John Hargrove Hotson
Isaiah 42, 9
the former things aré come to paSSt and new things
do l declare: before they spring forth l tell you of them.
Revised Edition
June 1970

"The Church is various as to truths, but is one through
charity. li A. C. 3451
•• that in heaven there are innumerable varieties of good
and truth, but that by harmony they never the less make one,
like the organs and members of the body.il A.C. 684, 690, 3241
"The case with the Lordls Kingdom on earth, that is, with
His Church, is that as it has its doctrinals from the literal
sense of the it cannot but be various and diverse as to
those doctrinalsoc.Thus the Lordls Church ••• will differ every­
where, and this not only according to communities, but some­
times according to the individuals in a communitYj but a dis­
agreement in the doctrinals of faith does not pre vent the
Church from being one, provided there is unanimity as to will­
ing well and acting wellen A. C. 3451
"At this day scarcely anyone knows what the internal of the
ChUrCh is: it towards the neighbor in will, and
from the will in act, and thence faith in perception, who knows
this? •• n They who do not know that this is the internal and
thus the essential of the Church stand at the most remote dis­
tance from the first step towards the understanding of (the
things here explained), thus from the innumerable and ineffable
things which are in heaven.
A. C. 4899
"And there was given me a reed like a staff, signifies that
the faculty and power of knowing the state of the
Church in heaven and in the world was given him by the Lord.
By la reed
is signified power, Buch as man has from
himSelf; and by is signified great such as a
man has from the A. R-: 48"5
We all i'know
the above passages, but how shall we apply
them? Even when the New Church has achieved an inner spiritual
unit y - as it must, for there is no internal worship in faith
alone - differences in doctrinals and worship will still exist-­
facets of the same diadem--varieties of goods and truths which
perfect the Lordls Kingdom. We must not expect the currents set
in motion by the 11970 World Assembly ta bring early organizational
mergers--still lessa creed and worship.
Such an idea is a false concept of unit y and destroys the hope
of the genuine can attain. he eyes cannot perform the
function of tlie ears, nor the heart the function of the lungs,
but we can recognize that the Lordls Church forms one body spirit­
ually seen
and st rive to ultimate that truth in life.
l believe that it would be very much in order for a continu­
ing "most general body performing uses which are in common
result from the coming together to celebrate the 200th Anniversary
of the Second Coming of the Lord. Such a body was long aga suggest­
ed by Bishop F. Pendleton in his e:3say "Unit y in the New Church."
This body could do much to promote understanding and mutual aid and
like John the Baptist could prepare the Way of the Lord.
This paper, which l originally wrote in 1962, is being re­
issued now in the hope that it is of use to the Church as she
1 strives ta make herself ready to become the Bride and
Rereading it and the correspondence l had concerning
it with ministers and laymen of all branches of the Church l
considered whether a major rewriting of the paper was necessary.
l have decided that, although many things l tried to say could
have been said better, and sorne things l said might better have
been left unsaid, to leave the paper as it was save for minor
corrections. Rere l shall merely indicate my own thoughts regard.
ing the reactions to several points raised and a few further
First a disclaimer. The theme of the paper is that from the
teachings the Word concerning the changes of state of the
Church, and man in his regeneration, that it is possible to know
why the New Church has developed as it has, and form sorne idea
garding its future. The paper seeks to apply sorne of the great
series of the Word - The Seven Days of Creation, the Four Churches,
The Sons of Jacob and others to the histories of the organized
bodies of the New Church. It does not attempt to say anything
about changes in the state of the Church Universal, or the individ­
uals in these bodies in own regeneration. These are immense,
and immensely important subjects. Doubtless there are essential
correspondences between these three subjects, but little is said
concerning them here. We are taught that the Church where the
Word is and is understood is as th heart.. and(lungs
(A.C. 9256)
- ./
and doubtless as its state changes the state of the whole Church,
and those in the world outside of the Church, change also.
If the central argument of the paper concerning our present
situation-...;that the New Church is in its Third Day--is correct it rG
certainly helps to account for the incrëàsing des air evident in
the worJ-d for we are taught, "Th; las the Church is there­
fore signified by the Third Day. " (A.C. 1825) ifbs there ever a
time when a total damnation mosre stood at the dQor and threatened
than now? On every plane man seems to have reached a dead end.
If the weapons science has given him do not destroy him it seems
his numbers, chemicals, and waste products will. All the apparent
goods and self justifications of the nations are exposed as rotten
within. Man plunges toward death and unless the Lord saves us man
will destroy himself utterly.
But He will save us. When the pre-advent Churches had sunk
te a me tative of a Church the Lord made His First Âdvent.
When the Christian Church fell the Lord made His Second Coming.
His New Church is the Crown of the Churches. In a world historical
Isense this Church is the Seventh Day of Creation (A.C. 9741) on
which the Lord shall rest to eternity. We may be sure of His final
triumph over all the hells in man. Rowever, in its own development,
the New Church must go throu h man trials before it cornes to a full
11But,1I I have been asked, fiwhat warrant do you have for an
attempt to know the State of the Church? Where is it taught that
man can know this, or should want to know?"
There is nothing in my paper that all in the New Church do not
affirm in general--that the spiritual sense of the Word trcats
chiefly Ofeihe (th: chiefly
(Last Judgmen 80); that lt lS now wlth a few ln early, ext<::rnal
states; that it must ss to childhood,
youth, and maturity; that it lS lnfested b Bab lon and the dragon
but will overcome them rom the Lord. What-New Church man denles
any of this? What is questionable is my application of these truths
in a particular way to the history of the particular organizations
which have grown up in the first 200 years of the New Age.
These applications should be questioncd. For a thing is not
so because any man says so, but because the Lord teaches it in
His Word. We can rightly understand nothing in the Word unless
the Lord gives us to see. We should, however, look for the Doctrine
01 the Development of the Church in the Word. know there is a
special providence over every aspect of its growth as wc affirm in
the favorite hymn:
Oh Zion, rise in glory, and shine before thy Lord;
Behold thy wondrous story unfolded in His Worw.
There are myriad concerning the development of the Church.
Of what use are aIl these teachings l we can mak no ap lication
of them?
The Future of the New Church is my attempt to understand why
the New Church movement became divided and to see what the future
might hold. I am aware that 't partial and poorly expréssed. It
may be quite wrong--a weak that will pierce the
36:6) If so l can onl thE Lord a staff
to than I. For the men of the Chu ch
cannot help but have sorne "doctrInel! or fltheoryil of the J)
of the Church. If we do not have a weIl developed doctrine based
6n the Word and ;Xperienëe we will hold some poorer concept--as .
that 'the true New Church is -e denomnation wehappene-cr to be
born into and that aIl others are to be held as heretics or dead
1 churches" This 11doctrine" forth the fires of the
ol-!aith alone, which we must overcome. -­
John Hargrove Hotson
R. R. # 3
Preston, Ontario
June la, 1970
Arcana Coelestia 2913
The Church would be one if all had charity, notwithstanding
a difference as to doctrinals and worship.
Malachi 3, 1-4
Behold l send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way
before Me, and the Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to
His temple, even the Angel of the Covenant whom ye desire.
But who may abide the day of His coming? And who shall stand
when He appeareth? For He is like a refiner's rirë; and like
fuller's soap; and He shall sit refining and purifying silver,
' and shall purOfy the sons of Levi, and shall purge them as
gold and silver, that they may bring to Jehovah-an offering
in shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem
unto Jehovah; according to the days of an age and
according to former years.
Genesis l, 14-19
And God said, Let there be luminaries in the expanse of the
heavens, to distinguish between the day and the night; and let
them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years.
And let them be for luminaries in the expanse of the heavens to
give light upon the earth; and it was so. And God made two
great luminaries, the greater luminary to rule by day, and the
lesser luminary to rule by night; and the stars. And God set
them in the expanse of the heavens, to give light upon the
earth; And to rule in the day, and in the
distinguish between the light and the dark
that it was good. And the evening and the
fourth day.
and to
and God
Arcana Coelestia 10
The fourth state is when the man is affecteLw.-it.tL.love, and
illuminated by faith. He indeed previously discoursed piously,
and brought forth goods, but he did so in consequence of the
temptation and straitness under which he labored, and not from
faith and charity: therefore faith and charity are now enkindled
in his internal man, and are called two "lights-."
The Doctrine 2f pevelopment of Church
May Seen in The Word
What can we know of states of the Lord's New Church S
before the states occur, since fore the:Lord
alone? We can know this much: this Church is the Crown of aIl the
Churches which have hitherto existed in the world. We could be wrong
about everything else in our belief about the future; this cannot fail
\ to be. We know that the final state of full instauration of the New
Church is represented in the final chapt ers of the Apocalypse as the
Holy city New Jerusalem coming down from God out of heaven, prepared
as a bride adorned for her husband. Knowing this do we really know
any more about the' future of the New Church on earth" than a -!Jlember of
the Apostolic Church the fu ure 0 the First Christian
Cnurch? Such a member knew from the Apocalypse that the "world" would
"end" when the Last Judgment occurred and the Lord made His Second
Coming, Qut in every the Last Judgment and the Second Coming
he was in fallacious ideas. Or we should compare ourselves to
of the Jewish ëhurch who were 1n patient expectation of the
Messiah and yet in utterly fallacious ideas about His First Coming.
Both the Jew and the Christian knew that the Lùxd was ta come, of
how He was to come they knew nothing:--­
Can we know anything of the future of the New Church? Can we
rightly understand the past and present sA tes of the development of
the Church? Can we know whether we t the first dawn of the
First Day of Creation in Genesis 1:1, 0 ear the ct f the
so that we may hope to see the Holy City descend into our
midst? In the very first sentence of the first number of the first
1 volume of the first work which Swedenborg wrote as the Servant of the
Lord Jesus Christ, as thou h to give it emphasis above aIl else, this
teaching is given: -- ­
"From the mere letter of the Word of the Old Testament no one
would ever knQw that this part of the Word contains heavenIy arcana,
tthd that everything within it both in generül and pnrticular has
reference to the Lord, to His heaven, to the church, to faith, und
to aIl things connected therewith." A. 1:1
From this number we can see that our situation is quite different
from that of the Jew or Christian. One attempting to form a doctrine
of the development of the New Church from a study of the Word is
confronted not with of teachings on the subject. Rather he
is given such a richness and variety of teachings, not only in passages
which openly treat of the development of the Church, but also in many
others which in the letter treat of other matters, that there is a
danger that the mind will be overwhelmed and that no connection and
of the teachings can result. Indeed, one's
the Word is supported by- doctrine from the Word from
the Lord.
the m1nd must flounder. Either one will come to no c ear
conclusion or to a heresy. That doctrine support the Word and how
one is enlightened by the Lord we are taught in A. 9424.) -­
"He who does not know the arcana of heaven must needs believe
that the Word is supported without doctrine from it; for he supposes
that the Word in the letter, or the literaI sense of the Word, is
doctrine itself o But be it known that aIl doctrine of the chureh
must be from the and that the doctrine from any other source
than the Word is not doctrine in which there is anything the
church, still less anything of heaven. But the doctrine must be
collected from the Word, and while it is being cô11ected, the man
Imust be in enlightenment from the Lord; and he is in enlightenment
when he is in the love of truth for the sake of truth, and not for
the sake of self and the world. These are they who are enlightened
in the Word when they read it, and who see truth, and from it maka
for themselveson.they who are genuine doctrine of
the Word, and in enlightenment when they read the Word,
see everywhere truths that agree, and nothing whatever that is
opposed;.ooNor are the ed astra b falsities from the fallacies
o!-the external senses, as is the case with heretics
especial1y the Jews and Socinians; nor b f,
of and the world, as is the case who y
, As noneoftheSë--cailEe-enlightened, they "OUtfrom
. j
aIone a favor of theiI!:'J1tn loyes, and
add thereto many things from own; whereby the Word is by no
means supported; but falls."
One who seeks to collect doctrine from the Word must examine his
1 for desiring such doctrine to see if he is motivateg:Jiij" i(- "!ive
qf truth for tlie sake of trutli,11 or a love of truth, "for the sake of
1 self it'rid the worIa." Those to whom such an effort is presented must
'kikewise examine it to see if it is in accord with the genuine sense of
the Word and is a further support to the understanding of it,
see where, and if, the cl'lllector has "hatched out from the external
sense alone a doctrine in favor of jliis70wn 10ves.
and addedthere­
to anything from his own. Thus doctrine must ass throug efining
fire and aIl dross consumed for the church
asv_ell as for an individual.
Those who examine such efforts, and hard labor, are, like the
laborer, in a twin danger. One they may accept false doctrine as
enuine because the falsities erein appeal to t 'r sel ves.
Two they may reject genuine doctrine because i condemns and judges
evils a. . ies which élll.e bee confirme. Le ray that 11
r in His rovidence will gran.t us pe_u_e.Jltj._ Ilg'-oLint.etior-t.rltth
so that we may draw doctrine from the Word which will be of use the
UPbuilding of His C. hurch. May we he en1ightened to distinguish between
J genuine doc tri tained in the Word Dnd D.p1?earances of.. the
To return to the questions asked above: it is my belief that from
the Word we can understand a very great deal about the past, present,
and future of the Lord's New Church. We can know what the present
state of the ehurch is, and mueh of what go, and become, to
.'lcome to the far fuller states of con 'unction with the Lord which are
in our future
l believe there is a definite or cr and progression
. ordained for the church the Lord's Providence we
can see not only in general and in the abstract, but that in
thus far we can make definite app ications
and judgment.
l believe that this universal teaching concerning the
-:f the church is-given not once, but over and "-ver, and
that each time it new aspects of the same truths are imparted
to increase our understanding. l believe further that these series
indicate that we are about to enter a most lorious §tage in the
a onaf the New Cnurcli:- Al-though there are greater struggles
against evil and-falsity to be waged in this state than
anything the church has yet encountered, there is to be in this state
a_closer union with the Lord than an thin. any congregation of the New
_Church has_ yet known, wi th greater love and wisdom inthe church
from the Source of all love and wisdom.
Because l want ta bring together sa many teachings and series ta
show their harmony and union, l must express ideas in as few words as
and will not be able at all to âevelop in
brevity will also make it appear that l am saying, "1 know," when
cbviously l should only say, "Perhaps ••• , is it not reasonable, etc."
With this in mind, l would proceed as follows.
Everyone who is being regenerated by the Lord is passing througp
Seven Da s of Creation. Church must likewise pass through
the Seven Da s, for an individual is a church in least-form, and what
iS true for a lesser form is true for the greater also. The even
are also contained and reflected in the whole book-of Genesis
in the histories of Adam, Noah, Eber, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and
In recognition of the of these seven states of
regeneratnon to the successive states of development of the New Churcbmnr
rThe Lordls New Church which is Nova-Hierosolyma in 1956 adopted a
doctrinal statement, The Formation of the Church, based on this Genesis
It was seen rrom the Arcan;-that the Fourth State, the call
of Abram, represents the of the Lord to the Church and
that Joseph represents His Second Coming. See the appendix for this
r statement. For a further development of this statement see, A Study
of the States of the Formation of the Church, by Reverend Rarr W.
where-rt is shown Seven Days QI Creation contain the
of the Formation of the Church.
It is also well known in Apocalypse deals with
the last of the old church and he e s 0 the
New Church being particularly t eated of in the letters to the Seven
in the sealing of-the Twelve Tribes of Israel,
} Clothed with the Sun, who flees into the from the
tê-ces of the aragon, -the M-arriage Supper 0 the LamE, and
church is depicted as the Roly City. Much attention has rightly been
focused on ha ter 12 of the Apocalypse it ha ee1lrecognized
that whatever_else they have been-alld none of e organ­
ized bodies of the New Church; Conferenc ·'-C_Q!lvention, The General ­
'éhurch, The Nova Hierosolyma, ha-s yet "made herself ready"-to pasa
the wilderness state to De ome the Bride and Wife of ttie amb.
It is not merely in these first and last books of the Old and New
Testaments that we find series which the Third Testament shows to
treat the develo ment of the ew Church. The Twelve Sons of Israel
and tne-tribes-thence describe in their nativitie:s, blessings, histories
and several conjunctions, all the goods and truths of the church.
The of the four churches, Most Ancient, Ancient, Hebrew, and
Christian, which have existed prior to the New Church, the depiction
of the state of the fallen Christian Church, and of the Lord's Ministry
and Glorification, are aIl full of meaning fer the development of the
New Church. Doubtless there are many more series than these, but
already we have a seemingly great complexity.
In seeking to apply these series we must ever remember several
universal principles concerning the opposition of evil and falsity to
r the Lord's building of His New Church. We know that trust in self
rather than ord is the universal evil that destroys aIl
1 churches o We are further instructed, as 741a, that the evils
U which infest the church are of two kinds symbolized y the n;agon and
represents those who make God three, ttie-ifu.d two,
and make faitn saving. (A.R. 537) Babylon represents self
worship and desire froID self to rule over the truths of faith.
(A.E. 1029) These evils in froID evil societies in the spiritual
J 1 world and persecute the New Church. We cannot understand the history
y of the New Church apart frOID this Nor can the
. has reco nized in what manner has been
infested, Fe ents of and falsities to which as been se ucea,
and casts out nraconic and Babylonic influences where ever they are
recognized. Our pride and selI us that our church has not
been seduced, l"'ttiougninfes a . n can be recognized in the "other
two" branches. The Arcana Coelestia tells l1S that "every church is
that it ip.cludes a true internaI and a corrupt interna , a true
a corrupt ext rnal." (A. 1238) To trust in self is to
dêstroy our church, to trus in the Lord's Word is to build it.
That the New Church is to be infested by the dragon is taught
plain1y in the Apocalypse Explained and Apocalypse Revealed in explan­
ation of Chapter 0 the Apocalypse. The New Church is there
depicted as pursued and warred by the dragon. Verse 9 states that
the "great dragon(Y;as cast out, ca11ed the devil and satan, that
àeduceth the whole world; he was cast out into the earth," To seduce
the whole earth is to pervert aIl things of the church. (A.E. 741)
Further in verse 13, "'And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto
the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the son,' sign­
ifies that the dragon in the world of spirits, immediately upon their
bein thrust down, began to infest the New Church wn account of it-é
j doctrine 0" (A .R. 5-60 The dragon cannot_ be out of the New
,asOût Mf Heaverl"'ünti! nize the success he has had in
Ylperv:rting the of aIl branches of the New Church.
recognize the things of the dragon(with USiwe must read the
passages the Word which treat of the dragon, that old serpent, from
his seduction Eve in the Garden to the depiction of his terrible
power over Protestant Christianity not as mere history. real Use
of these IDany passages is not at make us feel superior to former
churches, but to enlighten us as to how still infernal
societies frOID these infest the New_Church today. We know
frOID the Word that "the Devil is come down" unto us IIhav"ng great anger,
J knowing that he hath time." (Rev. 12,12) because his defeat
by Michael and his angels in the heavens is to be re eated in the
"earth" which is Cnu!'ch.
In the same manner we must see that Babylon is not finally
destroyed and cast like a millstone into the sea long as such
lonish strivin for( su remacyl con inuLwithin the New ure.
IIndeed, en years m now when he Catholic Church is as
dim a memory as the M0s.1.-A-ncient Church is 'today, these passages'will
still have living meaning for the New Church.
We learn in the remarkable that the "crafty" and
"pernicious .. reasonings cf those meant y e dragon about the separa­
tion of faith from good works, ••• are only with the learned of
the church, and are not known to tne eo e 0 e c urc ecause they
are not understood by them, therefore 1t is b the latter t at the New
Chured hich is called the Holy Jerusalem, is helped and also grows." _
Tt--is also manefestly true that it lS e pr1ests and m1nisters6f the
' 'New Church who are most by seduction to babylon1an love of
rule since their Use requires of them le3dership and a certain pre­
leminence. Caution, prudence, and true charity must in seeking
to apply this knowledge. Thot we must recognize and cast out the
/Dragon and Babylon does not mean that we must cast out some minister
because, in our opinion, his doctrine tends to divide God, or faith
( from charity, nor should we of the laity feel pride that we have dozed
'--through innumerable sermons an doctrinal classes and thus "helped the
chureh" by not receiving any dragonish reasonings which may have been
present! Nor are we competent to judge whether a given leader is animated
by a love ef rule from the love of Use, or a Babylonish love.
We must ever learn again to examine .these tendencies' apart from
person: If we should see that a tendency which was later seen to be
dragonish, entered the thinking of the church through the agency of a
individual, must look on hmm as the dragon's victim, not
condemn him as himself a dragon. We cannot know another's interiors,
and furthermore, a an's state The good that we have done is
the Lord with us; we must not merit in it or worship others because
this good is with them. The we have done is the influx ni
hell; let us not eonfirm it in ourselves nor condemn others for
That we must never condemn individuals/does not mean that we must
not review the histor of the New Church to date in order to see where
the dragon has infested her and prevailed against her. Nothing is more
/ ïmportan than that we do this. How can we recognize the dragon? We
have been told already; the dragon are those who make God three,
Lord two, and who make faith alone saving. Further, it is the dragon
who divides the church. "'That he might cause her to be swallowed up
by the river,' the church mi ht be and scattered
by reaspnings." C<A.E. 763}2)" Before turning to such nec essary, but
distressing matte s as tnese, however, let me state the thesis of this
Simply put forth it is as follows.
The Development the Church
( It is a Universal Law that "the Lord when He operates, does not
operate from first princ-ï'ples by mediates into ultimates, but from
first rinciples by ultimates, and so into mediates.
! (A.E. 1087.
The Lord, in establishing His New Church operated from
and created His of the New Jerusalem now enerally called the
Conferen_ce or Conven'tion. He then 0l'erated by l timates land •
:reated the General Church of the New Jerusalcm. He thereupon operated
created The Lord's New Church which is Nova Hierosolyma.
In manner
into exist .ce
the church responded,
from an acknowledgment

of the Lord St as the -f
Divine Man; he General Church coming to an acknowled ent of His
presence in lasts, in the Letter of the Writings, an he Nova Hiero-
solyma attaining to an acknowledgment
the Doctrine and Life of the Church.
of His presence in mediates, in
AlI three of these are the Lord's
"Know ye that the Lord He is God: it is He that hath made
us, and not we ourselves; we are His people, and the sheep of His
pasture." Psalm 100,
'\ Had it not been for the infestation of the this successive
operation of the Lord in primes, ultimates, and mediates would not have
resulted in corresponding separations in the church. Since
/p_<?§.llion was foreseen, it was of the Lord's permission that each of
these eternal planes of good and truth in Him should create
churches., This is not the end of the development, however, because a
fragm;nted New Churc is n t the end of Divine Providence., "Divine 7""
Love a is om go forth from the Lord as a one •• 8The end of the Divine '\
Providence is that every created thing•• such a one; and if it
'is not, that it shall become such." D.P. 4, 78 \ Consequently, the Lord
will erate to gather u2 these three lanes of Good and and
ltheir corresponding New Churches, i to this is the
Church which shall go forth from the
These planes of prime.,-_ultimate" and mediate in the Lord are also
meant b irit or Divine Proceeding; and the
the Wor 'an
they must foFm'one
by three
{ The Church of
Convention; as the
the Word. These are One Lord and
Church, E9t separated into three

the New Jerusalem, often called
first body of the Lord's New Church an essential
with aIl first things of love, life, and faith. This it
corresponds to the First Day of Creation; toFa1th in the Understanding,
the first of the church and of regeneration; to the Most Ancient, or
Adamic, Church; to the first son of Jacob, Reuben;
church represented by Jacob and his sons when they
Canaan; to Peter, the first of the disciples; and
Seven Churches which are in Asia, Ephesus.
,..r-' - 1-""'"
to the state of the
dwelt in the Land of
to the first of the
2 The\General Church 'of the New Jerusalem, created by the Lord in
-/lasts, e Word, has an essential correspondence to the Second
Day of Creation; to the acknowledgment of and hearkening to the Word in
its Letter; to Faith in the Will; to the Ancient, or
to the second of Jacob's sons, Simeon; to the state
Jacob and his sons dwelling in Egypt, thus with the
with aIl descents into Egypt; to Andrew; and to the
Asia, Smyrna"
Noachic, Church;
represented by
Ancient Church, and
second church in
------ ----
The Lord's New Church which is Hierosolyma, created by the
Lord in mediates, corresponds to the Third Day of Creationj to the
acknowledgment and following of Doctrine out of__the Wordj to Faith in
the Act, or Charity; to the Second Ancient, or Hebrew, Churchj to
Jacob's third son, Levij to the state of the church represented by the
twelve tribes for 40 years in the-wilderness under
to Jacob, the third disciple;

The New Church which is soon to be, to which we must look, for
,which we must labor ourselves, but knowing it is the Lord's
creation, is presented the Fourth of the Celestial
of Love to the he en of and the e inning 0 true
regenera 10nj by the four h of Jacob's sons, Judah; by the
"Children of Israel entering the Land of Canaan under Joshuaj
jthe d'ciple whom Jesus by tbe church in Th atira; above arr;
tt this fourth state of the church rnyese ts the First Comin of the Lord
and the r1 'an Church thence. As He by His Coming into the world
.glorified His Human, uniting it to His Divinity, so 3hall He gather u ,
"uplift, and g}orify the goods and truths of His partial New
C urches so that they may become truly His.

Without entering into a full treatment of any of the se series, let
us illustrate the History of the New Church so far by means of the
series of the First Three Days of Creation and the first three churches
thencej Adamic, Noachic, and Hebrew, showing the correspondence of1U1e
General Church, an Nova
1h2 First Day /The Conference-Convention
If the first chapter of Genesis is applied to the creation of the
New Church, rather than the regeneration of the individual, the result
is somewhat as follows.
1. "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."
The Lord in His Second Coming created the New Heavens and a New Church
in place of the former Christian Church.
'2. "And the earth was a void and emptiness, and thick darkness was
upon the faces of the deep. And the spirit of God moved upon the
faces of the waters." The judgment of the former Christian Church
that it was without good or truth and thus consummated.
3.. "And God said let there be light, and there was light.
enlightenment of the understandings of those who were to be of the
New Church.
4. "And God saw the light, that it was goodj and God distinguished
between the light and the darkness. And God called the light day,
and the darkness called He night." The separation of the New Church
from the former Christian Church.
,.-- - 5. "And the evening and the morning were the first day." The evening
is the consummation of the Christian Churchj the morning, the
of the New Church., "'Evening' means every preceding state, because it
± - state of shade, or of falsity and of no faith; 'morning' is every
subsequent state, being one of light, or of truth, and of the cognitions
of faith ••• As it is 'evening' when there is no faith, therefore the
Coming of the Lord into the World is called, 'morning,' and the time
when He comes, because faith is no faith is called 'evening.'" A. 22
The morning state of the First Day of the New Church is unfolded
·in the creation of Adam and his state in the Garden of Eden. It a
primitive celestial-sensual_state of love to the Lord and charity to­
war he 0 joyful perception that the Lord and Savior Jesus
Christ is the only God of heaven and earth, that He is aIl love and aIl
wisdom, that He wills to save aIl men, that He condemns no one, that He
' is making His Second Coming. It is a state of tender love, genuine
and faith in the which is a
enment. Like the Most Ancient Church which had no written Word, it is
an approach to the Lord as the Divine Human apart from an
acknowledgment of., and entering into, the scientifics of the Word.
Perhaps nowhere is this Adamic plane of the New Church and the two
essentials of love to e LQ d and charity toward the neighbor better
expressed than in Convention's beautiful Declaration of Faith.
"We worship the One God, the Lord, the Savior Jesus Christ, the
Creator and Redeemer of the world; in whom is the Father, the Son,
and the Holy Spirit; whose humanity is divine; who for our salvation
did come into the world and take our nature upon Him. He endured
temptation, even to the passion of the cross. He overcame the halls,
, and so delivered man. He glorified His humanity, uniting it with the
Divinity. which was l?egotten. (....ê3 became the Redeemer of thè
worTa •. W1thout th1S no mortal could have been saved: and they are
saveâ who believe in Him and keep the commandments of His Word. This
is His commandment, that we love one another, as He hath loved us.
Here we have no mention of the Lord as the Word, the Second Coming,
the Spiritual Sense of the Word, and the Life after Death, matters which
are the concern of the creed of the General Church. Love to the Lord
and charity toward the neighbor are the aIl in aIl.
Mamie Chureh reborn , "that. acknowledged no faith than that of love to
the Lord and love towards the Neighbor." A. 337
Who in the New Church does not know the story of the downfall of
the Adamic Church? That they were forbidden to Gat of the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, i.e., into the mysteries
of means thin s of (A. 126) that
they inclined to their ro rium or Eve, the evil and falsity that springs
from love of self and the world, and trusting self rather than the Lord
land the Word; that Eve harkened to the voice of the serpent or
land did eat of the desiri_n to be rather than the Lord,
and that her husband, the rational, consented.Thattheywere removed
1 from the Garden., to the state they had been in revious
J to regeneration (A. 284) and finally of aIl knowledge of what
is good and true lest theY-shOuld profane the holy things of faith;
• tna in time faith with them destroyed charity, representedùby
Cain killing Abel, and their remnant was destroyed by a flood of evil
a -fals."ty. AlI this is known, but beeause it is not known that
Convention corresponds to this Adamic Church the many indications in
e Third Testament that these states refer to the New Church are dis­
regarded, or if confessed as true, is one like the
general confession of sin in the Reformed does not become
a confessi an us brings aboul;ï1o repen anee •
the Adamic New Church. The Lord addresses it aS the
church WhlCh is in Ephesus with words of praise, love, consolation, and
instruction as to what is necessary to restore this Adamic
"But l have this against thee that thou hast left thy first charity.
Be of whence thou .has a and repent, and do the
first worksj not l will come unto thee quickly, and
thy lampstand Ol!t of its place, except thou re Rev. 2, 4-5.
The promise to retore the Adamic is openly giVên: "To him that over­
cometh will l give to eat of the tree of life which is in the midst of
the paradise of God." Rev. 2, 7.
The Second Day - The General Church
6. "And God said, let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters,
and let it divide, between the waters in the waters," This first
distinguishing of the second day involves the distinguishing between
the things fantasy or self-intelligence and the pure scientifics of
the Letter, the things actually said in the Writings. It was the will
toward this distinction, or the acknowledgm&nt __"Divine AuthQrity
0i the Writings" that led t'Othe -separation of the General Church from
the Convention.
7. "And God made the expanse, and divided between the waters which
were under the expanse, and the waters which were above the expansej
and it was so." This secc.nd distinction of the second day involves
the distinguishing not only between those things whiçh are oî
and those things which are ,roper to man, (A. 8) but also a first
of the Interna Sënse of the Word in the Writings as
distinct from the scientifics of its Letter. These two
the acknowledgment of the Divine with man, and of the Intern e of
the Testament, were the two basic cognitions that led to the
development 2!(the ova since these have never been fully
received in the General theLord remains present
in the Genuine InternaI of the General Church where is a true
reverence for His resence in the Litera ense of the Third Testament
for wrchin this there may arise that spiritual affëëtion of Truth that
is the essence of Charity.
8. "And God called the expanse heaven. And the evening and the
morning were the second day." The acknowledgment of the existence of
the internaI man and the presence of the Lord wi th man 1 s inter..nal. A. 24
When the Adamic Church fell into evils and falsities, the Lord
raised up the Noachic, or Ancient, Church. This boxh a
J) descent and an ascent. A the celestial to a
churchj and an ascent from the sensual 0 pane 0 sc. cs or
knowledges in the rirs to have a written Similarly,
when failed to Lord in lasts, the Lord raised up
the Ge era éhurch This likewise represen etl descent and an ascent.
A descen in that this second New Church tended to lose the celestial.
} quality of love to the Divine Human in which Convention in its best
s1at8ËÏhad beenj an ascent because the General Church accepted the
"Writings" as Divine Revelation, the Lord in lasts as the Word, and
thus infsllible. Its members entered into the cognitions (spiritual
plane) and scientifics (plane of memory knowledges) of the Word,
determined to order aIl states of the life of the New Church by the
teachings of the Word. This is a progression from faith in the under­
standing to faith in the will, where man seeks ta order his life by what
he sees in the Word, not from his corrupt will.
In order to protect the new body from the "flooçl" then
Convention, the founders of tl'i'e General Church determined to form
and schools in which aIl social and educational life as
Well as worship should be within the sphere of the New Church; thus a
veritable. Noah' s Ark. "And Noah did according to aIl that God cOiiiliïanded
him; so â3..a: he." Gen. 6, 22. The basic faith of the Second Day is
perfectly presented by the Creed of the General
"I believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, the almighty and everlasting
God, the Maker of heaven and earth, the Redeemer and Savior of the
l believe in the Sacred Scripture, the Word of God, the Fountain
of wisdom, the Source of life, and the Way to heaven.
l believe in the Second Coming of the Lord, in the Spiritual
Sense of the Word, and in the Heavenly Doctrine of the New Jerusalem.
l believe the New Angelic Heaven, in the New Church,
in the communion of angels and men, in the repentence from sin, in
the life of charity, in the resurrection of man, in the judgment
after death, and in the life everlasting."
Here we see the recognition of lasts, the Lord as the Word, not
even mentioned in Conyention's Declaration, made of equal importance as
the Lord in firsts as the Divine Hunan.. Certainly there is development
here. There is also a falling away from the "faith of love" of the
Convention. (In the General ChurchJcreed the "life of charity," the
second essential of the church, becomes a mere doctrinal lost among
Is it merely for convenience and simple expression that the Third
Testament refers to the Ancient and successive churches as "the new
church" (nova Ecclesia) or is this done to remind us that this "new
church" corresponds to a development in the New The adjective
"nova." could easily be avoided by the use of "another," "additional,"
or "succeeding" In the manuscripts in Sweà-enborg's own hand
a statement clearly refering to the New Church is often written "nova
Ecclesia." AlI initial capitals are consistently used only when the
proper name "Nova Domini Ecclesia
is used.
"The subject now treated of is the forma.tion of the ncw
which is called IINoah"; and its formation is described b the ar
into which living things of every kind were received. But,>a s
wont to be the b.Efore ew chur.cIL. Qould ilrise
necessary that the man of the church should .§.ttffer many tem tations,
which -- are described DY the lifting up of the ark, its fluctuation,
and its delay upon the waters of the flood. And finally, he
became a true s irit· man and was t free, is d scribed QY tpe
)IJ ;essation the waters, and the many things that follow. No one
1 can see his who a of letter only, in
1 consequence (and especially is this the case hera) of things
being historically connected, and presenting the idea of a history of
events o " A. 605.
Nor can one who "adheres to the sense of the letter only" see the
essential correspondence of the Noachic {élrla- eneraÎlChurches. However,
if one considers that the corresponds
to the physical infanc -of the indiv1dual: to the spiritual infancy of
that individual in the "First Day" of his rœ:generation, and to the
"First Day" ?f the New Church, which i he can also see
that the Sp:i.ritual-Scientific Noac 1C lane corresponds to the
cnï.anoo Jf the individual? both naturally and-spiritually, and to the

cn1ldhood of the New Church General Church
Again, the or genuine, state, or the evening, or
opposite: state of th2 General. Churr.h can be treated adequately here.
They are contained in the Arcana Coelestia in the spiritual sense of
the and of_the of the Lord's blessing of Noah and
his sons, of the bow in the cfOuds, signifying that such a flood would
never again inundate the church, and of Noah planting a vineyard, thus
. becoming instructed doctrinal things and becoming a spiritual
church. (Ao 1067) The decline of the Ancient Church is fi t treated
lof in Noah' becoming drunk with he had made, which
,to fall into errors, (Ao 1072) and his illtreatment by Ham, who
represents the ancient enemy of the Church, e dragon of it
J charity (A
1061) who is the father of external worship apart from
which is Canaan. How much there is for us to ta
this event. Here we see what our attitude
should be when we see, or believe we see, th8 piritual drunkenness, and
nakedness of another
Let us with Shem and Japheth excuse errors---­
rather than deride with The Ancient Church aIse victim OfJ]
t at other enemy? ri and love of dominion as
in the rise of the 'Tower of Babel and tb§ confusion of
dë;ïining are summarized in A. 1250 in explan-.
a ion of Genesis 11:
"Concerning /the first Anciènt Church
s7 first state, that 0.11 had
one do'ctrine (verse 1) j its second state,-that it began ta decline
(verse 2); its that the falsities of cupidities began to reign
'1 (verse 3); its fourth, that men dominion by eans
of Divine worship (verse 4); and therefore the state of t e church
was changed (verse 5 and 6); so that none had the good of faith
(verse 7 to 9)0
The "confoundi.ng of their lip" and aOJ;isèquent of the
c.hurch-was a Divine jud ment upon it.
IIICome, let us go down, and there confound their lip, that they
hear not a man the lip of his 'Comè, let us go down,'
signifies that a judgment was thus effected; 'and there confound
1 their lip,' signifies that -no -one has the truth of 'that
1\ they hear not a man thë lip of his fellow,' signifies aIl are
1 at variance with one nnother." A. 1319. ­

That this state of confounding their lip "that they hear not a man
the lip of his fellow, Il indeed occurred in the General Church a t the
time of the "Ha ue Cont:.::."oversy" was keenly fel t by Bishop DeCharms as
w1tness his statemen
"From the very first replies to the printed statements of the
Hague Position, we have been met with the declaration:
"You 0 not This has been the out standing character­
istic of the present controversy." New Church Life, Vol. LVII 1937.
It is of great interest to see such a, possibly unconscious,
confirmation of a change in the state of the church from one present at
the time. It is probable that a stud of sermons, articles, and
doctrinal the ea s would bring to light many
earliest New Churchmen see themselves
the first dawn of creation and warn against the eating of the
tree of the knowledge of good and evil? Did the founder§ of the
Academy and the General Church compare Distinctive New Church Education
and social life to the Ark which Noah built? Did the ioneers of {he
- ---.
Nova ma . ee themselves as, like Moses, leading the church up
from the Land of E t of mere seientifics? l believe that the answer
is Ilyes" to all of these questions, and that in so speaking they spoke
1 spiritual
The General Church is the Noachic New Church. The Lord addresses
the General C ure as the second church in Asia, Smyrna. Smyrna
represents the second state of the church, "those who are in the know­
ledges of truth and good, and also in a life according to them, thus
those who are in the affection of truth from a spiritual source."
fl\ (A.E. 112,/M Smyrna also represents i1those wi-thin the church who w:hsh
to understand the Word, but do not understand." (A.E. 111) The
Lord is here, "the First and the Las, who was dead and is alive,"
I(Revo 2, 8) recalling the General Church' acknowled ment of the pre­
of the Lord in as well 'as Firsts. He warns of the afflic­
tion they must suffer ecause of the infestation of "them who say 1hat
they are Jews and they are not, but are of the synagogue oi Satan."
The Lord counciis His faithful disciples in Smyrna, "be thou faithful
even till death, and l will give thee the crown of life••• He that over-
COmeth shnll not be hurt by the second death," signifies tha i2..e wh02:.s
steadfast in the genuine affection of truth to the end of his life in
the world sha come the new eaven." (A.E 1.11)
The Third Day - Nova Hierosolyma
9. "And God let the waters under the heavens be gathered
[ together in one place, and let the dry f.ïanil appear; and it was so."
The under heavens being gathered together into one place in
-an outmost sense signifies that the Writin sare ac tO.ê...-...the
Word . h e Q1 and New Testaments, whereby the Three Testa­
of the Word are united. In a deeper this gathering to­
gether of the waterssignifies the acknowledgment of the need of the
1Lord gathering together and ordering of the scientifics in the hüffian
l mind, by His Holy, SRirit, thus the acknowledgment of Doctrine, Spiritual
o Celestial origin, this being the crowning acknowledgmeEt which led
to tl!e Nova Hierosolyma. The "dry" is the external man itself, which
first appears in its real natural quality when man, by virtue of
(genuine Doctrine, lon er assumes that the from the
Il Letter in his external memory are spiritual truths,"" or mis-a plie.§ the
Literal SeEse to the loves of self and the world.
10. "And God called the dry ;Iand7earth, and the gathering together
of the waters called He seas; and God saw that it was good."
The distinguishing between the Presence of the Lord in the Letter
His Presence in the human mind, by the gathering together and ordering
of the scientifics t e:nce into the form of Genuine Doctrine. Also the
distinguishing between doctrinal things in the underst:anding (the seas)
and the of Doctrine in the natural life of repentance (the
dry) whereby the seeds of Truth, Spiritual and Celestial, may be im­
planted and received. It was the will to th e distinctions that led
to the separation of the Nova Hierosolyma and the General Church.
11-12. "And God said, let the earth bring forth the tender herb, the
herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree bearing fruit after its kind,
whose seed is in itself, upon the earth; and it was sOG And the earth
brought forth the tender herb, and herb yielding seed after its
and the tree bearing fruit, whose seed was in itself, after its kind;
and Gad saw that it was good
The calls upon His New Church to repent pf the evils and falsities
out of its "co.a:u. in.:ter11ê:l" "corr pt external" which destroy
the first three daysj the false celestialism, sensual reasonings, and
heresies of îaith nlone by which Cain, the tiller of the soil, killed
Abelj the spiritual drunkenness, derisiveness, and l dom:i.Aion
which the Spiritual-4Scientific plane; the idolatry by which ours
and others
limited, Natural-Rational understanding of Truth becomes a
false god, the "work of our own hands" worshipped in place of the Lord,
which was the end of the third church in history. The church out of
, the good enrth of repentance brings forth the "tender herb" - a humble,
loving worship and true natural charity out of Celestial originsj "the
herb yielding seed" - a mutual affection of the True, the "seed" being
the spirituaJ. cognitions within the natural scientifics; and finally,
"the fruit tree bearing fruit whose seed was in itself" - a humble,
natural-rational understanding and perception of Doctrine out():(which
the genuine external of the church i8 prepared for ttre Advent of the
Lord in the Fourth Day.
As summarized in Arcana Coelestia the Third Day of Regeneration is:
"The third state is that of repentance, in which the man, from his
internal man, speaks piously and devoutly, and brings for th goods,
Î like goods of charity, but which, nevertheless, are inanimate, because
he thinks they are from himself. These are called the "tender grass,"
and also the "herb yielding seed," and afterwards the "tree bearing
fruit .. "
Again in the change from the Second to the Third Day we see both
an ascent and a descente An ascent from the scientific ta the doctrinal
or rati9pal, a descent from the to the natural gooiL-of faith
Jand obedience. This descent is but an advance, in that
the New Church thus advances from Spiritual ch11Qhood to S iritual
youth so that the Celestial and Spiritual seeds may come forth from the
" ood earth." It can be seen that while the Nova Hierosolyma has
entered the ThirdJDay, most ojf its work has notlb,Ben as
most of its work cannot be accomplished by the Nova Hiero­
sOlyma alone. The external of the New Church must be re-formed so that)
He-may-open and form its internals. s did the Hebrew ro ets of old;
so must the men of _the prepare the New for--the
Lord's Ministry of the Fourt ay.
The genuinely priestly Use of lending by truths of Doctrine ta
genuine repentance and the life of charity first becomes ossible 'n
the Third Dayo For t e Priestho.ad is given ta Jacob' s third son, Levi.
Although the Lord Himae ,as the Good of Life, cannat be inmostly
1Eresent with us until we have repented of the dragonish and babylonish
things which prevent this con 'unction, let us never forget t at
He is omnipresent prepûrin His Church. As we labor ta pre are the
"good .round
let us remember the promise given in Isaiah 53, 2 ta this
New Church of the Third Dûy:
"Far He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root
out of a dry ground."
'l'he early third day quali ty of ther'Nova Hierosol ma,....,·a t i ts inception
is clearly sfiown in ffie statemen "Leading Theses Propounded in 'De
Hemelsche Leer'''. Here are seen the separations treated of in Genesis
l, 9-10, which begin the Third Day rather than the unfinished tasks for
the Church in Genesis l, Il. The gathering of the waters, distin uish­
ing of the dry, and the worship of the Lord's third attribute, the Holy
Spirit or Doctrine, are clearly stated.
.J "1. The Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg are__ the Third Testament of the
SACRED SCRIPTURE must be applied to the three Testaments alike.
The Latin Word without Doctrine is as

a candIestick without light,
and those who rend the Latin Word without Doctrine, or who do not
for themselves a Doctrine from the Latin Word, are in darkness
as to aIl truth. (cf. SS 50-61).
3 The genuine Doctrine of the Church is spiritual out of celestial
origin, but not out of rational origine The Lord is that Doctrine
itselL (cf. A.C. 2496, 2497, 2510, 2516, 2533, 2859; A.E. 19)."
The Natural-Rationûl and even "dry" quality of· the Nova Hierosol ma
may be seen in it state ent, Essentials of the Church. This chûnge
in the inward quality of the church is contained in the very opening
words of the creeds: j'We worship" - "I believe" - "The acknowledgment."
. The celestial things of infancy have been left behind and the celestial
of adult life have not yet been attained. '
"le The acknowledgment of the Lord Jesus Christ in His Divine HU!!lan
as the one only God of heaven and earth, in whom is the Divine Trinity.
2. The acknowledgment of the Word of the Lord in its three Testaments,
the Old Testament, the New Testament, and the Writin s of Emanuel
Swedenborg, which are Testament. In this Third Testament
'\t e Lord has His Second Coming, and aIl the Divine Human is
present therein from firsts to lasts, in fulness, and power.
What is said in this Testament concerning the Sacred Scrlpture or
Word applies also to itself.
3. The life of faith, charity and love into the Lord that is of
heaven being the Divine essence of eternal life in man and in the

We who are the present membership of this third church7have
merely begun to understand our what the accomplishment of
this of repentance will allow the Lord to rëVeal
the answer to the "How lon must the church be temPted and
I;persecuted in the is "hidden" in "plain sight"
an 0 her numbers. The New Church is to endure infestation in the
wilderness for "three and a half days" that is, until the evening state
WhiCh commences the Fourth Day of Creation, the mornin bein the
Coming 'of the Lord.
The Fcurth Day-- Tpe Coming of the
It is a different matter to treat of the first three days of the
development of the New Church than it is to treat of the Fourth through
Seventh DaYn The former, l believe, are past and present, the latter
are the future. Nevertheless, something concerning them can be seen
and stated by following the same series of days, churches, sons and
The great importance, beauty, glory, and holiness of the
of the Church is manifest in every series. It is the Day in
which the two great luminaries, Genuine Charity and Faith, are
in the internal man. CGenesis l, 14-19, A. 10) It is the state of the
" reat reversal." Prior to this state the regenerating man, and the
church in its instauration, has looked te good from truth. After this
state has been realized it looks ta . om lLood. Peter, the first
apostle, represen s Faith and Tru h whic as appeared to be prior to
Joh the fourth a ostle, who re resents Love and Charity. Reuben and
Judah have a similar signification. It is when known by an
dictate or affection that Love or Charity is the Sun, the
greater and that Faith or Truth is e that one
has known the Coming of the Lord. To know the Coming of the Lord is
t receive Divinely umFn Love for the Salvation of the Universal
LJ - H1!..man Race as ones own loye. ----­
"They who ••• have received the Divine things of the Lord, that is,
His Love towards t . human race, and consequently they who
received Charity toward the neighbor and also the who have
j received.the reci rocal love to the Lord, are endowed••• with intell­
, and wisdom and with ineffable happinessj for they become angels
and thus truly men."
CA. 4220)
The intimate relationship 'of the
individual and the the Church s own in many passages,
as A. 3759. -­
"Afterward by the birth of the four sons of Jacob by Leah is
described in the supreme sense the ascent from external truth to
internal goodj but in the representative sense the state of the
church, which is such that it does not acknowledge and receive the
internaI truths that are in the Word, but external truthsj and this
being the case, it ascends to interior things according to this order,
namely, that at first it has the truth which is said to be of faithj
next practice according to this truthj afterwards the consequent
charitYj and final elesti ove. These four degrees are signi­
tied by the four sons of Jacob borne to Leah, namely Reuben, Simeon,
Levi, and Judah.
Perhaps nowhere is the holiness of this Fourth State of the New
Church more wonderously portrayed than in Jacob's blessing of Judah
and the InternaI Sense given in the Arcana.
"Thou Judah, thy brethren shall celebrate thee, thy hand shall be
on the neck of thine enemies, thy father's sons shall bow down to-­
thee. is a lion's whelp; from the prey my son thou art gone
up; he bowed, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall
rouse him up? The scepter shall not be removed from Judah, and a
lawgiver from between his feet, even until Shiloh come; and to him is
the obedience the peoples. He binds his young ass unto the vine,
and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washes his clothing in
wine, and his covering in the blood of grapes; his eyes are red with.
wine, and his teeth are white with milk." Genesis 49, 8-12.
l "'Thou Judah, , signifies the celestial church, in the supreme
Iisense the Lord as the Div.in 'thy brethren shall celebrate
thee,' signifies that this church is eminent above the rest; 'thy
hand shall be in the neck of thine signifies that the
infernal and diabolical cre wiL t his resence; thy father's
1 sons shall bow down to thee,' signifies that truths will submit them­
selves of their own accord, 'Judah is a lion's whelp,' signi
innocence with innate forces; 'from the prey my son thou art gone up,'

that trom the throu h the celestia1
there is deliver­
f man from hell; 'he bowed, he couched as a lion, and as an
old lion,' signifies the good of love derivative truth in
( their owerj 'who shall rouse him up?' signifies that he is
among aIl the hells, 'the scepter shall not be removed rom Judah,'
signifies that sovere" _nt h n t de art from celesti l ood;'and
a lawgiver from between his feet,' signifies truths from good in
lower thin s; 'until Shiloh come,' signifies the comin the
e tranquility of peace thenj 'and to him is the obedience of
tfie peoples, , :-;-rom His shall oceed
truths, 'he binds his young ass unto the vine,'
for the external church; 'and his ass's colt unto the
choice vine,' from the rational for the internaI
washes his in wine,' signifies thatlfiS-natural
J is truth from His Divine &ood; 'and His covering wi the
blood of grapes,' signifies that intellectual is Divine Good from
'his eyes are red with wine, , the
(intellectunl or internaI Ruman is nothing but -ood; his teeth
are white with milkj 'signifies that the Divine natural is nothing
j f'- but the good of truth." •
Indications abound that in this Fourth Day the New Church shall lm
1/ be united. It shall no longer lie scattered, broken, Jerusalem a heap
and Êi""'1i'lssing--'lf.-dr in the wilderness. 'J "In the fourth state_a
man is affected with love •••The Church if aIl had Charity."
(i:. 10, 2913) of the Day of the Lord's First Coming Isaiah wrote:
"Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun,
and the light of the sun shall be seven fold, seven
in the th t the Lord ind u the.breach of His people,

he h the stroke of their wound." Isaiah 30,2 • (See A. 91 3 and
T.C .R. 641)
In Isaiah 58, 12 we are exhorted to cooperate with t ord's
he ing as if of ourselves:
"And'the that shall be of thee·shall build the old waste
and they shall raise up the foundations of many generations; an th9u
shalt be calLed The re airer of the breach, The of paths to
dwelï1.n." ­
If aIl were as one in the Declaration of in
the Doctrine of Love to the Lord and Love to the Neighbor, the New
Church would never lLave further true d
velopments which
became th IGeneral Church" posit..iQg)and the "Nova Hier yma
positions would have occurred without a separation in the Church. If
aIl had Charity:
"Then would each person say, in whatever whatever
outward orship he might be, This is my brother, I-J3ee that he
worships the Lord, and is a good man." A. 2385
We see from the Word, however, that true Charity, which
the Church, a state of Love that must -be attained through
stru les of re entance This repentance must take place aIl three
existing partia ew Churches. We are not yet for the FotlJrth
Day. INe have first to bring forth from the "genuine internaI" 9f each
of these churches "goods, like the goods of charity.i1 As we do this,
as of the genuine external of the l
s h r-- f the Lord's Own Love to and
/1 doctrinal differences, which now divide the Church, will be slowly
( brought into their proper harmony. This as of self re-formation is
\ the ministry of John the Ba tis •
"And he shall go before s irit and ower of to
turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobëdient
to the wisdom of the just; to make a people prepared for the
Luke 1 17.
For the Lord comes to restore aIl the genuine states known to the
"Pre-Advent" churches and ead them to still more interior things. <:::-­
estoraD is the message of the prophecy from Malachi on the e page
' 0 paper., By "the sons of Levi" are meant-all ho are in the .E;ood
tof thence in thE;' good of fai th. To Il urif the sons of Levi"
and 'purge them as gold and silver" is t purif the Celestial, Spirit.
ual an Natural of the Church. "The of Judah and Jerusalem
1 shall be ngreeable unto Jehovah" signifies that there will be
t. acce t· e worship from the good of love to the Lord. "According to
t e da s of an a e and according to former years," signifies acc
to the worship of the Mosl; nci""Ul Cliurc , and the Ancient Church.
(See A.E
433b, 444b) As is pointed out in these numbers, this ro

the restoraI of the worship of the Most Ancient and AncientChurches
not u ed in the Jewish Church. Nor was it truly fulfilled in
./ Church,.althou e was ue celesti 1 of li
love to the Lord the Church. (See T.C.R. 638 fi
whe;e the Auostolic Ch rch is likened to the Adamic.) It is in the
New Church that th, is to be
its damic and Noachi lanes.
The Lord will unite His New Church, for He has promised it. Ta
J' "t.his united New Churc1:L He will evermore brin.,g His Children, the U!!J.­
Human ta whom He has Come again.
"And other sheep have l, which are not of this fold: them also I
must bring, and they shall hear my voicej and there shall be one fold,
and one shepherd." John 10, 14-16.
The Fifth Seventh Days
l believe that the diagram below, adapted from one used by Rev.
Harry W. Barnitz, will aid in a brief discussion of the remaining days
of creation.
.....: •.:\(../
Spiritual Degree
Natural Degree
V 3rd Day Day
Natura Spiritual Celestial States
li Churches
It can clearly be seen in Genesis and the the Days of
Creation are linked as shawn in the diagram. On therFirst a first
light of love and faith is given in the heavens or Celestial plane.
thefFourth Day 'the two great luminaries shine forth. On the Sec nd
the waters are divided and the waters above distinguished.
the Fifth Day this spiritual plane is populated with living things,
"the créëping thing, the livingsoul" ta populate the waters, and
winged fouI ta fly above the earth. On the ird Day1the dry land
brings forth the tender herb, herb yielding seed, and fruit tree bear­
ing,fruit. On th Sixth earth brings the beast wild
and finally spiritual man himself. On the Seventh Day the
Celestial Man is formed. "The celestial man is the seven aYt_on
which the Lord rests." A. 74.
Correspondentially we see here the states of the development of
the Church. We can see, for example, t at the Ce10stial of the First
\ of regeneration and çorresponding is the
Celestial of the Natural, while the Celes 1al of he Fourth Day and
corresponding Christlan New Church is the Celestial of the Spiritual:
The Celestial of the Natural is external, the Celestial of the Spirit­
,ual Ls interior, and the Celestial Itself is internaI. In Coronis 51
we read "that the men of the Ancient were external and natural,
nor could they becooe internaI nd,spiritual as men can-Bince- e
_Advent of the Lord." In .C .R. 78 we are taught that aIl
before the Cooing of the oro-were not in the truth, and i T.C.R.
we are taught that they were representative churches. Man before
egeneration is a dead man (A. 81), by passing through theS1X nays
in the first chapter of Genesis man becomes a living, or Spiritual man.
Applying this truth to the church we can see that it is only coming-ro
life. Indeed, the first living thing created is the "tender herb" of
the Third Day, which, l believe, we must now struggle to come to.
In His the Lord descended into the Natural Norld to
free mankind to enter a more full conjunction with Him. In His
., e lifted the man Swedenborg into the Spiritual World to
to mankind the "things heard and SE:en." The Celestial Itself out of
which the New Church Itself descends cannot be firially
the men of the church have likewise known the Second COill1ng of the Lord.
r f(That is, until they h ve been brought t such a state of e cra ion
l' as to receive inmostl the Celestial DQYtrine which is within Third
1 Testament. From this the Spiritual and atural planes of this Cel stial
state of the Church will be ordered into perfect harmony as the Holy­
City New Jerusalem descends from God out of heaven. Although this
Sabbath ma '1" distant, we must aver look
ever pray for the peace of when ter warfare shall be accom­
,Iplished, must ever, "remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy."
In a world historical sense, the time until the is
fully instaurated is not long, but very short. In such world sense, G
, the Crown of the Churëhes, is itself the Seventh Day = 1
r upon which the Lord shall rest ta etergity. Six Days of la or are
1lthe historie Adamie Noachic, e 1" w, successive states of the
containë in Genes1s 1. The New Church commences in
Genesis 2 with the Sabbath Day. However, just as the Sabbath of one
week is the beginning of the next, so within its own develo
New Church COIl1L1enceS with the 'damic the the Natural, and
must from this develop to its full state.
As we look forward with hope to the Fourth Day, or Christian
state of the Church, we must recognize chat it is not the final state.
For, as we know, the Christian Church fell. It is only in the church
of the centuries before t e icean Council thé.l.t we can see the§e
illritual states of our futur n erverted. It is in tl:.e Christian
state hat the-most erribie forms of Babylon and the Dragon came out
in the Catholic and Protestant Churches. After Nicea there is a
certain corres ondonce of the Catholic Church with the 'ou th ay, of
the Protestants with the Fifth Day, and the Holy Spirit sects, such as
the Quakers, with the Sixth Day, but it is nearly aIl an ex opposito,
or from the corrupt internal, one. The flying things are-not birds
but the winged dragon and the wild beast is that upon which the harlot
Sitteth. Nevertheless, have 1" al" to the best states of
Christe dom to the genuine internaI and external w1E ném rom the
Lord, we can see s;;ething-Qr-wha have een/had not
been s.e.duced to "make God three, the 'Lord two, and faith alone saving,"
and to pervert all truths of religion to self worship. We can therefore
see what the New Church must become, aS weIl aS overcome, as it passes
through corresponding states. ls there not something of the genuine
Christian internaI to be seen in the blessing of the Sixth Church that
is in Asié.l., For it is around the Philadelphia founded
b the Quakers, or properly The Society of Friends, that ver mUCh
of the develo ment_of__the w hurch so far has taken place.
Let us turn now to the unhappy, but necessary discussion of how
the Dragon and Babylon have infested the New Church. This is an un­
discussion because the night prior to the Coming-9f the Lord is
Na great spiritual crisis. All three degrees of the Church have
They have also been perverted. Thus it is of the corrupt
internal and external, or proprial things, and opposite states of the
organized bodies of the New Church that we now turn our attention.
This is a necessary discussion because we cannot repent of an evil or
falsity so that the Lord may remove it from us until we have seen it
and acknowledged it to be evil and false.
In introduction to this section let me say this. The Word teaches 1
that the Dra on will ervert f th fore he is
.overcome. It is not for us, therefore, to argue whether the Word is
c5rrect, this is the negative principle of consulting the rational
which leads to all folly and insanity. (A 2568) It is rather for us
to "ai:::'irm the things which are of doctrine from the Word;" to use -our
rational faculty to discern how the truths of the Word have been borne
out in the history of the ChÜÏCh.
It will, nevertheless, be objected that to treat of these things
is to judge and mock the Church, to condemn with Ham. Surely there is
this danger and it also leads to "faith alone." Our finest patriotic
(hymn speaks of true loyalty and charity in the line, "America, America,
God mend thine every law" !Ne must with Shem and Japheth excuse errors,
i ter ret them to good, and most of all, w amendment and
healin of the church. We are not, however ,1\ to blind ourselves to
rand call this charity. The following is my attempt to see how
Churchmen have been seduced to: make God three, the Lord two,-to
and to divide the Church.
They Have Made God Three
The teachings of the Third Testament are so clear that the Lord
and Savior Jesus Christ is the only God of heaven and earth, that it
would not be possible for us to split God into three persons; neverthe­
less, by approaching only one of the Lord's three attributes, and main­
taining that this attribute is the only way in which man can approach
by means of which the Lord can be present with man, the bodies of
the church have divided God anew. So mueh has said on this above
that here we need merely summarize as followSé It is the tendency in
Co vention to worship the Lord apart from the and Doctrine from
the Word. It is the tendency in the Gener Church to worship the Word
apart from the Lord and Doctrine from the It is the
the Nova to worship the Doctrine from the Word apart from
the worsfil of the Lord and apart from e Word. All of thcse are
false worship and do violence to the Lord. For He is the Divine Human
or God in Firsts. He is the Word or God in Lasts. He is the Doctrine
or God in mediates and these three are One Lord. Further, the Dragon
having fragmented God, tends to a worShIp of God the Father, or God
above the Heavens, only, with which no conjunction is possible. liNo
one cometh to the Father but by Me."
In the Catholic Church the Lord's Divine was separated from His
Hunan so that the Popes and losser clergy could appropriate to them­
selves the Lord's power on earth. Any similar claiming to ourselves
of the Lord's authority and consequent unleashing of the love of domin­
ion by means of Divine Doctrine and Worship is to make the Lord two.
We have already seen this Babylonic evil in the subverting of t e
Noachic plane; however, it is particularly in the Christian lane of
New that the most grievoüS of this evil-must be
However, just as the New Church was not seduced t God three
in the sarne way in which the "old church" did, so the New Church makes
"The Lord two
in a different manner than Was Cilone in the former
Christian Church. We know from the Word that the Lord is operating
both "mediately" and "immediately" to make His Second Coming manifest
and to establish His New Church. There is a tendency in the church to
look to 0 one of these modes of oper tion and to deny the other.
Many in Convention have laid such stress upon the Lord's operation by
a universa permeation of the chur h as to deny all import­
ance to the church s ecific, the organized New Church. They thus con­
fuse the genuine principle and very real evidence of the permeation of
the Christian world by light from the New Heaven, with purely human
states of good citizenship, humanitarianism, scientific advance, and
even utopian cultism. Again we recognize the Celestiûl-Sensual which
becomes unable to tell true perceptions of the celestial from false
The attitude of the members of he General ChurcÈJis quite differ­
ent o They seern to lack all perception of the Operation, of
change, of movement, within or without the church, to feel that the
etate of "Noah 1 s Ark" will last for ever. or t Cl there are no -fû.lse
eavens, other than Bryn 1tse f,- and the operation of the Lord
in mediates means that when the world becomes__good e ou h the
Church will be recœived as it is now,--on y bigger. "and tooorrow
shall be as this day, and much more abunden .f Isaiah 56, 12.
The Nova Hierosolyma. tends to regard only the operation of the
Lord witn1n the urch and even only within the Nova
This is to look to only a particulû.r reception of the Lord, neglecting
{the universal presence of the Lord in the natural and of
1 faith and charity. to forget that the Lord is Omnipotent,
Omniscient, and Omnipresent. There is also the tendency to regard only
the operation of the Lord within the regenerating man of the church.
There is a need fo balance Qere, the Lord is both oQjective and sub­
Turning to a purely subjective "Lord within" was the very
sin itself of the "Holy Spirit" sects, the detest ble heresy that tb-e
Lord has ceased to be Himself and has iufused Himself into men.
It is also (the Lord as the Word in His Second Coming that the
existing New Church has "made two." if/hen, in centuries to cone, the
Church has matured and counts its in he lons ra er than
will be aS difficult for to understand the l2ng
dis utes on whether the "writings" are the "Word" or not as it is for
'a present day Cnr1stian to n erstan the on the
( Cpristians went through before they dared hold the Four Gos els to .be
Il to and Isaiah. For which is more Divine Reve ation: 1
Malachi? which orete of the
Messiah; the Apoc ypse which
jApocalypse Explained which ells of the Second Coming?
grieve that the true doctrine is received by so few may comfort them­
selves with the reflection that this particular overcoming of the
dragon is aIl but automatic. The New Church of the future, having
strength and numbers, out of self assertiveness, if nothing deeper,
would elevate its Sacred Books into the Third Testament.
Each of the existing bodies of the New Church has, however,
rom is i inity in regard to this Third
ment of th Word. Convention has done this in accepting the
"New England Heresy;' the a se distinction between the Word by which
is meant only the Old and New'"Testa!I!.ents, and "Swedenborg's writings."
This is to make the Third Testament merely human.
"This new revelation is indeed imperfect in many respects o It is
given to man's'reaso, and to reason in its freedom; and that this

freedom be more perfect, it is not given by inspiration. "No intelli­
receiver of t uth auglLt Swedenborg regards him as
inspired, or considers his writings aa or equal to the
Bible.ooHis words are not God's words, but his words." Theophilus
Parsons, Outline the and Philosophy 2!
In one tremendous passage Swedenborg has given us the sword with.
which to dispose of this head of the dragon.
"Not a word which 1 set forth and write is as 1 CHn sacredly
testify; wherefore if anyone should attribute to me one iota of the
things written, which are verities, whether he be on earth or in
heaven, he infl,:i.:.fls so great an on God that
it can be condoned by no one except God Messiah Himself."
aversaria II, 1654.
The General Church accepted the Writings as Divinely inspired, and
thus the Word, but when some saw that no book is part of the Word un­
less it has internaI senses, they again made the Lord two by segregating
the "Heavenly Doctrines" as they came to calI them, from the rest of
the Word, insisting in remaining in their or the "plain teach­
ings of the Writings." However, the plain of the Writings
are that the Writings are the Word and that they have an InternaI Sense.
"They /Certain spirits? said••• that those things which l have
written are so rude and gross, that they judged that nothing which
is interior could be understood from these words or the mere sense
of the words; l preceived moreover by a spiritual idea that it was
so, that they were most rude, wherefore it was given me to reply that
1they were merely vessels, into which purer, better and interior things
mi ht be poured in, El. • were a literaI sense; that such vessels,
as it were, are the man senses of the letter with the prophets, and
that they are not only rude, but also from the mire and the dunghill,
'and from the mud, but yet into them there might be infused interior,
clean and sacred things ••• thus it was given to add that if they
wished to remain in the senses of the letter, then they could
formed their knowledge from similar filthy things and vessels, and
they wno-/derive tb-ence their?doctrine, can be mightly deceived?"
(Spiritual-Diary, 2185 ­

How could Swedenborg have been given to state more forcefully that
the Writings have an InternaI Sense thun to show that to remain in the
senses of their Uetter is to form knowledge from the mud and the dung­
hill? To see that the General Church, when put to the test in the
l 30s, insisted on doing this, is to recognize another of the dragon's
seven heads which must be cut off.
How then does the Nova Hierosolyma separate the Divine from the
Human? Certainly not by sepurating the from the Word or by
denying that they have an InternaI Sense. Rather it is by a
klof the Lord's Human the Natural of faith and life given in
LiteraI Sense. The more obvious falsity, in which sorne of the Nova
Hierosolyma had been, of believing that since they acknowledged the
InternaI Sense t?ey were not bound by the LiteraI has been con­
demned and repudia edj however, more subtle falsities remain. There
,is a gloryin in doctrinal hicn are_abstract, minute, and aIl but
an exaltation of the "truths of faith" above the
l "truths of love," and a spurning of anything seeminly plain and obvious.
Tpis is to buil.d ourselves a false "secret chamber," and this the Lord.
has condemned.
"Wherefore, if they shall say unto you, behold, Hf' is in the
desert; go not forth: behold, He is in the secret chambers; believe
it not. For as the li htnin cometh out of the east, and shineth
)J) even unto th west; so shall the coming of e of Mun be."
Matt. 24, 26-27
From this passage we can also see 'that the maSs of humanLty- are
a Divine command not to have anything to do with the New Church
until it has overcome tlie dra on and left this wilderness and desert. j.f',
It is not their blindness, but our unreadiness whic revents the
of tne New Church.
- ...
They in Faith Alone
Ever since "Cain" killed "Abel" in the Adamic plane of the
Church, it has tended to remain in faith alone, in aith without
in a tendency for doctrinal differences to kill charity and
to divide the church. The genuine state of the Convention/is represent­
ed by the blessings of Reuben and Peter, the firsf son and the first
"Reuben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the beginning of
my forces, excellent in eminence, and excellent in power." Gen. 49,3
"And l say also unto thee, That thou art(peter and upon this rock
l will build my church; and the gates of heIl salI not prevail again­
st it. And l will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven."
Matt. 17, 18-19
The opposite state of Convention is shown in the next number of
Jacob's prophecy concerning Reuben, and in the very next words the
Lord spoke to Peterj
"Light as water, thou shalt not excel, because thou wentest up to
thy Father's bed, then profanest thou itj he went up to my couch."
"Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offense unto me: for thou
savorest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men."
The General Church, Simeon, and the !Nova Levi, like­
wise have enjoyed genuine states of faith and charity from the Lord
inflowing into their genuine internaI and thence into their genuine
external. How this is,_and how this state is changed into faith alQne
we are taught in A. "5773/ in explanatian of the words, "And they put
the stone in its place again upon the well's mouth." Genesis 29, 3.
"As regards the Word being opened to the churches, and being
afterwards closed, the Case is this: In the beginning of the sett­
ing up of any church, the Word is at first closed to the men of it,
and is afterwards opened, the Lord so providingj and thus they learn
that aIl doctrine is founded on the two commandments--that the Lord
is to be loved above aIl things, and the neighbor as themselves.
When these two commandments are regarded as the end, the Word is
openedj for aIl the Law and the Prophets, that is, the whole Word,
so depend on these commandments that aIl things are derived from them
and therefore aIl have reference to them. And whereas the men of the
church are then in the principles of truth and good, they are
ened in every thing they see in the Wordj for tpe Lord is then
present with them and teaches them by me ans of angels, and teachee
them (although they are unaware of this), and also leads them into
the life of truth and good.
This may be seen also from the case of aIl churches, in that they
were such in their infancy, and worshiped the Lord from love, and
loved the or from the heart. But in process of time churches
withdraw from these two commandments, and turn aside from the good
of love and charity to the so-called things of faith, thus from life
to doctrinej and so far as they do this, so far the Word is closed."
In their genuine sense the first four sons of Jacob represent four
stages of regenerationj faith in the understanding, faith in the
faith in]the act, or charity, and the fourth, It is
in their opposite sense that the first three sons represent faith
alone. (A. 6346) Or more specifically, Reuben signifies faith alone,
Simeon, faith without charity, and Levi, the absence of the good of
charity. (A.E. 443b) How dreadful are the hells inflowin . to the
"corrupt internaIs" r ro r' - thin s of the Gener::Ü Church a the
can be seen in Jacob's prophecy concerning Simeon and
Levi and the Third Testament's of themo
"'Simeon and Levi are brethren' signifies faith separate from
charitYj 'instruments of violence are their swords' signifies that
their doctrinals serve to destroy the works of charity, thus charity
itselfj 'into their let not my soul come' signifies that
spiritual good does not wish to know the evils of their willj 'in
their assembly let not my glory be united' signifies that spiritual
truth does not wish to know the falsity of their thoughts; 'for in
their anger tliey slew a man' signifies that they have Wholly turned
themselves away from truths, and in their aversion have ex ed
j an their good pleasure they unstrung an ox' signifies
that-from their depraved will they have wholl dis' led external
good 0 'accursed their anger, for it was
fierce' signifies a grievous aversion from good, and consequent damn­
ation; 'and their wrath, for it was hard' signifies aversion from
truth that is from good; '1 will divide them in Jacob,' signifies
that this faith is to be exterminated from the external churchj 'and
scatter them in Israel' signifies from the internaI church--also."
A.E. 443a
In thianumber it is clearly taught that this prophecy has ta do
with the establishment of the church, and thus the New Church.
"The first three sons, Reuben, Simeon, and Levi, were rejected and
condemned by their father Israel because that prophecy describes the
establishment of the church, and the church is not
faith separate from charity, but by truth and good from the Lord; for
the church, even at that time, had fallen into the error that merely
1knowing the Ward, and saying that it is holy, is the essential of the
1church, and not life and charity, and that the Gad of heaven and
earth is some other than the Lord."
In the historical sense of the Ward? Simeon and Levi were cursed
for having slain the Shechemites
They had done Hamor,
the prince of that city? had taken their sister Dinah and wished ta
marry her.
As explained in A 4425 ·nd subsequent numbers, Hamor, his
father Shechem, and the people of their city represent the truth of
doctrine of the Ancient Church. Here we see one of the marvelous
interconnections between the internaI sense of these series, for Simeon
and Levi here tRe corrupt rial things of the General Church and
Nova Hierosol ma) are cursed for. extin uishing "aIl "fhe trutn of
doc rine was of the Ancient Church," thus of their awn churches,
the First and Second Ancient Churches. Thus remined of the explanation
of "and there confound their lip," that it signifies "that no e h s
the truth of let us have the humility ta see that ta the
extent were in hatred and condemnation of those who disagreed
with them, neither side participating in the "Hague Controversy" was
in Truth.
May this crushing indictment of evils we have allowed to be with
us bring us to abject humility and repenirance sa that the Lord may .
indeed "divide" these evils Jacob and scatter them in Israel," for
these hatreds must be exterminated before we can come ta the Fourth
Da. e must not, in this humilitYl way to despair for as the
:cord tells us, "As many as l love, l rebuke and chasten: be zealous
therefore and Rev n 4, 19 and in Paul,
"for whom the Lord love th He chasteneth, and acourgeth every son
whom He receiveth
If ye endure chastening, Gad dealeth with you as
with sons; for what SO:1 is he whom the Father chasteneth not?"
Hebrews 12, 6-7
Th2X Have Church
That it is the dragon of faith al a d the church
if has been amply above. The New Church has twice been divided by
r doctrinal "sword figh1s" from faith alone o The dragon will
come in anô by eunitin ta mirror the union of the
and the 1 Marriage of Good nd Truth in Him, truly seen in
t-he Doctrine of the Church. -îtis particularly the function o..!.....!-he
Nova Hier9s01yma ta work for this in preparation for e ourt
Befor WB an-oe of Use ta our brethren falsities which have been
accepted inYhis the Third Day must be overcome. -We must
first remove the oeam in our own eye.
It been .. a favorite saying al1!Qng. sorne of us that the éonvention'
and Church are 'dead churches
because of their doctrinal .
errors, 0 w ic much hafu een said above, and that we in
should have nothing to do with them. "Let bury their ea "
IThere is a certain truth in thisj we cannot return to the childhood of
1 - f the Church but an even lar er a . • T ere is an appearance 0
eat in the series of the Pre-Advent churches, in that the Adàffiic
C urch <iied' as the Noachic was nnd so on. In tas,
of this rie the Nova Hierosol ma will die' at the Lord's
, 'Îf doctrinal errorsfr a corrupt J..n erna tKill" a c urch the ova
is lready dead for aIl churches have such corrupt things
with As ye JU ge a man, so-Bhall ye be judged.
IlIf Thou, L,rd, shouldest mark iniquities, Oh Lord, who shall
stand? But there is forgiveness with Thee, that Thou mayest be
fQared." Psalm 130, 3-4
If therGeneral Gener- Church were truly dead,
the ova
Hierosolyma)would not survive a generation_as it is so de end­
ent on tnem. Reu en means !to see' recalling God's fiat, "let there.
be light." It is the special Use of the publish the Word,
to let men see it and thus to evangelize. Simeon means 'to hear, 0 ey,
be instructed.' It is the special Use of the educate
from the Word, to let men hear the Word. Levi means 'to
to.' It is the special the ova Hierosolyma)not only to draw
de velo octri e from the Wor , büt-especially also the Priest­
ly function itself, given to Levi, of leading by means of Trut 0 the
Good of LJ..fë, of re aring for the FQYIth It is to the
congregation, the whole New Church, that his Use is to be performed,
nQt merely to the Nova Hierosolyma. Truly a priest must prepare him­
self in his "chamber" by stud ra er ùnd "fasting," but he should
not look upon this as his Usel' ,Rather must he prùy that he may "offer
unto the Lord an offering in Justice,n that he may truly lead bl Truth
to the Good of Life
For the Novù Hierosolyma to enter will
require an effort that the dragon in aIl threA churches will resist
with aIl the ower it has. For it is probably more difficult for the
{Convention and to overcome their-proprial pride and
admit that the/.... Nova Hie osolyma,)is a genuine development from the Lord,
1\ than it is for the Nova Hierosolyma to concede that its "eIder brothers"
still live, and that it lives on y as they live and rosper.
Many many more passages and series of passages could be 6'll1ducéd
to demonstrate further •• :the in general and part­
ieular has reference ••• to have treated hardly at .all
\I\of the CalI of Abraham; the Book of
IsaJ..aÈ0from end to end is a cal}
the and a looking to the Seventh; short as it
is, contains mueh tha we must see and apply to upbuilding of the
New Church. Ne completeness in demonstrating this truth is possible,
however, as we are taught in A. 1965, the internaI sense is:
le "illimitable ••• internaI sense, each and aIl things in the
o/0rd/-:e or •• they also ••• treat the same time ••• of the
1 hurch 1'l. Similarly they treat QL ever on in whom is the Lord' s
kingdom••• But 0 extend the further would be tao tedious."
Before closing this paper, l wish ta turn briefly ta four
further series because, l believe, each of them tells us something
about he history of the New Church and its futur which we otherwise
woulâ not know.
The Journeys of the Twelve Tribes of Israel
There is a sense in Nova Hierosolymaj the dry of the
Third Day, is particularly the New Church in the w{lderness. This is
brought out in a series ta which l have made reference several times;
the wanderings of the Twelve Sons of Israel and the Twelve Tribes
thence. Their dwelling with their father in Canaan in this series is
representative of the Adamic plane of the New Church. Joseph being
sold into Egypt and prospering there represents the Academy movement.
and the beginning of the Second Day. When there came ta be a "famirl'e"
in the Land of Canaan, aIl the Sons into Egypt where Joseph
ruled in the Spiritual-Scientific General, or Noachic, Church. However,
there "came a Pharaoh who knew not Joseph" and it was time for Moses
ta bring the Tribes up out of Egypt. That Moses' ministry represents
)the Nova Hierosolyma is indicated in many ways. His very name means,
"because drew him out of the Waters," and his signification is
further confirmed, in this marvelous interconnection of series, by the
fact that Moses and Aaron his brother were of the tribe of Levi. When
their geneqlogy is given in Exodus 6, 14-25, the families of Reuben,
Simeon, and Levi are enumerated, but no other tribes, ta indicate the 1
state of the church. (See A. 7230-1)
At first Moses did not attempt separation, "Let my people go, that
they may hold a feast unto Me in the Wilderness," but llGod hardened
1Pharaoh's heart" and he would not compromise. The people--mu8 be
kept busy bricks for the Tower of Babel! After great struggles,
Moses was able ta bring the Church up from the plane of Spiritual­
Scientifics along the Nile ta the dry and thirsty wildernesS-or-lhe
Naturaî-Rational, and how "dry" much of it has been! However, the Lord
hap providë]lboth water and manna ta keep us alive: in which regard the
connection ta the Church in Pergamum is complete. The Lord is here
"He that hath the sharp two-edged sword," of Genuine Doctrine (and
recalling aIsa and Levi's swords of falsified doctrine without
charity, here' "the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which l hate.'.') The
"few things" He has against the Church, "that thou hast there them that
hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak ta cast a stumbling­
block before the sons of Israel •• " refer ta the wilderness state under
and the Nova Hierosolyma. We are told (A. 1343, 1366) that - ­
Balaam was from the Hebrew Church, here he represents
this Third Church. The Lord romises to feed His Church of the
)JJThird Day o1;lt of the octrine of the Genuine_ "Ta him that over­
come n-will l give ta eat of the hidden manna, and l will give him a
white stone, and in the stone a new name written which no man knoweth
saving he that receiveth it." Rev. 2, 17.
Moses and his generation were not allowed to cross over the
promised land. How much longer it must be before the Tribes reen ­
the CelihJtial,. the Land of Canaan, we cannot say. Perha s it WiTl be
raI Q ears. These years correspond to the 40 days the Lord
was before commencing His earthly ministry. who led
the Tribes across Jordan to take Jericho and slaughter the heathen
represents the Lord as to combat. In ed, Joshüa and
or Jesus, are the same name; thus--the fourth state is here
represented. This series continues through e ay with King
David's capture of Jerusalem and the Seventh Day with
" of the Temple, representative of the full 0 the Lord's
New Church.

The Life of the Lord
-- -_.- - -- ---.­
In the supreme sense aIl things of the regard At
the same time the Word treats of the Church;and)the regenerating
individualo We may, therefore, apply the Gospel account of the Lord's
earthly birth, childhood, and ministry, to the life of the Church with
the assurance that if we truly seek truth for the sake of tru h, and
for use, that we will "see truths that agree.
Although the most essential things of the
Advent of the Lord have
( not been realized in the church an canno e realized before the
Day, the Lord's life on earth also contains the entire Seven
Days an thus correspondentially in the things of His and,
youth we may see again the history of the New Church.
l believe that the primitive celestial things of love which infill
the Christmas story are reflected in the and
who watched their flocks_by nignt were those among
tn€ clergy to whom Swedenborg sent copies of the Third Testament who

responded with joy and acknowledgment. Through them the darkness of
Christian theology has been permeated by light from the New Heaven.
How truly do men speak when they calI the late 18th century the "Age of
Enlightenment. fi The coming of the wise men is reflected in the period
r of e mid 19th cer: ury, now otten, when
learned knew and read Swedenborg. To name them is to name most of
the great literary, artistic-;-and musical figures of the "Romantic"
era: Blake, Goethe, Whittier, Balzac, Emerson, Coleridge, Baudelaire,
Poe, Lincoln, Yeats, 'Robert and Elizabeth Browning, Henry and
Berlioz, George Sand, and Chopin. Some of
these "wise men" also becam;-"g:Gînts" and "mighty and
did the infant New Church considerable damage by mixing her truths with
things of their own imagination.
r Why this period came quickly to a close and w New Church is
practically unknown today is made manifest in the story of Herodls
t on the ord's life and-the fli ht into Egypt. Here, and in the
f return 0 where none but e ary and osep knew Who He ]
l was, we have the General Church period in the life of the Church.
These are "silent years" as far as the impact of the New Church on the
world is concerned, but in this silence the church "grew, and waxed
strong in spirit, filled with wisdom." Luke 2, 40.
l believe the beginning of the Nova state may be
seen in and Joseph after a three day search finding the Lord in
the Temple at the a e of twélve "sittin in the f the doctors,
both hearing them, and asking them questions." Luke 2, 46. .....
Many things about the history and future of the New Church can be
seen in this series. Among these l would mention two. The first is a
truth which a too narrow application of the doctrine of the Coming of
the Lord on the and Se enth Day would cause us to slight. This
Iitruth is that the Lord is ever present protecting and preparing His
IIChurch. Secondly, we can see that when the Church comes into-tbe statE
rrrwllJ..ë1f- corresponds to the of the Lord 1 s ministry the rotect-·
VI ion of being virtuall unknown will be emoved. The ew hurch will
. again be known and listened to. Her missionary efforts will 1
\11 successful. She will aIs be attacked and even crucified, • (
-- ,1 even as the Lord Himself, before the re '..'C.fLC on 0 the Seventh
... When these troubles come some will no doub ook back to the "good old
daysil of her quiet childhood and blame her afflictions on the rate at
which the church will then be growing.
The State of the Church
What is the state of the Church in this, the Third Day? We stand
on a road leading down from Jerusalem to Jericho. At our lies
the Adamic New Church, stripped of his raiment, wounded, and half dead o
Ahead ef us on that road strides a priest, or rather, teacher, who has
looked on the affliction cf his brother, concluded that the injuries.
were self inflicted and wall deserved and then passed by on the other
How we look with brotherly love, concern,
helpfulness, gratitude, an respec? Instead of concern there is con­
demnation, instead of respect there is contempt, instead of excusing;
with Shem we deride with Ham. Will we e moved to compassion? Will WE
bind up his wounds, pour in oil and wine, set him on our own beast,
take him to an inn where he may_be healed and instructed, that Reuben
may live and not die? (Deut. 33, 6) We will note The Levite is
cogitating on elevated and difficult matters concerning life, faith,)
the union of the Divine and the Human, and his own "hidden evils."
The interruption is not welcome and must not be allowed to cause a
"descent of his thought" to a "merely apparent g.ood of external charitJ...I
Besides Convention is not half, but wholly Thus does Levi deny
his brother, even as Moses prophesied conc rning him:
"Who said unto his father and his mother, l have not seen him;
neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children:"
Deut. 33, 9. .
Thus does the cry of Ezekiel ring down through the ages to us today,
to Levi and to aIl the "shepherds of the flock."
"And the Word of the Lord came unto me saying,CS:;-n of ma ,
prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, unto them,
Thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds: Woe be t9 the shepherds
Of Israel that do feed themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the
flocks? Ye eat the fat, and ye cloth you with" the wool,
that are fed: but ye feed not the flock. Theiseased have ye not
neither have ye healed that which neither
have ye bound up that which was broke ? neither have ye brought
again that which was driven neither have ye sought that which
was lost; but with force an with cruelty have ye ruled them."
The Lord, Himself, is the Good Shepherd who will gather His flock
to a llgood pasture upon the high mountains of Israel."
'II will seek that which was lost and bring again that which was
driven awaYA and bind tha1r and will
strengthen that WhlCh was
slck:J but l the fat and the
strongj feed them wi judgment. Ezekiel 34,
Thus, supremàly, it is the_Lord Himself who is the Good Samaritan
that vgll heal our brother Reuben. within the church will
respond to the Lord's Love to be themselves good samaritans? Are they
not those
within all three who give to love and charity its
actual priority and who do not allow doctrinal things to rise up and
kill Abel in their own lives? But what can change the "priest" and
"levite" within USj Simeon and Levi whose doctrinals serve to destroy
the works of charitYj the smugness and self righteousness which mistakes
the innoëent victim for the draconic thieves themselves? Can we no ....
/ that the fall of the Most Ancient is inevitable
in human
{ history, in the Formation of the Chcirch with an individual, and within
, the development of the New Church? Spiritual infancy must fall, the
AArk of s iritual childhood must come to rest on the' and of
Q.TÈird before genuine Faith an Cari y, e Ce of
S lritual" can he enkindled
Nor can the Churc be gathered before
these two great luminaries shine forth to replace the light of the
First DaYe
Certain it is like Peter out of the repentance
of bitter weepin- has an illustrious "Simon, Simon, behold
Satan hath deslred you, that he may sift you as wheat; but l have
prayed for thee
that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted,
strengthen thy brethreno" (Luke 22, 31-32) This may be seen in
that final ordering of the Tribes in Revelation 7 wherelJudah,lReuben,
'land [Gad are bound as the [,ove isdom and of the Celestip.l Church,
. while Simeon.
Levi, and Issachar
orm a similar trine in t e lritual
J __ • ______
Church Let us pray that he Lord speedily come to fulfill these o
that we may worthily follow His leadingj ma see

Moses pro hec on our day:
"Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people:
let his hands he sufficient for himj and be Thou an help to him from
his enemies"" Deuteronomy 33, 7.
They Ought to be Together
What is the present state of the New Church? We are instructed in
the passages from Genesis and the Arcana Coelestia which forro the last
page of this paper. We are three droves of cattle lying by a
weIl. The Lord Himself has drawn near to us. He elevates the na ural
s ate we are in and addresses our ministers, the shepherds of the
flock. He inquires of our leaders whether they know the origin of
Charity. They reply that it is from llthe collateral good of a common
stock." He questions them again, "Have they the good of this stock?"
Our ministers reply that they do. He again questions them, "Is not
this good from the Lordls kingdom?" They affirm that it is and--nïat
from this good comes aIl affection of interior truth and interior
doctrinal things. The Lord, having examined our ministers and being
satisfied with their answers gives them the following specifie charge.
l"The state of the Church is now advancing, but "the goods and truths of
the churches and of doctrinal things could not as yet be gathered into
La one," therefore....they are to instruct the few from the Word. Our
ministers make the following affirmation to the Lord. The three droves
"ought to be together" so that the things of the Word may be disclosed
and the Church be instructed from the Word.
What is this "good of a common stock" which leads to aIl interior
things? Is it not a humble, loving worship and tr charity
celestial ls it not a looking upon aIl who love the
Lord andï;Orship Him in His Second Coming as our fellow New Churchmen
no matter how our "so called things of. doctrine" differ? ls it e
tender grass? Let our ministers then keep their promise to the Lord,
le em imbue the One Church in the Lordle e es, __ with
the "Truths of Love" sa that when the Lord Himself opens the Ward out
of a love for Rachel, t!Le affection of Interior Truth, who brings-1he
flock of the Fourth Day, the droves ma then unite und the opened
Word. -­

"They ought to be together." This simple affirmation the Lord
requires of us. When we, from a heart filled with the Truths of Love,
repeat these simple words, "They ought to be together," and will labor
to the end that they be together, the Lord may cease to lament over
His scattered flock, His New Jerusalem:
"Oh Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and
stonest them that are sent unto thee, how often would 1 have
gathered thy children together, even hen gathereth her chickens
under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto
you desolate. For 1 say unto you, Ye shall not see me
till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord."
Matthew 23, 37-39.
Genesis 29, 1-11. Arcana Coelestia 3758-3801
1. And Jacob lifted up his feet, and went to the land of the sons
of the east.
2. And he saw, and behold a weIl in the field, and behold there
droves of the flock lying by itj for out of that weIl
they watered the droves; and a great stone was upon the well's
3. And aIl the droves were gathered together thitherj and they
rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock,
and they put the stone in its place again upon the well's
4. And Jacob said unto them, My brethren whence are ye? And they
said, Of Haran are we.
5. And he said unto them, Know ye Laban the son of Nahor? And they
said, We know him.
6. And he said unto them, Hath he peace? And they said, Peace; and
beGold Rachel his daughter cometh with the flock.
7. And he said, Behold as yet the day is great, it is not time for
(\the cattle to be gathered together: water ye the flock, and
and feed them. .
80 And they said, We cannot until aIl the droves are gathered
together, and they roll the stone from the well's mouth; then
shall we water the flock.
9. While he was yet speaking them, came with the flOCk)
which was er she was a she erdess.
10. And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban
his mother's brother, that Jacob came near, and rolled the
stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban
his mother's brother.
Il. And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up his voice and wept.
Il:it is not time for the cattle to be gathered together,'
signifies that the goods and truths of the churches and of doctrinal
things could not as et be gathered. to a olle); 'water ye the flock
and go and feed them, , signifies instruction therefrom to a few;
'and they said, We cannot until aIl the droves are gathered together,'
signifies that they ought to be together." A. 3784.
1. The presence of the Lord through the perception of His
Divine in the Word, and the acknowledgment of His Omnipotence,
Omniscience and Omnipresence.
2. The reception of the scientifics and cognitions of the Word
and the doctrinals of the Church in the understanding, looking to its
separation from the will.
3. The life of repentance, obedience and faith in the Lord, and
thence the reformation of his external man, in order that the internal
may be opened and the longing for the presence of the Lord's spirit
to save man may be fulfilled.
4. The conjunction with the Lord through the opening and
forming of the internal man, and the working thence of His Divine
Human through love and faith, and the longing for a new human from
5. The formation of the rational through the affection of the
scientifics and cognitions of the Word and the doctrinals of the
Church, its subordination to the internal, the perceEtion that
Doctrine is spiritual out of celestial origin, and the birth of a
new rational and natural in which the Divine of the Lord may be
6. The life of charity, acquired by the conjugial of the true
of the n a t u ~ a l in the sphere of the Lord's Divine Human, with the
affections of the true of the Word and of Doctrine in human things,
and the submission to the good of: the natural from the Divine Human,
and the conjunction with the rational.
7. The perception of the Divine Human out of the rational, and
thence the appropriation of the good of love and true of faith, in the
natu;:,.al, the 'subm:Lssion of the external mind opened to the world to
t ~ e good and true of the internal opened to heaven, and thus the
presence of the Lord's Kingdom on earth.
Doctrinal statement adopted by
The Lord's New Church which is
Nova Hierosolyma in 1956.

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