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TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS
UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

1 Which of the following is true about the
meaning of relative atomic mass?
Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang maksud jisim atom relatif?

4

9 g glukosa, C6H12O6 of atoms in Sample Number sample Sampel Bilangan atom dalam sampel

A The average mass of one atom of the 1 12 element when compared with of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A B C

2 × 1023 atoms
2 × 1023 atom

6 × 1023 atoms
6 × 1023 atom

1 12

B 32 C 40 D 64 8 The relative formula mass of a hydrated copper (II) sulphate is 250 with a formula of CuSO4.nH2O. Calculate the value of n. [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]
Jisim formula relatif bagi kuprum (II) sulfat terhidrat ialah 250 dengan formula CuSO4.nH2O. Kira nilai n. [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]

kali

4 × 1023 atoms
4 × 10 atom
23

B The average mass of one molecule of the substance when compared with 1 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu molekul bagi bahan itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A 2 B 4

C 5 D 8

1 12

kali

C The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan 12 kali jisim satu atom karbon-12.

Table 1 shows the number of atoms contained in three samples of iron A, B and C. Which of the following shows the correct sequence of samples in an descending order of number of moles of atoms?
Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan atom yang terdapat dalam tiga sampel, ferum A, B dan C. Antara yang berikut, manakah menunjukkan urutan menurun yang betul bagi bilangan mol atom dalam sampelsampel tersebut?

9 What is the mass of 2.4 × 1021 molecules of CO3? [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol– 1 ]
Berapakah jisim bagi 2.4 × 1021 molekul CO3? [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

A 0.02 g B 0.01 g

C 0.11 g D 0.24 g

D The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with the mass of a hydrogen-1 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom hidrogen-1.

A B C D

A, C, B B, C, A A, B, C C, A, B

2 How many times does one atom of sulphur heavier than one atom of helium? [Relative atomic mass: He, 4; S, 32]
Berapa kalikah satu atom sulfur lebih berat daripada satu atom helium? [Jisim atom relatif: He, 4; S, 32]

5 Calculate the number of molecules in 0.2 mole of ethene, C2H4. [Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1 ]
Hitungkan bilangan molekul dalam 0.2 mol etena, C2H4. [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

10 3 g of element X react with 7.5 g of element Y to form a compound with the empirical formula of X2Y3. What is the relative atomic mass of Y? [Relative atomic mass: X, 60]
3 g unsur X bertindak balas dengan 7.5 g unsur Y untuk menghasilkan satu sebatian yang mempunyai formula empirik X 2Y3. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi Y? [Jisim atom relatif: X, 60]

A 0.2 × 1023 molecules
0.2 × 1023 molekul

A 25 B 40

C 50
D 100

A B

C 4 D 8

B 1.2 × 1023 molecules
1.2 × 1023 molekul

C 2.4 × 10 molecules
2.4 × 1023 molekul

23

3 Which of the following has the same number of particles as in 2.8 g of iron? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol– 1 ]
Antara yang berikut, manakah mempunyai bilangan zarah yang sama dengan dalam 2.8 g ferum? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]

D 6.0 × 1023 molecules
6.0 × 1023 molekul

11 Calculate the volume of distilled water needed to mix with 11.7 g of sodium chloride to get a solution of 1.7 mol dm–3 sodium chloride. [Relative atomic mass: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]
Hitungkan isi padu air suling yang diperlukan untuk bercampur dengan 11.7 g natrium klorida supaya menghasilkan larutan 1.7 mol dm–3 natrium klorida. [Jisim atom relatif: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]

6 What is the mass of 1 mole of hydrogen
gas? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1]
Berapakah jisim bagi 1 mol gas hidrogen? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1]

A 1 B 2

C 4 D 6

A 0.032 g of copper
0.032 g kuprum

B 3 × 1021 of calcium particles
3 × 1021 zarah kalsium

7 The relative molecular mass of a metal sulphate, XSO4 is 136. What is the relative atomic mass of metal X? [Relative atomic mass: O, 16; S, 32]
Jisim molekul relatif bagi satu logam sulfat, XSO4 ialah 136. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi logam X?

A B C D

120 cm3

300 cm3 3000 cm3 6000 cm3

12 A concentration of 0.75 mol dm–3 of

C 0.05 mole of oxygen
0.05 mol oksigen

D 9 g glucose, C6H12O6
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A 23
12

sulphuric acid is used as an electrolyte in a car battery. What is the volume of electrolyte of 0.18 mole of sulphuric acid?
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