07 ES26 Lab - Multiway Selection | Control Flow | Areas Of Computer Science

Multi-way Selection

7

Introduction to Programming

Objectives
After completing this lesson, you should be able to do the following:
• Understand how a multi-way selection control structure works • Learn how to use the if-else if-else and switch selection control structure

Introduction to Programming

Selection Control Structures
• Two-way selection if-else • Multi-way selection a) if – else if – else b) switch statement

Introduction to Programming

If-else if Statements
Syntax:
if(expression1) statement1; else if(expression2) statement2; … else if(expression) statementN-1; else

statementN Introduction to Programming

• The conditional conditions are tested from top downwards. • As soon as a true condition is found, the statement associated with it is executed and the rest are bypassed. • If all other conditional tests fail then the last else statement is performed.

Example: if-else if Statement
if ( x > 0) printf(“x else if ( x printf(“x else printf(“x

is positive”); < 0) is negative”); is zero”);

Introduction to Programming

Switch Statement
Syntax: • expr – an switch (expr){ expression which case const1: evaluates to an int statement(s); or char case const2: • Case list must statement(s); consist of constant …. values whose type case constn: matches that of the statement(s); switch expr default: • Cannot include statement(s); variables or expr } Introduction to Programming

Switch Statement
• If a case matches the expr value, execution starts at that case • Default is optional • If the value of the expr does not match any label, the control transfers outside of the switch statement • If default is included, the statements under default is executed

Introduction to Programming

Example: Switch Statement
int a = 20, b = 15, c = 0, x; scanf(“%d”, &x); switch (x) { case 5: a = a + 10; case 4: b = b + 25; case 3: a = a + b; case 2: b = b * 2; default: c = a + b; }
Introduction to Programming

Switch Statement
• There are situations which we need to execute statements exclusively • Exclusive execution can be achieved by placing break statements in between cases • BREAK statement causes program control to immediately exit from the switch statement

Introduction to Programming

Example: Switch Statement
char color; scanf(“%c”, &color); switch (color){ case ‘R’: printf(“Red”); break; case ‘G’: printf(“Green”); break; case ‘B’: printf(“Blue”); break; default: printf(“No color selected.”); }
Introduction to Programming

Example: Switch Statement
Problem: Write a program that accepts a number between 1 to 8 and print if it is even or add.
… switch (num) { case 2: case 4: case 6: case 8: printf(“number is even”); break;
Introduction to Programming

Example: Switch Statement
case case case case 1: 3: 5: 7: printf(“number is odd”); break; default: printf(“number is not in case list”);

}

Introduction to Programming

Summary

Introduction to Programming

Laboratory Exercise
• Write a C program that acts as a simple calculator. Display the following menu:

Select Operation (1) Addition (2) Subtraction (3) Multiplication (4) Division Enter choice: 1 Enter 2 integers: 3 4 Sum is 7
Introduction to Programming

Laboratory Exercise
• Write a C program that computes the area, perimeter and volume Display the following menu: <1> Area of a rectangle <2> Perimeter of a rectangle <3> Volume of a cube Enter choice: 1 Enter length and width: 3 5 Area is 15
Introduction to Programming

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