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FOUNDATIONS IN ACCOUNTANCY

Management Information
Pilot Paper December 2011

Time allowed: 2 hours ALL 50 questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted.

Do NOT open this paper until instructed by the supervisor. This question paper must not be removed from the examination hall.

The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants

Paper MA1

ALL 50 questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted Please use the space provided on the inside cover of the Candidate Answer Booklet to indicate your chosen answer to each multiple choice question. Each question is worth 2 marks. 1 Which of the following may be a cost centre? A B C D One of the hotels owned by a leisure company The accountancy department in a business The direct material cost of a product The total depreciation expense of a business

Two statements follow about the purpose of an email system: 1. 2. The purpose of an email system is to send and receive data a computer can work with. The purpose of an email system is to send and receive messages quickly and cheaply.

Are the statements true or false? A B C D Both statements are false Both statements are true Statement 1 is false and Statement 2 is true Statement 1 is true and Statement 2 is false

There was no work-in-progress in a manufacturing process at the start of a period. 18,000 units of a product commenced processing in the period during which completed output was 16,100 units. The work-in-progress was 75% complete for conversion costs which were $460 per equivalent unit. There were no losses or gains in the process What amount was included in the closing work-in-progress for conversion costs? A B C D $6,555 $8,740 $11,653 $18,515

Which of the following statements is true? A B C D Information consists of raw facts that have not been processed Data consists of information Data consists of processed information Information consists of data which has been processed in a predefined way

For which of the following tasks would a computer spreadsheet be most useful? A B C D Cost coding structure Product listing Staff appraisal Variance analysis

Receipts and issues of a raw material for a period were: Day Day Day Day 1 3 5 8 balance receipt issue issue units 160 230 110 150 $ per unit 370 360 cumulative total $ 592 1,420

Using the LIFO inventory pricing method, what is the total cost of the issue on Day 8? A B C D $540 $543 $545 $555

Product X is manufactured by Y Co. Direct materials cost $610 and prime costs total $960 per unit of product. Production overheads are absorbed at a rate of $1340 per machine hour. Two units of Product X are manufactured per machine hour. Using absorption costing, what is the total production cost per unit of Product X? A B C D $1630 $2240 $2300 $2910

Which of the following is a major advantage of the use of computer spreadsheets in management accounting? A B C D Formulas are consistent in that they usually appear as numbers They can be printed and hard copies filed They can be used to record the cost coding structure What-if analysis can be carried out easily and quickly

Product X requires 18 kg of a raw material per finished unit. The material has a weight loss of 10% in preparation for manufacture. Inventory of the material is currently 420 kg but needs to be increased to 500 kg. 2,000 units of Product X are to be manufactured. How many kg of the raw material need to be purchased to satisfy the above requirements? A B C D 3,880 3,920 4,040 4,080

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10 At the end of a period the percentage completion of the work-in-progress in a continuous manufacturing process was over estimated. What effect would correction of the error have on the cost per equivalent unit and the total cost of output completed in the period? A B C D Unit cost Decrease Decrease Increase Increase Cost of output Decrease Increase Decrease Increase

11 What is the purpose of prime entry records? A B C D Assist the preparation of a trial balance Prevent unnecessary detail in the ledgers Provide a check on the double-entry bookkeeping Provide a list of outstanding payments

12 The following scatter graph plots nine observed sets of data from a factory. Scatter graph 300 Total labour costs 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 number of production units Which term would BEST describe the behaviour of total labour cost? A B C D Fixed cost Stepped fixed cost Semi-variable cost Variable cost

13 A production operative is paid $1100 per hour for a basic 35-hour week. Overtime is paid at 40% over the basic rate. The operative worked for 38 hours in week 9. Income tax deducted was $7640 and benefit contribution payments were: Employer Employee $40 10% of gross pay

What was the net pay of the operative in week 9? A B C D $27168 $31168 $31630 $31929

14 No losses or gains occur in a manufacturing process. There was no work-in-progress at the start of a period during which 9,600 litres of a raw material were input to the process. 8,700 litres of finished product were output from the process in the period. The stage of completion of the work-in-progress was: Materials Conversion costs 100% 60%

What were the equivalent units of production in the period? A B C D Materials 8,700 8,700 9,600 9,600 Conversion costs 8,700 9,060 9,240 9,600

15 Using marginal costing, what is the basis for valuing inventory of finished goods in a manufacturing business? A B C D Direct + indirect production costs Prime costs + total variable costs Prime costs + variable production overheads Production costs + variable non-production costs

16 What is a time sheet used for? A B C D To To To To calculate pay only charge cost centres for work done only record attendance time calculate pay and to charge cost centres for work done

17 Which of the following documents will MOST help a sales manager to monitor the effectiveness of a sales team? A B C D A monthly report comparing sales targets with actual results The sales departments organisational chart A monthly report analysing the reasons for customer complaints The completion of appraisal interview forms

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18 The following financial figures relate to Jolly Limited for a year: 20X2 $ 50,000 (10,000) 40,000 (15,000) 25,000 100,000

Sales Cost of sales Gross profit Expenses Net profit Capital employed

What is the asset turnover ratio for 20X2? A B C D 08 times 04 times 2 times 05 times

19 The following spreadsheet shows a companys budgeted income statement for the coming period.

Which of the following formulae is correct for calculating the value of cell E8? A B C D =Sum(B8:D8) Sum(B8:D8) =Sum (E4:E7) Sum (E4:E7)

20 Which activity is LEAST likely to be the responsibility of the accounting function of a large organisation? A B C D Calculation of wages Control of trade receivables Dispatch of customer orders Payment of trade payables

21 Which of the following describes a flexible budget? A B C D A A A A budget budget budget budget that is adjusted to the actual level of activity achieved that can be varied by any circumstances that is adjusted for inflation to allow new product development

22 Pad Co has the following results: Sales Cost of sales Gross profit Expenses Net profit $ 100,000 (20,000) 80,000 (30,000) 50,000

What is the net profit margin for Pad Co? A B C D 50% 80% 625% 200%

23 What is the effect of using brackets in a spreadsheet formula? A B C D Divisions and multiplications are calculated before additions and subtractions Additions and subtractions are calculated before divisions and multiplications The contents of the brackets are calculated first The contents of the brackets are calculated last

24 A differential piecework payment scheme applies to direct workers in a production cost centre, subject to a guaranteed minimum wage of $50 per day. The differential rates for output each day are: up to 100 units excess over 100 units $050 per unit $060 per unit

A worker produced the following over a three-day period: Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 100 units 90 units 110 units

What is the workers total wages for the three days? A B C D $151 $156 $161 $166

25 What is the purpose of an organisation chart? A B C D To To To To demonstrate formal relationships and communication flows demonstrate the filing and coding systems used map where each department and function is located set out production schedules for a period

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26 A manufacturer absorbs production overheads into the cost of jobs as a percentage of actual direct labour cost. Two jobs were worked on during a period: Opening work-in-progress Direct materials in the period Direct labour in the period Job 1 ($) 5,269 10,726 4,360 Job 2 ($) 4,652 2,940

Production overheads of $9,855 were incurred in the period. Job 2 was completed in the period. What is the value of work in progress at the end of the period? A B C D $20,972 $24,941 $26,241 $20,355

27 A Management Accountant wishes to present the following spreadsheet information in a chart.

She is considering using the following charts: (i) Scatter diagram (ii) Line chart (iii) Stacked (compound) bar chart Which chart(s) would be most appropriate? A B C D (i) and (iii) (ii) (iii) (i) and (ii) only

28 The following indirect costs were incurred in a factory in a period: Rental of premises Utilities $80,000 $25,000

There are two cost centres, A and B, in the factory which between them occupy the 20,000 square metres (sq m) of floor space (cost centre A, 8,000 sq m; cost centre B, 12,000 sq m). What is the total indirect cost apportionment to cost centre B in the period if floor space is used as the basis of apportionment? A B C D $42,000 $52,500 $63,000 $105,000

29 You have been asked to write a report outlining the qualities of good information. Which of the following would you NOT include in the report? A B C D The The The The information information information information should should should should be be be be complete communicated via an appropriate channel understandable communicated to everyone in the organisation

30 In an interlocking accounting system what would be the entry for the issue of indirect material? A B C D Dr Dr Dr Dr Raw material inventory Raw material inventory Work in progress Production overhead Cr Cr Cr Cr Work in progress Production overhead Raw material inventory Raw material inventory

31 A coding system uses a combination of letters and numbers to classify costs. The first two digits of each code represent the cost centre, the third and fourth digits represent the type of expense and the fifth and sixth digits represent the detail of the expense. Relevant codes for a particular expense are: Selling expense Northern division Commission code 24 ND SC

What is the correct code for the above expense? A B C D SC24ND NDSC24 ND24SC 24SCND

32 Which of the following are reasons for formatting data in a spreadsheet? (1) (2) (3) (4) A B C D To To To To get data into the correct order for analysis make labels visually interesting make numbers more descriptive of what they represent make the data appear as plain text

1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only 2 and 4 only 1, 2 and 3

33 Direct operatives in a factory are paid on a time rate basis for a 35-hour week. If productivity can be improved what will happen to direct labour costs per unit of output? A B C D Decrease Increase No change Not possible to determine from the information provided

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34 Which of the following statements concerning spreadsheet cells are correct? (1) (2) (3) (4) A B C D A formula in a particular cell may calculate numbers for several cells Clicking on a particular cell, and then entering a number or text, will enter data into that single cell Each cell can contain a number, a label or a formula Press Shift and Enter to select the cell below in the same column 1, 2 and 4 1, 3 and 4 2 and 3 only 3 and 4 only

35 Which of the following statements concerning the recording and analysis of sales are TRUE? (1) The sales figure that should be taken from an invoice is net of both trade discount and sales tax (2) Sales may be analysed in a number of different ways for management accounting purposes A B C D Both 1 and 2 1 only 2 only Neither 1 nor 2

36 Which of the following formulae can be used for calculating labour efficiency ratio? A B C D Actual hours standard hours of actual output Budgeted hours actual hours Standard hours of actual output actual hours Standard hours of actual output budgeted hours

37 Which of the following may cause an adverse selling price variance? (1) (2) (3) (4) A B C D An increase in competitor activity A decrease in competitor activity Actual demand less than forecast demand Actual demand higher than forecast demand 1 2 2 1 and and and and 3 4 3 4

38 Which of the following is TRUE about the effect of different methods of pricing raw materials from inventory in a period of consistently rising prices? (1) Production costs will be higher using FIFO rather than LIFO (2) Closing inventory values will be lower using periodic weighted average rather than cumulative weighted average A B C D 1 only 2 only Both statements Neither statement

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39 In an inventory control system, what is normally meant by free inventory? A B C D Inventory Inventory Inventory Inventory which which which which is is is is available available in transit in transit for new orders from customers for promotional offers from supplier to warehouse from warehouse to customer

40 What is the charging of an overhead cost directly to a cost centre known as? A B C D Overhead Overhead Overhead Overhead absorption allocation apportionment assignment

41 The occupancy rates for a hotel over a two year period are shown below: Qtr 1 60% Year 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 75% 90% Qtr 4 60% Qtr 1 65% Year 2 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 85% 95% Qtr 4 55%

Percentage of bedrooms occupied

Which of the following statements is correct? A B C D The The The The occupancy occupancy occupancy occupancy rate rate rate rate for for for for Year Year Year Year 1 2 2 1 is is is is higher higher higher higher than than than than Year Year Year Year 2 1 1 2 for for for for quarters 3 and 4 quarters 1, 2 and 3 all four quarters quarters 1, 2 and 3

42 Which of the following defines cost classification? A B C D The The The The grouping of costs according to their common characteristics allotment of items of cost to cost centres sum of all costs incurred use by several companies of the same costing methods

43 Which of the following are correct descriptions applied to computer spreadsheets? (1) (2) (3) (4) A B C D An entire page of rows and columns is called a workbook Each row is identified by a letter Data is organised in rows and columns The intersection of each row and column defines a cell 1 and 2 only 2 and 4 only 3 and 4 only 1, 2, 3 and 4

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44 Production labour costs incurred during a period included the following items: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Salary of factory manager Training of direct workers Normal idle time Overtime premiums of direct workers Overtime hours of direct workers at basic rate $2,400 $1,660 $840 $2,760 $9,200

What total amount would usually be charged to production overhead for the above items? A B C D $4,060 $4,900 $7,660 $16,860

45 Which of the following are features of an efficient and effective coding system? (1) (2) (3) (4) A B C D Each item should have a unique code Each code should contain a combination of letters and numbers Each code should completely disguise the item being coded Codes should not be uniform in length and structure 1 only 1 and 2 only 1, 3 and 4 only 2, 3 and 4 only

46 When communicating written information, which of the following determine(s) the choice of method used? (1) Comparative cost (2) Degree of confidentiality (3) Speed of delivery A B C D 1 only 3 only 1 and 2 only 1, 2 and 3

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47 The following information has been extracted from the records of a firm: Budget $1,231 $2,156 $125 Production department Result $1,648 $1,972 $142 Variance $427 Adv $184 Fav $17 Adv

Direct materials Direct labour Direct expenses

Consider the following statements: (1) (2) (3) (4) Overtime premium of direct labour caused direct expenses to increase Lower skilled direct labour was used causing increased usage of direct materials Higher quality of direct labour and materials were used enabling fewer direct labour hours to be required Higher skilled direct labour was used enabling less direct material to be used

Which of the statements are consistent with the variances shown? A B C D 2 and 3 only 3 and 4 only 1, 2 and 4 only 1, 2, 3 and 4

48 A sales representative earns a basic salary of $10,000 per annum, a guaranteed end-of-year bonus of $5,000 and 5% commission on the value of sales. What cost classification is appropriate for the sales representatives salary? A B C D Direct cost Product cost Semi-fixed cost Prime cost

49 Consider the following tasks: (1) (2) (3) (4) Setting selling prices for products and services Analysing departmental expenditure for control purposes Calculating the quantity of raw materials in store Calculating wages for employees working on special shifts

Which tasks are likely to be carried out by a trainee accountant? A B C D 1 and 2 only 1, 3 and 4 only 2, 3 and 4 only 1, 2, 3 and 4

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50 TRS CONSULTANTS Co 31 Oxford Avenue Milton Mewbury Lincolnshire Invoice number: 9911 Date: 25 February 20X1 Customer: Jacqueline Smith ACCA 2 Central Quay Glasgow G3 8BW Item: Accountancy training $1,50000

In the integrated computerised accounts of TRS Consultants Co, which of the following is correct? A B C D The bank account will be credited The sales account will be debited Trade payables control account will be debited Trade receivables control account will be debited (100 marks)

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Answers

FOUNDATIONS IN ACCOUNTANCY Paper MA1 Management Information

Pilot Paper Answers

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B B A (18,000 16,100)*75*$460 = 6,555 D D B ((230 110)*360) + (37*(150 (230 110))) = $543 A Overhead costs per unit: 134 2 = 67 Total production cost per unit: 67 + 960 = 1630 D D Material required per finished unit with a 10% loss: 18 90 = 2 Total material required for manufacture: 2*2,000 = 4,000 Total materials to buy: 4,000 420 + 500 = 4,080

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10 D 11 B 12 C 13 B Basic pay (35*11) = 385 Overtime pay (11*140)*(38 35) = 462 Gross pay (385 + 4620) = 43120 Benefit contribution (4312*1) = 4312 Net pay ($43120 $7640 $4312) = $31168 14 C Output 8,700 WIP (9,600 8,700) = 900 Equivalent units: Finished goods WIP Total 15 C 16 D 17 A 18 D Sales/capital employed 50,000/100,000 05 times 19 A 20 C 21 A 22 A (Net profit/ sales)*100 (50,000/100,000)*100 50% 23 C Material costs 8,700 900 (900*100%) 9,600 Conversion costs 8700 540 (900* 60%) 9,240

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24 B Day 1 pay (100*05) = $50 Day 2 pay (90*05) = 40 but get minimum = $50 + day 3 pay (100*05) + (10*06) = $56 Total = $156 25 A 26 C Overhead production cost for Job 1 (4,360/(4,360 + 2,940))*9,855 = $5,886 Total costs (5,269 + 10,726 + 4,360 + 5,886) = $26,241 27 C 28 C Percentage occupancy for centre B 12,000/(8,000 + 12,000) = 60% Overheads apportioned to B (80,000 + 25,000)*60% $63,000 29 D 30 D 31 C 32 B 33 A 34 C 35 A 36 C 37 A 38 B 39 A 40 B 41 B 42 A 43 C 44 C (2,400 + 1,660 + 840 + 2,760) = 7,660 45 A 46 D 47 A 48 C 49 C 50 D

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