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Materials System Specification

32-SAMSS-008 12 May 2008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Standards Committee Members
Sabri, Hasan Abdulrahman, Chairman Sabban, Mahmoud Abdulrahim, Vice Chairman Beckenbach, Joseph William Fagihi, Ali Saoud Hussain, Khaleel Ma'Atug Issa, Mohammad Abdallah Jamea, Khalid Hamad Khalifah, Khalifah Sa'Ad Khowaiter, Abdul Rahman Othman Odan, Nabeel Mohammad Saeed, Mustafa Taher Saffar, Adel Abdullah

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards
Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Scope............................................................ 2 Conflicts and Deviations............................... 3 References.................................................... 3 Design........................................................... 4 Pulse Air System Requirements................... 8 System Performance Requirements............ 10 Electrical and Instrumentation...................... 11 Protective Coatings...................................... 15 Design Drawings.......................................... 15 Inspection.................................................... 16 Testing Requirements.................................. 16 Guarantee.................................................... 16 Export Packing, Marking and Shipping........ 16

Appendix I - Protective Coatings....................... 17 Appendix II - Filtration Testing Requirements... 22

Previous Issue: 26 October 2005

Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 Page 1 of 26

Primary contact: Makki, Younes Habib on 966-3-8746637
Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2008. All rights reserved.

Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013

32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines

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Scope 1.1 This Specification together with the Purchase Order covers the minimum mandatory design, performance and testing requirements for combustion gas turbines inlet air filtration systems. These environments could be subject to any combination of dry, high ambient dust, salt concentrations, fog and high humidity conditions. The intent of the inlet air filtration system is to limit the ingestion of airborne contaminants such as sand, dust and alkali metal salts so as to prevent gas turbine compressor erosion, fouling, cooling air passage blocking and hot corrosion of the turbine section components. The system specified herein is intended for continuous duty, high efficiency air filtration. Air filtration systems covered by this Specification are limited to the automatic pulse-jet self cleaning type. The system may be a single stage comprising the pulse-clean element alone, or a two-stage system comprising the pulse-clean element with a second stage high performance barrier filter. Barrier style filters alone may be considered for offshore applications, if supporting information related to similar experience is submitted through the Company or Buyer Representative for review and approval by the Chairman, Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee, Consulting Services Department. Air filtration systems shall be supplied by qualified experienced Vendors who must have: a) b) c) 1.5 Previously manufactured at least two systems of similar type and design. Shown a satisfactorily system performance of at least three years of continuous fielded service. Proven through testing that the proposed system meets the Type Test requirements outlined in paragraph 11 of this Specification.

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1.3

1.4

Compliance with the provisions of this Specification does not relieve the Vendor from the responsibilities of furnishing equipment properly designed to meet the specified operating service conditions. Alternative designs may be proposed. Products of comparable type and quality may be submitted for the Buyer's written acceptance with the Quotation.

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Conflicts and Deviations All requests to deviate from this Specification and any conflicts between this Specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications
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1 ASME B1. shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Chairman.1 ASME B1. Shapes and Bars Hot Dip Galvanization Combustion Gas Turbines Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Air Filtration System: Inlet.1 Standard Welding Code – Steel Page 3 of 26 Pipe Threads.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines (SAMSSs). and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this Standard shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee.13M ASME SEC VIII D1 American Welding Society AWS D1. unless otherwise noted. General Purpose Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Power Piping Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form) Metric Screw Threads . codes and forms. 3 References The selection of material and equipment and the design.1 Saudi Aramco Documents 32-SAMSS-100 Form 175-325515 3. construction. for Gas Turbines or Centrifugal Compressors American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME B1. industry standards. Standard Drawings (SASDs).2 Industry Codes and Standards American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM A36/ ASTM A36M ASTM A283/ ASTM A283M ASTM A123 & ASTM E376 Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates. The deviations shall be separately listed by the Vendor in his quotation and shall refer to the relevant paragraph numbers.21. Consulting Services Department.M Profile Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels . Engineering Standards (SAESs).1 ASME B16.5 ASME B31. 3.

3 The following ground sample analysis can be considered typical for an inland site: Page 4 of 26 . with relative humidity ranging from zero to 100%. Recommended Practice Fixed Ladders and Cages Fixed Industrial Stairs Pipe Railing for Walking and Working Surface Details Details for Angle Railing for Walking and Working Surfaces Grating Details National Electric Code U.1.1. Unless otherwise specified.1 General 4. Army Corps Manual 136-300-178 4 Design 4. and the environmental conditions specified based on the site's specific meteorological and seismic data as specified in the data sheets. 4. and condensation that may develop as the ambient temperature sufficiently drops within the same day of operation.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines National Fire Protection Association NFPA 70 Process Industry Practices STF05501 STF05511 STF05520 STF05521 STF05530 SAE International SAE J 726.1 The inlet air filtration system shall be suitable for operation with the combustion gas turbine as specified in the Purchase Order description. equipment shall be assumed to be installed outdoors in a high ambient dust desert area.2 4.1. Commentary Note: Surface temperatures may reach 70°C when exposed to direct solar radiation.S. 1993edition Air Cleaner Test Code.

4.1.0 12.5 The aerodynamic design shall be such that air intake velocities are uniform across the entire filter area. Analysis of airborne particulate gives the following distribution: Size Range (micrometer) 0 -1. The particle size distribution of airborne particulate varies greatly with wind velocity.1.6.0 . Reinforcements shall also be Page 5 of 26 .0 20 plus Percent (Volumetric) 50 25 15 5 5 During severe dust storm conditions.12. The Clean and Dirty Air plenums sheet steel shall be at least 3.1 The filter house shall be of a bolted and welded design fabricated from hot rolled sheet steel. the first stage shall be selfcleaning and shall be capable of meeting the performance requirements alone.0 . Inland environment installations shall be considered if located further than 12 km inland from the nearest point on the shoreline.2 Structure Construction 4. Where two-stage systems are proposed.1. the airborne dust concentrations may be up to 0.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Constituent Silica Calcium Magnesium Alumina Potassium Sodium Quantity (% of Sample – Volumetric) 50 32 9 5 3 1 The hot desert regions of the Arabian Peninsula are subject to extreme fluctuations in wind force both daily and seasonally.0 mm (⅛ inch) thick (ASTM A36M/ASTM A283M or equivalent) and shall be reinforced with steel members. 4.6 4.20. and the second stage barrier filters shall be considered as a back up to the primary self-cleaning stage.57 g/m³ and the sodium quantity may increase by a factor of ten.4 4. Coastal environment installations are defined as any location on land within 12 km of the shoreline and all locations over open water.2.5 .5 1.0 6.

All seams and joints shall be airtight. all holes shall be pre-drilled. Corrosion resistant coated lock-washers shall be provided on all bolting. When specified in the Purchase Order.2. ungasketed washers and other undesirable assembly features.3 4. using suitable lifting points provided for this purpose. to reduce the movement of filter cartridges during pulsing and to completely eliminate any potential vibration issues The unit shall be designed to withstand a minimum pressure differential of 3 kPa (12 in.5 4. Where blind assembly cannot be avoided. Where assembly requires bolting. water gauge). Consulting Services Department. as needed. Filter elements shall be designed for easy installation and quick change out.13M or equivalent standards.034 MPa (150. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee. Page 6 of 26 4. All nuts and bolts used inside the clean air plenum during assembly shall be welded after assembly to prevent air leaks and loose hardware from entering the turbine. The minimum tensile strength of the bolts shall exceed 1. All bolting shall comply with ASME B1.2 All structural strength welding shall be continuous.2. the filter house shall be capable of being lifted as a complete assembly and placed on a prepared foundation. 4.1/ASME B1. All filter elements shall be changeable from the upstream side. Sub-assemblies shall be provided with lifting points. All filter retainers or clips shall also be corrosion resistant coated.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines provided. The filter house assembly shall be manufactured in pre-fabricated subassemblies of suitable size to facilitate transportation and minimize site erection work.6 . Filter change-out shall be achievable without shutting down the gas turbine. heat treated high strength bolts shall be used for structural joints. avoiding blind assembly.2.2. All welding shall be as per AWS d1. The edges of tightly contacting surfaces shall be completely seal welded. Inlet air filtration horizontally mounted filter elements type system are not acceptable.4 4. For coastal environment locations. and continuous seal-welding shall be used in places th are not self-draining or where crevice corrosion is likely to occur. The precise method of filter element assembly and sealing shall be submitted for information through the Company or Buyer Representative to the Chairman.1 procedures or JIS/EN equivalents.000 psi).2. lead-in devices shall be provided on the element or filter house to facilitate assembly.

2. ASTM A490 or ASTM A490M bolts.2. unless painting is specified in the Contract Documents.9 4. Stairyways to each level shall be provided. Steel embedded in concrete (including ASTM A36. All bolts and fasteners shall be also tack welded. ASTM A194.2. pulse air piping.12 4. On multi-level installations. 4.7 The design shall be such that inlet air is drawn from a point not less than 3 m (10 ft) above grade level to avoid ingestion of heavy ground level dust and sand during windy conditions and ground heated air during high ambient temperature conditions.9 4. Anchor bolts shall be according to the relevant paragraphs of 32-SAMSS-100. The trash screen shall be supported at the downstream face of the inlet silencers. access shall be provided to the clean and dirty air sub-plenums for access to all filter banks. Page 7 of 26 . stairs shall be in accordance with PIP STF05511 and ladders and cages shall be in accordance with PIP STF05501.3 Structure Galvanization 4. shall be galvanized.000 hours shall not be installed inside the clean air plenum. Automatic or gravity weighted by-pass doors are not permitted.8 4. solenoids and valves.2.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 4.8 4.10 4.3.2. Safe personnel access shall be made for inspection downstream of the filters. Access shall be using bolted gasketed door requiring manual disassembly. and crane rails.2. ASTM A307 and ASTM F1554 anchor bolts) shall be hot-dip galvanized. For multi-level installations. suitable means shall be provided to elevate replacement filter elements to reach upper level.2. and the railings shall be in accordance with PIP STF05520 and STF05521.4. except ASTM A193. The exact elevation shall be as specified in the Purchase Order. Platforms and other suitable access shall be provided to service these components.11 4. Zinc plating is not acceptable. Access ladders alone are not acceptable. Stainless steel trash screen with 25 mm (1 inch) maximum square mesh of minimum 5 mm diameter (6 gauge) wire or rod shall be provided. The grating shall be in accordance with PIP STF05530.6 4. Components having inspection or service intervals of less than 10.2. Also. Tack welding of the trash screen is acceptable.1 All support structure materials.

Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 4. and washers shall meet required mechanical properties after galvanizing. A metal stop or similar device shall be incorporated to ensure correct gasket compression.4.3.ASTM A153/ASTM A153M or ASTM B695. ASTM A36 / ASTM A36M threaded bar or ASTM A307 bolts and corresponding nuts and washers .4. The filter element manufacturing date (month/year) shall be permanently marked on the exposed end cap of each new or replacement element.ASTM A123. nuts. the filter element shall be made of water repellent materials.3 4. if proposed. c) d) 4. Where applicable. In coastal and foggy areas.4.4.5 Page 8 of 26 .2 Galvanizing of steel shapes.1 Sealing gaskets shall be attached to the filter elements such that new gaskets are provided at each filter change. plates and hardware shall be in accordance with the following ASTM specifications: a) b) Steel shapes and plates .2 4. filter media shall be glued to the face guard or the wrapping cord at sufficient locations to maintain adequate pleat spacing. Second stage filters. 4.4 Filter Elements Structure 4.4. The markings shall be sufficiently large to be readable from the installation platform closest to the elements.4 4. shall be located downstream of the pulse-clean stage and shall be made of materials that meet the environmental requirements of the first stage pulse air filter. The filter element and the end caps shall be sufficiently strong to allow a 30 cm (1 ft) drop to the metal walk floor without disabling damage to the filter element. ASTM A325 Type 1 or ASTM A325M Type 1 bolts and corresponding nuts and washers -ASTM B695 (or ASTM A153/ ASTM A153M when approved by the Buyer). All bolts.

the pulse mechanism shall be activated by a high pressure set point and deactivated by a low pressure set point or by allowing the mechanism to complete a minimum of six full cleaning cycles. All welded components shall be 316L.1 Operation and Materials 5. 5.5 5. The hose length shall not exceed 600 mm. The hose lining shall be suitable for the process and operating conditions.2 .6 The air filtration system shall be provided with automatic dust evacuation system and procedure for dust disposal and to minimize reingestion of pulsed-off dirt back into the filter elements. In no case shall more than 15% of the filter elements in any module be pulse cleaned simultaneously and in no case shall more than 5 % of the total filter elements be pulse cleaned simultaneously.1. Flexible hoses shall be stainless steel armored. with excessive pressure fluctuation control features (e. 5. Rubber or rubber-like connectors are not acceptable. Failure of either pressure transmitter shall automatically activate the pulse-clean mechanism. air surge drum.2 5.1 Each separately controlled filter stage shall have a pressure transmitter and an active back-up pressure transmitter with separate pressure sensing lines. shall be used for pulsing.1.g.2.1. Using a transmitter. Instrument quality air.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 5 Pulse Air System Requirements 5. with integral connectors.1..1.1.1. The overall self cleaning design shall be such as to minimize flow and pressure perturbations due to pulse cleaning. all components shall be 316 or 316L stainless steel.2 Instrumentation 5.2.3 5.1 The air pulse system shall be designed to effectively operate with a normal pulse air gauge pressure of 560 to 700 kPa gauge (80 to 100 psig). if needed). Page 9 of 26 5. either of which acting alone shall be capable of activating the pulse-clean mechanism. For the pulse air system.4 5. The pulsing system shall be able to operate on a continuous basis (with and without a differential pressure trigger) and timed basis (with the unit operating or on standby).7 5.

0 feet per minute) through the pulse-clean filter element (Media) in the case of vertically hanging cylindrical cartridges.5 cm/s (3.4 kPa (1. An electronic timer shall be provided for automatic starting and stopping of the pulsing system while the turbine is either operating or shut down. low set points. The filter system shall meet the filtration testing requirements of Appendix II. The updraft velocity into the filter bank shall not exceed 1.2. ventilation and pressurizing air) at 15°C and 100 kPa (14.4 Solenoid valves and air diaphragm valves shall have coated bodies to become corrosion and UV resistant.5 Page 10 of 26 .625 kPa (2.57 g/m³.2. All adjustable parameters shall be factory set by the Vendor. number of full cleaning cycles shall be field adjustable.2.2 kPa (0. pulse duration and. The air to media velocity shall not exceed 1. The pressure drop across all filtration and screening stages of the complete system shall not exceed 0. pulse frequency. when tested in accordance with the requirements in Paragraph 11 of this Specification.1 The filter system shall be sized to handle both the gas turbine inlet air and any GT enclosure ventilation requirements.5 psia) ambient site conditions.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 5. The initial pressure drop shall not exceed 0. High set points.75 inches water gauge) across the filter elements and 0. where applicable.3 6. 6. A manual switch shall be supplied to initiate pulse cleaning independently of the pressure transmitter settings.6 6 System Performance Requirements 6.2 6. The system shall be capable of operating continuously during simulated dust storm conditions with an inlet dust concentration of 0. The filter system design shall be based on 105% of the total turbine system volumetric air flow requirement (including cooling.4 6.3 5.52 m/s (300 feet per minute) and the vertical velocity between filter elements shall not exceed 2. 5.2.54 m/s (500 feet per minute).5 5.5 inches water gauge) across a single stage of the filter system. The timer shall have three or more selectable pulse starting times in a 24 hour period and a selectable number of cleaning cycles and/or stopping times in a 24 hour period.5 inches water gauge). The Vendor shall supply details of the range of field adjustment available on these parameters.

1 Both The instrumentation system and the electrical equipment shall comply with the electrical area classification requirements designated in the Purchase Order or on the approved electrical area classification drawing.625 kPa (2.2 b) c) 7.5 kPa (10 inches water gauge) across the pulse clean stage.2. Wiring 7.6 The filtration system shall be capable of self cleaning back to the acceptable operating pressure drop from a pressure drop of not less than 2. 7. 6.2. size 14 AWG minimum. or control system. flame retardant PVC. Except for thermocouple wiring a) Power and signal wiring shall be color coded as follows: Page 11 of 26 . XLPE or XLPO insulated. Instrumentation signal wiring shall be stranded copper. 18 AWG for multi-twisted pair/triad cables from junction boxes to other junction boxes. Consulting Services Department.1 General power wiring.2. The minimum wire size shall be: a) 16 AWG single twisted pair/triad from instruments to the nearest skid mounted junction box.4 Pair/triads of multi-twisted pair/triad control cables shall be numbered.3 7. Cables carrying analog signals shall also be shielded. XLPE or XLPO insulated. 7 Electrical and Instrumentation 7.5 inches water gauge) pressure differential across the self-cleaning filter elements.2. shall be stranded copper. marshalling cabinets.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines The pulse-clean cycle shall be initiated at not more than 0. have an insulation minimum temperature rating of 90°C and shall comply with NFPA 70 or IEC 60502-1. 22 AWG for multi-conductor cable inter-cabinet wiring. Smaller wire size may be accepted if substantiated by field experience and a written approval is obtained from the Chairman.2 7. for circuits up to 600V to ground and a maximum current rating of 15A. flame retardant PVC. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee.

Splices are not permitted in wiring.1. grouped in the 2 out of 3 shutdown logic. MC.8 7. etc.6 Thermocouples shall be as per ANSI MC96. connections shall be made via terminal blocks. Double Block and bleed arrangement for each one of the instruments. shall be provided to enable maintenance while the unit is in operation Different instruments signals shall be segregated from each other and from power wiring.2.7 7.2.2. Armored cables may be routed on trays. These terminal blocks shall have tubular box clamp connector and compression bar or yoke for wire termination.2.1 7.g.2.10 Page 12 of 26 .).2. The conduit installation shall be in accordance with NFPA 70. the following guidelines shall be followed: a) The armored cable shall be suitable for the area classification where the packaged unit is installed (e. When wiring must be extended. More than two connections per terminal point are not allowed. alarm.. ITC. Cables may be routed utilizing one of two methods: 7.10. PLTC.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines AC Supply: Phase – Black DC Supply Positive – Red or red sleeve over any color except green Negative – Black or black sleeve over any color except green - Signal Pair Positive – Black Signal Triad Positive – Black Neutral – White Ground – Green or green with yellow trace Negative – White Negative – White - Third Wire – Red b) c) 7. and shutdown systems.5 7.2 Instrument cables may be routed in conduits. Blue color insulation or jacket shall only be used for intrinsically safe installation. Wiring connections shall be made to channel (rail) mounted terminal blocks. Fused terminals shall be used for power distribution.10.2.2. 7.9 7. For this option.

9.14 7.e. (i. shall be terminated in junction boxes. For shutdown systems. Instruments and JBs shall have permanently attached engraved phoenolic / laminate or plastic nameplates. dedicated primary elements having their own individual process connections. Phoenolic nameplates shall be installed with two stainless steel screws. Heat shrink or ferrule type wire tags with permanently embossed identification markings shall be used. Where sealing is required by NFPA 70. The glands at both ends of the armored cable shall be certified flameproof (EExd) gland..11 JB shall be 316 series SS and be IEC 60529 type IP66 or NEMA 250/NEMA ICS type 4X and shall meet the segregation requirements of paragraph 7.13 7.. the alarm and shutdown contacts shall be closed during normal operation and shall open when the alarm or shutdown condition is reached).. Tray ends are bent to avoid having sharp edges.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines b) The armored cables shall be routed on aluminum or stainless channel trays. the initiating devices shall be independent. intended for interface with plant wiring and/or control package. The trays shall be elevated and shall not be mounted to the skid base plate unless protected by grating.e. Interconnecting wires between skid mounted components. the gland shall be certified (EExd) with a compound barrier seal (e.2.2. Galvanized steel trays are not acceptable.2. If relays are being used then fail-safe is: "Deenergize to alarm and deenergize to shutdown shall be standard" (i. All packaged unit wiring. 7. c) d) e) f) 7. The alarm and shutdown contacts shall be wired fail safe.2.2.PX2K).g.12 7. showing tag numbers. and between skid termination panels and control system panels shall be tagged. between skid mounted instruments and the skid termination panel. The cable armor shall be either steel wire armor or interlocked metallic armor. Each tag shall identify the device to which the opposite end of the wire is connected. CMP Protex 2000 .15 Page 13 of 26 . the alarm and shutdown relays shall be normally energized).

It shall be possible to test all alarm and shutdown initiating devices.5 7. Each transmitter shall also be provided with isolation valves on the high and low connections in addition to the manifold valves.3. instrument connections shall be NPT female threaded and conform to ASME B1. conduit fittings and terminal boxes. Instrument piping and tubing materials shall be selected to be acceptable for the expected working environment. NPT female. indicators. and be Class 3000 for systems rated up to and including ANSI Class 900. A permanent lighting system inside the clean air plenum is not required.3 Instrument Piping and Tubing 7.5 7. and allow sufficient access for maintenance. 7.20. and Class 6000 for systems rated ANSI Class 1500. Wiring shall be in rigid conduit.6 7.3. Instrument tubing shall be adequately supported to eliminate any vibration transmission to the instruments or excessive load to the piping connection.2 7. Pneumatic signal and supply connection sizes shall be ¼ inch or larger.4 7. The transmitters shall be located side by side where they can be conveniently reached from platform or grade level.1 The instrument piping and tubing installation shall ensure the reliable and accurate operation of the instrument(s) involved.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 7.3 7. per NEMA 4X or IEC 60529 Type IP 66.4 Where applicable. and solenoid valves. Indicating differential pressure transmitters shall be provided across each filter stage and the overall stage.20. For hazardous areas.7 .3. Instrument Piping and Tubing threaded fittings shall be forged carbon steel or stainless steel per ASME B16. Threaded lighting fixtures shall have NPT female threads. All threaded connections shall be tapered per ASME B1.1. The system shall be suitable for 120 volt. where specified in the Purchase Order.3. boxes Page 14 of 26 7.1. A watertight (NEMA 4X) permanent lighting system of adequate capacity shall be provided for inspection and maintenance.11. single phase. Electrical accessories and pressure transmitters shall be housed in weatherproof boxes per NEMA 4X in accordance with NEMA ICS 6 and NEMA 250 or IEC 60529 Type IP 65 with the exception of those in coastal areas corrosive environments which shall be in watertight boxes. Electric signal connection sizes shall be at least ½ inch NPT female for transmitters. 60 Hz in accordance with outdoors non-classified area standards. without interfering with the process operation of the packaged unit.3. calibration and testing.

) b) Two Stages System Pulse-Clean 1.G.G.0 KPa (8.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines shall also be explosion proof (NEMA 7).4 The exterior and interior of the filtration unit shall be coated in accordance with Appendix I.3 8.5000 kPa (2.) 2.75 kPa (7. mercury or any other heavy metals.0" W. lead.0 kPa (4. The high differential pressure indicating transmitter shall be wired to give a high pressure alarms on the turbine panel and in the central control room for each stage.0" W.0" W. Wiring shall be in rigid conduit. through the Page 15 of 26 .7 and be installed at a convenient location to avoid radiant and convected heat. corners and edges shall be brush painted prior to application of the first spray coat to ensure adequate coverage in these areas.9 7. Welds.1 8. 9 Design Drawings The Vendor shall submit detailed structural.2 8.G. The lower set point shall provide an alarm annunciation and the high set point shall be wired to shutdown the turbine.) Overall System 1.11 8 All pneumatic instrumentation shall pass leakage test of all piping and tubing.) Barrier 0.) Alarm Shutdown 7. 7.50 kPa (6.G.0" W. Control pressure transmitter shall be of the smart type.8 7. The selected coating shall not contain vanadium.0" W. The alarm and shutdown set points shall not exceed the following: a) Single Stage System Alarm Shutdown 1. electrical. in accordance with this specification.G.00 kPa (4.10 Solid state electronic timer/sequencer devices shall be housed per paragraph 7. Non-ferrous metal and stainless steel surfaces do not require painting. and instrumentation drawings that are proposed to be furnished.G. Protective Coatings 8.0" W. conduit fittings and terminal boxes.) 1.

Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Company or Buyer Representative for information to the Chairman. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee. The total filter element life. method of manufacture or change materials in any way from the original design as submitted and qualified by the testing specified. alter the design.2 13 Export Packing. without obtaining the Buyer's written permission. including storage and operation. Page 16 of 26 . The type test results shall be subject to review and approval by the Chairman. Marking and Shipping Export packing. The Vendor shall not. Results of these tests shall serve to qualify the proposed filtration system as meeting the requirements and intent of the Specification. Consulting Services Department. must be submitted with the bid proposal for evaluation purposes. 10 Inspection The filter system components are subject to inspection in accordance with the referenced Form 175-325515. 12. shall not be less than five years from date of manufacture. Changes to filter paper media and major changes in the method of construction or controls shall be re-qualified on the basis of all specified tests. during the course of manufacture of a specific order. prior to fabrication. marking and shipping shall be in accordance with the Purchase Order. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee. 12 Guarantee 12. 11 Testing Requirements Results of the required tests identified in Appendix II and certified by a Principal Officer of the Vendor Company. Consulting Services Department.1 The Vendor shall guarantee a minimum pulse-clean element life and performance (per section 6 of this sepcification) of two years of continuous operation in the environment as specified in the datasheet. Revision Summary 12 May 2008 Major revision.

Consulting Services Department. maximum per coat. A qualified sepecialized coating inspector as per NACE or equivalent shall be assigned to witness and inspect the coating application job including surface preparation and coating application. high build polyamine epoxy-coating systems may be accepted provided they pass the testing criteria shown below. Results of the tests shall be submitted through the Company or Buyer Representative for review by the Chairman. Other proposed two-component. Gas Turbines & Diesel Engines Standards Committee. Epoxy Primer with two Epoxy Top coatings shall be from the following approved coating materials: APCS-1B         5. Epoxy Primer with two Epoxy top coatings shall be applied in three coats at 275-400 microns after cleaning the surface at cleanliness SSPC-SP-10 (NACE-2) with anchor profile at 40-65 microns. One coat primer 50-100 micrometers. with the testing to be conducted by independent coating laboratory. minimum-maximum.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Appendix I .Protective Coatings 1. 3. 4. Plasite 7103 + Plasite 7100-H Hempadur HB Primer 17300 + Hempadur Mastic 45881 Penguard Special + Penguard HB a) Devran 201 + Devran 224 b) Siprime 215 + Sipoxy-Shield 240 Amercoat 71 + Amercoat 383 HS Intergard 291 + Intergard 410 Sigmacover Primer 7413 + Sigmacover CM 7456 Wisconsin Hempel Jotun SIPCO SIPCO Oasis Ameron International Sigma 2. Page 17 of 26 . Two or more top coats 150 micrometers. Quality control tests shall be followed and recorded.

creep or run: Epoxy primers: (APCS-1B): Epoxy topcoats: 150 micrometers (6 mils) 100 micrometers(4 mils) 6. Applicable Physical Property Tests: 6.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 6.2.2 Epoxy coatings supplied in accordance with this Specification shall meet the requirements of SSPC-Paint 22. or streaks . sag. the viscosity of the ready-mixed paint shall remain within the range recommended by the manufacturer for sprayability without additional thinning for not less than 1 hour. Grains.3 Test Panel Preparation 6.4 Drying Times When tested in accordance with ASTM D1640.2.2. 6.2. Settling .6 or better. the condition of the test panel shall be equivalent to SSPC-Guide to Vis 1 Rust Page 18 of 26 . Prior to preparing the surface. pressure and corrosion – 10. Skinning. the sample shall meet the following requirements: a) b) c) d) 6.3. the Dry-Through (or Dry-To-Handle) Time shall be 8 hours and the Dry-To-Recoat Time shall be in accordance with suppliers published data sheets. Qualification Tests and Requirements 6.1 Package Stability of Paint When stored at 52 ± 1ºC for 6 months in accordance with ASTM D1849.2 Weight loss – 0.3 Usable Potlife At 40°C.1 6. Spray Properties The ready mixed paint shall be easily applied to a vertical surface at the following dry film thicknesses with no tendency to orange peel.1 Test panels shall be ASTM A36 hot-rolled steel approximately 100 mm X 150 mm. lumps.8 or better. 6.

applied and cured in accordance with the Vendor's recommendations.4. Panels shall be rotated every 100 hours until a total of 500 hours in each device has been achieved.1 Weather-O-Meter and Salt Fog Performance Tests Each panel shall be scribed in accordance with ASTM D1654 and exposed alternately in a Weather-o-Meter in accordance with ASTM D822. Profile of blasted surface shall be as follows: 40-65 micrometers (1. At the conclusion of the test.5 .3. Dry film thickness shall be measured and recorded in accordance with SSPC-PA2 and shall meet the requirements in Table 1. The profile shall be determined with replica tape.3 The test panel shall be abrasive blast cleaned to near white metal (SP-10 or Sa 2-½). or ASTM G26. The temperature of the test panel shall be 63 ± 2ºC during coatings application. Adherent Mill Scale. Procedure B.5 mils) APCS-1B.3. each coating will be evaluated for and meet the criteria in Table 2. Method B.2.2 6. The minimum thickness of the test panel shall be 5 mm.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Grade A. Table 1 – Dry Film Thickness (DFT) Requirements (Micrometer) Primer (1 coat) 50-100 Top Coat (2 or more coats & max percoat) 150 System (Min 3 coats) 275 . Page 19 of 26 .400 6. and a salt fog cabinet in accordance with ASTM B117.3. 6.4 Performance Tests 6.4 Coatings shall be mixed. 6.

Table 3 Coating Epoxy primer Epoxy intermediate coat Epoxy topcoat Drying Time at 25 ± 1°C 72 hours 72 hours 5 days b) Determine the adhesion of the prime coat to the substrate.4.3 Maximum Service Temperature The maximum service temperatures of the coating systems shall be 150ºC for APCS-1B. Make a minimum of three trials and report the average. Allow the adhesive to cure as directed by adhesive supplier.4. To verify compliance with these requirements. 6.2 Adhesion Test a) Test panels shall be prepared in accordance with paragraph 6. intercoat adhesion. conduct adhesion tests on coated panels that have been prepared in accordance with paragraph 6. or cohesion of any coat of the painting system by using an adhesion tester. Lightly sand the coated surface and aluminum dolly and apply an epoxy adhesive. The adhesion shall be at least Page 20 of 26 .Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Table 2 Standard ASTM D714 ASTM D660 ASTM D661 ASTM D610 ASTM D1654 ASTM D 523 Description Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces System Standard Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected Corrosive Environments to Specular Gloss (Polyurethane Coatings Only) Acceptable Rating No blisters No checking No cracking 10 Rating of Failure at Scribe shall not exceed 10. The reduction in gloss of the tested sample shall not exceed 20% compared to an untested sample 6. The average shall be at least 2750 kPa (400 psi). 450 kg capacity.4. Scribe the coating and adhesive around the dolly prior to testing.2 and then exposed in an oven for 14 days at the appropriate temperature listed above.3 except that the coatings shall be cured as shown in Table 3.

Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paint ASTM D661.4. 6. At the conclusion of the test. Salt Spray (Fog) Testing.2 but not subsequently exposed in an oven. Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments Falling Sand 8F No Checking No Cracking 9 Rust creep from the scribe shall not exceed 2.3 Salt Fog Performance Prepare two panels and apply the complete coating system. Table 4 – Salt Spray (Fog) Testing Standard ASTM D714. Acceptable Rating Page 21 of 26 . This procedure shall be continued until the test panels are exposed for 500 hours in the salt fog cabinet.4.5 mm. the coating shall be evaluated for and shall meet the criteria shown in Table 4. Not more than 5% of the total average thickness has been removed. Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces ASTM D1654. Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paint ASTM D610. Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paint ASTM D660.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 90% of that obtained on samples prepared and tested in accordance with paragraph 6. Scribe the fully cured coating system in accordance with ASTM D1654 and expose in a salt fog cabinet in accordance with ASTM B117.

1 The test equipment shall consist of a complete air filtration system including pulse-clean mechanism (as proposed by the Vendor to meet this Specification). airflow system. Scope This testing procedure is for filtration system type testing that filter element manufacturer must meet to become an approved Vendor.Filtration Testing Requirements 1.2. collection efficiency. cleanability. Airflow sampling shall be conducted using isokinetic probes and Gelman Closed Face Holders fitted with 0. conditions and procedure required to determine the initial pressure drop. 1. materials. The isokinetic probes shall be minimum length and the quantity of air sampled shall be measured by approved methods and corrected to standard conditions. The dust injectors shall be configured per Figure 3F of SAE J 726.4 1.3 1.45 micrometer type membrane filters or equal.4 m³/s (3.1.5 1. and integrity of a pulse-jet self-cleaning air filtration system.1 The test dust shall be silica and shall have a particle size distribution within the limits shown on Standard Drawing AE-036005. identical in component size. air sampling system and dust feeding system.2 1. Page 22 of 26 .1 Test Equipment 1.2 Test Materials 1.1.1.1. This test procedure defines the test equipment. The air valve flow coefficient {C(v)} divided by the sum of the areas of the orifices in the blow pipe shall not be greater than in the proposed design. 1. The airflow system shall consist of an exhauster with suitable controls and airflow measuring equipment to insure constant airflow throughout the tests.000 CFM) capacity. of at least 1. The dust feeder shall feed the dust at a uniform continuous rate and the dust injectors shall disperse the dust uniformly across the air inlet face of the test filtration system. materials and fabrication to the proposed design.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines Appendix II .1. The dust feeding system shall consist of a dust feeder and one or more compressed air operated dust injectors. 1993 edition. The test filter system shall consist of a full size module.

5 1.1 Initial Pressure Drop 1. at 80%.2 For efficiency tests.57 g/m³. except where otherwise specified.3. using clean filters.3. Where a second stage is proposed.3. dry sodium chloride (NaCl) particulate of 0 to 5 micrometer size (2 micrometer mean diameter) shall be added to the test dust to make a 90% dust and 10% NaCl mixture based on volume.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 1.2 Page 23 of 26 .3. 90%.4. 100% and 110% of the proposed airflow.1 The initial pressure drop shall be determined. 1. The test dust feed rate during the dust capacity test and the dust/NaCl mixture during the efficiency test shall be maintained constant at an inlet concentration of 0.4. The NaCl capture efficiency shall be based on the theoretical upstream and measured downstream NaCl concentrations.4 Test Procedure 1.2 1.3 Test Conditions 1. 1.2.1. The pulse air pressure shall be maintained at a gauge pressure of 700 kPa gauge (100 psig).3 1. The minimum relative humidity during the dust capacity test shall be 40% and at least one of the efficiency tests shall be conducted with an air inlet relative humidity in excess of 90%. throughout the efficiency and dust capacity tests. The dwell between pulses shall be adjusted on the test such that the cycle time to pulse all the filters shall be not less than in the proposed design.1. Individual filter elements shall be pulse cleaned using the same pulse duration as in the proposed design.4 1.1 The test airflow shall be maintained constant throughout the efficiency and dust capacity tests and shall not be less than in the proposed design. 1. The pulse-jet cleaning mechanism shall be activated and operated continuously. The quantity of test dust and the quantity of air sampled shall be selected to give a measured downstream sodium quantity of at least 5 times the minimum sensitivity of the sodium measuring instrument.4. The system resistance shall be graphed as a function of media velocity. pressure drop shall be determined overall and across the first stage.3.

first stage pressure drop if applicable. The efficiency test shall be conducted at sufficient points during the period to determine the time and pressure drop at which the minimum NaCl capture efficiency of 99. The phase 3 test shall be conducted at the end of the 50 hour period.4 .57 g/m³ until the stabilized pressure drop is attained.4. During this phase.95%. and dust feed shall be recorded hourly.2 The phase 1 test shall be conducted at the proposed flow rate.time taken to reach the stabilized pressure drop and achieve the minimum NaCl capture efficiency of 99. system pressure drop.a real time test to demonstrate the system ability to clean back from an abnormally high pressure drop (as might occur due to a temporary loss of pulse cleaning).a real time test of 50 hours minimum duration to demonstrate a constant system resistance under simulated dust storm conditions.4. NaCl capture efficiency.3. NaCl capture efficiency shall be determined at the end of each 10 hour period. Test dust.2 Dust Capacity and Efficiency 1.2.1 A three phase dust capacity and efficiency test shall be conducted to determine the following: Phase 1 . 1.95% and the system resistance shall not show a rising pressure characteristic. Phase 2 . The dust Page 24 of 26 1.3 1.1 shall be fed continuously at an inlet concentration of 0.2.3. relative humidity. The pulse clean mechanism shall be deactivated and test dust shall be fed continuously at 0. relative humidity and dust feed shall be recorded.1 at an inlet concentration of 0.4. with test dust as defined in paragraph 9.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 1. Phase 3 . System pressure drop.5 kPa (10 inches water gauge).57 g/m³ until the pressure drop across the self cleaning stage reaches 2. The time to reach this pressure drop shall be recorded. The phase 2 test shall continue on from the phase 1 test utilizing the same equipment and filter elements. At this point.57 g/m³ for a minimum period of 50 hours. as defined in paragraph 9.4.2.95% is attained.2. the measured NaCl capture efficiency shall be not less that 99.4.

The system shall be allowed to self clean back to the previously determined stabilized operating pressure drop.4.3.1 The Vendor shall furnish certified evidence that filter elements are able to withstand rough handling. at which point the NaCl capture efficiency shall be measured.4.4. 1.3. their capability of withstanding 3.0 inches water gauge) pressure differential without rupture of the media. 2 and 3 tests shall be plotted on a composite graph showing system resistance in inches water gauge.3.3. Shaker testing shall be performed on the filter element alone without transport packaging. 1.7 kPa (15 inches water gauge) pressure differential without degradation of filter performance and shall be able to withstand 6.4.5 kPa (10 inches water gauge) pressure differentials. the number of pulse clean cycles and the time taken to clean back to the stabilized system operating pressure shall be recorded. Individual first and second stage filter elements shall demonstrate .2 1.4. NaCl capture efficiency and relative humidity as a function of time. Dust collection efficiency shall also be determined by testing.1.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines feed shall be terminated and the pulse clean mechanism reactivated.2 kPa (25. This may be demonstrated by a minimum of 15 (fifteen) hours continuous shaker testing to U. 1993 edition.2 kPa (25 inches water gauge).5 The results of phase 1.3 Page 25 of 26 .4. Army Corps Manual 136-300-178 without sustaining structural damage or loss of dust collection efficiency. Gravitational efficiency determinations shall be made at 3.S. The technique and procedure shall be in accordance with SAE J 726. The time taken to reach 2.3 Integrity of Filter Elements 1. the filter shall be loaded at the proposed airflow with the specified test dust up to 6.2. Using the same filter element as used in paragraph 1.7 kPa (15 inches water gauge) and 6. 1.2 kPa (25 inches water gauge) based on the cumulative amount of dust fed. through laboratory testing.

5.5 Test Report The test report shall include. if available. 3. NaCl capture efficiency and relative humidity as a function of time. Sketches showing the overall test set-up and details of each of the systems outlined in paragraph 1. demonstrating minimum 2 years operating life of filter media.Document Responsibility: Gas Turbines and Diesel Engines Issue Date: 12 May 2008 Next Planned Update: 12 May 2013 32-SAMSS-008 Inlet Air Filtration Systems for Combustion Gas Turbines 1. including make and model of all measuring instruments and equipment.1. Certified results of laboratory tests and rough handling tests on individual elements. Composite graphs of system resistance. Supportive test or operating experience. the following material: 1. Page 26 of 26 . 4. but shall not be limited to. A graph of initial system resistance as a function of volumetric flow. 2.