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July 2012, Volume 102, Number 7 Pages 717-723


Transmission of Six Ampeloviruses and Two Vitiviruses to Grapevine by Phenacoccus aceris

J. Le Maguet, M. Beuve, E. Herrbach, and O. Lemaire First author: Comit Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne, 5 rue Henri Martin, BP 135, F-51200 Epernay, France; and first, second, third, and fourth authors: INRA, UMR1131 Sant de la Vigne et Qualit du Vin, F68000 Colmar, France, and Universit de Strasbourg, UMR1131, F-67000 Strasbourg, France. PDF Print (214 KB) | PDF with Links (231 KB) Open Access. Grapevine leafroll disease is caused by grapevine leafroll-associated viruses (GLRaVs). These viruses are common in vineyards worldwide and often associated with vitiviruses that are involved in the rugose wood complex of grapevine. Ten mealybug species are known as vectors of one or several of these grapevine viruses, including the apple mealybug Phenacoccus aceris which is widespread in Holarctic regions and able to transmit Grapevine leafroll-associated virus-1 and -3 (GLRaV-1 and -3). Our aim was to characterize the transmission features of leafroll viruses by Phenacoccus aceris in order to better understand the contribution of this mealybug to leafroll epidemics. Results showed that Phenacoccus aceris is able to transmit GLRaV-1, 3, -4, -5, -6, and -9 to grapevine but not GLRaV-7. This is the first report of GLRaV-6 transmission by a mealybug. Also, for the first time it was shown that Phenacoccus aceris could vector vitivirusesGrapevine virus A (GVA) and Grapevine virus B (GVB). First instar nymphs were the most efficient stage in transmitting GLRaV-1, -3, and GVA. This research sheds light on the transmission biology of grapevine viruses by Phenacoccus aceris and represents a step forward to leafroll disease management. Additional keywords: Betaflexiviridae, Closteroviridae, Vitis.

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