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Fernando  Miguel  Ángel  Santamaría  Pérez   A01210518   Instituciones  y  Organismos  Internacionales   RI2014   Regional  Integration   Creation  Context   • Bolivarian

 Alliance  for  the  Peoples  of  our  America-­‐  Peoples´  Trade  Treat  (ALBA-­‐TCP):  

The  organization  borne  as  a  try  to  create  Latin  American  Integration.  This  has  direct   antecedent  in  the  conception  of  the  area  on  the  nineteenth  century  during  the  independence   processes  in  the  whole  continent.     • Association  of  Southeast  Asian  Nations  (ASEAN):    

The  direct  antecedent  of  ASEAN  was  the  Association  of  Southeast  Asia  (ASA)  integrated  by   Philippines,  Malaysia  and  Thailand  in  1961.  On  8  August  1967  the  ministers  of  Indonesia,   Malaysia,  Philippines,  Singapore  and  Thailand  signed  the  ASEAN  declaration  in  Bangkok  making   these  countries  and  its  ministers  are  considered  the  “founding  fathers”.  The  desire  of  nations   development,  the  fear  of  communism  and  the  mistrust  of  the  powers  in  60’s  was  the  main   drivers  to  create  this  association.  In  8  January  of  1984  Brunei  Darussalam  became  the  sixth   member.   Founding  Countries:   • ALBA-­‐TCP:  

Cuba  and  Venezuela   • ASEAN:  

Indonesia,  Malaysia,  Philippines,  Singapore,  Thailand.   Objectives:   • ALBA-­‐TCP  

The  initiative  is  inspired  in  the  principles  of  Bolívar,  considered  by  them  as  the  largest  Liberator   of  America  seeing  the  continent  as  “the  greatest  nation  in  the  world,  except  for  its  size  and   wealth  as  by  her  freedom  and  glory”.  They’re  seeking  for  a  more  fair,  educated,  participative   an  solidarity  society.     The  guidelines  to  achieve  these  objective  are  the  follow:   1.  -­‐  Trade  and  investment  should  not  be  ends  in  themselves,  but  tools  to  achieve  sustainable   and  equitable  development,  for  true  American  and  Caribbean  integration  can  not  be  blind  

 with  particular  respect  and  promotion  of  indigenous  cultures  and  indigenous.   6.   3.   To  do  this  requires  the  effective  participation  of  the  state  as  regulator  and  coordinator  of   economic  activity   2.   9.  -­‐  Inclusive  development  of  communications  and  transportation  between  the  Latin  American   and  Caribbean  countries.  and  to  ensure  access  by  all  nations  to  participate  in   the  benefits  arising  from  the  integration  process.  -­‐  Defense  of  Latin  American  and  Caribbean  culture  and  identity  of  the  peoples  of  the   region.  so  that  it  promotes  specialization.  using  modern   technologies  already  tested  in  Venezuela.   8.  a  Latin  American  Investment  Fund.  Development  Bank  of  the  South.  do  not  become  an   obstacle  to  the  necessary  cooperation  in  all  fields  between  the  two  countries  .daughter  of  the  market.   7.  proposed  by  President  Hugo  Chavez  at  the  Summit  of   South  American  countries.  including  joint  plans  for  roads.  a  Latin  American  plan  for  free  health  treatment  to   citizens  lacking  such  services  and  plan  of  regional  scholarship  in  the  areas  of  greatest  interest   to  the  economic  and  social  development.   .-­‐The  economic  complementarity  and  cooperation  between  the  participating  countries  and   competition  between  countries  and  productions.  rail.  nor  a  simple  strategy  to  expand  markets  External  or  stimulate  trade.  efficient   and  competitive  that  supports  balanced  economic  development  of  each  country.   encourage  a  rational  use  of  resources  and  prevent  the  proliferation  of  wasteful  consumption   patterns  unrelated  to  the  realities  of  our  people.  while  protecting  the  heritage  of  Latin  American   and  Caribbean  countries  against  the  greed  of  transnational  corporations.  sea  and  air  lines.  -­‐  Energy  integration  between  the  countries  of  the  region.  and   Latin  American  financial  guarantor.   10.  with  the   aim  of  reducing  dependence  on  the  countries  of  the  region  for  foreign  investors.  and  promotes  the   Bolivarian  Republic  of  Venezuela  with  Petroamerica.  Creating   the  Television  South  (Telesur)  as  an  alternative  instrument  in  the  service  of  the  spread  of  our   realities.  among  others.  recently  held  in  Ayacucho.  -­‐  Measures  to  intellectual  property  rules.  -­‐  Actions  to  promote  sustainability  through  regulations  to  protect  the  environment.  -­‐  Promoting  American  capital  investments  in  Latin  America  itself  and  the  Caribbean.   11.  including  a  Continental  Plan  against  Illiteracy.  to  ensure  a  stable  supply  of  energy   products  for  the  benefit  of  Latin  American  and  Caribbean  societies.   5.  -­‐  Cooperation  and  solidarity  that  is  expressed  in  special  plans  for  the  least  developed   countries  in  the  region.  with   strategies  of  poverty  reduction  and  the  preservation  of  the  cultural  identity  of  the  peoples   4.  taking  into  account  the  level  of  development  of  various   countries  and  the  size  of  their  economies.   telecommunications  and  others.  Those  would   be.  -­‐  Creating  the  Social  Emergency  Fund.  -­‐  Special  and  differential  treatment.

 Political  comission.  telecommunication  and  transportation.  Committee  of  women  and  equal  opportunities.  Political  Council.  ASEAN  connectivity   division.12.  transportation  and   communication  to  rise  up  the  living  standards  of  the  people.  -­‐  Look  for  the  economic  growth.   technical  and  administrative  spheres.   • ASEAN:   It  has  the  following  organisms:  Secretary  General.    ASEAN  Political  and  Security  community  department.  Internal  Audit   and  evaluation  division.  –  Collaborate  more  effectively  for  the  expansion  of  their  agricultural  industries  and  their   trades  studying  the  problems  of  international  commodities  trades.  Self-­‐Determination.  cultural.   Working  Group  on  International  Law.  Economic  Council.  ASEAN    Socio-­‐Cultural   community  department.   3.   • ASEAN:   The  objectives  of  the  association  are:   1.  social  progress  and  cultural  development  of  the  region   through  the  spirit  of  partnership.  Social  council.  –  Promote  active  collaboration  and  mutual  assistance  in  subjects  of  common  interest   (economic.  including  the  struggle  for  democratization  and   transparency  in  international  organizations.   5.    Executive  Suppòrt  division.  –  Promote  regional  peace  and  stability  respecting  the  law  of  and  between  the  countries   supported  by  the  adherence  to  the  principles  of  United  Nations  Charter.     2.  scientific  and  administrative  fields)     4.  technical.  strategic  planning  and  coordination  division.  Committee  for  the   Defense  of  Nature.       6.  professional.    Community  and  Corporate  affairs  Department   Cooperation  forms:   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   Through  the  promotion  of  specialization  between  the  countries  of  the  association  sharing   special  plans  for  literacy.     Structure:   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   Is  integrated  by:  Presidential  Council.  social.  Respect  for  sovereignty  and  human   rights.  particularly  the  United  Nations  and  its  organs.  -­‐  Common  positions  in  the  multilateral  and  negotiation  processes  of  all  kinds  with   countries  and  blocs  in  other  regions.  –  Maintain  a  close  relation  and  a  beneficial  cooperation  with  existing  regional  and   international  organizations  with  similar  purposes.  Social   Movements    Council.   .  –  Provide  assistance  to  each  other  as  a  training  and  research  in  educational.  Standing  Committee  on  defense  and  sovereignty.

  Also  with  the  program  “Tiendas  del  ALBA”  market  local  products  of  the  countries  in  the   association  promoting  the  knowledge.  –  Establish  closer  links  for  doing  better  business.       .  Venezuela.   Trade:     • ALBA-­‐TCP:   Through  “Grannacional”  Company  Import  and  Export  they’re  trying  to  break  up  to  the   dependence  of  the  transnational  industries  (most  of  the  times  monopolistic  or  oligopolistic).  –  Be  in  some  of  the  cooperative  programs  or  projects.  use  and  consumption.  –  Education  and  training  in  ongoing  programs.  –  Information  in  access  issues  on  mutual  markets.   It’s  a  new  type  of  integration  beyond  economic  and  it’s  still  in  consolidation  from  the  principles   established  since  its  foundation.   Important  Countries   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   Bolivia.  Cambodia.  –  Exchange  of  technical  data   2.  –  Participate  in  other  form  of  cooperation  may  be  mutually  agreed  upon.  Ecuador.• ASEAN:   Forms  of  cooperation  may  include:   1.   • ASEAN:   Vietnam.  Cuba.   6.   Institutional  Framework   • ALBA-­‐TCP   Has  a  legal  and  institutional  framework  established  as  an  alternative  to  the  neoliberal  model.   4.  Indonesia.   • ASEAN:   With  the  ASEAN  Free  Trade  Area  (AFTA)  country  members  have  low  the  intra-­‐regionals  tariffs   against  the  Common  Effective  Preferential  Tariff  (CEPT)  99%  of  the  products  have  a  low  of  the   5  per  cent  on  its  tariff.   3.   5.

  h)  Respect  for  state  prerogatives  in  private  dispute  resolution.  and  the  principles  and   rules  of  international  law  in  resolving  their  disputes.  In  each  summit  they  evaluate  the  solitudes.• ASEAN   The  ASEAN  Charter  provides  institutional  framework  until  is  recognized  by  the  countries.  Admission   shall  be  decided  by  consensus.   d)  Adequacy  of  good  officiating.    Also   was  reinforced  in  2008  establishing  new  organs  to  boost  the  community-­‐building  process.  conciliators.   • ASEAN   .  should  be  an  agreement  to  be  bound  to  the  Charter.   c)  The  primacy  of  non-­‐contentious  means  of  dispute  resolution.   i)  Notice.   • ASEAN   The  procedure  for  application  and  admission  to  ASEAN  shall  be  prescribed  by  the  ASEAN   Coordinating  Council  and  should  be  based  on  the  following  criteria:     Admission  is  based  on  the  following  criteria:  Location  in  the  region  of  southeast  Asia.   g)  Extensive  multilateral  vocation  which  will  be  open  to  all  States  of  the  region.   f)  Fairness.     Admission  of  new  member  states   • ALBA-­‐TCP   By  invitation.  mediators  and  arbitrators.   recognition  by  all  members.   e)  Reasonableness  of  expenses.  recommendation  or  solitude.   b)  Recognition  of  the  lack  of  cases  pending  in  court  proceedings  or   Administrative  Parties  as  a  sine  qua  non  for  admission  and  registration   disputes.     Settlement  of  Disputes   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   The  settlement  of  disputes  will  be  guided  by  the  next  principles:   a)  Respect  and  full  applicability  of  the  domestic  laws  of  the  Parties.  and   transparency  in  the  election  system  thereof.

    • ASEAN:   ASEAN  will  be  stay  as  a  driving  force  building  the  constructive  and  strong  relationships   between  member  countries  and  ensuring  peace  and  security  also  will  be  looking  for  a  better   .   3.  generate  spaces  that  search  of  equality.  –  Act  by  previous  and  common  accord  before  other  instances    about  the  Bicentennial   celebrations  of  the  independence  of  the  country  members.   External  Relations   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   The  body  of  external  relations  is  formed  by  the  ministers  of  foreign  affairs  of  each  member.   Achievements   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   Help  to  articulate  social  movements.  Sectoral  Dialogue  Partner.  the  1996  Protocol  on  Dispute   Settlement  Mechanism  and  subsequently  the  2004  Protocol  for  Enhanced  Dispute  Settlement   Mechanism  (EDSM)  2007  ASEAN  Charter  gives  the  framework  for  the  economic  disputes.  The  consolidation  of  the  union.  social  welfare   and  poverty  alleviation.  -­‐  Coordinate  the  celebrations  of  the  independence  of  each  member  country  as  one  based  on   the  idea  of  panamericanism.   Prospective  Scenario   • ALBA-­‐TCP:   1.  offers  a  forum   where  the  Asian  countries  can  discuss  the  problems  related  to  the  area.The  earliest  mention  of  a  dispute  of  settlement  on  the  association  was  en  1971  Declaration  on   the  Zone  of  Peace.  –  Support  each  other  so  these  celebrations  constitute  a  starting  point  for  a  new   transformation  on  Latin  American  societies.  political  sovereignty  and  economic   base  has  been  built  and  developed  independently.   Development  Partner.  also  created  a   favorable  environment  to  economic  growth.   2.  or  other  status.   also  create  the  policies  with  other  countries  and  coordinate  the  functioning  of  the  alliance.   • ASEAN:   Maintain  peace  and  stability  among  members  in  Southeast  Asia  and  Asia  Pacific.  Guest.  Three  treaties  are  the  base   of  the  settlement:  1976  Treaty  of  Amity  and  Cooperation  (TAC).  Freedom  and  Neutrality  and  committed  member  states  to  “rely  exclusively   on  peaceful  processes  in  settlement  of  intra-­‐regional  differences”.  Special  Observer.     • ASEAN:   Is  integrated  and  drive  by  foreign  ministers  of  country  members  and  organize  a  meeting  on  an   external  party  that  have  the  formal  status  of  Dialogue  Partner.

                                                      .  It  will  care  about  the  development  of  the  countries  on  the  region   advocating  on  the  identity  and  the  will  to  share  a  better  future.economic  integration.

alba-­‐tcp.asean.  Consultado  el  4  de  Abril  de  2013  en   Alianza  Bolivariana  para  los  pueblos  de  Nuestra  América  –  Tratado  de  Comercio  de  los                           .References:   • • Association  of  Southeast  Asian  Nations.  Consultado  el  4  de  Abril  de  2013  en   http://www.