldf 7luPsf]
ph"/Lpk/ sf/jfxL ePg . ;fj{hlgs
hldg JolStn] cltqmd0f u/] .
vfg]kfgL gcfPsf] ;ft lbg eof] .
;fd'bflos ljBfnon] z'Ns a9fO/x] .
pQ/ k'l:tsf x]g{ kfOg . ;8sdf
cToflws hfd x'g yfNof] . t/sf/L
ahf/df ljrf}lnofn] b'Mv lbP .
gf}lj;]–sf7df8f}F v08df /ftL sfd
u/]/ l5§} af6f] dd{t x'g'k¥of] .

ˆ

;}dl§t]lngsn]
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, !# ;o u|fd bfp/f lbg]

8

sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

aRrf pTkfbg k\mofS6«L v'Nb}
sf7df8f}F . ef/tdf ljZjs} klxnf] aRrf pBf]u v'Nb}5 . of] pBf]udf ;of}F u/La
dlxnfn] sfd ug{5] g\ / pgLx¿sf] sfd wgL dlxnfsf nflu aRrf hGdfOlbg' x'g5] . of]
ˆofS6«Lsf k]zj] / dlxnfn] To:tf bDktLx¿nfO{ ;Gtfgnfe ul/lbg]5g\ h;n] cfkm}nF ]
aRrf kfpg c;dy{ 5g\ . To:tf lg;Gtfg bDktLsf] nf]Ug]sf] ljo{ lnP/ To;nfO{ s[lqd
uef{wfgdfkm{t\ ToxfFsf dlxnfn] ef8fsL cfdf eP/ aRrf ue{ff af]sL hGdfOlbg]
atfOPsf] 5 . s/f]8f}F ¿k}ofFdf agfpg nfluPsf] pSt lg;Gtfg lSnlgssf k]zj] /
ef8fsf cfdf dlxnfaf6 aRrf kfpg rfxg]x¿n] Pp6f ckf6{dG] 6 g} ef8fdf lng'kg]5{
/ dlxnfnfO{ ;a} vfgkfg / ;'ljwf lbP/ /fVg'kg]5{ . lSnlgsdf tL dlxnfsf] l8Da /
;DalGwt k'?ifsf] z'qmls6aLr 6]i66\oj' ljlwdfkm{t\ uef{wfg u/fP/ e|0' f kf7]3/df
/flvg]5 / tL dlxnfn] ;do k'uk] l5 aRrf hGdfOlbg]l5g\ . pSt ;'ljwf;DkGg aRrf
ˆofS6«Ldf ef8fsL cfdfnfO{ a:g] sf]7fb]lv lnP/ sfof{no, c:ktfn tyf /]i6'/G] 6nufotsf
;+/rgf klg x'g5] g\ . o:tf] aRrf ˆofS6«L vf]Ng] of]hgf agfpg] Pshgf dlxnf 8fS6/
x'g\ . pgsf] gfd gogf k6]n xf] . To;/L ef8fdf aRrf kfOlbg] dlxnfn] k|ltaRrf em08}
% nfv ef? sdfpg]5g\ . u'h/ftsf] cfgGb ;x/df o:tf] :jlKgn kl/of]hgfsf nflu
ejg lgdf{0f eO/x]sf] 5 . k6]nn] clxn];Dd o:tf ef8fsf cfdfaf6 ^ ;o hgf aRrf
k}bf ul/;s]sL l5g\ . o:tf] aRrfsf] Jofkf/ ug]{ pgsf] sfo{sf sf/0f pgnfO{ dfg]{ wDsL
;d]t cfpg] u/]sf] atfOG5 . t/, u/La ef/tLo dlxnfn] dgUu] k};f sdfpg] / ljz]if
u/L klZrdf lg;Gtfg bDktLn] ;Gtfg;'v kfpg] cfˆgf] o:tf] sfd k'0osf] sfd ePsf]
pgsf] 7DofO 5 .

efiffg'jfb ug]{ rZdf

sf7df8f}F . -hfkfgsf] Pg6L6L 8f]sf]df] sDkgLn] s'g} klg efiffnfO{ cg'jfb ug]{
rZdfsf] lgdf0f{ u/]sf] 5 . h'g rZdfn] Ps ckl/lrt zAbsf] Ps ;"rLnfO{ cg'jfb
ug{ ;S5 . Pg6L6L 8f]sf]df] sDkgLsf cg';f/ p;sf] of] OG6]nLh]G6 rZdfn] s'g} klg
ckl/lrt zAbsf] cg'jflbt 5lj k]z ug{;S5 . of] rZdf b]Vg'sf ;fy;fy} cfef;L
lrqnfO{ klg x]/km]/ ug{ klg ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 . sDkgLsf cg';f/ o; 6]SgLsnfO{
hfkfgsf] Ps sGHo"d/ On]S6«fl] gs zf] ;LDofs–@)!# df k|bz{g ul/g]5 . Pg6L6L
8f]sf]df]n] of] rZdf ko{6ssf] nflu a/bfg ;flat x'g ;Sg] atfPsf 5g\ . zAb
klxrfg 6]SgLsb]lv ljb]z ofqf ug{] ko{6sx¿, /]i6'/0] 6sf d]g' / cGo b:tfj]hnfO{
t'?Gt k9\gsf nflu ;xfotf ldNg] sDkgLsf] ljZjf; 5 . of] rZdfdfkm{t\ hfkfgL,
c+uh
]| L, lrgL / sf]l/og efiffnfO{ cg'jfb ug{;S5 . efiff cg'jfb ug{ o; rZdfsf]
nflu kfFr ;]s0] 8sf] ;do klg nfUg] aLaL;L cgnfOgn] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . – Ph]G;L
;fd'bflos :s'ndf lzIfssf] sdL
ePsfn] k9fOdf afwf k¥of] . s/f/
;]jfdf yf]/} tna lbOof] . ;8s
km/flsnf] kfg{'k¥of] . Oh/fon hfg
v'nfpg' k¥of] . kmf]g ubf{ k;]nx¿n]
rsf]{ z'Ns lnP . e|i6frf/ /f]Sg'
k¥of] . Ifltk"lt{;lxtsf] gful/s
j8fkq k|efjsf/L ePg . cj}w 9+un]
kfls{Ë z'Ns p7fO/x]sf 5g\ . b'ud{ df
vfBfGg 5}g . gful/s j8fkq w'nf]n]
k'l/of] . bz}d+ f vfBfGgsf] ;xh cfk"lt{
x'g'k5{ . jfudtL vf]nfdf kmf]xf]/
kmfNg lbg' ePg . /fhdfu{sf vfgf
Hofb} dxFuf] eof] . PdaLaLP;sf]
z'Ns Hofb} a9L eof] . d"No j[l4
/f]Sg'k¥of] . ;lrj af:sf]6fsf cg';f/
ebf} dlxgfdf x]nf] ;/sf/ sIfn] lgDg
u'gf;f] ;Dkfbg u/]sf] 5– cgk]lIft
¿kdf cj?4 ePsf] ljB't ;]jf
;+rfngdf NofOPsf] . nfdf] ;dob]lv
lalu| P sf] 6] l nkmf] g dd{ t ug{
nufPsf] . ;dod} OG6/g]6 ;'ljwf
h8fg ug{ nufPsf] . sf/vfgfnfO{
cfjfh sd ug{] d]lzg h8fg ug{
nufO{ jftfj/0fdf :jR5tf sfod
ug{ nufPsf] . ;dod} gSzf kf;
ug{ nufPsf] . b'u{lGwt kmf]xf]/nfO{
la;h{ g ug{ nufPsf] . ;dod}
6« f G;lqmK6df y/ ;+ z f] w g ug{
nufPsf] . ;jf/L b'36{ gfsf] Ifltk"lt{
lbnfPsf] . dlxnf lx+;fdf sf/jfxL
ug{ k|x/LnfO{ lqmofzLn t'NofPsf] .
j}bl] zs /f]huf/L sDkgLdf /flvPsf]
/fxbfgL ;DalGwtnfO{ pknAw
u/fPsf] . zL3| /fxbfgL kfpg] ljlwsf]
hfgsf/L u/fPsf] . ljBfyL{ n fO{
k/LIff x' g ' k " j { g } k| j ] z kq xft
kfl/lbPsf] . x/fPsf] gfkL gSzf k'gM
tof/ u/L ;DalGwtnfO{ lbnfPsf] .
;'Ts]/L Joyf nfu]sfnfO{ c:ktfndf
a] 8 pknAw u/fPsf] . u} + 8 fsf]
cfqmd0fjf6 3fOt] ePsfnfO{
PDj'n]G;df /fvL c:ktfn k7fO{
pkrf/ u/fpg ;kmntf xfl;n ePsf]
5 . @)&) ebf}df k|fKt u'gf;f]x¿
pk/ x]nf] ;/sf/ sIf, pBf]u, phf{,
sfg"g, s[lif, u[x, k//fi6«, ko{6g,
dlxnf, o'jf, jg, jftfj/0f, zflGt,
;fdfGo k|zf;g, l;+rfO, ;xsf/L tyf
ul/jL lgjf/0f dGqfnox¿, /fli6«o
of]hgf cfof]u, /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|
/ pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb\af6
ztk|ltzt g} ;Daf]wg ePsf] ;lrj
af:sf] 6 fn] hfgsf/L lbP .
dWod:t/sf u'gf;f] km5\of}{6 ug{]df
lqe'jg ljZjljBfno, cy{ e"ld;'wf/,
ef}lts k"jf{wf/, /Iff, jfl0fHo, lzIff,
>d, :jf:Yo, ;"rgf tyf ;+rf/
dGqfno /x]sf 5g\ . ;lrj af:sf]6fn]
x]nf] ;/sf/df ebf} d;fGt;Dddf @%

xhf/ # ;o $$ j6f u'gf;f] k|fKt
ePsf]df @$ xhf/ & ;o %( j6f
km5\of}6{ eO{ km5\of}6{ b/ (& k|ltzt
sfod /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .
ebf}df * ;o $# j6f u'gf;f] k|fKt
ePsf]df ^ ;o %! j6f km5\of}6{ eO{
Ps ;o (@ j6f km5\of}6{ x'g afFsL
/x]sf] pgsf] egfO{ 5 .

lgjf{ r g====

gx'gn
' ] o; lgjf{rgsf] s'g} cf}lrTo
gx'g] cfdhgtfdf ax; rNg yfn]sf]
5 . ;+ljwfg;efdf ;Dk"0f{ ju{sf]
k|ltlglwTj x'g'kg]{df b]zs} d'Vo
/fhgLlts bnx¿ g;d] l 6Pkl5
To;sf] s'g} cf}lrTo gx'g] ljZn]if0f
cfdgful/sn] ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .
;/sf/n] hah{:tL yf]k/]sf] lgjf{rgsf]
rf}tkmL{¿kdf lj/f]w x'g yfln;s]sf]
5 . hgtfx¿ :jtM:k' m t{ ¿ kdf
lgjf{ r glj?4 ;8sdf cf] n { g
yfln;s]sf 5g\ . j}bl] zs zlQmsf]
Ozf/fdf rf/ bnn] b]z / hgtfdfly
3ft ug]{ u/L ;+ljwfg;efsf] gf}6s
+ L
/lrPsf]df cfdhgtf cfqmf]lzt ag]sf
5g\ . pgLx¿ s'g} klg xfntdf
lgjf{rg x'g lbg] kIfdf 5}gg\ eg]
;/sf/ ;]gf kl/rfng u/]/ lgjf{rg
u/fO5f8\g] /0fgLltdf nfu]sf] 5 .
zflGtk"0f{ cfGbf]ng ul//x]sf lgxTyf
hgtfnfO{ k|x/L, k|zf;g / ;]gf nufP/
tx nufO{ lgjf{rg ;DkGg ug]{ ;/sf/sf]
pb\3f]ifn] hgtf Psl9Ssf eP/ k|ltjfb
ug]{ tof/Ldf h'l6/x]sf 5g\ .
csf]t{ km{ ;/sf/n] lgjf{rgnfO{
zflGtk"0f{ agfpg] eg]/ hlt vf]s] klg
Jojxf/tM Tof] x' g g;Sg] k| : 6
eO;s]sf] 5 . g]skf Pdfn] af/f If]q
g+ = $ sf pDd] b jf/ dxd' b
cfnddfly lgjf{rgsf] dgf]gog ePsf]
@$ 306f laTg gkfpFb} uf]nL k|xf/
ePsf] 5, ;/sf/n] clxn] ; Dd
ck/fwLnfO{ ;fj{hlgs ug{ ;s]sf]
5}g . lgjf{rg zflGtk"0f{ / ;'/lIft
u/fpg] /fu cnfKg] ;/sf/n]
pDd]bjf/s} ;'/Iff ug{ g;Sg'n] klg
;/sf/ slt u}/lhDd]jf/ 5 eGg]
k|:6 x'G5 . To;}n] oL ;a} 36gf,
kl/36gfnfO{ lgofNbf ;/sf/ b]z /
hgtfk|lt k|lta4 gePsf] k|:6 x'G5 .
;/sf/sf] o:tf] /a}ofk|lt cfdg]kfnL
hgtf cfqmf]lzt ePsf 5g\ / o;
sfo{sf] lj?4 ;8s ttfpg] tof/Ldf
5g\ . ;/sf/n] klg lgjf{rg ;kmn
agfpg] gfddf lgxTyf hgtfdfly bdg
ug]{ tof/L hf]8tf]8n] ul//x]sf] 5 .
o;sf/0f cfufdL d+l;/ $ sf] lgjf{rg,
lgjf{rg geO{ g/;+xf/tkm{ pGd'v ePsf]
eGb} /fhgLlts ljZn]ifsx¿n] lrGtf
hfx]/ u/]sf 5g\ .

k|sfzs tyf ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com sDKo'6/ tyf d'bs
| M lwDn] ckm;]6 k|;
] , b]jLgu/, kmf]gM $$^$!%%

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