SULIT

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TINGKATAN:

TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS
UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

1 Which of the following is true about the
meaning of relative atomic mass?
Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang maksud jisim atom relatif?

4

9 g glukosa, C6H12O6 of atoms in Sample Number sample Sampel Bilangan atom dalam sampel

A The average mass of one atom of the 1 12 element when compared with of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A B C

2 × 1023 atoms
2 × 1023 atom

6 × 1023 atoms
6 × 1023 atom

1 12

B 32 C 40 D 64 8 The relative formula mass of a hydrated copper (II) sulphate is 250 with a formula of CuSO4.nH2O. Calculate the value of n. [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]
Jisim formula relatif bagi kuprum (II) sulfat terhidrat ialah 250 dengan formula CuSO4.nH2O. Kira nilai n. [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]

kali

4 × 1023 atoms
4 × 10 atom
23

B The average mass of one molecule of the substance when compared with 1 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu molekul bagi bahan itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A 2 B 4
Table 1 Jadual 1

C 5 D 8

1 12

kali

C The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan 12 kali jisim satu atom karbon-12.

Table 1 shows the number of atoms contained in three samples of iron A, B and C. Which of the following shows the correct sequence of samples in an descending order of number of moles of atoms?
Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan atom yang terdapat dalam tiga sampel, ferum A, B dan C. Antara yang berikut, manakah menunjukkan urutan menurun yang betul bagi bilangan mol atom dalam sampelsampel tersebut?

9 What is the mass of 2.4 × 1021 molecules of CO3? [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol– 1 ]
Berapakah jisim bagi 2.4 × 1021 molekul CO3? [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

A 0.02 g B 0.01 g

C 0.11 g D 0.24 g

D The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with the mass of a hydrogen-1 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom hidrogen-1.

A B C D

A, C, B B, C, A A, B, C C, A, B

2 How many times does one atom of sulphur heavier than one atom of helium? [Relative atomic mass: He, 4; S, 32]
Berapa kalikah satu atom sulfur lebih berat daripada satu atom helium? [Jisim atom relatif: He, 4; S, 32]

5 Calculate the number of molecules in 0.2 mole of ethene, C2H4. [Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1 ]
Hitungkan bilangan molekul dalam 0.2 mol etena, C2H4. [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

10 3 g of element X react with 7.5 g of element Y to form a compound with the empirical formula of X2Y3. What is the relative atomic mass of Y? [Relative atomic mass: X, 60]
3 g unsur X bertindak balas dengan 7.5 g unsur Y untuk menghasilkan satu sebatian yang mempunyai formula empirik X 2Y3. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi Y? [Jisim atom relatif: X, 60]

A 0.2 × 1023 molecules
0.2 × 1023 molekul

A 25 B 40

C 50
D 100

A B

C 4 D 8

B 1.2 × 1023 molecules
1.2 × 1023 molekul

C 2.4 × 10 molecules
2.4 × 1023 molekul

23

3 Which of the following has the same number of particles as in 2.8 g of iron? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol– 1 ]
Antara yang berikut, manakah mempunyai bilangan zarah yang sama dengan dalam 2.8 g ferum? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

D 6.0 × 1023 molecules
6.0 × 1023 molekul

11 Calculate the volume of distilled water needed to mix with 11.7 g of sodium chloride to get a solution of 1.7 mol dm–3 sodium chloride. [Relative atomic mass: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]
Hitungkan isi padu air suling yang diperlukan untuk bercampur dengan 11.7 g natrium klorida supaya menghasilkan larutan 1.7 mol dm–3 natrium klorida. [Jisim atom relatif: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]

6 What is the mass of 1 mole of hydrogen
gas? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1]
Berapakah jisim bagi 1 mol gas hidrogen? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1]

A 1 B 2

C 4 D 6

A 0.032 g of copper
0.032 g kuprum

B 3 × 1021 of calcium particles
3 × 1021 zarah kalsium

7 The relative molecular mass of a metal sulphate, XSO4 is 136. What is the relative atomic mass of metal X? [Relative atomic mass: O, 16; S, 32]
Jisim molekul relatif bagi satu logam sulfat, XSO4 ialah 136. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi logam X?

A B C D

120 cm3

300 cm3 3000 cm3 6000 cm3

12 A concentration of 0.75 mol dm–3 of

C 0.05 mole of oxygen
0.05 mol oksigen

D 9 g glucose, C6H12O6
© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P)

A 23
12

sulphuric acid is used as an electrolyte in a car battery. What is the volume of electrolyte of 0.18 mole of sulphuric acid?
SULIT

[Jisim atom relatif: Cu.6 g of oxygen to form X oxide. (690640-P) I They have same volume at room temperature.11 B 0. A 12 B 24 14 C 36 D 48 18 20 cm3 nitrogen gas and 60 cm3 of hydrogen gas react completely to form ammonia gas at room temperature.8% of iodide.5 g D 80. I.75 mol dm– 3 digunakan sebagai elekrolit dalam bateri kereta.18 mol asid sulfurik? A 240 C 488 cm B 333 cm3 D 560 cm3 13 Calculate the mass of carbon contained in 375 g of zinc carbonate. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi X? A O2 B CO2 C H2 D N2 20 Which of the following statement is true A 2. 65] cm3 3 0.t.3 mole of X combined with 9. of moles of No. II dan IV sahaja D I. III and IV only II. where X is an element. 14. di mana X ialah satu unsur.] Persamaan di atas menunjukkan penguraian logam P apabila dipanaskan. II. [Jisim atom relatif: C. 16] B II and IV only II dan IV sahaja C I. Bhd. Hitungkan nilai x.0 C 10.52 III The mass of calcium is 40 g and the mass of bromine is 160 g. 16. The equation above shows the decomposition of metal P when it is heated. N. 1.t.5 B 5. manakah tidak benar? Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Diagram 1 shows a syringe containing x g of carbon dioxide gas at room temperature.4 g. 1. II and III only I. N. 16. II dan III sahaja D II. ZnCO3.8 g 22 16 0. Antara pernyataan yang berikut. 16. [Jisim atom relatif: C. 14. Jisim kalsium ialah 40 g dan jisim bromin ialah 160 g. O. 4 mol kalsium mempunyai jisim yang sama dengan 2 mol gas bromin. of moles of nitrogen hydrogen Bilangan mol nitrogen Bilangan mol hidrogen I 2 atoms of calcium have same atomic mass as 1 molecule of bromine gas. Antara langkah pengiraan yang berikut. Berapakah isi padu elektrolit bagi 0.14 mole of an unknown gas X2 has a mass of 1. 12. N. O. molar volume = 24 dm3 mol–1 at room temperature] Rajah 1 menunjukkan picagari yang mengandungi x g gas karbon dioksida pada suhu bilik. II. 15 A compound X contains 19. [Relative atomic mass: C. 127] IV 4 moles of calcium have same mass as 2 moles of bromine gas.2 g C 48. 16] Antara gas-gas yang berikut. molar volume: 24 dm3 mol–1 at room temperature] 20 cm gas nitrogen dan 60 cm gas hidrogen bertindak balas dengan lengkap untuk menghasilkan gas ammonia pada suhu bilik. manakah mewakili formula empirik bagi gas ammonia itu? [Jisim atom relatif: H. Merupakan alkohol. O. What is the relative atomic mass of X? 0. 1.44 D 0.0 about one mole of oxygen gas and one mole of ethane gas? Antara pernyataan yang berikut. 127] Sebatian X mengandungi 19. Apakah formula empirik bagi X oksida? [Jisim atom relatif: O. A X2O B XO2 C X2O3 D X3O2 IV They have same relative atomic mass. Which of the following statements are not true? Jisim atom relatif bagi kalsium dan bromin masing-masing ialah 40 dan 80. Zn. 16] © Navision (M) Sdn. ZnCO3. manakah mempunyai ketumpatan yang paling rendah pada suhu bilik? [Jisim atom relatif: H. What is the empirical formula for X oxide? [Relative atomic mass: O. Hitungkan jisim karbonat bagi logam P yang digunakan untuk SULIT 13 . Calculate the mass of carbonate of metal P which is used to produce 336cm3 of carbon dioxide gas at s. III They are alcohol. 14.2% kuprum dan 80. Calculate the value of x. 16. [Relative atomic mass: C. Which of the following calculation steps represents the empirical formula for this ammonia gas? [Relative atomic mass: H. 12. 12. 12. A B C D II 2 g of calcium have same number of atoms as 1 g of bromine gas. 14.3 mol X bergabung dengan 9. II and IV only I. 12. 64. 16. Find the mass of copper if the mass of the compound X is 60 g. 16] II They have same number of atoms. III dan IV sahaja 21 Relative atomic mass of calcium and bromine are 40 and 80 respectively. [Relative atomic mass: Cu. Mempunyai jisim atom relatif yang sama. I.4 g. isi padu molar: 24 dm3 mol–1 pada suhu bilik] 3 3 A I only I sahaja B I and II only I dan II sahaja C I. 64.2% of copper and 80.6 g oksigen untuk menghasil X oksida. Zn. O.p. C. 2 g kalsium mempunyai bilangan atom yang sama dengan 1 g gas bromin. 65] Hitung jisim karbon yang terkandung dalam 375 g zink karbonat. Cari jisim kuprum jika jisim sebatian X ialah 60 g. Mempunyai bilangan atom yang sama. III and IV I.5 g B 19. A I and II only I dan II sahaja 19 Which of the following gases has the lowest density at room temperature? [Relative atomic mass: H.14 mol gas X2 mempunyai jisim 1. [Relative atomic mass: C. III dan IV A 11. O. 12.33 C 0.4 dm3 mol–1 at s. Mempunyai isi padu yang sama pada suhu bilik. A 0. manakah benar tentang satu mol gas oksigen dan satu mol gas etana? 17 0. 64. P. 2 atom kalsium mempunyai jisim yang sama dengan satu molekul gas bromin. N. 1. O. molar volume: 22. O.0 D 15. C.8% iodida. 12. isi padu molar = 24 dm3 mol–1 pada suhu bilik] No.p.SULIT Lekat logo ______________ sekolah di sini NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 Asid sulfurik yang berkepekatan 0.

2H2O C3H7COOH K2Cr2O7 244 185 81 292 A I and II only I dan II sahaja B Na2S2O3.22 dm3 of gas oksigen III 6.22 dm3 of oxygen gas 0. Bhd. Cl. 64.t.: 22. According to the equation above.] A XO B X2O 26 C X2O3 D X3O2 A 0. Calculate the mass of aluminium oxide when 108 g of aluminium is extracted from the reaction.82 g D 6.4 dm3 mol–1] Diagram 2 shows the set-up of the apparatus to determine the empirical formula of a copper (II) oxide.22 g 2H2O2 (aq) → 2H2O (l) + O2 (g) 2H2O2 (ak) → 2H2O (ce) + O2 (g) Diagram 2 Rajah 2 CaCO3 → CaO + CO2 Calcium carbonate decomposes when it is heated. manakah akan dihasilkan apabila 0.p. Cl.t. II dan III sahaja 14 SULIT . C. 1.? [Isi padu molar pada s.2 × 1020 of water molecules 1. 12. 32.02 × 1021 molekul gas oksigen 30 2Al2O3 → 4Al + 3O2 The equation above shows the reaction of the extraction of aluminium from aluminium oxide. [Jisim atom relatif: O. manakah sesuai diguna dalam Rajah 2? A Hydrogen gas Gas hidrogen Ca. H2O2. Berdasarkan persamaan di atas. 23. 16. Antara yang berikut. 52. Al. 12. manakah dipadankan dengan jisim molekul relatif yang betul? [Jisim atom relatif: H. 1.4 dm3 mol–1] Persamaan di atas menunjukkan penguraian hidrogen peroksida.96 27 16 II The using of oxide of lead Penggunaan oksida plumbum Substance Bahan Relative molecular mass Jisim molekul relatif III Fixing of the combustion tube Pemasangan tabung pembakaran IV Position of the thistle funnel Kedudukan corong tisel Table 2 shows the mass and the relative atomic mass of the element X and O. 40] B Oxygen gas Gas oksigen C Carbon dioxide gas Gas karbon dioksida I 0.2 × 1020 molekul air A I and II only I dan II sahaja I dan IV sahaja C II and III only II dan III sahaja III dan IV sahaja B I and IV only D III and IV only 27 The formula of the sulphate salt of X is XSO4. K. Which of the following gas is suitable to be used in the Diagram 2? Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik kuprum (II) oksida. Hitungkan jisim aluminium oksida yang digunakan apabila 108 g aluminium diekstrak daripada tindak balas itu. Apakah formula bagi garam nitrat X? Diagram 3 Rajah 3 A 102 g B 180 g 25 C 204 g D 306 g C X(NO3)2 A XNO3 D X2(NO3)2 B X2NO3 28 Which of the substances below is matched with the correct relative molecular mass? [Relative atomic mass: H.01 mole of water 0.p. O. 137] Diagram 3 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the empirical formula of an oxide of lead. 16. O. Cr. II and III only I. P.08 0.01 mol air D Nitrogen gas Gas nitrogen A 0. 39. Al. what is the mass of calcium oxide formed when 10 g of calcium carbonate is burnt completely? [Relative atomic mass: C.t. 23.16. berapakah jisim kalsium oksida yang dihasilkan apabila 10 g kalsium karbonat dibakar selengkapnya? [Jisim atom relatif: C. O. Ba.02 mole of hydrogen peroxide is decomposed completely at s. The equation above shows the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.86 g 23 C 4. 32. 39. 16. 52. O. 35. 12. 27] IV 1. Antara gas yang berikut. 16. K. 16. (690640-P) A C D 29 BaCl2. 40] Kalsium karbonat terurai apabila dipanaskan. What is the empirical formula for this oxide? Jadual 2 menunjukkan jisim dan jisim atom relatif bagi unsur X dan O.0 g II 0. [Relative atomic mass: O. isi padu molar: 22. Which of the following amount of substances are produced when 0.p. 35. S.t.02 g B 1.02 × 1021 of oxygen gas molecule 6.t. 137] Antara bahan di bawah.SULIT Lekat logo ______________ sekolah di sini NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 menghasilkan 336cm3 gas karbon dioksida pada s. 16. What is the formula of the nitrate salt of X? Formula bagi sulfat garam X ialah XSO 4. Apakah formula empirik bagi oxida itu? © Navision (M) Sdn.6 g 24 C 5.4 g B 0.4 dm3 mol–1 pada s. 12. 27] Persamaan di atas menunjukkan tindak balas pengekstrakan aluminium daripada aluminium oksida. Ca.5.5H2O B II and III only II dan III sahaja C III and IV only III dan IV sahaja D I.p. Ba.p. Na. H2O2. 12. O. Which of the following are correct in the set-up of apparatus for this experiment? Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi suatu oksida plumbum.5. S.? [Molar volume at s. manakah betul tentang susunan radas eksperimen itu? Element Unsur X O I No Bunsen burner Tiada penunu Bunsen Mass/g Jisim/g Relative atomic mass Jisim atom relatif Table 2 Jadual 2 1. Antara jumlah bahan yang berikut.02 mol hidrogen peroksida diurai selengkapnya pada s.6 g D 8. C. [Jisim atom relatif: C.t.: 22.p. Cr. Na.

6 g (f) What is the precaution needed in this experiment? Apakah langkah berjaga-jaga yang diperlukan dalam eksperimen itu? ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium oxide Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + magnesium oksida 2 (a) (i) What is meant by relative atomic mass based on the carbon-12 scale? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim atom relatif berdasarkan skala karbon-12? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (a) What is meant by empirical formula? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula empirik? ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (b) State the purpose of cleaning the magnesium ribbon with sand paper. ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] © Navision (M) Sdn. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk menentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida. Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas dalam eksperimen itu.2 g = 27. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] (ii) determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide. Berdasarkan keputusan di atas. Nyatakan tujuan membersihkan pita magnesium dengan kertas pasir. (i) calculate the mass of magnesium used and the mass of oxygen that has reacted with the magnesium. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] Result Keputusan Mass of crucible + lid Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup = 26. ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium ribbons Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + pita magnesium = 27. tentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida. hitungkan jisim magnesium yang digunakan dan jisim oksigen yang telah bertindak balas dengan magnesium.6 g (e) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in this experiment. Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Diagram 1 shows the set-up of apparatus for an experiment to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide.SULIT Lekat logo ______________ sekolah di sini NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 PAPER 2 KERTAS 2 Section A Bahagian A 1 (c) Why should the crucible lid be opened once in a while during the experiment? Mengapakah penutup mangkuk pijar dibuka sekali-sekala semasa eksperimen? ________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] (d) Based on the results above. (690640-P) 15 (ii) What is meant by relative molecular mass based on the carbon-12 scale? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim molekul relatif berdasarkan skala karbon-12? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] SULIT . Bhd.

How many moles of zinc are there in this sample? [Avogadro constant: 6 × 1023 mol–1] Satu sample zink mengandungi 3 × 1022 atom zink. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (iv) State the molar mass of vitamin C. Hitungkan peratus jisim oksigen dalam satu molekul vitamin C. Hitungkan jisim bagi 0. Hitungkan isi padu karbon dioksida yang dibebaskan pada s. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Calculate the mass of 0. Hitungkan bilangan mol bagi 2.02 mole of hydrocarbon. [4 marks / 4 markah] (b) (i) State the meaning of ‘molar volume’ of a gas by using suitable example. Section B 4 (a) State the meaning of ‘molar mass’ of a substance by using two suitable examples. Rajah 3 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi vitamin C. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] Rajah 2 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi aspirin.02 mole of a hydrocarbon was completely burnt in air and 2. Nyatakan satu sebab mengapa karbon-12 dipilih sebagai atom piawai.05 mole aspirin. Nyatakan maksud ‘isi padu molar’ bagi satu gas dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai.02 mol hidrokarbon. [3 marks / 3 markah] Bahagian B (ii) What is the molar volume of gas at s.t.p.5 mole of hydrogen gas at room condition and standard temperature and pressure.4 dm 3 of carbon dioxide. Find the molecular formula of X.05 mol aspirin. Bandingkan formula molekul dan formula empirik bagi vitamin C. Diagram 3 Rajah 3 Diagram 3 shows the structural formula of vitamin C.4 dm3 karbon dioksida dibebaskan pada suhu dan tekanan piawai. Takrifkan pemalar Avogadro. Nyatakan maksud ‘jisim molar’ bagi satu bahan dengan menggunakan dua contoh yang sesuai.SULIT Lekat logo ______________ sekolah di sini NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 (iii) State one reason why carbon-12 was chosen as the standard atom.p. _________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] (ii) A sample of zinc contains of 3 × 1022 zinc atoms.4 dm karbon dioksida. from one mole of hydrocarbon. SULIT .t. (i) What is the molecular formula of vitamin C? Apakah formula molekul vitamin C? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (i) Calculate the number of molecules in 0. [3 marks / 3 markah] © Navision (M) Sdn. 0. Hitungkan bilangan molekul yang terkandung dalam 0. daripada satu mol hidrokarbon.4 dm3 of carbon dioxide was released at standard temperature and pressure. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] 3 (c) Given that the empirical formula of X is CH2O and its relative molecular mass is 60.p.t. __________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (b) (i) Define Avogadro’s constant. and room condition? Calculate the volume of 0. (690640-P) 16 (iii) Explain why is the molar volume of gas different in these two conditions. dan keadaan bilik? Hitungkan isi padu 0. Bhd.p. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] (iii) Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide released at s.02 mol hidrokarbon dibakar selengkapnya dalam udara dan 2. Berapakah isi padu molar gas pada s.5 mol gas hidrogen pada keadaan bilik dan suhu dan tekanan piawai. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) What is the empirical formula of vitamin C? Apakah formula empirik vitamin C? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Calculate the number of moles of 2.t. Nyatakan jisim molar bagi vitamin C. Tuliskan formula molekul bagi aspirin. Cari formula molekul X. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] (v) Calculate the percentage of oxygen by mass in a molecule of vitamin C. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] 3 (iii) Compare the molecular formula and empirical formula of vitamin C. Diagram 2 Rajah 2 Diberi formula empirik X ialah CH2O dan jisim molekul relatifnya ialah 60. (a) (i) Write down the molecular formula of aspirin. ________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] Diagram 2 shows the structural formula of aspirin. Berapa mol bagi zink yang terdapat dalam sampel itu? [Pemalar Avogadro: 6 × 1023 mol–1] ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah] (b) (c) 0.

SULIT Lekat logo ______________ sekolah di sini NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 Jelaskan mengapa isi padu molar gas berbeza dalam keduadua keadaan ini. [2 marks / 2 markah] (ii) Deduce the formula of gas Y. the (c) A hydrocarbon compound. Bhd. Namakan gas Y. Satu sampel oksida kromium hijau diberi. [2 marks / 2 markah] © Navision (M) Sdn. Dengan bantuan rajah yang berlabel. Hitungkan formula molekul sebatian X dengan menggunakan jawapan anda dalam (c)(i). [3 marks / 3 markah] Section C 5 (a) (i) Explain what is meant by ‘empirical formula of a compound’. X mengandungi 86% karbon dan 14% hidrogen. describe a laboratory experiment to determine the empirical formula for oxides of chromium. Jelaskan apakah yang dimaksudkan ‘formula empirik bagi satu sebatian’. NH3. tabulation of results. [1 mark / 1 markah] Bahagian C (ii) Write down the empirical formula for vitamin C. Jika formula gas X ialah C nH12. X contains 86% of carbon and 14% of hydrogen. Name the gas Y. Tuliskan formula empirik bagi vitamin C. what is the value of n? Name the gas X. [2 marks / 2 markah] (iii) Draw one of the structural formula of the compound X and name it. Satu sebatian hidrokarbon. Eksperimen anda hendaklah mengandungi pemerhatian. Mentaabirkan formula gas Y. Given that the relative molecular mass of the compound X is 70. pengiraan dan semua langkah-langkah berjaga yang perlu diambil. jika jisim molekul relatif gas Y ialah 42. penjadualan keputusan. Diberi jisim molekul relatif sebatian X ialah 70. Nyatakan sebab mengapa formula empirik oksida kromium tidak boleh ditentu dengan pemanasan pepejal oksida dengan serbuk magnesium. C6H8O6 and ammonia gas. calculations and all precautions and safety taken. if the relative molecular mass of gas Y is 42. [3 marks / 3 markah] (c) Given that the relative molecular mass of gas X is 72. C6H8O6 dan gas ammonia. With the aid of a labelled diagram. huraikan satu eksperimen di makmal untuk menentukan formula empirik oksida kromium. Gas X and gas Y are hydrocarbons. [2 marks / 2 markah] (ii) Calculate the molecular formula of compound x by using your answer in (c)(i). (i) If the formula of gas X is CnH12. Your experiment should also include observations. [2 marks / 2 markah] (b) (i) A sample of green oxide of chromium is given. Lukis dan namakan satu formula struktur sebatian X. [2 marks / 2 markah] (i) Calculate the empirical formula of compound X. Hitungkan formula empirik sebatian X. Diberi jisim molekul relatif gas X ialah 72. Gas X dan gas Y ialah hidrokarbon. [10 marks / 10 markah] (ii) State the reason why the empirical formula for the oxide of chromium cannot be determined by heating this solid oxide with magnesium powder. apakah nilai n? Namakan gas X. NH3. (690640-P) 17 SULIT .

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