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Materials System Specification

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Standards Committee Members
Alshaikh, Tariq Hussain, Chairman Khateeb, Eyad Mohammed, Vice Chairman Asiri, Saeed Mohammad Felemban, Mohammed Mahmoud Harbi, Murshed Ghazi Hussain, Khaleel Ma'Atug Jughaiman, Bader Khaled Kawthar Ali, Mahmoud Hashim Khogair, Hani Ahmad Khowaiter, Abdul Rahman Othman Muqahwi, Sameer Salim Naas, Adil Ali Odan, Nabeel Mohammad Qahtani, Hadi Abdullah Rabaa, Salem Abdullah Sabri, Hasan Abdulrahman Tuin, Rienk

23 December 2009

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents 1 2 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 General.......................................................... 2 Normative References................................... 2 Metric Dimensions......................................... 4 Basic Design.................................................. 4 Pressure Casings.......................................... 5 Rotating Elements......................................... 6 Rotor Dynamics............................................. 7 Bearings and Bearing Housings.................... 7 Materials........................................................ 8 Controls and Instrumentation....................... 10 Piping and Appurtenances.......................... 13 Accessories................................................. 13 Inspection, Testing and Preparation for Shipment..................... 15 Vendor's Information.................................... 18

Previous Issue: 5 October 2005

Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014 Page 1 of 18

Primary contact: Al-Alshaikh Tariq Hussain on 966-3- 8760121

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2009. All rights reserved.

Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

The following paragraph numbers refer to API STD 612, 6th Edition of API (ISO 10437), November 2005, which is part of this specification. The text in each paragraph below is an addition to API STD 612 unless it is noted as an exception, modification or deletion. Paragraph numbers not appearing in API STD 612 are new paragraphs inserted in numerical order. 1 General 1.1 Scope This Specification, together with the Data Sheet, defines the mandatory requirements for special-purpose steam turbines for mechanical drive applications. For generator set applications requiring special purpose steam turbines, refer to 32-SAMSS-001. Special-purpose steam turbines shall be supplied by Vendors qualified by experience in manufacturing the units proposed. To qualify, the Vendor or his licensee should have manufactured at least two turbines of comparable speed, power rating and steam inlet conditions. The turbines must have been in continuous service for at least one year and must be performing satisfactorily. Verification of this experience shall form part of the Vendor's proposal, and shall include experience of major critical components which include blades, bearings, casings, shafts, and seals. For the last 2 stages of condensing turbines blades, experience shall be documented in a table listing details of tip speed, blade height, maximum continuous speed, Goodman factor, blade material and blade root diameter. Turbines manufacture's .warranty shall be for 12 months from commissioning date or 24 months from shipment, whichever comes first. 1.2 Conflicting Requirements (Exception) Any conflicts between this specification and other referenced Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), codes and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative. 2 Normative References Material or equipment supplied to this Specification shall also comply with the references listed below per the project cutoff date unless otherwise noted.

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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines


Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications 01-SAMSS-017 32-SAMSS-013 34-SAMSS-625 Auxiliary Piping for Mechanical Equipment Lubrication, Shaft Sealing and Control Oil Systems for Special Purpose Applications Machinery Protection System


Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheets Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-320200 Turbines, Steam or Gas Expansion

Saudi Aramco Engineering Forms 8020-415-ENG & 8020-415-M-ENG 8020-416-ENG 8020-418-ENG & 8020-418-M-ENG 2.3 Thermocpules Resistance Temperature Detectors Thermowells

Industry or Equivalent International Codes and Standards American Petroleum Institute API STD 612 Petroleum, Petrochemical and Natural Gas IndustriesSteam TurbinesSpecialPurpose Applications

American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME PTC 19.3 Performance Test Codes. Supplement on Instrumentation & Apparatus - Part 3 Temperature Measurement ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code Welding & Brazing Qualifications Pipe Flanges Rigid Steel Conduit


ASME B16.47 Series A Large Diameter Steel Flanges

National Electrical Manufacturers Association NEMA RN 1 Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Externally Coated Rigid Steel Conduit
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

Metric Dimensions Use of either Metric dimensions or United States Customary is acceptable.

Basic Design 6.1 6.1.1 General For all multistage back pressure steam turbines, below 5000 kW, the minimum adiabatic efficiency shall be 80%; for all turbines above 5000 kW the required minimum efficiency is 82% at normal power. (Modification) Turbines shall be capable delivering normal power at its corresponding speed with coincident minimum inlet and maximum exhaust conditions specified. Turbine casings shall be capable of increasing rated steam volume flow by at least 10% at normal steam conditions by means of steam flow path modification. (Exception) If, during the two months from startup, while operating at the conditions specified on the Data Sheet, and within the vendors operating manual, the turbine fails to meet the specified performance tolerances ,which shall be mutually agreed between vendor and buyer, the Vendor shall be responsible for performing any corrective action required. (Exception) Equipment sound pressure levels are to be calculated per ISO standard 3746, and shall not exceed a maximum level for each new piece of equipment or integrated unit train of 90 dB(A) at a distance of one meter away from the equipment. Control of the sound pressure to meet these requirements shall be the sole responsibility of the Vendor. (Modification) Unless otherwise specified in the datasheet, the equipment will be installed outdoors in a desert area, with relative humidity from zero to 100% (condensing) and ambient temperatures from 1C to 50C (33.8F to 120F). Metal temperature can reach 70C (158F) when exposed to direct solar radiation. The equipment shall be designed to withstand these conditions. Provisions for borescope inspection of multistage turbines with exception of inner casings shall be installed at the inlet, extraction stage(s) and exhaust. The openings and bend radii of borescope passages shall accommodate either 6 mm or 12 mm videoscopes. All passages shall be free of steps and obstructions.
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6.1.6 (b)

6.1.6 (i)





Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

6.2 6.2.4

Nameplates Nameplate data shall be permanently etched, stamped or embossed into the metal surface showing the test or manufacturing month & year. Printing or painting data onto the nameplate is not permitted. The nameplate shall be of stainless steel and in English language.


The required units for nameplate data shall be as specified in the Purchase Order.

Pressure Casings 7.1.10 The Vendor shall provide a rigging plan drawing for lifting the assembled upper half casing for multistage turbines. The plan shall indicate the lifting points and the rigging equipment necessary to control the plane of the upper half casing splitline to avoid binding on the casing guide rods while raising or lowering the casing. Steam chest and casing drains shall be routed clear of bearing housings, a minimum drain size of inch, to prevent any lube oil leakage from being absorbed by insulation. The drains shall be piped beyond insulation and shall be furnished with 300 series stainless steel block valves. Drains shall not be manifolded. On condensing turbines with top exhaust, an automatic drain system shall be provided to ensure that the exhaust casing remains free of condensate. Vendor to provide provisions for drain system. All casing split line fasteners of 2.0 inch diameter and greater shall be of Superbolt (multi-jackbolt) design or hydraulically tensioned. Hydraulic tensioner equipment shall be supplied with hydraulic fasteners. Casing Connections (Exception) Steel flanges above Class 150 shall be raised face. (Exception) Flanges shall conform to ASME B16.5. Flanges above 24 inch NPS shall conform to ASME B16.47 Series A. Flanges over Class 900 operating in a piping system also rated over Class 900 shall be ring-jointed with Monel rings. Internal Stationary Components (Modification) Nozzles or blades welded to the diaphragm are required.



7.2 7.2.7c 7.2.7d

7.3 7.3.2

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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines


Diaphragm horizontal joints shall meet the following requirements by the use of keyed fits, interlocking halves, etc.: a) b) Joint design minimizes steam leakage; Diaphragm halves are accurately aligned and fixed with respect to each other.


The casing and diaphragm design shall permit the diaphragm or labyrinth position to be readily adjusted within the casing to maintain concentricity with the rotor position. Stages designed for operation on wet steam shall be provided with protection against moisture erosion. This shall include rotating as well as stationary components and the casing itself. The Vendor shall state in his proposal, all protective measures taken to limit moisture erosion, including the use of any non-standard materials.


Rotating Elements 8.1 8.1.2 General For turbines with power rating of 4 MW or higher or design operating speeds of 7000 RPM or higher, the rotor shall be of integrally forged shaft and disk construction (Monobloc rotor). Shafts The shaft relative displacement (non-contacting) sensor sensing area locations to be clearly identified by the vendor on the rotor assembly drawing. (Exception) The total combined electrical and mechanical runout for radial tracks areas to be observed by shaft relative displacement sensors shall not exceed: 9 micrometers (0.35 mils) for rated shaft speeds up to 3,600 RPM 6.35 micrometers (0.25 mils) for rated shaft speeds exceeding 3,600 RPM 8.3 Blading Cast blades are not acceptable. 8.3.1 On the Goodman diagram the blade combined stress mechanical fatigue safety factor shall not be less than 3.0.
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8.2 8.2.2


Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

Rotor Dynamics 9.2 9.2.9 9.5 9.5.1 Lateral Analysis The amplification factor for critical speeds less than operating speed shall not exceed 14. Torsional Analysis The torsional analysis shall be conducted and submitted through the company buyer representative to RE&CED, Consulting Services Department for review. Vibration and Balance Radial shaft vibration, axial position and phase reference transducers shall be supplied, installed and calibrated in accordance with 34-SAMSS-625. 9.6.9 Runout measurement on the lathe machine or the balance machine is also acceptable.



Bearings and Bearing Housings 10.1.1 10.3 10.3.1 All turbines shall be equipped with tilting pad radial bearings. Bearing Housings (Exception) The metal temperature of bearings shall not exceed 105C in the loaded area, based on a maximum oil inlet temperature of 60C. During shop testing, the differential between the bearing loaded area metal temperature and the actual oil inlet temperature shall not exceed 45C. A vent on the bearing housing is not required. If a vent is provided, then it shall be plugged. 10.3.2 Purge air connections shall be provided for the labyrinth seals of bearing housings to prevent entrance of steam and foreign material into the bearings and to prevent lube oil leakage out onto the turbine insulation. Purge air connections shall not interfere with lubrication effectiveness or bearing inspection. Connections shall be provided with solid steel plugs. Windback labyrinths, Inpro seals or equivalent which, by design, do not require purge air connections are acceptable alternatives.

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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines


(Exception) Turbines shall be provided with two shaft relative displacement vibration sensors in each radial bearing, dual axial position sensors and a one event per revolution (key phasor) sensor installation shall be in accordance with 34-SAMSS-625. Shaft relative displacement sensors shall be mounted sufficiently axially distant from the bearing journal in order that chrome plating of the bearing journal for repair purposes will not interfere with proper vibration measurement.


Bearing temperature detectors shall be furnished and installed in accordance with 34-SAMSS-625. It shall be possible to remove and replace bearing metal temperature detectors, other than embedded type, without damaging the bearing shoe or pad in which the detector is installed. The bearing temperature monitoring system shall be in accordance with 34-SAMSS-625. Shaft Seals Carbon rings seals are not acceptable for any application. All rotors shall incorporate steam deflectors, located between gland seals and bearing housings and at the bearing housing diameter, with a minimum outer diameter of 3.0 inch larger than the shaft diameter. Alternative designs that prevent lube oil contamination are also acceptable if proven with references and approved by the Buyer.

10.3.8 10.5 10.5.1 10.5.6


Materials 11.1.6 11.2 11.2.3 Copper shall not be used for any components of steam turbines exposed to the atmosphere other than Monel alloy for packing. Castings (Modification) Castings shall not be repaired by peening, plugging, burning in, impregnating or by the use of any plastic or cement compounds. All major weld repairs require the approval of the Coordinator, Materials Engineering & Corrosion Control Division, Consulting Services Department. Review and approval shall not take more than two weeks. Repair procedures including weld procedure specifications, with supporting documentation, shall be submitted for review prior to any
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

repair being conducted. Documentation shall include contract number, turbine number, and casting/serial number. Weld repairs of pressure containing castings at the manufacturer shop shall be considered major if any of the following conditions apply: a) b) c) Castings leak during hydrostatic test; The depth of the repair cavity prepared for welding exceeds 20% of the wall thickness or 25 mm, whichever is smaller; The surface area of the repair cavity exceeds 65 cm.

Welders shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of ASME SEC IX or equivalent International standards. All major repairs shall be documented. The documentation shall include the following: a) b) c) d) e) Extent of the repair; Location; Size; The WPS to be used to effect the repair; Detailed photographs of the defect: 1) 2) Prior to any preparatory work; After preparation but prior to the actual repair.

If the location of the defect cannot be clearly defined by photographic means, the location shall be indicated on a sketch or drawing of the affected component. If a steel casting already stocked by the Vendor or his sub-contractor is to be used, the Vendor shall advise the Buyer, immediately after placement of the Purchase Order, of any major repairs that have been performed on the stock casting. The casting shall be made available to the Buyer together with all relevant documentation regarding the repair procedures used and the welder's qualifications. All weld repairs shall conform to the same quality standards applicable to the casting. Any component which has received any major weld repair shall be subjected to post weld heat treatment in accordance with the appropriate ASTM specification. 11.2.6 Repair reports, as required by ASME SEC VIII D1, shall be made available upon request.
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

11.3 11.3.1

Welding Non-destructive examination of welds shall be in accordance with the requirements of Section 4.2.


Controls and Instrumentation 12.1 General Outdoor control panel's enclosures shall be NEMA Type 4X (stainless steel) or IP-65, hardware shall be Type 300 Series stainless steel, cabinet Lights and Convenience Outlets shall be provided, and the nameplates shall be attached to the cabinets using stainless steel screws. Additional requirements are as follows: a) b) Terminals installed outside the control panel shall be mounted in terminal boxes; The use of Intrinsic Safety as a protection method is required for all instruments located within Class I, Zone 0 areas. In other electrical hazardous areas (Class I, Zone 1 and Zone 2), I.S. systems shall only be used where other methods of protection are impractical. Only equipment, apparatus or devices that have been certified, labeled or listed as intrinsically safe (I.S.) by a third party testing laboratory shall be used or installed. The intrinsically safe instrument enclosure shall be sealed to provide adequate ingress protection (NEMA 4X or IP-65). c) d) Separate terminals and boxes shall be used for RTD wiring. Conduit shall be used and shall be threaded, rigid steel per ANSI C80.1. Additionally, it shall be hot-dip galvanized. Conduit fittings shall be cast or forged steel, cast iron or malleable iron, and hot dip galvanized or zinc electroplated. Additionally, for offshore installations, the conduit and fittings shall be PVC coated per NEMA RN 1 (minimum thickness of PVC: 40 mils). As an alternative to the rigid conduits mentioned above, armored cables routed on stainless steel cable trays may be used.

12.2 12.2.1

Turbine Governing System Electronic-Hydraulic actuators are preferred as compared to Electromechanical-Hydraulic type. Governors equipped with ElectroMechanical-Hydraulic Actuators shall be provided with a
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

dedicated self contained hydraulic oil system separate from the lube oil system. Inlets to all hydraulic actuators shall utilize 10 micron maximum size filters. Governors may be located in a cooled enclosure, an air conditioned control cab or a central control room. The maximum distance from a turbine to the governor electronics will depend on the type of instrumentation and wiring, maximum distance between turbine and control to be stated by the vendor in the proposal. For passive pickups and transducers, the distance shall be limited to 80% of the maximum distance permissible for that system when in new condition. Longer distances shall require active pickups and transducers (with power supply or modulated current transducers). 12.2.3 A combined, total train control system that provides control for the turbine and the driven equipment is also acceptable, but it shall be separate from the DCS system. The combination of the magnetic speed pickup and the multi-toothed surface shall produce sufficient signal at not greater than 500 RPM such that the speed pickup fail-safe override feature of electronic governors can be deactivated. Speed pickups shall be provided and shall be explosion proof when required by the electrical area classification. Governors shall be capable of two way communications with the plant regulatory system. The Vendor shall confirm with the Buyer the communication protocol to be provided. The turbine Vendor shall provide a guarantee that steam chest or casing permanent deformation will not occur when turbine inlet steam flow is controlled by the governor before reaching the driven equipment minimum normal operating speed. Governor variables shall have variable values directly input to the governor from dedicated instruments. External control variables shall not be provided to the governor via communications links with the plant regulatory control system. Turbines in non-critical spared service shall be provided with simplex governors and actuators. Turbines in critical, unspared service shall be provided with fault tolerant governors and dual coil actuators. Overspeed Shutdown System A pneumatic trip & control system for turbine trains of power of less
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12.2.6 12.2.7k





Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

than 4 MW may be acceptable upon review and approval by SCC. Each overspeed circuit shall provide separate dry, voltage free contacts for any overspeed trip. Each overspeed circuit shall provide separate dry, voltage free contacts for any overspeed circuit failure. An independent mechanical overspeed trip is required only if it is not possible to provide the two out of three voting logic overspeed trip system. Electro-Hydraulic Solenoid Valves Solenoid valves shall have Code HT high-temperature molded coils, suitable for 180C. Trip Valve/Combined Trip and Throttle Valve Valve stems, bushings, plugs and seats shall be renewable. Trip valve, which shall be manual reset only within 1 minute reset time. Throttle valve must be designed to prevent lock up when screwed out against their end stop. A back-seated valve stem is not required. Butterfly type valves are not acceptable. Stainless steel body Y-strainers with 200 micron mesh shall be installed at the inlet of all emergency trip valve hydraulic cylinders, hydraulic trip relay valves and hydraulic solenoid valves. 12.4 12.4.9 12.5 12.5.1 Other alarms and shutdowns Alarm and shutdown systems shall be of the "fail safe" design so that the affected output(s) fail safe for any one failure (single risk concept). Instrument and Control Panels All gauges specified in the data sheets as panel mounted necessary to check the system operation shall be mounted on a local gauge board fabricated from steel plate. If a local instrument panel is provided, the gauge board shall be located close to or combined with the local instrument panel. Indicating instrumentation Tachometers The local tachometers shall be mounted to permit observation by the
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12.3.3 12.3.4

12.6 12.6.1

Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

operator while making speed adjustments. Tachometer reading shall be visible in strong sunlight (by use of sunshade, LED, etc.) 12.6.3 Thermowells Thermowells shall be in accordance with Form 8020-418-ENG or Form 8020-418-M-ENG. Wake and natural frequency calculations shall be performed in accordance with ASME PTC 19.3. The insertion length shall satisfy a wake to natural frequency ratio less than 0.8. 12.6.4 Thermocouples and Resistance Temperature Detectors Thermocouples shall be in accordance with Form 8020-415-ENG or Form 8020-415-M-ENG. Resistance temperature detectors shall be in accordance with Form 8020-416-ENG. 14 Piping and Appurtenances 14.1.1 Auxiliary piping shall be in accordance with 01-SAMSS-017. Drains shall be at least inch nominal pipe size and shall end beyond insulation in stainless steel, flanged valves, located in an accessible area and arranged such that drainage can be piped away by others. Each drain line shall be piped separately with block valve: 300 series stainless steel trim. Drains shall not be manifolded. 14.1.2 14.1.4 14.2 DIN/JIS threaded connections are allowed in lieu of seal welding. Slip-on flanges are acceptable. Spectacle blinds shall be supplied with gaskets. Oil Piping (Exception) Oil piping shall be in accordance with 32-SAMSS-013. 14.3 Instrument Piping One common instrument air supply connection shall be provided for each skid, with a minimum size of inch piping and valves. 15 Accessories 15.1 15.1.1 Couplings and Guards Flexible disc pack or diaphragm type couplings shall be supplied. Lubricated couplings are not acceptable. Couplings shall be rated for a
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

2.0 minimum torque service factor, and 0.50 minimum misalignment angle. Spacer couplings shall be supplied and shall have a minimum of 0.46 m (18 in) between flexible elements. For steam turbines of 8 MW and greater, the minimum spacer length shall be 24 inch. The spacer length shall be sufficient to permit removal of the turbine and driven equipment coupling hubs with the two machines in place. 15.1.2 Turbine shaft ends shall be tapered and hydraulic fit couplings shall be provided. Integral coupling hubs are also acceptable. Coupling guards for equipment in hydrocarbon service shall be of a nonsparking material (e.g., aluminum alloy). Coupling guards shall not be used as drain conduits or as substitutes for bearing housing drains but shall be kept oil free to the maximum extent possible. 15.1.10 15.3 15.3.2 All drawings furnished by the coupling manufacturer shall be furnished to the Buyer by the vendor responsible for the train. Mounting Plates Baseplates At least one raised lip grout hole (4 to 6 inches) in diameter shall be provided in each baseplate compartment; alternate designs which can be reviewed. These grout holes shall be accessible for grouting with the turbine and driven equipment mounted. Baseplates shall be covered with a smooth deckplate. All horizontal surfaces shall be coated with a non-slip paint. The baseplate design shall be such that no liquid pools will form on the surface. Drain-rim type baseplates shall be provided. Baseplates shall be constructed with full depth support members under all machinery feet. Relief Valves Steam turbines shall be protected against a blocked discharge by a Purchaser supplied relief valve. The turbine Vendor shall advise the steam flow rate for this valve based on turbine rated power produced with minimum steam inlet conditions and maximum turbine exhaust pressure. 15.5 15.5.3c Lubrication and Control Oil System The Turbine Vendor shall supply bearing drain, a control oil pressure
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

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gauge, and oil sight glass indicators. 15.5.4 15.5.5 15.6.1 15.7 15.7.1 (Exception) Lubrication and control oil systems shall be in accordance with 32-SAMSS-013, chapters 1 & 2. The required oil is ISO VG 46. Note that other viscosities are acceptable during shop test only. Other vacuum system designs are acceptable. Insulation and Jacketing Turbines shall be insulated with a reusable, woven fabric thermal insulation jacket. The Vendor shall provide all insulating materials, adequate anchors and fasteners to hold the insulation on the turbine surfaces, including flanges and split line bolting. The Vendor shall provide drawings or pattern of the insulation and jackets in sufficient detail to allow fabrication of anchors, fasteners and insulation fragments in the event that renewal becomes necessary. The insulation jacket shall be designed to prevent water from entering between the insulation and the turbine casing. Turning Gear A turning gear shall be provided when any of the following conditions are met: a) b) 15.8.7 Bearing span is 3 m or greater; Bearing span is 2.5 m or greater and normal steam inlet temperature is 440C or greater.

15.8 15.8.1

A turning gear operating station shall be furnished adjacent to the location of the turning gear engaging mechanism. The station shall have start and stop pushbuttons to activate the turning gear driver and a light indicating that the turning gear driver is operating.


Inspection, Testing and Preparation for Shipment 16.1 General The steam turbine shall be subject to inspection by the Buyer's inspection representative in accordance with the requirements specified in the referenced Form 175-320200. 16.1.4 A minimum of 14 calendar days advance notice shall be provided for any observed or witnessed testing.
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines

16.2 16.2.2

Inspection Material Inspection For fabricated casings, all longitudinal butt welds shall be 100% radiographed. All circumferential butt welds shall be radiographed as required by ASME SEC VIII D1, UW-51. All other pressure containing welds shall be magnetic particle examined. Finish machined surfaces shall be magnetic particle examined. Linear surface indications in excess of 1.5 mm on any machined surface are unacceptable. All cast turbine casings shall be examined, repaired if required in accordance with, and accepted, based on the requirements of ASME SEC VIII D1, Appendix 7. The first cast casing of each turbine type over 7,500 kW (10,000 HP) shall have all critical sections UTed. Castings shall be examined in accordance with the requirements of ASME SEC VIII D1, Appendix 7. UT is acceptable in lieu of Radiography. All blades shall be subjected to a wet fluorescent magnetic particle examination. For blades UT of raw material and PT (for non-magnetic material) in lieu of wet magnetic particle are acceptable. A heat stability test is required for shaft or rotor forgings having bearing spans of 2.5 m or greater for turbines with inlet temperatures in excess of 315C. The test shall be conducted after final heat treatment and stress relief of the forging. Shaft journals and at least three heat indication planes at disc locations shall be rough machined for the test. The test shall be considered successful if the forging shows no deviation from initial cold runout readings after having completed at least one heating and cooling cycle with a maximum metal temperature equal to or exceeding the rated inlet steam temperature. Other test standards may be used upon approval by SA.

16.3 16.3.3

Testing Mechanical Running Test For pressure lubrication systems, total oil flow rates shall be measured. The Vendor shall demonstrate the compatibility of the contract probes and his test stand readout equipment. If control systems are not available at shop test, then only overspeed trip device will be tested as part of the mechanical running test.
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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

32-SAMSS-010 Special Purpose Steam Turbines


Optional Tests and Inspections Post-Test Internal Inspection of Casing A post-test internal inspection shall be conducted only in the event of an unsatisfactory mechanical running test due to internal causes. If this inspection is conducted, all O-rings, gaskets and sealants shall be replaced.

16.4 16.4.1 16.4.3a

Preparation for Shipment All rotors shall be properly secured to prevent any axial or radial movement. (Exception) All exterior parts of the unit, except machined surfaces, shall be painted in accordance with the requirements specified in the Purchase Order. The paint coating type, number & thickness shall be specified. All loose materials and mill scale shall be removed from housings by blasting to Sa 2.5. Loose materials and mill scale on reservoirs, tanks, coolers, filters, bearing housings, piping, and other components with which the lube oil comes in contact shall be removed. Subsequently, these surfaces shall be coated with a wax based, solvent type, cold applied, water replacement type rust preventative steam soluble or oil soluble (whichever applicable) agent to form a protecting film that is readily removable by conventionally used solvents or degreasing methods. The rotor shall not be supported at the journals or probe track areas. Probe tracks shall be protected immediately after runout testing. Document for rotor balance shall be included. Suitable rubber sheeting, at least 9 mm thick shall be used between the rotor and the cradle at the support areas, or other protective means. Coupling hub has to be fully installed at vendor shop. Calcium chloride shall not be used as a desiccant. All piping and piping components shipped disassembled from their operating location shall be tagged indicating the line number, drawing number, item number and flange connection reference(s) to which the item must be assembled. Piping shall be fitted with end caps or equivalent method to prevent entry of debris. All instruments shipped disassembled from their operating location shall be tagged indicating the



16.4.3k 16.4.5 16.4.9

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Document Responsibility: Compressors, Gears and Steam Turbines Issue Date: 23 December 2009 Next Planned Update: 23 December 2014

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instrument tag number and drawing number which locate the installed position of the instruments. 17 Vendor's Information 17.1 General Manuals in searchable Adobe Acrobat file, with text in English language and printable electronic format shall be provided on CD's/DVD's plus three (3) hard copies. 17.2 17.2.1 Proposals All deviations and clarifications from this Specification shall be included in the list by the Vendor, in his quotation, and shall refer to the relevant paragraph numbers. Drawings The Vendor shall also supply a description and schematic of the turning gear system (if provided), inlet and induction / extraction valve servomotors, servomotor pilot valves, governor actuators, casing and steam chest insulation, casing supports with thermal growth allowance, diaphragm alignment and main casing and steam chest bolting. Vendor shall provide rotor assembly drawing with maintenance dimension data. Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Technical Data Manuals Operating and Maintenance Manual The operating and maintenance manual shall contain a checklist of conditions that must be met to start the unit. It shall include all settings of pressure switches, temperature switches, controllers, etc.

17.2.2 17.2.2f.

17.2.2g. 17.3.4

23 December 2009

Revision Summary Major revision.

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