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Uses and Advantages of Cement

The overwhelming majority of cement is utilized as a means of makingconcrete as well as concrete products. The use and manufacturing of cement products are two of the advantages of cement, which is the most useful and valuable mineral in the world.

How are Cements Manufactured?

The manufacturing of cement involves a combination or raw materials, normally approximately 85 percent limestone or rocks such as marl or marble; the rest is primarily shale or clay. The mixture is then heated until it almost melts and then it is ground out into powder form. It takes approximately 1.7 tons of these raw materials to manufacture a ton of cement and a cement calculator is sometimes used during the process. Process of Hydration

When water is added to cement, it turns it into a paste. Then the paste is combined with other materials like rocks, gravel, sand and other aggregates, the paste will binds them together and make a tremendously tough product that is called concrete. The mix hardens as a result of a chemical reaction that takes place between the mixed parts. This reaction is known as hydration and during this process, crystals will radiate outwards from the grains of the cement and interlock with the other adjacent crystals or stick on to the aggregates. By volume, the usual mixture to create concrete is approximately 15 to 20 percent water, 60 to 75 percent aggregates

and 10 to 15 percent cement; the strength of the mixture is one of the advantages of cement. Main Kinds of Cement For all useful purposes, the only kind of cement that is exercised in modern construction is referred to as Hydraulic cement. The two major kinds of cement are masonry cements and Portland cements. Portland cement makes up in excess of 95 percent of the cement that is manufactured in the United States; masonry cement which is utilized for mortar and stucco accounts for the majority of the balance.

The inventor of the Portland cement is not known; however, Joseph Aspdin patented it in 1824 in England. The cement was then nicknamed as Portland cement because the color is almost the same as that of the stones quarried on the Isle of Portland, which is off the British coast to the south.

Approximately 75 percent of the cement that is produced is utilized in the making of ready-mix concrete and it is utilized to build bridges, buildings, walls, sidewalks, and all types of constructed structures.

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