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GCE O Level Oct/Nov


v 2008 S
Science (Chemis
stry, Bio
ology)
5154 Paper 1 Sugges
sted Ans
swers

MISTRY
CHEM
# Anns Workin
ngs/Remarrks
1 D A: To meeasure rate of reaction,
r time ttaken is requireed.
B: Amou unt of CO2 prod duced is required to follow thhe reaction.
C: Measuuring cylinder is i need to meaasure a fixed voolume of hydroochloric acid
D: Overaall, there is no change
c in heat energy.
2 D Al3+ andd Zn2+ react with
w NaOH to foorm Al(OH)3 and a Zn(OH)2 (w white ppt), whiich are soluble
in excesss of NaOH.
Howeverr, to be able to react with an acid
a (HNO3), X has to be a caarbonate, but not n a sulphate.
3 B Ions are formed
f by atomm losing or gaiining electrons to achieve thee stable noble gas
g electronic
configuraation.
4 D Metallic bonding is fouund in metal.
Transfer of electrons occcurs in ionic bbonding.
5 B Mg + 2HHCl Æ MgCl2 + H2
m of Mg = 6 / 24 = 0.25
No. of mole
No. of mole
m of H2 = 0.225
Volume of o H2 = 0.25 x 24 = 6 dm3
6 A m of Li+ = 200 / 1000 x 1.0 = 0.02
No. of mole
m of SO42- = 40 / 1000 x 0.225 = 0.01
No. of mole
L + : SO42- = 0.02 : 0.01 = 2 : 1
Ratio of Li
7 A B: Breakking of C-H bonnd requires eneergy
C: Chang ging of liquid innto gas requirees energy
D: Comb bustion releasess energy
8 D Largest concentration
c a highest tem
and mperature results in fastest ratte of reaction.
9 C Potassiumm iodide is a reeducing agent bbecause oxidattion state of I inncreases from -1 in iodide
ion to 0 in iodine moleccule. 2I- Æ I2 + 2e- [oxidatioon]
Potassiumm dichromate (VI)
( is an oxidizing agent beccause oxidationn state of Cr deecreases from
+6 (orangge) in Cr2O72- to
t +3 (green) inn Cr2O3. [Redu uction]
10 A Carbon dioxide
d is an accidic oxide, whhich dissolves in
i water to givee carbonic acidd.
11 C 3 chemiccal reactions chharacteristic of acid are:
Acid + metal
m (e.g. magn nesium)
Acid + baase (e.g. magnesium oxide)
Acid + caarbonate (e.g. magnesium
m carrbonate)
12 D Refer to periodic
p table Group
G V
13 A Reactivitty of Group I elements increaases down the group.
g
Group I elements
e react by losing theirr valence electrron.
As the sizze of atom incrreases, valencee electron is geetting further awway from nucleeus,
diminishiing the attractive force of nuccleus on valencce electron. Thherefore, going down Group
I, ease off losing the valence electron iincreases and reactivity
r increeases.
14 A Copper does
d not react with
w acid becauuse it is below hydrogen in thhe metal reactivvity series.
Magnesiuum is above zinnc in the metall reactivity seriies. Therefore, Mg produces more bubbles
than Zn ini the reaction with acid.
15 D
   

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16 C Nitrogen ~ 79%
Oxygen ~ 20%
Noble Gaases ~ 1%
17 D
18 B Addition reaction of alkkene (vegetablee oils) with hydrogen gives alkane
a (margariine).
19 D Oxidation
n of alcohol (e.g. propanol) ggives carboxyliic acid (e.g. proopanoic acid)
20 B

BIOLO
OGY
# Anns Workin
ngs/Remarrks
21 B Cell walll is a characteriistic structure oof plant cell.

22 D Xylem iss a hollow tubee, with absencee of protoplasm


m, to allow unobbstructed flow of water.
Xylem haas thick lignified cell wall to provide mechaanical strengthh.
23 A

24 C

25 C Light inteensity decreasees in the eveninng, reducing th


he amount of light needed forr
photosynnthesis.
26 B Chloroph
hyll traps sunlig
ght.

27 A Digested product of staarch is glucose,, which is smalll enough to paass through the blood
capillary wall in intestinnal villi.
28 C Amino accid contains am
mine (NH2) sidde group.

29 C Water mooves via osmossis across cell membrane


m in X,
X evaporated off
o cell surfacee and moves
out of sto
omata via diffuusion.
30 C 2 is the pulmonary
p arterry which carriees blood to the lung. A tell taale sign is that 2 joins to right
ventricle of heart, havinng thinner musscle, which pum mps blood to luung that is just a small
distance away.
a
Tricuspidd valve closes to
t prevent backkflow of bloodd into right atriuum when rightt ventricle
contractss.

31 C 1 – Arterry carries bloodd to body parts; therefore the blood must floow sufficientlyy fast to reach
those parrts. High speedd flow gives rise to high presssure.
2 – Vein has the largestt cross-sectionaal area and therrefore lowest resistance
r to bllood flow.
(Pressuree is inversely proportional to cross-sectional area)
3 – Capilllary is one-celll thick, allowinng efficient excchange of subsstances with tisssue fluid.
32 C Anaerobiic respiration taakes place duriing vigorous exxercise in respond to the insuufficient
supply off oxygen. This results in the production
p of lactic
l acid, whiich was then caarried to the
liver to be
b converted into carbon dioxxide and water after exercise hash stopped.
33 D Aerobic respiration
r requuires oxygen too be taken in.

34 A Impulsess travels from sensory


s neuronn to motor neurron via relay neeuron in spinal cord.
   

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35 A Principlee of conservatioon of energy: Energy


E can neitther be createdd nor destroyedd; it is
convertedd from one form m into anotherr.
Thereforee, total energy output must addd up to be 1000%.

36 D Plant couuld be eaten upp by herbivoress, which were inn turn eaten upp by carnivoress.
37 A Decompoosition of organnic matter in seewage requiress oxygen. Highhest intensity of
o
decompoosition occurs inn area of sewaage outfall.
38 D Pollinatio
on allows polleen to land on sttigma.
Growth of
o pollen tube allows
a male gaametes to meet female gametees.
39 A At day 7,, menstruation has ended andd unfertilized eggg has been rem
moved. New egg has not
been releeased yet.
At day 144, ovulation occcurs, allowingg high chance for
f a sperm to m
meet an egg.
40 A Blood grooup is predeterrmined by the allele
a present in
i chromosomee; it is not influuenced by
change inn surrounding factors.
f
Body maass is determineed by change inn surrounding factors such ass food intake.

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