The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
Volume 94, Issue 6 October 7, 2013


Ionic liquids capture carbon dioxide.

Features 6

Learn to make peanut chicken.

Women’s soccer continues to dominate conference competitors in a match against CCU. Read more on page 10.



Advances in petroleum modeling
John Bristow Staff Writer
pressure to give a general and accurate insight into the system. Kacewicz did his best to display Dr. Marek Kacewicz of the a current system while running Chevron Energy Technology Com- through the multitude of factors pany spoke about the development that needed to be considered, of petroleum systems modeling, highlighting each for the audience. The fundamental principle of from some of the early stages, to the present day, while addressing petroleum systems modeling is the some of his personal goals and interdisciplinary connections that wishes for the future. As he put it, are needed to make a model work. Kacewicz was sure petroleum systems modeling is “an in- T h e f u n d a m e n t a l to highlight what d i s c i p l i n e s w e re tegration of geological disciplines principle of petroleum needed to advance a stage of the modto basically evalua t e s e d i m e n t a r y s y s t e m s m o d e l i n g eling throughout the presentation. basins.” A majority “Most [modelof the work done by is... interdisciplinary ers] come from one Kacewicz focuses connections. discipline and learn over a broad slate some others,” statof time scales and regional scenarios. Kacewicz was ed Kacewicz, and there was no introduced to the crowd as a long- doubt that communication was vetted member of the modeling key to good work. The laundry list community, and while he did not of backgrounds listed off echoed start out as a geologist, his back- of a department list for the school, ground in mathematics helped him among the more necessary were focus in on the technical issues seismic analysis, sedimentology, facing the development of model- geochemistry, rock mechanics, and petrophysics. As the disciing systems. While unconventional systems plines have worked together to would be discussed in the question further modeling, positive benefits and answer portion of the lecture, have developed. Kacewicz proved the primary target of the presen- this by saying, “From ten years ago tation focused on the sediment to today, there has been a change compaction and the evolution of in definition of what we can get.” Another driving force behind the porosity and permeability through time in typical sedimentary basins. development of petroleum systems Those traits are then analyzed modeling is a progressive increase alongside factors such as the in computing, from old school maturation of the source rocks, machines to the high performance hydrocarbon volumes, and pore computing and cloud functions of today. Kacewicz started by blissfully recalling some of the lost benefits of old technology. When displaying a slide of an old Cray machine, Kacewicz jocundly revealed, “They were better than laptops because you [could] sit on them in order to think things through.” The separation of man from machine and even machine from office building would be the eventual direction of the history of the modeling machines. Kacewicz then focused on the necessary steps, or layers according to his diagram, that one had to progress through to come to a solution. They are, as Kacewicz put bluntly, “what you have to go through to do petroleum systems modeling.” The progression of the steps was linear, working through data integration, seismic inversion and interpretation, process description, mesh interpretation and numerical solvers, and finally calibration, uncertainty and risk. These steps are bolstered by high performance computing and security, the latter of which was revealed to be crucial as the art of petroleum systems modeling is put into the realm of cloud computing. Kacewicz went through each facet of the process and discussed the current state of the step, as well as where it is going and how close it is to being there. For data integration it was simple, what was needed is “flawless communication between tools and between disciplines.” Kacewicz was hopeful for the future, but with some disdain he revealed that they were still not at that point. For data interpretation and seismic inversions, Kacewicz revealed one of the most remarkable bits of technology that was used. “We decided that there are some systems that are so complicated that we want to see them in three dimensions,” announced Kacewicz. What came from that was revealed to be a room where modelers could inspect three dimensional grids and move them around in real space with the use of special goggles and gloves. Towards the future, interpretation still has lacking elements. Kacewicz highlighted the need for better understanding of both salt and sediment evolution as well as the properties of the source rocks. In terms of his process for interpretation, Kacewicz was frank, saying, “If I don’t get back what is in the well, I go back to the model and I change the transforms.” This has proven to be especially important in terms of faults; if there is an interpreted fault but the data doesn’t match what is modeled, there is something wrong with the fault interpretation. Process description on the other hand was described as a much simpler step. It entails being able to have data resolution at all useful levels in such a way that connections can be made between the involved disciplines. Continued at Petroleum on page 3.

Volleyball goes undefeated in three matches.

Opinion 11

Minds at Mines asks about elements.



Schrodinger takes exam, passes and fails.

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october 7, 2013

Arnaud Filliat, Copy Editor

London, England - A new study shows that mental health issues among 509 British youth were reduced to 33% following two 90-minute group therapy sessions. Nineteen schools in London participated in the study which also included a control group in which students did not receive any intervention.

Princeton University and University of Michigan- A new method developed by researchers called “in silico nano-dissection” uses computers to separate and identify genes from specific cell types. The team used this new method to identify genes expressed in cells called podocytes that often malfunction in kidney disease. They showed that certain patterns of activity of these genes correlated with the severity of the kidney disease.

East China Normal University Shanghai, China - According to a new study published in Brain, the left and right hemispheres of Albert Einstein’s brain were unusually well connected to each other and may have contributed to his brilliance. The study was the first to detail Einstein’s corpus callosum, the brain’s largest bundle of fibers that connects the two hemispheres.

University of Electro-Communications - Chofu, Japan Astronomers recently discovered a large hot cocoon around a small baby star. The observed hot cloud around the start is about ten times larger than those found around typical baby stars. These hot molecular clouds are often called “hot cores” and have temperatures of -160 degrees Celsius, which is approximately 100 degrees hotter than normal molecular clouds.

Oredigger Staff
Deborah Good Editor-in-Chief Emily McNair Managing Editor Taylor Polodna Design Editor Connor McDonald Webmaster Lucy Orsi Business Manager Arnaud Filliat Copy Editor Katerina Gonzales Content Manager Jared Riemer Content Manager Karen Gilbert Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world
James Davis, Staff Writer
The United States government has officially shut down. The recent failure to pass a national budget has forced a closure of many government services including national parks and monuments. Federal loan, passport, and permit services are frozen until further notice. Many government workers and military service men and women will retain their salaries, but approximately 800,000 nonessential workers were let go. Japan’s nuclear power plant, Fukushima Daiichi, has leaked radioactive waste water into the ocean due to employee error. In response to the most recent typhoon, workers attempted to redirect the rainwater into one of the cooling tanks. Miscalculation of the tank’s remaining volume caused an overflow, leaking approximately 300 tons of radioactive waste water into the ocean. Irish Health Minister Dr. Reilly has declared that Ireland plans to be tobacco-free by 2025. Ireland will enact a series of restrictions over the next twelve years to limit the purchasing of tobacco products. Approximately 22% of people over the age of 15 in Ireland smoke regularly; officials hope to reduce this number to 5% by the year 2025. Washington law enforcement shot and killed a woman after her attempted break-in at the White House. The woman had a one year old passenger as she drove over short barriers on a road towards the White House. The driver was then shot dead just outside the Hart Senate office building. A secret service member and a capitol police veteran were injured. The child was reportedly unharmed. Indonesia’s Chief Justice, Akil Mochtar, was arrested for bribery charges. Indonesia’s most recent graft charge is thought to be connected to questionable results in a district election. Mochtar is the third government official to be taken in this year. Investigations continue to look into five additional subjects linked to the crime. Sasquatch researchers claim to have new evidence proving the existence of Bigfoot. Dr. Melba Ketchum, leader of the Sasquatch Genome Project, reported that her group has collected over 100 pieces of evidence in the past five years. Ketchum and her group have analyzed over 113 DNA samples, all pointing to the existence of a unique North American biped. The Palestinian Fatwa Council legalized online dating. Being an unexplored concept, Palestinian authorities emphasize that the use of online dating is for marriage purposes only. No pictures or personal details of women can be shared, and women cannot create an account without explicit permission from their family. Despite this new freedom, many predict that few will use the internet as a place to connect for marriage, with many families sticking with traditional customs.

Local News
Navy defeated Air Force 2810 on Saturday. Keenan Reynolds ran for 126 yards and had 3 touchdowns. Originally, the game was cancelled due to the U.S. government shutdown, but the Department of Defense allowed the game to continue on schedule since it was funded by non-appropriated money. The game drew a record crowd of 38,225 to Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium. Denver police charged 66-year-old Wayne Sperling and 35-year-old Lorinda Bailey with multiple counts of felony child abuse. The couple took a 2-year-old to the emergency room with a cut on the head. The child smelled of cigarette smoke and was nonverbal, which prompted doctors to call police. When police went to the house, they found three other children who were developmentally delayed, malnourished, and nonverbal. Colorado Springs police say an accidental gunshot injured two people. Joseph Gunderson accidentally shot himself in the hand with a 9mm handgun. The bullet then hit his roommate in the arm and side. The injuries were non-life threatening. Gunderson faces charges of prohibited use of a weapon. Commerce City Police Officer Robert Price was acquitted of a felony charge of animal cruelty. In December 2012, the officer responded to a call about a loose dog. After police shocked the dog with a taser multiple times, they shot it. The case got national attention when a neighbor’s video of the shooting was released.








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october 7, 2013

Petroleum system models Rocket science Continued from page 1 an awesome field
John Bristow Staff Writer
Although it is a much more technical step, Kacewicz devoted a large amount of time to working through dynamic meshing. The key for the meshing process is to determine if hydrocarbons can find their way to a location in the subsurface. Since part of the modeling involves the release of hydrocarbons from their sources, the pathways that become apparent through the meshing are essential for model based exploration. Just as it has been a key word for Van Tuyl lectures in the past, complexity reared its face in meshing. “If you miss the complexity of the system, it is not good,” explained Kacewicz. In opposition to the complexity, it is also necessary to have fast solutions to evaluate a model as it evolves. Kacewicz finished up with the meshing portion by explaining the necessity for powerful processing in meshing. Where a slow system is easy to model through the meshing, fast systems are laborious and need top of the line machines. The last major step of petroleum systems design involved a tough question and a more difficult answer. Kacewicz asked, “How do we handle uncertainties?” For the modeling procedure, uncertainties are dealt with by creating maps that indicate the probability that hydrocarbons exist in a given location. The lecture continued with a also discussion on security. At the bit of humor, as he put up a slide beginning of the year Kacewicz of some extremely complex math- had some concern from some of ematics. “I would like you to mem- his colleagues over who may be orize this one,” grinned Kacewicz, looking at data online. “Who knows “It is not very easy.” who is looking at these things,” As he had alluded earlier in the Kacewicz reminisced, “Oh wait, lecture, the end was devoted to here is the NSA.” discussing high powered computBefore questions, the future of ing and security. While most of the petroleum systems modeling was people in the lecture were geosci- brought up one last time. Kacewicz entists, there was wants to see more a sense of amaze- “I have a statistically progression in adment as Kacewicz vanced seismic inwalked through the meaningful sample of version to the point design of several of it could be projects I have been where his computing sysdone real time, so tems. Part of his part of, maybe one that drilling results work is devoted could be seen to to optimizing the thousand... or two... or build immediate software to best subsurface modutilize the machinels. three.” ery. Hearkening The focus of the back to the equations from earlier, question and answer portion was Kacewicz described the process devoted to linking modern petroof designing arrays that could pull leum systems modeling to other in the variables and equations and disciplines and tasks. The ability for output them in a timely matter. That the models to be done on geotherlead directly into the discussion mal systems was one of the major on cloud computing as a power- points brought up, a concern that ful force in the future. Kacewicz’s Kacewicz dealt with by explaining hope was that in the future both how they were very much related. large and small petroleum shops The question of the most key unwill be able to use the same mate- certainty was also brought up and rial to both side’s advantage. “It is revealed to be calculating subsurnot just a question of storing data, face velocities. Kacewicz displayed but a question of computing on some concern over the variables other’s systems,” Kacewicz said but also stated with confidence his with pride, “Instead of developing ability to know what was going on, things ourselves, we can connect “I have a statistically meaningful it with others.” Since cloud com- sample of projects I have been part puting was mentioned as being of, maybe one thousand... or two... important to the future, there was or three.”

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Jordan Francis Staff Writer

Ionic liquids more efficient
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
The world needs clean energy. At some point in the future, carbon dioxide emissions may rise to dangerous levels, and scientists and engineers are working vigorously to find a practical solution to that issue. Edward Maginn from the University of Notre Dame currently runs a project investigating the properties of the relatively new substance “ionic liquids” and how developing new materials for energy and environmental problems can be done through molecular simulation. The ultimate goal is to develop a substance that can be used throughout the energy sector to foster greater efficiency. The main reason renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power cannot be used for transportation is the lack of good storage technology. With more advanced battery carrying capacities it may be feasible to harness naturally occurring energy for upscale use, but only with the help of new materials such as ionic liquids. Whether that may be improving old cooling and ventilation technology, which subsequently accounts for over 20-25% of all total energy consumption, or capturing CO2 gas emissions and adding energy to reverse the combustion chemical reaction, the possibilities for ionic liquids knows no bounds. An ionic liquid is basically a salt in liquid form, with a maximum melting point of 100 de-

After many years of long and difficult study, engineers can take comfort in the fact that they can be rewarded with a cool job, such as one in the field of rocket science. Companies like ATK allow engineers and others to combine their knowledge of math and science to the practical use of launching rockets and other crafts into atmosphere and outer space. As Dr. Janica Cheney, the Safety and Mission Assistance Director of ATK’s Defense and Commercial division explained, rocket science largely involves a combination of the principles of Physics and Chemistry combined with a fair bit of practical testing. As Dr. Cheney put it, working with and designing spacecraft requires a basic knowledge of Newton’s Laws (particularly the first law), energetic material, basic Chemistry, and energy diagrams in relation to energetic material. Newton’s third law, for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, is the principle that allows the solid rocket motor basis to work. Newton’s first law allows the rocket to overcome gravity and air resistance and the second law allows rocket scientists to calculate the necessary forces required for the rocket to perform as intended. Rocket scientists also need to understand energetic material which has a “high amount of internally stored chemical energy that

can be released on demand without atmospheric oxygen.” Dr. Cheney also pointed out, if engineers can figure out how to get an “oxygenhydrogen reaction out of the vehicle in a fast and efficient way to overcome…inertia…that would be a game-changer for space.” The general considerations for energetic material include a need for high density, which can be achieved through high symmetry and increased cyclization, high heat of formation, an oxygen balance to carbon dioxide and water, and a low average molecular weight of the gas products. In terms of basic chemistry, rocket scientists need to know the energy required to break metalmetal bonds, passive oxidation of expelled material, and how to make a very energetic reaction. They also need to understand how energy diagrams relate to energetic material so they can calculate and anticipate activation energy and hazard sensitivity as well as potential energy and energetic material performance. Rocket fuel reactions usually require a large change in enthalpy, which can be achieved with materials that have a high atomic weight and bonds between electronegative chemicals. Dr. Cheney ended the presentation with some examples and explanations of the technologically impressive spacecraft that rocket scientists get to be partially responsible for creating and a reminder that sitting through years of study and hard work is most definitely worth the reward.

grees Celsius. Maginn’s goals are cyanamide, which has a melting for projects primarily focused on point of -21 degrees Celsius. generating a fully predictive modThis compound was created el for the properties of a certain through delocalizing the electric material. While based in chemical charge and adding asymmetry to science, Maginn stated his plan the bond structure to complicate was not to focus on basic state how the molecules pack together. equations or rudimentary infor- Maginn noted that, “the compumatics such as quantitative struc- tations told us how to find the ture-property relationship analy- solutions.” When Maginn and his sis (QSPR ). Instead, the plan of team of professors and graduattack is to come up with an ideal ate students developed these ionic liquid and examine differ- ionic liquids, they sent out mulent chemical properties through tiple samples to labs all around the use of molecular simulations the globe to test the exact same and the power properties of computer The possibilities for the they were processing. testing. Magchemical structure of One major asinn said, “The pect of Maginn’s ionic liquids range over a data mostly research was lines up,” and going through Maginn was million different quantum chemiable to verify cal calculations combinations and permu- his concluand utilizing sions about electro-structure tations to create a single the properties methods. Howof a certain ionic liquid. ever, not all of ionic soluthese numerical tion. One of analyses can be applied to fully the most useful applications of understand ionic liquids. ionic liquids is using them as a There are several key advan- solvent to absorb CO2 in a posttages that ionic liquids possess combustion reaction. The chemiover other substances. First, cal reaction can be reversed and ionic liquids are nonvolatile and the gases can be rendered inert are therefore very safe to use in by adding energy to the ionic an industrial settings. Second, solution. Maginn explained, “All ionic liquids conduct electricity thermodynamics requires is a sigvery well. The possibilities for the nificant amount of energy.” Howchemical structure of ionic liq- ever, through the development uids range over a million different of new ionic liquids, the parasitic combinations and permutations energy consumption of scrubbing to create a single ionic liquid. CO2 emissions can be reduced, One of the newest ionic liquids is making the process more eco1-ethyl 3-methylimidazolium di- nomically viable.

Continued from page 2
Arnaud Filliat Copy Editor
Princeton University and University of Michigan - Princeton, New Jersey and Ann Arbor, Michigan They also demonstrated that their computer-based approach was more accurate than existing methods at identifying cell lineage specific genes.Using the method on kidney biopsy samples the researchers identified 136 genes and showed that two of these genes are able to cause kidney disease. The computational method can be used for cells other than those found in the kidney suggesting that the method could be useful for identifying genes for a range of diseases. East China Normal University - Shanghai The researchers’ technique measures and color-codes the varying thicknesses of subdivisions. These thicknesses indicate how many nerves cross and how connected the two hemispheres of the brain are. The team’s findings indicate that Einstein had more extensive connections between parts of his cerebral hemispheres when compared to both younger and older control groups. University of Electro-Communications - Chofu, Japan The large size of the cloud shows that more energy is being emitted from the central baby star than normal. According to the researchers this may be due to the higher mass infall rate, or multiplicity of the central baby star. These results indicate that their is a large diversity in the star formation process. London England Students were evaluated to ascertain their risk of developing mental health issues or substance abuse problems. The two sessions of interventions included cognitive behavioural strategies for managing their life and the groups discussed their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours. After the interventions students completed questionnaires every few months that allowed researchers to establish the development of depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and suicidal thoughts. According to the study there was a significant improvement between the control group and the intervention group. The teenagers reported 33 percent less mental health issues with only two 90 minute interventions.

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Orediggers show fun school spirit
Elizabeth Starbuck McMillan Staff Writer
Students and faculty came together on the Saturday morning of Homecoming for the first annual Oredigger Challenge. The morning started off a bit chilly, but the air was thick with anticipation. As soon as the Mines Activity Council blew the whistle, the teams were off. The first round consisted of six challenges: balancing an egg on a stationary football, followed by a rather messy gummy bear flour excavation, then putting on a frozen t-shirt, passing a lifesaver with a straw, trivia, and finally students and faculty put their engineering skills to the test and had to build a water bottle tower. One team of professors came prepared with goggles for the gummy bear and flour and blow torches for melting their frozen tshirt, some may call that cheating but at Mines we call that good engineering. The team known as The Freight Train chugged its way to first after the first round, finishing in 23 minutes. Only the top ten teams could continue on to the second round. Tensions rising, the second round began with a three part

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october 7, 2013

The Stars Above Mines
Observing the moon
John Bristow Staff Writer
Few stellar bodies are as heavily featured in society as the Moon. Sure Mars and Venus have had their day in the sun in science fiction, but no one offers to kiss under a full Venus or pull Mars closer for the love of their life. Beyond being a symbol of love and passion, the Moon has represented its share of human symbols. The changing phases have been conscripted to represent the cycle of life and death, they have been used by farmers for millenniums to chart months, and countless children’s tales involve dancing on a slightly less than full moon. Humanity has an obsession with our closest celestial neighbor and for good reason. The tides keep the top few layers of the ocean in motion and the closeness of our natural satellite has allowed for an easy target for our fledgling space programs. Beyond the noticeable impacts that the Moon has had upon culture, the Moon has helped put constraints on the formation of our planet, and the presence of heavily cratered areas on its surface allows humanity a glimpse into the stellar pinball machine that the solar system was during the Late Heavy Bombardment. It is almost criminal that our planet has such an informational neighbor. Observing the Moon can be tough with anything but eyes or binoculars. During the non-full phases, dramatic elevation changes can be seen along the terminator, a term for the line between the light and the dark of the Moon. Unfortunately when the Moon approaches its fullest, the light can hurt the eyes of any astronomer that neglected their lunar filter. With the use of a filter, the surface of the Moon becomes a veritable playground for any astronomer. It is much more fun to pick out the craters and mountain ranges from up close than far away. The true stark surface becomes enjoyably apparent with the increased resolution. Some of the best lunar features that should not be missed upon a telescope aided tour are the craters

Mark Seger: Pyromaniac Professor
James Davis Staff Writer
For a man that needs no introduction, Dr. Mark Seger is perhaps the most well-known professor on campus. Most students, whether fond of the doctor or not, have experienced his unique teaching style and command a great respect for him. Seger has potentially taught the most students on campus at least once, attributing to his impact on the Mines community as a whole. Since his early childhood, Seger seemed destined for a career in chemistry. Despite his nondestructive tendencies, Seger remarks that he “was indeed a pyromaniac as a kid.” His penchant for flames was fueled by curiosity of the natural world and the idea that a mixture of chemicals could make gunpowder or colored flames fascinated Seger’s younger self. What truly separated Seger from most youths, however, was his desire to ask the “why” questions. He considered himself “a born scientist” for that exact reason. Seger moved on to getting his bachelor’s at the University of California at Riverside where he finally decided that he wanted to be a chemist. He recalled that he made up his mind during the first few weeks of a sophomore core class. Seger then furthered his education by getting a doctorate at CSU. At this point, Seger entered industry, a unique experience among the other chemistry professors. He worked at two large companies, including Kaiser, where he specialized in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR). Here he played the “eyes and ears” for the other workers and, using NMR, Seger would identify atoms and molecular compounds that were being made. Seger compared this to detective’s work, since there is no truly exact way to go about identifying molecules. One instead has to gather information around the identity of the molecule and figure it out from there. The only thing he loved more than doing this chemistry, however, is talking about chemistry, as most of his students know. Seger eventually moved into education, working his way through local colleges until finally joining the Mines family. Although he remarked that he is not being paid nearly as much as he used to, Seger said, “When you see that light bulb go off over that student’s head, that is just a wonderful experience.” The joy he receives from teaching is quite apparent. Any student that has taken his class will say that Seger has energetic lectures. He makes grandiose motions with his arms to get a major point across before returning to his chalkboard, ready to continue writing down a lecture he has memorized. As he walks through the room he takes special care to make eye contact, giving one the feeling of being in a small study group rather than a crowded lecture hall. When the chalkboard is not enough, Seger pulls out his equipment and performs a demonstration or shares a piece of interesting trivia. The active demonstrations help convey the abstract concepts of chemistry to the concrete-minded engineering student. Seger believes that this will entertain the portion of his

task: mud, ramen noodles, and ice in baby pools had to be removed by specific body parts. Next came the three legged race. Many of the teams were seen practicing beforehand to make sure they would be coordinated for the actual race. This event decided who would make it to the final challenge so the stakes were high. At the end of the second round the Res Life team and The Freight Train were the champs, and moved onto the final and deciding challenge, a simple tug of war. But this was not just any tug of war; a slick tarp covered in blue and white paint was in the middle. Upon the start the Res Life team had an extraordinary start and quickly pulled the once unstoppable Freight Train into the paint. Pull by pull the Freight Train team members fell into the paint, and within a matter of moments Res Life won the Oredigger challenge. There was slight questioning that the wearing of illegal shoes (a.k.a. cleats) may have been involved in their win, but because the Freight Train team had such great sportsmanship they let it slide and congratulated Res Life with paint covered hugs and high fives.

of the northern hemisphere. Compared with the shocking white of the southern hemisphere, the gray of the maria units is almost soothing and with a bit of focus, any astronomer will be able to see the craters within craters on the surface. After looking at the actual craters, the next step is to look through the mountain valleys of the Lunar Apennines. Many of the mountains can be seen directly and the areas between them are often shadowed in a stellar fashion. No tour would be complete without visiting the Tycho crater to the south of the main craters. Since it is one of the more recent craters, there are trails of dust that are still visible splaying out for hundred of kilometers in every direction. With a strong enough telescope, the central peak of the complex can also be observed. With some reservations it is smart to admit that despite the Moon’s beauty, the best stargazing nights are those where the Moon lies on the opposite side of the Earth, it is those nights that are perfect for looking out into the depths of space.

class that has a strong chemistry background while still providing a challenge to his students who are less familiar with chemistry. In this way, all students benefit from attending his lectures,as he makes them think outside the box. Seger currently has dual citizenship in the United States and Liechtenstein, which is home to most of his family. Having a chance to live in the Alps, Seger is only home when he is around mountains. During his free time, Seger loves to hike, and, when weather permits, hit up the mountains on his skis. He is also an avid reader, averaging anywhere between 100 and 200 books per year. Seger is an engaging conversationalist, welcoming anyone to share discussions during his office hours. Any time shared with this doctor is time well spent.

Solving seabed extraction disputes in east Asia
Jordan Francis Staff Writer
The often nonspecific International Laws of the Sea sometimes clash with the historical traditions and the goals and ambitions of existing countries. They clash in ways that result in regions of water which have multiple disputed claims of rights and ownership, particularly in countries around east Asia. As Dr. Yoichiro Sato conveyed, the conflicts of interests and power in that area of the world are fascinating, multi-faceted affairs. According to the international Law of the Sea, each country is allowed twelve nautical miles of territorial water which is to be split in the event of an overlap. Coastal states are each allowed an exclusive economic zone of two hundred nautical miles, and coastal countries are each allowed a natural prolongation of up to three hundred fifty miles of extended continental shelf. Dr. Sato named the Japan– South Korea Joint Development Zone as one of the disputed areas. The disputes are largely based on overlapping and contradicting history and tradition between the two countries and cultures. These disputes create a great need for compromise and viable solutions between the two countries, particularly because these disagreements can delay productivity and profit for all parties involved. Other disputes arise from military and defense needs, particularly the need to build up and maintain a submarine force. Dr. Sato then moved on to discussing the delimitation of territorial sea between states. The deadlines for states and countries to submit their claims was in 2009. This caused some countries to jump start adjust ing and making their “disputed claims” more explicit, causing some tension. The conflict between the claims of China and the Philippines has made it difficult to get pipes or other lines across the boundaries without permission. In many areas, Dr. Sato said that China seems to be forcing itself into joint ventures with the Philippines and Vietnam to get a share of profits it could not get otherwise, often without doing the work of setting up any of the infrastructure of the initial venture. The cost of transporting oil and gas is prohibitive to China and hence Dr. Sato said that he believes China’s main goal is to let others start developments that will produce such fuel and then jump on the labor to reap some of the profits. There may also be some motivation to make sure that China’s own legal claim is not undermined by any nearby countries. Dr. Sato claimed that joint ventures in disputed water are normally driven by the need for capital, a technological gain from foreign partners, and the ability to alter profit calculations. Other reasons include the desire for added protection against threats and to strengthen one’s own legal claims or undermine those of other entities. Thus, it does not seem that the disputes over questionable water territory will be going away anytime soon.

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Oredigger Fiction Column Birthing Complications
Benjamin Elliott Staff Writer
“Hello dear!” my mother repeated over the phone. “I was just calling to see how you’re doing.” “Fine, mom,” I said louder. “I heard you the first time.” “Well, I should hope so! I would hate to think that you’re ignoring me.” “I’m not ignoring you, mom.” “Of course not! Of course not. So, tell me, how’s your new apartment treating you?” “It’s alright. Close to the hospital, which is nice. I can walk most days.” “Oh, that’s nice. You know, your father and I spent our honeymoon in a hospital. He broke his leg the first day out, trying to jump down from a barn roof. Have I told you about that?” “Yeah.” “Oh, your father’s such a careless man. Which reminds me- when are you going to find a nice man for yourself? You’re doing yourself a disservice, waiting so long.” Not this again. “I don’t have time for a relationship, mom. I’m a nurse. We’ve been over this.” “Nonsense. I was working as a paralegal when I met your father, and kept working up until I had you. You have every chance to get out there.” “You wanted kids, though. I don’t.” “Oh, you only say that because you don’t know what it’s like. It’s truly inexplicable.” “I’m not going to argue with you on this point. I am going to change the topic.” “Well, you know what I think about it.” “So, read anything good lately?” “Oh, yes, actually. An collection of alternate histories, speculating on what would have happened had the Indians- oops, excuse me, the Native Americans- colonized Europe, as opposed to the other way around. Very interesting...” The conversation droned on for about half an hour. My mom insisted on calling every weekend, whether or not she had anything substantial to talk about. I humored her, if only because of some sense of sympathy. When I retired, I probably wouldn’t have much to do either. My cat appeared halfway through the conversation, and I scratched him behind the ears. I worked tomorrow, but could technically be working anytime. Neonatal usually didn’t find itself understaffed, but for the times it did, the administration made sure to have enough nurses on call. Luckily, this weekend was not one where they needed me. I much preferred the rest to additional pay. I ended Sunday night by eating some berries on toast (not a jam, but still delicious) and watching some sci-fi show about a traveling blues band with superpowers. The berries were starting to get old, so I figured I might as well use them before I had to throw them out. Actual cooking was something I rarely had the energy (or appetite) for; I ate out a lot. The show was pretty terrible; just what I needed. I went to sleep later than I probably should have (midnight), but set my alarm for four. Such is life. At least I didn’t have to work nights. vvv I got up the next morning, showered, and ate a quick bowl of cereal before heading over to the hospital. The place was always busy with countless staff and patients, but the administrators would somehow notice if any employees weren’t there on time. It was uncanny. I made it in a minute ahead, grabbing my uniform and making my way to the maternity ward. Another nurse appeared walking beside me as I made it in - my best work friend, Laura. She was more experienced than I by several years, but somehow we had formed an alliance. “Hey, Sara. We’ve had two births in the past day. Neither had any major problems, though, so they’ll probably be out pretty soon.” “Good. I’m not in the mood for any sort of complications.” “Are you ever?” “No.” “So why are you here, again?” Laura jokingly asked. “The salary?” We both laughed. It was nothing special. “No, really, I like it well enough here. Most of the time. It’s the times I don’t like that I worry about,” I noted. “My mom called again yesterday.” “Yeah?” “Still pushing me to find a boyfriend.” “You could always lie.” “No, she’d want to meet him. Anyways, I don’t have the time for that nonsense anyways. I have a cat; why would I want another animal to pick up after?” “Amen to that, sister. Speaking of that time, I need to go explain to some students why endotracheal intubation at birth is an unnecessary risk for meconium covered brats.” “It is?” I feigned sarcasm, but I didn’t know much about actual birth procedure beyond what I needed to know. I mostly work the nursery. “Yeah,” Laura said, taking me at my word. “Turns out routine resuscitation is just as good, and a lot easier. Not that administration plans on changing procedure anytime soon. After that, there’s another woman due. Maybe two, three hours until the big push. So, I’ll catch you at lunch, alright?” “Yes ma’am.” She waved as she walked off, and I made my way up a stairwell to the nursery. My job title, and training, was really that of a neonatal nurse practitioner. I had tried explaining that to my parents on multiple occasions, but they still told their friends I was simply a “nurse”. Somehow, out of medical school, I had been shuffled along into the vibrant world of intensive neonatal care. I got to avoid the larger so called “well baby nurseries” that way (and those things are loud), but traded it for some of the more difficult cases. No complications in the recent two births meant no new additions to the neonatal intensive care unit, which was perfectly fine by me. I spent the majority of the day looking after the few resident infants still hanging around. Laura didn’t appear at lunch, which likely meant the labor was going on longer than expected. My suspicions were confirmed when, at about three, I got a call over my radio. “Sorry, babe. We have one with GBS. Sending him up to your team.” GBS, the acronym for Group B Streptococcus, was Laura’s way of telling me that my day had just turned from normal to rough. We should have caught the bacteria in screenings, but sometimes, very rarely, we missed it. For newborns, it was a serious infection to have, if not uncommon. I started preparing some treatments for pneumonia, which was likely, while the other two in the room (a social worker and a physician, at the moment) did their thing. The social worker said something about antibiotics, and the physician waved him away, citing that we needed to see our patient first. I sided with the physician on this one- it might be too late for antibiotics. Though, if that was the case, it might be too late for any treatment whatsoever. There were some types of antibiotics in the room if we needed them. The newborn never made it to our room. I got the message from Laura, again over the radio. The baby had died in the hallway, and couldn’t be brought back. Things like this wore on a person, even if there was nothing one could do about them. Some people didn’t want kids because of the time and work they would take, or they responsibility they entailed. When I was asked for a reason, I usually gave one of those, but my real reason was fear. I’d seen too many infants die to want to risk having one of my own, only to have it taken away. vvv The rest of the day wasn’t complicated. I went home at seven, showering and going straight to bed. Before falling asleep, I did some light reading. One cannot help to change society if one conforms to society, even if reading books is only a mild form of rebellion. Nobody at work really reads them, except when looking up a condition in a textbook or reference manual. I found it surprising when I made it to steady employment, but learned quickly that it was a part of the hospital’s culture. Every hospital has a different culture, a different amount of seriousness, a different amount of expertise, a different breed of medic. I ended up at a dull one. I turned off the light at around ten o’clock, hoping to shut my eyes and be asleep in minutes. It swam in like the tide, slowly and surely, until it drained away at a sound. My curiosity got the better of me, and I opened my eyes. The red LCD clock displayed 1:07. Glaring light in the darkness. It, in isolation, was the only object in existence. I didn’t move for a moment, ears perked up, closing my eyes again, hoping to hear the sound again. Sometimes you think you hear something and it wakes you up, just to find that it was imagined all along. This was one of those times, it seemed. I relaxed. What had the sound been? Almost like tiny footsteps, running. Then I opened my eyes again, and my cat (I call him Cat, out of laziness) was there, eyes glowing along with the clock. Of all the times to be awake. “Was that you, Cat? Stop fooling around, mom needs some sleep.” Cat sat there for a moment before jumping up onto the bed, stepping on and over me to get to the other side (where I could only suppose the grass was greener) in the most uncomfortable way. I shuffled him off me, and he curled up there to stay. “Your bed’s not good enough for you, I suppose. Well, fine, wake me up for no reason. Stupid cat.” I fell back asleep as quickly as I could with a furry lump on the bed. Anyone who has faced this particular problem knows the difficulty with it. You can’t move, or else the cat will wake up and repeat its maneuvers, or leave. Either is a reason to feel guilty, so you are trying to sleep, while tense from not moving, and feeling a weight on or around you. Somehow I managed it this night. And dreamed. The dream began where I had left off in real life, in bed. Cat was gone though, and the clock read something in letters I don’t remember. If I hadn’t been dreaming, I should have recognized it was a dream immediately. It was cold, very very cold. I pulled my covers closer around me, but it seemed like the cold was just ignoring my blankets, as if it came from everywhere. I was shivering. I looked at the clock curiously, to read it, but still had trouble deciphering it. Then... A slam on the window. My window lies out in front of my bed, such that I can look through it when I wake up. It was hard to see anything out there now, in the darkness (which, as dream-darkness, had even more obscurity), but I could make out a silhouette from the light of a street lamp. A hand, which had slammed palm outstretched on the glass. It slowly slid down the surface, leaving some kind of stain behind. The hand was small. Very small. I knew then what it was. It was the baby. The one that had died. The one I didn’t save. It didn’t matter that I hadn’t had the chance. We should have found the GBS. We should have known. No, no, no, no... And again, a slam on the window. The hand reached back up, as if it were knocking. As if it wanted to get in. I pulled my covers up to my eyes, and at one last glance, over them. I could just ignore it, and it would go away, right? It wasn’t getting in. It was just a baby. Babies can’t open windows. They can’t even move themselves yet. Babies are dumb. I was safe. But the blankets couldn’t muffle the sound. The cold and the slamming persisted. I huddled under it still, before looking out from the sheets again. Still the hand pressed against the window. What was on it? Blood? Excrement? Knowing GBS, it was probably both. Oh no. Oh no. No, no, no, no, no... vvv Thankfully I woke up, and thankfully it had just been a dream. It was still dark (weekdays, when I worked, involved getting up earlier than the sun did), but my alarm made sure to remind me that I had to be up and about. Another wonderful day. I should have been, which is to say, should be rested right now. To stay in the past tense though (for future memoirs), I’ll say that I was rather than am tired. I headed into work like a zombie, but managed to catch Laura on her way in before she caught me (it is usually she who ambushes me). “Hey, you doing alright?” I asked. “Alright.” “Yesterday can’t have been an easy one. I mean, I feel terrible about it, and I wasn’t even really there.” Laura stopped and turned. “It was terrible. Telling that new mother that she wasn’t really a mother after all. And after all that too- the labor took much too long. But, it happens.” “Yeah. I hope the family is doing all right.” “I think so. The social workers did most of the talking. I’m starting to see why we have them.” “Well, don’t beat yourself up too much over it.” “I’ll try not to. It was just... you know.” “Do you think it’s the kind of thing you can get nightmares from?” “Um... maybe.” “I mean, I didn’t sleep that easily. I don’t know about you.” “You somewhat sound like you’re doing that thing.” “What thing?” “You know, the thing?” “That thing...” “That thing where you ask people questions only because you want the questions asked of you.” “Well...ok. Guilty. I had one.” “A nightmare?” “Yes, a nightmare. What else?” “You did look little pale coming in,” Laura said, concerned. She quickly put a hand to my forehead. “Hmm. Can’t really tell, but you might be sick.” “Wait, I tell you I had a nightmare and the first thing you do is think that I’m sick.” “The paleness concerned me more. What did you have for breakfast?” “I skipped it, wasn’t thinking.” Laura threw her hands down. “Honey! Come on, let’s get you a yogurt in the dining hall. You can’t start a twelve hour workday on nothing.” I followed her, and got a yogurt as ordered. Started feeling a little better. “I could talk to Roth, you know. See if you could take the day off.” “No, I can’t,” I said between spoonfuls. “Rent’s due on Friday, and I need to work this whole week to have enough for it and my dad’s birthday.” “Well, I think you should get some rest, but if you’re resolved to work yourself to death, I suppose I can’t stop you. Hopefully you don’t get any kids sick. Consider vacationing.” “Really, I’m fine. I’m just terrified of another baby dying.” “You’d be surprised how many people get into this field with no idea what they’re getting into,” Laura cautioned. “Many consider themselves thick-skinned, but faint at the first sight of blood. You’re tougher than them, of course, but nobody’s immune to the stresses; besides, you see more deaths than most people see in their entire lives.” Continued at Birthing Complications on page 8.

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Geek Week
of the
with little things. For example, the other day in Discrete Math I was really excited that someone was killed because they proved that the square root of two was irrational! Not that I like people being killed… it was just interesting that people were so distraught over the fact they proved a simple mathematical phenomenon . What’s your favorite thing about Mines? The small atmosphere and being able to walk across campus and see people you know. Also, I love being able to laugh at all of the little campus jokes – like when the letters on the Student Recreation Center were knocked down to read “Stud Creation Center.” What are some extracurricular activities you are involved in? I’m involved in drum line, who does it best, Club volleyball where ballers ball, Greek life – a.k.a. not for the weak life, Facebook stalking, but I’m also a radio show host. Listen in every Sunday night 8-9pm! Who is your favorite super hero? Batman because he’s not wearing hockey pants like the rest of them. What is some advice for future Mines geeks? Make the time to do something fun, its always out there, especially here! What do you do in your spare time? Make awkward moments. What is your favorite quote? “With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.” – Max Erhmann Can a sorority girl still be a geek? Definitely. If you dig down deep enough anyone can find his or her inner geek. If you had to choose between being an elephant and a hippo, what would you be? E=mc2. Definitely. How would you tell someone you’re into them, using C++? /* I love you */ What has been your favorite experience at Mines? Meeting all sorts of different people. Or maybe E-Days. That’s when all the geeks came out of their rooms and showed the world what they are capable of…kind of. It was awesome! Pancakes or waffles? Using my scientific extrapolation of the density properties of each, crepes.

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october 7, 2013

...Krista Horn, Sophomore: Computer Science
What is your Geek Confession? I go to concerts alone. I like music, no one else does. And I get to meet new cool people and be their friend. What does the fox say? RING DING DING [proceeds to sing it all]. What is a hidden talent? I can’t sing. Or dance. Cats or dogs? Dogs! Cats are just too grumpy. Think about it, if you left your cat and your dog in the back of a car all day, who would be happy to see you when you got back? Problem solved. Dogs are better.

Karen Gilsdorf Staff Writer
Looking around campus, it may be said that this school is full of geeks. However, it is surprising the variety of geeks on this campus, and the variety of organizations they are involved in. Krista Horn is certainly no exception. With her toes in band, a sorority, and several other clubs, she is an example of a geek that not only loves her school, but is also committed to making it a better place by her presence. In the midst of all of this, “The Oredigger” found a couple minutes to chat with her about the role she plays on campus. [Oredigger]: Why Computer Science? [Horn]: Oh goodness, this is how the story goes: I had to take a required computer class in high school and it just clicked! It was a lot of fun because I could control the computer, instead of the computer controlling me. What is your favorite class and why? Data structures! It is a coding class that makes me think on a deeper level. Why do you consider yourself a geek? Because I get so fascinated

Nutty poultry dish “Gravity” defying expectations
Jacob Emmel Staff Writer
Three of the greatest foods— peanut butter, chicken, and noodles, come together in this easy meal, perfect for lunch, dinner and leftovers. This recipe for peanut chicken and pasta makes six to eight servings. Ingredients: 1 14.5 oz box spaghetti 2 lbs. boneless skinless chicken breasts 1 Tbs. oil 3/4 cup soy sauce 3/4 cup chunky peanut butter 1 tsp. sesame oil (optional) 1 bunch green onions, chopped Instructions: To start, fill a large pot with water and bring it to a boil. When it is ready, cook the spaghetti in it as directed on the pasta box. While waiting for the water to boil and the pasta to cook, begin cutting the chicken breasts into bite-sized pieces, about the size of one-inch cubes. Put a skillet on medium-high heat, and drizzle the olive oil in it. Next, put the chicken into the skillet to cook; flip the cubes as necessary to sauté them evenly. To prepare the sauce, put the peanut butter and soy sauce in a small sauce pan, and stir or whisk them to combine. If desired, stir in sesame oil, as well. Bring this sauce to a boil, then reduce the heat. Once the chicken has finished cooking, pour the peanut sauce over it and mix it in until the chicken has been coated. Add the cooked, drained pasta to the skillet, and stir it into the chicken and sauce mixture until they have combined. The dish can now be served, topped with chopped green onions. Tips: The white base of the green onions has a stronger flavor, so use more or fewer pieces from this area depending on your preferences toward the onion’s flavor. Add 1/4 cup or more of roasted peanuts for more of a crunch. For some heat, add Sriracha sauce to the plated dish to taste.

Sophomore in Comp Sci, Krista Horn, enjoys the small atmosphere of Mines and classes like Data Structures.

John Bristow Staff Writer

Peanut chicken and pasta is perfect for lunch and dinner.

The juxtaposition of the horrors of the movie floating several hundred kilometers away from the Earth hammers home the idea that huThere is no way to start a remans are lucky for what is at home. view of “Gravity” without pointing The sound and visual effects alone out that it is more than amazing. make the whole movie worth it. The movie is not only worth the In terms of the plot, the movie insanely high cost of movies these grabs hold of the audience and days, but it will also be worth getCOURTESY WARNER BROS does not let go until the ting the Blu-ray version credits roll. There are a fair when it hits the shelves. If share of obvious moments there is any one reason why in the course of the film. A anyone should see the film, solution is rarely reached that reason can be singled on first try, and the whole out to a marriage between chain of events goes from styles; “Gravity” exists at a believable premise to a the corner of blockbusterremarkably unlikely outstyle captivating effects and come, but therein lies part of independent-style plot and “Gravity”’s magic. The movprecision. ie ramps up in such a way “Gravity” amounts to that it is hard not to become a space thriller at its core. invested in the fates of the It is not exactly sci-fi since characters. One of the other the technology and locasublime joys of the movie is tions, for the most part, that little comes as a shock; currently exist. A great deal the movie is paced in such a of research was done to way that it is evident what is make the film authentic and coming. gritty; there are no magical There are a few final mystery boxes that solve notes to heed when going problems, only George to see “Gravity.” Unlike most Clooney’s wit and Sandra movies with a 3D option, the Bullock’s fervent desperathird dimension is not a gimtion. mick; it is purely necessary. The crowning achieveThe film is also, for the ment of the film lies in the most part, scientist apvisual and sound effects. proved. Director Alfonso Unlike a majority of space films, there are no deafenThe crowning achievement of “Gravity,” Cuarón doesn’t have to ing explosions. Everything beyond the outstanding graphics, is the bend the laws of physics much to get his vision is heard is from the pervisual and sound effects it boasts. across. Finally, beyond efspective of Sandra Bullock’s character Ryan Stone. From tivating. While pure mayhem and fects, the cinematography is purely the introductory interplay between destruction is happening in the stellar. Whether the fragility of huHouston and the Space Shuttle foreground, the Earth floats tran- manity is being highlighted by an to the very end, the only method quil beyond the grasp of our he- almost womb-like scene or the Inby which audible tension is intro- roes. Fear inducing scraps of metal ternational Space Station is being duced is through the riveting score. may be whipping by, but look, ripped to shreds by a debris cloud, If it were not for the music, all that there is the Nile Delta at sunrise. the film is captivating.

would be heard would be gasps for air and sounds transmitted through touch. For example, when an electric wrench is used, rather than the shrill whine of machinery that would be expected, a low pitched groaning sound is all that is heard. Beyond the sounds of the film, the visuals are dramatic and cap-

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october 7, 2013

“Girl Rising” promotes education of women
Jacob Emmel Staff Writer
At Mines and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in general, men greatly outnumber women. Though, according to US News, only 18 percent of engineering undergraduates in the United States are women, nearly every woman in the U.S. is literate. Compared to Afghanistan’s 12.6 percent female literacy rate, the severity of the STEM gender gap becomes far less significant. “We’re in a place where it’s remarkable for a girl to be educated in engineering, but we need to remember there are places where it’s remarkable for a girl to be educated, period,” Claire Mahoney said, a freshman who viewed the film “Girl Rising”. Right now, according to UNESCO, 66 million girls are out of school globally. Furthermore, there are 33 million fewer girls than boys in primary school globally according to Education First. Girls simply face more barriers to receiving an education than boys do. 10x10, a global campaign to educate and empower girls across the developing world, produced the ground-breaking documentary “Girl Rising.” The Women in Science, Engineering and Mathematics Program along with the Hennebach Program in the Humanities brought the film to Mines on October 2. The film follows nine girls from Haiti, Nepal, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Peru, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan who grapple with unimaginable odds in order to achieve their dreams of education. Suma, a teenager from Nepal, suffered through years of bondage beginning at age six, endured unending abuse, and received no education during her years of servitude. Wadley, a seven year old from Haiti, lost everything except her mother in the earthquakes that struck Haiti in 2010. She was turned away from school after the disaster because her mom was unable to pay the fee. Wadley persevered, telling the schoolteacher, “If you send me away, I will come back every day until I can stay. You cannot stop me.” Yasmin, a 13 year old from Egypt, was raped as a child, but refused to think of herself as a victim. Her rapist is still free, Yasmin has never been to school, and, barely a teenager, Yasmin is engaged. Though the girls live a world away from each other, they share a desire to learn—a desire to better themselves and escape the stereotypes that pervade in their regions. However, educating women is not a priority in many developing countries. Many girls are sold as child brides. In fact, 14 million girls under 18 will be married this year. Other girls, an estimated of 150 million a year, are victims of sexual violence. Kim Burnett from the Shadhika Foundation, an organization devoted to combating gender inequality in India, believes in the power of educating women and the need to redefine social stereotypes. Burnett spoke before the film as part of a panel on the need for women’s education. Burnett said, “the expectation is that girls should not work. Girls are there to serve the husband’s family. Frankly, as girls have gotten more education, that has been challenging that system. In some ways, the progress we’re making in girls’ education means we have to help the boys catch up and begin to change how they perceive women.” Research has shown the power of educating women. According to CIA World Factbook, if India enrolled one percent more girls in secondary school, their GDP would rise by $5.5 billion. A girl with an extra year of education can earn 20 percent more as an adult according to the World Bank, and girls with eight years of education are four times less likely to be married as children according to the National Academies Press. “If you care about eradicating poverty, about eliminating hunger or HIV Aids, about addressing our overpopulation on the planet, about promoting democracy, and combating extremis, the key to all of those things is making sure a girl has an education,” Burnett said. Another showing of “Girl Rising” is scheduled for Thursday Oct. 10 in Ballroom A of the Student Center.

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“Elysium” parallels reality A look to the past
Evan Ford Staff Writer
Matt Damon stars in the new scifi action film “Elysium.” This sci-fi offers a handful of unexpected themes and social statements that can be missed from the marketed presentation of trailers. In the year 2154, human beings are separated into two social classes. The very rich have left the slums of an overpopulated Earth. Los Angeles is enveloped in poverty, oppression, and plummeting standards of living. Robots and impersonal interactions plague the streets and exacerbate the pitiable conditions. The wealthy inhabitants of Earth abandoned the planet, and constructed a massive space station utopia known as Elysium. There is more than just wealth and the Earth’s atmosphere separating the two classes; a language barrier provides commentary into today’s current immigration issue. The primary language on Earth, from the perspective provided in the film, is Spanish. On Elysium, the inhabitants speak the “more civilized” French language, and are always seen to be relaxing by the pools and green lawns of their lavish homes. The protagonist of “Elysium”, Max, attempts to escape his sordid past. He grew up as an orphan, but has recently managed to keep a steady job and avoid his life of crime. When he faces an accident that leaves him with five days to live, desperation forces him to rely on his former lifestyle in order to reach Elysium to receive medical treatment to allow him to keep living. Healthcare contrasts between first and third world countries are brought to light and play a large role in the plot line. In the film, there are machines in each house that upon a verification of citizenship will immediately restore and heal the user. Although this technology does not exist today, the director seems to be making a claim that immigrants perceive modern medicine and universal healthcare as a perfect solution to all ailments. Although this is not the case, the difference between the modern healthcare systems is actually quite substantial in some cases. The desire to continue living, despite the scantiest of living conditions, forces individuals like Max to risk everything to enter a prohibited society and location. “Elysium” is unique as it serves to provide a relevant backstory to immigrants and the problems they face, as well as insight into their hopes and dreams. Without downplaying the efforts of modern immigrants, the attempts and backstories of the characters are at times hollow and try too hard to play at the heartstrings of the audience. Overall, the movie is effective in bringing the viewer to contemplate his or her way of life, and the opportunities that have or have not been provided. Even better, the movie is laced with fast-paced action and some aggressive explosions.

“Girl Rising” emphasizes the importance of education for women in developing countries.

Vishnu Kadirisani Staff Writer


“Elysium”, starring Matt Damon, encourages the viewer to contemplate his or her way of life and opportunities.

working along him are Peggy Olsen, his secretary, Roger Sterling, a partner of the company, Pete CamBy the time most students bell, a young account manager, and graduate Mines, they will have jobs. Joan Holloway, the head secretary Alumni will mostly have decent of the office. There is drama from starting salaries and lead comfort- all edges of the map in the office, able lifestyles. In a few years there ranging from affairs to business might be a promotion, a wife, a nice complications, and Don has a part new house, and a family. But what in all of it. However, like most hard working about those who want more than just a mundane existence? What Americans, Don Draper has a life about those who want not just a outside the office. It starts in The promotion but to own a company? Village, the heart of the New York’s Or maybe go out with the girl they young ideas where art and music were too nerdy for in high school? flow through the streets which are Own a mansion with so many bed- filled with, quite literally, starving COURTESY AMC artists. Draper rooms that it and one of looks more like these artists, a hotel? That is woman named how the other Midge Danhalf lives. They iels, are shown live like they to be having have nothan intimate reing to lose but lationship in the world to the opening gain. That is episode of the what the show show. This re“Mad Men” is lationship helps all about. How the viewer learn does the other about Don’s half live? Or personality as rather, how did the show prothey live? gresses. The show “Mad Men” is set in the “Mad Men” is a show about is a show about 1960’s when high power ex- personalities and interactions of personalities. It ecutives work- those at the top of the social lad- is about how ing on Madison Avenue, NY, were people at the top of the social ladreferred to as Mad Men. The show der interact. What they value in follows Donald Draper, played by life is what we dream about havactor Jon Hamm, and his lifestyle. ing. What they do not have are the There are two components to Don things we take for granted. DonDraper’s complicated life: his work ald Draper is one of us, a common and his personal life. His work man thrust into high society. The takes priority above all though, as show teaches the viewers how to he is the Senior Creative Director of live life in that society, and to appear an advertising firm called Sterling accustomed and used to money, Cooper. Throughout the show, it is fancy cars, beautiful people at evshown that clients value his work ery corner of the office, and most because of its superiority. Those of all, chaos.

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october 7, 2013

Birthing Complications
Continued from page 5
Benjamin Elliot Staff Writer
“It might just be that I’m not suited for this work.” “Well, it might be somewhat hasty to come to that conclusion. Considering you’ve pushed through medical school for this very thing, even more so. At the very least consider seeing a counselor about this. The hospital has people on staff for this very reason.” “I’ll think about it. Thanks, Laura. You’re a good friend.” “Okay. I’m heading in to the ward. Take your time.” I took maybe five minutes, then headed up myself. The day was without incident. I frantically checked and rechecked everything for the three infants in the ICU, all of them premature births. I may have been overcautious, but I wasn’t about to let any of them slip on my watch. vvv I went home to find Cat at the door, scratching at it. When I opened the door, the sound of tearing wood fibers stopped, but the scratches left on the door’s interior did not. Cat looked up at me innocently. Stupid cat. When I stepped inside Cat made to dash out into the hallway. I, with some kind of ninja reflexes, picked him up before he could get away. “You’re staying in here, bub.” Cat was wriggling and writhing uselessly in my arms, and I closed the door behind me. The power was out, as I found out trying to flip the switch. Great, no light for reading or electricity for tv. I might be able to read if my eyes got used to the light. I really should have known by the lack of hall lighting, but that doesn’t always mean loss of power. It was late already, so I just went straight to bed, after brushing my teeth. Cat had taken to scratching again, but when I lay down, he realized there was something even more annoying he could be doing and jumped up onto the bed, snuggling in tightly. That should be all for tonight, setting this on the nightstand. Then, scratching again. Cat is here. Cat is not at the door. I freeze for a moment, but my curiosity gets the better of me. I pass by the bedroom door, head for the front hallway door. It’s locked, if a bit scratched up on this side, but the scratching is coming from outside. Why am I even carrying this right now? Writing is the last thing I should be doing. Oh no. The scratching just doubled. I just looked back at the last few entries, and last night’s nightmare came flooding back. It’s happening again. Oh no, no, no, no. While I was looking, four sets of hands are now scratching. More even. I’m backing up to my room, and what happens? There’s a hole in my door. A splintered growing hole; I can’t help but be reminded of “The Shining.” A rudimentary cat flap, dog door. Only these aren’t pets. They’re babies. What seems like hundreds of them, swarming through the hole in the door, crawling over one another, crying and gurgling, coming towards me. No, no, no, no, no, no. Retreat to my room, close that door and lock it. It’s only a matter of time though. I’ve got to go. I’m getting out of here, to the window, screw this journal. vvv The remaining content of the journal of Sara Larrette, found among her possessions in her damaged apartment after her disappearance three weeks ago. She was last seen in Bogotá by a street vendor, who verified her ID after it came up in a credit card transaction at his stall, but otherwise has no known location.

Shakespeare’s best
Sara Dewar Staff Writer
Often considered one of the most prevalent love stories of all time, William Shakespeare’s epic tragedy, “Romeo and Juliet” resurfaces in a new movie release set for theaters October 11. The screenplay for this movie was written by Sir Julian Fellowes, creator of the famous PBS series Downton Abbey, and will appeal to viewers in their late teens through early twenties. “Romeo and Juliet” is arguably Shakespeare’s best work. It is definitely the most read and recognized in popular culture. The tragic romance tells the tale of two starcrossed lovers who die under dramatic circumstances and in doing so, mend the feud between their families. It is a timeless piece that continues to be loved by scholars and casual readers alike. “Romeo and Juliet” is required reading in most high school curriculum’s; however, it is a play that can be revisited over and over throughout life. Shakespeare possessed a unique gift of writing incredibly commonplace phrases and thoughts in such a way as to emphasize a hidden or deeper meaning. The diction of Elizabethan England may appear uncomfortable to modern readers, but once understood, the prose is beautiful. In his plays, Shakespeare uses blank verse, a type of iambic pentameter that does not rhyme. There is a regular line length and syllable count in each verse. This regularity can enhance the reading experience, turning each line into an expressive dance of words. The main theme in “Romeo and Juliet” is love. A fervent, life-altering love that can only be experienced once in a lifetime, is discovered by Romeo and Juliet. Throughout the course of a few days, they declare their secret love for each other and make plans to elope. Unfortunately for these young lovers, events do not unfold as they planned and their lives end before they can run away together. This play encompasses lots of emotions such as excitement, uncertainty, comedy, anticipation, erratic anxiety, love, fear, happiness, and betrayal. It is clearly a tumult of feelings structured in five short acts. Especially at Colorado School of Mines, it is easy to dismiss literature as an unimportant facet in our daily lives. After all, many students here dislike the humanities very much, or at least struggled with them in high school. Nevertheless, students should not disregard literature altogether. This movie is a great place to start and will blow everyone away.

Give Up: a decade in review Secret side of Mines
album, it is worth exploring the other tracks that have been released since the album came out. Both “Turn Around” and “A It stands to reason that if an Tattered Line of String” reprealbum is deemed to be good in sent the newer aspects of The one decade, that it can move Postal Service, and in all honesup to excellent if it makes it to ty, unless someone is going for the next and retains its original some discography completionist character. “Give Up” by the deachievement, they should be igpressingly short-lived indie elecnored. Both fall flat compared to tronica group The Postal Service the earlier releases. Much better is up for a decade review after COURTESY SUB POP RECORDS are “Be Still My it hit its tenth Heart” and the birthday this cover of the past summer. Flaming Lips In a time besong “Suddenfore dubstep, ly Everything the album Has Changed.” was charmThe former is ing and quirky, arguably the it played with best track The the listener like Postal Service a puppy just released. It is learning to play stupidly rocatch. Every mantic in the song it brought sort of way up was new that no matter and original how much stuff and slightly difis going on, it ferent from the brings back last. While it the emotion of may not have falling in love, been exactly which is the mainstream, best feeling in the album the world aside was perfect in from finding an 2003. So the endless trail of question is, perfect cookdoes the alies. bum hold up So back to in the decidthe question, edly more penhas the album sive and pes“Give Up” by The Postal Service retains its charm after a decade. retained its simistic era of 2013? Upon re-listen, each song serves as a blast of cold water charm over the past decade? after the chipper lovey-dovey be- Conclusively the answer should is still factory fresh. A good start is to listen to ginning, it exists in that strange be yes. The second question of the whole album track by track. subset of songs that can be la- whether or not the 10th AnniWhile there is no true order, the beled as upbeat break up songs. versary edition is worth it is analbum follows a logical progres- “Clark Gable” represents the swered by saying no. For a colsion through love and loss and most upbeat attitude of the al- lector it is necessary, but for the back to love again. There are bum and is still worthy of being average listener, there are a host of new LPs that cater to the need parts of the album that are won- a secret favorite. Instead of finishing off the for good music. derful and contemplative and there are light and airy songs that carry as much weight as cotton candy. For those with less time than needed, a good start is with “Such Great Heights.” While it is probably the only song on the album to have garnered much attention, a lot of time has passed since it was on the airwaves and it is both a fantastically cliché love song and empowering at the same time. “Nothing Better”

John Bristow Staff Writer

Zach Snyder Staff Writer

Every individual who goes to Mines requires their own specific requirements for living comfortably. Some students can make do with minimal possessions, while others need to transport their entire lives from home to Golden. Even different faculty members prefer divergent tools for teaching, whether that is using the electronic smart board coupled with an LCD projector or just doing it the old-fashioned way with chalk on a board. The bottom line is each person needs and wants a unique combination of distinctive facets to live happily at Mines. Amidst all the chaos and asperity of such a difficult engineering school like CSM, getting the minor details right will ultimately lead to success. The people who come to Mines hail from all different walks of life and originate from vastly different cultures. A chemical engineer living in one room may come from Alaska, while the petroleum engineer right down the hall could come from the opposite side of the United States on the East Coast. Because each person is different, every member of the Mines community will have their own set of demands. Some students or faculty also might have special needs, be it in the classroom or out. It is fairly easy to forget how vital fulfilling basic needs are when everyone is caught up in the middle of the school year. There are people who would flat out suffer without a certain amenity they crave. Maybe there is a student who cannot wake up in the morning without a nice, hot cup of coffee, or maybe there is a teacher who cannot live without exercising at the gym. Perhaps the most demanding of lifestyles is of those who must take care of more than themselves, in raising a child. What does Mines do to provide for those people? What could possibly lie in the undiscovered parts of campus that can help

these people, and finally what awesome luxuries does CSM have that most people are not aware of? As it turns out, tucked deep within the long, sharp-turning halls of the student center at the very heart of campus lies the Mother’s Room. The Mother’s Room is essentially the Isla de Muerta, the forbidden Aztec cursed island from Pirates of the Caribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl. It can only be found by those who know where it is hidden. (The Mother’s Room is located upstairs in the Student Center near Ballrooms D and E.) When the location of the “Mother’s Room” was discovered by The Oredigger, mystery and curiosity sparked. Upon investigation, suspicion was proven to be 100% correct as when Jenn Mazzotta, Director of Student Activities, was asked to comment on the purpose of this highly secluded room she detailed, “the room literally has just an outlet and a rocking chair. While locked, those with child in need of a private place to nurse are freely allowed in.” It seems as if there are lots of cool places hiding within the Student Center, as Mrs. Mazzotta’s office itself hides quietly behind the Blastercard Office. Student Activity offices and niche purpose rooms such as the Mother’s Room are not the only cool places available at Mines. For those looking for a more general purpose place, taking a left after entering the student center and going past the fish tank is the iclub. While not some marketing scheme by Apple to transform part of the Mines campus into prime real estate, the iClub was once the old student dining center that magically transformed into a modest household of schoolwork filled wall to wall with tables, chairs, sofas, and most important above all else free-to-use whiteboards. The Colorado School of Mines has many attributes to discover, and two of those are as simple as places to retreat to.

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october 7, 2013

Modmarket’s fresh fast food Email Phishing
Elizabeth Starbuck McMillan Staff Writer
It is like stepping into heaven’s fast food restaurant. Modmarket has a modern design and a fresh feel that makes any foodie feel at home. The menu is diverse and filled with healthy options. Modmarket is a Colorado owned business that was started by two guys that were tired of the typical unhealthy and highly processed fast foods. So instead of complaining about it, Anthony Pigliacampo and Rob McColgan started their own restaurant centered around their wants. It is easy to see that the business is very detail-oriented, from the overall fresh ambiance to the Boylan Soda fountain machine. Boylan Sodas have retro flavors such as cream and grape soda and are made with real cane sugar, they are the perfect compliment to a tasty modmarket dinner. But those looking for something a little more grown-up can choose from mod market’s wine or beer list. The atmosphere in the restaurant can be a little pretentious, looking past that, it is happy and bright and great place to dine. Other than Starbucks, many dining places do not present good study locations, but Modmarket could potentially become a new Mines student study or meeting spot. They have large tables and most people get orders to-go (except for Sunday brunch.) The only complaint for Modmarket would be they do not know all their food allergies. They offer almost everything gluten free but when it comes to lactose intolerant they are not as generous. Most meal options have cheese on them. That being said the servers are very friendly and happy to customize the order since it is made right there on the spot. After ordering at the counter the wait is about five minutes. The time goes fast though because the Modmarket kitchen is entirely in the open. Customers can watch their meals being made and see exactly what the cooks are doing, which adds a level of security and comfort to the meal. After waiting the customer is notified and they must go to another counter to pick up the food served on real plates with real silverware. Whole wheat crust pizzas with a variety of fresh cheese, meat, and vegetable toppings adorn the menu. They are presented in the perfect serving size for dinner and a follow-up snack, wonderful for Mines students busy studying on weeknights. Modmarket also whips up flavorful and crisp salads, garnished with seasonal fruits, nuts, and tangy dressings. They also have fabulous desserts such as peanut butter crunch bars, cookie bites, and brownies. There is absolutely no better way to conclude a healthy meal than with a tasty dessert.

f e a t u r e s

page 9

Steve Ardern Information Security Office
An email message arrives promising fabulous wealth or warning that, unless urgent action is taken, bad things will happen ... sound familiar? This is the typical setup of an email phishing attack. What is email phishing? Email phishing attacks are, unfortunately, nothing new to most people. Generally these are messages designed to attack or trick potential victims. Typically, they contain an urgent message (“You must confirm your password NOW!”) or a once-in-a-lifetime offer (“The Prince of Nigeria would like to offer you $17.5 million”) and often claim to be from a trusted source, like a school, a bank, or other branded entity. Clicking on the enclosed link will often open a malicious website that attempts to take over the user’s machine or allow the cyber criminals to harvest usernames and passwords. Sometimes the phishing message bears an infected attachment – which, if opened, will attempt to infect the computer. Next-generation spear phishing. Like most things, phishing evolved. The latest iteration uses a much more targeted approach called spear phishing. This is often based on the wealth of personal information available for huge groups of people – much of it populated via social media channels like Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, blog posts, and so on. An example of such a customized attack is one against university students. The attackers filter through online, publicly available data to pick out anyone who seems to be attending higher education. The criminals may also cross-reference other sources of garnered information, like email or username lists, against these same social media channels to further boost the accuracy of this process. The intention may be to induce a panic response by using a subject line hinting towards an urgent financial aid alert, such as, “Click now or you will lose your financial aid eligibility.” Some students might immediately react to this stressful message and click through the link to resolve it. Cyber criminals take this to the next level by targeting the attack even further – for example, by focusing on Colorado School of Mines students, using the email address of the President, Provost, College Dean, Departmental Head, or even other students. There is fantastic motivation in receiving a message supposedly from a Departmental Head insisting that immediate action is needed! Fortunately, the more targeted a campaign is, the more research effort the criminals need to invest. This used to be the overriding reason why such attacks were not overly common. However, due to the pace at which so many people are openly publishing personal information to the web, this limitation is becoming less and less burdensome; especially as the malefactors have become much more efficient at extracting such data en masse.

Grim Leaper on love
Jordan Francis Staff Writer
these comics is that every issue has a three-page mini story at the end. The stories are brief looks at different love stories which start off relatively light-hearted and get darker as the series goes on. The tales respectively involve a couple that only manages to get together once they run into each others’ cars, a man who plans to murder his unfaithful girlfriend, a man who believes he is in a relationship with the Apple voice assistant Siri, and a girl who convinces her boyfriend to murder her parents so that she can

how after experiencing death, life for the main characters is little more than a reflection and period of anGrim Leaper is an unusual four ticipation before their next deaths. part love story from Image ComThe methods of death vary from ics, the company responsible for everyday accidents such as car acpublishing titles such as Spawn, cidents to deliberate killings, as in Invincible, and The Walking Dead. the case where Lou found himself The story follows a man named in the body of a serial killer and was Lou Collins who finds himself in a killed by one of the victims. cycle of constantly dying and reinAs time goes on and the two carnating into the bodies and lives lovebirds begin to grow, they recof various random people in his ognize how little control they have hometown. He believes himself over what is happening and take to be cursed, constantly getting a greater control over the timing and second chance to do someCOURTESY DIAMOND COMIC DISTRIBUTORS methods of their inevitable thing with his new lives, but deaths, turning them from he keeps getting killed beaccidents to deliberate enfore he can figure out what deavors. Overall, the story that something is. Then, and character growth in this on his fourteenth body, he series is a bit clichéd, but meets Ella Patrick, a girl who the odd gimmick of the body shares his curse. She dies jumping and violent fixation soon after they meet and the on death makes the comic hunt is on for both of them unique enough to remain into try and find one another teresting. The mini-stories at again. They continue to meet the end of each issue provide up with each other and grow brief glimpses of interestas people throughout their ing and somewhat morbid constant quest to reunite. views on love and humanity Ella learns to cast aside that can also keep the seher fears and thoughts of inries interesting. The artwork adequacy as she embraces on those stories moves from the freedom that constant old style dot-shading, to carreincarnation provides while toonish, to fairly realistic with Lou, when he is forced into a still-visible comic style as the body of a married man, the stories get darker and begins to understand and more sickening. The miniaccept that his actions have stories also become more consequences. Finally, after realistic and plausible as they a few reunions and subsebecome more horrifying. quent deaths, the two of Overall, the two elethem find themselves back ments of the main plot and in their original bodies. Excitthe mini-stories make for an ed, they meet up and realize Grim Leaper issues 1-4 are a somewhat interesting series of comthat they had originally met ics. The speed at which the unrealistic but heartwarming love story. right before Lou died. Glad to couple falls in love in the have figured out their original con- leave him for another guy. main storyline is a bit unrealistic nection, they kiss and accidentally The art style in the main story but then again, this is a tale of two kill each other as each of them has of the comics is very visceral and people who jump between bodies the remnants of a food the other is graphic, particularly during death every time they die so implausibilallergic to on their lips. They wake scenes, where the violence is ex- ity is a relative term. The short stoup in their typical limbo, though aggerated almost to the point of ries at the end are all a bit shorter this time they wake up in the same ridiculousness. In scenes without than many readers will be used to, place and jump into their next bod- action, the details are often a bit but they manage to convey their ies together. The comic ends with blurred or not particularly well-de- strange ideas very effectively with them reviving in the bodies of two fined and the glare throughout the very little space. This is not necesnewlyweds, uncertain of whether series is noticeably greater than is sarily a must-have series for anyone they will continue to reincarnate or typical for comics. This is definitely without a morbid fascination with how much time they have left, but a gory series, with graphic death death, but it is an entertaining comhappy to have each other for what- scenes meant to show how trivial ic and a nice change of pace from ever lies ahead. and yet unflinchingly real death is to the stereotypical superhero staples The other interesting feature of these characters. They also portray of the comics industry.

From the perspective of phishing attackers, the more relevant a message appears, the more likely the user is to fall for the attack instead of ignoring or deleting the message. How to avoid being a victim. *Be suspicious of unsolicited emails claiming to be from a colleague, friend, or known institution. Using known contact details – never trust information in the message itself – verify that the claimed sender has sent this message. *Limit the personal and institutional information posted through websites like Facebook, Google+, Twitter, and so on. *Be suspicious of any email that requires “immediate action” – this is a common technique used by criminals to rush people into making mistakes. *Look out for spelling mistakes or obvious grammatical errors, especially if it is claiming to be from a company or other organization. *Be wary if a message says it is from a larger institution, but uses a free email provider like All bigger organizations possess a correctly branded email address. *Check attachment type – it might be made to look like a PDF file, but actually be a ZIP or EXE. *Be on the look-out for vague or plainly incorrect attachment names. If the message is about a financial aid alert with an attachment called ‘office_contacts_’, this does not add up. *Never follow links given inside a message – always go directly to the trusted website and navigate from there. *Hover over links included in the message – if the link destination is different from where it says it should be going, this is very suspicious. *Check the full URL of any links within the message; sometimes it might begin with familiar words, but is NOT Amazon’s website! *Always try to verify where shortened URLs link to, e.g. in Twitter. Sometimes these shortened links are effectively used to mask a malicious destination from casual users. *Have up-to-date security software, like the Symantec antivirus package available from ccit. (at no cost for Mines’ students, faculty, or staff). Upon being victimized... At work or school, report the incident to appropriate organizational people, e.g. to Mines Help Center, http://helpdesk.mines. edu. If financial data may have been compromised, contact the financial institution and watch for any unauthorized charges or activity. Change passwords that have been revealed – if the same password is used in multiple places, change all occurrences. Watch for other signs of identity theft – this will be covered in a follow-up article. Overall, trust that if a message seems too good to be true or brings threats of imminent doom, there is a good chance it’s a phishing email. If necessary, verify the proposed sender; or just ignore and delete.

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page 10

Volleyball victory Volleyball defeats JWU
Chris Robbins Staff Writer
After a solid win on Tuesday night vs. Johnson & Wales, the Lady Orediggers volleyball team continued their winning ways this weekend with victories over Black Hills State and Chadron State. Friday night’s contest placed 19th ranked Mines against the Black Hills State Yellow Jackets. The Orediggers took a firm hold early on in the first game and never let up, winning 25-16. Game two was tightly contested in the early goings, with neither team gaining more than a two point lead. However, Mines broke the game open on a 4-1 run that gave them the 18-11 lead late in the game. From there it was a back-and-forth contest until a Melanie Wannamaker block ended the game at 25-19 in favor of Mines. CSM was given a scare in the final game, as the Jackets jumped out to an early 12-7 lead. The Orediggers managed to fight back, but it was indeed a fight, as the game was tied four different times with two lead changes from that point on. A kill by freshman Ashlyn Eitemiller sealed the game for Mines 25-23, giving the Orediggers the 3-0 win. Saturday night put CSM against RMAC foe Chadron State, and, despite their winless conference record, the Eagles gave the Orediggers a bit of a test. Mines handled the first game well with a comfortable 25-17 win, but game two was a different story. In a tight-knit game that saw the largest lead for either team be a mere three points, the Eagles prevailed 26-24 to tie the match up at one game apiece. The third game was full of momentum shifts and streaks of points for both teams as Chadron State kicked things off with a 5-2 opening run, only to be outdone by Mines which went on an 11-3 run of their own. The Eagles fought back within one point on several occasions throughout the rest of the game, but could never quite complete the comeback, as the Orediggers prevailed 25-22. In the decisive fourth game, CSM took control early and never let up, cruising to a 25-11 game win and a 3-1 match win. Melanie Wannamaker shined offensively in both games, totalling 38 kills across the weekend. Alanna Winfield and Sarah Pekarek also had strong showings on offense, with 29 and 27 kills respectively over the two matches. Danielle Johnson-Hazlewood was the Orediggers’ defensive standout of the weekend with 37 total digs. Riding a four game winning streak, the Lady Orediggers will look to keep up their success this week with three consecutive road matches against CSU-Pueblo, Adams State, and Western State. The first of these contests kicks off at 7 pm on Thursday, October 10th in Pueblo.

s p o r t s

october 7, 2013

Jared Riemer Content Manager

The No. 19 Colorado School of Mines volleyball team (9-4) needed just an hour and five minutes to dispose of Johnson & Wales (8-13) Tuesday night. Winning all three sets by a combined score of 75-36, Mines dominated play, only trailing once during three sets. The first set saw Mines grab an early 3-0 lead and the closest Johnson & Wales got was 5-7 early in the first set. From that point on Mines only lost four of the last 21 points. At one point, the Lady Orediggers took eight straight points leading a set score

Soccer continues streak
Jared Riemer Content Manager
Anna Evans finally broke through for the Lady Orediggers scoring from seven yards out, with Rachael Turner supplying the assist on the goal. The 1-0 halftime advantage would prove to be enough for the Orediggers, but they added two more for insurance. Continuing to take shots on goal, Mines once again had the advantage in shots taking 10 to just two by NMHU in the second stanza. In the seventy-fifth minute, Anna Evans scored again, this time sneaking it just under the crossbar with a left-footed bullet from 26 yards out. Jordan Hopper supplied Evans with the pass from the corner. Less than four minutes later,

of 25-9. The second saw Johnson & Wales take the early 2-0 lead, but Mines scored six straight to take the lead at 2-6 and never looked back. The Orediggers had another run of six straight points later on in the match and coasted to the 25-12 victory for a two sets to none lead in the match. The third and final set was very much the same as the two before it. Mines took the early 3-0 point lead and even though JWU got to within two points at 7-9, Mines was never in trouble of losing and took the set 25-15 for the set victory, their sixth straight match victory of the year. It was another stellar perfor-

mance by the Lady Orediggers, who recorded a .404 team kill percentage and had 48 total digs, 47 total assists, and 10 blocks. Melanie Wannamaker lead the team with 14 kills on just 19 attempts for a .684 attack percentage, and added five blocks and two aces. Danielle Johnson-Hazlewood, coming off her second RMAC Setter of the Week award, chipped in with 44 assists, two blocks, two kills, and two aces. Alanna Winfield added 13 kills on a .333 kill percentage, and Hannah Margheim led the team with 17 digs. Both Sarah Pekarek and Megan Peterson had seven kills apiece, and Cassie Vick added seven digs of her own.

CSM falls to NMH
Chris Robbins Staff Writer
After a strong showing last weekend against New Mexico Highlands in this year’s Homecoming Game, the Oredigger football team stumbled on the road this week, losing a tight contest to Western New Mexico 25-22. Mines started off the game well, taking their opening possession 50 yards down the field to set up an Avery Llewellyn 42yard field goal. However, WNM responded quickly, taking their first drive 75 yards down the field into the Mines end zone. The CSM defense managed to block the extra point attempt, but still the Orediggers were down 6-3. Both schools traded unproductive drives the rest of the quarter, leaving Mines still down by three after the first 15 minutes of play. Less than 30 seconds into the second quarter, Western New Mexico completed a long 49-yard pass, which set up a six-yard touchdown run, giving the Mustangs the 12-3 lead after the extra point attempt was missed. Matt Brown and Tevin Champagne led the offense down the field on the following drive, resulting in a 32yard Llewellyn field goal that cut the Mustang lead to six points. Each team swapped unsuccessful drives once again, until WNM strung together a 13-play, 78-yard touchdown drive just before halftime. The CSM defense stepped up and blocked their second extra point attempt on the night, but still the Orediggers went into the locker room down 18-6. Quarter number three saw a tight defensive struggle with neither side willing to budge. However, the Mustangs managed to find a hole in the Oredigger defense and exploited it for a 93-yard touchdown pass. WNM was finally

able to convert an extra point, and the Orediggers went into the final quarter trailing 25-6. CSM was able to find the endzone quickly at the start of the quarter as Joe Schneider punched the ball into the endzone from the one-yard line a mere 18 seconds out of the break. Mines attempted a two point conversion, but Schneider’s pass fell incomplete, and the Orediggers were down 25-12. After a strong defensive showing quickly gave possession back to the offense, Schneider led the team deep into Mustang territory, but came up short on a dropped fourth down pass. They would get another chance after another short Mustang drive, and despite going 90 yards down the field on 24 plays, the Orediggers were stopped at the WNM twoyard line after falling just short on fourth and goal. Though the game seemed out of reach, the Oredigger defense stepped up and gave the team life again, forcing a Mustang safety with just over two minutes left in the game. Down 25-14, the Mines offense had one last drive to keep themselves in the ballgame, and they capitalized on it. In just over a minute, Schneider marched the offense 63 yards down the field for the touchdown. Schneider connected with Jimmy Ellis for the two point conversion, and with 41 seconds left in the game, the Orediggers found themselves down 25-22, only three points. The fate of the game would come down to an Avery Llewellyn onside kick, but the Mustangs recovered and ran out the clock, ending Mines’ great comeback attempt. CSM will look to rebound from this tough loss next week when they return home to host Fort Lewis. That game kicks off at noon on Saturday, October 12th on Campbell Field here in Golden.

The No. 8 Colorado School of Mines women’s soccer team continued their excellent season Friday night at home against New Mexico Highlands. Winning by a score of 3-0, the Lady Orediggers dismantled their opponent in frigid 30 degree weather. Mines (8-01, 5-0-0 RMAC) continued their record 23-game unbeaten streak and recorded their seventh shutout this season. Both teams started out well despite the cold, but Mines looked like the better team early, outshooting NMHU 11-5 in the first half. In the forty-first minute,

Mines scored again, but this time it was Jaclyn Knott. Knott took a short cross from Michelle Teramura and slipped the ball past a charging NMHU goalkeeper, from about 14 out. For the game, Mines recorded 9 of their 21 shots on goal, scoring three. Evans had seven shots on goal, converting two, and is tied for second place in the RMAC with 11 points and 5 goals on the season. Jayln Yates saved five shots to preserve another shutout. Yates has allowed only two goals this season. The Lady Orediggers continue their outstanding season at home this Friday against Colorado Mesa.

Men defeat CSU-Pueblo
Jared Riemer Content Manager
The Colorado School of Mines men’s soccer team defeated the Colorado State-Pueblo ThunderWolves for the second time this year to sweep the season series. The final score was 2-1, led by two early goals from senior and leading scorer, Tesho Akindele. Mines, now 6-1-1 (4-1-0 RMAC), controlled the pace in the first half and outshot the ThunderWolves 11-5. Akindele gave the Orediggers the early 1-0 lead in the seventh minute off of a free kick into the upper left corner of the goal. Just under 16 minutes later, Akindele netted the second Oredigger goal from the top of the box off a pass from Chayce Moniz, for his conference-leading eighth goal of the season. The last 22 minutes of the second quarter were quiet compared to the first 23 save for a yellow card on Tannor Randle. The score at the half was 2-0. The ThunderWolves came out of halftime with a new-found fire, forcing the Orediggers to take the defensive. CSU-Pueblo took seven shots in the first 30 minutes of the half and their persistence paid off when Mines committed a foul within the 18 yard box giving CSU-Pueblo a penalty kick in the seventy-ninth minute which they subsequently converted. That was all a comeback the home team could muster though, as the stifling Oredigger defense closed the final 11 minutes of the game out to take the 2-1 victory. Goalie Colin Baker only had to make one save in the contest, and as a team, Mines outshot CSUPueblo 16-12, but were outshot 7-5 in the second stanza. There were three yellow cards in the contest and only 14 fouls, 8 for Mines and 6 for CSU-Pueblo. Akindele now has 20 points on the season (8 goals and 4 assists), and Moniz recorded his second assist of the year. The Orediggers played Sunday, and continue their homestand this Friday against Adams State at 5:00 pm.

CSM golf comes up short
Chris Robbins Staff Writer
The top-ranked Colorado School of Mines golf team had a rough time at the Golfweek Division II Fall Invitational in Oregon this week, finishing the tournament 11th out of 15 competing schools and 53 strokes behind champion California State-Monterey Bay. Senior Kyle Grassel was the Orediggers’ highest finisher, ending up tied for 26th and 16 shots behind winner Brandon Hortt of CSU-Monterey Bay. After shooting a 325 in round one, Mines was tied with UC-Colorado Springs for tenth at 37 over par. After some improvement cut the team’s second round score down to 309 (+21), the Orediggers left the course Monday tied for ninth at 58 over par with Western Washington. Tuesday’s final round went about as well, as a 312 team score gave the team an overall 946 (+82) for the tournament, which placed the Orediggers 11th in the event. Senior Kyle Grassel led all Mines golfers, as strong showings in the final two rounds (8375-75-233, +17) placed him in a tie for twenty-sixth out of the field of 75. Junior Jordan Arndt finished in thirtieth place after three consistent rounds (78-7878-234, +18), while John Ahern (79-78-80-237, +21) finished tied for thirty-seventh. Senior Michael Lee (85-78-79-242, +26) was forced to overcome a rough first round, but rebounded in his last two rounds to finish tied for fiftyfirst, and Kyle Miley (88-84-80252, +36) ended the tournament in a tie for seventy-first. After facing tough competition from around the nation at this event, the Mines golfers will return to Golden and have several days off before they compete again. Their next tournament is much closer to home; this time in Pueblo for the CSU-Pueblo Invitational, the team’s second RMAC tournament of the season. That event tees off on Monday, October 14th.

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october 7, 2013

o p i n i o n / s a t i r e

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Minds at Mines Favorite element
Katerina Gonzales Content Manager
The Mines campus is one of the few settings where nerds can talk about their favorite elements. Some are practical, such as nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon, while others are favorites of the explosive-loving students. Some elements are favorites purely because of their name, such as krypton. This week, Minds at Mines went around campus asking, “What is your favorite element and why?”

Ethics Across Campus
Brian Zaharatos Guest Writer

The Demand for Liberal Arts Skills
problem-solving skills, critical thinking, etc.—fall very nicely under the category of a liberal arts (or humanities) education. Although there has been a decline in liberal arts majors in recent years, Grewcock’s remarks reinforce the fact that a liberal arts education—the rigorous study of philosophy, political science, English, history, etc.—is invaluable. Further, his remarks reflect a more general trend among the desires of employers. For example, according to a recent report by the “Chronicle of Higher Education,” “160 employers and 107 college presidents agreed to help the public understand the importance of a ‘21st-century liberal-arts education,’ comprising broad and adaptive learning, personal and social responsibility, and intellectual skills.”[1] In another article in “Business Insider” titled “Eleven reasons to Ignore the Haters and Major in the Humanities,” Max Nisan claims that a liberal arts education, among other things, actually teaches one how to think (as opposed to what facts to memorize), how to sell ideas, and how to successfully deal with people.[2] My personal experience with the liberal arts (undergraduate, graduate, and teaching work in philosophy) has been nothing short of pure joy. To the extent that I am a clear thinker (perhaps a topic of debate!), I have the study of philosophy to thank. Philosophy helps one think more clearly about whatever topic one chooses to study, including STEM topics. Though it is no fault of their own, I have no doubt that my freshman students would have a much easier time understanding some of the more difficult topics in calculus I (e.g., the Intermediate Value Theorem, the formal ‘epsilondelta’ definition of a limit) if they had the opportunity to be exposed to a more rigorous study of logic (a branch of philosophy) sometime during their education. Although Mines is well known for its great STEM education, the school also has a fantastic Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies (LAIS). While focusing on and majoring in STEM fields, Mines students can successfully develop some of the skills mentioned by Grewcock by choosing a minor in LAIS, or by applying to the McBride Honors Program. There is no doubt that the skills acquired through these programs can enrich the education experience of Mines students while at the same time make them more attractive on the job market. For more information on these opportunities, visit ________________ [1] Employers-Want-Broadly/138453/ [2] http://www.businessinsider. com/11-reasons-to-major-in-thehumanities-2013-6

Helium because it is number 1. Julia Hawn

Cesium because it makes a huge explosion. Holly Weyand

In the September 30, 2013 issue of the Oredigger, Jordan Francis reported on a wonderful interview that he conducted with Kiewit CEO Bruce Grewcock. In this interview, Grewcock suggested that, in addition to a working knowledge of STEM skills (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), Mines students who wish to become successful engineers ought to develop proficient critical thinking and communication skills. Francis writes: Grewcock said that to successfully interact with necessary and helpful non-technical people [people not well-versed in STEM fields], students and professionals must learn certain skills that are rarely taught in school. He claims that engineers need to learn to broaden their interests and perspectives, develop communication skills, and ask people’s opinions. Grewcock conveyed that he believes that these skills, in conjunction with a good sense of ethics, can help engineers both on a personal and industry-wide level. This advice is wonderful, though, to say that these skills are not taught in schools is probably inaccurate. The skillset being described by Grewcock—understanding ethics, diverse perspectives, the development of communication skills,

Testing Safety Briefing
Tungsten. It’s unique. It’s like W for no reason. Matt Walderston

Welcome to your common exam, and thank you for testing with the Physics Department. I will be your TA for the duration of this exam. Whether you have tested with us before, or this is your first time, please pay full attention to the following academic dishonesty briefing. There will be no beverage service, and outside beverages are not allowed. We apologize for this inconvenience. Bathrooms are located past the rear exits, but that knowledge is inherently futile since,

I like neon because it reminds me of the lights and they are pretty. Blake Cross

aside from emergencies, their use is strictly prohibited during testing. Before entering into our state of the art testing facility, please remove all bulky jackets, watches, cell phones, keys, hats, bags and backpacks. Baseball caps are permitted during the exam, but please be sure to turn the brim to the back. This request is partially due to the fact that answers could be written on the brim, but mostly because we want everyone to look a little more bro-ish. Also, please leave all calculators and equation sheets outside the testing facility. Do not fret though, because I will bring around an identical calcuSudoku Puzzle - Medium

lator and equation sheet to the ones that are forbidden. If you are found in possession of any unapproved items, you will receive an “F” for this course. This exam will last approximately 105 minutes. Before we begin, please find the nearest clock, remembering the nearest clock may be behind you. However, please do not turn around during testing because that can be misconstrued as cheating. This concludes our academic honesty briefing for this exam. Please sharpen your pencils, turn to the first page, and enjoy the test.

Editorials Policy The Oredigger is a designated public forum. Editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval and may edit submitted pieces for length so long as the original meaning of the piece is unchanged. Opinions contained within the Opinion Section do not necessarily reflect those of Colorado School of Mines or The Oredigger. The Oredigger does not accept submissions without identification and will consider all requests for anonymity in publication on a case-by-case basis. Submissions less than 300 words will receive preference.

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c r o s s w o r d
ACROSS 1 Fruit drink (6,6) 9 Member of Tinners’ Parliament requires tin to be brought to a height (9) 10 One is left nothing (5) 11 Terribly rude filth (6) 12 Operatic heroine gives thanks (8) 13 Ex-president of Yugoslavia doesn’t start in the usual manner (6) 15 About-turn can be employed more than once (8) 18 The enemy’s returning old silk to the front of the ship (8) 19 Turn over hotel heartlesly (6) 21 The privileged can use it to pay for diamond perhaps (4,4) 23 C-convexity of surface (6) 26 Out of practice for a year (5) 27 Birnam Wood marched to here? ‘S absurd (9) 28 Drivers end up here, of course, having drunk up dry gin mix (7,5) DOWN

october 7, 2013

1 Greek hero lost doughty exterior, having swallowed ring of bone (7) 2 Give notice over conflict (5) 3 Turning traitor, initially, renegade is produced (9) 4 Bristle at extremely egregious upset (4) 5 Held aloft... plutonium? (8) 6 Part of plant could become petals with time (5) 7 Leaderless town in Beds is liable to flare up (8) 8 Writer embracing revolting militia movement ends up in the soup (6) 14 Pupil has ordained learning experience cut short, having no master (8) 16 Browning in Australia, giving offensive snub to a monarch? (9) 17 Attribute good character to a church leader (8) 18 Work out to keep or improve it (6) 20 Old dish for 8 - could be casserole, we hear (7) 22 Shy bear we’re told - or another animal (5) 24 Minor poet like Wordsworth? Hardly! (5) 25 Nameless woman in Massenet’s opera gets beheaded (4)


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