Executive Summary

The purpose of this project to know that how Operation Management Strategies & Total Quality Management Strategies are made, implemented and how they impacts on the organization. For this purpose we selected McDonalds to obtain necessary data and its analysis. With the completion of this project we have learned that how Operations Management Strategies & TQM Strategies are implementing and its impacts on the organization. Operations Management Strategies plays very important role in achieving an organizational goals. By using these strategies an organization controls and maintains all its operations. So these should make after a comprehensive marketing analysis, according to capabilities and resources of an organization. Total Quality Management enables an organization to have improved products, high and competitive product environment and customer satisfaction Operations Management Strategies in McDonalds are being made by top management. These strategies are implements in all branches under instructions of top management, which are distributed to all branches in written form. So there are operations mangers in all branches that control all operational activities. These strategies impacts positively and helps to achieve the goals.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

1

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

2

Introduction to Project
The purpose of this project is to know how the Operation Management Strategies and Quality Management Strategies occur in Fast-food sector, especially in McDonalds, and how these strategies are implemented. The basic Operations Management Strategies are:1. Design of goods and services 2. Managing quality 3. Process strategy 4. Location strategy 5. Layout 6. Human resource 7. Supply chain management 8. Inventory management 9. Scheduling 10. Maintenance Some features of quality management strategies are: 1. Product Quality 2. Training 3. Continuous Improvement 4. Customer Satisfaction So we will analyze how these strategies are being implemented in McDonalds.

Methodology
In this project we studied all the above mentioned operational strategies and tried to get the theme of these strategies. Also got some information from internet and then by analyzing the base of these strategies we implemented our knowledge in practical working environment of the organization i.e. McDonalds.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

3

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

4

From day one, McDonald’s believed in forging new opportunities. The same holds true today, and it’s this kind of philosophy that will launch your career. For starters, Ray Kroc, our founder and inspiration, parlayed exclusive distribution rights of an innovative milkshake maker into the first-ever franchise in Des Plaines, Illinois.

Later, Ronald McDonald proved another huge idea from a set of wonderful folks. Introduced in his first TV appearance, Ronald became recognized as “the smile known around the world.” Today, he is as recognized as Santa Claus. In yet another example of empowered big-thinking, franchisee Jim Delligatti invented the Big Mac and changed hamburgers forever. As you can see, broad vision, big ideas, and a family of great people fuel our success. It’s true, new employees today are our leaders tomorrow.

McDonald's a Global Phenomenon
Formed in 1954, McDonald's brand is the leading global foodservice retailer with more than 30,000 local restaurants serving nearly 50 million people in more than 120 countries each day. The rich history began with founder Ray Kroc's strong foundation. McDonald's vision and commitment of our talented executives is to keep the shine on McDonald's arches for years to come.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

5

McDonald's in Pakistan
Aiming to be the world's best quick service restaurant experience, McDonald's started its operations in Pakistan in September 1998 and is a leading fast food service retailer for its valued customers. With a strong belief in the phrase when it's green it's growing. McDonald's Pakistan is growing with the focus to provide friendly and quick service experience to our customers. Today millions of Pakistanis place their trust in McDonald’s everyday to provide them with food of a very high standard as well as good service. In the past five years, the response to McDonalds coming to Pakistan has been overwhelming. Today Lakson Group Companies has taken over McDonalds Corporation, USA and a local partner making it a 100% owned and operated Pakistani company. McDonalds located in Pakistan are currently employing about 3,000 Pakistanis and each store is managed by Pakistani managers. They have also contributed in other ways than food service. McDonalds has investment of over Rs. 30 billion in the country and payment of taxes and duties amounting to more than Rs 10 billion Since McDonalds is doing so well in Pakistan they will continue to grow and add more stores in more cities in the future.

The Team
To realize the McDonald's service vision, we believe in strengthening our team and ensure to deliver the right skills and knowledge to the right person for getting the right job. Our strength for making our strong team players to shine under the Golden Arches lies in the People Promises, we focus to deliver:

McDonald's 5 People Promises
1. Resources Recognition 2. Values Leadership Behaviors 3. Competitive Pay Benefits 4. Learning Development Personal Growth 5. Resources to get the Job Done

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

6

McDonald's Mission
McDonald's mission is to be our customers' favorite place and way to eat with inspired people who delight each customer with unmatched quality, service, cleanliness and value every time ...we invite you to be the part of this winning team and give yourself an opportunity to grow with the family of people striving to create smiles on the faces of millions of people everyday.

Management Development Program
McDonald's Management Development Program provides with an opportunity to develop your knowledge base with hands on practical exposure to turn into a diversified business entrepreneur. And with the recent job openings McDonald's welcome you to the world of opportunities under the golden arches!!!

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

7

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

8

Operations Management in McDonalds
From our research we came up with the following operation management strategies being implemented by McDonalds: • • • • • • • Goods & Service Design Quality Location Selection Layout Design Human Resource Supply Chain Management Maintenance

The McDonald has the above stated strategies out of the 10 OM strategies. These are explained as under:

Goods & Service Design
The tangible goods and intangible services are provided by McDonalds and the homogeneity is maintained globally. The goods and services are provided on in a package that’s why the company lies in 50% in goods production side and 50% in service providers. In Pakistan the same level of services is offered by McDonalds, compared to international level.

Strategies
a) Advertisement: McDonalds implements this strategy by making aware people about their products and services through advertising on TV, newspapers, brochure. b) Customers Relationship: The personals of customer relationship department convince the people and customers about services.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

9

Results
1. Inside the McDonalds: a) Achieving Objectives: By implementing this strategy McDonalds is achieving its objectives, i.e. it’s earns profit, customers are satisfying, and the services offered to customers sharing in revenue growth of the country. So it helps to make further plans, strategies, making strengths, expansion of franchises etc. b) Business Development: As customers become attractive therefore McDonalds opens new branches. So it helps in expansion of business. 2. Outside the Organization: Improving social life: These strategies are improving quality of life as well as the social and environmental awareness in general public.

Quality
The company really maintains its product quality. A lot of expenditure is made in the quality maintenance and improvement researches. McDonalds maintains the following quality rules: • Maintaining strict standards of quality and safety, so that the customers can feel comfortable fitting any of the food products into their personal eating styles. • • • • Serving a variety of nutritious, high-quality food products and portion sizes, including new salad, fruit, and vegetable offerings and Happy Meal choices. Providing nutrition information to help customers make smart choices that address their individual lifestyle needs. Informing the customers about energy balance and fun, practical ways to incorporate physical activity into their everyday lives. Motivating kids to be active by engaging Ronald McDonald as ambassador for play and activity.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

10

Sponsoring major sports competitions, including the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup soccer matches.

Location Selection
Generally it has been observed that McDonald follows the different locations and outlets according to the specific area.

Strategies
McDonalds makes and implement its location strategy in following way: a) Business Areas: They open their branches in business areas where they target the corporate people and the working class to dine in and have their timeout for breakfast and lunch. b) Play Lands and Shopping Areas: They try to introduce their services according to target customers, i.e. capture the customers in the amusement parks and in markets such as the branch in Fortress Stadium, Model Town link road etc.

Results
a) Convenience: Customers feel comfort ability when a branch is in near vicinity to their work place. b) Customer Gaining: Due to the good environment the company has an ability to gain their customers to their locations.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

11

Layout Design
This strategy refers to the overall working and general environment offered by McDonalds. It includes the personnel level, service and product layout, interiors and exteriors etc.

Strategies
a) Exterior: McDonalds sets its premises in proper manner to handle any number of customers easily. The building design is standard world wide but it may be have some difference in size or in exterior according to the location. It enables them to save time, satisfy their customers, comfortable environment for both employees and customers. b) Interior: McDonalds uses the same interior pattern as it’s used internationally. It may vary according to the premises size.

Results
a) Brand Recognition: Homogeneity in layout design and franchise settings strikes a clear brand image in the minds of the customers. The efficiency level of personnel also leaves a good impression on the minds. b) Customer Satisfaction: Through a universal image, layout design and the brand image in the minds of customers results in customer satisfaction.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

12

Human Resource
Being partially in pure services and goods production sector, McDonalds exercises a good strategy for its human resources e.g. Right Person on Right Job: McDonalds allocates its human resource in different areas according to the abilities, qualifications and experiences of employees. They appoint a marketing expert for marketing, accountant for accounts etc. Trainings: McDonalds provide training opportunities for its employees who need training in a particular area. So it enables the organization to achieve its goals efficiently. Separate Departments for Different Functions: McDonalds has different departments for different functions. Marketing department consists of marketing experts who perform marketing analysis and finance department consists of finance experts who arrange and manage finance etc. Proper Utilization of Resources: As there are many experts in different areas, so they use all available resources and opportunities properly. They provide services to their customers efficiently, which satisfies customers and they achieve their goals successfully. Employee’s Job Satisfaction: McDonalds provides training opportunities to its employees to improve their skills. So it results in enhanced employee performance and they become more interested to work in good manner, which gives a good reputation to the organization. Competency: McDonalds trains it’s employees of all departments to enhance their capabilities and to improve their skills and therefore employees provide right product

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

13

to right customers on right time. So it enables the organization to compete in the market.

Supply Chain Management
These strategies determine what is to be made and what is to be purchased. So McDonalds follow these strategies and have a just-in-time inventory system. Which means that the orders are placed as the raw material comes to near finish. McDonalds maintain no inventory levels for perishable goods. Suppliers The major suppliers of McDonald’s in Pakistan are as follows: • • • • • Dawn Breads for Buns Choudhry Dairy Limited for dairy products Walls Ice Cream Coca-Cola Ltd. for drinks Pakages for packing

Maintenance
The overall maintenance process of McDonalds is that they emphasize on the maintenance of the product quality, the human resources used within the organization, its location and layout designs. They train their employees of all department6s regarding their job, so they can handle their customer and work as well which helps to maintain their status quotas. McDonalds is among the companies which are partially involved in the production of goods and

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

14

services, so a proper maintenance system within the organization strengthens the goodwill and reputation.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

15

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

16

Total Quality Management
Management of an entire organization so that it excels in all aspects of products and services that is important to the customer. In simple words we can narrate total quality management as a continuous quality improvement process. So McDonalds also practice the strategy of total quality management and tries to enhance its efficiency & affectivity level by working in different areas such as continuous improvement, quality of goods and services, training, and customer satisfaction.

Product Quality
The ability of a product or service to meet customer’s needs is termed as quality. Therefore McDonalds works a lot in the quality improvement of its goods by improving ingredients and nutrients of the food stuff. Some recent nutrient’s quality improvement information is as under: • For people concerned about food allergies, we have consolidated all allergen information into the ingredient statement for each menu item so that you have one current source of information. Please check these listings regularly as ingredients in menu items may change.

Popular kid’s meal choices:
• • Happy Meals Mighty Kids Meals

The nutrition information is derived from testing conducted in accredited laboratories, published resources, or from information provided from McDonald’s suppliers. The nutrition information is based on standard product formulations and serving sizes. All nutrition information is based on average values for ingredients from McDonald’s suppliers throughout the world. Variation in serving sizes, preparation techniques, product testing and sources of supply, as well as regional and seasonal differences may affect the nutrition values for each product. None of our products are certified as vegetarian. This information is correct as of January 2007.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

17

Training
In the next step of TQM, McDonalds puts it attention on its human resources. The objective of training their human resources is to create a balance in the overall working of employees. Thus they try to create a connection between the quality of a product and the ability of the employees. In McDonalds nearly every employee is given training for its work. e.g. the cashier is trained for all the cash handling, floor manager is polished against his degree in hotel management. And all the other staff is trained accordingly.

Continuous Improvement
The quality management strategies of McDonalds for product quality improvement and employee training and development put the company on the road of continuous improvement in all its functions. Continuous improvements fulfill the needs of the customers according to their desires or requirements and also make its products more competitive. This continuous improvement also includes some other factors like employee empowerment, benchmarking a quality standard & maintaining just in time inventory system etc.

Customer Satisfaction
McDonalds pays a lot of attention on the satisfaction level of its customers. The improved quality standards, well trained employees and a continuous learning desire of McDonalds results in increased level of satisfaction of the customers. Like when the quality is improved and the personnel attending the customers is well trained and the overall service environment is improved then there is no room left for customer dis-satisfaction.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

18

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

19

After the analysis of our project regarding the application of Ten OM Decision and TQM we have concluded our report as under: • • • • • McDonalds is maintaining its product quality according to the international standards The customization of the product and services according to the culture of Pakistan has resulted in customer satisfaction McDonalds has properly covered the business areas with in cities e.g. Lahore McDonalds maintains a good environment in every premise. McDonalds has a learning environment for employee development and customer satisfaction.

Suggestions
In the end of our report we have following suggestions: • • • • McDonalds should revise its product prices. Company should work on all of its products There is still a lot of opportunities for McDonalds to increase number of outlets McDonalds in Pakistan should follow its international trend of sponsoring mega events e.g. Domestic Cricket Tournaments.

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

20

References:
www.mcdonalds.com www.mcdonalds.com.pk www.answers.com/what_is_TQM

Bibliography
Operations Management by Jay Heizer & Barry Render 7th Edition

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

21

By Naveed Aslam Gondal

22

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful