# 1.

SOLID STATE
HOMEWORK SOLUTION
1. Given :
a
=
408.7 pm
=
408.7 x 10–12 m
=
408.7 x 10–12 x 100 cm
=
408.7 x 10–12 cm
Atomic mass (M) =
108

3. Given :
d
=
At. wt =

Formula :

ZM

=

NA.a3

=

(

6.022 × 1023 × 408.7 × 10

)

432

d

=

Solution :
z
=

ZM
NA.a3
4

(f.c.c.)

3

6.022 × ( 408.7 ) × 10 23 × 10–30

=

432

=

6.022 × 6.827 × 107 × 10–7

=

432
41.112

=
=

19.3 g/cm3
197

–10 3

a3

d

0.525

Formula :

4 × 108

(For f.c.c., z = 4)
=

=

To Find :

Solution :
d

0.95
1.81

As the radius ratio lies in the range of 0.414 –
0.732 the coordination number of Na+ ion is 6
and geometry is octahedral.

To Find :
Density of silver (d)

d

=

=

10.5 g/cm3

Ans : Density of silver is 10.5 g/cm3
2. Given :
rNa+ =
0.95 A0
rCl– =
1.81 A0
Solution :

r

=

Cl −

4 × 197
6.022 × 10 23 × 19.3
788
116.2 × 10 23

=

788 × 10–23
116.2

=

6.781 × 10–23

a3

=

67.81 × 10–24

a

=

3

Na +

r

ZM
NA.d

=

67.81 × 10 –24

1

AL  log 67.81  × 10–8
3

Solid State

6103] × 10–8 a = 4.8 × 10–10 = 4 8.388 = 3.077 × 10 –8 2. of unit cells × Z = 3.828 r = 1.44 × 10–8 cm = 4.8 g ∴ Atomic mass of the element = 51.023 × 1023 unit cells No.023 × 1023 × 2 (For b.92 × 6.92 g/cm3 To Find : M a 3 d = (288 x 10–10) 2.22 2.831 × 10 –8 3  = AL [0.077 × 10–8 8 4.8 pm 360.8 g (∵ 6.22 × 10 23 2.c.62 Ans : Atomic mass of copper is 66.C.) d NA.046 × 10 23 = 51.C.44 × 10–8 cm Ans : Atomic radius of gold is 1.022 × 10 23 × 360.62.c.2 7. Z = 2) = 6. of unit cells = 7. = ) 3 .022 × 1023 atoms will present in xg = 52 7.046 × 1023 atoms present in 52 g ∴ 6.92 × 6.383 x 107 x 10–30 Solution : 2. Given : a = = = d = 360. of atoms = No.a3 4 (f.046 × 1023 atoms 6.388 × 10 –23 ZM NA.a3 Z ( 8. Given : a = = = d = 288 pm 288 x 10–12 m 288 x 10–10 cm 7.023 × 4. ∴ a = = 8r 4.c.8 x 10–12 m 360.383 x 10–23 cm3 z = Mass = Density M = = Solid State x 3 = = ∴ Formula : Volume of 52g of element No.8 x 10–10 cm 8.022 × 10 23 × 52 6.696 × 107 × 10 –7 4 M = 66.Mahesh Tutorials Science 2 = 1  AL  × 1.22 cm3 Volume of crystal Volume of 1 unit cell 7.2 g/cm3 To Find : i) Number of atoms present in 52g of element ii) Atomic mass (M) Solution : Volume of unit cell = = = = = 6.077 × 10–8 cm For F.c.022 × 1023 atoms are present in atomic mass of element) 5.

76  × 10–8 3  = 1  AL  × 1. Given : Ans : Atomic radius of metal is 144.6 × 10 23 6.a3 4r a = Solution : 3 a3 = = = = = ZM NA.c.C. of octahedral voids No. of Al+3 ions Ratio of no.732 4.022 × 1023 × 19. ∴ Let the no.c.876 × 10–23 a = 4 × 1.448 × 10–8 cm cause it has got repeated.828 The solution is same as that of Q. of O–2 ions Formula Aluminium oxide 7.8 pm M = 197 9. NA.273 × 10–8 cm Ans : Edge length of unit cell is 4.85 × 10–8 cm To Find : To Find : r a Formula : Formula : ZM d = For b.8 × 10–10 cm = 144.85 × 10 –8 1.d (Z = 4) Solution : = 4 × 197 6. Al2O3 ∴ a = ∴ r = To Find : r 8r a 8 4.096 × 10 –8 2.03 = 788 114.03 g/cm3 r = 1.76 × 10 –24 = AL [0. No.85 × 10–8 3 4 × 1.8 pm 8.) = 144. of O–2 ions No.3 g/cm3 197 68.C.876 × 10–24 a = 3 = 1  AL  log 68.273 × 10–8 cm Solid State .837  × 10 –8 3   2x = x 3 = = ∴ x x 2 3 = 19. Given : d = 19. Given : d = M = ∴ a3 = 6.096 × 10–8 cm For F.3 Mahesh Tutorials Science 6.6123] × 10–8 a = 4. 3 ber = 1. of Al+3 = = 2 = × x 3 ions to no.

So it Density of crystal is 1 CsCl particle present) = 11. of unit cells per edge = 3 1 × 168.1 × 10 –10 a3 NA .1 x 10–10 cm Cs and Cl = 133 and 35.Mahesh Tutorials Science 4 10.022 × 10 23 × 6.5 Formula : To Find : i) No.5 6. wt.5 ( 6.5 = 168.1 pm 412. of unit cells 3 5. . of unit cells = = 133 + 35.022 × 10 4 × 58.5 = = 2 d ÷ 2 ZM ÷ a3 = = 3 2 × NA.5 42.a3 Solid State NA.5 6. Volume of crystal Volume of 1 unit cell No. Given : a = = = Atomic mass of spectively.147 × 1021 unit cells Total no.726 × 107 412.5 = = = = 23 = 5.147 × 10– 2 × 1023 = 5. Given : Z = M = 4 To Find : d 58.998 × 107 × 10–30 168.1 x 10–12 m 412.5 re- d ) 3 168. ZM = Total no. of unit cells present in 2g of crystal ii) No.022 × 6.147 × 10 21 1.a3 Z = 1 Mass of crystal ÷ a3 (As there is 1Cs+ ion and Cl– ion present .14 = 4 g/cm3 Ans : The density of cesium chloride is 4g/cm3. of unit cells = (No.998 × 10 23 × 10 –23 = 168.a 1 × 3 ZM a = 2 × 6. of unit cells along each edge of crystal Solution : d Solution : Mol.022 × 10 23 × 412. of unit cell per edge)3 ∴ No.