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1.

A circuit with a blown fuse would be described as a/an


1. 2. 3. 4. short circuit open circuit bonded circuit grounded circuit
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2.A common type of protective covering used on electrical conductors is


1. 2. 3. 4. plain paper fibrous braid silver sheathing babbitt sheathing
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3.A device which can be used to check the calibration of a circuit breaker is a
1. 2. 3. 4. 500 volt megohmmeter portable low voltage high current testing unit standard digital multimeter clamp-on voltmeter
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4.A device which prints out a permanent record of the plant operating conditions is known as the
1. 2. 3. 4. analogger bell logger alarm logger data logger
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5.A 'dielectric' is a/an


1. electrical insulator 2. current flow
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3. good conductor 4. semiconductor material

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6.A fuse will "blow" if


1. 2. 3. 4. an electric motor is stopped suddenly by opening a switch the flow of current to the protection device is reversed the electrical current exceeds the rated value of the fuse unequal resistors are connected in parallel
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7.A galvanometer is an instrument used to measure


1. 2. 3. 4. thickness of galvanized metal resistance of electrical wiring insulation very small amounts of current or voltage quantity of galvans in an electric circuit
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8.A ground can be defined as an electrical connection between the wiring of a motor and its
1. 2. 3. 4. shunt field circuit breaker metal framework interpole
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9.A grounded switch or cable will be indicated by a megohmmeter reading of


1. infinity 2. 'zero' 3. being unsteady in the high range 4. being unsteady in the low range
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10.A megohmmeter can be used to test for

1. 2. 3. 4.

an open field coil synchronous speed undercut mica reversed polarity

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11.A megohmmeter is connected to each end of an individual motor winding A low ohm reading indicates
1. an open coil 2. a loose coil 3. good continuity 4. a dirty coil
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12.A megohmmeter is used to measure


1. 2. 3. 4. voltage insulation resistance values current power
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13.A replacement wire having twice the length and one-half the cross-sectional area of the original wire will have a resistance that is
1. 2. 3. 4. four times that of the original wire twice that of the original wire the same as that of the original wire one-half that of the original wire
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14.A resistance in a circuit of unknown value is to be tested using the voltmeter/ammeter method Therefore, the meters should be connected with
1. both meters in series with the resistance 2. both meters in parallel with the resistance
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j k l m n

3. the ammeter in series and the voltmeter in parallel with the resistance 4. the ammeter in parallel and the voltmeter in series with the resistance

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15.A switchboard ammeter indicates a reading slightly above 'zero' when the leads are disconnected, this is caused by
1. 2. 3. 4. mechanical misalignment of the meter pointer a poor ground for the meter case static electricity in the air capacitors inside the meter storing charges
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16.A switchboard for an AC electrical system requires the use of which of the following devices?
1. 2. 3. 4. Frequency meter. Ohmmeter. Induction voltage regulator. Current transformer governor.
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17.A switchboard, for a AC electrical distribution system, will be provided with which of the following components?
1. 2. 3. 4. Frequency meter. Ammeter Voltmeter All of the above
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18.A wattmeter is used to determine


1. the power being consumed by electrical equipment 2. partial circuit resistance 3. current flowing in a circuit
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4. voltage existing between two points in a circuit

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19.AC circuits develop resistance, inductance, and capacitance The inductive reactance of a circuit is expressed in
1. 2. 3. 4. ohms mhos henrys farads
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20.AC voltmeters are generally calibrated to read the


1. 2. 3. 4. instantaneous voltage average voltage RMS voltage peak voltage
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21.Accidental grounds in a shipboard electrical system must be repaired as soon as possible as they will
1. 2. 3. 4. result in immediate power outages damage circuit breakers appear on the ground detection system damage insulation and may cause outages
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22.All electric cables passing through watertight bulkheads must be


1. installed with watertight stuffing tubes 2. grounded on both sides of the bulkhead 3. fitted with unions on each side of the bulkhead 4. welded on both sides of the bulkhead
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23.An accidental path of low resistance, allowing passage of abnormal amount of current is known as a/an

1. 2. 3. 4.

open circuit short circuit polarized ground ground reference point

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24.An across-the-line starter is typically used for which of the following applications?
1. 2. 3. 4. Reduced-current starting of large motors Low torque starting of small motors Low resistance starting of DC motors Full-voltage starting of motors
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25.An ammeter should be used to measure


1. 2. 3. 4. the voltage between two points in a circuit circuit continuity current flow in a circuit total or partial circuit resistance
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26.An electrical component is connected across a 120 volt 60 hertz AC supply What is the current drawn by the component if the impedance is 200 ohms?
1. 2. 3. 4. 0.01 amperes 0.60 amperes 1.67 amperes 100 amperes
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27.An ohmmeter can be used to measure


1. current flow in a circuit 2. voltage between two points in a circuit 3. circuit continuity
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4. power

j k l m n

28.Any electric motor can be constructed to be


1. 2. 3. 4. short proof ground proof explosion proof overload proof
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29.As shown in the illustration EL-0079, the direction of electron flow through the component is
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1. 2. 3. 4.

from terminal "B" to terminal "A" from terminal "A" to terminal "B" determined by the polarity of the applied voltage opposite from that in a resistor

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30.As shown in the illustration, which of the symbols represents a normally closed electrical contact?
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1. 2. 3. 4.

A B C D

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31.Before measuring an unknown resistance with an ohmmeter, you should


1. 2. 3. 4. adjust the meter's pointers to mid-scale change the meter's batteries center the meter's pointer at infinity short the test leads and calibrate the meter
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32.Before testing insulation with a megohmmeter, the windings of large machines should be grounded for about 15 minutes just prior to the test, because the
1. static charge of the machine may give a false reading 2. armature will have a greater number of leakage paths 3. insulation may be damaged 4. insulation may be covered with moisture
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33.Burning of controller contacts, when opening, is prevented by

1. 2. 3. 4.

coating the contact surfaces lightly with petroleum jelly magnetic blowout coils an overvoltage release an overcurrent release

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34.Capacitors are used on the output of the power supply in today's consoles to
1. 2. 3. 4. filter out 'ripple' prevent overloads act as a permanent load decrease the average value of the output voltage
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35.Capacitors can be used in electric distribution systems to improve power factor This is accomplished by seesawing energy between the capacitor and the
1. 2. 3. 4. generator inductive loads resistive loads all of the above
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36.Cleaning of electrical insulation should be


1. 2. 3. 4. done every six months accomplished every 12 months determined by need and not the calendar performed whenever the electrician is not otherwise busy
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37.Component F in the illustrated EL-0033 device is for


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short circut protection latching the trip unit closed after resetting the breaker overload protection providing a flexible connection between the input terminal G and the tripping unit E

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38.Copper is often used as an electrical conductor because it


1. 2. 3. 4. has high resistance at low temperatures has a highly polished surface is able to pass current with little opposition holds insulation together well
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39.During maintenance of circuit breakers,


1. 2. 3. 4. always smooth roughened contact surfaces with a file never pass more than rated breaker current through the overload heater element inspect for wear and misalignment of main contacts assume heater elements installed are of correct size
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40.Electric cables are formed of stranded wire to

1. 2. 3. 4.

increase the current carrying capability for a given size wire increase their flexibility decrease the weight for a given size wire assure good conductivity at junction points

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41.Electrical insulation is classed by the


1. 2. 3. 4. International Association of Electrical Manufacturers approximate operating voltage and current expected International Standards Organisation temperature stability of the manufacturing material(s)
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42.Electrical power is expressed in


1. 2. 3. 4. ohms volts amps watts
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43.External shunts are sometimes used with ammeters to


1. 2. 3. 4. increase meter sensitivity permit shunts with larger resistances to be utilized prevent damage to the meter movement from heat generated by the shunt enable the construction of a compact meter with a virtually unlimited range
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44.Four lamps are connected in parallel in a single circuit If one of the lamp burns out, the others will
1. 2. 3. 4. all go out become dimmer burn with their original intensities become brighter
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45.Fuses are usually rated in


1. watts 2. amps only 3. volts only 4. amps and volts
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46.Grease coatings on electrical contact surfaces increase contact resistance and should be removed with a/an
1. 2. 3. 4. small wire brush compressed air jet clean dry cloth 10% solution carbon solvent and water
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47.Grounds occurring in electrical machinery as a result of insulation failure may result from
1. 2. 3. 4. deterioration through extended use excessive heat extended periods of vibration all of the above
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48.Handheld phase sequence indicators are useful when


1. 2. 3. 4. preparing to parallel alternators connecting lighting branch circuits troubleshooting DC motors connecting shore power lines to the ship
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49.Hand-portable phase sequence indicators should be used when

1. 2. 3. 4.

installing a new synchroscope preparing to make the shore power connection replacing a defective solenoid all of the above

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50.How is a wattmeter electrically connected in a circuit?


1. 2. 3. 4. In series In parallel In series-parallel Inductively
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51.If a voltage tester is being used to check for defective fuses in the circuit, shown in the illustration EL-0062, which of the readings will indicate that fuse #2 is open?
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C-B full voltage A-D full voltage A-D no voltage C-B no voltage

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52.If fuse #1 shown in the illustration EL-0062 is defective, a voltage tester connected

across points "C" and "B" will


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show a reading of 55 volts show full line voltage across fuse #2 give positive indication that fuse #2 is good show a reading of zero volts

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53.If fuse 'F-1' in the illustrated schematic diagram opens,


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1. the motor will run slowly 2. 'A-1' and 'A-2' will open 3. the motor will not start 4. the start button will jam in the closed position

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54.If many turns of an alternating current coil for a contactor, become short circuited, the coil
1. 2. 3. 4. temperature will drop will probably burn out immediately will continue to operate will operate on reduced current
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55.If the length of a wire is halved and the cross-sectional area is doubled, the resistance will be
1. 2. 3. 4. quartered unchanged doubled quadrupled
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56.In a simple series circuit, the entire source voltage will drop across
1. 2. 3. 4. the resistor next to the negative terminal a short circuit the resistor next to the positive terminal an open circuit
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57.In a three-phase circuit, the phase voltages are


1. 120 apart 2. 160 apart 3. 180 apart
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4. 360 apart

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58.In order to increase its range of measurement, a resistance would be placed in series with which of the following instruments?
1. 2. 3. 4. DC voltmeter DC ammeter frequency meter power factor meter
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59.In the flow of one cycle of single phase AC current past any given point in a circuit, the maximum current peak occurs
1. 2. 3. 4. one time two times three times four times
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60.In the illustration EL-0033 the component C is the


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1. fixed contact

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2. moving contact 3. connection terminal 4. trip bar

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61.Large cable sizes are formed as individual conductors that may be comprised of several smaller strands to
1. 2. 3. 4. obtain the flexibility required for easy handling reduce the overall weight of the wire run reduce the number of supports needed for a horizontal overhead run all of the above
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62.Most conducting materials such as copper, aluminum, iron, nickel, and tungsten
1. 2. 3. 4. increase in resistance with increased temperature increase in resistance with decreased temperature decrease in resistance with increased temperature increase in conductance with increased temperature
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63.Periodic testing of circuit breakers is necessary to assure that a correctly rated and properly installed unit
1. 2. 3. 4. can trip faster as it increases in age will continue to provide the original degree of protection does not exceed its interrupting capacity be able to withstand at least 125% of applied voltage
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64.Possible phase relationships between voltage and current in an alternating current circuit include which of the following conditions?
1. Current and voltage may be in phase. 2. Current may lead the voltage. 3. Current may lag the voltage.
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4. All of the above.

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65.Reversing the current flow through a coil will


1. 2. 3. 4. reduce the amount of flux produced have no effect on the eddy currents produced reduce the power consumed reverse its two-pole field
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66.The 24 volt DC bus on the emergency switchboard is used to supply power to the
1. 2. 3. 4. general alarm system gyrocompass power failure alarm system smoke detection system all of the above
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67.The basic measuring unit of inductance is the


1. 2. 3. 4. coulomb ohm farad henry
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68.The combined effect of inductive reactance, capacitive reactance, and resistance in an AC series circuit is known as
1. reactance 2. total reactance 3. impedance 4. resonance
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69.The electrical device shown in the illustration EL-0077 is a/an

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operating coil indicating lamp motor armature potentiometer

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70.The electrical diagram shown in the illustration EL-0021 shows


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1. 'R1', 'R2', and 'R3' are connected is series

j k l m n

2. 'R1', 'R2', and 'R3' are connected in parallel j k l m n 3. the voltages measured across 'R1', 'R2' and 'R3' will be different if 'R1', 'R2' and 'R3' have n j k l m different values 4. the total resistance equals R1 + R2 + R3 j k l m n

71.The electrical schematic illustrated in figure A, EL-0059, depicts a/an


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autotransformer Delta Wye transformer primary EMF generator potential transformer

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72.The existing resistance of a conductor is dependent upon its length, cross-sectional area,
1. 2. 3. 4. temperature and insulation material and insulation resistive coefficient and material material and temperature
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73.The final step in testing a circuit for a ground involves the use of a megohmmeter A grounded switch or cable will be indicated by a megohmmeter reading of

1. 2. 3. 4.

'zero' infinity steady in the high range unsteady in the low range

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74.The illustrated circuit (EL-0024) is a


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megohm meter Gauss meter wheatstone bridge germanium diode tester

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75.The illustrated device is a


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full wave bridge rectifier half wave bridge rectifier solid state voltage regulator direct current (DC) filter

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76.The insulation resistance of electric equipment and machinery should be tested for the lowest normal insulation values
1. 2. 3. 4. immediately after shutting down the machine every time the brush rigging is adjusted immediately after starting up the machine every 30 days whether the machine is in use or not
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77.The multiple prefix 'giga' (G) means


1. thousand (10 to the 3rd power) 2. million (10 to the 6th power) 3. billion (10 to the 9th power) 4. trillion (10 to the 12th power)
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78.The multiple prefix 'kilo' means

1. 2. 3. 4.

thousand (10 to the 3rd power) million (10 to the 6th power) billion (10 to the 9th power) trillion (10 to the 12 power)

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79.The multiple prefix 'mega' (M) means


1. 2. 3. 4. thousand (10 to the 3rd power) million (10 to the 6th power) billion (10 to the 9th power) trillion (10 to the 12th power)
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80.The need for insulation cleaning may be determined by


1. 2. 3. 4. visual inspection for dirt accumulation high megger readings low operating temperature the time period since the last cleaning
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81.The output voltage of a 440 volt, 60 hertz, AC generator is controlled by the


1. 2. 3. 4. prime mover speed exciter output voltage load on the alternator number of poles
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82.The part of the shipboard electrical system used to control the distribution of power to the branch circuits, is the
1. bridge control panel 2. disconnect links 3. governor relay box
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4. main switchboard

j k l m n

83.The purpose of a main switchboard circuit breaker's reverse-power trip is to


1. 2. 3. 4. prevent main circuit overload protect the circuit breaker blowout coil prevent alternator motorization prevent low voltage tripout
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84.The purpose of the automatic bus transfer shown in the illustration is to


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stepdown voltage to the lighting distribution panel provide emergency power to the lighting distribution panel energize the emergency switchboard from the main switchboard provide overcurrent protection to the lighting distribution panel

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85.The resistance of a conductor varies


1. directly as its length and inversely as its cross-sectional area 2. inversely as its length and directly as its cross-sectional area
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3. directly as its length and directly as its cross-sectional area 4. inversely as its length and inversely as its cross-sectional area

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86.The resistance of electric wire will decrease as its


1. 2. 3. 4. length increases cross-sectional area increases temperature increases percent of metallic purities increases
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87.The sub-multiple prefix 'micro' (Greek letter 'mu') means


1. 2. 3. 4. thousandth (10 to the -3rd power) millionth (10 to the -6th power) billionth (10 to the -9th power) trillionth (10 to the -12th power)
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

88.The sub-multiple prefix 'milli' (m) means


1. 2. 3. 4. one thousandth (10 to the -3rd power) one millionth (10 to the -6th power) one billionth (10 to the -9th power) one trillionth (10 to the -12th power)
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

89.The sub-multiple prefix 'nano' (n) means


1. thousandth (10 to the -3rd power) 2. millionth (10 to the -6th power) 3. billionth (10 to the -9th power) 4. trillionth (10 to the -12th power)
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

90.The sub-multiple prefix 'pico' (p) means

1. 2. 3. 4.

thousandth (10 to the -3rd power) millionth (10 to the -6th power) billionth (10 to the -9th power) trillionth (10 to the -12th power)

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

91.The total power consumed in a parallel circuit is


1. 2. 3. 4. the sum of the powers used in each load (resistor) divided by the number of loads always less than the power used in the smallest load the sum of the powers used in each individual load never more than the power used in the largest load
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92.The total power used up in a series circuit is


1. 2. 3. 4. the sum of the powers used in each load (resistor) divided by the number of loads the sum of the powers used in each load always less than the power used in the smallest load never more than the power used in largest load
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93.The total resistance of a parallel circuit is always


1. 2. 3. 4. larger than that of the branch with the greatest resistance smaller than that of the branch with the lowest resistance equal to the sum of the individual branch resistances equal to the sum of the individual branch resistances divided by the number of branches
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94.The total voltage of a series circuit is the


1. sum of the individual voltage drops 2. total resistance divided by the total current 3. sum of the individual currents multiplied by the number of resistors 4. total current divided by the total resistance
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95.The unit 'hertz' is equivalent to


1. coulombs per second 2. revolutions per second 3. revolutions per minute 4. cycles per second
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96.The unit of electrical resistance is the


1. 2. 3. 4. ampere volt watt ohm
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97.To carry out an insulation resistance test, one terminal of the megohmmeter should be connected to the winding, with the other terminal being connected to the
1. 2. 3. 4. power supply variable resistor frame of the machine armature
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98.To check the three line fuses of a three-phase system consisting of a three-phase motor, you must
1. 2. 3. 4. place the starter in the 'stop' position make sure the motor is operating at full load to guard against a false reading place the leads across the 'hot' ends of the fuses place the leads across the bottom ends of the fuses
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99.To determine if a stator coil is grounded, you should use a/an


1. ammeter
j k l m n

2. ground detection lamp 3. magneto 4. megger

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100.To minimize magnetic field interaction between electrical conductors in physical proximity, it is best to keep them
1. 2. 3. 4. parallel and as close as possible to each other at right angles and as close as possible to each other parallel to and as far as practicable from each other at right angles and as far as practicable from each other
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101.To test fuses in an energized circuit, you should use a


1. 2. 3. 4. low voltage light bulb megohmmeter voltmeter resistance meter
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102.What is the direction of current through the load resistor in the circuit shown in the illustration?
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1. Always from point "Z" to the grounded end. 2. Always from the grounded end to point "Z". 3. It depends on the instantaneous polarity at point "W". 4. It cannot be determined without a directional ammeter.

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103.What is the power consumed by 'R2' in the circuit illustrated, if the supply is 24 volts and the resistance of R1 is 3 ohms, R2 is 4 ohms, and R3 is 5 ohms? (EL-0020)
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16 watts 20 watts 24 watts 28 watts

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104.What is the power consumed by 'R3' in the circuit illustrated if the supply is 24 volts and resistance of R1 is 3 ohms, R2 is 4 ohms, and R3 is 5 ohms? (EL-0020)
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12 watts 20 watts 24 watts 48 watts

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105.When a megohmmeter is being used to test insulation resistance, current leakage along the surface of the insulation is indicated by the megohmmeter's pointer
1. 2. 3. 4. dipping toward zero then raising slowly continually rising as test voltage is applied kicking slightly down scale as voltage is applied fluctuating around a constant resistance reading
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106.When a megohmmeter is used to test insulation, the gradual rise of the pointer reading as a result of continued cranking, is caused by
1. good conductor resistance 2. the leakage of current along the surface of dirty insulation 3. the inductive reactance of the windings 4. the dielectric-absorption effect of the insulation
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107.When a megohmmeter is used to test the dielectric strength of wire insulation, the

initial dip of the pointer toward 'zero' is caused by


1. good insulation 2. the leakage of current along the surface of dirty insulation 3. the capacitance of the circuit 4. the dielectric absorption effect of the insulation
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108.When a solid-state component of an electronic circuit is mounted to a metallic mass, the general purpose of that mass is to
1. 2. 3. 4. prevent vibration damage to delicate components prevent mechanical damage to solid-state components dissipate stray magnetic currents act as a heat sink
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109.When changing fuses, you should always


1. 2. 3. 4. wear rubber boots use a fuse puller stand on a rubber mat wear safety glasses
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110.When electrical cables penetrate watertight bulkheads,


1. 2. 3. 4. they should be grounded on either side of the bulkhead they must be bent to a radius of six diameters a watertight stuffing tube capable of accepting packing should be employed they should be secured by a clamp
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111.When insulation failure produces a low resistance current path between two conductors, the resulting condition is known as
1. an open
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2. a short circuit 3. a ground 4. a surge

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112.When maintenance personnel are working on electrical equipment, all supply switches should be secured in the open position and tagged specifically by the
1. 2. 3. 4. watch engineer chief engineer or first assistant chief electrician person performing the repair
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113.When measuring AC current flow, you must always connect the meter
1. 2. 3. 4. in series with the power source and load in parallel with the power source and load insuring correct polarity using the lowest range possible to prevent instrument damage
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114.When placed in a magnetic field, which of the materials listed will maintain the highest permeability?
1. 2. 3. 4. Glass Bakelite Soft iron Aluminum
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115.When replacing fuses, always make sure


1. 2. 3. 4. to stand on a rubber mat and use rubber gloves to use insulated pliers or screwdriver the fuse clips are straight, tight, and in good contact to increase the fuse rating 10% to guard against 'nuisance blowing'
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116.When shipboard electrical distribution circuits are connected in parallel, additional parallel circuits will cause the total circuit resistance to
1. 2. 3. 4. increase, causing a drop in the line current increase, causing a decrease in the line voltage decrease, causing an increase in the line voltage decrease, causing an increase in the line current
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117.When the current flow through a copper wire increases, its


1. 2. 3. 4. resistance will decrease insulation will burn temperature will increase conductivity will increase
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118.When using a megohmmeter to test insulation, good insulation will be indicated by


1. 2. 3. 4. slight kicks of the needle down scale a downward dip followed by a gradual climb to the true resistance value a gradual rise in the pointer reading at the outset the initial dip of the pointer
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119.Where a thermal-acting breaker is required to be used in an area of unusually high, low, or constantly fluctuating temperatures, an ambient compensating element must be used This element consists of a
1. 2. 3. 4. cylindrical spring on the contact arm conical spring on the contact arm second bimetal element second electromagnet
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120.Which component will stop the motor shown in the illustration in case of an overload in the control circuit?

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1. 2. 3. 4.

"E" "G" "H" "I"

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121.Which of the following characteristics is most critical in determining the size of the cable to be used in a particular circuit?
1. 2. 3. 4. voltage rating weight per unit length current rating inductance per unit length
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122.Which of the following conditions can lead to the failure of a resistor?


1. 2. 3. 4. Excessive vibration Insufficient ventilation Corrosion All of the above
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123.Which of the following electric motors would be the safest and most reliable to use on the main deck of a vessel in foul weather conditions?
1. Sealed motors 2. Drip proof motors 3. Enclosed motors 4. Watertight motors
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124.Which of the following materials is a good electrical insulator?


1. 2. 3. 4. wood silver copper gold
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125.Which of the following precautions should be taken when a blown fuse, rated at 10 amperes, is replaced?
1. 2. 3. 4. Short out the fuse before removing it from the circuit. Use needle-nose pliers to remove fuse from the circuit. Replace blown fuse with one of equal voltage and ampere capacity. Fuses of 10 ampere rating and less are virtually harmless when energized and may be handled freely.
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126.Which of the following represents a characteristic of an ungrounded electrical distribution system?


1. 2. 3. 4. Accidental contact between one line and ground does not cause an outage. Double ground faults on different phases will not cause an outage. Ground detection systems are unnecessary. Accidental contact between one line and ground will always cause an outage.
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127.Which of the following statements concerning electrical cables is correct?

1. Where they pass through watertight bulkheads, they should be fitted with watertight stuffing boxes. 2. Electric cable coverings should never be grounded. 3. Electrical cables must be rigidly held in place by welding of armored cable, or glued in place where nonmetallic insulation is used. 4. All of the above.

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128.Which of the following statements is correct for the illustrated circuit EL-0020?
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1. 2. 3. 4.

'R1', 'R2', and 'R3' are connected in series. 'R1', 'R2', and 'R3' are connected in parallel. The voltages measured across 'R1', 'R2', and 'R3' are equal. The total resistance equals 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3.

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129.Which of the following statements is true concerning the cleaning of electrical contacts?
1. 2. 3. 4. Compressed air should be used to blow out metallic dust. Magnetic brushes should be used to remove metallic dust. The contact surfaces should be greased to increase contact resistance. Delicate parts should be cleaned with a brush and an approved safety solvent.
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130.Which of the following statements is true if a 100 watt lamp and a 75 watt lamp are connected in parallel across a 100 volt power supply?
1. The 75 watt lamp will draw as much current as the 100 watt lamp. 2. The 100 watt lamp will have a greater resistance. 3. Current flow will be the same across each lamp. 4. The 75 watt lamp will have a higher resistance.
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131.Which of the following statements regarding the use of a current measuring instrument is correct?
1. 2. 3. 4. It must be connected in series with the circuit. You should always start with the lowest range until a suitable reading is obtained. The indicating needle is deflected from left to right regardless of polarity. An external shunt is generally utilized where current is less than 10 amperes.
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132.Which of the following statements represents the action of a megohmmeter when testing a small capacitor in good condition?
1. The meter pointer should immediately swing to the maximum resistance value for the capacitor. 2. The meter pointer should first swing quickly to zero and then gradually move up the scale as the capacitor charges. 3. The meter pointer should immediately swing to infinity and then drop in sharp jerks as the voltage increases. 4. The meter pointer should immediately swing to a high reading and gradually decrease.
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133.Which of the following statements represents the FIRST precaution to be taken prior to working on any installed electrical component?
1. 2. 3. 4. Wear rubber gloves and boots. Use only approved nonconducting tools. Ground the case of the machine before beginning any repairs. Open the supply circuits and tag the switches.
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134.Which of the instruments listed is used to check insulation resistance?


1. 2. 3. 4. Magneto Megohmmeter Dynamometer Rheostat
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135.Which of the instruments listed should always be connected in series with a circuit?
1. 2. 3. 4. Ammeter Megohmmeter Wattmeter Voltmeter
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136.Which of the listed sections of an emergency switchboard is used to supply power for alarm signals under emergency conditions?
1. 2. 3. 4. The generator and bus transfer section The 450 volt, 60 cycle, 3 phase bus The 120 volt, 3 phase, 60 cycle bus The 24 volt DC bus
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137.Which of the meters listed should only be used after a circuit has been electrically disconnected?
1. 2. 3. 4. Wattmeter Frequency meter Ammeter Ohmmeter
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138.Which of the spaces listed is defined as a 'location requiring an exceptional degree of protection' when considering the installation of shipboard electrical equipment?

1. Machinery space 2. Chart room 3. Console room 4. Accommodation space

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139.Which of the substances listed can be used to shield sensitive equipment from static magnetic fields?
1. 2. 3. 4. Glass Mica Bakelite Permeable iron
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140.With both ends of a three conductor cable disconnected and arranged without the conductors touching each other, an ohmmeter reading of 'zero' ohms between the ends of one conductor would indicate
1. 2. 3. 4. continuity a partial ground the resistance is infinite a short circuit
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141.A direct current passing through a wire coiled around a soft iron core is the description of a simple
1. 2. 3. 4. magnetic shield electromagnet piezoelectric device electromagnetic domain
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142.A poorly made electrical connection:


1. has a much higher-than-normal resistance.
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2. can produce excessive heat when normal current flows through the circuit. 3. can reduce the total energy normally available for the load. 4. all of these

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143.A switch would be classified as:


1. 2. 3. 4. a control device a protective device. a load device. a voltage source.
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144.An electric toaster is rated for 220 V and 10 A Its power rating would be:
1. 2. 3. 4. 2200 W 2200 Wh 2200 kWh 2200 J
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145.Electrical conductors:
1. 2. 3. 4. have high resistance. use most of the energy available from the source. complete the electron path from the source to the load. all of these
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146.In a basic electrical circuit, the part that stores electric energy or changes it into other forms is:
1. the load. 2. the source. 3. the conductor(s). 4. the switch.
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147.Technician A says that when taking measurements with a voltmeter and an ammeter, the meters are both connected into the circuit in the same way Technician B says the voltmeter is connected in series and the ammeter is connected in parallel Who is correct?
1. Technician A only 2. Technician B only 3. both Technician A and Technician B 4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
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148.The force that causes the flow of electrons through a conductor is known as:
1. 2. 3. 4. the power. the current. the voltage. the resistance
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149.The unit of measurement for the difference of potential between two points is:
1. 2. 3. 4. the volt the ampere. the PD. the ohm
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150.Which of the following is an example of a load?


1. 2. 3. 4. an electrical wall outlet a hair dryer a pushbutton an extension cord
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151.Which of the following is an example of a voltage source?

1. a battery 2. a light bulb 3. a switch 4. copper wire conductors

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152.Which of the following is classified as a protective device?


1. 2. 3. 4. a pushbutton a fuse a circuit breaker both b and c
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153.Which of the following statements concerning analog and digital devices are correct?
1. The variables in digital systems are fixed quantities, and the variables in analog systems are continuous quantities. 2. There are no basic differences between the two systems. 3. Analog devices are superior in accuracy compared to digital devices. 4. Operations in a digital device are performed simultaneously.
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154.Which of the listed devices is used to measure pressure and convert it to an electrical signal?
1. 2. 3. 4. Transducer Reducer Transformer Rectifier
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155.A battery is connected to a circuit containing three resistors in parallel The values of the three resistors are 2 ohms, 3 ohms, and 6 ohms What is the voltage of the battery if the total circuit current is 12 amps?
1. 2 volts
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2. 6 volts 3. 12 volts 4. 24 volt

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156.A breakable, mercury-filled thermometer should not be used in a lead-acid battery to measure electrolyte temperature, as an accidental breakage can cause
1. 2. 3. 4. severe sparking and explosions rapid oxidation of battery plates violent gassing at the positive plates corrosion on the battery terminals
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157.A constant output voltage from an AC generator is maintained by the


1. 2. 3. 4. prime mover governor exciter generator voltage regulator reverse power relay
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158.A DC ammeter is always connected


1. 2. 3. 4. in series with a circuit in parallel with a circuit with internal shunts only without regard to polarity
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159.A diesel driven emergency generator is prevented from being paralleled with the ship's service generators by
1. 2. 3. 4. an electrical interlock system an automatic paralleling trip switch the synchronizing oscilloscope the reverse current relay
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160.A generator has been exposed to water and is being checked for its safe operation Therefore, it is necessary to
1. check for shorted coils with a growler 2. take moisture readings with a hydrometer 3. test insulation values with a megger 4. ground the commutator, or slip rings and run it at half load for 12 hours
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161.A generator is prevented from becoming motorized by the use of a/an


1. 2. 3. 4. overspeed trip reverse power relay back pressure trip governor controls
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162.A hydrometer indicates specific gravity by comparing the


1. 2. 3. 4. density of a substance in water with the density of the same substance in air differences in weight between water and the liquid measured mass of substance measured with the density of the same substance buoyancy of an object in water with the buoyancy of the same object in the liquid being measured
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163.A lead-acid battery cell sustaining a short circuit


1. 2. 3. 4. will be indicated by lime accumulation on the terminal posts will have unusually high cell voltage will become excessively heated while being charged cannot be completely discharged under load
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164.A lead-acid battery is considered fully charged when the

1. electrolyte gasses freely

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2. battery charger ammeter indicates a positive reading j k l m n 3. terminal voltage reaches a constant value at a given temperature j k l m n 4. specific gravity of all cells reaches the correct value and no longer increases over a period n j k l m of 1 to 4 hours

165.A positive charge can:


1. 2. 3. 4. attract a negatively charged object attract and then repel a neutral object neither of the above both of the above
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166.A reverse-current relay will prevent AC generator motorization by


1. 2. 3. 4. automatically redirecting the load automatically speeding up the prime mover tripping the panel board main switch tripping the generator circuit breaker
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167.A slow continual loss of electrolyte level from one cell of a storage battery could be due to
1. 2. 3. 4. a cracked casing too low a charging rate the specific gravity being higher than normal one filler cap installed too tightly
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168.A transformer in an electric circuit serves to


1. generate its own electrical power 2. transform electrical energy into mechanical energy 3. increase or decrease circuit voltage as required
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4. convert AC current to DC current

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169.A twelve volt lead-acid battery is constructed of


1. 2. 3. 4. one cell three cells six cells twelve cells
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170.A vessel is equipped with two ship's service generators Generator #1 is rated at 900 kw and generator #2 is rated at 600 kw During parallel operation, with a hotel load of 1,000 kw, what should be the kw load on generator #2?
1. 2. 3. 4. 100 kw 400 kw 500 kw 600 kw
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171.After closing the circuit breaker to place two similar alternators in parallel, the NEXT step is to balance the
1. 2. 3. 4. power factor voltage load kilowatt load ampere load
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172.Air gap readings for electrical generating equipment should be taken periodicly This is to: I = determine the condition of the bearings; II =prevent damage to the rotor and stator.
1. 2. 3. 4. I only II only both I and II neither I or II
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173.Air gap readings should be periodicly taken for electrical generation equipment The best tool to use to take these measurements is a
1. 2. 3. 4. cloth (non-metalic) tape measure dial indicator inside micrometer tapered, long blade, feeler gage
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174.Air gap readings should be taken on electrical generation machinery periodicly to: I = determine the need for cleaning; II =check the condition of the bearings.
1. 2. 3. 4. I only II only both I and II neither I or II
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175.Air gap readings should be taken periodicly on electrical generation equipment to


1. determine the amount of varnish that can be applied to correct insulation problems 2. determine the condition of the bearings 3. provide for the correct proper tightening of the field coil bolts and correct lateral adjustment of the field coils 4. increase machine efficiency
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176.An AC generator panel is fitted with both synchronizing lamps and a synchroscope When the synchroscope pointer reaches the noon position, one synchronizing light is bright and the other is dark This means
1. 2. 3. 4. there is a ground on the phase with the dark lamp the phase sequence is incorrect the phase sequence is correct the generator breaker may be closed
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177.An AC generator produces 60 Hz at 1800 RPM If the generator speed is increased

to 1830 RPM, the cycles will


1. remain at 60 Hz 2. increase to 61 Hz 3. decrease to 59 Hz 4. increase to 63 Hz
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178.An alternator switchboard has a synchroscope and synchronizing lamps If the synchroscope is broken, which of the steps listed is the most essential before an alternator can be paralleled with the bus?
1. The breaker should be closed when one synchronizing lamp is dark and the other is bright. 2. The breaker should be closed when both synchronizing lamps are bright. 3. The frequency meter should be used to determine that the incoming alternator frequency is slightly higher than the bus. 4. A portable phase sequence indicator must be used to verify the information from the lamps.
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179.As a result of a mechanical malfunction in one of the ship's service generators operating in parallel, you must secure that generator In order to prevent a possible overload to the remaining generator, which of the following sequential courses of actio
1. Trip the malfunctioning generator's circuit breaker and prime mover throttle trip. 2. Trip all nonvital distribution feeder circuit breakers, the malfunctioning generator's circuit breaker, and the prime mover throttle trip. 3. Trip the malfunctioning generator's circuit breaker and distribution feeder circuit breakers. 4. Trip all nonvital distribution feeder circuit breakers, the malfunctioning prime mover turbine throttle trip, and the generator circuit breaker.
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180.As shown in the illustration EL-0071, the dry-cell batteries are connected in
Maximizeaza

1. 2. 3. 4.

compound series parallel tandem

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181.At high discharge rates, nickel-cadmium storage batteries are superior to lead-acid batteries because they
1. 2. 3. 4. require fewer cells for the same voltage and less mounting space are able to produce higher voltages and do not have to be charged as often can be charged and discharged many times without much damage have no individual cells to replace at the end of useful life
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182.Attempting to parallel an AC generator which is out of phase with the bus will result in which of the following problems?
1. The breaker should trip. 2. The KVA will decrease. 3. The synchronizing lamps will burn out. 4. The power factor will be unitized.
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183.Automatic voltage regulators provided on switchboards function to

1. 2. 3. 4.

regulate the AC load on the generator protect the switchboard from high voltage govern prime mover speed to control voltage vary the field excitation to the generators

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184.Batteries used for diesel engine starting should


1. 2. 3. 4. be located in a locker on the weather deck be located as close as possible to the engine have sufficient capacity to provide at least 50 starts consecutively without recharging only be of the nickel alkaline type
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185.Battery capacities are given in


1. 2. 3. 4. volts volt-amperes volt-hours ampere-hours
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186.Battery charging rooms should be well ventilated because the charging process produces
1. 2. 3. 4. highly poisonous gas highly combustible oxygen explosive gases corrosive gases
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187.Before any work on electrical or electronic equipment is performed, which of the following precautions should be carried out?
1. De-energize the applicable switchboard bus. 2. Bypass the interlocks.
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3. Secure and tag the supply circuit breaker in the open position. 4. Station a man at the circuit supply switch.

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188.Before reassembling any machinery, you should


1. 2. 3. 4. replace all bearings regardless of length of service apply a heavy coat of oil to all mating surfaces clean any corroded surfaces and file all burrs smooth coat all parts with alemite grease
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189.Caution must be exercised during the charging of lead-acid storage batteries as


1. 2. 3. 4. the acid will become weaker hydrogen gas is being continuously liberated both plates are changing chemically to lead sulfate lead peroxide in the negative plate is poisonous
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190.Common nickel-cadmium and nickel-iron storage batteries utilize


1. 2. 3. 4. acid primary cells alkaline primary cells acid secondary cells alkaline secondary cells
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191.During discharge of a lead-acid storage battery, which of the following actions occurs?
1. The acid becomes stronger. 2. Both plates change chemically to ammonium chloride. 3. The acid becomes weaker. 4. Hydrogen gas is liberated.
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192.During the charging process of storage batteries, the charging rooms should be

well ventilated because


1. 2. 3. 4. without ventilation excessive gassing will occur highly poisonous gases are released highly explosive gases will otherwise accumulate without ventilation the battery will not take a full charge
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193.Electric circuits are protected against overloads and short circuits by means of a/an
1. 2. 3. 4. circuit breaker amplifier diode capacitor
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194.Electric current is the flow of electrons through a conductor; the rate of this flow is measured in
1. 2. 3. 4. volts amperes coulombs ohms
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195.Equal power factors on paralleled AC generators are maintained by an automatic


1. 2. 3. 4. voltage regulator reverse power relay reverse current relay governor control switch
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196.Equalization of the power factors of two alternators operating in parallel is accomplished

1. manually, by adjusting the governor controls 2. automatically, by automatic voltage regulators 3. manually, adjusting the output of current transformers 4. automatically, by the designed action of the governors

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197.From the standpoint of safety, you should never allow salt water to enter a leadacid storage battery or come in contact with sulfuric acid because
1. 2. 3. 4. the resulting gas is extremely flammable the resulting gas is a respiratory irritant that can be fatal the primary constituent, sodium, reacts lethally with lead peroxide combining salt water with lead-acid creates an invisible gas resulting in severe corrosion
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198.If a 6 volt battery were connected in series with a 24 volt battery by putting their negative terminals together, what would be the result?
1. 2. 3. 4. 'Zero' volts 12 volts of the opposite polarity 18 volts, positive on the 24 volt battery 30 volts, negative on the 24 volt battery
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199.If a fuse of correct size and type blows frequently,


1. 2. 3. 4. try the next higher amperage rating try the next lower amperage rating look for trouble within the circuit reduce the applied voltage 10%
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200.If a transformer is connected to a DC source, the transformer will overload at the


1. contacts 2. primary coil 3. secondary coil
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4. core

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201.If air gap readings for an electical generating machine have changed significantly from the last reading, you should check
1. 2. 3. 4. the bearings insulation readings and machine cleanliness the prime mover thrust bearing the field coil bolts for the proper torque values
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202.If an alternator is to be inactive for a considerable period of time, which of the following actions should be taken?
1. It should be disconnected from the prime mover and raised off its bearing supports. 2. Insulation resistance readings should be taken weekly to ensure resistance is not deteriorating. 3. The brushes should be lifted off the slip rings to prevent pitting of the metal by electrolytic action. 4. The windings and collector rings should be protected with a thin coat of grease or oil.
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203.If the energy input is significantly reduced to the prime mover of one shipboard alternator operating in parallel with others, that alternator will
1. 2. 3. 4. continue to operate at no load lose its load and overspeed begin to motorize and then trip out slow down and operate at reduced load
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204.If the excitation is increased to one of two alternators operating in parallel, the
1. 2. 3. 4. power factor will change in the lagging direction power factor will change in the leading direction kilowatt load will be greatly increased ampere load will be greatly decreased
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205.If the excitation of an alternator operating in parallel is decreased below normal, its
1. 2. 3. 4. power factor will change in the lagging direction power factor will change in the leading direction ampere load will be greatly increased kilowatt load will be greatly decreased
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206.If the pointer of the synchroscope is rotating in the slow direction when you are preparing to parallel two alternators, the
1. 2. 3. 4. incoming machine is turning faster than the load alternator loaded alternator is turning faster than the incoming machine load on the loaded alternator is ready to split incoming machine is beginning to pick up some of the load
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

207.If three AC generators are operating in parallel, and one of them were to "pull out" of synchronism with the other two generators, the
1. 2. 3. 4. normally operating AC generators will vibrate severely AC generator pulling out of synchronism will vibrate severely normally operating AC generators will overspeed and unload AC generator pulling out of synchronism will become motorized
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

208.If two AC generators have just been placed in parallel, the true power load is initially distributed evenly by
1. 2. 3. 4. a balance coil changing field excitation adjusting the governor control settings a rheostat
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

209.If violent gassing occurs when a lead-acid storage battery is first placed on charge, the

1. 2. 3. 4.

battery must be given an emergency charge charging rate is too low charging rate is too high specific gravity of the electrolyte solution is too low

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

210.In a 60 Hz AC system, the current will pass through one complete cycle in
1. 2. 3. 4. 60 seconds 6 seconds 1 second .016 of a second
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

211.In a three-phase, open-delta connected transformer, the line current is equal to


1. 2. 3. 4. the phase current three times the phase current the sum of any two phase currents the difference of any two phase currents
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

212.In an AC generator, pitting of collector rings will cause: I = sparking; II = chattering.


1. 2. 3. 4. I only II only both I and II neither I or II
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

213.In electric circuit schematics, a transformer is represented by which of the symbols shown in the illustration EL-0059?
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1. 2. 3. 4.

A B C D

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

214.In replacing a defective transformer with a new one, which of the following actions must be carried out to insure proper operation of the equipment it serves?
1. The secondary leads must be grounded for 10 minutes to remove static charges. 2. The transformer connections must be made as before with regard to the indicated polarity. 3. The iron core of the transformer must be flashed to pre-magnetize it. 4. The iron core must be grounded for 10 minutes to remove any residual magnetism.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

215.In the illustration EL-0039 circuit, A, B, C, and D are each 12 volts What is the voltage of the lead connected to C and D with respect to the lead connected to A and B?
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1. 2. 3. 4.

(+) 48 volts (-) 24 volts (-) 48 volts (+) 24 volts

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

216.In the illustration, "D" is the symbol for a/an


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1. thermal overload heater 2. portable cable

j k l m n j k l m n

3. fuse 4. indicating lamp

j k l m n j k l m n

217.In which section of the 24 VDC power supply circuit illustrated, does the greatest change in voltage level take place when fed from ships power
Maximizeaza

1. 2. 3. 4.

I II III IV

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

218.Kilowatt load is divided between two AC generators operating in parallel by


1. 2. 3. 4. adjusting the governor controls varying the excitation voltage increasing both prime mover speeds simultaneously decreasing both prime mover speeds simultaneously
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

219.Local action in a dry-cell, or lead-acid storage battery is the process whereby

1. hydrogen gas is liberated 2. the electrolyte compensates for overcharging 3. potassium hydroxide absorbs carbon dioxide from the air 4. the battery becomes discharged without being connected to a load

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

220.Local action in a nickel-cadmium battery is offset by


1. 2. 3. 4. separating the positive and negative plates with plastic spacers separating the positive and negative plates with resin impregnated spacers adding a small amount of lithium hydroxide to the electrolyte trickle charging
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

221.Loss of or weak residual magnetism in an alternator or generator can be corrected for by


1. 2. 3. 4. running the rotor in the opposite direction for 5 minutes allowing the generator to run at 10% of normal speed for 5 minutes running the generator at normal speed with the field rheostat fully counterclockwise using a storage battery or battery charger to 'flash' the field
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

222.Maintenance of alkaline batteries should include


1. 2. 3. 4. checking the electrolyte weekly using a hydrometer replacing the electrolyte every 5 years trickle charging replacment when the volts per cell drops below 1.8 VDC
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

223.Mercury filled thermometers should never be used to determine the temperature of the battery electrolyte because accidental breakage of the thermometer can cause
1. severe sparking and explosions 2. rapid oxidation of battery plates 3. contamination of the electrolyte
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. corrosion on the battery terminals

j k l m n

224.Motorization of an alternator is undesirable because


1. 2. 3. 4. the alternator will be damaged it puts an additional load on the bus high voltage pulses are induced in the bus all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

225.Nickel-cadmium storage batteries are superior to lead-acid batteries because they


1. 2. 3. 4. put out higher voltages and require no maintenance can remain idle and keep a full charge for a long time need fewer cells in series and use less mounting space all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

226.On large generators, space heaters are used to


1. keep the machine at ambient tmperature of the machinery space 2. maintain rotor and stator winding temperatures above the dew point to prevent the formation of condensation 3. prevent condensation in the lube oil 4. prevent electrolysis due to condensation in the bearings
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

227.On the meter scale illustrated, while using the R X 1 scale, the reading at "E" will be
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1. 2. 3. 4.

2.0 ohms 20 ohms 200 ohms none of the above

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

228.One factor that determines the frequency of an alternator is the


1. 2. 3. 4. number of turns of wire in the armature coil speed of the rotor strength of the magnets used output voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

229.One horsepower is equal to


1. 2. 3. 4. 500 watts 663 watts 746 watts 1,000 watts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

230.Power transformers are rated in

1. kilowatts 2. ampere-turns 3. kilowatt-volts 4. kilovoltamperes

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

231.Prior to closing the breaker when paralleling two AC generators, the recommended practice is to have the frequency of the incoming machine
1. 2. 3. 4. slightly less than the line frequency the same as the line frequency slightly greater than the line frequency all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

232.Prior to starting an AC generator prime mover, the voltage regulator cutout switch should be placed in the
1. 2. 3. 4. manual position bus neutral position raise voltage position transfer position
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

233.Proper storage battery maintenance includes


1. 2. 3. 4. keeping connections tight and casing surfaces clean making sure electrolyte level is below the separator plates insulating the terminals with naval jelly maintaining a high charging rate at all times
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

234.Proper storage battery maintenance includes


1. maintaining a high charging rate at all times 2. replacing the electrolyte once a year 3. insuring electrolyte level is below the separator plates
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. applying petroleum jelly to connections to minimize corrosion

j k l m n

235.Regarding an AC generator connected to the main electrical bus; as the electric load and power factor vary, a corresponding change is reflected in the generator armature reaction These changes in armature reaction are compensated for by the
1. 2. 3. 4. governor speed droop setting voltage regulator balance coil phase-balance relay
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

236.Regarding battery charging rooms, ventilation should be provided


1. 2. 3. 4. at the lowest point of the room horizontally near the batteries at the highest point of the room only when charging is in progress
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

237.Routine maintenance of lead acid batteries should include


1. 2. 3. 4. keeping the terminals clean coating cable connections with petroleum jelly maintaining a trickle charge all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

238.The amount of voltage induced in the windings of an AC generator depends mainly on


1. the number of field poles energized 2. the speed at which the stator windings rotate through the magnetic field 3. the strength of the magnetic field 4. all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

239.The apparent power in a purely inductive circuit is also known as

1. 2. 3. 4.

true power lead power induced power reactive power

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

240.The basic operating principle of a transformer is attributed to


1. 2. 3. 4. electromagnetic induction variance of a conductor in a magnetic field mutual reaction thermionic emission
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

241.The capacity of a storage battery is measured in


1. 2. 3. 4. volts ampere-hours farads amps
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

242.The charge of a lead-acid battery can be restored by


1. 2. 3. 4. passing an alternating electric current through the cell passing a direct electric current through the cell adding acid to the electrolyte all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

243.The charge of a lead-acid battery is checked with a/an


1. manometer 2. hydrometer 3. voltmeter 4. ohmmeter
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

244.The charging of lead-acid storage batteries will always result in


1. 2. 3. 4. dangerous acid burns a dangerously explosive gas being liberated the danger of lead poisoning all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

245.The cycles per second developed by the alternator aboard your vessel is determined by
1. 2. 3. 4. the speed of the engine driving the alternator the resistance applied to the field rheostat the synchronous speed of induction the adjustments made to the voltage regulator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

246.The division of kilowatt load between two paralleled alternators is determined by the
1. 2. 3. 4. amount of field excitation to the leading machine load-speed characteristics of the governors amount of field excitation to the lagging machine number of field poles per alternator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

247.The division of the kilowatt load between two AC generators operating in parallel is controlled by the settings and characteristics of the
1. 2. 3. 4. voltage regulators field rheostats reverse power relays prime mover governors
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

248.The division of the reactive KVA load between paralleled AC generators is initiated by the

1. 2. 3. 4.

prime mover governors voltage regulators phase balance relay proportioner

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

249.The dry-cell batteries, shown in the illustration EL-0070 are connected in


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1. 2. 3. 4.

compound series parallel tandem

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

250.The dry-cell batteries, when connected as shown in the illustration EL-0070, would produce
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1. 2. 3. 4.

1.5 volts 2.5 volts 3.5 volts 4.5 volts

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

251.The electrolyte in a lead-acid storage battery consists of distilled water and


1. 2. 3. 4. hydrogen chloride calcium chloride sulfuric acid muriatic acid
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

252.The electrolyte used in a nickel-cadmium battery is distilled water and


1. 2. 3. 4. diluted sulfuric acid potassium hydroxide lead sulfate zinc oxide
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

253.The freezing point of the electrolyte in a fully charged lead-acid battery will be

1. 2. 3. 4.

higher than in a discharged battery lower than in a discharged battery the same as in a discharged battery higher than in a discharged battery, but the specific gravity will be less

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

254.The frequency of an AC generator is adjusted by means of the


1. 2. 3. 4. main alternator field rheostat exciter field rheostat prime mover governor control equalizing reactor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

255.The frequency of an AC generator is controlled by the


1. 2. 3. 4. rheostat governor exciter capacitor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

256.The frequency of an alternator at a given RPM is determined by the


1. 2. 3. 4. number of turns of wire in the armature coil number of magnetic poles strength of the magnets used output voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

257.The frequency of an alternator is controlled from the main switchboard by adjusting the
1. 2. 3. 4. frequency meter voltage regulator governor control sychroscope switch
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

258.The frequency output of an operating alternator is controlled by the


1. relative speed of the rotor poles 2. number of turns of wire in the armature coil 3. strength of the magnets used 4. output voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

259.The governor control switch of an alternator is moved to the 'raise' position This action will
1. 2. 3. 4. raise the no-load speed setting of the governor raise the percentage of speed droop lower the no-load speed setting of the governor lower the percentage of speed droop
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

260.The joule is the base unit of:


1. 2. 3. 4. energy work neither of the above both of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

261.The kilowatt load can be adjusted on a paralleled generator by using the


1. 2. 3. 4. field rheostat governor control automatic voltage regulators hand tachometer
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

262.The KW load is evenly distributed between two alternators just placed in parallel by adjusting

1. 2. 3. 4.

a balance coil the governor settings the field excitation a rheostat

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

263.The load sharing characteristics of two diesel generators operating in parallel are mostly dependent on their governor
1. 2. 3. 4. load limit settings idle speed settings speed limit settings speed droop settings
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

264.The main purpose of an electric space heater installed in a large AC generator is to


1. 2. 3. 4. keep the lube oil warm for quick starting prevent moisture from condensing in the windings when the machine is shutdown prevent the windings from becoming brittle prevent acidic pitting of the slip rings
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

265.The most common type of AC service generator found aboard ship is the stationary
1. 2. 3. 4. electromagnetic field, revolving armature type electromagnetic field, oscillatory armature type armature, oscillatory electromagnet field type armature, rotating electromagnetic field type
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

266.The most practical way to control the voltage output of an AC generator is to vary the
1. number of windings 2. speed of the rotating field
j k l m n j k l m n

3. strength of the rotating magnetic field 4. power factor of the load

j k l m n j k l m n

267.The number of cells in a 12 volt lead-acid battery is


1. 2. 3. 4. three cells four cells six cells twelve cells
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

268.The open-circuit voltage of a fully charged lead-acid battery cell is


1. 2. 3. 4. 1.5 volts 1.8 volts 2.0 volts 2.3 volts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

269.The opposition to the establishment of magnetic lines of force in a magnetic circuit is called the circuit's
1. 2. 3. 4. resistance reluctance impedance inductance
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

270.The output voltage of a 440 volt, 60 Hz AC generator is controlled by the


1. load on the alternator 2. load on the prime mover 3. speed of the prime mover 4. exciter output voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

271.The output voltage of a three-phase alternator is regulated by the

1. 2. 3. 4.

AC voltage to the armature AC voltage to the field DC voltage to the armature DC voltage to the field

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

272.The plates of a NiCad storage battery are made of


1. 2. 3. 4. potassium hydroxide with a small amount of sulfuric acid lead and lead peroxide silver oxide and lead sulfate combinations of nickel powder and nickel & cadmium salts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

273.The power factor at which a paralleled AC generator operates is usually adjusted by the
1. 2. 3. 4. connected load prime mover speed field excitation generator's rated voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

274.The power factor of an AC generator operating singularly is determined by the


1. 2. 3. 4. connected load prime mover speed field excitation generator's rated voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

275.The proper way to mix the electrolyte for a battery is to add


1. acid to alkaline water 2. acid to distilled water 3. alkaline water to acid
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. distilled water to acid

j k l m n

276.The purpose of DC generator brushes is to


1. 2. 3. 4. neutralize armature reaction conduct electric current to an outside circuit convert DC current to AC current provide excitation to a DC generator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

277.The purpose of the commutator and brushes on a DC generator is to


1. 2. 3. 4. transfer generated direct current voltage from the armature to the line convert the alternating voltage generated within the armature to a direct voltage provide a sliding contact method to excite the field reduce sparking between the armature and the carbon brushes
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

278.The purpose of the reverse power relay, provided on a ship's service alternator panel, is to trip the circuit in the event of
1. 2. 3. 4. main circuit overload high power transfer generator overspeeding alternator motorization
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

279.The reactive power drawn by a motor from an AC generator is the power which is
1. used to establish the magnetic field of the motor 2. lost in overcoming friction in the bearings 3. strictly converted to heat generated by current flow through the windings 4. transmitted directly through the rotor shaft to perform useful work
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

280.The removal of paint from electrical equipment, such as generators, should be cautiously undertaken because

1. the mechanical shock of paint removal lessens the dielectric strength of the insulation 2. the paint dust is composed of abrasive and semi-conducting materials which impair insulation 3. paint dust buildup has a tendency to cause corrosion 4. phase windings frequently become isolated from each other due to dust interference at the terminals

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

281.The RPM of an AC generator can be measured with a/an


1. 2. 3. 4. ammeter voltmeter vibrating reed meter synchroscope
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

282.The specific gravity of the electrolyte in a lead-acid battery is measured by a


1. 2. 3. 4. gould plate titration pipette hydrometer litmus paper test
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

283.The specific gravity of the electrolyte solution in a lead acid battery


1. 2. 3. 4. is not effected during charging remains the same during discharge would read close to 1.830 when discharged gives an indication of the state of charge of the battery
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

284.The standard method of controlling the output voltage of a 440 volt, 60 Hz, AC generator is accomplished by adjusting the
1. prime mover speed droop 2. number of poles
j k l m n j k l m n

3. alternator field excitation 4. load on the alternator

j k l m n j k l m n

285.The standard procedure for maintaining the charge in an emergency diesel starting battery is to trickle charge the battery
1. 2. 3. 4. continuously at least once each week whenever the charge falls to 75% of full charge whenever the electrolyte specific gravity falls to 1.250 or lower
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

286.The state of charge of a lead acid storage battery is best indicated by the
1. 2. 3. 4. testing of the individual cell voltages ampere hour capacity of the battery specific gravity of the electrolyte total cell voltages
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

287.The state of charge of a lead-acid battery is best indicated by the


1. 2. 3. 4. individual cell voltage ampere-hour capacity electrolyte specific gravity total cell voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

288.The true power indicated by a wattmeter depends on the current flow through the load, the magnitude of the potential across the load, and the
1. power factor of the load 2. angle of coil displacement 3. inertia of the movable coil 4. high resistance from the load
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

289.The voltage developed by an AC generator is controlled by varying the


1. speed of the prime mover 2. AC excitation to the field 3. DC excitation to the field 4. DC excitation of the voltage regulator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

290.The voltage output of an AC generator is accurately controlled by


1. 2. 3. 4. changing the sensitivity of the prime mover to large changes in voltage varying the reluctance of the air gap varying the DC exciter voltage shorting out part of the armature windings
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

291.Three 12 volt, lead-acid, batteries connected in series will develop


1. 2. 3. 4. 12 volts 24 volts 36 volts 48 volts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

292.Three factors responsible for the change in voltage as load is applied to an AC generator are: 1) the drop in resistance in the armature circuit, 2) the change in flux, and 3) the
1. 2. 3. 4. armature winding speed inductance load drop coil pitch factor armature reactance voltage drop
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

293.To determine the state of charge of a nickel-cadmium battery, you would use a/an
1. voltmeter
j k l m n

2. hydrometer 3. ammeter 4. potentiometer

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

294.To equalize the power factor of two alternators operating in parallel, the
1. 2. 3. 4. field excitation of both units is adjusted governors of both units are adjusted phase sequence is altered kilowatt load is evenly divided
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

295.To increase the frequency of an operating AC generator, you should


1. 2. 3. 4. increase the field excitation decrease the field excitation increase the number of magnetic poles increase the speed of the prime mover
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

296.To remove an alternator operating in parallel with another unit from the main electrical bus, you must FIRST
1. 2. 3. 4. adjust the power factor on both units set the desired voltage on the outgoing alternator open the circuit breaker on the outgoing alternator remove the load from the outgoing alternator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

297.To test the state of charge of a nickel-cadmium battery, you should use a/an
1. ammeter 2. voltmeter 3. hydrometer 4. potentiometer
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

298.Transformer cores are laminated to reduce


1. 2. 3. 4. eddy currents secondary flux leakage flux all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

299.Transformers are used onboard ships with AC generators to


1. 2. 3. 4. change frequency increase power output to modulating frequency controllers decrease power output to modulating frequency controllers permit higher voltage for electric motor operation and low voltage for lighting circuits
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

300.Two AC generators are operating in parallel and both are equipped with automatic voltage regulators While standing watch, one generator is noted as having a greater lagging kvar In order to equalize the kvars between the generators you should
1. increase the speed of the generator with the largest kvar while decreasing the other generator speed 2. decrease the speed of the generator with the largest kvar while increasing the other generator speed 3. increase the voltage of the generator with the largest kvar while decreasing the other generator voltage 4. decrease the voltage of the generator with the largest kvar while increasing the other generator voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

301.Two AC generators of the same capacity are operating in parallel One with a zero speed droop setting and the other with a 5% speed droop If its capacity is not exceeded, the unit whose governor has the zero speed droop setting will
1. assume the smaller share of the load 2. maintain the frequency of the system 3. have poor sensitivity characteristics 4. have poor power response
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

302.Under normal conditions, storage batteries used for starting the emergency diesel generator are maintained in a charged state by which of the following methods?
1. 2. 3. 4. Trickle charging Fast charging Equalizing charge Reverse charging
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

303.Upon failure of the normal power supply, the emergency generator is placed on the line by the
1. 2. 3. 4. main bus tie feeder automatic bus transfer device line connection feeder power failure alarm bus
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

304.Upon failure of the normal power supply, the emergency generator is placed on the line by the
1. 2. 3. 4. bus tie feeder automatic bus transfer device line connection feeder power failure alarm bus
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

305.Violent gassing developed by a lead-acid battery during charging indicates that the
1. 2. 3. 4. plate separators are grounded cell voltages are excessive specific gravity in insufficient charging rate is excessive
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

306.Violent gassing from a lead-acid battery while it is being charged, indicates that the

1. plate separators are grounded 2. battery compartment ventilation is inadequate 3. electrolyte specific gravity is too low 4. charging rate is too high

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

307.Voltage failure of an AC generator may be caused by


1. 2. 3. 4. failure of the exciter generator a tripped bus circuit breaker high mica segments on the stator bus bar excessive prime mover speed
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

308.Voltage generated by most AC generators is fed from the machine to the bus by means of
1. 2. 3. 4. brushes on a commutator brushes on slip rings slip rings on a commutator direct connections from the stator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

309.What is the approximate voltage per cell produced by the nickel-iron (Edison) battery?
1. 2. 3. 4. 0.85 volts 1.35 volts 2.20 volts 6.05 volts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

310.What is the approximate voltage produced by a nickel-cadmium battery cell?


1. 1.25 volts 2. 1.50 volts 3. 2.20 volts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. 6.05 volts

j k l m n

311.What is the maximum allowable primary current of a 2 KVA step-down transformer with a four to one turns ratio if connected across a 440 volt line?
1. 2. 3. 4. 1.1 amps 4.5 amps 18.1 amps 27.7 amps
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

312.What is the total current in the illustrated EL-0021 circuit with a 6 volt battery if the resistance of R1 is 2 ohms, R2 is 4 ohms, and R3 is 4 ohms?
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1. 2. 3. 4.

0.6 amp 1 amp 4 amps 6 amps

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

313.What type of rotor is used in split-phase motors?

1. Drum 2. Salient pole 3. Squirrel-cage 4. Wound-rotor

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314.What will be the frequency of a three-phase, six pole, AC generator operating at 1800 revolutions per minute?
1. 2. 3. 4. 60 hertz 90 hertz 120 hertz 180 hertz
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315.When a battery is continuously exposed to low temperatures, the best procedure to keep it from freezing is to
1. 2. 3. 4. remove the battery caps securely cover the battery keep the battery fully charged disconnect the battery
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316.When a lead-acid battery begins gassing freely while receiving a normal charge, the charging current should
1. 2. 3. 4. be increased remain unchanged be decreased shut off
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317.When a lead-acid battery begins gassing freely while receiving a normal charge, the charging current should be
1. increased
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2. shut off 3. decreased 4. unchanged

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318.When a nickel-cadium battery begins gassing while connected to the battery charging circuit, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. do nothing as this is a normal condition when charging add distilled water to each cell to reduce the specific gravity of the electrolyte add potassium hydroxide to each cell to increase the specific gravity of the electrolyte decrease the charging rate
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319.When a transformer is used to step down voltage, the low voltage winding is
1. 2. 3. 4. part of the core the primary coil not insulated the secondary coil
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320.When an alternator is to remain idle for even a few days


1. 2. 3. 4. lift the brushes and disconnect the pigtails insulate the collector rings with strips of cardboard energize the heater circuit open the equalizing bus disconnect switch
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321.When charging a 100 amp-hour lead-acid battery,


1. the temperature of the electrolyte should not be allowed to exceed 90F 2. the charging rate should be no greater than 125% of the battery amp-hour rating 3. the source of power for charging should be 2.5 volts per cell 4. gassing within the battery decreases when nearing full charge and it will be necessary to reduce the charging current to a low finishing rate
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322.When charging a nickel-cadmium battery,


1. 2. 3. 4. the charging rate should be lessened when gassing commences overcharging should be avoided the specific gravity of the electrolyte will be unaffected by the state of charge add distilled water just prior to charging to insure proper mixing
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323.When charging lead-acid batteries, the charging rate should be reduced as the battery nears its full charge to
1. 2. 3. 4. prevent damaging battery plates allow equalization of cell voltages reduce lead sulfate deposits increase lead peroxide formation
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324.When charging lead-acid batteries, you should reduce the charging rate as the battery nears its full charge capacity to
1. 2. 3. 4. prevent excessive gassing and overheating allow equalization of cell voltages reduce lead sulfate deposits increase lead peroxide formation
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325.When checking the specific gravity of the battery electrolyte with a hydrometer, you should be aware that
1. 2. 3. 4. the battery is fully charged when the float sinks deepest into the electrolyte the battery is discharged when the float is highest in the electrolyte a hydrometer reading is accurate if taken immediately after water is added to the cell warm temperatures will lower the specific gravity of the electrolyte
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326.When choosing a battery for a particular application, major consideration should be given to the battery's

1. amp-hour capacity 2. terminal polarity 3. stability under charge 4. ambient temperature rise

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327.When choosing a battery for a particular application, major consideration should be given to the battery's
1. 2. 3. 4. amp-hour capacity terminal polarity stability under charge ambient temperature rise
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328.When correcting specific gravity readings of a lead-acid battery for existing temperature conditions, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. add 10 points for each 4 above 80F subtract 10 points for each 4 above 80F add 4 points for each 10 above 80F add 4 points for each 10 below 80F
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329.When lead-acid batteries are charging, they always give off hydrogen gas that is
1. 2. 3. 4. considered inert highly explosive extremely toxic heavier than air
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330.When mixing electrolyte for a lead-acid storage battery,


1. stirring should always be avoided 2. a lead container should always be used 3. always pour the water into the acid
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4. always pour the acid into the water

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331.When mixing electrolyte for a lead-acid storage battery, you should pour the
1. 2. 3. 4. distilled water into the acid in a zinc-plated container distilled water into the acid in a glass container acid into the distilled water in a zinc-plated container acid into distilled water in a glass container
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332.When mixing electrolyte, which of the following precautions should always be observed?
1. 2. 3. 4. Add the acid to the water. Use a heavy duty aluminum pail. Add the water to the acid. Mix the solution outdoors.
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333.When paralleled, AC generators must have the same


1. 2. 3. 4. frequency number of phases phase rotation all of the above
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334.When paralleling two AC generators, the frequency (cycles) of the incoming generator, just prior to closing the circuit breaker, should be
1. slightly less than the frequency of the generator on the line 2. the same as the frequency of the generator on the line 3. slightly more than the frequency of the generator on the line 4. all of the above
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335.When paralleling two AC generators, the frequency of the incoming machine immediately prior to closing its breaker should be

1. 2. 3. 4.

controlled by placing the governor switch in the automatic position adjusted with the voltage regulator slightly greater than the bus frequency slightly less than the bus frequency

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336.When paralleling two AC generators, the frequency of the machine coming on-line, immediately prior to closing its breaker, should be
1. slightly less than the oncoming generator frequency 2. the same as the bus frequency 3. slightly greater than the bus frequency 4. the same as the bus voltage
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337.When paralleling two AC generators, the synchroscope selector switch and frequency meter switch should be set up to sense the frequency of the
1. 2. 3. 4. bus generator on the line oncoming generator bus transfer relay
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338.When paralleling two alternators the synchronizing lamps grow dim and are totally darkened as the synchroscope pointer approaches the 0 position This indicates the
1. 2. 3. 4. alternator voltages are 180 apart incoming alternator is running too fast incoming alternator is in phase with the bus voltage synchroscope pointer is defective or broken
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339.When paralleling two alternators using three synchronizing lamps, the flickering of all three lamps becomes progressively slower and slower This means the

1. frequency of the incoming generator is approaching that of the bus 2. frequency of the incoming alternator is less than that of the bus 3. phase rotation of the incoming alternators is opposite to that of the bus 4. terminal voltage of the incoming alternator is approaching that of the bus

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340.When paralleling two alternators, the synchronizing lamps remain lit as the synchroscope pointer approaches the 0 This indicates the
1. 2. 3. 4. incoming alternator is running too fast alternator voltages are 180 degrees apart synchroscope is defective or broken alternator power factors are in phase
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341.When securing an AC generator, you should FIRST


1. 2. 3. 4. open the generator circuit breaker switch the voltage regulator to 'manual' decrease the field excitation to minimum reduce the load on the unit
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342.When shore power is being connected to a ship in dry dock,


1. 2. 3. 4. the ship's generators are paralleled with the shore power to provide continuous power proper phase sequence must be established exactly 450 volts must be supplied from the shore exactly 60 Hz must be provided by the terminal
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343.When the electrolyte level of a lead-acid storage battery has decreased due to normal evaporation, the level should be reestablished by adding
1. distilled water only 2. sulfuric acid only 3. a weak solution of sulfuric acid and distilled water
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4. a strong solution of sulfuric acid and distilled water

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344.When troubleshooting a lead-acid storage battery, a weak or dead cell is best detected by
1. 2. 3. 4. measuring and comparing all cells' specific gravity taking an open circuit voltage test of individual cells visually inspecting the electrolyte levels of each cell taking each cell's temperature with a calibrated mercury thermometer
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345.When troubleshooting an alkaline storage battery a weak or dead cell is best located by
1. 2. 3. 4. checking the specific gravity of each cell visually inspecting each cell's electrolyte level testing each cell with a voltmeter measuring the electrolyte temperature with an accurate mercury thermometer
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346.When two AC generators are being paralleled, the breaker should be closed with the synchroscope pointer rotating in the
1. 2. 3. 4. 'slow' direction, just before the 12 o'clock position 'fast' direction, just after the 12 o'clock position 'fast' direction, just before the 12 o'clock position 'slow' direction, just after the 12 o'clock position
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347.When you check the specific gravity of the battery electrolyte with a hydrometer, it should be kept in mind that
1. the battery is fully charged when the indicator floats low in the electrolyte 2. any water that has been previously added to the cells will dilute the solution and give a false reading 3. a hydrometer reading is inaccurate if taken immediately after water is added to the cell 4. temperature has no effect on hydrometer readings
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348.Which of the devices listed is indicated by the symbols lettered "A" to "F", shown in the illustration?

1. Diodes 2. Linear inductors 3. Capacitors 4. Transistors

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349.Which of the devices shown in the illustration automatically prevents the simultaneous operation of the windlass from both master switches?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Selector switch Contact 'CR1a' Contact 'CR2a' Contact 'CR1D'

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350.Which of the following actions must be carried out prior to closing the alternator circuit breaker according to the graph shown in the illustration?

1. Increase the alternator voltage. 2. Decrease the line voltage. 3. Increase the line voltage. 4. Decrease the line frequency.

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351.Which of the following activities occurs during the charging process of a lead-acid storage battery?
1. The specific gravity of the acid increases. 2. Both plates change chemically to lead sulfate. 3. The specific gravity of the acid decreases.
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4. Hydrogen gas is absorbed.

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352.Which of the following components are used to convert alternating current produced in the generator windings to direct current?
1. 2. 3. 4. Armature and equalizer Commutator and brushes Rotor and interpoles Field and exciter
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353.Which of the following conditions indicates that a lead-acid battery is being charged too rapidly?
1. 2. 3. 4. Sparks occurring at the positive terminal. Unusually high electrolyte specific gravity. Low plate potentials being developed. Excessively high temperatures and gassing rates.
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354.Which of the following devices should be used to measure the temperature of a battery electrolyte?
1. 2. 3. 4. Mercury thermometer Alcohol thermometer Thermocouple pyrometer Potentiometer
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355.Which of the following losses is/are present in every direct current generator armature?
1. Winding copper loss 2. Core eddy current loss 3. Magnetic hysteresis loss 4. All of the above.
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356.Which of the following problems is indicated if a lead-acid battery begins to gas violently when it is first placed on charge?
1. 2. 3. 4. Insufficient compartment ventilation is being provided. A short circuit exists in one of the battery cells. The battery is undergoing its normal charging rate. An excessive charging rate is being applied to the battery.
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357.Which of the following statements about a three-phase wye connection is correct?


1. 2. 3. 4. The line current is 1.73 times the phase current. The phase current is 1.73 times the line current. The line voltage is 1.73 times the phase voltage. The phase voltage is 1.73 times the line voltage.
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358.Which of the following statements concerning nickel-cadmium batteries is true?


1. When mixing electrolyte always add acid to the water. 2. Nickel-cadmium batteries can be charged and discharged only a limited number of times without damage to the cells. 3. Nickel-cadmium batteries can be stored for a long time and still keep a full charge without additional charging. 4. The electrolyte of an idle nickel-cadmium battery must be replaced monthly to maintain battery condition.
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359.Which of the following statements concerning the specific gravity of a battery electrolyte is true?
1. The electrolyte becomes less dense when it is cooled. 2. The specific gravity reading is lowered when the electrolyte is heated. 3. The most accurate hydrometer reading is obtained immediately after water is added. 4. The temperature does not affect the specific gravity of the electrolyte.
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360.Which of the following statements is true concerning a stepdown transformer in an operating AC power circuit?

1. Voltage and current will both be increased. 2. Voltage and current will both be decreased 3. Voltage decreases as current increases. 4. Voltage increases as current decreases.

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361.Which of the following statements is true concerning all three-phase alternators?


1. Each has three separate but identical armature windings acted on by one system of rotating magnets. 2. Each has one armature winding acted on by three identical but separate systems of rotating magnets. 3. All three-phase alternators are designed to operate with a 0.8 leading power factor. 4. The three phases always provide power to the load through three sets of slip rings and brushes.
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362.Which of the following statements is true concerning the operation of two alternators in parallel?
1. 2. 3. 4. The cycles per second of each alternator are the same. Both alternator governors must be set with the same amount of speed droop. The number of field poles must be the same on each alternator. The load must always be divided equally between alternators.
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363.Which of the following temperatures represents the maximum allowable temperature for the electrolyte of a lead-acid battery?
1. 2. 3. 4. 100F 125F 145F 212F
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364.Which of the listed battery charging circuits is used to maintain a wet-cell, leadacid, storage battery in a fully charged state during long periods of disuse?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Normal charging circuit Quick charging circuit Trickle charging circuit High ampere charging circuit

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365.Which of the listed forms of water should be added to a lead-acid battery?


1. 2. 3. 4. saltwater brackish water distilled water light water
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366.Which of the listed ranges represents specific gravity corrected for temperature for the electrolyte of a fully charged portable lead-acid battery?
1. 2. 3. 4. 1.100 to 1.150 1.180 to 1.200 1.280 to 1.300 1.750 to 2.000
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367.Which of the listed safety features should be provided in small rooms or lockers where batteries are stored?
1. 2. 3. 4. Installation of a fixed CO2 system. An exhaust duct is to be provided and led from within three inches of the deck. Power ventilation is to be provided if trickle charging is utilized. An exhaust duct is to be provided and led from the top of the locker to the open air.
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368.Which of the problems listed will occur if a lead-acid battery is allowed to remain in a discharged condition for a long period of time?
1. The battery may be unable to accept a full charge. 2. The electrolyte will change to lead sulfate.
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3. The concentrated sulfuric acid will attack the lead peroxide plates. 4. The separators will harden.

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369.Which of the processes listed occurs during the charging of a lead-acid storage battery?
1. 2. 3. 4. Negative plates change to lead peroxide. Positive plates change to lead peroxide. Both plates change to lead peroxide. Both plates change to lead sulfate.
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370.Which of the substances listed should be applied to battery terminals to help prevent corrosion?
1. 2. 3. 4. Zinc chromate Lead hydroxide Lead peroxide Petroleum jelly
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371.Which of the synchroscope illustrations depicts the appropriate direction of rotation and position for closing the circuit breaker when paralleling AC generators?

1. 2. 3. 4.

A B C D

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372.While paralleling two (2) AC generators using synchronizing lamps only, both lamps will go dark when the generators are
1. running at the same speed 2. grounded
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3. of the same polarity 4. in phase

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373.Why is it desirable to operate paralleled AC generators at the same power factor?


1. 2. 3. 4. Circulating currents are kept to a minimum. Field excitation losses are kept to a minimum. Generator rotors will have a lesser tendency to hunt. Because a power factor increase will decrease kilowatt output.
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374.You are attempting to parallel two AC generators and the synchroscope pointer is revolving in the slow direction This indicates that the frequency of the incoming machine is
1. 2. 3. 4. higher than the bus frequency lower than the bus frequency the same as the bus frequency but out of phase with it the same as the bus frequency, and the circuit breaker may be closed at any pointer position
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375.You are attempting to parallel two AC generators and the synchroscope pointer is revolving slowly in the fast direction You should
1. use the governor control switch to adjust the incoming voltage so it is equal to the bus voltage 2. use the governor control switch to increase the speed of the machine on the line only 3. close the circuit breaker when the synchroscope pointer approaches the 0 position 4. use the field rheostat to adjust the speed of the incoming machine
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376.You are attempting to parallel two AC generators and the synchroscope pointer stops at a position other than 0 If you close the circuit breaker at this moment
1. the incoming machine will accept all of the load 2. the incoming machine will trip out on low voltage release
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3. a hazardous condition will be created by the cross current between the machines 4. a hazardous condition will be created by the incoming machine being at a higher frequency than the bus

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377.You are attempting to parallel two AC generators and the synchroscope pointer stops at a position other than 0 prior to closing the circuit breaker This indicates
1. 2. 3. 4. the frequency of the incoming machine is the same as the bus frequency the incoming machine is in phase with the bus, but the frequency is not the same the circuit breaker may be closed after breaker has been reset there is an existing cross current between generators
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378.You are attempting to parallel two AC generators, and the synchroscope pointer is revolving fast in the clockwise direction This indicates that the frequency of the incoming machine is
1. higher than the bus frequency 2. lower than the bus frequency 3. the same as the bus frequency and the circuit breaker may be closed at any pointer position 4. the same as the bus frequency but out of phase with it
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379.You are paralleling two alternators The synchronizing lamps grow dim and are totally darkened as the synchroscope pointer approaches the 0 position This indicates that the
1. 2. 3. 4. alternator voltages are 180 apart circuit breaker can be closed incoming alternator is running too slowly synchroscope is defective or broken
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380.Which component of the circuit shown in the illustration EL-0081 is the starter?

1. A

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2. B 3. C 4. D

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381.Which device will stop the motor shown in the illustration in case of a short-circuit (high current) motor overload?

1. "F" 2. "G" 3. "H" 4. "I"

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382.A loud buzzing noise in an AC controller is probably caused by


1. 2. 3. 4. poor contact with the overload relay an incorrectly sized heater a broken shading coil abnormal starting current
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383.A temperature instrumentation system for an engine room console consists of a resistance temperature detector (RTD), a measuring bridge circuit, and a meter (or alarm circuit). Which of the following statements is true concerning the measuring bridge circuit?
1. 2. 3. 4. The input voltage varies in a linear fashion with temperature. The voltage across the center of the resistance bridge is always constant. The resistance bridge is said to be balanced when its output voltage is zero. The input voltage of the resistance bridge is the constant temperature signal.
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384.A tubular fuse should always be removed from a fuse panel with
1. a screwdriver
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2. a pair of insulated metal pliers 3. any insulated object 4. fuse pullers

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385.Aboard ship, a grounded field coil in an AC motor can be determined by using a


1. 2. 3. 4. portable growler galvanometer visual inspection megohmmeter
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386.An advantage of DC motors over AC motors is that they


1. 2. 3. 4. are less expensive require less maintenance can be started across the line offer a more effective means of controlling speed
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387.An electrical connection between the wiring of an electric motor and its metal frame is known as a/an
1. 2. 3. 4. eddy current ground impedance flux leakage
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388.Before touching a small capacitor connected to a de-energized circuit, or even one that is completely disconnected, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. gently tap the body with a screwdriver tag it with a de-energized tag be equipped with an insulated fuse puller short circuit the terminals to make sure that the capacitor is discharged
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389.Compressed air should not be used to clean motor controller equipment because
1. 2. 3. 4. it may force metallic particles into coil insulation the surrounding area may need additional cleaning the air blast dries out insulation quickly a mask and respirator would be required
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390.Electrical failures in motors are caused by the breakdown of insulation, which may be caused by
1. 2. 3. 4. penetration of moisture accumulation of dirt overheating all of the above
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391.Encrusted dirt accumulated inside a motor should be removed with a


1. 2. 3. 4. fiber scraper pointed welding rod hammer and chisel paint scraper
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392.For more complete vessel protection when using an impressed current cathodic system
1. all ship's service alternators have additional temperature sensing devices and a thermal recorder installed 2. machinery on deck and in the engineroom is first coated with zinc chromate before final painting 3. the hull's magnetic fields are aligned with a solid-state degaussing circuit using SCR's 4. straps connect the rudder with the hull and the propeller shaft is grounded through a slip ring/brush arrangement
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393.If 450 volts AC were measured across the load as shown in the illustration it would indicate a/an

1. open winding between 'H1' and 'X1' 2. properly operating circuit 3. open winding between 'X1' and 'X4' 4. ground on one side of 'Ep'

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394.If a small electric motor has been submerged in saltwater for a short period of time, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. send it ashore for rewinding rinse it with warm freshwater and bake it dry in an oven soak it in a bucket of commercial solvent and bake with internal heat clean it with carbon tetrachloride and blow it out with compressed air
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395.If a small electric motor is imersed in salt water it should be I washed in fresh water II dried in an oven
1. 2. 3. 4. I only II only both I and II neither I or II
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396.If an electric motor fails to start, you should FIRST check the
1. 2. 3. 4. phase sequence ampere load fuse or circuit breaker line frequency
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397.If the line voltage to the controller shown in the illustration is 440 volts, what is applied across the control circuit?

1. 2. 3. 4.

110 volts 220 volts 440 volts 660 volts

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398.If the motor fails to start and a voltmeter reading between 1 and 6, as illustrated EL-0007, indicates line voltage, your next step should be to

1. replace fuse "10A" 2. replace or repair contact 'Ma' 3. reset and determine the cause of the overload 4. check line voltage between L1 and L3

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399.If there is a reduction in the normally supplied frequency to a 120/240 volt, threephase AC current motor from 60 hertz to 55 hertz, the motor would
1. 2. 3. 4. run at a slower speed operate at a lower current vibrate excessively trip off the line
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400.Impressed current cathodic protection is used on vessels instead of


1. 2. 3. 4. fire alarm systems repeated painting sacrificial zincs vacuum tube degaussing systems
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401.In a cartridge-type fuse, the metal element is contained in a


1. porcelain window 2. thermal cut out
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3. fiber tube 4. flasher device

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402.In an AC generator, direct current from a separate source is passed through the windings of the rotor
1. 2. 3. 4. by means of slip rings and brushes by means of a commutator by means of rotating bar magnet to minimize the danger of arc over
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403.In an impressed current cathodic protection system, the anode is


1. 2. 3. 4. connected to the hull and deteriorates with time insulated from the hull and does not waste away connected to the hull but does not waste away insulated from the hull but deteriorates with time
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404.In the illustration EL-0031, the component labeled "G" is

1. 2. 3. 4.

hard rubber, plastic or bituminous composition porous inside to absorb excess positive ions precharged for (-) and (+) in manufacturing All the above

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405.Magnetic controller contacts may become welded together during operation because of
1. excessive magnetic gap 2. low contact pressure 3. an open coil 4. excessive ambient temperature
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406.Motor controller or starter contacts may become pitted and welded together if the contacts
1. open under loaded conditions 2. close slowly with light pressure 3. open too quickly and arc 4. close quickly with proportionate pressure
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407.Motor starter or controller contacts may become welded together if the contacts
1. 2. 3. 4. open too quickly and arc close under excessive pressure open or close too quickly close under excessive starting current
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408.Reduced voltage applied to a motor during the starting period will


1. 2. 3. 4. result in decreased acceleration time only lower the starting current and increase accelerating time cause a greater starting torque increase the starting current and pump capacity
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409.Section II of the circuit shown in the illustration is the

1. 2. 3. 4.

voltage regulator filter rectifier voltage transformer

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410.Since fuse elements are made of zinc or any alloy of tin and lead, the melting point of the fuse element must be

1. higher than that of copper 2. lower than that of copper 3. equal to that of copper 4. reached when the conductor it is protecting becomes 'white hot.'

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411.The amount of current flow required for the cathodic protection of a vessel is dependent upon the
1. 2. 3. 4. amount of bare steel surface speed of the ship through the water temperature of the water all of the above
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412.The device shown in the illustration EL-0083 is being used

1. 2. 3. 4.

in a step-down operation in a step-up operation in an isolation circuit as a filter

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413.The device that most commonly utilizes the principle of electromagnetic induction is the
1. 2. 3. 4. diode transformer transistor rheostat
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414.The greatest detrimental effect on idle electrical equipment, such as cargo pump motors, is the
1. loss of residual magnetism
j k l m n

2. absorption of moisture in the insulation 3. insulation varnish flaking 4. dirt collecting on the windings

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415.The illustrated EL-0024 circuit is a wheatstone bridge If the meter "G" reads 0 with the switch closed then

1. the current through R1 - R2 is equal to the current through R3 - Rx 2. the voltage across b - d is equal to the voltage of E 3. the resistance of Rx is equal to the resistance of R2 4. all the above are true

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416.The motor starts when the start button in the illustration EL-0007 is pushed, but stops when the button is released the trouble is

1. 2. 3. 4.

the incorrect thermal overload coil a faulty "M" coil a dirty contact on the Disc.Sw. at 'L3' a faulty holding relay contact

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417.The part of a fuse that melts and opens the circuit is made of
1. 2. 3. 4. copper and antimony steel and babbitt aluminum or beryllium alloy zinc or an alloy of tin and lead
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418.The primary function of an electric motor is to


1. develop torque 2. generate high voltages
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3. produce a magnetic field 4. generate high electrical resistance

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419.The proper way to apply plastic electrical tape to an electric cable splice is to
1. 2. 3. 4. apply tape to the braided cover, but avoid touching it wind the tape so that each turn overlaps the turn before it apply the tape in one non-overlapping layer only heat the tape with a soldering iron for good bonding
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420.The purpose of an impressed current cathodic protection system aboard ship is to


1. 2. 3. 4. prevent corrosion of the hull, propeller, rudder and line shafting neutralize the vessel's stray magnetic fields which would interfere with radar protect engine room and deck machinery from oxidation in the presence of salt air maintain a minimum constant alternator load to prevent overheating
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421.The speed of a squirrel-cage motor is usually changed by


1. 2. 3. 4. varying the frequency to the machine adding resistance in series with the stator windings adding resistance in parallel with the stator windings changing the number of connected poles in the stator
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422.The turns ratio of device "A" shown in the illustration EL-0082 is four to one and all taps are evenly spaced. If 110 volts were applied to terminals 'X1' and 'X3', what would be indicated across 'H1' and 'H2'?

1. 37.5 volts 2. 55 volts 3. 220 volts 4. 440 volts

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423.The Wheatstone bridge is a precision measuring instrument utilizing the principle of changes in
1. 2. 3. 4. inductance capacitance resistance amperage
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424.Time delayed or delayed action-type fuses are designed to


1. 2. 3. 4. prevent grounds in branch circuits prevent opens in motor circuits permit momentary overloads without melting guard lighting and electronic circuits
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425.To repair a small electrical motor that has been submerged in saltwater, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. wash it with fresh water and apply an external source of heat renew the windings send it ashore to an approved service facility rinse all electrical parts with a carbon tetrachloride cleaning solvent and then blow dry the motor with compressed air
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426.What precaution should be taken with a vessel's impressed current cathodic protection system after a drydocking period during which the hull has been painted?
1. Output currents should be carefully monitored to assure operation at nearly 100 % capacity for proper curing. 2. Reference cell voltages should be maintained at half the normal range for approximately 48 hours. 3. The unit should remain off for the specified amount of time so as not to disturb curing. 4. A slight (10-15%) overcurrent to the anodes should be allowed in order to speed drying.
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427.What type of electric motor is commonly used to start small auxiliary diesel

engines?
1. 2. 3. 4. synchronous series shunt cage
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428.When power is restored after a complete power failure, a steering gear pump motor will
1. 2. 3. 4. have to be restarted have to be reset restart automatically trip its overload relays
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429.When reading electrical motor controller diagrams, it helps to know that


1. current paths in the control circuit are drawn as heavy lines and in the power circuit as lighter lines 2. current paths in the power circuit are drawn as heavy lines and in control circuit as lighter lines 3. circuits subject to 500 volts or greater are drawn as heavy lines and below 500 volts as lighter lines 4. circuits subject to 500 volts or greater are drawn as light lines and below 500 volts as heavy lines
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430.When removing ball or roller bearings from the shaft of a motor, you should use a
1. rawhide hammer 2. brass mallet 3. wheel puller 4. soft iron pry bar
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431.When testing for blown fuses in a three-phase supply circuit to a motor, you should first

1. apply the megger across the tops of the line fuses 2. apply an ammeter diagonally across the top of the first line fuse and the bottom of the third line fuse 3. apply the voltage tester across the bottoms of the line fuses 4. ensure the circuit is de-energized, and then use a continuity tester

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432.When the motor shown in the illustration EL-0010 is running and the stop button is pushed, which of the following statements will hold true?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Coil "M" will now be energized. Coil 'CR' will now be energized. Contact "M" will close as contact 'CR' opens. Contacts "M" and 'CR' will open.

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433.When troubleshooting a console circuit card which is suspected of being faulty, the first step would be to
1. 2. 3. 4. pull the card and measure the value of all resistors check for the correct value and polarity of all power connections to the card de-energize and pull the card to visually inspect for burned components check for continuity of circuit board traces and then the gain of each transistor
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434.Which component of the circuit shown in the illustration EL-0081 is the ballast?

1. 2. 3. 4.

A B C D

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435.Which of the following actions must be carried out before a voltage tester can be used to test the three line fuses to a three-phase motor?

1. 2. 3. 4.

The fuses must be removed from the circuit. The starter must be placed in the STOP position to stop the motor. The three line connections in the motor terminal box must be disconnected and tagged. Nothing need be done as long as the motor is running under a light load.

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436.Which of the following procedures should be used to maintain a large electric motor during periods of inactivity?
1. A thin layer of air-drying varnish should be applied on the windings. 2. Compressed air should be blown over areas where dust is deposited. 3. Spraying a solvent periodically to remove carbon dust. 4. Space heaters should be used to prevent condensation of moisture.
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437.Which of the following statements is true concerning the operating characteristics of a squirrel-cage motor?
1. 2. 3. 4. Rotor slip is dependent upon the motor load. An increase in motor load results in less slip. A decrease in rotor speed results in less generated current. A decrease in rotor speed produces a weaker magnetic field.
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438.Which of the illustrations listed below is representative of a motor controller's 'schematic' or 'elementary' diagram?
1. EL-0023 2. EL-007 3. EL-037 4. EL-058
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439.Which of the instruments listed could be use to locate a grounded field coil in a synchronous motor?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Ammeter Voltmeter Megohmmeter Frequency meter

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440.Which of the listed precautions should be taken when cleaning the internals of a motor with compressed air?
1. 2. 3. 4. Open the machine on both ends so as to allow the air and dust to escape. Be certain that the circuit breaker is opened and tagged on the feeder panel. Be certain that the air is clean and as dry as possible. All of the above.
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441.Which of the listed types of motor controllers and starters is illustrated?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Across-the-line Primary-resistor Autotransformer Part-winding

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442.Which section of the circuit shown in the illustration changes AC to DC?

1. 2. 3. 4.

I II III IV

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443.While troubleshooting a circuit in an engine room central control console, a resistor is suspected of being faulty. Which of the following precautions must be observed if an ohmmeter is to be used to check its value?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Correct polarity must be observed because reverse bias will damage the component. Meter leads must not be twisted so as to cancel out the individual magnetic fields. Resistor's circuit must be de-energized and at least one end of the component isolated. The meter case must be grounded prior to attaching the leads.

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444.A contactor differs from a relay in that:


1. 2. 3. 4. it operates on a different principle. its contacts can interrupt large motor currents. gravity and spring tension open contacts. all of these
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445.A hydrometer is used to measure the


1. 2. 3. 4. specific gravity of a battery electrolyte water pressure in a deck pipeline amount of potable water a vessel is taking on power developed by a salt water service pump
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446.A loud buzzing noise at the contacts of a magnetic controller could indicate
1. 2. 3. 4. weak contact spring pressure misalignment of the magnet faces excessive line current mechanical binding
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447.A loud buzzing noise coming from the contacts in a magnetic controller can be caused by
1. 2. 3. 4. excessive current excessive magnet gap bouncing of contacts dirt on magnet faces
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448.A low-voltage protection circuit is used in electric motor starting equipment to


1. trip circuit contactors when the motor overspeeds due to low voltage 2. trip circuit contactors when the motor develops a short circuit due to low voltage 3. allow the motor to restart automatically on restoration of voltage without manually resetting 4. prevent the motor from restarting automatically on restoration of voltage
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449.A semiconductor is a material with a


1. 2. 3. 4. conductivity higher than a normal conductor conductivity higher than a normal insulator high conductivity at low temperatures low conductivity at high temperatures
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450.A semiconductor that decreases in resistance with an increase in temperature is known as a


1. 2. 3. 4. resistor thermistor diode thermopile
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451.A silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) is a solid state device used to change
1. 2. 3. 4. DC to AC and control relatively low load current AC to DC and control relatively high load current DC to AC and control relatively high load current AC to DC and control relatively low load current
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452.An electromechanical relay is basically:

1. 2. 3. 4.

an electromagnet used to switch contacts. an electromagnet used to operate motors. an electronic circuit used to control motors. a device designed to relay information.

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453.As shown in the illustration, "S" is the

1. safety switch 2. overload trip 3. start button 4. stop button

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454.Component "B" of section "I" shown in the illustration represents a

1. 2. 3. 4.

bridge rectifier selsyn motor small generator shielded lamp

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455.For an electromechanical relay, the amount of voltage and current required to energize the relay coil is:
1. 2. 3. 4. the same when connected on an AC or a DC source. the same as the voltage and current ratings of the contacts. more than what is required to de-energize the coil less than what is required to de-energize the coil.
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456.Humming or buzzing of electric contacts is a symptom of


1. low voltage on the operating coil 2. power failure to the operating coil
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j k l m n

3. a control circuit ground 4. a control circuit overload

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457.If deck machinery is expected to be idle for an extended period of time you should
1. have electrical safety gloves available in case of electrical shock before running 2. perform a 'high pot' test to determine the condition of the insulation 3. water wash the motor and controller to remove any salt that may interfere with smooth operation 4. check run at regular intervals to insure correct operation and to renew the internal coating of lubrication
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458.If the approximate voltage to be measured in a circuit is not known, you should
1. 2. 3. 4. use the lowest voltage range on the voltmeter connect the meter in series with the circuit only have to calibrate the meter before using it use the highest voltage range on the voltmeter
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459.Magnetic controller contacts may become welded together during operating conditions as a result of
1. 2. 3. 4. high spring pressure high ambient temperature an open coil low voltage on operating coil
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460.Motor drive systems are used:


1. 2. 3. 4. with AC or DC motors. when operator-controlled variance of speed is required. to maintain steady motor speed in spite of load fluctuations. all of these
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461.On tank vessels with an electrically-driven capstan, the motor should be meggered periodically to test
1. insulation resistance 2. eddy currents 3. capacitance 4. armature reactance
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462.Power necessary to operate the horn shown in the illustration

1. 2. 3. 4.

comes from each station's magneto is supplied from a 115 volt source is conducted through a relay coil also lights lamps "R" and "T"

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463.Relays are primarily used to switch currents in the:


1. 2. 3. 4. control circuit. load circuit. power-distribution circuit. live circuit.
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464.Relays with no contacts, which are switched entirely by electronic devices, are called:
1. 2. 3. 4. electromechanical relays. solid-state relays. hybrid relays. magnetic relays.
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465.The best way to test an incandescent lamp filament is:

1. to shake it. 2. to check it for continuity with an ohmmeter. 3. to check it for voltage with a voltmeter. 4. to visually inspect it.

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466.The current drawn by a motor is:


1. 2. 3. 4. low on starting. high on starting. an accurate measurement of motor load. both b and c
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467.The electrical energy necessary to transmit a person's voice over a sound-powered telephone circuit is obtained from
1. 2. 3. 4. dry cell batteries the ship's service switchboard the emergency switchboard the speaker's voice
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468.The fluorescent bulb produces light by:


1. 2. 3. 4. heating a filament to a white-heat temperature. means of a chemical reaction within the tube. means of an electron arc established between two cathodes. means of magnet induction between two electrodes.
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469.The illustrated EL-0024 circuits are used to measure

1. 2. 3. 4.

resistance gauss or magnetic field strength battery discharge rate in Amp-hours capacitance

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j k l m n

470.The instant-start fluorescent tube:


1. 2. 3. 4. has a single-pin connection at each end. requires a very high starting voltage. requires a bulkier and more expensive type of ballast. all of these
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471.The pitting of controller contacts can be caused by


1. 2. 3. 4. excessive spring pressure insufficient contact pressure continuous motor overload all of the above
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472.The purpose of a magnetic relay is to


1. 2. 3. 4. open a circuit only in the event of overload remotely open and close contacts provide overcurrent protection during starting relay voltages at increased power
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473.The purpose of overload protection on a motor is to protect:


1. 2. 3. 4. the motor from sustained overcurrents. the wire from high currents. the motor from sustained over voltage. the motor from short circuits.
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474.The resistance of a 200-W, 120-V incandescent lamp would be:

1. higher than that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp. 2. lower than that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp. 3. the same as that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp. 4. 1,66 Ohmi

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475.The schematic diagram shown in the illustration EL-0069 represents which of the listed solid-state circuits?

1. Bridge rectifier 2. Magnetic amplifier 3. Flip-flop generator 4. Cathodic amplifier

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476.The shipboard general alarm system must receive its main source of power from
1. 2. 3. 4. a storage battery the emergency generator an auxiliary generator the ship's service generator
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477.The timer element of a reverse power relay cannot be energized unless


1. 2. 3. 4. the power flow is the same as the tripping direction the power flow is the opposite to the tripping direction the movement of the disk is damped by a permanent magnet one generator is motorized
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478.The use of four diodes, in a full-wave bridge rectifier circuit, will


1. provide unidirectional current to the load 2. allow a very high leakage current from the load 3. convert direct current to alternating current
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4. offer high opposition to current in two directions

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479.What are the plant conditions existing in the 'engine speed control' diagram shown in the illustration?

1. 2. 3. 4.

The Bridge is in control in the 'auto. maneuver' mode. The Engine Room is in control in the 'cruise split' mode. The Bridge is in control in the 'auto. split' mode. The Engine Room is in control in the 'auto. maneuver' mode.

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480.When attempting to measure AC current with the device shown and you are unsure of the range, the range switch should be set to

1. 2. 3. 4.

10 MA / AMPS with leads in the (-10 A) and (+10 A) jacks 10 MA / AMPS with leads in the (-COMMON) and (+) jacks 10 MA / AMPS with leads in the (-COMMON) and (+10 A) jacks unable to accurately measure AC current with this device as illustrated

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

481.Which of the following applies to stopping a motor by electronically reversing the motor while it is still running in the forward direction?
1. 2. 3. 4. dynamic braking regenerative braking plugging jogging
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482.Which of the following devices are protected from being motorized by a reversepower relay?
1. Alternators 2. Wave guides
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3. Exciters 4. Amplidynes

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483.Which of the following is designed to provide machine operation protection by requiring the motor to be restarted after a power failure?
1. 2. 3. 4. phase-reversal protection ground-fault protection low-voltage protection low-voltage release
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484.Which of the following is not a characteristic of AC motors?


1. 2. 3. 4. high torque at low speed lower cost less maintenance required physically smaller than DC motors of the same horsepower
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485.Which of the following is not a common application for a relay?


1. 2. 3. 4. change alternating current to direct current control a 120-V lighting circuit with a 24-V control circuit control several switching operations by a single separate current switch a high-current motor circuit ON and OFF with a low current control circuit
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486.Which of the following is not an advantage of fluorescent lamps over the incandescent types?
1. lower initial cost 2. produce less heat during normal operation 3. produce more light per watt of power consumed 4. will last longer
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487.Which of the following is not an advantage of high-intensity discharge lamps?


1. 2. 3. 4. They operate at low current. They have a very long life expectancy. They have a high light efficiency. They have a high watt output from a single fixture.
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488.Which of the following statements represents an application of a silicon controlled rectifier?


1. 2. 3. 4. To provide DC power for a main propulsion motor. For use as a voltage reference diode. For sensing flame in an automated burner. To eliminate power supply hum.
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489.Which of the following statements represents the important factor that must be considered when replacing a faulty diode in the exciter rectifier assembly?
1. Be certain that the replacement diode is the same polarity as the one removed. 2. Never alter the diode alignment to cause a change in the neutral plane. 3. Replacement of a diode also requires balancing of the rotor with a one-piece rotor lamination to be shrunk fit and keyed to the shaft. 4. The replacement diode must be dipped in varnish prior to installation to protect against humidity.
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490.Which of the following statements represents the main difference between a relay and a contactor?
1. 2. 3. 4. Contactors control current and relays control voltage. A relay is series connected and a contactor is parallel connected. Contactors can handle heavier loads than relays. Contactors are made from silver and relays are made from copper.
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491.Which of the listed conditions describes the effect on intrinsic semiconductor operation as a result of a temperature increase?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Additional heat sinks will be required Conductivity will increase Conductivity will decrease Resistivity will increase

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

492.Which of the listed precautions should be observed before spraying liquid solvent on the insulation of an electric motor?
1. Slow the motor down to low speed. 2. Disconnect the motor from the power source. 3. Secure all ventilation in the area. 4. Preheat the insulation to assist in cleaning.
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493.Which of the motors for the devices listed below is fitted with an instantaneous overload relay?
1. 2. 3. 4. Fan Pump Winch Machine tool
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494.Which of the wave forms shown in the illustration will be produced when the circuit is in use?

1. 2. 3. 4.

A B C D

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495.A circuit breaker and a fuse have a basic similarity in that they both

1. 2. 3. 4.

can be reset to energize the circuit should open the circuit when overloaded will burn out when an over current flow develops all of the above

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

496.A circuit breaker differs from a fuse in that a circuit breaker


1. 2. 3. 4. melts and must be replaced is enclosed in a tube of insulating material with metal ferrules at each end gives no visual indication of having opened the circuit trips to break the circuit and may be reset
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497.A circuit is protected from overheating by a/an


1. 2. 3. 4. pyrometer thermal overload relay magnetic contactor overload transformer
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498.A delayed-action fuse is most frequently used in which of the listed circuits?
1. 2. 3. 4. Lighting circuit Motor circuit Electric heater circuit Radar circuit
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499.A four-pole induction motor, operating on three-phase 60 cycle current will operate at approximately
1. 2. 3. 4. 850 RPM 1,150 RPM 1,750 RPM 3,550 RPM
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500.A low voltage source is being used for testing armature coils A coil short circuit will be indicated by a
1. 2. 3. 4. high voltage reading, while the other coil readings will have an equal or lower value low or zero voltage reading, while the other coils will have higher readings fluctuating voltmeter reading, while the other coil readings are steady steady voltmeter reading, while the other coil readings are fluctuating
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501.A shore power circuit breaker should be closed only


1. 2. 3. 4. when the ship's generators have been directly paralleled to those on shore in a shipyard if a quick disconnect coupling is used when the ship's generators have been removed from the bus
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502.A single-phase induction motor will only start if you spin the rotor rapidly with the line switch closed After starting, its speed fluctuates between very slow and half-speed The problem probably lies in the
1. 2. 3. 4. starting winding centrifugal mechanism centrifugal switch running winding
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503.A three-phase, induction-type motor experiences an open in one phase Which of the listed automatic protective devices will prevent the machine from being damaged?
1. 2. 3. 4. Overspeed trip Thermal overload relay Three-pole safety switch Magnetic blowout coil
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504.A three-phase, squirrel cage, induction motor will run hot due to

1. 2. 3. 4.

open stator coils high power factor dirty or corroded slip rings reversed commutating poles

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

505.AC circuits possess characteristics of resistance, inductance, and capacitance The capacitive reactance of a circuit is expressed in
1. ohms 2. mhos 3. henrys 4. farads
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

506.An adjustable resistor, whose resistance can be changed without opening the circuit in which it is connected, is called a
1. 2. 3. 4. bleeder resistor rheostat bridge variable shunt strip
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

507.An electric heating element supplied with 120 volts draws 15 amps How much power will be consumed?
1. 2. 3. 4. 15 watts 45.57 watts 180 watts 1800 watts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

508.An electrical device which employs a stationary armature and a rotating electromagnetic field is used aboard ship as a
1. magnetic amplifier
j k l m n

2. ship's service alternator 3. three-wire DC generator 4. saturable core reactor

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

509.An electrical device which prevents an action from occurring until all other required conditions are met is called a/an
1. 2. 3. 4. limit monitor modulator interlock
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

510.As a general rule, the first troubleshooting action to be taken in checking faulty electric control devices is to
1. 2. 3. 4. draw a one line diagram of the circuitry test all fuses and measure the line voltage take megger readings insulate the apparatus from ground
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

511.As shown in the illustration, what happens when "A" is closed, "B" is in position "2" and component 'E2' burns out?

1. 2. 3. 4.

"H" energizes and "D" makes contact. "F" goes out allowing "G" to disconnect. "G" sounds an alarm and "F" illuminates. "C" opens causing "A" to also open.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

512.Before working on an electric cargo winch master switch or controller, you should
1. spray the gasket surface with a solvent 2. drain condensate from the box
j k l m n j k l m n

3. open the circuit breaker in the power supply and tag 4. heat the switch box to remove any moisture

j k l m n j k l m n

513.Electric strip heaters are used in motor controllers to


1. 2. 3. 4. prevent freezing of movable contacts keep the components at their design ambient temperature prevent condensation of moisture minimize resistance in internal circuits
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

514.Electrical circuits are protected against overheating by means of a/an


1. 2. 3. 4. circuit breaker amplifier diode capacitor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

515.Electrical leads and insulation on a motor should be painted with


1. 2. 3. 4. heat-resisting acrylic heat-resisting aluminum insulating varnish insulating white lead
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

516.Excessive heat in an operating motor controller can result from


1. a closed starter contact 2. loose connections 3. missing arc chutes 4. low motor starting torque
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

517.Excessive humming of AC contactors may be caused by

1. 2. 3. 4.

burnt arc shields shorted armature coils a broken shading coil high voltage

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

518.Heat sinks are frequently used with


1. 2. 3. 4. power transistors vacuum tubes tunnel rectifier diodes all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

519.If the illustrated EL-0027 test is being performed to determine which winding is grounded and the light does not come on then

1. winding is grounded and you should continue on to the next winding to see if any others are grounded 2. winding is not grounded and you should continue on to the next winding until the light comes on designating that winding as grounded 3. test is meaningless because you can not determine if a winding is grounded without a megger. 4. ground is not in the windings but probabily in the pecker head, you should check and retape the line lead connections

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

520.In a three-phase, squirrel-cage type, induction motor the rotating magnetic field is established by the
1. 2. 3. 4. current induced in the rotor windings application of a three-phase voltage supply to the stator windings laminated steel core and aluminum conductors in the rotor interaction of the magnetic field caused by the induced current in the squirrel-cage bars with the magnetic field of the stator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

521.In an emergency, the fastest way to interrupt power and stop the winch shown in the illustration is for the

1. mate to open the disconnect switch at 'L1' and 'L2' 2. winch operator to open the 'safe switch' at the 'master switch' 3. engine room watch engineer to open the winch circuit breaker 4. electrician to open the test link at the controller

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

522.In an induction motor, rotor currents are circulated in the rotor by


1. 2. 3. 4. slip rings and brushes an armature and brushes inductive reaction of the rotating stator field external variable resistors
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

523.In general, polyphase induction motors can be started on full line voltage by means of
1. 2. 3. 4. compensator starters autotransformer starters across-the-line starters primary-resistor starters
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

524.In the event of a power failure during cargo loading operations, the movement of an electric powered cargo winch will be stopped by
1. 2. 3. 4. a manual override switch the weight of the load on the boom a spring set brake a hand operated band brake
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

525.Incandescent lamps are classified according to


1. shape of bulb and type of service
j k l m n

2. size and style of base 3. operating voltage and wattage 4. all of the above

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

526.Magnetic controller contacts may become welded together during operation due to
1. 2. 3. 4. an open coil low contact pressure excessive ambient temperature excessive magnetic gap
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

527.Most three-phase induction motors used for driving engine room auxiliaries are started by
1. 2. 3. 4. resistor starters across-the-line starters impedance starters reactor starters
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

528.Motor controllers are seldom troubled with grounds because


1. 2. 3. 4. the auxiliary contacts have a high resistance connection the contactors and relays are mounted on a nonconducting panel the resistor banks are composed of individual series-connected units there are separate switches for the motor and the control
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

529.Section III of the circuit shown in the illustration is a

1. voltage regulator 2. filter 3. rectifier 4. voltage transformer

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

530.Some large AC motors are equipped with with heaters These could be: I = resistance heaters bolted directly to the frame II = low voltage windings embedded in the motor windings
1. 2. 3. 4. I only II only either I or II neither I or II
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

531.The air gap in an induction motor should be periodically checked with a feeler gage to prevent possible
1. 2. 3. 4. rotor contact with the stator axial misalignment of the rotor damage to the motor bearings electrical damage to the bearings
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

532.The alarm system for an engine order telegraph uses small selsyn motors attached to the indicators The alarm sounds when the rotors are
1. 2. 3. 4. in synchronous position, no current is flowing, and the relays are open in synchronous position, no current is flowing, and the relays are closed not synchronized, current is flowing, and the relays are open not synchronized, current is flowing, and the relays are closed
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

533.The difference between the synchronous speed of an induction machine and its operating speed (slip) may be correctly expressed
1. 2. 3. 4. as a percent of synchronous speed as a decimal fraction of synchronous speed directly in revolutions per minute as all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

534.The first requirement for logical troubleshooting of any system is the ability to

1. 2. 3. 4.

collect all available data on a casualty recognize normal operation identify the probable cause of a symptom isolate the faulty component

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

535.The heating of conductors as a result of resistance in a distribution circuit causes a power loss expressed as
1. line droop 2. line loss 3. IR drop 4. hysteresis
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

536.The process, whereby electrons gain sufficient energy to be released from the surface of a thin, heated metal plate, is known as
1. 2. 3. 4. photo electric emission secondary emission thermionic emission regressive emission
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

537.The rate at which heat is produced in a direct current circuit is equal to


1. 2. 3. 4. P divided by R I squared times R E divided by I I times R divided by T
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

538.The rated temperature rise of an electric motor is the


1. average temperature at any given latitude 2. normal temperature rise above the standard ambient temperature at rated load
j k l m n j k l m n

3. average temperature rise due to resistance at 10% overload 4. permissible difference in the ambient temperature of the motor due to existing weather conditions

j k l m n j k l m n

539.The reversal of an AC, three-phase, induction motor is accomplished by


1. 2. 3. 4. changing all three motor leads reversing the position of the slip rings interchanging any two of the three motor leads interchanging any two brushes
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

540.The rotation of a three-phase induction motor can be reversed by


1. 2. 3. 4. interchanging any two of the three line leads to the stator disconnecting one of the three line leads to the stator switching the shunt field coil leads permanently disconnecting any two of the three line leads to the stator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

541.The speed of a multi-speed, squirrel-cage, induction motor operating in a fixed frequency system can be changed by
1. 2. 3. 4. reconnecting stator windings for different numbers of poles changing the RPM of the rotor flux changing the phase sequence of the applied voltage reconnecting the stator so that no poles have the same polarity
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

542.The speed of a squirrel-cage induction motor is determined by the


1. 2. 3. 4. diameter of the stator number of stator poles rotor winding resistance rotor conducting bars resistance
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

543.The speed of a three-phase squirrel-cage induction-type motor operating in a fixed

frequency system is varied by changing the


1. 2. 3. 4. number of phases to the motor number of stator poles locked rotor current resistance of the rotor winding
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

544.The synchronous speed of an induction motor is the


1. 2. 3. 4. speed at which the rotor turns speed of the rotating field frequency of the rotor current slip in per cent of rotor RPM
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

545.The torque produced by a motor when its shaft will not turn, even though rated voltage is applied to the stator, is known as
1. 2. 3. 4. locked-rotor torque pullout torque breakdown torque torque margin
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

546.Under normal conditions, the speed of a two-speed squirrel cage induction motor is changed by varying the
1. 2. 3. 4. frequency of the applied voltage resistance in the rotor circuit number of field poles amplitude of the applied voltage
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

547.Under which of the listed conditions can the engine room retake the throttle control from the bridge?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Any time it is deemed necessary. Only with the master's permission. After a 10 minute delay to the input command. Only after the throttle has been placed in stop.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

548.What is indicated by gradual blackening at the ends of component "C" shown in the illustration?

1. The unit is in danger of exploding. 2. The tube is nearing the end of its useful life. 3. The circuit voltage is too high. 4. The circuit current is too high.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

549.What power is consumed by a heating element using a current of 20 amperes at 120 volts?
1. 2. 3. 4. 20 watts 66.67 watts 720 watts 2400 watts
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

550.When the control handle is in the 'off' position, the solenoid actuated brake of the electric winch is
1. 2. 3. 4. de-energized and the brake is released energized and the brake is released energized and the brake is set by a spring de-energized and the brake is set by a spring
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

551.When you are making a high potential test on a piece of repaired electrical machinery, a rise in leakage current indicates

1. 2. 3. 4.

good insulation bad insulation high insulation power factor a high slot discharge factor

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

552.Which component of the circuit shown in the illustration is the lamp?

1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

553.Which of the damages listed can occur to the components of a winch master control switch, if the cover gasket becomes deteriorated?
1. 2. 3. 4. Overheating of the winch motor. Contamination of lube oil. Sparking at the winch motor brushes. Rapid corrosion of switch components.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

554.Which of the following represents the accepted method of cleaning dust and foreign particles from electrical equipment while limiting damage to electric components?
1. 2. 3. 4. Carefully wiping off the components with a soft cotton rag. Blowing a high velocity stream of compressed air rapidly across the components. Using a vacuum cleaner to remove debris from the components. Using carbon tetrachloride as a cleaning solvent to clean the components.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

555.Which of the following statements describes the significance of ambient temperature in relation to the service life of electronic components?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Ambient temperature should be as high as possible to drive off moisture. Increased ambient temperature decreases the service life of electronic components. Ambient temperature is not significant as long as the relative humidity is kept low. A reduced ambient temperature causes a corresponding reduced service life.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

556.Which two components, shown in the illustration, acting together will disconnect the motor from the line in case of a sustained motor overload?

1. "G" and "H" 2. "E" and "I" 3. "F" and "H" 4. "E" and "G"

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

557.A fuse that blows often should be replaced only with a fuse of
1. 2. 3. 4. the recommended current and voltage rating higher current and voltage rating higher current and lower voltage rating lower current and higher voltage rating
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

558.A load is connected to the secondary of the device illustrated EL-0055 and the current through the load is 10 amps If the step-up ratio is 10 to 1 and the input voltage is 110 VAC, what will be the current flow through the primary?

1. 2. 3. 4.

1 amp 10 amps 100 amps 1000 amps

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

559.Complete controller maintenance includes

1. 2. 3. 4.

periodic testing of protective devices checking for loose or worn contacts and weak springs maintaining a sufficient supply of spare parts all of the above

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

560.In process control terminology values which can change without distinct increments, such as temperature, pressure, or level are called
1. 2. 3. 4. binary values digital values bumpless values analog values
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

561.The illustration EL-0081shows a fluorescent light fixture The ends of the lamp alternately glow and become dark, but the tube will not light The most probable cause is that

1. component "D" is loose and due to the ship's vibrations makes and breaks contact 2. the power system's voltage is fluctuating in and out of the range necessary for proper operation 3. component "A" is shorted and therefore unable to produce the high voltage required to start the lamp 4. component "B" contacts are opening and closing thus prohibiting sufficient current flow

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

562.The source of emergency lighting and power at loss of normal ship's power on a cargo vessel should be obtained from the
1. 2. 3. 4. emergency generator supply to the emergency switchboard emergency generator supply to the main switchboard battery supply to the main switchboard turbogenerator supply to the emergency switchboard
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

563.Two 100 watt light bulbs are connected in parallel across a 100 volt power supply The total power developed in the circuit is

1. 2. 3. 4.

200 watts 100 watts 50 watts equal to the product of the amperes times the voltage in each branch

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

564.What current is required to light two 75 watt lamps and one 40 watt lamp when connected in series to a 120 volt power source?
1. 0.161 amperes 2. 0.631 amperes 3. 1.583 amperes 4. 6.199 amperes
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

565.When a fluorescent lamp fails to light, the trouble can be in the


1. 2. 3. 4. lamp starter ballast all of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

566.When a fluorescent lamp has reached the end of its useful life, it should be replaced immediately, or the resultant flashing may
1. 2. 3. 4. blow the lamp's circuit breaker explode, causing glass to fly in all directions short circuit the ballast transformer damage the starter and the ballast
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

567.When working on electrical circuits containing large capacitors, in addition to deenergizing the circuit, which of the listed precautions should also be taken?
1. Keep all radio equipment away. 2. Measure capacitor insulation resistance.
j k l m n

j k l m n

3. Ground the capacitor terminals. 4. Check capacitor circuit polarity.

j k l m n j k l m n

568.Which of the following components are used to assemble a fluorescent lighting system?
1. 2. 3. 4. Lamp Starter Ballast All of the above
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

569.Which of the listed procedures should be carried out to prevent moisture damage to electrical apparatus during extended periods of idleness?
1. 2. 3. 4. Fill the motor housing with CO2 to inert the space. Strap silica gel around the commutator. Place heat lamps in the motor housings. Cover the equipment with a canvas tarpaulin.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

570.Which of the listed types of lighting circuits does the diagram shown in the illustration EL-0081 represent?

1. 2. 3. 4.

High pressure sodium Low voltage quartz Mercury vapor Standard fluorescent

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

571.Care din consumatori este considerat neesential ?


1. tabloul instalatiei frigorifice din magazii 2. tabloul instalatiei frigorifice al sistemului de stingere cu CO2 de joasa presiune
j k l m n j k l m n

3. tabloul vinciurilor de manevra 4. tabloul instalatiei frigorifice de cambuza

j k l m n j k l m n

572.Care dintre urmatorii consumatori de C.C. se vor gasi pe nave cu sistemele de serviciu in C.A.?
1. 2. 3. 4. Iluminatul general Iluminatul de urgenta Incalzirea cabinelor Bucataria
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

573.Care este tensiunea maxima de alimentare pentru lampi portabile in locuri periculoase?
1. 2. 3. 4. 60v 220v 24v 48v
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

574.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa cantitatea de informatie apriori disponibila :


1. 2. 3. 4. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive; sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise; sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

575.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa natura semnalelor prelucrate de sistemul automat :


1. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive; 2. sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise; 3. sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;

j k l m n

576.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa numarul de variabile de intrare si de iesire :


1. 2. 3. 4. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive; sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise; sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

577.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa structura lor


1. 2. 3. 4. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive; sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise; sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

578.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul I


1.
K 1 + sT
j k l m n j k l m n

H (s) =

2. K

2 2

H ( s) = 3.

+ 2 s +

j k l m n

H (s) = K

4. nici-o varianta

j k l m n

579.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul II

1.
K 1 + sT

j k l m n

H (s) =

2. K

j k l m n

2 2

H ( s) = 3.

+ 2 s +

j k l m n

H (s) = K

4. nici-o varianta

j k l m n

580.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul III


1.
K 1 + sT
j k l m n j k l m n

H (s) =

2. K

2 2

H ( s) = 3.

+ 2 s +

j k l m n

H (s) = K

4. nici-o varianta

j k l m n

581.Functia de transfer pentru un element proportional

1.
K 1 + sT

j k l m n

H (s) =

2. K

j k l m n

2 2

H ( s) = 3.

+ 2 s +

j k l m n

H (s) = K

4. nici-o varianta

j k l m n

582.Teoria sistemelor automate se ocupa cu :


1. 2. 3. 4. analiza functionala a sistemelor automate corectia functionala si structurale a sistemelor automate sinteza proiectarii sistemelor automate a,b si c
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

583.Timpul de raspuns al unui sistem este :


1. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand marimea de iesire prezinta un maxim in evolutia ei 2. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand marimea de iesire prezinta un minim in evolutia ei 3. timpul dupa care valoarea absoluta a diferentei dintre marimea de iesire si valoarea ei de regim stationar devine mai mica si se mentine sub o anumita limita 4. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand acesta ia sfarsit
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

584.Actionarea detectorului de "nivel minim ulei carter" din cadrul unei instalatii de semnalizare si protectie motor auxiliar va

1. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica, va decupla generatorul de la bare si va opri motorul auxiliar 2. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica 3. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica si va porni un alt motor auxiliar 4. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica si va reduce turatia motorului auxiliar

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

585.Actionarea detectorului de "supratemperatura gaze evacuare" din cadrul unei instalatii de semnalizare si protectie motor auxiliar va
1. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica 2. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica, va decupla generatorulu de la bare si va opri motorul auxiliar 3. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica si var fii decuplati consumatorii neesentiali 4. va declansa o alarma optica si acustica si va reduce turatia motorului auxiliar
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

586.Autonomia iluminatului de urgenta alimentat din baterii de acumulatori, considerat "sursa tranzitorie" este de minim
1. 2. 3. 4. 1 ora 1/2 ora 2 ore 3 ore
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

587.Autonomia iluminatului de urgenta alimentat din baterii de acumulatori, se considera timpul de functionare astfel incat tensiunea la bornele celui mai indepartat consumator sa nu scada cu mai mult de
1. 2. 3. 4. 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.01
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

588.Blocul de protectie a unui generator sincron asigura minim protectie la

1. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, supratemperatura ulei motor auxiliar, tensiune minima, putere inversa 2. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, presiune minima ulei motor auxiliar, tensiune minima, putere inversa 3. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, putere inversa 4. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, tensiune minima, putere inversa

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

589.Blocul de protectie a unui generator sincron naval se afla instalat in


1. sectia generatorului din TPD 2. pe generator 3. intr-un tablou dedicat situat in PCC 4. intr-n tablou dedicat situat in CM
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

590.Capacitatea bateriei de acumulatori destinate pornirii DGA trebue sa asigure


1. 2. 3. 4. 5 porniri 9 porniri 6 porniri 3 porniri
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

591.Care dintre tipurile de retea este preferata la navele comerciale ?


1. 2. 3. 4. radiala cu magistrale mixta in bucla
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

592.Care este abaterea maxima admisibila a tensiunii nominale ale unui generator sincron independent dotat cu regulator de tensiune?
1. +/- 3,5% 2. +/- 5% 3. +/- 2,5%
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

4. +/- 1,5%

j k l m n

593.Care este echiparea uzuala a unui Tablou de mal intr-o CEN in CAT ?
1. aparat de conectare, aparat de inversare faze, sinfazimetru, voltmetru cu comutator de faze, frecventmetru, ampermetru cu comutator pe faze, KWh 2. aparat de conectare, aparat de inversare faze, sinfazimetru, voltmetru cu comutator de faze, frecventmetru, KWh 3. aparat de conectare, aparat de inversare faze, sinfazimetru, voltmetru cu comutator de faze, KWh 4. aparat de conectare, aparat de inversare faze, voltmetru cu comutator de faze, KWh
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

594.Care este numarul de bare dintr-un TPD al unei centrale in Curent Alternativ Trifazat?
1. 2. 3. 4. 2 3 4 5
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

595.Care este numarul de bare dintr-un TPD al unei centrale in Curent Continuu?
1. 2. 3. 4. 2 3 4 1
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

596.Care este tensiune unui element de acumulator acid cu Pb


1. 2. 3. 4. 2V 1,5 V 2,4 V 1,2 V
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

597.Care este tensiune unui element de acumulator alcalin Fe-Ni


1. 2 V 2. 1,5 V 3. 2,4 V 4. 1,2 V
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

598.Care sunt protectiile minime necesare motorului termic de actionare a generatorului de avarie
1. presiune minima ungere, temperatura maxima ungere, temperatura maxima racire, supraturatie 2. presiune minima ungere, temperatura maxima racire, supraturatie 3. presiune minima ungere, temperatura maxima racire, turatie minima 4. presiune minima ungere, temperatura maxima racire, presiune minima racire, supraturatie
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

599.Conceptual, unde este amplasat tabloul de distributie pentru iluminatul de urgenta ?


1. 2. 3. 4. In compartimentul masini Impreuna cu statia de incarcare Impreuna cu acumulatorii Pe un culoar la nivelul puntii principale
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

600.Conditiile necesare pentru cuplarea unui generator sincron in paralel la barele TPD sunt:
1. egalitatea tensiunilor, egalitatea frecventelor, egalitatea puterilor active, unghi zero intre tensiunile de faza; 2. egalitatea tensiunilor, egalitatea frecventelor, egalitatea puterilor active, unghi zero intre tensiunile de linie; 3. egalitatea tensiunilor, egalitatea frecventelor, aceiasi succesiune a fazelor, unghi zero intre tensiunile de faza; 4. egalitatea tensiunilor, egalitatea frecventelor, aceiasi succesiune a fazelor, unghi zero intre tensiunile de linie;
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

601.Cos fi -metru indica:


1. Raportul dintre puterea reactiva si puterea aparenta 2. Raportul dintre puterea activa si puterea aparenta 3. Raportul dintre tensiune si curent 4. Raportul dintre puterea activa si puterea reactiva
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

602.Cu ce aparate electromagnetice se poate realiza protectia la suprasarcina a unui generator sincron?
1. 2. 3. 4. releu de curent, temporizat releu termic, temporizat releu de tensiune, netemporizat releu de curent, netemporizat
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

603.Cum controlam saptamanal rezistenta de izolatie a iluminatului de urgenta ?


1. 2. 3. 4. Cu ajutorul megometrului portabil, separand circuitele Nu se controleaza De la nivelul tabloul de incarcare/distributie cu aparatele dedicate Cu doua voltmetre, intr-un montaj specific
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

604.Cum se realizeaza decuplarea consumatorilor neesentiali din cadrul unei CEN in CAT?
1. 2. 3. 4. prin protectia la sub si suprafrecventa la nivelul intrerupatoarelor automate prin protectia la scurtcircuit la nivelul intrerupatoarelor automate prin declansatoare ale intrerupatoarelor automate prin releele de suprasarcina de la nivelul intrerupatoarelor automate
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

605.Cuplarea la barele TDA a generatorului de avarie nu este conditionata de


1. existenta tensiunii la barele TPD
j k l m n

2. semnalizarea de lansare a CO2 in compartimentul DGA 3. actionarea confirmata a protectiei de suprasarcina a DGA 4. actionarea protectiei la scurtcircuit pe barele TDA

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

606.Cuplarea Tabloului de Mal la TPD este conditionata de


1. 2. 3. 4. starea motorului principal starea separatoarelor de bare starea intrerupatoarelor de cuplare la bare a generatoarelor starea generatorului de avarie
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

607.De ce acumulatorii acizi cu Pb este preferat in pornirea cu demaror electric a motoarelor termice ?
1. 2. 3. 4. Deoarece au capacitate mare in raport cu acumulatorii alcalini Deoarece pot fii descarcati pana la zero Deoarece pot ceda instantaneu curenti mari Deoarece au greutate mica in raport cu capacitatea
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

608.De ce acumulatorii alcalini sunt preferati in alimentarea circuitelor iluminatului de urgenta ?


1. 2. 3. 4. Deoarece uzual pot fii complet descarcati Deoarece sunt ieftini in raport cu capacitatea Deoarece pot ceda instantaneu curenti mari Deoarece au greutate mica in raport cu capacitatea
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

609.De ce se prefera ca protectia la scurtcircuit a unei alimentari din TPD din cadrul unei CEN in CAT sa fie executata atat de intrerupator automat cat si de sigurante fuzibile?
1. Se poate regla corect nivelul de protectie 2. Protectia este sigura, fiind dubla
j k l m n j k l m n

3. Se evita ramanerea in doua faze 4. Se realizeaza astfel si protectia la suprasarcina

j k l m n j k l m n

610.Este recomandata functionarea in paralele a unui DG si G-ax ?


1. 2. 3. 4. Nu - datorita lipsei reactiei intre excitatii Nu - datorita caracteristicilor diferite ale regulatoarelor de turatie Da - numai pentru transferul sarcinii Da - daca puterile nu difera cu mai mult de 1/3
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

611.Grupul de avarie trebuie sa functioneze independent minim


1. 2. 3. 4. 24 ore 6 ore 12 ore 18 ore
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

612.In cazul iesirii din parametri reglati, blocul de protectie a unui generator sincron naval
1. 2. 3. 4. opreste diesel-generatorul reduce turatia diesel-generatorului decupleza generatorul de la bare si opreste motorul auxiliar decupleaza generatorul de la bare
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

613.In cazul iesirii din parametri reglati, blocul de protectie a unui generator sincron naval actioneaza asupra
1. regulatorului de turatie a motorului de actionare 2. intrerupatorului automat de cuplare la bare al generatorului 3. regulatorului de tensiune al generatorului 4. sistemului de pornire al celui de-al doilea generator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

614.In conditii normale ale unei CEN in CAT , TDA este alimentat direct din
1. 2. 3. 4. TPD DGA TM nu este alimentat
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

615.La functionarea in paralel a doua generatoare sincrone de puteri egale observam o incarcare de puteri active egala dar o incarcarea de curent de sarcina inegala Acest fapt se datoreaza unui
1. 2. 3. 4. reglaj incorect al regulatorului de turatie reglaj incorect al regulatorului de tensiune defect in bobinajul indusului generatorului defect in bobinajul de excitatie al generatorului
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

616.La navele comerciale se prefera o retea radiala deoarece


1. 2. 3. 4. se asigura un consum minim de cablu se asigura o dubla alimentare a consumatorilor se asigura o buna protectie a consumatorilor se asigura o buna selectivitate a protectiilor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

617.O Centrala Electrica Navala include


1. 2. 3. 4. sursele de energie electrica, tabloul principal de distributie si reteaua navei sursele de energie electrica, tabloul principal de distributie si consumatorii sursele de energie electrica si tabloul principal de distributie sursele de energie electrica, reteaua si consumatorii
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

618.Pe sectiunea din TPD a unui generator sincron din cadrul unei CEN de CAT vom avea minim urmatoarele aparate de masura:

1. un voltmetru dublu, un frecventmetru dublu, un kilowattmetru, un kilovarmetru, un ampermetru de sarcina, un ampermetru de excitatie 2. un voltmetru dublu, un frecventmetru dublu, un ampermetru de sarcina, un ampermetru de excitatie 3. un voltmetru dublu, un frecventmetru dublu, un kilowattmetru, un ampermetru de sarcina, un ampermetru de excitatie 4. un voltmetru dublu, un frecventmetru dublu, un kilowattmetru, un ampermetru de sarcina

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

619.Pentru ca doua generatoare sincrone navale, actionate de motoare auxiliare, sa poata functiona in paralel trebuie ca
1. 2. 3. 4. sa aiba acelasi putere puterile lor sa nu difere mai mult cu 1/3 puterile lor sa nu difere mai mult cu 1/2 sa fie fabricate de acelasi producator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

620.Pentru ca doua generatoare sincrone navale, actionate de motoare auxiliare, sa poata functiona stabil in paralel, trebuie ca
1. 2. 3. 4. parametrii constructivi ai excitatiilor sa fie identici puterile lor aparente nominale sa fie egale puterile lor active nominale sa fie egale sa existe o reactie inversa intre la nivelul regulatoarelor de tensiune
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

621.Pot functiona in paralel un DG si un turbo-gen ?


1. 2. 3. 4. Da - daca sunt indeplinite conditiile de punere in paralel Da - daca avem un sincro-repartitor de sarcina Da - daca excitatiile se pot lega in paralel Da - daca puterile nu difera cu mai mult de 1/2
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

622.Protectia "Mayer" din cadrul unei CEN in CAT este


1. protectie selectiva la scurt-circuit a generatoarelor centralei prin decuplarea lor de la bare n j k l m

2. protectie progresiva la suprasarcina cu decuplarea consumatorilor ne-esentiali

j k l m n

3. protectia la trecerea in regim de motor a unui generator al centralei prin decuplarea de la n j k l m bare 4. protectia la sub si supra fecventa a generatorilor centralei prin decuplarea consumatorilor n j k l m

623.Releul de putere inversa:


1. 2. 3. 4. Pastreaza curentul de sarcina la un nivel de siguranta Pastreaza tensiunea generatorului la un nivel de siguranta Pastreaza puterea generatorului la un nivel de siguranta Pastreaza functionarea masinii electrice ca generator
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

624.Separatoarele de bare se folosesc la


1. 2. 3. 4. punerea in paralel a generatoarelor separarea pe sectiuni a barelor tabloului principal de distributie separarea de avarie a barelor tabloului principal de distributie decuplarea in caz de suprasarcina pentru generatoare
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

625.Sincronoscopul este folosit la


1. 2. 3. 4. Punerea in paralel a generatoarelor de CA Punerea in paralel a generatoarelor de CC Sincronizaea functionarii intre motor si generator Sincronizarea functionarii a motoarelor generatoarelor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

626.Sistemul de iluminat de urgenta alimentat din baterii de acumulatori este considerat "sursa tranzitorie"
1. 2. 3. 4. atunci cand exista si DGA atunci cand autonomia acestuia este de minim 6 ore atunci cand nu exista DGA atunci cand DGA nu alimenteaza iluminatul de urgenta
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

627.Sistemul trifazat cu nul izolat, folosit in CEN de CAT, se justifica prin


1. 2. 3. 4. posibilitatea controlului permanent al rezistentei de izolatie incarcarea echilibrata a centralei izolarea galvanica a consumatorilor de forta de cei gospodaresti folosirea unui numar minim de masini electrice
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

628.Un grup DG portabil asezat pe punte si cuplat la TPD prin tabloul de mal pate fi considerat o sursa de energie electrica de avarie ?
1. Da - pentru ca este o sursa suplimentara ce poate suplinii sursele principale ale centralei electrice 2. Nu - deoarece alimenteza TPD si nu un grup de consumatori dedicati 3. Da - deoarece poate porni automat atunci cand cade tensiunea la barele TPD 4. Nu - deoarece alimentarea se face prin tabloul de mal
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

629.Uzual, blocul de protectie a unui generator sincron actioneaza asupra intrerupatorului automat de cuplare la bare prin
1. 2. 3. 4. bobina electromagnelului de cuplare bobina de minima tensiune bobina declansatorului bobina propie
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

630.Uzual, un intrerupator automat folosit la cuplarea unui generator sincron la barele TPD, are incorporat urmatoarele protectii:
1. 2. 3. 4. suprasarcina si putere inversa tensiune minima si putere inversa scurtcircuit si tensiune minima scurtcircuit, suprasarcina si tensiune minima
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

631.Actionarea motoarelor electrice ale pompelor de combustibil, transfer ulei si separatoare trebuie sa fie dotate cu

1. sisteme de semnalizare a suprasarcinii 2. sisteme de deconectare de la distanta 3. sisteme de protectie la alimentarea in doua faze 4. sisteme de pornire de la distanta

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

632.Alimentarea instalatiilor de automatizare necesare pornirii si functionarii generatorului de avarie se face din
1. TPD 2. TDA 3. bateriile de acumulatori dedicate sau de pornire 4. bateriile de acumulatori pentru iluminatul de urgenta
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

633.Alimentarea sistemului de comanda la distanta a instalatiel de guvernare se face


1. 2. 3. 4. din TPD direct din tablourile din compartimentul carmei, de alimentare ale instalatiei din TDA din pupitrul de navigatie
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

634.Arzatorul caldarinei asigura:


1. Pulverizarea combustibilului, debitul de aer necesar arderii, initierea aprinderii si controlul flacarei. 2. Pulverizarea combustibilului, initierea aprinderii si protectia la presiune maxima. 3. Pulverizarea combustibilului, aprinderea si protectia la lipsa apa. 4. Toate protectiile caldarinei.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

635.Dispozitivul auxiliar de actionare a carmei trebuie sa asigure bandarea de la 5 intr-un bord la 5 in celalalt bord in maxim
1. 30 sec 2. 60 sec
j k l m n j k l m n

3. 90 sec 4. 120 sec

j k l m n j k l m n

636.In care din situatiile mentionate, instalatia de protectie si semnalizere MP, declanseaza numai alarma optica si sonora?
1. Presiunea uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a scazut pana la valoarea minima treapta I-a. 2. Temperatura apei de racire a MP a crescut pana la valoarea maxima treapta a-II a. 3. Temperatura uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a crescut pana la valoarea maxima treapta a-II a. 4. Presiunea uleiului de ungere a reductorului a scazut pana la valoarea minima treapta a-II a.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

637.In care situatiile mentionate, unele instalatii de protectie si semnalizere MP, opreste automat motorului principal ?
1. Temperatura uleiului de ungerea motorului principal a ajuns la valoarea maxima , treapta a II a. 2. Temperatura apei de racire a motorului principal a crescut pana la valoarea maxima trepta a II a. 3. Temperatura uleiului de ungere a reductorului a crescut peste limita normala. 4. Presiunea uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a scazut la valoare minima treapta a IIa..
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

638.In care situatiile mentionate, unele instalatii de protectie si semnalizere MP, reduce automat turatia motorului principal ?
1. Temperatura uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a crescut pana la valoarea maxima, treapta a-II-a. 2. Presiunea uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a depasit valoarea maxima. 3. Temperatura uleiului de ungere a motorului principal a crescut pana la valoarea maxima ,treapta I- a. 4. Presiunea uleiului de ungere a reductorului a scazut pana la valoarea minima treapta a Ia.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

639.In regim normal de functionare, comanda de oprire a compresorului instalatiei frigorifice este data direct de :

1. 2. 3. 4.

Releul de presiune minima montat pe conducta de aspiratie spre compresor. Termostatele din compartimentele frigorifice. Programatorul regimului de degivrare. Sistemul de monitorizare al circuitul apei de racire.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

640.La scaderea presiunii uleiului de ungere a motorului principal pana la limita minima treapta I- a, schema de protectie executa:
1. Semnalizarea acustica si optica 2. Reducerea automata a turatiei MP 3. Marirea presiunii pompei de ungere. 4. Oprirea motorului.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

641.Masina carmei trebuie sa asigure bandarea de la 35 dintr-n bord la 30 in celalalt bord in maxim
1. 2. 3. 4. 28 sec 14 sec 21 sec 35 sec
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

642.Motoarele electrice de forta ale unei masini de carma electrohidraulice au obligatoriu


1. 2. 3. 4. doua sisteme de alimentare cu energie electrica un sistem de alimentare cu energie electrica din TPD trei sisteme de alimentare cu energie electrica un sistem de alimentare cu energie electrica din TDA
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

643.Motoarele electrice de forta ale unei masini de carma electrohidraulice au protectii la


1. scurtcircuit si tensiune minima
j k l m n

2. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina si tensiune minima 3. scurtcircuit 4. suprasarcina si tensiune minima

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

644.Pe timpul executarii degivrarii in instalatia frigorifica, schema electrica realizeaza:


1. Blocarea circuitului de aspiratie a compresorului, intreruperea alimentarii termostatelor si intreruperea ventilatiei. 2. Blocarea actiunii protectiei, oprirea compresoarelor si conectarea rezistentelor de incalzire a uleiului 3. Blocarea actiunii protectiei si deconectarea alimentarii compresoarelor si pompei de racire. 4. Intreruperea alimentarii de la reteaua electrica a navei.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

645.Ce se va intampla atunci cand bobina tranei electromagnetice a unui vinci de marfa se va arde?
1. 2. 3. 4. frana va bloca rotorul sub actiunea resoartelor turatia motorului va creste si motorul se va arde sarcina din carligul franei va cadea nu se va intampla nimic; vinciul va continua sa functioneze ca de obicei
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

646.Un semiconductor a carui rezistenta electrica descreste odata cu cresterea temperaturii este cunoscut sub numele de
1. 2. 3. 4. rezistenta termistor dioda termopila
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

647.Care este timpul de functionare recomandat al unui motor electric de actionare a unui vinci ancora, pe trapta a I-a?
1. 10 min
j k l m n

2. 20 min 3. 30 min 4. 40 min

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

648.Care sunt protectiile specifice ale vinciului de ancora actionat electric


1. 2. 3. 4. scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, tensiune minima, stop de avarie, supratemperatura scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, tensiune minima, lipsa operator, stop de avarie, scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, lipsa operator, stop de avarie, scurtcircuit, suprasarcina, tensiune minima, lipsa operator,
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

649.Cum se poate realizata ventilatia unui motor electric in CAT , care actioneaza un mecanism de punte ?
1. 2. 3. 4. racire cu apa opriri dupa un anumit timp de functionare dupa temperatura cu ventola cuplata la axul motorului
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

650.Cum se realizeaza inversarea sensului de rotatie la un motor electric trifazat ?


1. 2. 3. 4. schimbarea a doua faze intre ele. schimbarea tutror fazelor intre ele. schimbarea uneia dintre faze. schimberea sensului de antrenare.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

651.Cum se prefera a se realizeaza protectia la suprasarcina a unui motor electric ce actioneaza un vinci de ancora ?
1. 2. 3. 4. prin sigurante fuzibile prin sesizori de temperatura introdusi intre infasurarile motorului prin relee de tensiune prin convectoare
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

652.Cum sunt notate, in unele standarde, capetele de inceput ale infasurarilor unui motor electric de c.a. (in cutia de borne) ?
1. 2. 3. 4. A,B,C (1,2,3) U,V,W (1,2,3) R,S,T (1,2,3) X,Y,Z (1,2,3)
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

653.Frana electromagnetica a unui vinci electric de marfa functioneaza


1. 2. 3. 4. ca frana de rezerva in cazul avarierii franei mecanice manuale automat, blocand sarcina in caz de disparitie a tensiunii de alimentare a electomotorului regland automat viteza de coborare a sarcinii regland automat viteza de ridicare a sarcinii
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

654.Franarea electromotorului de C.A.T. de actionare a vinciurilor de ancora este realizata prin :


1. 2. 3. 4. frana dinamica frana electromagnetica frana electronica contracurent.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

655.In actionarea electrica a vinciului de ancora avem posibilitatea deblocarii manuale progresive a franei electromagnetice Cand folosim scest dispozitiv ?
1. 2. 3. 4. cand se deterioreaza bobina franei electromagnetice cand dorim sa evitam functionarea in contracurent cand dorim sa lansam progresiv ancora cand decuplam motorul electric de reductor
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

656.In actionarea electrica a vinciului de ancora exista posibilitatea anularii imediate a protectiei la suprasarcina. Cum se realizeaza acest luctru?

1. 2. 3. 4.

nu este permisa o astfel de optiune in statia magnetica, prin realizarea unei punti peste releul de protectie in statia magnetica, printr-un buton pe releul de protectie la suprasarcina pe controler, printr-un buton cu revenire

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

657.In actionarea electrica a vinciului de ancora se prefera in actionarea franei electromagnetice


1. o bobina toroidala alimentata in CC 2. un sistem de bobine conectate in stea si alimentata in CAT 3. o bobina toroidala alimentata in CA 4. un sistem de bobine alimentate serie-paralel si alimentate in CA
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

658.In cazul actionarii electrice a vinciului de ancora pentru a preveni functionarea in contracurent (virare cu ancora "la pic")
1. 2. 3. 4. se blocheaza frana barbotinei se blocheaza ancora pana dupa pornirea mororului se temporizeaza actionarea franei electromagnetice se actioneaza manual frana electromagnetica corelat cu pornirea motorului
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

659.In cazul aparitiei unei suprasarcini pe trapta a treia a actionarii unui vinci de ancora cu un motor asincron in trei trepte, cu rotorul in scurtcircuit
1. 2. 3. 4. motorul electric trece pe o turatie inferioara de putere sporita motorul electric se opreste este actionata frana electromagnetica motorul electric este dimensionat sa suporte aceasta suprasarcina
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

660.In cazul unei actionari a vinciului de ancora cu un motor asincron in trei trepte, cu rotorul in scurtcircuit, se prefera pentru primele doua trepte o infasurare triundgidubla stea De ce?

1. pentru a putea trece de la un regim de turatie la altul fara socuri de curent asupra centralei m n j k l 2. pentru a putea trece de la un regim de turatie la altul fara a modifica curentul j k l m n 3. pentru a putea trece de la un regim de turatie la altul fara a modifica cuplul j k l m n electromagnetic 4. pentru a putea trece de la un regim de turatie la altul fara socuri mecanice j k l m n

661.In cazul unei actionari a vinciului de ancora cu un motor asincron in trepte, cu rotorul in scurtcircuit, frana electromagnetica
1. 2. 3. 4. blocheaza barbotina blocheaza rotorul motorului decupleaza barbotina de reductorul vinciului decupleaza motorul de reductorul vinciului
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

662.In cazul unei actionari a vinciului de ancora cu un motor asincron in trepte, cu rotorul in scurtcircuit, sunt preferate infasurari
1. 2. 3. 4. stea-triunghi triunghi stea triunghi-dubla stea
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

663.In conectarea la alimentare a bobinei franei electromagnetice a unei actionari electrice a vinciului de ancora,
1. 2. 3. 4. se prefera folosirea unui contactor cu suflaj magnetic al arcului electric se prefera folosirea unui contactor cu suflaj al arcului electric in mediu lichid se prefera folosire unui automat cu mare putere de rupere se prefera folosirea folosirea unui contactor cu suflaj al arcului electric in aer
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

664.Instalatia de detectare a incendiului prin prezenta fumului se bazeaza pe :


1. Temperatura fumului 2. Continutul chimic al fumului
j k l m n j k l m n

3. Cantitatea de fum 4. Opacitatea fumului

j k l m n j k l m n

665.Intrerupatorul automat din TPD de alimentare a actionarii vinciului de ancora contine protectii la
1. 2. 3. 4. scurtcircuit si lipsa tensiune scurtcircuit nu are protectie scurtcircuit si suprasarcina
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

666.O caracteristica ce apare pe placa de timbru a unui motor de curent alternativ este
1. 2. 3. 4. tipul bobinajului alunecarea nominala temperatura nominala cuplul rotoric nominal
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

667.Oprirea in caz de urgenta a electromotorului de actionare a unui grui barca salvare se face prin :
1. 2. 3. 4. Siguranta fuzibila. Releu termic. Limitator de capat. Intrerupator de avarie.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

668.Oprirea instalatii de guvernare in cazul unei suprasarcini la electromotorul de actionare se face prin:
1. Sigurante fuzibile. 2. Releu termic. 3. Releu de curent. 4. Nu se face.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

669.Cum se prefera a se realiza pornirea ventilatoarelor pentru magaziile de marfa?


1. prin pornire directa. 2. prin pornire cu autotransformator. 3. prin pornirea stea-triunghi. 4. prin variator de frecventa
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

670.Protectia la lipsa-tensiune sau lipsa-operator este realizata la instalatiile de ridicat prin ?


1. 2. 3. 4. interblocaj la pornire cu buton de oprire sigurante fuzibile relee termice
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

671.Protectia la suprasarcina pentru actionarile electrice ale vinciurilor de ancora se prefera a fi executate cu
1. 2. 3. 4. relee de tensiune relee de curent termocuple termocontacte
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

672.Rolul controlerului la o instalatie de punte este :


1. 2. 3. 4. Variatia tensiunii electromotorului de actionare. Mentinerea constanta a turatiei. Franarea electromotorului Comutarea treptelor de viteza.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

673.Semnalizarea automata de incendiu a fost conceputa pentru a detecta automat, la timp :

1. 2. 3. 4.

Locul unde exisat incendiu. Cauza incendiului. Metoda de stingere a incendiului. Proportia incendiului.

j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

674.In cazul unei actionari a vinciului de ancora cu un motor asincron in trei trepte, cu rotorul in scurtcircuit, treapta (terptele) de lucru sunt considerate a fi :
1. 2. 3. 4. I + III II + III I + II III
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

675.Umiditatea, ca rezultata al condensarii, poate fii redusa, in interiorul unui controler al unui vinci de marfa prin
1. 2. 3. 4. montarea unui bec cu incandescenta in interiorul acestuia etansarea controlerului cu siliconi sau rasini epox ventilarea regulata a spatiului interior rezistente de incalzire montate in interior
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

676.Un generator fara perii este destinat a functiona fara


1. 2. 3. 4. perii inele colectoare port-perii toate cele nominate
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

677.Un indicator electric tahometric primeste semnalul de viteza al unui motor termic de la
1. un mic generator montat pe motorul termic 2. un dispozitiv bimetalic montat pe motorul termic
j k l m n j k l m n

3. un sensor stroboscopic montat pe motorul termic 4. un dispozitiv cu relee "reed" montat pe motorul termic

j k l m n j k l m n

678.Un motor electric de mica putere poate fi pornit cu un pornitor


1. 2. 3. 4. cu compensator cu autotransformator direct cu rezistente pe linie
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

679.Un shunt ampermetric este conectat in


1. 2. 3. 4. serie cu sarcina si in paralel cu aparatul de masura in paralel cu sarcina si in serie cu aparatul de masura in paralel cu sarcina si in paralel cu aparatul de masura in serie cu sarcina si in serie cu aparatul de masura
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

680.Unde este amplasat intrerupatorul de de urgenta al unui grup barca salvare ?


1. 2. 3. 4. Pe punte. In tabloul de alimentare. Pe electromotorul de actionare. langa butonul de actionare.
j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n j k l m n

1. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 2. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 3. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 4. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 5. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 6. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

7. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 8. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 9. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 10. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 11. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 12. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 13. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 14. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 15. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 16. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 17. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 18. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 19. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 20. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 21. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 22. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 23. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 24. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 25. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 26. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 27. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 28. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 29. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

30. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 31. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 32. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 33. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 34. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 35. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 36. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 37. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 38. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 39. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 40. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 41. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 42. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 43. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 44. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 45. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 46. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 47. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 48. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 49. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 50. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 51. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 52. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m

53. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 54. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 55. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 56. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 57. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 58. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 59. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 60. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 61. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 62. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 63. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 64. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 65. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 66. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 67. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 68. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 69. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 70. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 71. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 72. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 73. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 74. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 75. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

76. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 77. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 78. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 79. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 80. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 81. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 82. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 83. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 84. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 85. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 86. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 87. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 88. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 89. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 90. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 91. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 92. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 93. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 94. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 95. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 96. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 97. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 98. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

99. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 100. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 101. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 102. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 103. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 104. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 105. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 106. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 107. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 108. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 109. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 110. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 111. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 112. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 113. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 114. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 115. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 116. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 117. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 118. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 119. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 120. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 121. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

122. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 123. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 124. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 125. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 126. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 127. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 128. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 129. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 130. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 131. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 132. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 133. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 134. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 135. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 136. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 137. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 138. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 139. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 140. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 141. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 142. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 143. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 144. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

145. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 146. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 147. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 148. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 149. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 150. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 151. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 152. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 153. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 154. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 155. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 156. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 157. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 158. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 159. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 160. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 161. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 162. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 163. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 164. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 165. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 166. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 167. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

168. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 169. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 170. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 171. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 172. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 173. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 174. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 175. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 176. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 177. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 178. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 179. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 180. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 181. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 182. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 183. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 184. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 185. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 186. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 187. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 188. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 189. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 190. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m

191. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 192. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 193. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 194. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 195. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 196. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 197. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 198. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 199. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 200. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 201. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 202. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 203. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 204. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 205. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 206. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 207. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 208. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 209. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 210. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 211. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 212. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 213. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

214. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 215. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 216. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 217. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 218. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 219. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 220. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 221. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 222. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 223. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 224. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 225. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 226. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 227. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 228. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 229. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 230. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 231. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 232. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 233. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 234. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 235. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 236. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

237. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 238. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 239. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 240. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 241. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 242. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 243. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 244. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 245. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 246. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 247. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 248. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 249. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 250. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 251. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 252. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 253. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 254. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 255. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 256. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 257. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 258. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 259. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

260. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 261. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 262. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 263. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 264. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 265. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 266. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 267. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 268. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 269. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 270. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 271. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 272. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 273. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 274. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 275. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 276. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 277. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 278. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 279. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 280. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 281. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 282. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

283. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 284. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 285. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 286. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 287. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 288. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 289. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 290. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 291. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 292. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 293. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 294. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 295. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 296. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 297. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 298. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 299. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 300. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 301. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 302. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 303. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 304. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 305. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m

306. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 307. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 308. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 309. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 310. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 311. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 312. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 313. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 314. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 315. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 316. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 317. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 318. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 319. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 320. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 321. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 322. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 323. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 324. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 325. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 326. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 327. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 328. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

329. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 330. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 331. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 332. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 333. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 334. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 335. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 336. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 337. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 338. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 339. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 340. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 341. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 342. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 343. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 344. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 345. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 346. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 347. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 348. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 349. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 350. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 351. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

352. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 353. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 354. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 355. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 356. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 357. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 358. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 359. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 360. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 361. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 362. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 363. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 364. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 365. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 366. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 367. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 368. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 369. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 370. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 371. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 372. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 373. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 374. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

375. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 376. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 377. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 378. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 379. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 380. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 381. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 382. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 383. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 384. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 385. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 386. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 387. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 388. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 389. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 390. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 391. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 392. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 393. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 394. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 395. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 396. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 397. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

398. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 399. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 400. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 401. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 402. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 403. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 404. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 405. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 406. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 407. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 408. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 409. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 410. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 411. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 412. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 413. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 414. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 415. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 416. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 417. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 418. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 419. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 420. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

421. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 422. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 423. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 424. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 425. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 426. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 427. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 428. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 429. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 430. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 431. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 432. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 433. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 434. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 435. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 436. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 437. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 438. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 439. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 440. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 441. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 442. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 443. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

444. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 445. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 446. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 447. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 448. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 449. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 450. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 451. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 452. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 453. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 454. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 455. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 456. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 457. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 458. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 459. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 460. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 461. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 462. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 463. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 464. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 465. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 466. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m

467. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 468. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 469. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 470. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 471. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 472. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 473. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 474. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 475. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 476. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 477. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 478. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 479. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 480. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 481. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 482. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 483. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 484. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 485. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 486. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 487. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 488. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 489. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

490. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 491. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 492. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 493. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 494. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 495. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 496. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 497. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 498. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 499. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 500. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 501. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 502. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 503. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 504. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 505. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 506. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 507. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 508. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 509. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 510. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 511. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 512. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

513. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 514. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 515. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 516. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 517. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 518. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 519. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 520. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 521. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 522. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 523. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 524. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 525. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 526. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 527. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 528. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 529. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 530. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 531. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 532. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 533. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 534. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 535. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

536. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 537. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 538. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 539. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 540. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 541. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 542. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 543. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 544. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 545. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 546. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 547. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 548. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 549. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 550. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 551. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 552. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 553. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 554. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 555. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 556. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 557. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 558. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

559. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 560. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 561. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 562. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 563. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 564. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 565. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 566. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 567. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 568. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 569. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 570. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 571. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 572. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 573. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 574. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 575. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 576. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 577. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 578. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 579. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 580. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 581. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

582. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 583. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 584. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 585. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 586. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 587. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 588. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 589. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 590. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 591. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 592. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 593. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 594. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 595. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 596. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 597. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 598. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 599. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 600. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 601. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 602. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 603. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 604. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m

605. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 606. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 607. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 608. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 609. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 610. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 611. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 612. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 613. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 614. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 615. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 616. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 617. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 618. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 619. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 620. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 621. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 622. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 623. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 624. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 625. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 626. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 627. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

628. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 629. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 630. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 631. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 632. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 633. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 634. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 635. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 636. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 637. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 638. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 639. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 640. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 641. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 642. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 643. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 644. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 645. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 646. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 647. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 648. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 649. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 650. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

651. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 652. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 653. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 654. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 655. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 656. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 657. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 658. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 659. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 660. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 661. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 662. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 663. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 664. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 665. 1. n j 2. n k l m i 3. n j k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 666. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 667. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 668. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 669. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 670. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 671. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 672. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 673. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m

674. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 675. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 676. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m 677. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 678. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m i 4. n j k l m j k l m 679. 1. n i 2. n j k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m j k l m 680. 1. n j 2. n k l m j 3. n k l m j 4. n k l m i j k l m