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Teaching approaches Strategies

Concrete to abstract

Specific to general (inductive approach)

Teaching Approach

Simple to complex

General to specifice (deductive speech)

Near to far

Examples of Teaching Approach

analysing and interpreting information grouped together •using one or several formulae. or theorems. formulas. interpret or solve certain problems •an alternative combination of inductive and deductive approaches used for formation of concepts. theorems. or theories Thematic Approach •theme is the main idea or topic of a lesson content (used mainly in teaching story and essay writings. principles. laws. principles.Integrative Approach Inductive Approach Deductive Approach Elective Approach •fusion or combination of skills or contents •involves activity of collecting. to comprehend. laws. •discussion of the same theme by groups with mixed abilities •discussion of related topics that complement with one another by groups of mixed abilities •discussion of sub topics by groups of similar ability Marilyn Laesk (2001) interpreted teaching strategy as the choice and range of teaching methods .

methods and techniques which have been planned choose teaching methods and techniques according to the teaching approach Teaching Strategy allot and arrange systematically teaching and learning materials that required allot the time for each teaching method and technique used for each teaching component which has been arranged arrange systematically teaching method and techniques according to the principles and theories of learning Examples of Teaching Strategies .determine teaching approach acording to the teaching and learning objectives organise class according to the teaching approach.

while the teacher plays the role as a facilitator •two-way communication (teacher applise facilitating technique to guide pupils to response •teacher practices democratibf teaching style. wherby abstract knowledge ansd skills are acquired through concrete practical expreiences Task-Based Strategy •based on learning activities that are planned by the teacher for the pupils to carry a certain task •close related with material-centred strategy and pupil-centred strategy . pupils and teaching and learning aids •skills of using teaching and learning aids plays the primary role to achieve the predetermined objectives •emphasize on the overall development of the pupils' potentials. adopt whole class teaching method and ignor individual differences •pupils become less creative and are not encouraged to take their own initiative to learn Pupil-Centred Strategy •Characteristics •pupil play an active primary role in the learning process. and often take their own initiate to learn Material-Centred Strategy •characteristics •plays a primary and important role. espeially development of cognitive. emotional and social aspects •teachers will be able to present the lesson clearly. students play passive role as listener or audience •one-way interaction and communication •autocratic teaching style: teacher controls and gives instructions (pupil will not have opportunity to air their opinion or ask question) •teaching strategies are planned according to teaching objectives •emphasize only on learning of subject matter and skills •emphasize on the pupils' achievement in test and examinations •passive interaction with very limited social interaction and communication among pupils •emphasize on the whole class organisation.Teacher-Centred Strategy •Characterics •teacher plays a primary and active role. accurately and in an interesting manner •pupil will be able to develop their manipulative skills. and pupils are encourage to air their opinions •emphasize on the achievement on the learning objective •emphasize on the overall development of pupils' potentials •emphasize on the formative test to ascertain pupils' weakness in learning •interaction process among pupils are many to foster social skills and noble values •places importance in carrying out pupils' activities in small groups •emphasize on the organisation of group activities according to individual differences •pupils tend to be more innovative and creative. physical. and foster with positive attitude in group activities •provides opportunity for meaningful teaching and learning experiences. as teacher and pupils need teaching and learning materials to optimize teaching and learning inside and outside the classroom •provides opportunity for interaction and communication among the teacher.