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GRAMMAR

Basic essential rules for English

“If any man can do it I can; what I cannot do no man can”-Marlowe [friend of shakesphere]

English alphabets-Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs

“love is not love that alters, when alternations find”

STUDY THE FIVE STRUCTURES AND YOU CAN DO WELL IN ENGLISH

FOLLOW THESE STRUCTURES,STUDY ONE STRUCTURE ONE DAY

{1} DO

DO REFERS TO HABIT /CUSTOM/DAILY ACTIVITY


DO YOU PLAY?
1 ,+VE-YES,I PLAY
--VE- NO,I DON’T PLAY
2 , DO YOU GO FOR FILMS?
+VE-YES I GO FOR FILMS
--VE-NO,I DON’T GO FOR FILMS

Do as many exercises with listen ,smile run speak and so on instead of


play and go

{2}DID

DID IS used for SHOWING PAST

Did you play?-


1,+VE- YES,I PLAYED(BECAUSE IT HAPPENED YESTERDAY)
-VE- NO,I DID’NT PLAY [ INSTEAD OF DID NOT WE USE DID’NT IN
TALKING AND NOT IN WRITING ]
2,Did you cry?
+VE-YES,I CRIED
-VE- NO,I DID’NT CRY

don’t use past tense two times in a sentence(did/did’nt you played-


wrong)

{3}HAVE
HAVE is used for showing wheather you have did that SOMETIME in
your life
1,Have you gone?
+VE-YES,I HAVE GONE
-VE- NO I HAVE’NT GONE
(YOU HAVE TO USE PAST PARTICIPLE WITH HAVE

{4} DOES
DOES is used with he she and it(third personalities)
For example if two persons are talking about third person does can be used
Eg : arun to meena-urmila does that action

{5} WILL
Will is used for future
+VE- I WILL PLAY
-VE- NO I WON‘T PLAY

DO USE FOR SINGULAR


DOES USE FOR PLURAL
HAS USE FOR SINGULAR
HAVE USE FOR PLURAL

Transport system ‘‘has” not have because transport system is singular and
not transport system have
Faculty “have’’ and not faculty has because faculty is plural
Don’t say’ lot of’ say’ lots of’ or’ a lot of’
Go shopping- true
Go for shopping-false
In English-true
Are English-true
AT & IN

“AT” is used for specific or accurate point and ‘ IN ‘ is used for whole
purpose
I am from Kottayam ( SMALL,exat place, ACCURATE) it is in
INDIA(LARGE place or long period)

AT IN
AT 5:30 IN 1973
AT 6:30 IN 1535
AT 9:02 IN 2047
AT 10: 23 IN 2976

I met him at 10:00 in the morning on a Sunday in 1973


ON
On Friday,on Tuesday,on weekdays,on a table,the pen is on the book

TIME PROPOTION
How do you ask time to another person
What is the time- no!
1. Have you got time on you?
2. what time do you make?
Subsequent -1,2,3,4,5,6……
Consequtive-4,6,8,10…..
QUARTER PAST 12:00 – 12:15
HALF PAST 12:00 – 12:30
QUARTER TO 1:00 -12 :45

“The’’ rate of accidents” is” increasing daily